Bedford inquirer. (Bedford, Pa.) 1857-1884, March 19, 1858, Image 1

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From the American Agricultural.
Household and Barn Cats.
Did anybody ever hare an honest house cat!
That is to sav: a cat that would not steal cream
when she could get into the tuilk-rooiu, orbut
tety; or the moment the meat-closet door was
open, would not sltp iu and plunder the dishes!
If so, we never yet heard of it. We have had
- to iry cats in our lifetime, for mouse-catching
about the bouse. They did catch mice, to be
sure, hut where they caught one 'mouse, they
cannot half-a-dozen little singing bints.or chick
ens, plundered and committed their uuisance?
all over the house, meantime, and let the rats
—alone. A trap, cr two, or a few doses of poi
-iri would do up the mouse business better, and
more promptly the cats we could get,
nut together, and therefore, we long ago put
tiiem out oi the house, and got rid of their an
noyance. Still women, especially young girls,
and uiisehieveous children who waut something
to pull and a lid haul about, must have a cat or
two, and their indispensable appendages, a lot
of scorched-backed, dirty, soot-stained kittens.
We are not about to dispute with them on the
Mi hi sot of taste in such companionship yf pets,
i.ut to enter our protest, with all good house
keepers and mothers, against cultivating a lik
■ for such treacherous and unreliable house
A barn cat—at the stock and grain barn —a
-tout, undeniable ten-pound grimalkin, howev
er, is qnite another matter. We like him 01
Uer, or both, as the case may be. These wili
usually catcii rats —mice always —and will fol
-1 iv litem over the beauts into the mows, and
hunt them constantly. Old Sam, as the boys
•• ill him, during the Winter season is always
•-, •! : . tid." A" tmikius time lie follows tha
herdsman round the stable, aud when be has
had bis breakfast of milk, which is always
served in a little disiu at one end of the cows
-rails, he. goes about bis business. Biddy, too
' —for he has a wife most of the time—shares
his meals, hunts mice regularly, and now and
then hears a litter of respousibilties, which go
—somewhere —we don't ask about them —and
our barn cat stock increase no further. When
Spring comes, and the stock are turned out,
they go into the fields, or wools, and are sel
dom seen, till cold drives them iu, or the re
turn of barn vermin invites theni They have
no taste for the house, won't go there, and woe
be to the woman or child who puts a hand oil
them ; scarred fingers and scratched faces are
sure to follow. The only re al trouble we have
with tiieui is, when t-bey come within reach of
the terriers, and then is a muss at ouoe. Sam
aud Bidey's fur is sure to fly, while Jack and
Nelly are equally sure to wear marks of deci
ded feline discipline on their faoes for long days
afterwards. Both parties claim jurisdiction of
burn, aud stables, and while they both do good
service in their line, each equally hates the oth
er with the intensity of a commou enemy.
Among younger readers, and perhaps older ones
who are new hands at cultivation, there seems
to be incorect in regard to propagatiug
plants from seed. Thus, for example, we have
irequeut applications for seeds of Blackberries,
Raspberries, Strawberries, Currants, Gooseber
ries, Grapes, Apples, Pears, Plums, Cherries,
Quinces. &o , to say nothing of Rhubarb, and
of Dahlias, Double Petunias, Camellias, Roses,
Verbenas, Geraniums, Fuchsias, Chrysanthe
mums, and various other flowers, of which the
true kinds are only propagated from cuttings,
suckers, roots, buds, or grafts.
Mow, though all the above natued and others,
may be grown from seed,and indeed are so grown
to produce new varieties, yet they all sport , that
is, the seed from a single specimen of any vari
ety of the above plants of trees, whether good
or bad, is quite apt to produce half a dozen or
more varieties, generally all different from the
parent, aud usually inferior to it.
