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go USE AlfD FARM* : %
a* Kind to Your Hor*e« t
HowSra Often a horse stumbles,
B cause whatever, do not
tO , ,t him, for the animal
Sto be chided. Do not shake
2 wins, for his mouth is much
*L gcasitive than your lips are.
n not use the whip, for the horse
V tnrallv so timid that the mo
vou begin to correct him, he
60 terrified that he loses
tro l of his reasoning faculties,
C ° B d in h iB blind terror P lang6B
JL, and fails* to obey. # .
The right eburse to parsne is to
i[tl t quietly but firmly to the crea
\ Comfort the trembling am
tUn? • • . /* •
, with the magic of your voice,
br in 2 back those perceptions
jch h elp your horse to guard
repeating the action of
f tumbling- This manner of pro
edQre is far more humane and
reasonable than to yell at the animal,
or lash him fiercely, thus frighten-
j Q<r an d bewildering him, instead of
teaching him what is expected of
Gathering and Salting Batter
In the process of churning, sepa
ntion commences by the formation
of particles of butter into small and
nearly uniform lumps. In the bar
rel chum this uniformity continues,
v heo at the right temperature, un
til the lumps have reached a half
, poaD d or more in weight. When
about the size of a butternut, the
m! Jk should be drawn and a pail of
pare cold water added to a batch of
-sixty or seventy pounds in weight
fee water must be used in warm
weather. The churn should then
be revolved only enough to thor
oughly rinse the mass. More than
this would cause the formation of
too large lumps to permit the salt
to be readily diffused through it.
The water should then be with
drawn, and a somewhat larger]
amount added, the churn again re
volved in the same manner, and the
water again withdrawn. This sec
ond water should present but a very
slightly milky appearance, and
should all be removed. The churn
and its contents should then be
placed upon the scales and weighed,
and by subtracting the known weight
cf(he churn the nnmt"-
of butter will be obtained. Pure,
well-sifted Ashton, or other salt
should then be added in the propor
tion of one ounce of salt to each pound
o! butter, and the churn again revolv
ed until the mass is thoroughly mix
ed. It can thus be quickly accomplis
ed without exposure to the warm air
of the room. The amount to be
u«ed, however, should be determined
by circumstances. It designed for
the general market, or to be stored,
the amount specified should be used.
It for a special market, and for im
mediate use, the tastes of the con
‘ liners should be consulted.
The Coming Hay Crop
In one of the halt agricultural,
b.t political meetings held in the
H '-st recently, one of the leading
-peakci-fi, after advocating strongly
tat hoe-trade interest, declared that
’• all nonsense that supply and
'ltmand governed prices. It was
combination and association, he
which ruled in the matter, and
combination and association
farmers could get almost any price
asked for their products, and
compel those they bought of to take
°lf er they chose to make. Of
Cj J!>e one can understand that the
poaker meant any price “in rea
-1 > r, "■
whatever this 1 common ex*
| '"'ion may mean, although in the
,r u-f report of his speeh as it ap
if does not appea r that lie
i-'iinrd the remark in any degree.
|^T!it rc is just enough of truth in
ln akc it current with people
* 0 not look very deep beneath
surface of things. Every one.
that men unite in bodies, and
■ str 'i' e s sometimes get higher
Speculators buy grain and
Jer merchantable articles and
x; vr<? lc ‘ m U P in immense quanti
finally st lling out, sometimes
highly advanced rales. But af
vvt! ' S not com bination
ra ' ses the price, but the com*
an ! tn< ; Bcar city which the combi*
tun i n ,| j g ru p in g
¥IJ e , r 10 l^e case. It is a law of
ThJ ' eman d in any event.
