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BELL EFO:\:ITE ,-REPUiLLICAN„
W. W. BROW N, / EDITORS
A. B. .TIUTCRISON,
FOR SUBSCRIPTION Sr, ADVERTISIN
The " BELLEFONTE REPUBLICAN'
is published every WEDNESDAY MORNING
tin Bellefonte, Pa., by
A. B. HUTCHISON & CO.,
at the following rates
One year (invariably in advanee,) 52.00
Six M0nih5,......" ". ..... Sl.OO
Three Months,." it " t 50
.Single Copies.." ~,
It is Republican in politics—devoted to
the Agricultural, Manufacturing and Min
ing interests of Central Pennsylvania.
Papers discontinued to subscribers at the
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wise agreed upon.
Special notices inserted in our local col
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...quarter or year.
4 Editoiiall Notices in our local columns, 25
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Marriage or Dee \l3. announcements pub
.lished free of charge. Obituary notices pub
4 lished free, subject to revision and conden
-cation by the Editors.
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.ceeding 10 lines this type, SS.OO per annum.
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'for one insertion, and 5 cts. per line for each
Advertisements by the quarter, half-year
or year received, and liberal deductions
made in proportion to length of advertise
ment and length of time of insertion, as fol
'One inch(or 10 lines this type) $5
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All ad vertise ments, w het her displayed or
!blank lines, measured by lines of ibis type.
All advertisements due alter the first in
Job Work of every variety, such as Pos
ters, Bid-heads, Letter heads,Cards, Checks
Envelopes, Paper Books, Programmes
Blanks, &c., be., executed in the best style
with promptness, and at the most reasona
Address all communications relating to
business of this office. to
A. B. HUTCHISON CO..
Bellefonte. ]Masonic Lodge, No 265. A. Y. M,
meets on Tuesday everting of or beforethv
Constans Commandery. No. 33, K. -T.,
meets second Friday of each mouth.
I. 0. 0. F. Centre Lodge. No. 153, meets
every Thursday evening at their Ball,
Forthe conferring of Degrees the Ist Sat
urday ex - cilium of each m-nth.
For Degree of Rebecca, second Suturdny of
I. 0. G. T.—This Lodge meets every Mon
t ay eveninz.
Bellefonte Church Directory
Presbyterian church, Spring St., services at
at 11 a. in., and 71- p. ; No pastor
at present. This congregation are
now erecting a new church, in consequence
of which the re:rular rcii , 4:i ,, us services will
be held in the Court II nise until further
Methodi s t Episertpal Church, High St... ser
vices 70.- .t. in.. anti 71 p. In. Prayer
meeting on Thursday Bev. Jws.
Episet.pul Church. Ttigh Rt ser
vic..s at 10~ a. in.. aml p m. Itev
Byron McGann. pash.r.
Lutheran Church. Linn St.. cervices 101. a.
in . and 7.1 p. in. liev. ,r. liachenherger.
Evf , lnled Church, Linn St., no p:l.st.or n
C: t oi ie Church, Bi,hop St.
a. In., and p. nt. 11, v.
Uni:e , Sl Brethren Church, High Street, NCei , t
side of creek: services
African NI, E. Church, west since of creek
sdrviec.s al II a. in., and i p. In. Rev.
Isaac Pint4ell, pastor.
NTEIV BAKERY AND CONFECTION
BUSH'S ARCADE, IIIH LE STREET,
Z. T. GUDYKUIS:ST,
Having purchased frcMst Adam Ilorkheimer,
his first class Bakery and Confectionery.
and having added lArgely to his stock. is
now prepared to furnish the public with
good fresh BREAD, PIES. CARES, CON
FECTIO.NS, and everything in his line, at
all times. In connection with the above, is
A FIRST-CLASS ICE CREAM SALOON
for Ladies and Gentlemen. which will be
open during the summer. Pic-nits, private
parties, can be supplied with all kinds
of Confections, Ice Cream, Cakes and Fruits
on very short notice.
myl9'69-ly. Z. T. GUDYKUNST.
IN ENV BAKERY.
The undersigned respect
fully invites the attention of the citizens o
Bellefante and vicinity, to his
on Bishop Street, as the only place whore
the best quality of
MINCE MEAT of our own
The best and neatest Ice Cream accom
modations in the town. A room neatly fur
nished and carpeted, on first floor, for la
dies and gentlemen, and a roam on second
floor for private parties—ladies and gentle
men, Ile prides himself on the superior
quality and flavor of his Ice Cream, and
most cordially invites his friends and the
public generally,to call and realize the truth
of the assertion, that McDowell makes the
best Ice Cream in town.
ja13'69.1y. S. J. McDOWELL, Ag't.
N. W. Cor. Diamond, opposite Court House.
Would respectfully call the attention of the
citizens of Bellefonte and vicinity, to the su
perior quality of
FRESH MEAT ! FRESH MEAT !
