Bedford inquirer. (Bedford, Pa.) 1857-1884, May 14, 1858, Image 1

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Experiments and Observations
coiu sip cm
Cut and grouud 58 feet—loo cancs nine fif
teen-sixteenths gallons—lOJeg. Beauir.e—
rather more acid than the last—clarified it ful
ly as above —passed it through 5 feet Black,
and set it aside, and it is clear and bright, and
contains no feculent matter.
Cut and ground 58 feet—94 canes—9{ gal
lons, lOdeg. Beaume—treated as above, and
set it aside.
% Weather changing—out aud ground 58 feet
—95 canes—9| gallons, lOJeg. B treated
as above— also giouud the tops of all tbe above
2J2 feet, which produced 4 gallons, *2 quarts,
and 3 half pints of juice, weighing 12deg. B.
more aeid than the lower joints—treated it the
same—boiled it to 2SaJeg. F. aud sot it aside,
in tbe morning 1 found a good crop of crystals,
but the mass thick, and viscid—added 3 table
spooafulls .dear lime-water, heated it to cua
tle me t pour it into a mould—gross weight
9i lbs., tare 44 lbs. good browu sugar, and 2
lbs. molasses.
Boiled one-half ot the teutiinder of the pro
ceeds of the above lower joiuts, (one-third of
the whole having been boiled ou the 2d, as
above stated) to 236deg. F., and added it to
that boiled on the 21— boiled tbe other half to
237deg. F.—potted it at 176Jeg. F. very hand
somely crystalizea, and very light colored.
Withdrew the stops and set it on the pots to
The full mould <ls lb. size) had run lj gal
lons molasses, ot syrup—if it had been boiled
a litto higher it would b-vc produced more su
gar, and less molasses.
Tbe whole having now stood 7 days, and be
iug thoroughly drained, weighed as follows :
1 suiail mould, 10 :bs.
Tare, 44
nt. wt: sug., 5J lbs.
1 larger, " 184
Tare, 7
" 114
Sugar from the tops, '• " 3
Product tif 232 feet cancs, 19. <0 lbs.
1 pot of molasses, 17 lbs., tare 5 lbs. 12 lbs nt.
1 .< " 9" 5 4
1 " " 124" 5 7.25
Molasses from the tops;. 2
Product of molasses from 232 feet
canes, 25.25
232 feet are more than l-50th part
of au acre by 14 foet, therefore
deduct pro rata, 1.19 1.52
Product of 1-oOtbpartof an acre,
18 56 23.73
Multiply by 50 50
Product of an acre in lt>s., 928.00 1180.50
A gallon of molasses weighs 12 lbs.,
therefore divide by 15 for gal. 98.87
and we have 928 lbs. sugar (first returns) and
98.77 gallous molasses, made from one acre
13.277) of caDes, which produced 1847 gallons
juice, weighing at 9 lbs. per gallon, (16.623
lbs.,) or, sugar, first crop, 5.58 per ceut. mo
lasses 7.14 per cent. —togethei, 12 72 per
This sugar is perfectly dry, as shown by
6atnplc No. 4, it worked perfectly, and without
the slightest difficulty, at every stage.
Boiled all the molasses from the above (ex
cept the two lbs. fr'-m the tops which was too
poor lor re-crystallization) 23.25 lbs.—added
clear lime water until it marked 35deg. B. when
boiling—look off a thick, glutinous scum, and
boiled it down to 243deg. P.—in two hours it
produced a copious crop of very good crystals
—allowed it to stand till morning, when it was
quite solid.
Here an unfortunate accident oscurred.—
Having placed tbe crystalizcd mass over a slow
fire, to rouder it fluid enough to cast into a
mould, I was called off to a case of illness,
leaving it over the fire, and being detained
much longer than 1 anticipated, on returning
1 found all the grain melted and the molasses
boiling vehemently, and badly burned. Much
discouraged, I however proceeded, it crystal
ilod the tocood time, aud was put into a
Weighed the sugir from the 23.26 lbs. nto
lasaes boiled on tbe lTth Nov., as follows, viz
•Gross weight, 11 lbs
tare, 4!