(•nJv/ S a ver y great differ
. snc , eUeen a scarcity caused by
[ PCU ators and one by an actual
r— ; 111 i :=== T =ir ~ ~ ~
shortness of the crops. Id the one withdat
case we never know whea.thehold-. tringencyjn^
1 era are going to let ont Jecifcnj>f
us, but when we know there is a
real short crop antpno put /laying gree.
stock to compete with hs/Ve can laHL'vStyx;
make a legitimate calculation a#to masticated
how to act. ', N v JV' j I .will be dis)
Measured by >Jiis bd; this cl Jji
steady rates. Last season"" about* pe Sovta e axlicr. Battfs
this time, top -very told P4ne-appfe J&eet is the
heavily on IhM £>i*o<»pective hay-Srop, ble
and prices advanced considerably, early, land-will not rimtoseed.
There was no realscarcity at that ‘
time, but old barns and barracks'
were emptied - Immense
quantities wpre put in the market,;
but still tbepiigbrfiguers weremain
taiued. TheHshbrt crop cameras
was anticipated.,' JJsaally these
things are ‘‘disobunted ?in advance**
and people thoughtthaV though , the
short crop \camfe,. : /people having
bought heavily\wpiald not ne&dvps
much in the fall, and prices v^uld
decline. Bat it has not been so,
and although- at -thne
there is a prospect of one of the
heaviest hay-crops ever known,
there is no serious break in last
Bat still it is the same law of sup*
ply and demand operating in anoth
er way. The temptation of higher
prices having emptied the barns of
their old stock, there is nothing to
break the market with. If a heavy
stock were still on hand, there
would be a rash td“ avoid the
low prices of a certain low price
next fall. As it is there will be no
serious fall in hay till after the new
crop is gathered.— €hrmantoioii
A Care for Egg-Sacking.
The Country Gentleman suggests
a way to prevent/hens eating their
eggs. It is to fill an egg with a
solution of pepper, and put theegg
back in the nest. A Danbury man
has tried this and says it works like
a charm. He put a pretty good
dose of pepper in the egg, and plac
ed it in the nest of the criminal.
Pretty soon the hen came around
and took hold. It was a brindle
animal, with long legs, and some
what conceited. It dipped in its bill
and inhaled the delicacy. Then it came
out-uuura. it nian't gauop out, we
don’t mean, but it came out—came
out to look at the scenery, and see
if it was going to rain. Its mouth
was wide open, and the feathers on
the top of its head stood straight
up. Then it commenced to go
around like a circus horse. Once
in a while it would stop and push
out one leg in a tone of astonish
ment, and then holler “fire,” and
start on again. The other hens came
out to look on. Soon the hens from
the neighbors came over the fence,
and took up a position of observa
tion. It was quite evident that the
performance was something entirely
new and unique to them. There is
a good deal of humane nature in
hens. When they saw this hen
dance around and have all the fun
to herself, and heard it shout “fire,”
and could not see the conflagration
themselves, they filled up with
wrath, and of accord sprang upon it,
and before the Danbury man could
interfere, the brindle hen with the
long legs was among the things
that were. He says the receipt is
In the process of cooking beets
they are frequently made ver •f hard
and almost inedible, and the seeds
man or gardener is made to bear the
coesequencea of the cook’s short
comings. Following up our experi
mental trials, we have looked into
the cook’s department, and offer to
our readers the following conclu
sion : 1. In preparing beets for
cooking, the greatest care must be
taken not to bruise the skin, or in
any way wound the root; and if by
accident any injury has been done
to the root, bake and not boil. 2. If
a deep crimson hue is the color pre
ferred in the beet, or firm flesh, this
is the best attained by baking the
roots. 3. If a light, clear, bright
color is desired, or a soft juicy
flesh, then boiling will secure this.
4. If a rich, agreeable flavor is sought
for, then select the beet which, be
fore cooking, has the most purple
in it, and the flavor may be discov
ered by masticating a small portion
of the uncooked root If good it will
leave a rich, agreeable flavor on the
v xv/’\ «( fte K«A«r.