Suppose a hundred seeds from the same ap
ple tiee, be planted and grown into a hundred
trees ; it is quite likely that the fruit on no one
'A the new trees will resemble that of the pa
reut stock. One or more may chance to be su
perior. In this case, au improved variety is
obtained which is afterwards propagated by
grafting or budding. The other fruits, the ber
ry plants, &c., which we have named, follow
the same rule.
Persons oftcu devote their whole lives to ex
periments upon seeds, in an effort to obtain a
Dew valuable variety, and tbey often feel re
warded if only one in many thousands of expe
riments prove successful. We know a gentle
man who has been planting strawberry seeds,
for fifteen or twenty years, but while he has
grown thonsands of varieties only to throw them
away, when the fruit is seen, be has not chanc
ed to obtain more than one or two kinds which
deems sufficiently valuable to continue their
propagation by runners or roots.— -lb.
OUR .SINGING BIRDS.—This ie the month
which brings back oar annual songsters from
the warm aud shady groves of the tropics where
the most of them spend their Winter "season"
—gay, frolicking things that they are, loving
fuu and hilarity, quite as well, and enjoying
them*eivos much more sensible than a great
majority of as who boast the higher intelligence
of humanity. Lot the wren and the blue-bird,
the mart it,, and the swallow boxes all be in tbeir
places, If you have th*ui not, stick up a lot of
oyster kegs—everybody baa or can get them,
jtow a-days—iu the trees for the wrens and
Hue-birds, put up sundry little shelves—a bit
A Weekly Paper, Devoted to Literature, Politics, the Arts, Sciences, Agriculture, &c., &c—Terras: One Dollar and Fifty Cents in Advance.
of rough board eight inches square will do—
for the phebes in the wood-houso or back porch
aud have a nice well painted box for the mar
tins. The swallows will take care of then
selves under the barn, and stable eaves, througl
the air boles in the gables, under the edge o!
the roof inside ou the rafters. The more of ah
these filings you have about you, the better.—
They cheer up tho husbandman, please tin
housewife, gladden the children, and make eve
erything seem happy and joyful.
The tree aud the forest birds will be along
also. The meadow lark, the robiu, thrush, and
blackbird amoug the larger shade tree.-, and the
orchard; aud, best loved of all, tho sweet little
song sparrow iu its quaker-brown coat, opening
his music-tilled throat iu the honeysuckle, lilac
bush under the window, where it attends tj
uestle for the Summer. Let not a gun, or ati
idle boy with murderous intent be about your
premises. These joyous little birds arc amonc
our best, benefactors. We may sometimes be
annoyed by what we thoughtlessly considoi
their depredations ; but they are "toilliug"
their sharo of the fruits, which their labors in
destroying the innumerable tribe of insects that
would otherwise have preyed upon theiu, here
after entitle tLem to. Spare then the birds,
and invite them to stay with and return to you
every Spring with their delightful companion
I wituessed a short time ago, in oue of our
higher courts, a beautiful illustration of the
simplicity and power of truth. A little girl
nine years of age offered as a witness
against the prisoner who was on trial for felo
ny committed in her fathei's house. 'Now
Emily,' said the counsel for the prisoner, upon
her being offered as a witness, '1 desire to un
derstand tf yon know the nature of an oath?'
'1 dou'i know what you bean,' was the sim
ple answer.
'There, your honor,' said the counsel, ad
dressing the court,'is anything further neces
sary to demonstrate the validity of my objec
tions? This witness should be rejected. Bho
does uot comprehend the nature of an oath.*
'Let us see,' said tb judge; 'Come here my
Assured by the kind tone and manner of the
judge, the child stepped towards bitn, and look
ed confidently up in his tace with a calm clear
eve, and in a manner so artless and frank, that
it went straight, to the heart.
'Did you ever take an oath?' inquired the
The iittle girl stepped back with a look of
horror, nnd the red blocd mantled in a blush
all over her face and neck, as she answered,
'no sir.' She thought be intended to inquire if
she bad ever blasphemed.
'I do not mean that,' said the judge, who
saw her mistake. 'I mean were you ever a
witness before?'
