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W. W. BROW N,
A. B. lIIITCIIISON, .
41FFLIN 4t - CENTRE CO. Branch R. R
Ne. 1, leaves Lewistown at 7.20 a. tn., and
arrives at Milroy 5.15 a. m.
No. 2, leaves Penn'a lt,. R. 10.33 a. m., ar
rives at Milroy 11.23 p. m.
No. 3, leaves Pen .'a R.ll. 4.03 p. m., ar
rives at Milroy 4.53.
No.l, leaves Milroy 5.50 a.•m., and arrives
at Penn'a. R. R. 9.40 a. m.
No. 2, leaves Milroy 1.15 p. m., and arrives
Penn'a. R. R. 2.10 p. m.
No. 5. leaves Milroy 5.05 p. ra. and arrives
at Penn'a. R. R. 5.54 p. m.
Stage leaves Bellefonte every day (except
Sunday,) at 11 a. m., and arrives at Mil
roy 4.30 p m.
Stage leaves Milroy every day (except Sun
day) at: 5.30 p. m. and arrives at Belle
fonte 10.30 p. m.
:Stage leaves Bellefonte for Pine Grove Mills
every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday
mornings at 6 a. in.
Western mail eloses at 4.00 p. in. •
Lock Haven mail closes at,10,90 a. in.
PHILADELPHIA AND ERIE R
WINTER MIT, TABLE
Through and direct route between Phil
adelphia, Baltimore, Harrisburg, Williams
'port, and tho
GREAT OIL REGION or• PBNN'A.
ELEIJANT SLEEPING CARS
On all night Trains.
On And after MONDAY, NOV. 23th 1368
the Trains on the Philadelphia and Erie
Rail Read will run as follows :
Train leaves Philadelphia 10 45 p.m
" " Lock Haven... 9 31 a. m
•• " err. at Erie 9 50 p.m
Erie Exp'ress leaves Phila. 11 50 a. in
" " " Lopk haven... 950 p. m
" " arr. at Erie 10 00 a. m
,Elmira Mail leaves Philadelphia 8 00 a. In
4t " Lock Haven... 745 p. DI
" " arr. at Loel(Haven 7 45 p.
1411 Train leaves Erie .. : .
" " Lock llaven
U arr. at Philadelphia.. 19 00 a. m
Erie Express leaves Erie G 25 p. m
" Lock Haven 0 10 a. na
a. " arr. at„;Phila 420 p. m
-qhfail and Elliress'eohnect with Oil Creek
and Allegheny River Rah.. Road. Baggane
ALFREWt. - . TYLER,
pENNSYLVANIA - k A ILR OAD
BALD EAGLE VALLEY
'TYRONE & CLEARFIELD BRANCITES
OPENING OF TYRONE & CLEARFIELD
BRANCH TO CLEARFIELD,
41 MILES NORM OF TYRONE
On and after Monday. February Ist, 1569
two Passenger Trains will run daily (except
Sundays) between Tyrone and Lock Tlaven,
and tine Passenger Train between Tyrone
and Clearfield—as 'follows :
BALD EAGLE VALLEY
Vail Leaves Leek Haven at 2 SO p m
" " ......... 3 55 p m
" ...... " 4 12 p m
Arrive at Tyrone at. 0 05 p m
B. E. Express leaves L. Haven at.. 10 20 a in
" "...Milesburg "...11 4S a m
"...Belleti , nte "...1 155 a m
Arrives at Tyrone at 1 20 p ui
. . •
Mail leaves Tyrone at 8 50 a m
" "...Bellefonte at 10 50 a In
" ...... " —Mile 03 urg at 11 02 a m
Arrive at Lack Haven 12 30 p m
M. E. Express leaves Tyrone 7 00 p Tu.
r, "...Bellefonte at.. 8 50 p m
:, "...Milesburg at.. 9 05 p m
Arrives at Lock Haven at 10 30 p m
TYRONE AND CLEARFIELD
Clearfield Mail leaves Tr. - one at.. 900 a m
" at.. 10 40 a rn
" 10 a in
Arrive at Clearfield at 1. 00 p re
Leaves Clearfield at .
Arrive wt Tyrone at
Passengers leaves Clearfield at 2 o'clock
p, m., Philipsburg at 3 o 5 p. m., Osceola at
4 15 p. m., arrive at Tyrone at 5 50 p. m.,
making connection with Cincinnati Express
East at 6 17 p. in., and with Mail West at
6 44p. Tn., on Main Line; also with Bald
Eagle Express, leaving Tyrone at 7 00 p.
arriving at Bellefonte at 8 45 p. in., at Lock
Haven at 10 30 connecting with Erie
Mail East on the Philadelphia and Erie road
at u. 21 p. m. arriving at William.port at
12 40 a. in.
Returning, passengers leaving Williams
port at 8 15 a m, on Erie Mail West, arrive
at Lock Haven at 9 31 a in, connecting with
Bald Eagle Express leaving Lock Haven at
10 20 a m, arriving at Bellefonte at 11 55 a
in, Snow Shoe City at 5 35 p in, and Tyrone
at 1 20 p m, connecting with Way Passen
ger West at 140 p in, and Mail East at 3 31
p in, on Main Line.