The Commissioner orAgvioulture
m an ajrtiole : on ma
marks -on the
says: ' implements for
nee upon the farm there is no one
which tells of greater benefits than
tbdf roller. It pulverizes the clods,
smoothes the surface for the scythe,
or ! reaper, and compacts the
earth about the seed and roots of
plants; but above all and of most
object of plowing and, harrowing; A
roUer| greatly* ]
That small stones and to Ugh places
should be driven out 'of the wayof
the scythe or mower is a desidera
tum which every farmer will appre
ciate, and when the seed .is first
sown/and when the frosty winter er
thawing of the spring have loosened
its growth upon the surface it may
be imagined hCw it would be ~ bench
fited by giving it a bed the earth
again. But its most useful purpose
is less satisfactory explained* for its
only proof is only found in . the ex
perience of its use. ■ All know, that
most ot the vermin which afflicts
the farmers* crop has its resting stnd'
often its breeding place in the earth;
there,'and upon the ybuog and ten
, der plant, where it deposits its eggs.
The cut worm destroys corn at the
surface; the Hessian fly deposits its
eggs upon the wheat blade, which
often falls to the ground. The
earth, in fine, is fully charged with
the eggs and embryo of vermin of
all sorts in all stages, and it may
readily be imagined what an amount
of destruction would follow the pas
sage of a heavy roller over the sur
We are glad to notice that the old
fashioned triangular harrow is going
out of use, and its place- is being
taken by those of less weight and
more economical shape. By the use
of steel instead of iron much small
er teeth may be used, and much less
sharpening is needed. We have in
use a jointed harrow of our own
construction, which we like as well
as any we have seen. It is compos
ed of two frames, four feet by five,
with eighteen steel teeth each, made
of three-quarter inch round steel.
The place of attachment for draft is
so arranged that the harrow is capa
ble of fine or coarse work, which
will vary from the finest garden to
the heaviest soil. It will cover a
space six to seven feet wide and
doei its work much better than the
heavier triangular harrow, and cov
ers much more surface.
We find it a most effectual imple
ment for stirring the soil of a potato
patch about the time the sprouts are
coming out of the ground, and after
one or two good harrows we find the
remainder of the culture to be light
work... The expense of keeping it
sharp is not more than one-half that
needed for*the same number of iron
teeth.— Weekly Age.
Rusks.— One pint of warm milk,
1 teacupiul of yeast or 1 yeast cake,
£ a cupful of butter, 1 cup of white
sugar, flour, enough to make the
dough of the consistency of biscuit.
After the sponge of milk, yeast and
flour is light, and the other ingredi
ents. Let it rise again, then mould
into small round cakes ; put in but
tered tins, and bake one hall an
hour.' Beat the yolk of an egg in
milk, and mb over the top of each
rusk as soon as baked.
French Rolls or Twist.— One
quart of lukewarm milk,a tablespoon
ful of salt, a teaoupful of yeast, and
flour enough to make a stiff batter.
When very light, add a beaten egg
and 2 tablespoanfuls of butter, and
knead flour until stiff enough to
roll. Let it rise again, and when Very
light roll out and ouf in strips and
braid ~it. Bake, thirty minutes on
.ny sensation ot as
;i ;,' AMSTRI
' '■ ' !; ... ... ~ ,1 , .. ■ ’. 1
F<m premiums wherever exhibited—Price* low
; hand Inatrumepta
From Mt. EdvnrdS&man, VaeOitiraMt PuaOtt.
. I console ntlooely believe thxtyoar PUfip U In
every rejpect a wort initrvment.
_ Wl^a ' & SON *
rriO I«BDp • MUTUAL
, .*> |t
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
*:*>' -A I:
i - s
ORGANIZED IN APRIL, 18 TO.
• a 'Ta>f> ,^‘!e s ff #'=r %&M
r > vv' #i(£»M •*-W *li, '«v
r'lu : -• ~: • .