•No. sir, 1 never was in court before.' He
handed her a Bible open.
'Do you know that book lay daughter?'
She looked at it aud answered, 'Yes sir; it
is a Bible.'
'Do you ever read it?' be asked.
'Yes sir; every evening.'
'Can you tell me what the Bible is?' inquired
the judge.
'lt is the word of the great God,' she an
'Well, place your hand upon this Bible, and
listen to what I say; aud he repeated slowly
and solemnly the oath usually administered to
witnesses. 'Now said the judge, 'you have
been sworn as a witness, will you tell uie what
will befall you if you do not teH the truth?'
'[ shall be shut up in the State prison,' an
swered the child.
'Anything else?' asked the judge.
'I shall never go to Heaven,' she replied.
'How d j you know V asked the judge
The child took the Bible, and turning rap
id'y to the chapter containing the command
ments piointcd to the injunction, 'Thou shall
not bear false witness against thy neighbor.'
'1 learned that,' she said, before I could real.
'Has any oue talked with you about your
being a witness in court here uguinst this man?
inquired the judge.
'Yea sir,' she replied. 'My mother heard
they wanted mo to be a witness, and last uighl
she called me to her roout and asked nie tc
tell her the ten commandments, and then wr
kneeled down together, and she prayed that 1
might understand how wicked it was to bear
false witness, and that God would help me, a
little child to tell the truth, as it wero before
him. And when 1 eaoao up here with father,
she kissed me and told me to remember the
ninth commandment, and that God would hear
every word I said*'
'Do you believe this?' asked the judgo while
a tear glistened in his eye, and his lips quiver
ed with emotion.
'Yes sir,' said the girl with a voice and man
ner that showed her conviction of the truth
was perfect.
'GocLbless you my child,' said the- judge
'you have a good mother. This witness is com
petent,'he oontinuod. 'Were lon trial foi
my life, and innocent of the charge against me,
I would pray God for such a witness as this—■
Let her be examined.' ,
She told her story with the simplicity of 8
ohild, as she was, but there was a directness
about it whioh carried oooviction of its truth
to every heart. She was rigidly croes-exarai
nod. The counsel plied her with infinite ami
ingenious questioning, but she varied from hei
first statement in nothing. The truth, as spo
ken by that child, was sublime. Falsehood
and perjury bad preceded her testimony. Tin
prisoner bad jntrenohed himself in lies, until h<
deemed himself impregnable. Witnesses hac
falsified facts in his favor, and villainy hac
manufactured for birn a sham defence, but be
fore her testimony, falsehood was scattered
like ohaff. Ths little child r for whom A moth
er bad prayed for strength to be given ber tc
speak the truth as it was before God, broke f
the cunuing devices of matured villainy to pie
ces like a potter's vessel. The strength that [
the mother had prayed for was given her, the i
sublime and terrible simplicity (terrible I mean
to the prisoner nd his perjured associates,)
with which she spoke was like a revelation
from God himself.
Mr. Goodrich, (Peter Parley) in bis •'llec
olleotions of a Lifetime," thus depicts the life
of his youth in New England:
"Money was scarce, wages being about 50
cent 3 a day, these were generally paid io meal,
vegetables, and other articles of use—seldom
in money. There was not a factory of auy
kind in the place. Tbcro was a butcher, but
he only weut from house to house to slaughter
the cattle and swiua of his neighbors: there
was a tanner, but he only dressed othfl# peo
ple's skins; there was a clothier, but ho gene
rally fulled and dressed other people's cloth.
Even dying blue a portion of the wool, so ar :
to make linsey woolsey for short gowas, aprons
and blue mixed stockings—vital necessities in
those days, wus a domestic operativu. Dur- '
ing the autumn a Cye tub in the chimney cor
ker— thus placed so as to be cherished by the
genial heat—was as familiar in all thrifty
houses as the Bible or the back log. It was
covered with a board, and a cosy seat iu the j
wide-niouthed fire place, especially of a ohiil ;
evening. * * * * *
Our bread was of rye, tinged with Indian
met!. Wheat bread was reserved for the sac
rament and company. * * *
All the vegetables came from our garden and
farm. The fuel was supplied by our own
woods—sweet-scented hickory, snapping chest
nut, odoriferous oak and reeking, ti2ziiug ash.
