Bedford inquirer. (Bedford, Pa.) 1857-1884, January 01, 1858, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

| t m'i I? 2rt ru. |
T" !
THE 91' D'-i
It wis a narrow pass.
Watered with limn-in tears.
For (hath hart kept thn oiUer ? Ul '
Almost six thousand years.
And the c.-asele-s tread of a world'j feat
Was • eer in my cars—
Thronging, j>tling, harrying by.
. ifthev were onlv born to
A stately Stirs drew near.
This • arr. 'V pass to tread,
Around hir.t hung a gorgeous robe.
And a erown was r,n his h >adj
Bat I) 'atl' with a 1 >"k of Withering sco.n,
Arrested Iti u an 1 sai i,
• -Iu bum' 1 -st dress must the king draw near, '
For the crown and the purple are us< less here.
Next earn • n naan of wealth,
At.d iiis e o wis proud and hoi 1,
And he bo>v in his hand a lengthy scroll,
Teal 14 of fUns U'ttO d;
i"j ' i aril wi. c aret li n->t for rar.k.
Cat th as little far go*;--
-H re that scroll I ca'.rxt ell >w.
Fee ■ : ■ g li of the richest is powerless now.-"
Another fdl-iwo.l fast, i
And 3 bo k was iti h'.i hand.
Fid i Wit • • thvios ojuiraiug thought
That are known in mfny a 1 nd;
Eii ttiec'iM nig iusinailel to hear
Death'? j.itilns dem itd —
••llthat !><>.; eaiivortn;> - r with the®,
• Fertile iTg .1 i<li ofgjaus is nothing to me."
Next came a maiden fair
With that eye so deify bright,
That stirs wit tin you nungc siveet care,
.Should.on -,n summer right;
B ; Death, ere th e gent, ill li 1 passed through S
Snatched away its iigt—
< 3 ■■ uty is power in thpvorH," hestith,
• But can it do .hi tic I'as Jof Death." !
Ay it!: of sickly mien
j-d! wed t,h {,1.1b mood.
V 1; -• insirt nas fill iburirit 1 .vu to God
A- the early brother nod;
Death frit be couil not I'tench this heart
Tint i v 1 foi others good—
■•I own." cried he, "?h power nflivc,
I icun Ist it pass to there alms above!"
UlxrilSsoF li-aiEdlS.
Oh! conl.i - hare in th worl 1 b > found
Sonr- litt',: sp >t of h >pv gr,v.ri 1,
Wb-rc vil! ige pleasu-s might go round, i
Vitb at the vilgj
Hew douMy blest th ipl t :e woul 1 be,
Where ail might dvvc in liberty,
Free tn in the bitter liscry
Of gossip's en diss prattling.
If such a spot were rellv known,
Dame might ciaini it as her own.
And in i site might ix her throne,
Fjr ever and fr ever.
There, lie a queen tight reign and live,
W iid efu-y one woui s>on f rgivo
The I.till sights they night re learn
■ sd be ofFendii never.
Ihs mi si 'uef makers h.nt remove,
Far fron our hearts tie warmth of
And lea. us all to dis pprore
Wls gives anoiler pleasure.
1 hey >ej r. t* take nil 's part—but when
They've! card ourcaies, unkiudly then
They so; i retail then again,
Mixed \i h their poisonous measure.
And tha they've suih a cunning way
Often,l their ill merit tales, th.-y say
' Don't a entiou what I say, I p'ray,
I WHild not tell another;"
Sfiaigii* jo yottr neighbor's h/usn they go j
• s "*ving everything they Wow;
Ar.d i.reyfe the peace of higa stid low,
W lie, V-aband, friend an® brother.