HOK. W. W. JONBS v ktnii O.fc.SGRIBNBR,
Hon.U. A. KING,
S, H. BBSOHN,
C. L. LUCS,
J. R. SWIOART,
JOHN CXJUHINGB, L. T. THAYER,
MAGEE BWAYNB, CLARENCE MORRIS,
J. W. ROSE, B. W.B. KOCH,
pelbqT?. clarke; ;w. a; watte,"
CHAR. COCHRAN. i
~ : v-... .'i ' r &-■: >?
‘ * , - ji .’//o’*
P. J. KING, Yice Presidenfc 1
. '• j\> ililiuud
CHARLES GOCHRAHi Se&dftr?.
, ■ - i i lr \ 'y-n
J. P. ARIS, Asdiatint Bec*etar£ V;!
W. W. JOKES, Medical Examiner.
WILLIAM BAKER, Attorney.
THE TOLEDO MUTUAL
WILL ISSUE ALT. THE
USUALLY ISSUED BY
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES,
At the usual rates charged by other
Reliable Companies .
Those insured in this Company are permitted to
travel by, the nsnal routes, to or trom any portion
of the western Hemisphere, north of and includ*
lug the United States, or to or (tom any portion of
Europe, and to reside within said limits of'travel,
without extra charge.
AN EXCELLENT FEATURE.
UPON SURRENDER OP AN
ORDINARY LIFE POLICY
At any time after the payment of one
ONE FULL ANNUAL PREMIUM,
The holder of such policy win be entitled to just
A 3 MUCH PAID VP INSURANCE
As any other man of like age can
OBTAIN FOR A CASH PREMIUM
VALUE OF THE POLICY,
Computed in accordance with the rate of
Mortality ... and Interest
7 hat may hare been adopted as the standard
* fo the State for t^e
VALUATION OF LIFE POLICIES
C'J K- m L 5
* * VTk'v ••
Hos. W: Af [ COLLINS
PBRBT GBABBS* ‘
J. R. OSBORNE,
• . tffl .
1 i a-**-
' ' }
0 NOT FAIL TO EXAMINE IT.
UNDER FEED SEIIHG MACHINE.
A SPECIAL WARRANTEE FOB FIVE YEARS
FURNISHED WITH BACH MACHINE,
SEWING MACHINE COMBINATION.
PRICE COMPLETE $5O 00.
LEE S. SMITH,
NO. 14 SIXTH ST., (LATE ST. CLAIB.,)
AGENTS WANTED IN THIS COUNTY.
Most Liberal Terms both in per cent and time.
Stevenson & wittish’s land
198, Penn at, (near St. Clair Hotel) Pittsburgh,
Pa., and Beaver Falls, Pa.
Exclusive Agents for Allegheny, Beaver and
Lawrence counties of the lands of the A. T. & San
ta Fe B. B.: (can give tickets at reduced rates to
go and see these unde;) also lands of Union Pa
cific and Iron Ut. A Ark. Railroads. Have over 60
farms for sale. Call at either office and examine
our register. We offer for sale the following prop
A GOOD FARM.
This farmcon tains 53 acres of first class soil;
mostly cleared; with enough of good timber; sit
uated about four miles from New Brighton, on the
New Castle road, in North Sewickly twp , Beaver
county. Pa.; has a very good orchard, the farm Is
In good repair; there Is-
A NEWFRAME HOUSE OP SIX ROOMS,
well finished, and a large frame barn with other
outbuildings. Plenty of good water at the house;
tunning water on the place. Price f 5,000 in pay
ments. Adam Kirk, Jr., owner.