* * * Sugv was partially
supplied by our maple trees. These were tap
ped in March, the sap being collected and boil
ed dowu in the woods. This was wholly a do
mestic operation, and one iu which all the
children rejoiced. * * * *
Hum was largely cousumed, bnt our distille
ries had scarcely begun. A half a ipiut of it
was givcu, as a matter of course, fdevery day
laborer, more particularly iu the summer seas
on. Iu all families, rich and poor, it was of
fered to male visitors as an esseutial to hospi-'
tality, or even good WofcflUb ' % r >s£g'
pardon —ladies, took their schnapps, then cal
led 'Hopkiu's Elixir,' which was the uiost de
licious and seductive means of gettiug tipsy
that has been invented. Crying babies were
sileuced with hot toddy, then tsteemed an iu
iallible remedy for wiud on the stomach. Ev
ery man uubibed his morning draiu, and this
was esteemed temperance, lltere is a story of
a preacher about those days, who thus lectured
his parish:—'l say nothing, my beloved breth
ren, agaiust taking a lrttlu bitters belore
breakfast, especially if you are used to it.—
What I couteud agaiust is this dramming,
dramming, dramming, at all hours of the day.
We raised our own flax, rotted it, hackled it,
dressed it aud spuu it. The little wheel, turn
ed by the foot, had its place, and was as fa
miliar as if it had bceu one of the family.—
The wool was also spun in the family, partially
by my sisters, and partially by Molly Gregory,
daughter of our uoighbor, the town earpculer.
1 remember her well, as she sung and spun,
aloft in the attic. In those days church sing
ing Was one of the fine arts—the only one, in
deed, which flourished in Ilidgeficld, except
the music of the drum and file. The choir
was divided into four parts, laugiug on three
tides of the meeting house gallery. *
Twice a year, that is, in the spring and au
tumn, the tailor caure to the bouse and fabrica"
led the semi-auuuul stock of clothes for the
male members—this being called whipping the
cat. Mantua makers and urilleners came iu
their turn, to fit out the female members of
the family. There was a similar process as to
boots and shoes.
"At the period of uiy earliest recollection,
men of all classes were dressed in long, broad
tailed coats with huge pockets, long waist
coats aud breeches. Low crowned hats with
broad rims—seme so wide as to be supported
at the sides with cords. The stockings of the
parson, aud a few others, were of silk in sum
mer and worsted in winter; those of the people
weie generally of wool, and of blue apd gray
mixed Women dressed in wide bonnets—
sometimes of straw aud sometimes of silk: tiro
gowns were of silk, muslin, gingham, &e.—
generally short waisted, the breast and shoul
ders being covered by a full muslin kerchief.
Girls ornamented themselves with a large white
Vandyke. * * * * *
Tavern haunting, especially in tho winter,
when there was little to do, was common, oven
with tespeotable farmers. Marriages wore cel
ebrated in the eveuing, at the house of th<
bride, with a general gathering of the neigh
borhood, and usually wound up by dancing. -
EveryboJy went as to a public exhibitior
wituout iuvitation. Funerals generally dre
large processions, which proceeded to ti
grave. Here the minister always made an a
dress suited to the occas'ion. -If there vs
anything remarkable iu the history of tho o
eeased, it was turned to religious acoouuin
the next Sunday's sermon. Singing ureetifs,
to practice church music, were c great rort
for the young in winter. * * *
Balls at the taverns were frequented b the
young; the ohildron of deacons and mio*ers
attended, though the parents did cot. The
winter brought sleigbing, skating, aod'haisu
al round of in doorsports."