Constantly to be found on hand.
always on hand. ja6'69.tf.
FURNITURE WARE ROOM.
Howard Street, Bellefonte, Pa.
IVHAT- N 0 TS,
f every description, quality and price, for
Fate cheaper than at other estab
lishment of the kind in
Ready made Coffins, of all sizes and prio
kept constantly on hand. Also Cof
fins manufactured. to order.
11. P. HARRIS.
F URNITURE WAREROOM.
Manufacturer and Dealer in all kinds of
5 . 5 . .F 1
Is B $ l2
20 1 30
55 1 100
SPRING BOTTOM BEDS,
TABLES, ROCKING CHAIRS, &c
I also kee: - . constantly on hand
a very fine selection of the latest styles of
MOST REASONABLE RATES
My price .s are all as low, for every article as
IN ORDER TO SATISFY YOURSELVES
\VILMA 31S & CAVAN,
MANUFACTURERS 01? COTTAGE FUI
ALL KIN DS OF TURNED WORK
At ,flag Igen , est,blishment near the Belle
f-mte Planing Mill we now manufacture
a turned work of Evory Descriptio
C'eniral Penna:f !vania, we in
ci•e y.• 1.1 M tell and see us. We lire prep:n•
L T I T TNT!) !! 011 NEEDED
:,•ourbnineFs, cheaper than you eau
OTHER PORTION of THE COUNTRY
CAN PURCHASE IN THE CITY
OBI: MACHINERY is the VERY BEST,
and tur facilities for obtaining lumber ena
We us not only to compete with, but to
ITND;MSELL ANY OTIIE Et ESTABLISHMENT
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR -WORK
je 9 '69 lv
TOBACCO & SEGARS
I.IIAS. T. FRYBERGEB.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
TOBACCO AND SEGARS
BALTIMORE SPUN ROLL,
NAVY, lb and I- lb
Cut and Dry Snacking Tobacco of all kinds,
also Segars of all grades and prices
at $l3. per thousand, and
PIPES, SEGA - R CASES.
And all the various kinds of articles usually
kept in a Tobacco Store. Goods will
be sold wholesale at manufacturer's
prices. Give us a trial. I in
vite all to como and see •
Store —Opposite Brockerhoff House..
NEW TOBACCO STORE.
LEVI A. MILLER ,f& COMPANY,
ALLEGHENY ST, BELLEFONTE, PA.,
respectfully informs the public that they
have opened anew
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TOBACCO
in the new building recently erected by J. B.
Butts, where they have a large stock of
SMOKING AND CHEWING TOBACCO,
the very best and of all brands, together
with a largo assortment of
GENTLEMEN'S Furnishing GOODS.
In connection TI th the above, they have
also opened an extensive
FASHIONABLE EATING HOUSE
on European principles. Everything in the
best of style.
MEALS AT ALL HOURS.
apr2l'63-Iy. L. A. MILLER it, CO.
The Proprietor has spared no pains in fur
nishing the house with new furniture. The
beds and bedding are the very best; the
rooms commodious and well ventilated. The
accommodations, boarding. ac. ; are equal to
any of the high priced Hotels. Only 25
cents for meals. Thankful for past favors,
he solicits their continuance, and promises
satisfaction to all.
MATRASSES, I marl7'69-Iy. WM. BROWN, Propr.
JOHN BRA CHBILL,
they can be
in this mrkaet
Call and examine my stock
(Old Stand) Spring St.,
The trade supplied with
(-4 to fitrni,h you with
purelinFe in ally
cheaper than you
in the whole country
WILLIAMS do CANAN,
"Let us See to it, that a Government of the People, for the People, and by the People, shall not Perish from the Earth."—EA. LiscoLs.]
ALLEGHENY ST., BELLEFONTE, PA
• (Opposite the Brockerholf House.)
A HOTEL ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN
Licensed by the Court of Centre County.
FIRST CLASS BAR, Rt.:STA URANT
ROOMS AND STABLING.
AN EXCELLENT BILLIARD ROOM
with 3 tables, new and in perfect condition
Give the Conrad House a trial.
H. 11. KLINE.
TLo undersigned adopts this method of
informing his friends and tho public gener
ally that he continues to keep the Hotel on
the corner of Allegheny and Bishop Sts..
known by the cognomen of
OUR 110 USE."
MILLHEIM, CENTRE COUNTY, PA.
The undersigned adopts this method of
informing the travelling community, and
citizens generally, that he has refitted and
furnished anew throughout, with first class
furniture, this well known and established
house—the NATIONAL HOTEL, Millhoim,
Pa. He is well prepared to furnish first
class accommodations to all who desire to
make a hotel their Home, or pleasant tem
porary abode. The custom of the travelling
public, and the surrounding country, is re
spectfully solicited. Courteous and atten
tive servants are engaged at this popular
Hotel. The Stabling is the very best, and
none but careful and accommodating Host
lers are employed.