Oh! tb-.itle mischief icakiig crew
Were al*luced to one o/ r two
Andthefrepaiotea r J
T^ onoaight f nOWtbea '
To ragAL unrr J g f, r Mforget
Ar.d la and fret,
low them
For tisl dcgrad/ri^K-
And l'wi gg nart,
We mo 1 oart
a heri>b 1
Tlicn li renni^^Bs
In quit >rt 'otitid
While ] hid;
'peace abound,
London, is I ~ r^JohnAlartin^
♦'Jennen's possession of tlio
has been ' w '®'r so lonjr a period <
he inherits f" ec, | > cs n, l heir. The cash I
000,000, - '
por annum. .1! be § 1,250,000 "
c " u "; r - v L
iuto poe # „4.f a rZll rs of 1
if not ( j, j t . ! "' s ''".' "'"i { ul 1
IkUy Xtu I isrful hMW.-~.Ur. 1 1
•J'W- I ; /:■ 4** (L-. - gp. ; > f -• • .aafc V ' "•• :•'
A Weekly iper, Devoted to Literature, Politics, the Arts, Sciences, Agriculture, &c., &c—Terms: One Dollar and Fifty Cents in Advance.
! yi!hTII8!,.
i In a prcvit H'tioic on the subject of the |
i construction! 'tables we submitted a few
j bled to aid those who leu!
j desirous otp tig everything possible for the ;
i comfort of if torses, in toe work of planning !
ifrood sriblriif'. about to bniid new one j , or
to re-cortstaild ones.
As seve ft her suggestions, which wore
I present torJumJ while writiug our fonncr
article, wdStitte 1 on account of our limited
space, we jiru to the subject, arid comaieuce
with reni.'dg th at provisiou sdrould always be j
uutdc, 'ti ie way or other, for a very i'ruc
j and su9i in all stables.—
j '! here arut lew stahles where this matter is
j suifieieuUMndeii to. There are but few
' stables vdvjso not emit a most offensive or
disagree*# <ir when the doors are first
opened iiewiorning, A horse shut up in
suelr an jawdiere for a considerable share of
, every twyf.>ur hours, can neither be as
: comfort/ar as htalthy as he would be if.
: provisi >|djbnei: made to secure a purer
1 supply-ir. The whole of the blood and
i humors hit system must he contaminated'
i Wiih tli t|,u :tios cf the atmosphere which he
|is üblignMihale and i.nbihe through hi-
I lungs, lit. poisonous m.ittcr cannot be taken
inn tlostwn for any great length of tims '
witlioulufnciug some disease, or, at least,;
some iicuwn of strength and spiri's and. .a
pre ji.-pwo and readiness to be affected wkh
at ru, I "ise Ma y not the dullness of eve,
and tvard|#priglitliness, which are sometimes
ob.-erv.u twrse® on first taking them out of
thestaJHowing in a great measure to the .
imputfltawsplc're which they have been
: breath duri 'g a loug ntgiit, or a longer!
peri"u cfllffirietneut in their stable? And!
may n ha languor ai,d logginoss, the want of
streng >odr ignr, which are quite common
with -st horse* in ti;v spring, be owing in a
gicat-.roeno their I'cing shut up in close,,'
' il!-vpe rd, and impure stables, during the
wiutei aiU-' However this may be, i; is j
. well a-taic d that infijitimation and weak- .
i ness as well as coughs, colds, iu
; flneiiz end v 9 until .tiuns of the lungs, arc
often cid [by confinement iu the foul and '
. ur,wholes. atniophere of some mach~ne- j
J fleeted#4j ill-constructed stables. When
i hors - '-, tJ dto breathe such n atmosphere
■j ihiring ffef, cmuo to be exposed, s they
| turiurai tit st be, to sudden changes o;
i temper; C in the spring, it need not be
j won ier-it hat they -h und readily take cold
1 ami be ae o-i vri.h serious au<i even fatal in
' fiimiuaffl the lungs.
Noiwif widing the truth and obviousness
jof theraw? and considerations, liorses aic
j often si ipl for whole days and nights in an
1 man eouli not Lear to
I breathe iti one hour.
Two owe simplest contrivances which we
j have evdeen, to remedy the closeness and
; HMpuriryl.if titles, were adopted by one who
; became udile of the injury aud discomfort
; inflicted libfs horses by the use of stables open
to thus irajetions. The first consisted in
opening vend windows in the walls of the
stable. he*c bring hung,could be opened and
shut tnr oraess according to the weather.—
Auotheif these contrivances was the sub
stitutionf ® door divided into an upper and
jlo ver ho in 'he place of n whole undivided
; door. ; th* door faced to the south, the
upper i could be left Open iu all sorts of
weathei?ave the most stormy auu severely
cold, v these mean 3 atul the insertions of a
sliding r itu in the wall opposite, above the
heads < -he horses, a great iiiiproveitcnt was
effecteJO Mi ' stable; and by similar con
trivanc aa improvement might be brought
I abou' i eases.