The mind of scholars are libra'ies; tbos of
antiquaries, lumber-rooms; thesr of sportmen,
kennels; those of epicures, lardare and ceirrs.
(Jouimor sense has beoome such a rare om
■ piodity, mat the world has entered into a U
oit compact to live without it.
A correspondent of the Missouri Republi
can writes that last summer he was at Nau
voo, asd conversed with Mr. Bitomao, who is
married to Joe Smith's widow. He says: I
sat at the table with the family consisting of
Mr. Ritoman and wife, and three sons of Joe
Smith, the eldest about tweuty-tbree or twen
ty-four, the second about tweuty, the third a
lad of some twelve or thiiteeu years. From
Mr. BJtpuiun I learned that not one of the
j family believed in Mormouism, and that his
■ wife, formerly Mrs. Smith, had always been
opposddto it, as well as the boys. I was told
that J< 6 Smith prophesied some two years be
fore this young lad was born, that a son was to
be botif lo him at or about a certain time; that
at the time stated bis wife did give birth
to a scst. At tbat time he also stated that his
son's name would be David, not Joe, and tbat
is the lauue of the lad, for I heard him answer j
jto it. Joe also said tbat bis mautle of great- !
uess aid piopbecy would fall upon this son !
| aud ijneai heir, David, who, as he stated, j
would be as wise and powerful as David of old. !
; The fatt of the birth of this child following i
: accordto Joe's prophecy strengthened tbe i
belief thiit had alread)'so strong a hold upon j
his followers. Mrs. Ritoman is a masculine, !
imeiligtut looking lady, of torty-five or forty- I
seveu years. She is a native of New York.—
She has a spleudid farm near Nauvoo, which is
uuuagJ by the two eldest sous, while David
I goes to(school. About the two oldest there is
liothiiigjfemarkabie to be seeu. They are ia
teliigeuf men, of large size, but have nothing j
jiu their; appearance betokening them to be
! prophet! or 'sons of a prophet.* To their
mother ttcy are said to be very much attach
|ed and tAy kind. David is an uncommonly
intelligent lad, of massive foreliead, and bright
| expressive eyes. His step father intimated
that he fires as little about Mot moos aud Mor- I
mouistnjte one that has never heard the uatues
• uoiwiibjpindiug that thousands of the follow
ers of Jlt lather beiieve iriui to bo a great high
priest, abrophet and seer, (in embryo,) &e.—
lie kirtm that they worship his name equal to
that Christ; aud yet, 1 am told, the
lad is lo|niflligeut to allow it to make auy
impress^upou him. Probably the fact of ali
, the famjly being unbelievers in it is the cause,
j The tqßovjug incident 1 learned from a geu
; at Nauvoo: That when Joe
' wi,J kiTbi in jail, seme fifteen miles front his !
a'Ld ~CXn: "took ,
I body, and to prevent the rabble from getting !
it, they raised the floor of the dining room, and j
digging a grave, buried his remains there,!
' where tiny still remain. This story, whether
\ true or ipt, is generally believed in Nauvoo.
TION. — Pome nights ago a number of youDg
:ueu iu >ev York, while on their way home,
came areas a seedy looking individual, per
fectry insensible from the effects of liquor,
i stretched at full length upon the sidewalk.—
Their fuids were quite exhausted, and how to
i 'raise tie wind' had for some time beeu a tuat
i ter of dscussion.
Two <f ihe party, more feeling than thereat,
proposet to set the man upon a stoop, aud ac
| cordingb laid hold of him with that intent,
j when til proceeding was put a stop to by
another proposition, which was to hag the
! drunker loafer and sell him to the doctors at a j
1 tuedicabollege. This idea struck ail hands j
| very fabrahly, A bag was procured, the in- i
ebriatellipped into the sack and borne upou !
j the sholders of the party to the college.— !