PLEASANT GAP HOTEL.
dersigned having purchased the Hotel prop
erty at Pleasant Gap, adopts this method of
informing his friends in part eular, 3 and the
travelling community generally, that he has
refitted and furnished his house in the best
111 E TABLE
will he supplied with the best the inarke
will afford. and
with the best of Liquors
is the very best, and the proprietc.r
hices:lf therefore, upon the fact that his ac
commodations, both for man and beast, can
not be surpassed by any lintel in the coun
try. Ills old friends, as well as strangers
and travellers, are most cordially invited t•'
eall. 1 , 7141. ICKTIOFF,
mar24T9 ly. Pleasant Gap, Pa.
B ROCKERHOFF HOUSE,
ALLEGHENY ST., BELLEFONTE, PA
HOUSEAL LSI KIIO.IJ, Proprietors.
A FIRST CLASS ROTEL--COMFORTA.BLS ROOMS,
ALL THE MODERN CONVENIENCES,
AND IEAE7tiNABLE CHARGES.
The proprietors offer to the traveling,
public. and to their country friends,first
class acnommodations and careful at
tention to the wants of !masts at all times
at fair rates. Careful hostlers and good sta
hling for horses. An excellent table well
served A Dar supplied with fine li
quors. Servants well trained and every
thing requisite in a first elass Hotel. Our
location is in the business part of the town.
near the Post Office, the Court House, the
Churches. the Banks, and the principal pla
ces of husinoes, renders it the most 61-
in-tide place for those who visit Belle-
Mute on business nr for pleasure. An
OMNIBUS WILL CARRY PASSENGERS
and baggage to and from all trains free of
charge. my 1 2 .6 9 tf.
DAN'L GARMAN, Prop'r
This long established and well known Ho
tel, situated on the southeast corner of the
Diamond. opposite the Court House, bovine
been purchased by the undersigned, he an.
nounces to the former patrons of this estab
lishment and to the traveling public goner
ally, that he has thoroughly refitted his
house, and is prepared to render the most
satisfactory accommodation to all who may
favor him with their patronage. No pains
will be spared on his part to add to the con
venience or comfort of his guests. All who
stop with him will find
HIS TABLE abundantly supplied with the
most sumptuous fare the market will afford,
done up in style, by the most experienced
His Bert will always contain tho choicest
His STABLING is best in town, and will al
ways be attendedbytheruest trustworthy and
Give him a call, one and all, and ho feels
esnfident that all will be satisfied with their
AN EXCELLENT LIVERY
is attached to this establishment, which
strangers from abroad will find greatly to
their advantage. ja6'69.ly.
A RCADE SALOON
GEO. M. PECII, Proprietor
hereby inform my friends a-ad the public
generally that I continue to keep the
in Bush's Block, adjoinirg Howell,
& Cr's. Store. Meals can he obtained
at ALL HOURS during the day. Oysters.
the very best, cooked in every style. Meals
provided for Regular Bsarders when order
ed, and at reasonable rates. Thankful to
the rtblic for past favors, the continuation
of t se favors is respectfully solicited.
f 17'69.1y. G. M. PECK.
THE GEM RESTAURANT
MEALS AT ALL HOURS
THE undersigned avails himself of this
method of informing the citizens of Belle
fonte and vicinity, and the traveling com
munity in general, that he has opened a first
in the basement of Bush 8,5 McLaine's new
hotel near the Pa. R. R. Depot. He keeps
constantly on hand
Oysters in every style, Roast Chicken, Pork
Steak, Ham and Eggs, Fresh Fish, Veal
Cutlets, Cod Fish Ba:ls.Baked Fish,
Roa t Turkey,Beefsteak, Fried
Sausage, Mutton Chaps, Tea and
Coffee, Clam Chowder, Lornbs Fries,
Fried Eels, and everything to suit the taste
Feeling assured that general satisfaction
will be given, he invites ; 11 to ray
him a visit.
BELLEFONTE, PA. ; AUG. 4, 1869.
71 G. LOVE, Attorney at Law
a Bellefonte, Pa. Office on High St.
TAMES H. RANKIN, Attorney at
ei Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Office in Armory
building, 2nd floor. ju6'69.ly.
E. C. HUMES, Pr eB't. J. P. HARRIS, Cagier
FIRST NATIONAL BANK Of Bellefonte
Allegheny St., Bellefonte Pa. ja6.69.
SAMUEL LINN. A. 0. FURST
LINN & FURST, Attorneys—at-Law
Bellefonte, Pa. ja6'69.tf.
II N. 31 ALLISTER. JAMES A. BEAVER
AVALLISTER BEAVER, Attorneys
at-Law, Bellefonte Penn'a. ja6'69.ly
EDMUND 'BLANCHARD. EVAN N. BLANCHARD
dk B. M. BLANCHARD, Attorneys at
w, Allegheny St., Bellefonte, Pa.