Seoond crop of crystals from the 23.-
25 lbs. moUsee*, 6 25 lbs. ]
Deduct pro rata for the 14 ft. exce
"Wt l-20th of an acre, 373
* i. ■ 4 fc V ■ Ml
A Weekly Paper, Devoted to Literature, Politics, the Arts, Sciences, Agriculture, &c., &c—Terms: One Dollar and Fifty Cents in Advance.
Second returns from 1-50 of au acre, 5.877
Multiply by 50
Product of au acre from the molas
ses, 293.85
Then we have, as the whole final result of
au ucre of caues,
Sugar Molasses.
Ist returns, 928 lbs. 1186.50 lbs.
2d " (Sample IV.) 293.85
Aud deduct molasses converted, 293.85
1221.85 892.75
j And 12 lbs. molasses per gallon gives 74.39 gal.
Say sugar, per acre, 1221.85 lbs.; molasses,
per acre, 74.39 gallons; sugar, per ct., 7.85;
molasses, per ct., 5.37; sugar and molasses,
12.72 per ct.
1 will repeat here, that owing to the accident,
before stated, this sugur, (Sample No. IV,) 2d
returns, is not nearly of SJ good quality as it.
otherwise would have been.
(7o be continued.)
A RARE fertility characterizes the Ken
tuckiau State as it verges southward on the
land of Tennessee. Here a sweep of the so
called "Barrens" may be seen enameled with
flowers, numberless, and richly died, over
which the south wiud blows, wafting their
fragrance, or clothed with magnificent crops
of Indian corn, from ten to fifteen feet in
height, or of tobacco or wheat, waving and
golden. This luxuriauce contrasts picturesquely
with the northern portions of the country. —
These, dreary aud wild, present only bills of
sand, or liLes of rugged cliffs, amidst which a
torrent dashes here aud there, with menacing
roar, and far-winding gorges dark aud deep,
are suddenly dkclosc-d by the juttiug of the
crag, to the dismay of travelers, lavage
wild, too, terrible as Dante's solitude, aro
there, which abounding iu legendary interests,
are renowned iu Kentuckiau story, ami form
not tbe least attractive attribute of these
strange, romantic regions.
There it was that the
their original territories, or haJß^grounm-, 1
took up a position to wage a war
with their aggressors, whose strength was
tested in many a fietce encounter with the
swarthy Shawuees.. Still to these memorable
tracts does many a "sporting party" resort,
where the remains of rough built t jnts, tell of
the invincible hunter warriors, who once held
them as there own. Doubtless heroes of a
different race existed, however, ready zo dis
pute every inch of Kentucky land with
the tawuy settlers. Harrod and Boone were
distinguished anioug theui, but even they were
surpassed in bravery by men whoso matchless
skill in contest, whose ruthless ferocity and
indomitable daring were so remarkable as to be
regarded by the savages as the result of somo
fearful and supernatural agency.
The superstition acted naturally to their
detriment, and increased the power of Will
Smith, the Forest Chieftain, who, victor iu
repeated contests, they looked upon as the evit
genius of their race—au instrument of
vengeance sent by tbe Great Spirit. Their
timidity in facing so tetrible an enemy, was
the cause of an irresolution in their attacks
which usually brought defeat, and facilitated,
of course, the means of escape for the conqueror.