Passengers leaving Lock Haven at 2 30 p
in, and Bellefonte at 4 12 p in, arrive at Ty
rone at 6 05 p in, connecting with Cincin
nati Express East 6 17 pm, and Mail West
at 6 44 p m, on Main Line.
Passengers leaving Tyrone on the Clear
field Mail or the Lock Haven Mail, connect
• from the Day Express East and the Phil'a.
Express West—and on the Bald Eagle E: -
press, connect trom the Cincinnati Express
East and Mail West.
GEO. C. WILKINS, Snp't.
EDWARD 11. WILLIAMS,
N. W. Cor. Diamond, opposite Court nouse
Would respectfully call the attention of the
citizens of Bellefonte. and vicinity, to the su
perior quality of
t - _:011,..t.t.1:1;y It
always on hand
FOR SIIIIS CRIPTION ADVERTISING
The "BELLEFONTE REPUBLICAN"
is published every Wentinsna.v MORNING,
in Bellefonte, Pa., by
at the following rates:
One year (invariably in advance )$2,00
It is Republican in politics—devoted to
the Agricultural, Manufacturing and Min
ing interests of Central Pennsylvania.
Papers discontinued to subscribers at the
expiration of their terms of subscription, at
the option of 'the publishers, unless other
wise agreed upon.
Special notices inserted in our local col
ums at 20 cts. per line for each insertion,
unless otherwise agreed upon, by the month,
quarter or year.
Editorial Notices in our local columns, 25
cts. per line for each insertion.
Marriage or Death announcements pub
lished free of charge. Obituary notices pub
lished free, subject to revision and conden
sation by the Editors.
Professional or Business Cards, not ex
ceeding 10 lines this type, $B.OO per annum.
Advertisements. of 10 lines, or less,sl.oo
for one insertion, and 5 cts. per line for each
Advertisements- by the quarter, half-year
or year received, and liberal deductions
made in proportion to length of advertise
ment and length of time of insertion, as fol
One inch(or 0 lines this type)
Quarter column (or 54- inches)
Half column (or ii inches).....
One column (or 22 inches)
All advertise rents, whether displayed or
blank lines, measured by lines of ibis type.
'All advertisements due aft'tr the first in
Job Work of every variety, such as Pos
ters, Bill-beads, Letter- heads,Cards, Checks,
Envelopes, Paper Books, Programmes,
Blanks, &c., executed in the best style
with promptness, and at the most reasona
10 55 a. m
Address all communications relating to
business of thig office, to
A. B. BVTCHISON Ir. CO.,
Bellefonte Masonic Lodge, No 208, A. Y. 11,
meets on Tuesday evening of or before; tbP
Constans Commandery. No. .33, K. T.,
meets second Friday of each month.
I. 0. 0. F. Centre Lodge, No. 1.53, meets
every Thursday evening at their Ilan,
Forthe conferring of Degrees the let Sat
urday evening of each month.
For Degree of Rebecca, second Saturday of
I. 0. .G-. T.—This Lodge meets every Mon
Bellefonte Church Directory.
Presbyterian church, Spring St., services at
at 11 a. m., and 71 p. m; No pastor
at present. This congregation are
new erecting a new church, in consequence
of which the regular religious services will
be held. in the Couit house until further
Methodist Episcopal Church, High St., ser
vices 101 a. m., and 71 p• m. Prayer
meeting on Thursday night. Rev. Jas.
St. John's Episcopal Church, High St., ser
vices at 101 a. m., and 71 p• m. Rev.
Byron McGann, pastor.
Lutheran Church, Linn St., services 101 a.
m , and 7X- p. m. Rev. 3..1... Hackenberger,
Reformed Church, Linn St., no pastor at
Catholic Church, Bishop St; services 101-
a. m., and 3p. M. Rev. T. McGovern,
United Brethren Church, High Street, west
side of creek; services—
African M, B. Church, west side of creek ;
services al 11 a. m., and 71 p• m. Rev.
Isaac Plana, pastor. ,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
TOBACCO AND SEGARS,
I3ALTIMORR SPUN ROLL,
NAVY, lb and lb.
Cut and Dry Smoking Tobacco of all kinds,
also Segars of all grades and prices
' at 6 - 13. per thousand, and
PIPES, SEGAI? CASES.
And all the various kinds of articles usually
kept in a Tobacco St'ro. Goods will
be sold wholesale at manufacturer's'
prices. Give us a trial. I in
vite all to como and see
Store —Opposite Brockerhoff House.
2 00 p In
2 55 p in
4 15 p in
5 50 p in
NEW TOBACCO STORE.
LEVI A. MILLERS COMPANY,
ALLEGHENY ST., BELLEFONTE, PA.,
respectfully informs the public that they
hare opened anew
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TOBACCO
in the new building recently erected by 3.8.
Butts, where they hare a large stock of
SMOKING AND CHEWING TOBACCO,
the very best and of all brands, together
with a large assortment of
GENTLEMEN'S Furnishing GOODS.
' In connection with the above, they have
also opened an extensive
FASHIONABLE EATING HOUSE
on European principles. Everything in the
best of style.