In f-'ireg new stables, however, provision
I ,-hould e ? *'' e more scientific and efficient
i kind. fh object may be accomplished in
' variou wa ®' ut one °f the be.-t is to admit
fresh s blinearis of a sliding grating at the
back i' ea< * stall, and to have a hopper in the
I ceilin W'® a trunk up to the roof, to allow
the esipcf heated and impure air.— Country
: Gtnlh*H
Ev<y c#cful observer must have noticed the
diflmo* ft the speed of oxen. Sotuo move
at a stilVpaee, while others walk almost as
fast ahorScs. Now, I know a yoke that will
plow 1 day and keep up with a span of good
horje and I contend that the difference is
prineilly in the breaking. I was taught to
work'b*<i I work, and play when I play, and
it sh Id be so with steers. If when you are
trainig tbem, you keep them plodding about
I a }l C V before they are used to work, it wil!
maktbcßi slow, and no amount of whipping
will elp it to after yenrs. But if you learn
thee l ? wfl at - a g°"d, lively gait, they :
will ewer forget it, and you will fiud it muck
pltijguer }o work with oxeu.
;ra ; £>uld not be worked too much when
youf, *• i| retards their growth and otherwise j
inju' 3 ?h e f but the soouer they are accustomed j
tu'lbt wolk, the better. If allowed to run j
unt they fro three or four years old, they bo
coa wild iud untractable, are always ruauing j
aW;i with iiic cait or sled, and never beeomo
so docile as those that are trained
w b„ yffapier. When they are a year old,
the hjyoked and bitched to a small stick
of ruber j a sled, and be driven around for a
fewdajs d they become docile and obedient.
Tbisfifooiijwinter they shouid bo yoked a few
tons. Tj little boys, if any iu the family,
cando it, itd it is excellent amusement fori
tLcu. j N.N. i.
(|(!KiN't Food por .Stock". —Cooking food
fd tin at-k is rapidly growing iuD' 'avor. — ,
iti|!iot ai' 'gcher a new notion, eitiier. B it;
M :ii lv, gfi tuing feed has been in vogue, nutil
Lfc ioi ta> D ty the miller Las become so I
large an item that our farmers are disposed to
save both the grist and the toli by using dif
ferent. kinds of apparatus for cooking food.—
Wc incline to the belief, from experieng and
from information derived personally from in
telligent English agriculturists who have hud
experience iu this manner of preparing food,
i that if an boiler can he procured
1 one that will economize fuel, using ail the beat.
that is generated, thus saving a large per cent
i that is lost in the use of kettles—cur farmers
j will not tax themselves with the labor and time ■
jof visiting the "gristmill. v A correspondent
i says he foods three fifths less grain to his hpga
than wlten he fed raw grain, .and thinks lie
saved the price of three steam boilers in three
1 weeks.— J our aid of Agriculture.
! FARMERS TRY IT. —On examination OF the
j Chinese sugar-cane, it will be found that at
' each joint there is a small shoot, covered up
| I)}' the outside coating. It is by preserving the
tops or stalks, and replanted the next season
lengthwise of the rows, that the sugar crop in I
the Sou'h is produced from just such shoots. —<•
We therefore suggest that sous.' stalks be saved i
; for experiment, and planted next year. If it j
succeeds the growth may bo improved, and at .
least it. will prevent the plant from rgnnittg j
out or mixing with other species, as rumor j
says it is ant to do.
| CURE FOR WARTS ON COWS. —Apply a few J
' drops of nitric acid to the wart, two or thtec j
times. Use if carefully, and avoid putting it ,
on the bog. I have a'ways found it effectual. j
They are sometimes removed by tying a strong j
thread around them; but the acid is better.