Sometimes, unexpectedly ou the rear of his
enemy, at others ahead of them, or iucompre
heusibly in the midst of the fray, it seeemed
indeed as though tbe warrior had a charmed
life# True it was that a spell hung on the
existence of the extraordinary tuao, who lived
under the shadow of a great and inextiu
guishable sorrow. The bitter remembrance
of tbis it was, which inciting a ceaseless desire
•if reveuge, was the secret of his restless and
sauguinary career. The blight of misery as a
plague-tuint separated him from his fellow
men. Sternly and isolated he lived, forever
haunting the war-path or the buutiug-traii of
tbe Indians, from which their bravest leaders
disappeared. Often in their bunting ex
peditions would their leader fall, surrounded
by bis braves, pierced to the heart by the
unerring bullet of the Sileut Hunter, and the
clear sharp ring of his rifle quickly following
was all the indications given tbetn of his
presence. Pursuit, search were alike un
availing—loug before either could be sue
cossfully put into requisition, be was lar beyond
the reach of their closest search.
Few among the border people approached or
ventured to address the dreaded chieftain. A
mystery surrounded him which was tbe source
of perpetual conjecture, increased by the very
circumstances which appeared to render it im
probable it should ever be solved; for this
singular being maintained a silence as uubrokeu
as though he was dumb, through which he was
commonly kuown as the "Silent Hunter."—
This appearance of sullen reserve distanced
all, and thote who otherwise would have
compassionated his sorrows, or perhaps even
shared his singular fortunes, now denounced
hitn *s a ruthless adventurer; very different
would havo beeu theii judgment oould they
havo penetrated the enigma of his solitary life,
and have known how cruelly eearred bad been
a heart onee quickened by tbe kindliest aud
liveliest emotious. Misfortune which at one
dread stroke had deprived him of his realization
of happiness an eartb, seemed to have dead*
eoed every human hope and sympathy, and i
crashed every social iuetinot within bis
Tho sou of obaoure emigrants from the Old
World, his first unbappiocas was to be left an
orphan at an early age. Tho next to be ap
prenticed to a farmer in North Carolina, a
miserable miser, who not only subjected tho
poor boy to deprivation and tbe most arduous
toils, but proved a traitor to the condition of
the indentures by which he was bound. These
included the privilege of receiving a general
school education, instead of which he was not
taught its merest ruJiuießts. Will, owing in
great part to his capacity aud inclination for
study, combined doubtless, with tbe com
parative impulse often accompanying it, resolved
nevertheless to become a scholar. Happily,
to aid his good intention, he found an in
structress whose amiability aud skill reudered
tbe ta-k of learning rather a pleasure than a
This was Mattie Saunders, the farmer's
daughter. Often W ill's eyes would un
consciously wander from the page to her earnest
blue eyes, and then would come such sweet,
gentle tones of remonstrance, that he really
could scarcely be sorry for offeuee. Iu this
studious couipauiouship as time went on, more
than letters were learned, though little did
either Matt it or Will imagiuo how important
an influence would he exercised on their
destinies by the hours which glided so swiftly
and carelessly hy. They loved uncousciously, ;
and the sweet secret of their breasts was first j
made known to them by the father of Mattie,;
who perceived the condition of affairs, and it i
was revealed to then mutual mystery. From
the time of its discovery, the most dire tyranny
not to say atrocity, was practiced by Sauuder.s
towards the poor boy.
Deprived of the very necessaries of cxisteucc,
he was driven in iLe midst of winter, to sleep
with hut a single thread-bare covering, on some ;
hay iu a barrel.
Such was the eudurance to whi.-h he bravely ]
submitted for his deal companion's sake.—
Ilis sole consolation was the sympathy ex- ;
i pressed by Mattie during his stolen interviews j
with her. She, no longer able to see poor ]
W ill, had her gentle heart lareeratcd by the I
knowledge of the peisceutiou he suffered,
without the ability of alleviating the misery of
which she knew herself to bo the louoceut Meek-spirited and tender, she was but
little fitted to oppose the unrelenting spirit ul
her father, who, having amassed a considera
ble tortune, imagined he did sufficient ior he: |
happiness by zealously guarding it. His I
daughter, even to the approach ot womanhood,
was rigorously watched, lor tbe idea of a
moneyless suitor was distracting to him.