MEALS AT ALL HOURS.
apr2l'69-Iy. L. A. MILLER ,t; CO.
G ROUND PLASTER AT $l2 PER TON
Tnst re,t.ivo:l. and always on hand at
, ~ I'l
GEO. ,t 7, JOE. r. DLYNYER'S WARE
Salt foi sale Wholesale and Retail, All
kinds of grain bought at bighett prices,
A. B. HUTCHISON &•CO.,
TOBACCO & SEGARS
GRAIN & PLASTER
.HOUSE, MILROY, PENN'A.,
"Let us See to it, that a Government of the People; for the People, and by the People, shall not Perish from the Earth."
T G. - LOVE, Attorney at Law,
a Bellefonte, Pa. Office on High St.
TAMES H. RANEIN, Attorney-at-Law
EJ Bellefonte, Pa. Office in Armory build
ing, 2ndfioor. ja6'69.ly.
E. C. HUMES; Presq. J. I'. HARRIS, CaBlt'r
TIIRST NATIONAL BANK Of Bellefonte
Allegheny St., Bellefonte Pa. ja6'69.
TINN 't: FURST, Attorneys—at-Law,
Bellefonte, Pa. ja6'69.tf.
It N. If ALLISTER.. - JAMES A. BEAVER.
VALLIS TE R BEAVER, Attorneys
-U. at-Law, Bellefonte Penn'a,. ja6'69.ly.
EDMUND BLANCIIARD. EVAN M. BLANCHARD.
MI So E. M. BLANCHARD, Attorneys-at
-121. Law, Allegheny St., Bellefonte, Pa.
WW. BROWN, Attorney-at-Law,
. Bellefonte, Penn'a., will attend
promptly to all business entrusted to his
JOHN IL GEMS. CYRUS T. ALEXANDXR.
ORVIS 4; ALEXANDER, Attorneys-at-
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Office in Conrad
House, Allegheny St. ja6'G9,ly.
J. KEALSH, Attorney-at-
W. Law, Bellefonte, Pa„ will attend
faithfully to all business entrusted to his
care. Deeds, Bonds, .1;e, executed in the
best style. • marlo'69 3m.
W 0a / ,
5 5 ' 4 0
0 0 p
P P ' 1
TTRIAH STOVER, Licensed Autioneer,
U will attend to all sales entrusted to his
care. Charges reasonable. Address, Eriela
Stover, Houserville, Centre Co., Pa.
20 1 30
EORGE F. HARRIS, M. D., Physician
Ur and Surgeon; Pension Surgeon for Cen
tre county, will attend promptly to all pro
fessional calls. Office on Hight St., N'irth
Side, • ja27'69.1y.
T D. WINGATE. D. D. S., Dentist. Of:
flee on the corner of Spring and Bishop
streets, Bellefonte, Pa. At home, except the
first two weeks of each month. Teeth ex=
tracted without pain. ja6'69.ly.
TAS. H. DOBBINS, Physician and
tr Surgeon. Office up-stairs in J. 11, Ille-
Clure's new Building, Bishop St., Bellennte,
Pa. Will attend to all business in his pro
fession, faithfully a all times, and all hours.
A B. ITATTCHISON & CO'S. Job 'Print
ing Office, " RepubFcan" Building,
Bishop St., Bellefonte; Penn'a. Every De
scription ofPlain and Fancy prlntinm ' dane
in the la eatest manner, and at prices below
city rates. ja6'69..
B. G. BUSH,
WISH 3; YOCUM, Attorneys-at-Law,
Bellefonte, Pa., will attend to all busi
ness entrusted to them, with promptness.—
Office on Northeast Corner of the Diamond,
in Mrs. Irvin's stone building. ja.13'69.3..
at Lary , Bellefonte, Pa: Collections,
all other and legal business in Centre and
the adjoining Counties, promptly attended
to. Office in Blanchard's LaW building, Al
legheny street. ja6'69.
WU. 11. BLAIII. IT. Y. STITZER.
D LAIR ,vs STITZER, Attorneys-at-Law,
Bellefonte, Pa. Can be consulted in
both the English and German languages.—
Office on the Diamond, nest door to Gar
man's Hotel. feblo'39.ly.
CENTRE CO. BANKING COMPANY.—
Receive Leposits and allow Interest;
Discount Notes; Buy and Sell Government
Securities, Gold and Coupons.
J. D SERTGERT, Cashier. jal3'6oy.
fEO. L. POTTER, M. D., Physi
cian and Surgeon, offers his profession
al services to the citizens of .Bellefonte and
vicinity. Office removed to house formerly
occupied by Mrs. Litingston, on Spring.st,
two doors South of Presbyterian church.
BELLEFONTE MEAT MARKET
BISHOP STBEEP, .BELLEFONTE PA.
The oldest Meat Market in Bellefonte.—
Choice meat of all kinds always on hand.
ja6'6o.ly. B. V. BLACK.
M. BROWN, Licensed Audion
' V eer, 'hereby informs the public that
ho holds himself in readiness at all times, to
attend to all Auctions, Vendues, or Public
Sales of personal or Beal Estate. Charges
reasonable. Call on, or address, William
Brown, Bellefonte, Pa. ma.rl7'69-I.y.