WW.. BROWN, Attorney-at-Law,
. Bellefonte, Penn'a., will attend
promptly to all business entrusts.d to his
JOUR R. ORYIS. CYRUS T. ALEXANDER.
ORVIS & ALEXANDER. Attorneys-at-
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Office in Conrad
House, Allegheny St. ja6'6o.ly.
N - IsT J. KEALSEt, Attorney -at
. Law, Bellefonte, Pa., will attend
faithfully to all busintss entrusted to his
care. Deeds, Bonds, ,fcc, executed in the
best style. marlo'69 3m.
AEGUSTITS HIBLER M. D., Physician
and Surgehn. Office at his residence
near the Quaker Meeting House. Will attend
to all business in his profession at all times
and, at all hours. jel6'69-Iy.
TTRIAII STOVER, Licensed Autioneer,
t) will attend to all sales entrusted to his
care. Charges reasonable. Address, Uriah
stover, Houserville, Centre Co., Pa.
EORGE F. HARRIS, M. D., Physician
1..31 - and Surgeon; Pension Surgeon for Cen
tre county, will attend promptly to all pro
fessional calls. Office on Hight St., N'rth
T D. 'WINGATE D. D. S., Dentist. Of
t/ . five on the corner of Spring and Bishop
streets, Bellefonte. Pa. At home, except the
first two weeks of each month. Teeth ex
tracted without pain. ja6'69 ly.
WM. R. ARMSTRONG. SAMUEL LINN.
A RMSTRONG & LINN, Attor-
L 1 Law Williamsport, Pa., will
attend, promptly, to all business entrusted
to their care. jyl4'69-Iy.
JAS. H. DOBBINS, Physician and
Surgeon. Office up-stairs in J. B. Me-
Clure's new Building, Bishop St., Bellconte,
Pa. Will attend to all business in his pro
fession, feithlully at all times, and all hours.
A D. HUTCHISON 4:: CO'S. Job Print
ing Repnbl•can" Building,
Bishop St.. Bellefonte, Pcnn'a. Every De
scription ofPlain and Fancy printing done
in tho neatest manner, and at prices below
city rates. j.a769.
D. G. BUM.
Busll .k YOCUM, Attorneys-at-Law,
Bell fonte, Pa.. will attend to all busi
ness entrusted to them, with promptness.—
Office on Northeast Corner of the Diamond,
in Mrs. Irvin's stone building. ja13139 y.
IAT ILSON lIUTCJTISON, Attorneys-
V at Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Collections,
all other and legal business in Centre and
the adjoining; Counties. promptly attended
to. Office in Blanchard's Law building. Al
legheny street. jao39.
WM. R. BL A IR
DLAIR & STITZER, Attorneys-at• Low,
Bellefonte, Po. Can be consulted in
both the English and German languages.—
Office on the Diamond, next door to Gar
man's hotel. fehl 0'39.1y.
riENTRE CO. BANKIN'i COMPANY.—
NJ Deceive Leposits and allow Interest
Discount Notes; Bay and Sell Gorernrcen
Securities. Gold and Coupons.
II I:VRF BROCKERITOFT, President,
J. D SIII7GERT a:skies
fIEO. L. POTTER, M. D., Physi
ciankit and Surgeon, offers his professi m
al services to the citizens of Bellefonte and
vicinity. Office removed to house formerly
occupied by Mrs. Livingston, on Spring st,
two doors South of Presbyterian church.
B ELLEFONTE MEAT MARKET
BISHOP STREET, BELLEFONTE PA
The oldest Meat Market in Bellefonte.
Choice meat of all kinds always on hand.
7a6'69.1y. 11. V. BLACK.
WM. BROWN, Licensed Auction
eer. hereby informs the public that
he holds himself in readiness at all times, to
attend to all Auctions, Vendues, or Public
Sales of personal or Real Estate. Charges
reasonable. Call on, or address, 'William
Brown, Bellefonte, Pa. marli'69-Iy.
Air S. GRAHAM, Fashionable Barber.in
.INI, Basement of the Conrad Muse Belle
fonte, Pa. The best of Razors, sharp and
keen, always on band. He guarantees a
SIIAVE without either pulling or pain.—
Perfumery, Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
Paper Collars, Sm., constantly on hand.
AARIIN R. 'MEP. J. T. SALMONS. LEVI R PALM.
PAT P, SALMONS do CO., Contractors
a d Bricklayers, Bellefonte, Pa., adopt
this method of informing those wishing to
build that they will furnish Brick and lay
them, by the job, or by the thousand. Will
set Heaters, and do all kinds of w.,rk in
their branch of Business. ja20'69.1y.