His malignity,awakened by the affection sul
aisiiog between Mattie and Will, was inei-|
ciiessly visited upuu the forlorn orphan boy.
The pattern, heroism of love alone could havo
induced Will, naturally of a bold and defiant
temper, to yield to tbe degradiug servitude he
owned. llut to break from it was to part
from Mattie—-that thought was mere grievous
thau ail. So Le endured and hoped for long,
till the increasing severity of bondage became
unbearable. Incited by a burning indigna
tion, he resolved to escape, and stealing to
Mattie's room one night, he told her his in
tention. The child lovors hud little time to
indulge their grief—one burst of tears—one
clasped embrace, aud they parted. Ma'tie's
only cousoktion, the last words of her lover,
that "wheu he was a great man, he would
come hack and make her his litile wife."
With a few crusts aud some scraps of cloth
ing, Will set forth on his journey to the -Amer
ican Capitol. Curious vicissitudes awaited him.
His store was soon exhausted, and he was com
pelled to beg liis bread, and seek some wretch- i
ed shelter at night. Ou one occasion, he was
discovered by the excellent Judge Campbell,
who, an early riser for the charitable purpose j
of looking to the welfare of his cattle, as well !
as of his household, on visiting his stables, was
amazed to find there a pale, miserable looking |
boy, emaciated with deprivation ami hunger.--
The good old utau could not restraiu his tears,
as he said: "Never, while i have a crust must
this be." Removed to the Judge's dwelling,
for days the poor orphan vacillated between life
aud death, uuable to explain his uuhappy sit
uation, or express his gratitude to his deliver
From the time that Will Smith was received !
into the Judge's family, he was treated as one {
of its members. Through a straDgc coincidence i
the very first case met with hy tno Judge, on |
setting out ou the Circuit, was that of the Com- !
uionwoaith vs. Samuel Suuuders, unlawfully j
making away with the indentured child kuown
as Will Smith. Campbell, delighted with the
idea of retribution ou the prosecutor of his
protect, whom he loved as bis son, gave it his
immediate attention, aud coiupelkd minute iu
vostigation of every particular iu the affair.—
Tim trial was a siugukr and terrible scene.—
Campbell, severe and implacable, sat like
another Brutus, resolved for the seuteuoe
Mattie, too, the timid Mattie, was prcseut, pale,
heart-siek, aud agonized by oonfltouug leelmgs.
The uovelty of her situation, and its publicity,
were sufficient alone to overwhelm her gentle
nature, iu addition to which she had the misery
to witness her parent's disgrace, and was uis
tracted with the conviction that Will, her sole
hope and only friend, was lost to her forever.
launders, trembling and conscious, await
ed tbe verdict, which catne as a deatbknell on
liis cars, as the solemn tone of denunciation
" Guilty !" sounded through the uubrokeu
hush ot the court. At that instant the noise
of carriage wheels told au arrival, aud sent a
uiuruiunug agitation through the crowa. The
excitement was toid by.tuo eager excitement of
the people's gaz ,K> leant > he cause. Even
Mattie was i, up. i oc n.-paii
io to which sir.: i a.'.n: A - g<: > ■ .e
hope arose in her ft . . -i ■.y id
she conceive the n <rvt.ii -.j- i: A .i . b.
held one cuter she cou.u hot mistake,
but so pale, aud attenuated as w seem, indeed,
rather a spectre than a human being. But it
was her lost cue, Let well remembered com
panion, whose appearance created a sensation
impossible to disoribe. His -peiseeutor, horri
fied at the sight of what ho couccived to be au
apparitiou, swooned and was taken from the
The result was, that the conditiou of the
boy's indentures was declared by the jury to be
forfeited, and, the sorest setiQg of all to tho
uiiser—he was compelled to aid in the support i
and education of the boy until he attained his
maturity j A uew light thus broke ou the hori
zon hitherto so dark and troubled, for Will
Smith. Dilligent ia improving tho advantages
afforded Riui, before long he enjoyed the hon
orable position of n successful young barrister,
and the <fd Judge on his retirement, had the
satisfaction of seeiug his owu career renewed
in that oj his adopted son, as he listened often
iu ecsta>*o of admiration, to his brilliant, vig
orous oratory. But the most delightful tri
umph of Hi, to Will was, that he could now
claim hisjbluo-eyed Mat tie, as his own. In
defiance ttf opposition ho took her for his bride.