AN S. GRAHAM., Fashionable Darber,in
JY.L, Basement of the Conrad Muse Belle
fonte, Pa. The best of Razors, sharp and
keen, always on hand. Ito guarantees a
SUAVE, without either pulling or pain.—
Perfumery, Hair Oils, Hair Restoratives,
Paper Collars, be., constantly on hand. .
AARON R. PALIP. J. T. SALMONS. LEVIR PA SP.
lA - CP, SALMONS CO., Contractors
al:d Bricklayers, Bellefonte, Fa., adopt
this method of informing those wishing to
build that they will furnish Brick and lay
them, by the job, or by the thousand. Will
set Heaters, and do all kinds of wank in
their branch of Business. ja2oTo.ly.
JII. TOLBERT, AUCTIONEER Would
. respectfully juror= the citizens of Nit
tany Valley in particular, and tbo people of
Centre county in general, that he has taken
out a license and holds himself in readiness
to cry Auctions, or other sales at all times,
and at allplaces with in the limits of Von
dues, Centre and Clinton counties. Charges
ct BELFORD, D. D. S.-, Practical
L. 7 o Dentist; office and residence on How
ard Street, late the residence of Samuel Har
ris, deed. Dr. B. is a graivate of the Bal
thnore College of Dental Surgery, and re
spectfully offers his professional services
to the citizens of Bellefonte and:vicinity.—
Can be found at his residence except during
the last week of each month. apr14139-Iy.
JW. RHONE, DENTlST,Boalsburg Con
tre Co.,Pa.,most respectfullyinforms the
public that ho is prepared to execute any
description c f work in his profession Sat
isfaction rendered, and ratee as moderate
as may be expected.. Will be found in
his office during the week, commencing on
the first Monday of each month, and at
such other times as mzy be agreed upon.
INSURANCE-LIFE & FlRE.—Toseph
A. Rankin of this Borough, insures prop
erty for the following Stock and Mutual
companies, viz: Lycoming Mutual, York
Company, Pa., Insurance of North America,
Enterprise, and Girard of Phila., Pa., Home,
of New Haven, and any other reliable com
pany desired. Also, Provident Life Compa
ny of Phil'a., and other good Life Compa=
T. P. lIOLZ‘....HAN, Physician and
e_r Surgeon. having removed from Empori
um. Cameron county. has located in Miles
burg, Centre county, Pa., where he will
faithfully attend to all business entrusted to
him in his Profession. Office in his residence
on Alain St., where he can always be seen
unless professionally engaged. In his ab
sence from home, orders may be left 'a,t the
store of Thos. Holahan. marlo'G9-Iy.
BELLEFONTE, PA, APRIL 28, 186.9
" THERE'S NO SUCH THING AS
"There's no sueh.thing as death"
To those who think aright;
Tie but the racer casting off
What most impedes his flight!
'Tis but one little act,
Life's drama must contain ;
One struggle keener than the rest,
And then an end of pain.
A. 0. FIIItST
" There's no such thing as death"—
That which is thus miscalled,
Is the life escaping from the chains
That have so ion^ enthralled :
'Tis a once hidden star,
Piercing the clouds of night,
To shine in gentle radiance forth,
Amidst its kindred light.
" There's no such thing as death"—
In nature nothing diei
From each sad remnant of decay •
Some forms of life arise.
The faded leaf that falls
All sere and brown to earth,
Ere long will mingle with the shapes
That give the flowers birth.
" There's no such thing as death ;"
'Tis but the blossom-spray,
Sinking before the coming fruit,
That suits the summer ray;
'Tis but the bud displaced
As comes the perfect flower;
'Tis faith exchanged for sight,
And weariness for power.
History of to 49th Ponsylvallia.
BY A. B. HUTCHISON',
Late Captain of Coparty
the New Year—Consolidation of the Regi-
Ment—Burnsides' illud illareltHitnyry
Men—Our old Camps again—Our Brigade
Separated—Our new Camp-Furloughs and
Soft Bread—Corps Marks' or Badges-Gen,
Hooker's Popularity—Zcenty-second of
February—Polities in the Army—Address
to our Friends at Home—Preparatio)i for
the Stammer Campaign.
The new year found us under, the de
pressing influences of our late unsuc
cessful campaign, and could not have
very much in its advent to parallel the
holiday times it used to always bring.—
'We were busied in building anew our
winter quarters, in the old routine of fa
tigue, picket and drill, and the prospect
before us scarcely one to much inspirit
our troops with hope. Our thinned and
failing ranks were not recruited. Our
friends at home fought; filth• country's
battles by wordy conflict, in stores and
bar-rooms, criticising the conduct of the
men by whose side they should have
been fighting, and complaining of those
who were putting them to shame by pa
On the 11th day of January occurred
the most important incident in the his
tory of our regiment. We received an
order from the War Department; con
solidating the regiment into four com
panies. The often-quoted, ever-memo
rable Special Order No. 430, War De
partment, A. G. 0., series of 1862. By
this order, all the officers of the regiment
thus rendered supernumerary, were di-.
rected to be sent on the recruiting ser
vice. This consolidation destroyed every
company organization in the ressiment,
and four new ones were formed of the
fragments, the supernumeraries being
borne on a separate roll, as a sort of or
ganization of themselves. Col. Irwin,
Maj. Miles and the Adjutant went north
as supernumeraries, and Lt. Col,
lings was left in command of the regi
ment. Our old books and records were
completed, and forwarded to the proper
Departments, and new ones, dating from
our new organization, were commenced.