: 'lhe dotor answered the summons at the bell
; and deiauded what was wanted, the spokes
: man sal, 'Doctor, we have got a stiff for you.' '
■J J'bc Diftor asked but few questions, and paid J
| §5 for he 'stiff,' that beiug the sum required. '
The sai, with its contents, was deposited in ;
the ha and the follows had taken their de- j
partor/ wheu the loafer, who had beeu thrown
in ratlr au uncomfortable position, attracted j
j the d por's attcntiou just as he was about clo- j
■ sing tli door. He at ouce perceived that the
' ■ man va alive. 'All right,' said the spokes- !
! man "ou've got him now, and yon cau kill i
I hiuiwbc you want him.' The doctor saw
| : tbathehad been sold, aud pocketed the joke;
j butunbrtunately there was a hole in his posk
[ j et,and the joke leaked out.
DAY THAT DEBT.—It is a small one and ap
. prently rust worth a serious thought. Why
) irt tliei pay it? Why be compelled to suffer
. te mo'tification of a dun? Why not take that
. Itle tlorn out of your finger?- It will fester
, : alioved to emaia aud cause tcu times the
• rouble. Why not relieve the couscieuce of
hat lit lc load? You will feel the better for
, it by so doing. You contracted the debtknow-
ingly and willingly. Did yon not mean to pay
-it? Then why not do it once? Every day's
delay increases morally the amount of the obli
gation. Remember, too, that your little debt,
and a thousand other men's little debts, make
a little fortune for your oreditoi; or they ena
ble him to pay his larger debts, or feed his
workmen and keep his machinery a-going in
times like these. Don't you see how it is 7
You do? Well, then, remit the amount at once
and to-night the ghost of that debt will net
trouble your dreams.
'Yon'ue no Wife I Believe said Mr. Blank
to his neighbor. 'No, sir,' was the reply, 'I
never was married.' 'Ah,' said Mr. Blank,
'you are & happy dog!' A short time after, Mr.
Blank, in addressing a married man, said,
'You have a wife, sir?' 'Yes, sir—& wife aud
three children.' 'lndeed,' said Mr. Blank,
'you are u happy man!' 'Why, Mr. Blauk,'
said one of the company, 'your remarks to the
unmarried and the marrigd seem to confliot
somewhat.' 'Not at all—not at all, sir. There
is A difference in my statements. Please be
more obse.viDg, sir. I said the man wuo had
no wife WAS a 'happy dog, and the man who
had a wife was 'a happy man "
At a party one evening, several contested
t£a honor of having done tbe most extraordin
ary thing; and a Reverend gentleman was ap
pointed sole judge of their respective preten
One party produced his tailor's bill with a
receipt attached to it. A buzz went through
tee room that tfiis could Dot be outdone when a
second proved that he had arrested his tailor
tor money loaned him.
palm is his," was the general cry, but
a third put io his claim;
"Gentlemen," said he, "i canuot boast of
the feats of either of my predecessors, but I
have returned to the owners two umbrellas that
they left at my house."
'l'll hear no more,' cried the astonished ar-j
biter; this is the very n-t plus ullrn of honesty ;
j and unheard of deeds; it is an act of virtue of
i which I never knew one capable. The prize i
I is—"
j "Hold." said another, I've done more than j
| that."
j "Impossible," said the whole ccmpauy, "but!
i let us bear it."
'l've beeu taking my county paper for twen- j
;ty years, and paid every year tor it in ad
j vauoe.'
! most singular occurrence transpired, a few days j
j since, ou the Baltimore and Philadelphia Rail- j
; road. Mr. Thomas S. Higgiu.% of Eikton, I
| took toe uight train of cars for Baltimore, aud j
feeling quite drowsy, entered the smoking car, j
laid down ou a bench and weDt to sleep i
W bilst the train was passing over theGuupow- i
der river, l.e dreamed that his house was on ;
fire, aud acting under the influence of this j
dream, lie sprang up, rau out of the car, aud |
i jumped from the piatfonn. He landed on the !