KEEPING CIDER SWEET —A pint- of nius- J
tard seed, put in a barrel of eitler, will preserve !
ilt sweet for several months. I have drank j
Fall eider in the mouth of May, which '.vas kept j
sweet by this means.
■ Wc subjoin the coneluding portion of Ju ige
Dmy'is's speech of December 9, upon Kansas
afTiirs, our pace not- permitting its publication
eutirc :
Sir, I deny your right or mine to inquire of
these people what their objections to that C m-
Rtituiion are. They have a right to judge for
themselves whether they like or dislike it. It
is no answer to tell me that, tlte CohsdluitiduTs J
a good one and unobjectionable. It is not sat
isfactory to me to have the President say in j
his message that that Constitution is an admi
rable one, lik" all the Constitutions of the new !
States that have been receutiy formed.
Whether good or bad, whether obnoxious or
not, is none cf my business and none of yours. I
It is their business and not ours. 1 care not
t what they have in their Constitution, so that it
suits ihetc. and docs not violate the Constitu
tion of the United States aid the fundamental .
principles of, liberty upou whieh our institu- j
lions test. I atu not going lo argue the que.s- '
tiou whether the banking system established in
that Constitution is wise or unwise. It says
there shall be no there shall be '
one bank of discount in tis * State, with two !
branches. Ail J have to say on that point is, i
if tiiey want a banking systeh, let them have j
it; it they do not w<?ut it, ietihetu prohibit it. !
If they want a bank with ttj branches, ho it j
so; if tbev want twenty, it is lone of my busi- i
ness, and it matters not to uniwhether one of '
them shall he on the north si | and the otoe' !
on the south side of the Kawj liver, or where i
; they 'thai! he.
While 1 have no right to cdoct to be con- ;
suited on that point, 1 do hoi J hat the people '
of Kansas have the right to 1 consulted and •
to decide it. an'l you have no jghiful autlsori- I
. ty to deprive them of that priliege. It is no
' justification, iu my mind, to s that the pro
i visions for the eligibility for thlofSecsof Gov*
eruor ami Lieutenant. Governcrequirs twenty
, years'citizenship in the Uuiu Slates. If
I men think that no person shoti vote or boll |
I office until he has been here twity years, they
! have a right to think so, and la majority of i
the people of Kansas think thatn man of for
' eign birth should vote or hold o§3 unless he
j has iived there twenty years, it Ahcir right to
| say so, and 1 have no right to liferfere with
them; it is their business, not tsic; but if I
, lived thete, I should not he tiling to have
! that provision iu the Constitution!without be
, tug iteard upou the subject, and Jjpwed to re- ,
| cord my protest against it.
I have nothing to say about thei system of 1
| taxation, iu which they have gd 1 back, and i
resorted to the ol i exploded syi m that we
tried in Illinois, but abandoned be use we did
not like it. If they wish to try it, aud get
i tired of it, and abandon it, bo but if I
| were a citizen of Kansas, i would ftofit bv the
; experience of Illinois on that and de
j feat it if I could. Yet I have no Ejection to
their having it if they want it; it iibeir bus
iness, not uiiue.
So it is in regard to the free negw. They
; provide that no free uegro shall Intermitted
jto live in Kansas. 1 suppose they hifc a right
to say so if they choose; but if i livi there, I
I should, want to vote on that question] We, iu
! Illinois, provide that no more shall eietbeie.
We say to the other States, "Take c J of you?"
own freo negroes, and we will takl care of
ours.." lint we do not say that thjnegroes
now there shail not be permitted to |e iu Il
linois; an 1 I think the people of Kutiic ought
to have the right to say whether theyVill ai
i h w them to live there; and, if theatre not
j going to do so, how they are to d|)ose of
j ;k on.
So you may go on with all tbo Ifercnt
i liu- js of the Conrtitution. Tliey mAe all
i right; they may bo all wrong. That uLnus
' tiop on which my opinion is worth notlig. —
The opiuiou cf the wise aud [atrioliljuief
f Magistrate of tbo United States is no|ortii
anything a.® against that of the people of Kan
sas, for they have a right to judge for them
selves; and neither Presidents, nor Senators,
nor House of Representatives, nr any other
pof or outside <>f K ins is, has a right to judge
fi'pjthcui. Hence it is no justification, in my
niijjd, for the violation of a great principle of
sejp-govcrniueuf, to say that the Constitution
v"U arc forcing on them is not particularly ob
noxious. or is it excellent in its provisions.