Captains Campbell and DeWitt resigned
their commissions, and the rest of the
supernumeraries, about fifty in number,
commissioned and noncommissioned of
ficers, departed for Pennsylvania. The
consolidation—parent of confusion, and
fountain of trouble in our subsequent
history—was now complete. In the end,
the measure proved beneficial to the re
giment, though not in the way it was ex.-
pected by the authors of the measure.
GEO. 31. YOCUM.
'On the 20th of January, we commenced
our march, again to attack the enemy,
across the Rappahannock. A general
order of General Burnsides' announced
to us the vast importance of the coming
conflict, and predicted our success from
the completeness of our preparation, and
the distraction of the enemy by the ope
rations of our forces in other parts of the
country. The weather seemed favorable,
although it was midwinter, and nothing
occurred to mar the pleasure of our
march to Bank's Ford, where we expect
ed to cross the river. But in the even
ing it began to rain, and all the night
the Water came down steadily and rapid : .
ly. Next day was the same, and all
movements seemed, for the time at least,
to be, per force, suspended. The roads
soon became so miserable that all trans
portation became impossible, and sixteen
to twenty-four horses were found neces
sary to move a single piece of artillery.
The lain continued, and the mud deep
ened, on the twenty-second, and finally
the movement was abandoned, and the
troops notified that they should be ready
to move back to our old camp.
Accordingly we commenced our march
on the twenty-third, wading through
mud. A large detail were busy improv
ing the roads by carrying the small
pines from the neighborhold to fill up
the mudholes and ditches. Our rations
were exhausted, and the trains, mud
bound, unable to supply us.
We were a hungry set of men, and
must march to the station at Falmouth
before we could get anything to eat.—
The marching through the mud was
hard toil, and when we arrived at Fal
mouth, the promised rations were eager
ly expected. Ifardtack, pork and whis
key were issued to all; and without wait
ing for more ceremony, we made our
dinners off the raw pork, hardtack and
whiskey, finding in this instance a veri
fication of the old proverb, that "hunger
is the best sauce."
- During the .afternoon, - we made our
way. to the camps we left a few days be
fore, to find them almost inundated with
the copious rains. Our enterprise was
ended, and with it, the campaign of the
winter. Although the failure was wholly
owing to the unfavorable condition of
the weather, the very fact of 'the failure
was enough to cause despondency among
the troops, and weaken, atilt more, the
confidende which we should have bad in
our commanding officers. Many influ
ential officers of the army secretly en
couraged, in an indirect way,. the grow
ing dissatisfaction in the army, and soon
a crisis came, when the President., refus
ing to relieve a large number of officers
at the request of Gen. Burnside, relieved
the commanding officer himself, at his
Maj. Gen. Jo'seph Hooker was assign
ed to the command of the army, Gener
als Franklin and Sumner being also re
lieved on his accession to command.—
The Grand Divisions were dropped, and
corps organizations, alone, recognized.
At this time, our old brigade organi
zation was broken up, and the 6th Maine,'
sth Wisconsin and 43d New York left us
to join the light Division, a new organi
zation, under the command of Gen'l
Pratt,'our Brigade commander. We were
then Brigaded with the 32nd, 33d and
18th New York, two year regiments, and
the 119th and 95th Penn'a. This change
also threw us into the Ist Division of the
Sixth 'corps, we having, always before,
been attached to the second. 'We soon
moved our camp to a new location, in
order. to get our brigade together. The
term of service of the two yeare' men be ,
ing nearly ended, we expected the bri
gade to be reduced by their discharge
Our new camp was a very favorable
one for winter quarters, being well drain
ed, and a dry sandy soil, with plenty of
Limbo.: for building and for fuel. I pre
sume there are few places that we shall
remember, longer, or more pleasantly
than ;130-amp at White Oak Church.—
Here tirst ve camas to the actual enjoy
ment of that great boon to the soldier—
furloughs; for Gen'l Hooker's second
general order provided for furloughs in
considerable numbers, and his third or
der made hardtack give way to soft
bread. Everything seemed to improve
as by magic, and 'our desponding and
demoralized army was soon in perfect
decipline, excellent humor, and complete
organization. Hooker proved himself a
master in organization, and his system
remained the foundation of the most im
portant of our after regulations. Gen-
Hooker also adopted and assigned badg
gee to all the different corps, divisions
and brigades,requiring everyman to ;rear
his proper mark, and each headquarters
to carry a proper color, an arrangement
of very great value in the field. These,
measures soon increased Gen'l Hooker's
popularity to the greatest height, since
the days of Gcn. McClellan, and he was
everywhere loved and respected.