tressel war* tbat supports ihe bridge, and, in
his efforts to catch himseil, h;5 right arm was
caught by the train aud shockingly crumbed.—
He was then in a peiileus situation, being
partly immersed in water, with nothing but his
hold by Lis left arm upon the bridge to sus
tain him, whilst he was suffering agony
trom his crushed arui. In this helpless condi
tion he rcuiuiued nearly thirty miuutes, when
his groans attracted the atteutiou of the bridge
tender, who hastened to his assistance. He
i was removed to a place of safety, and returned
, hema iu the fir-:, irna. lis. Traad- j
j well were colied in and found it" accessary to i
amputate the limb. He now lives in a critical 1
I condition, but his physicians have no doubt of j
his recovery.— Baltimore American.
The editor of the Plymouth (III.) Locomo
tive, who was a printer in the same office in
which Bayard Taylor served his time, tellssoice
interesting reminiscences of the great traveler:
We had the honor to succeed him in cur
devilship in the Village Record office, West
chester County, Pa. W"o well remember when
• he started out on his first tramp, with his small
; satchel containing a change or two of lineu, aud
fifty eeuts capital. The apprentices in those
days had to carry the papers through the coun
try on horseback, aud cur route was just past
; his father's houe. \\ edo uot know of a sin- '
j gie time, through rain or shine, that old Mr. 1
i Taylor did not im>et us at the end of the lane
! with a happy- smile, wishing us a good day, and
as we would hand him the Weekly Record, he
1 would remark, 'a fair exchange is no robbery,'
filling one side of our saddlebags with nice ap
ples and grapes. He used to inquire anxiously
; after Bayard, and said, ke liked to ramble
| about too much; he is not steady enough.'
Little he knew then that his son Bayard, the
printer's apprentice, would one day he quoted
as the greatest travelling historian that Ameri
ca could boast of. *
AMUSING EIUTAPHS.—The following is from
a graveyard iu Massachusetts:—
"Hare lies the bodies of Johu and Lucy Leaveu, j
Killed by lightning sent from Heaven,
In 1777."
T n St. Mary's Churchyard, Whittlesea, En
! gland, is the following:—
"Here lie the bodies of Elizabeth Addison
Her son,
And oid Roger to come."
'Old Roger' was her husband, it seems, aud
nearly tweuty years afterwards, when a trav- J
eller visited the place was still living.
The following may be seen conspicuously
inscribed on a board stuck up on a tree, on the '
bank of Benson creek, in one of the western ;
"Beneath this ttee lies young Billy Kuuning
Who was butted to death by our old bob tail
The old ram,
B dam,
To another world was sent,
The cars over him done went."
says : Fight hard agaainst a hasty temper.— !
Anger will cotue —but resist it stoutly. A
spark may set a house oa fire. A fit of pas- ;
sion may give you cause to mourn all the days
of your life. If you have an enemy, act kind- j
ly to him and make him your friend. You
uiay not win hiui over at ouce, but try again. 1
Let one kindness be followed by auotber, till ;
you have accomplished your end. By little
and by little, great thiugs are accomplished, j
What ever you do, do it willingly. A boy
that is whipped to school, never learns his les
son well. A man that is compelled to work,
cares not how badly it is performed. He that
pulls off his coat oheerlully, strips up his sleeves !
iu earnest, and sings while he works, is th - man j
for me.
VOL 31, NO. 12.
. | Ihe system of canvassing and electioneering,
! as it is cairied on in the Southwest, affords
much tiiar is arou-sing as well as instructive
' We find iu tbe "Editor's drawer" of Harper
j for December, a iich joke laid to have occured
| in a canvass in Tenuessee, between toe Hon.