LiBELFORD, D. D. S., Practical
e Dentist; office in Armory Building,
over Irwin & Wilson's Hardware Store, Al
legheny St. Dr. B. is a gra. ua.tc of the Bal
timore College of Dental Surgery, and re
spectfully offers his professional services
to the citizens of Bellefonte and vicinity.—
Can be found at his residence except during
the last week of each month. aprl4'69-Iy.
r W. RHONE, DENTlST.Boalsburg Cen
t/ . tre Co.,Pa.,most respectfullyinforms the
public that he is prepared to execute any
description f work in his profession Sat
isfaction rendered, and ratee as moderate
as may be expected. Will be found in
his office during the week, commencing on
the first Monday of each month, end at
such other times as mv ho agreed upon.
INSURANCE—LIFE & FlRE.—Joseph
A. Rankin of this Borough, insures prop
erty for the following, Stock and Mutual
companies, viz: Lycoming Mutual. York
Company, Pa.,lnsurance of North America,
Enterprise, an Girard of Phila., Pa., Home,
of New Haven, and any other reliable com
pany desired. Also, Provident Life Compa
ny of Phil'a., and other good Life Compa
T. F. HOLAHAN, Physician and
Surgeon, having removed from Empori
um, Cameron county, has located in Miles
burg, Centre county, Pa., where he will
faithfully attend to all business entrusted to
him in his Profession. Office in his residence .
on Main St., where he can"nlways be seen
unless professionally engaged. In his ab
sence from borne, orders may be left at the
store of Thos. Holahan. marlo'69-Iy.
For the Republican.
I AM BRAVING THE WORLD ALONE
Far out upon the billows,
My little bark I guide;
No gentle band to soohte my woes,
Or slay the rising tido. •
And, the gloomy future,
Wrings from my orphan heart a groan,
To realize thin fact,
I am braving the world alone.
No mother's loving band to guide,
Her orphan's path through life;
So I must gird on my armour,
And battle with every strife.
The waves may rave and toss,
And, still higher may rise the foam,
My ship I'll steer through all,
I am braving the world alone.
Oh, do not think, that your glazed Words,
Efface the heart's sad woes,
The orphan's heart is often stung,
By friends, who are but foes.
Each friend who passes by,
Maliciously hurls a stone—
But—l'm only an orphan;
I am braving the world, alone.
And, did I dare aspire to fame,
That fame, should then be this :
My name should stand unscorehod and
And virtue be my bliss;
I'd bravo earth's mighty foes,
Rejoice to die without a moan;
To that I would aspire,
But, I'm braving the world alone
When far away from those I love,
Mid pain, or guilded pleasure,
A spirit from the world above,
Ilath been my fondest treasure:
Though years have laid within my hear
Affections for another,
It cannot rob the small still voice,
That bids me love my mother.
First in life, she proved to be,
With fond embraces near me,
To minister in every want.
And, by her presence, cheer me.
A stranger's voice may fondly speak—
And love mo as none other;
But naught, on earth, can ever break,
Tho love I bear my mother.
ller smiles aro woven in my heart,
More bright than stars at even;
They bid my footsteps neer depart,
From that bright road to beaver!.
Then, when I leave thi- sinful world,
To dwell within another;
Oh ! may it be beyond the sky,
Where dwells my angel mother.
Milesbnrg, July 24, '69
GEO. M. YOCIJ
History of to 49th Ponsylvaiiii
BY A. B. DIITCBISON,
Late Captain of Company 'C.'
line Run—Brandy Station—WV"inte• Qaar
ters—nerieto by Russian Nacal Officers—
Be-entistmcnt of Veterans—Grant in Cont
wand—Drafted Men—Drilling and Pre
paring—Hareh to Wilderness—Firstda-f's
Fighting—Three days Fight—Death of
ja13 . 69y
[The crowded slate of our columns
hob prevented our publishing this his
tory for the past two weeks.]
On the 26th of November, the day of
NationtO Thanksgiving, we marched fripa
Brandy Station, from camps we had just
g,.t fairly into shape for winter quarters,
to the Rapidan river, and across it a
mil, or two above Germania Ford. As
our regiment was in rear of the army,we
got on very slowly; and after our tedious
and ttresome march, reached camp on
the South bank of the Rapidan at mid
night. The weather is cold, and our
bivouac uncomfortable; but we are in for
a winter campaign, apparently, and there
is no use grumbling.
We moved very slowly next day. titre'
a woods, hearing considerable firing from
the 3d corps, in our front. In the after
noon we were hurried forward to the
support of the 3d corps, who had got in
to an engagement with the enemy, and
as wo were moving at 'double-quick up
the road to their aid, the enemy com•
menced shelling the column, and ex
ploded a shell in our regiment, wound
ing Capt. Quigley and a couple of his
men, but doing no further damage.
We got into line, and pressed on, but
the rebels showed no earnest desire to
fight, and gave way gradually, and ap
parently moved off, only keeping up a
fitful artillery fire through the woods ,
that was very noisy, but did us no se
rious harm. We took the places of the
84th Pa. Vol's on the front line, and re
mained there till one o'clock in the morn
ing, when we moved off with our corps
to the Eastward where, at daylight, we
joined the 2nd corps, on the Orang C.H.
road. We moved with them, by woods
and fields, in the rain, at a slow rate,all
day, until we found ourselves in front of
the enemy, who were posted on the hills
of Mine run, with the deep valley of the
stream dividing the contesting armies.