Years ef unalloyed happiness was the reward
of his trails and his toils. Care, sorrow and I
endurance were forgoiton, even ambition slum
bered, while he basked iu his new-found joy.
But cbmges awaited him. The noblo cou- 1
test foi freedom arose, and then all that was
elevated and unsclfiish in his nature, awoke. ■
Wealth, ease, were relinquished with the !
ready cofiseut of Mat-tie, joyful of her beloved
nt her side. Will's services in his j
country's cause were uuremitting nod effeeual. i
His sincerity was proved by the sacrifice of his
entire fortune ; tor the conclusion of hostilities
saw him p•■uriijess, the result of his hard ear
ned possession. Knergy and enterprise he
knew uuist opeHAi fresh path to progress for
The glorious lauds beyond the Alieghauies
offered the best resource, and thither he re
solved, if Mattie would accompany him, to re
pair. lie uiet wiih uo remonstrance from bis
sweet wife. Her whiteniug cheek alone told
the one pang of consent.
I'he journey was long aud arduous, but the
travoieis fouud compensation iu the stimulus of
novelly, as well as tiie charms of the lovely
soeues presented by the new fouud lauds ahead, j
bearing a semblance of civilization from tho
numerous forts and settlements that appeared.
U ill, having arrived ou the borders of the
Sinking River, deposited there his family, with
•i powerful torce iu camp as their defence, while
he, careful to secure iuttber supplies, pressed
oa to meet his frieud Boone at a giveu spot.
Six er s> only ho was absent—six eventful,
memorable days. Double loug seemed these
separations to W ill's loving heart, tor it was
'he .tifat since his marriage. i|e Lurnedly
soUgut out tun spot wtiere all that was precious
on tiie earth to him remained—consecrated as 1
home by one blessed presence. Lie perceived
with astonishment the camp broken up and the
tow remaiuing emigrants retreating.
Hastening alter tuem lie sternly demanded !
Ins wife and children of those whom he had j
constituted their guardians.
" i ou will find them where you left thorn; ask !
tho Shawnees; they can tell you the rest," was i
the reply. Traitors," exclaimed Smith
"you have neglected your trust; they are mur
dered! ' Thenwiiha sudden spring at the
throat of the hunter who had spoken, he hurled
him to the ground, and without stopping to c
the result, the wretched man returned to the
camp, lie was found there stretched on the
floor beside the lifeless remains of bis Mattie
and his children, whom he alternately embraced,
lie. then rose, aud sileutly aud with an awful
uolemuity, proceeded to work for hours, uutil
a grave WM formed, large and deep,in which he
placed side by side his treasures. Their young
est born lay ou the fair luotbet's breast, the
eldest, with the death frown on his brow, still
grasped the rifle with which he had vainly
sought to combat the deadly foe!
The miserable father having completed his
task, erected a small pile of SIOLCS where re
posed the remains of all Ids earthly bliss.
Then snatching up his rifle with one hand ho
waved a farewell to his companions, and disap
peared follow iug the track of tho Shawnees.
He never left that track. For years ho ex
hausted the hunting ground of ihe Shawnees
slaying them as they slept, or as they sat in
their leasts, or as they groped in the paths of
the forest. Gradually such numbers had fal
len uuder his terrible rifle that lie was dreaded !
as the phantom of murder, and the Shawnees j
deserted their old hauuts on the bauks of the !