Fe "haps, sir, toe s tine thing might bo said
ofShe celebrated Tnpeka Constitution. Ido
not recollect its peculiar pruvKiops. 1 kmuv
one thing: We Democrats, we Nebraska men.
would not even look into ir, to see what its pro
v'uijnii* vveie.' Why? Because we 3iid it wiw
made bv a political p irty, and not by the peo
ple; that it was mad MII defiance of tlie author
ity of Congress; that if it was as pure as the
Bible, as holy as the ten commandments, yet
we would not, until it was submitted
to tjfid ratified by the people of Kansas, in
pursuance of the forms of law. Perhaps that
ropeba Constitution, but for tho mode of ua
icieg it, would have been unexceptionable. I
io not know, I do not care. You have t.o
right to force an unexceptionable Constitution
n people: It does not mitigate the evil, it
iocs not diminish the insult, it does not am>:-
iorate the wrong, that you are forcing a good
hi.'ig on them. Icm not willing to be forced
0 do that which I wouli do if I were left free
" judge and net for myself. Hence I as.ser:
hat there is no justification to be made for
hps flagrant violation of popular riirht.- in Ivm
: ■*, on the pica, that the (Jonstitution which
hyy have made is not particularly obnox
But, sir, the President of the United States
really aud siueetely of the opinion that the
-livery clause has been fairly and impaitluilv
übmitteu to the free acceptance or rejection of
he people of Kansas; and that, inasmuch as
iiat was the exciting and paramount question,
1 they get tho right to vote as they please on
hat subject, they ought to be satisfied, and
'osstbly it might be better if wv would accept
J, and put an end to the question.
Let me ask, sir, is the slavery clause fairly
iUbniitted, so that the people can vote for or
_siii:st it? Suppose 1 were a citizen of Kau
ri , aud should tco up to the jwlis and say, "I
it lire fy vote to make Kanstrt a slave State;
i* -e is iay ballot." They reply to IUC, 4 -.Mr.
D aglas, just vote for that Cou.-titutiou first,
f you please." "Oh, no!" I answer, "I cau
i- t vote tor that Cot;.-lituti|)u conscientiously,
llam opposed to the clause by which you locate
drtaiu railroads in such away as to sacrifice
iiiy county and uiypartcf the State. lam op
toed to that banking system. 1 atn opposed
i# this Know Nothing or American clause in
rjts Cous'itutiou about the qualification for ut
ile. I cannot vote for it." Tiiey tLen nn
#er, "You shall not vote on m .king it a slave
Tate." 1 then say, "I want to make i*. a free
i'ate." They r.-piy, "Vote for that Coiis'iiu
lion first, and then you uau vote to make it a
fee State: otherwise you cannot.'" Thus they
liisquaitfy every free State man who wiil net
jrt vote for the Constitution. No matter
♦ hethor or not the voters state that they can
tot conscientiously vote for those provisions,
tiey reply, 44 You cannot vote for or again t
lavery liere. Take tho Constitution as wo
Lave maile it, take the elective franchise as we
lave established it, bake the banking system us
we have dictated it, take the railroad imcs s
te have located theui, take the judiciary sys
tem as wc have formed it, take it all as we
lave fixed it to suit ourselves, and ask no
Questions, but vote for it, or you shall not vote
•itiier for a slave or free iStutc." In ofh -r
rords, the legal effect of the schedule is tin?:
ill those, who are in favor of this Constitution
nay \ote for or against slavery, as they please;
Dut til. those who are against this Constitution
ire disfranchised, and shali not vote at all.—
lliat is the mode in which the slavery propo.-i
--liou is submitted. Every man opposed to the
Constitution is disfranchised on the slavery
:lause. How many ore tbey? They tell you
ihere is a majority, for they say the Constitu
tion will be voted down instantly, by an over
whelming majority, if you allow a negative
rote. This shows that a majority are against
it. They disqualify and disfranchise every
man who is against it, thus referring the slave
ry clause to a minority of the people of Kansas,
and leaving that minority free to vote for or
against the slavery clause, as they choose.