j Cave Johnson, and Maj. Gust. A. Henry. As
the story runs, Maj. H.; in reply to an allusion
;of his opponent as to his manner of shaking
i hands, said:
| "I Will tell you a little anecdote illustrative
jof the peculiar electioneering abilities of hon
. 'T ral ' le Mend in his intercourse with our intel
! h " ent constituents. We were canvassing in a
j remote part of the district, and, having an ap
, pomtineut to apeak uear the bouse of au influ
ential bqutre we spent tbe previous night at bis
- house together. It was well known that the
Squire controlled all the voiesin that precinct
| and that bis better half controlled him, so that
| it was au important to get ou the right side of
her. We had agreed Dot to electioneer with
j the Squire while we staid with him but I did
- l h'nk this forbade me to do my best with
his lamiiy. S 0 1 rose about day-break the next
! morning, and thinking that I should make
I trien(is w 't!' 'he mistress by bringing SO me
j water to cook tLe breakfast, I took a bucket
j and started off for the spring, I was tripping
j off ou 'a light fantastic toe,' singing merrily as
| 1 went along, when, what oa eaith should 1
• see, as I looked into tbe yard, but the old lady
j milking the cow, while my honorable falend
J with his face ruddy with morning exeicise, and
bis looks streaming in the breeze, was holding
the cow by the tail! I saw iu an instant that
ihe had the start of me. I returned to the house
I discomfited, and abandoned all hopes of getting
a vote in that region."
Never taste an atom when you are not hun
gry, it is suicidal.
Never .stop to talk in a church aisle after
service is over.
Never hire servants who go i D pairs, as sis
ters, cousins, or anything else.
Never speak of your father as the 'old
Never speak euntemptuously of woman kind
j j. one who was once tour bosom
] tnend, however bitffer now.
Never smile at the expense of your religion
! or your Bible. 6
t Never stand at tbe corner of the street
Never take a second nap
Never eat a hearty supper.
Never iusult poverty.
Never eat between meals.
yourself as great a fool as your antagonist.
The priinative idea of justice.
•Six of one for half-a-dozen of the other
A tournament in which the wisest wins.
A lady returning a stolen kis.
A plea of revenge:
Obtaining an article on credit for which you
have no intention of paying, and finding, when
you arrive at home, tbat you have bad vonr
j pocket picked.
A favorite game with children, and too often
with those of an older growth.
Our old nature demanding an "eve for au
eye, and a tooth for a tootb."
Robbing a thief.
The report of the majority of tbe Senate's
eommitteo on Territories speaks of the Lecotnp
ton contrivance as a constitution which the peo
ple of Kansas cannot change, without resorting
to revolution, until the year 1864. Further
on, after reciting the general declarations in
the preamble of the Lecompton swindle, that
all power is inherent ID tbe people, and that
all their right to alter their forms of govern
ment is inalienable and indefeasible, tbe report
sets forth that these declarations give the peo
! pie powpr to "change or abolish their constitu
! tion at legal times and legal places!" This is
the doctrine of tbe South, and will, in due time
be the doctrine of the U. S. Supreme Court.
The Wife of Seven Husbands. —A mysteri
ous murder has recently occurred at Mem
phis. An Irish woman, known as Big Mary.
the keeper of a boarding house i liviug with
her seventh husband. Three of her former *
husbands and a son have met their death in
her gloomy abode, and ber other three hus
bands died by violence. The other night the
nephew of this singular woman was mysteri
ously murdered in the same bouse, where his
remains were found by the police surrounded
by some twenty of the inmates on their knees
praying for the repose of his soul. The case
is still involved in mystery.
A New Jersey fanner hits off some folke
handsome ly. He says
People say the farmers are the most inde
pendent class; and pray why should we not be l
We have to work hard enough for what we gel.
The reasou why farmers don't fail with the
rest is becacso we live within our means. I
! owu a good farm, and if 1 was to live as peo
: pie do in the cities, it would take five farms
; to keep me and my family.
MORMON.—It is not generally knowh that
i this collective title for tbo followers of Joe
! Smith was really the nam of a celebrated chief
: of the Britons, to whom Louis the Debonnaire
of the ninth century, despatched his nuncius,
or heraldic negotiator, 'a sago and prudent ajb
An Irishman tells of a fight in which there
j was but one whole nose left in the crowd, "and
i that belonged to tbe ta-kettle "