We formed our lines in full view of
the enemy, from whom we received an
occasional shot. The weather suddenly
changed from raining. to snowing, and
on the night of Nov. 28th, became ex
ceedingly cold, freezing the ground solid
in a few hours. On the 29th we expect
ed to be moved against the enemy, but
we lay quiet by our fires all day.
Some of our forces were in motion,, in
various directions, but we had nothing
to do but make ourselves comfortable,
which, under the circumstances, we did
with very ill success. But little firing
was going on; and, besides the discom-
By BECKIE HARRIS
For the Republican
LT T. GILL. LOUDEN
forts of our winter bivouac, and the look
ing across Mine run with glasses, there
was nothing to interest anybody, except
that we expected to charge up the big
hills we saw lined with rebels, in a day
more. at furthest. We were cold and un
comfortable enough almost to desire a
little fight, just for a change of scene and
On the morning of Nov. 30th, we were
to begin the attack at 10 a. m., in the
support of a battery on bur left, which
was, by opening upon the enemy's works,
to give the signal fora general attack by
our whole line.
The ground was frozen solid, and the
air bitterly cold, as we moved out to our
assigned position. The battery was al
ready there, and ready for the time ap
pointed. The troops were in line, and
their knapsacks piled up to prepare for
Just as we came up to the artillery,the
first gun was fired, and we went into our
position at double quick, under fire of
the enemy's artillery, which had opened
promptly in reply. The shot and shell
danced about on the frozen ground in a
lively style, and the batteries of tho rebs,
one after another, dizecting their fire
upon our battery, compelled it to with
draw, with the loss of several men, hors
es and wheels.
We lost no men killed, or dangerously
wounded; but we bad a lively and excit
ing little episode, all to ourselves; and
during that time, the weather was not a
bit cold at our position.
The order to attack bad been counter
manded, and our artillery had failed to
receive the order before the hour set for
opening, and so commenced the fight.—
All the other troops lay quiet, knowing
that the attack was not to be made, and
the enemy devoted their artillery exclu
sively to our entertainment.
The shelling soon ceasad,however;and,
getting into the woods, where it was
more comfortable, we discussed the situ
ation, and our hard-tack, coffee and pork
in comfort, in the warmth and smoke of
new-built camp-fires. •
The battle of Alinerun was not fought;
and was, nevertheless, ended. This night
was bitterly cold, and our pickets, near
the enemy, not daring to light fire, or
even show themselves, suffered terribly.
On nest day, Dec. Ist, we returned to
the first position we had occupied on this
line. Bare we remained quietly all day.
Gen's Meade and Sodgwick, seeming to
be discusßing some question of interest.
on the hill, where was had the best view
of enemy's line.
In the evening the troops began to
move off towards the Rapidan, and by
midnight, nearly all the army was gone.
We were among the last to leave,and did
not get to and across the river until ab't
daylight the neat morning. After we got
over,at Germania, Ford, we cooked break
fast at a steam saw mill near that place,
and then moved into a camp about a mile
further up, to wait till the troops ahead
should get out of our way, and into their
camps, and the trains gather up. Here
we remained all night, and next day,
Dec. 3d. We marched back to our Bran
dy Station camp, and by the evening,we
were re-established in our quarters that
were now known to be our quarters for
The campaigns of 1863 were ended.—
It had teen a year of great events; and,
to us, of much hard work and suffering;
but, as yet, the good fortune of the old
49th seemed to remain, and we had, in
comparison with our comrades of the 6th
Maine, sth Wisconsin and 119th Pa..
lost few men. Our ranks, however,were
thinned, and we had few to lose. We got
about one hundred drafted men just be
fore our mareh to Mine run, and took
them with us, unarmed, on the march.
They seemed to think it a pretty severe
initiation in the service, but found af
terwards that it was not peculiarly rough
We now began to perfect our winter
camp, and to make it as clean and com-
fortable as we could. We went back to
the saw mill with trains of wagons, and
seized the lumber for our use. An empty
brick house fell a victim to our need of
material to build chimneys to our tents,
and the woods melted away before us.
Our men secured a large number of
light, sharp axes, made for them by Wm.
Mann, Jr., & Co., near Lewistown, Pa.,
which were easily carried along on pick
et or march, and were a great conve
nience, and became almost a necessity.
The Messers Mann having taken espec
ial care in the manufacture of these ax
es for the soldiers, they were a very su
perior article, and so were all the more
appreciated by those whose comfort they
so greatly increased.
The time spent at Brandy Stqtion was
marked by very few incidents. On the
15th Dec., we were reviewed in presence
of the Russian Naval officers, and made
a very creditable display for the corps.