Bet me ask you if that is a fair mode of sub
mitting the slavery clause? Docs that mode of
submitting that particular clause leave the peo
ple perfectly free to vote for or ugaiust slave
ry, as they choose* Am I free to vote as 1
choose oh the slavery question, if you tell nie
I shall not vote on it until 1 vote for the Maine
liquor lafw? Aui I free to vote on the slavery
question, if you tell me that I shall not vote
either way uutil I vote for a bauk? Is ii free
dom of election to make your right to vote up
on one question depend upon the mode in which
;ou are goiug to vote on some other question
which has no connection with it. Is that free
dom of electiou? Is that the great fundamen
tal principle of self-fioverntuent, for which we
combined and struggled, in this body aud
throughout the country, to establish us tho rule
of action in all time to come?
The President of l'ue United States has
made some remarks iu his message which it
strikes me would be very appropriate to read
in this connection. He says:
"The friends and supporters of the Nebraska
and Kansas act, wLen struggling on a receut
occasion to sustain its wise provisions before
the great tribunal of the American people, nev
er differed about its true meaning, on this sub
ject. Everywhere throughout the Union they
publicly pledged their faith and honor that they
would cheerfully submit the question of slave
ry to the dcoisiou of the b >na fide people of
Kansas, without any restriction or qualification
whatever. Aii were cordially united upon tr.e
great doctrine qf popular kovoreiguty, which is
the vital principle of our free institutions.
Mark this:
'II id it then been insinuated, from an
quarter, that, n would have been a sufiiciec
compliance with the requisitions of the orpini
law for (he numbers of a Convention, ihereal
tor to be elected, to withhold the question <
slavery from the people, and to substitute thei
own will for that of a legally ascertained tin
jority of their constituents, this would hav
been instantly rejected."
\os, sir, and I will add, further, had it bee
then intimated f-otn any quarter, and believe
by the American people, that it would hav
submitted the slavery ciause in such a inanne
as tO*compel a nun to voto that which his con
science did not approve, in order to vote on rh
slavery eliue, not oniy would th" idea hav
been rejected, but the Democratic candidal
I for the Presi lencv would have been rejected
and every man who backed him would hav
. been rejected, too.
The President tells us in his message ;ha
, the whole party pledged our faith, and our lion
I or that the slavery question should be submit
ted to the people, without any restriction o
qualification whatever. Doe* this sehedui
: submit it without qualification? It qualities i
by saying. "\oij may vote en slavery if yoi
v ill vote for the Constitution: but you slul
• not do so without doing that." That is aver
important qualification—a qualification tha
1 controls a man's vote and his action and hi
conscience, i: he is an honest man-—a qtalifi
•caiion confessedly in violation of oar platform
; \\ e tire told by the President that our t'aitl
and our honor are pledged that the slaver'
'•lause shouid be submitted without qualiSoa
fion of any kin J whatever, and now, am I t.<
be called upon to forfeit my fd;h and my Hon
or iu order to enable a small minority cf tfo
people of Kansas to defraud the majority o
that people out of their elective franchise? Sir
my honor is pledged; and before it shall bt
taruishcu, I will tike whatever consequences
personal to myself, may come; but never a*l
me to do an act which the President, in hi
message, has saiu is a forfeiture of faith—a vi
elation of honor and that merely for the ex
pediency of saving the party . I will go as fai
as any of you to save the party. 1 have at
much heart in the great causu that binds us to
gether as a party as auy man itvittg. 1 wil
sacrifice anything, short of principle and hon
or, for the peace of the party; but if the p-ir?<
wiil not stand by its principle*, its faith, it;
pledges, I wiil stand there, and abide whatcvei
consequences may result from the position.