The anniversary of the birth of Wash
ington found us in readiness to pay due
honor to the occasion, but the heavens
were not propitious, for it snowed alt
day, unceasingly, and made out door
operations almost impossible. We, how
ever, made up for it next day by celebra
ting it at the camp of the 119th Penn.
About this time there began to be felt
in the army the effects of the violent
political agitations which filled the press
of the North, and occupied, to too great
a degree., the attention of the country.—
There had long existed a well arranged
plan to make General McClellan Presi
dent of the United States, first by ren
dering him popular at the expense of the
Administration, which, it was thought,
would be secured through either his sue
ceqs in a policy opposed to theirs, or
through failure in a policy to be attrib
uted to them. Or, secondly; after his
fall, by rendering all others failures, in
turn, to justify him, and, by a well con
certed system of misrepresentation, to
make the army believe that the people
were nnwilling to keep up the conflict by
fresh levies, and to convince the people
that the army was deporalized, and
in danger of mutiny. The tendency of
the party, in whose bands the Govern
ment was placed, to become anxious for
peace, to save themselves from the fu•
ture responsibilities and risks attending
the wielding of power, and shaping of
policy, in so critical a time, rendered the
political horizon very dark, for the very
uncertainty of the future; at such a seas
on, was itself cause for anxiety. As these
discussions waxed warm, the army began
to be restive under the charges the
friends of McClellan found it necessary
to make to sustain the theory that he
alone was qualified to be its commander,
and that it had fallen into unsoldierly
practices since his retirement, and every
where from the soldiers began to be sent
out indignant denials, and frank expres
sions of sentiment. The soldiers of the
Forty-ninth, addressed to the people of
their native State, whom they represent
ed, the following paper, signedby nearly
all the officers and men of the regiment.
Tbis was not done in the interest of any
political faction, but as a vindication of
ourselves, an expression of our opinion,
and as a rebuke of those who, under col
or of political sentiment, were striving
to aid our enemies, and divide our coun
" To the People of Pennsylvania .
The undersigned, soldiers of the 49th
Penn'a Vol's, observing, with sorrow and
shame, the too evident decline of that
patriotic enthusiasm which prompted
you, the people of our native State, to
send us, your neighbors, sons and broth
ers,to the defence of our Nation's unity,
desire to say one word to you ere you go
too far in the fatal course you are pur-
"You are told that we are demoral
ized, dispirited, and ready to revolt.—
That is' a deliberate slander. The authors
of it are traitors to their country—ene
mies to us. In all we have ever been
called upon to do, or to suffer, the thought
Of disobedience, or mutiny. has never
once occurred to us. . Permit us to ro•'
mind you that we are soldiers. That we
enlisted— with a full knowledge of all
the"meaning of.that act—in the service
of our Government. That we have ever
been treated by that Government with all
the kindness and consideration possible.
That we have ever received all that was
promised us, if not always with prompt
ness, yet ever with certainty., The com
plaints you have heard coma from the
stragglers and cowards, not from the
true soldiers of this army.
•iWe fight for no,General. We follow
any one Who may be appointed to lead
us. We care for no man's glory, and no
party's success. While there is war in
the land, we belong to the party in whose
hands is placed, under the Providence of
God, the destinies of our country; for it
we fight, and we care nothing at all for
the preservaticin of the, interests of those
who, without any provocation, have at
tempted the destruction of all the inter•
ests dear to us, (Why should we or you ?)
of those who are awaiting us, armed for
our destruction, whom neither we nor
our Government ever injured, who, per
haps, more wise than ourselves,•hang,
shoot and imprison those in their midst,
who dare express even a wish for peace
under the old fitfg.
"You desire peace. You know not, as
we do, the horrors of war. We see, and
understand, the inestimable value of
peace, therefore, we beg of you to give
all your energies to the prosecution of
this war In its complete success is our
only hope of peace, Its failure is eter
nal disturbance and war. Nothing so
prolongs, and adds to the horrors of war,
0.84 a weak and vacillating prosecution of
it. No tenderness is so unmerciful to us,
as tenderness towards our open or secret
"We Gannet believe you have ceased
to love the old flag; yet you seem to love
the banners of your political factions
more. We can scarcely think that you
value slavery more than Nationality,
Freedom and Union; yet we hear from
you Tore of condemnation of the una
voidable blow leveled at that God forsak
en, man-cursing institution, than of the
deliberate attempt to overthrow the best
and freest of all thenatiens of the earth.
" You seem to care more for the pre
servation of an institution which has
made poor white men poorer than ne
groes, and rendered negroes• a double
curse to the soil they ruin in slaVery,
and the country their masters, and their
master's friends would ruin to keep
them in slavery.
"You have tried to make us believe
that this war was waged for political
purposes, and have tried to persuade us
that we are fighting.against our interests.
koow better. We , know that the only
men who ever rebelled against this Gov
ernment, were those who lived by this
institution, whose destruction, in the
shock of war, you mourn over as though
it were something great and good;-some
thing precious as liberty, instead of be
ing,.as it is—evil, and that only- 7 10
black and to white men—to the soil it
impoverishes, and leaves to grow up to
forest, and to the country it first dis
turbs by its poisonous influences, and
afterwards strives to throttle for its own
"We have only to say that you mty,
or may not,-as seems best to you, prove
false to the allegiance, more sacred than
oaths, you incurred when you inherited
the blood, and were born under the flag
of our fathers.