Green Hirer. As the last of their canoes j
dropped down the stream, a bullet struck one j
of the crew, whn dropped iuto the water dead. '
The others looked up, and saw their fearful j
enemy retiring iuto the foiest. A simple sar- j
cophague, such as are common in Kentucky, [
marks the resting place of the "Silent Hun
ter," whose singular and melancholy history
has tuore than once lent its romantic interest
Since Mr. OWEN JONES has departed this
life, or, in other words, has taken farewell of
his repeated pledges, oral and written, to his
friends and constituents, to stand up to tho
principle without which be would still be vege
utiug at his beautiful couutry seat near Phila
delphia, "we breathe freer and deeper." We
have lost, in succession, M, DEWART,WIIO car
ried his ponderous inconsistency to Lecornp
touisin amid many protestations on the other
side; Mr. WILSON HEILLY, who went over to
the same side, after having written himself
down in the noisiest Saxon against all the
frauds in Kansas; and uow we are called upou
to separate from Mr. OWEN JONES. But we
.-tit'vive the last, as we did the others!
i curious to look back to the state of this
; t -.sTi • "iy after flie meeting of Congress.
M., uENuy M. PHILLIPS, afier making the
circle of all opinious ou this issue, and covering
himself witb pledges against it almost as think
as a Susquehanna ahad ia covered with scales;
Mr. DIMMICK, of tho "Tenth liCgiou," who is
happily recovering from & fever which threatou
.ed to take bim off almost as certainly as the
I people of tiift district will erase him in October,
j aud wbo.infoimcd the writer of this article, a
[ few days before ho went over with his flhg furl-
Ed, that himself and eleven other Pennsylvania
Democrats in the House iutended to stand by
the Cincinnati Plaiform on this question, not to
speak of Dr. AHL (whoso brother did not get
all j but a good many of the mules so necessary
to carry burdens in the Utah war,' —these gen
tlemen made up ihe early portion of the flying
artillery, and these, including the illustrious
have left to the cause of the people three
gallant men who now stand in the House,
representing not only the intellect of our!
delegation, but its courage and its firmuess
too. Wo allude to HENRY CHAPMAN, of j
Sucks, JOHN HICKMAN, of Chester, and WM. j
MONTGOMERY, of Washington—three men fit i
to occupy any positions. Leaders in their pro
fession, leaders on the stump, eacu, beloved
in his home circle, and all resolved to stand
by the true flag to the last. The meu who now
stand forward in the House, refusing the
bribes of power and disregarding the arro
gance ot the Leeomptonites, will not be for
gotten by the Democratic party or the coun
try. JOHN B. HASKIN, of New York, has
earned enduring fame by his frank, fearless,
and uudoubtiug integrity throughout all
this struggle. HORACE P. CLARK, the able
aud accomplished member from the city of New
York, has thrown the weight of his energetic
character aud varied abilities on the vide of the
people, while the lone star of Indiana, John
G. Davis, the heroic delegation from liliuois,
headed by the galiaut and gifted soldier aud
gentleman, Major Thomas L. Harris, inclu
ding others no less deserving of praise and en
couragement, constitute a phalaux which can
no louger he weakened or broken. We can
not doubt, that the people at their uext Con
gressional eieotious will put the seal of ap- j
probation upon every one of those intrepid
heroes of priuuipde. In the Senate, co
operating with Stephen A. Douglas, we find
Charles K. Stuart, of Miehigau, whose skill,
fearlessness, aud great expeneuce have baftUd
the machinations of tiie ablest opponents of the
good cause, and David C. Broderick, of Cali
fornia, who, couiiug to Washiugtou in Decem
ber almost a strauger, has, by the force of his
character, and the B teru integrity of his pur