Let me ask you, why force this Constituiioi
down the throats of the people of Kansas, ii
opposition to their wishes, and in violation o
our pledge. \\ hat great object i* to be attain
iu? Cut bono? What ate you to gain by it
v\ tii you sustain the party by violating its prin
cipios/ Do you propose to keep the party uni
ted by forcing a division? Stand bv the Joe
trine that leaves the people perfectly free t
torsi) aud regulate their institutions for them
selves iu their own way, and your party wiil In
united aud irresistible in power. Abandoi
that great principle, and tuc party is not wortl
saving, and cannot be saved, after it "dial! b
violated. I trust we are not to be rushed upot
this question. Why shall it be done? Wbi
is to be benefitted? Is the South to be tb
gainer? Is the North to be the gainer? Nei
ther the North nor the South has the right b
gain a sectional advantage by trickery or fraud
Hut 1 aui beseeched to wait until I hear fron
the election on the 21st of December. Lan
told, that perhaps that will put it all right, ant
will save tue whole difficulty. How cau it ?
Perhaps there may be a large vote. Then
may be a large vote returned, [Laughter ]
Hut I deny that it is possibl- to have a fair vot<
on the Slavery clause: and 1 say that it is no
possible to have auy vote on the Constitution
Why wait for the m >ckery of an election, whet
it is provided unalterably thai the people can
not vote—when the majority are disfranchis
ed ?
Dot 1 am told on all sid3, "Oh, just wait
the Pro-Slavery clause will be voted down."—
That does not obviate any of my objections, it
does not diminish any of thorn. You have nc
more right to force a free State Constitution or
Kansas than aslave-Stato Constitution. If Kan
sas wants a slave-State Constitution, she has i
right to i"; if she wants a free-State Constitu
tion, she has a right to it. It i* none of my
business which way the Slavery clause is deci
ded. 1 care not whether it is voted down o:
voted up. Do you suppose, after tho pledges
of uiy honor that I would go for that principle,
and leave the people to voto as they choose,
that I would uow degrade myself by voting one
way if the Slavery clause be voted down, and
another way if it be voted up* I care not bow
that vote may stand. I take it for granted that
it will be voted out. I think 1 have seen
enough in the last three days to make it ccrtain
that it wiil be returned out, no matter bow the
vote may stand. [Laughter.]
Sir, I am opposed to that concern, because it
looks to mo like a system of trickery and jug
glery, to defeat tha fair expression of the will of
the people. There is no necessity for crowding
this measure, so uufair, so unjust as it is iu all
its aspects, upon us. Why can we nt now do
what we proposed to do iu the last Congress?—
We then voted through tbo Senate au enabling
act, called tbo Toombs bill, believed to be just
and fair in all its provisions, prououueed to be
almost perfect by (be Senator from New Hamp
shire, [Mr. Hale.] only be did not like the man,
then President of the United Statcs, who would
have to make the appointments. Why cau we
not take that bill, aud, out of compliment to the
President, add to it a clause taken from the
Minnesota act, which he thinks should be a gen
eral rule, requiriug the Constitution to be sub
mitted to tba people, and pass that? That
unites the party. You all voted with me foi
that biil at the last Congress. Why not staud
by the same bill now? Ignore Leeompton, ig
uure Topeka, treat both these party movements
as irregular and void; pass a fair bill—the out
YOL. 31, NO. 1.