"We shall not be false to our blood,
our birthplace, or our oaths. Yon con
demn the policy of our administration as
unwise. Wise, or unwise, its success is
the country's only hope—its failure, the
country's ruin. If you oppose it, you
oppose us. If you fight against it, you
will find yourselves fighting against us.
You complain that men are deprived of
liberty, who incite disaffection, and be
ing too cowardly to act the traitor, talk
treason, and incite munity and discon
tent. We have surrendered our liberty
for years, of our own free will, to save
our country's freedom, and preserve our
country's laws. We are made slaves for
a day, and willingly, that we and our
children, and you, and your children,
and our enemies and their children may
be freemen forever. Is it unjust that our
enemies should be better treated than
we? If so, the injustice is to us, not
them. Are we unjust to our enemies?
We haVe ever fought them as open ene
mies—treated them as prisoners of war
—fed their poor, and clothed them, and
guarded ilteir property, who refuse a cup
of cold water to the soldiers who fight for
the Union. Justice to them is punish
ment the same thing r which it becomes
to the felon at the bar.
"You may prove false to your trust—
we shall not. Too many of our comrades
are buried in Southern soil for.us to -al
low any flag, but the Stars and Stripes,
to wave over it.
"No other flag shall ever float
_Above our homes or graves.'
"We have suffered too much—risked
too much—lost too much to falter now,
and make it all in vain.
"We warn you and entreat you—en
treat you by all the glorious memories
of our country's history—by all our
hopes for its future, not to dishonor us
—not to disgrace your birth—not to de
sert your flag. We warn you of the fate
of the Tories of the Revolution—would
call to your remembrance the peace men,
who met in convention at Hartford; and
we warn you of the future, if we are to
share a future with you—we do not
mean to allow this nation to be ruined
by you, as we do not- mean it shall be.
conqu erect by our armed foes. You prom
ised your aid when we left you; you
have -proved false to your pledges as to
your country. T 0 1 .4 promised us sympa
thy; you expend your synipathy on our
enemies, and send us treasonable publi
cations, discouraging and complaining
letters. You encourage the cowards who
desert our ranks, and believe their lies,
who lie to justify the highest crime a
soldier can commi': •We liaire b'orrie the
burden of the war; you, as yet, we be..
lieve, have never paid a tax for its pro
secution, and you have not prospered
less on account of it. You are cowards
who are frightened at a shadow of the
sacrifices you would be glad to meet if
you were men, worse than which you
must encounter, if stouter hearts and
truer, ward them not dff from you.
" You called us 6oys . when weleft you;
perhaps wo were. But we have demon
strated our claims to the dignity of man
hood. Prove you yours.
" To those of you who are true to our
country we now appeal— we may never
again behold our native hills— may fail
to enjoy the fruits of our labors and sac:
rificee,as many of cur companions have.
We implore you to stand by our Govern
ment. Aid it in all. it does, right or
wrong. Aid us in establishing its au
thority, and fortifying its power. When
that ie done, and we get home from the
wars, if it be right,wo will help you keep
it right; if wrong, will help yen make
rt right. We ask you to fight against the
principles of the northern renegade, not
by condemning and insulting your neigh
bors, whom traitors have misled, but by
informing and instructing them.
"Organize as the friends of the Gov
ernment; but one can exist in this coun
try. We can decide its politics at the
ballot-box when the war is over. Do
you love slavery . ? Only love the Union
more; it is we ask. Do you hate
slavery? Be patient; it committed sui
cide when it struck at the Government
which had preserved it.
" Stand-by our President and his' ad
ministration-in this war. Its cause is
the country's. Its failure is our, ruin.
Stand by us. Send us loyal papers—en
couraging letters. [toot out the incipi
ent treason at home. Pill up our ranks.
Organize to enforce the demands of the
Government for men and money.. Arrest
the deserters to be found among you.—
Do as we have done; enlist for the war,
and swear to support the laws ; and obey
the President." •
A TOTIGII ONE.—The "Fat Contribu
tor" gets off this latest story: " Talk
about bedbugs," said Bill Jones,whohad
been across the plains,"you should have
seen some of the critters I met in Idaho
last spring. I stopped one night with
some settlers, who lived in a log cabin
containing only one room and a loft.—
When it came near time to go to bed they
strung a blanket across the middle of the
room, and the settler's family slept on
one side of and gave me tother. I laid
down to sleep, and the bedbugs began to
gather like lunch-eaters at a free lay
out, I tried to kiver up and keep away
from 'em, but the pesky varmints would
catch hold of the bed clothes and pull
them off from 'me. They didn't think
nothing of dragging me around theroom
if I held on. fit 'em till about mid
night, and then looked around for some
way to escape. There was a ladder reach
ing up into the loft, and I thought the
best way to, get away from the blood-
suckers was to climb up thar, so I did.