A GOOD DAIRY. STOCK OR GRAIN FARM
In Big Beaver township, Beaver county. Pa., con
taining abont 140 acres—of which 120 acres are
cleared, SB acres first bottom land: 30 acres in oak
timber: balance of cleared land ; gently rolling ;
all under fence, on the P. Ft. W. & C. Railroad ;
building on a good township road one-half mile
from Homewood station; soil is first class and all
can be worked by machinery. Improvements, one
newly weather-boarded log honse of 5 rooms, two
stories high, veranda and frame kitchen, with
pleasant surroundings, one new two-story frame
honse of 4 rooms, portico in front; a good cellar;
spring of water and well close to house; one new
bank bam, with stone foundation, 40x6(1, with
plenty of stabling for horses and cows; com crib,
smoke honse. and all nsnal outbuildings; a first
rate orchard of various kinds of fruit trees in good
bearing condition, and a young orchard. This place
la in a very pleasant part of the county, with eve
ry surrounding object to make it agreeable and at
tractive, and is a first-class farm in a good neigh
borhood, close to schools, churches, post-office and
station—will subdivide this tract if desired by the
purchaser, for sale. Price, fBO per acre, in pay
ments. George B. McCready. owner.
A SPLENDID GARDEN OK DAIRY FARM,
containing about 107 acres, of which 82 acres are
cleared and under a high state of cultivation, well
fenced, mostly post and rail, and in splendid order;
ten springs on the place, two orchards containing
325 apple and 100 peach trees, bearing and in good
condition; about 27 acres of the nest quality of
timber; a good frame barn 50x36 feet, with stabling
underneath; a new frame stable 16x30; a new corn,
crib, a good frame house of font rooms and cellar,
a good milk house, an excellent enclosed garden
patch: plenty of small fruit such as
quinces, grapes, Ac. Neat to a new school nouee,
1& miles from Industry on the C. AP. Railroad,
good roads to station. The soil is good and the
form is well adapted to dairy or stock purposes,
and Is considered one of th& best. Price 80 per
acre, in payments. Benjamin Todd, Owner.
* We will give men and women
BUSINESS THAT WILL PAY
from $4 to f 8 per day; can be pursued in your own
neighborhood: It is a rare for those ontof
employment or. having leisure time: girls and
boys frequently dO ah well as men. Particulars
.■-» J. LATHAM A CO.,
292 Washington St., Boston, Mass.
THE NEW WILSON
BEST IN THE WORLD.
TO THE HIGH PRICED
We trim nlcagtirc In showing it.
& S .O "INS
for the reality. Large prices allowed for Second
t& Bxchange. -■ ■ -■ •••:
* From tht Independent.'
The Atoeilean Piano has deaemdly become ■
for nioccapifii territory.
417 Broome St., N. Y.
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S« Et§*§- f|P
V ■■ 9 '
JOHN THORNILEY, PROPRIETOR.
S® B 2
s«S w o
GREAT REPUBLIC ,
COOKING STOVE IN USB.
1,000 NAMES ATTEST ITS MERITS.
NEW ADJUSTIBLE GRATE
Throws oar more heat with less fuel and less dost
than any other.
ENGINES AND CASTINGS
OF ALL KINDS MADE TO ORDER
REASONABLE RATES TO ALL.
O. L. EBERHABT.
WORD WITH YOU!
To Bay Property,
To Sell Property,
Toar House Insured,
Yoar Goods Insured,
To Insure Against Accldento
To Lease Your House,
To Hire a Bouse,
To Bay & Farm,
To Sell a Farm.
Any Legal Writing Done,
Do not GUI to call at the office of
If You Want
EBERHART & BEDISON,
GENERAL INSURANCE AGENTS AND
REAL ESTATE BROKERS,
No. 223 BROADWAY, NEW BRIGHTON,
Beaver County, Pa.
Letters of administration on the estate .of Sarah
Tornbyand Elizabeth Laney. of Economy town
ship, Beaver county, deceased, having been grant?
ed to the undersigned, all persons indebtedto said
estate are reqnestedto make immediate payment,
and those having claims against the same to pre
sent them properly authentlcatedfor settlement to
REUBEN HENDRICKSON, Adm’r.
m CM .
W. L. BEQISON