f that we trained ourselves when we were acting
ias a unit. Have a fair election, and you will
nave peace in the Democratic party, and peace
j throughout the country, in ninety day*. The
: people want a fair vote. They wili never be
; satisfied without it. They never should be sat
! L-ifiud without a fair rote on their Constitution,
i If the T o.uubs bill does not suit my friends,
i take tiie Minnesota bill of list session—the one
]so much commended by the President in bis
message as a model. Let us pas,s that as an
enabling act, and allow tbo people of all parties
i to Ciuuo together and have a fair vote, and I will
go for it. Frame amy other bill that secures a
fair,holiest vote,'o me . of a':lj.arti(S,-iud c uries
•. out ihe pledge that the people shall be leftlree
; t0 decide ou their domestic institutions tor
themselves, aud 1 will go with you with piea
' sure, and with all the energy 1 may possess.—
; Bat it this Constitution is to be torcod down
i our throats,in violation of iho fundamental prin
, etpie ot tree government, under a mode of sub
mission that is a mockery an l insult, painful 39
it will be to me, 1 must break all associations
or connections, rather than forfeit my princi
I have no fear of any party associations be
: iug severed. 1 should reorei to see social and
political tics Severed; but it" it must be,if I can
not act .vith you and preserve my faith and my
honor, i wili stand on the great, principle of
popular sovereignty, which declares the right
of a!) people to ne left perfectly] free to fotini
and regulate tueir domestic institutions io their
owu way. J will follow that principle wher
ever iu legal and logical consequences may
take uie, and 1 will endeavor to defend it
against assauit from any and ail quarters. No
mortal man shall be responsible for my action
but myself, By my action, I will couipromit
TLe progression of life is so simple, and in
the greatest number of prisons so quiet, that
men only know, at length, that' they aro
changing, but seldom perceive the process of
changing. We knew that we are no longer
boys, but cannot tell when we crossed the line.
We are conscious that we have reached man
hood and that youth lias departed. But EO
gently did it go,that wo are as those who listen
to a bird singing in a tree. After it has fiowu
they listen still, aud only know its flight
because it no longer sings.
But row and then we are turned back, and
brought fco to faco with the past, in such
away that two lives gaze at each other,
and we walk as if one identity had two ex
l'he recollections of the past beat upon the
heart, and we stand in its door, as a parent to
whuui comes back the child not seen for scores
ot year--, uncertain whether to doubt or to ac
cept the lauiiliur strangeness. Aftor long
absence, let any oue revisit the scenes of his
childhood home, aud see whether these things
be not so. 'lhcte will be a soft bewilderment,-
a sit.! jov of excitement, which perhaps, one
may not be able to analyze, bur which is, in
fact, the flowing together of the two great
streams ol lire, the past and the present.
ARREST OF MURDERERS.—Two colored men
have been nrrested charged with the murder of
Mrs. Garberaud Elizabeth Ream, at Lancaster,
an account of which we published last week.—
They arc residents of Lancaster, and have long
been knowu as thieves—spending the greater
portion of their time in the county prison.—
When searched, upwards of S9O in gold and
.silver was found upon tbeir persons, which
amount corresponds with that which Mr. Garber
says was in the possession of his wife. There
is no doubt that the object of the murderers
was to get possession of the money said to be
in the house. There was considerable blood
upon their clothing. The evidenco against
them is of such a character as to leave no
doubt of their guilt. The feeling against the
murderers was so great, while thev wete uu
dergoing examination, that fears were enter
tained ttiai the excited crowd would inflict
summary vengeance upon them. A few moments
however, served to calm the excitement, and
the officers were allowed to convey them to
prison without hiudraucc.
GENTLE ROARING.—The Richmond South
declines a controversy with Cel. Forney, upon
the following special ground:
'•We have abundant opportunity for discus
sion with editors of respectable character. If
wo could not find a worthy cbampiou, we should
not accept one whose name is the synonym of
personal dishonor."
We have an impression that this is the same
Gol. Forney who was chosen Clerk of the
United States House of Representatives by the
votes of the Virgiuia delegation. Is not this
so? Col. Forney, like Judge Douglas, enjoyed
a temporary period of respectability while co
operating with " Southern gentlemen." Like
Judge Douglas/also be relapses into a con
dition of "vulgarity" and " personal dishonor *'
the moment lie thwarts the purpose of them*
same interesting " genttlmen ."—Washington
METHODISM.—The Methodist Church (Northl
has a membership, it appears from its minutes,
just published,of 820,219; being an increase of
20,192 over last year. Its travelling preachers
uunibei 5,134; its local preachers 7,169 it
churches 8,335; and the value of its churches
and parsonages is estimated at $18,000,000. —
Its contributions for missious,tracts, bibles, and
Sunday-school publications reach §311,315. —
The Church South has a membership of 550,-
Av impertinent editor iu Alabama wants to
know when we "intend to pay the 'debt of -
nature?" We are inclined to think that when
nature gets her dues from liitu it still be by nu
Execution.—Lou. Journal