poses, won the love of many ami the respect
of all. These are the men who have in keep
ing the pledge and the principle which gave
us the Presidency in 1&66. They have thus
far nobly defeuded them, and we predict that
they will guard them heroically to the hitter j
c uvi ia press
Our readers will remember the few extracts
we published lately from the Speech of Seua
tor HAMMOND, of South Carolina, in which the
Working Meu of the Free States were stigma
tised as "white slaves," because they were
Working Meu. This Democratic Senator is so
aristocratic that he looks upon Labor as degra
ding, and upon the uiau who works, not only as
a slave, but only fit for a slave. Well, this
Speech—this beautiful specimen of Southern
Democracy—happeued to fall under the eye of
one of the Senator's relatives, residing in .Phil
adelphia, who thus replies to it through the
columns of Mr. FORNEY'S paper:
To the Editor oj the Press :—Some eighty
years ago, the Senator's branch of the Ham
uioud family were residents of the county of
Worcester, Massachusetts, subsequent to which
date the present Senator's father removed to
South Carolina, and, like most emigrants of
olden time, his ability to labor with head and
bands constituted his only capital, and, for the
ci edit of "white Northern slaves," it cannot
be denied thai he made a most excelleut use of
both. The sister of this bard woiking, adven
turous son, was the grandmother of the writer
of this article. A number of the honorable Sen
ator's cousins now reside in the Stato of New
York, aud the uumerous descenucuts of the
Hammond family are scattered over most of
the Northern States.
Although many of the honorable Senator's
would be "white slave branch" of the Ham
mond family are, from their abuudant means,
not more likely to come to want than the hon- i
orable Senator himself, yet they are not ashamed j
of those from whom they sprung. They have no
desire to braud even the Southern branch of
the family, who have been reared among slaves,
as slaves, nor are they ashamed to earn their
bread by the labor of their hands. Although i
they have not been reared in the suuny South, !
with African slaves as companions, and the j
children of African slaves as playmates, yet 1
they cannot envy the head or the heart of that i
msn who can staud up iu the United States
Senate, aud brand his kiuumeu and those from
whom lie sprung as slaves.
Neither will the Northern "white slaves" 1
brauch of the honorable Seuator's family allow
bim to staud up as their expoueut while he con
tinues to advocate the "Lecompton swiudle,"
which to the knowledge of the winter is not
eudorsed by a single member of the Northern
branch of the honorable Senator's "white slave"
family. H.
Peun Square, Philadelphia, April 19th,
On Saturday week, a young lady named Har
liet Seidler, was shot at Theresa, Dodge,
county, Wisconsin, by hor lover, a young mau
named liobert Schmidt. The young woman
was tweuty years of age. They were engaged
to 1m married, and Schmidt had come over from
St. Paul, Van Buren couuty, Michigan, to
fulfil the engagement, but the parents of
the youug lady objected, in consequence of
which it was arrauged between the lovers that
Schmidt should first shoot her aud then himself.
He exeooted his designs so far ne the young
lady was conoerned, but failed to shoot himself
on aooount of the loss of tho cap of his gun.
VOL 31, NO. 20.
After failiug in chid be ran and jumped into
the river to drowa himself, but was rescued.
He bis DOW arrested, and awaits a trial. The
charge, which was hue shot, eotered the left
breast of the young lady, and inflicted a
horrible wound, of which she expired Sunday
morning. She had her senses up to the last,
and charged her parents with being responsible
for the awful deed, and acquitted her lover of
all blame. The parties, as their names indi
cate, were Germans.