The Russian sailors made a bad one on
horseback, and one fell off his horse in
the midst of the ceremony; but sailors
always come to grief when they try that
sort of navigation,
. Some deserters were shot in our and
other corps about, this time, and courts
were everywhere disposing of the cases
of those who had been violating military
law, during this reason of leisure. IVe
lived well, and had no duty beyond or
dinary guard and picket duty.
Dec. 22nd we began the re-enlistment
of veteran volunteers, and about two
hundred of our regiment entered upon
their new term of three years,, and went
home on a furlough of thirty dgys.
The year 1863 was drawing to its close,
and had been a year of great events. To
celebrate its demise, the officers of the
49th, upon an invitation of Capt. Quig
ley, who had secured a most excellent
Pennsylvania supper, assembled at his
quarters to pass the last hours of the
old year socially. We had a faw guests
from other commands., some who came
bringing us recruits from the draft, and
numbered, in all, some twenty-two offi
We disposed of the turkies, oysters,
coffee, cakes, and the vet.) , abundant sup
ply* of good things, first. We laid the
supper on the Captain's bed, and found
room somehow, in his shanty for,;all.
As soon as the remains of the dispatched
banquet were carried cut, cigars and
other refreshments were provided, and
the social party organized. The Col. in
the—camp-stool. No Secretary was ap
pointed. as it was voted that no record of
the proceedings should be kept. it was
resolved that no one should leave un
after midnight, and then allshould leave
who could; also, that each gentleman
present should aid in the entertainment
of the company in one of three ways—the
penalty for refusal being a contribution
to the commissary department—either
sing a song, tell a story,or make a speech.
We are happy to be able to say that all
came up nobly-to the work, and that
several distinguished themselves in their
several parts. There was some singing
that we think was never equalled before
or since, and we rather imagine, will re
main unparalleled for all time.
The stories were good, the speeches
eloquent, the tobacco smoke thick, and
old 1863 got down to her last ten min
utes in an apparently wonderfully brief
space of time. Then, with a last toast
to the grand old year, and a farewell to
it given in the usually eloquent style of
he writer, which, however, did not seem
to make much difference with either the
departure of the old year, or the snow
storm outside, but which met the unani
mous approval of the officers inside, and
of a crowd of the men outside, who thus
betrayed the fact of their presence there
listening to their superior officers cele
brating the dying of the year.
The old year went out, and the party
dropped off, one by one, and sought their
quarters, with an order just received to
be prepared to march at daylight. It was
not a comforting thought, for the snow
was falling fast, but the order did not
trouble most of the officers much. The
Colonel thought it would be counter
manded—the Adjutant thought so, too,
and several of the officers didn't care
whether it was or not. It was counter
manded at daylight, and we had a peace
ful and merry New-Year.
Of the twenty-four officers who so
gaily bid farewell to 1863, six were killed
before the new year was five months old,
and only one of the whole number, ex
cept the Surgeons, had failed to receive
a wound, more or less severe, in battle
with the enemy.
The chances; and changes of 1864 bore
very heavily on the gay company of that
farewell banquet to the grand old year
in which the scale of advantages turned
in our favor, and in which Liberty was
"proclaimed throughout the land, to all
the inhabitants thereof." '
During the stay of our regiment at
camp Brandy Station, we received a large
number of recruits from the drafted men
and substitutes. They were formed in
to five companies, and officers were com
missioned from the four old companies,
and the non-commissioned officers of the
supernumeraries who had been ordered
back to the regiment. The supernume
rary commissioned officers bad been
mustered out of service at an earlier pe-
sled, except one, who secured a rein
statement after his muster-out. Our
regiment now numbered nine companies;
and, with the return of our veterans, and
recovered sick and wounded, and re
cruits, put our force up to 730 muskets,
in line. We lived well; getting fresh
oysters at one dollar a gallon, at the sta
tion, and many of the luxuries of the
Washington market at very reasonable
We had constant duty in drills, guard
and picket; but the time . sped on with
out finding much out of the ordinary
routine to mark it. We made one recon
noiscence beyond Culpepper, across the
Robinson river, but found nothing in it
but a tolerably rough march, and died-
greeable snow storm.
We had some excitement in the way
of a religious revival and temperance
movement; but, even in that, we found a
new exemplification of the transitory
nature of things. earthly, as cur next
campaign spoiled nearly all of it. Gen.
Grant had joined the Army of the Poto
mac, and was commanding all the land
forces, by assignment of the President.
Mr. Lincoln had visited the army,and
put an end, for the time, to the shooting
Balls were given in camp, and officers
brought their Wives to share their win
ter quarters, and made our society almost
civilized, at least. Horse races., oyster
suppers and cockfights furnished, along
with euchre, chess and cribbage, means
for the waste of our surplus time.
So we moved on, getting our men ready
for the next move, and enjoying our ar
my life, that had grown to seem almost
the natural way of living, more so than
one who never tried it would be apt to
think possible. We raised a storm-flog
on Feh'y 22nd, and had a speech by the
writer of this record, and a good time,
generally, in the camp.