There wasn't any bugs in the loft, and I
laid down congratulating myself on my
escape. Pretty quick I heard the lad
der squeaking as if somebody was com
ing up. Bimeby I say o, bedbug raise
himself through the floor and look care.,
fully around the loft. Soul's he paw me
he motioned to his chums below, the
blood 7 thirsty cuss, and grind esultinly
Come up boys, he's here I
Ox - Sunday week, a handsome Bible
was presented to a little girl,Miss Mazie
Burner, of Columbia, as a prize offered
to the Sunday school scholar that would
bring the greatest number of new schol
ars to the school during the year.
A nnunxican in Terre Haute tried to
climb a fence into his yard the other
night, but by mistake clamerecl over
the wall-curb and tumbled down sixly
feet, where he was. found .in about a
&cam—When you see a young man
and woman walking down street leaning
against each other like a pair of badly
matched oxen, it is a pretty good sign
they are bent on consolidation,
--What is taken from you before you
get it Your photograph.
VOL, 1, NO, 17.
Odds and Enas.
—A weeding wedding—Marrying a
—Carpets are bought by the yard.and,
worn by the foot.
—"My tale is ended,'? as-the, tadpole
said when he tnrnedinte,a bullfrog. y
—lforr to avoid being, considered
above your business—Never live•over,
—"Go to the ant thou sluggard yet
there are many idle poor who prefer to .
go their unole.
—lt is folly to eat without an appetite,
or continue to eat after it has been. 04 4 ,
isfied, merely to, gratify the taste.
—"Shingle weddings" are becoming._
fashionable in lowa. They occur when,
the first child is old enough to spank,
—Words should be secooded„by . actions; .
it isn't enough for a housewife to say too,
stocking with a hole in it,"Yonbe. darn
Ciregop, drinking is said ; to be
preventive against small-pox, and the,
present style of invitation is, "let's
—The . 4 oldest inhaditant" admits that .
it is sweet to have friends you oan.trust,
but more convenient to have friends who ,
—A. country magistrate being called,
on to marry a couple, said: c‘l pronounce
you man and 'wife," "and may God have
mercy on your souls. Amen!"
l's/ England 'many farmers snpporli.
large families on the prodnee of six. En.:,
glish acres of land,besides paying heavy
taxes. Many in Germany do even hotter,
—A cyniscal wag, seeing on, the tomb.
of a wife whom he knew to be a shrew
in life, the inscriptiOn: " I shall rise
again," added the words, "But don't let
my poor husband know
—" How well •be plays for one ad
young !" said Mrs. Partington, as the
organ-boy performed with a monkey near
the door, and how much his little broth
er looks like him, to be sure.
—Ex-Governor Sprague, of Rhode . Is-,
land, has a fine farm in the south_of the
state, on which he keeps mamoth oxen.
Re has now one pair weighing 4,100
pounds, andtwo others weighing 3,000
—"Have you dined ?" said a hungry
man to his friend.
• "I. have, upon ray honer,'-' replied he.
"Then," replied the first, "If you hate
dined upon your honor, I fear you have
had - a scanty meal."
—A certain little damsel, having been
aggravated beyond endurance by, her ,
big brother, plumped down upon her
knees and- cried, " 0 Lord! bless my
brother Tom. He lies, he steals, ho
swears ; all baysdo—Trs GIRLS Dozer,—
Is your father at home?" inquir
ed the man of the little girl who admit
ted him. ,! Is your namaßill ?" “Some,
people call mo so," he replied. "Then
he is not at home, for I heard him tell
John if any bills came,to say he was. not,
—A three year old neighbor saw,. a
drunken man "tacking" thro' the street
"Mother," said he, "did God make that
man?" She replied in the affirmative.
The littrE fellow reflects for a moment,
and then exclaimed, " I wouldn't have
—Here is a bit of French romance which
"Well,Gasten,i'm told you are planted.
"It is true, Lewis."
' - "What sort of a woman is your,wife
"Why, she is no beauty,but has a good
deal of money and ayery pretty chamber-
— * The other day X. called on maddame
"Maddam, can I see your husband n.
"No, sir; he is out atpresont. He went
out to buy a cigar."
“Did he say when he would return ma-.
"Has he been gone long?".
"Mcro than twenty years."
"Ah, I see,' said X., he wanted to get,
a good one."
—Pat was helping Mr. Blank to get a
safe into his office,and not being acquaint
ed with the article,asked what it was for.
"To prevent papers and other articles
which are placed in it from being burnt in .
case of fire," said Mr. B.
"An' shure,vrill nothing iver burn that
is put in tbat.thing?"
“N 0 .,,
"Well, then, your honor, you'd better
be aftor getting into that same thing when
Mr. Blank "wilted."
—The wife of good Deacon—bid fare
well to this vale of tears in the goodly
town of D—,in Connecticut, leaving the
widower disconsolate indeed. After hay
ing laid her in her quiet resting place,he
Ordered a costly" marbel to be erected
over the loved and lost, and 'with the
name and age, the following inscription:
"Let her rest in peace."
The sculptor, either a bugglar or very
careless, found after. carving the words ,
"Let her," he had not sufficient room to
finish the sentance, so concluded the
initials of the other words would convey
the meaning. We can imaginethe cons
ternation of the worthy deceased so see
ing so irreverent a motto on her tomb
"Lei her r. i.. p."