Among the "contingent expenses" of the
National House of Representatives far 1857,
may be found charged the following articles:—
Knives, 4,479 $6,828 00
Scissors, 669 7U
Candles, J 057 50-
Propelling Pencils, 600 00
Two flags, 100 00
Dressing cases, 645 50
Odor cases! !! 121 50
Cigar cases ! ! ! 97 50
Ladies' reticules, 242 00
Portfolios, 1997 83
Albums, plain and illuminated, 232 00
Suuff, 24 00
Yesta taper boxes, 70 50
Card cases, 177 00
English traveling cases, 155 00
English despatch boxes, 75 00
Faucy inkstands, 635 92
Dialer's do 228 00
English do • 114 72
Desk do 30 00
Ladies' do 288 50
Plaiu do 150 0U
Cut do 291 00
French do 52 GO
Pump do 18 00
Screw do 84 00'
Ladies' Porteuaooaies, 347 00-
Pearl shopping tablets, 247 00
Buckskin purses, 70 00
Pocket books, 8> 00
Ladies' Companion, 101 Co
If there be not ten thousand seaen- hundred
and sixty-two dollars and niuety-seron cent*
expended for crinoiino in the contingent* of the
House in 1858, let us live in hope, and believe
that with the progress of Coleridgeian art, iu
the year 1859 or iB6O that sum may he laid
out by members for the beautifioation and beati
fication of (heir wives and daughters' apparel.
Certainly the appropriations should . not slop
with albums, reticules,shoppiug-tablets, porlo
mouuaies, etc., but should, with special sub
limity, rise to the adorumeut of the entire fem
inine person, giviug it, at the public expense,
that circular glory which rivals both the uitn
bus of the dawn anu the tracks of the midnight
Mr, English's Kansas Dili.
Whereas, the people of Kansas did by a
convention of delegates, assembled at Le
comptoo, on the 7th day of November, 1857,.
for that purpose, form tor themselves a con
stitution and State government, which consti
tution Is republican in form.
Aud whereas, at the same time and place
the said couveutiou did adopt un ordinance,
which said ordinance asserts that Kansas, when
admitted as a State, will have the undoubted
right to tax lands within ber limits, belonging
to the United States; and proposes to relin
quish the said asserted right, if certain condi
tions set forth in said ordinance be accepted
aud agreed to by the Congress of the Uuitcd
And whereas, Tue said constitution and or
dinance have been presented to Congress by the
order of the said couvciition, and admission of
the said territory into the Union thereon, as a
State, is requested
Aud whereas, the said ordinance is not ac
ceptable to Congress, and it is desirable to as
certain whether the people of Kansas coucur in
the cuaDges in said ordinance hereinafter sta
ted, and desire admission into the Union as a
State, as herein proposed.
Therefore, be it enacted, &c. r That the State
of Kansas be, aud is hereby, admitted into the
Uniou ou an equal footing with the original
States, in ail respects whatsoever, but upon
this fundamental condition of precedent, name
ly, that the question of admission with the fol
lowing proposition, in lieu of the ordinance
framed at Lecomptou, be submitted to the vote
of tbe people of Kansas, and asserted to by
tbem or a majority of tbe voters votiog at the
electiou to be hold for that purpose, namely,
that tbe following propositions he, aud the saute
arc hereby, offered to the said people of Kan
sas for their free acceptance or rejection,
which, if accepted, shall be obligatory upon lb#
Uuitcd States and upon the said State of Kan
sas, to wit:
First—That sections numbered sixteen and
thirty-six in every township of public lauds iu
said State, aud where either of said sections,
or any part thereof, has been sold or otherwiso
disposed of, other lauds, equivalent thereto,
ami as contiguous as may be, shall be granted
to the said State for the use of schools.
Second—That seventy-two sections of laud
shall be set apart aud reserved for the use and
support of a State University, to be selected
by the Governor of said State, subject to (he
approval of tbe Commissioner of the General
Laud Office, aud to be appropriated aud applied
in such manner as the Legislature of tbe said
State may prescribe for tbe purpose aforesaid,
but for no other purpose*
Third— That ten entire sections of laud, to
be selected by the Governor of said B'tate, in
legal subdivisions, shall bo gruuted to said
State, for the purpose of completing the public
buildings, or for the erecum of others at tho
scat of government, under the direction of the'
Legislature thereof.
Fourth—That all tbe salt springs within lh
gaid State, not exceeding twelve in number,,
with six section! of land adjoining, or as con
tiguous as may be to each* shall bo granted H