Thus using our time, we kept along,
until the 18th of April, when Gen. Grant
reviewed us for the first time. Continu
ing our drills, and working along, we
VOL, 1, NO.
found nothing of interest until the tliiril•
day of May, when we bidsfarewell to otW
old winter-quarters, and got ready to
move aeross the Rapidin, an , l into the
[CONTINUED NEXT WEER:]
The Harmonious Democracy;
The Democratic city and county CorC
ventions have met in Philadelphia; . aiad
nominated tickets for the different offiaes:-
The Conventions were ruled by the"
roughs, and the nominations made in-the •
midst of riot and profanity, some of the
candidates being only fit for the peni
tentiary. Many of the respectable por- -
lion of the party repudiate the ticker,-
and quite a number of the better class of .
the DeffoCratie journals are outspoken
in their opposition to the nominelcs.•
Sunday Alurcury, one of the ablest jour•
nals in Drat party, thus bewaileth the ,
action of its friends :
"TUE CONVENTION AND THEIR ACTS.
" The Democratic Ccnvention held in
this city last week were eminently dis
creditable in all respects. From bodies
composed of the worst possible material,
nothing but the worst possible action•'
could be reasonably expected. With an
exception or two, a weaker ticket than•
that presented, could hardly have been:'
made, while the disorder, violence, dis-'
honesty and blackguardism which mark
ed the proceedings of every one of the
nominating bodies, but especially those ,
of the pity and county Conventiong;-
-were, perhaps, never exceeded, if equal
ed; on any similar occasion. This is
particularly remarkable, inasmuch as it
was never before more desirable that the
Conventions of the party should be right
ly constituted and their conduct hs.rmoL .
nious, respectable and intelligent. The'
Democratic papers, too, all earnestly ex
hort to a choice of proper delegates,
regularity of procedure in the perform- .
once of their trust, and the best &anti- -
cable nominations. The result shows'
how utterly vain were all such consider
ations and appeals. As usual, the im
portant business of selecting candidates
for the party was committed to persons
hiaving neither the sense nor the virtue'
requisite for that duty. It would be both
an insult and a lie to say that they re
presented the mass of the Democracy in
this city. They really represented no
body but themselves, and'the - wretches,
"roughs" and rowdies who elected them•
"We will, and do say, that the Demo
cratic Conventions and their conduct
were altogether the very opposite of
what the people had wished and demand:
ed that they should be, and, we are,
moreover, sincere and independent
enough to declare that no such persis
tent and audacious violation of every
principle of party policy and public de-`
cency shall any longer receive our toler
ation. The fact of a great, and once glo
rious party, with great principles at
stake, being not only ruled and ruined
by devils in human shape, is enough to
make every rtspectablo citizen sick,even
of the name of Democracy.
TALKING AND DRINKING.-Mr.Canning
was once invited to a grand banquet by.
the Fishmonger's Company at a time of
great public excitement. When ho ar
rived, it was intimated that it would be
desirable that he should give his semi=
ments on the then state of public affairs,•
and that a very convenient time to do it
would be in acknowledging the healtfrof
her Majesty's Ministers. Mr. Canning'
listened to the communication gravely
and politely, but made no answer, what
ever, to it.
When he arose to reply to the toast;
everybody was on the tip-toe of expecta
tion, waiting breathlessly for some great
'•Gentlemen," said Mr. Cinning,- "wu•
are invited here to meet the fishmongers.
Now, the fishmongers have dealings with
the members of a very large community,
from whose habits I think they might he
learning something. The fish is one of
the most uncommunicative animals in
creation; it says nothing; and - it drinks a"
great deal. Let us. then, upon the pres- -
ent occasion, as we are, to some extent,
brought into their company, imitate their -.
habits, let us not waste our time in.tal.k.‘•
ing, but drinker good deal!"
And so, as the reporter says, here: .
sumed his seat amidst roars of laughter:-
no says :
Thare iz wimmin•who are az ' easy to
court az lint
"Luv at fust sighriz like eatin heney.
duz seem twilit) you never could get,
enuff uv it
This kind ov luv iz apt to make blun
ders, and iz az hard to back out ov az a
But thare aint no Bieli thing az• pure
mathamatiks in courting. If it iz awl
nature, it iz too innocent for earth; and
if it iz awl science, it iz too much like a,
Perhaps the best way taw court is to
begin without much ov enny plan where
you are going tew fetch up, and see how
you and she likes it,and then let the thing
kind ov worry along kareless,like throwin
stones into a mill-pond.
You will find one thing tew be strictly
true, the more advice you try to follow.
the less amount of good courtin you will'
On some railroads it is eustomary to
have a lock on the stove to prevent the
passengers from meddling with the tire.
A conductor being asked why they low:-
ed the stove, replied, that "it was to pre
vent the fro from going out."