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house and farm.
Farmers and Patents.
A farmer sees a gate, a clevis, or
gome other useful contrivance illus
trated in the Agriculturist or some
othsr paper, and it raeetinghis wants
be makes one and uses it. His
neighbor living sevejral miles off sees
thc'affair and makes one like it, and
go the thing gets into use througout
a largo section of country. At length
there comes along a chap who claims
that he holds a patent upon the
crate or other device, that the farmer
J as infringed upon his rights and
threatens immediate prosecution if
royalty is not paid. In nine cases
ou ’ t of ten the fanner is intimidated
hy the assurance of the fellow, and
t „ avoid trouble pays the sura de
mallliedf and the fellow, who is in
n j ne cases out of fen a swindler,
g aes on to fleece the next farmer.
This, in brief, is the story that comes
t 0 USI so often that we are sore that
a lar.re amount of swindling is car
ried on in this manner. Being in
Washington a while ago. we had an
interview with the Hon.-Coramis
sioner of Patents, with a view to
see what could be done to stop this
no w c-rievous nuisance. The Com
missioner is entirely in sympathy
with the farmers, and is ready to do
all in his power to save them from
imposition. He told us several things
in relation to the matter it is
450 i advisable to publish,, as the
TO gucs would be put on their guard.
We give our friends the following
advice : In the first place, do not
l>e frightened. Most farmers are
willing to make almost any sacrifice
in order to avoid anything that looks
like a lawsuit, and these swindlers
know it. Acting upon this knowl
edge, they bluster and threaten.
Lei them blow. They can not, un r
der any circumstances, bring you
inti) cotifct, under several months,
is their chief reliance.
laapian claims that you have in
fl|pd his patent, demand to «ee
the Ipuent. If he cannot show• it,
or £jive you its date of issue and the
name in which it was issued, do not
. bother him. Demand the date, aud
d you get it tell Lira to call again.
Porno money until you have writ
ten to the Patent Office at Washing
ton, to ascertain-if such a patent
was issued on such a date. Jse
particular about the date. Do not
fear, that being an unknown individ
ual the application will be unnotic
ed. It is a part of the business of the
office to answer just such letters.
If the pretended owner of the patent
is a fraud, he,- finding that-you are
uot frightened and know what you
are about, will not trouble you any
more. Still there are cases in which
the farmer may have unwittingly
infringed upon the patent right of
an invention. Publishers of jour
nals are sometimes imposed upon
hy persons who send them drawings
of 111 ings that have already been
patented. An honest owner of a
patent is likely to be a fair man, and
vhi'n you are fully convinced that
y ni have unwittingly trespassed up
*-'■ Ids rights, there will generally be
r difficulty in effecting a settle-
lt is only the pretenders
"no bluff and bluster. Do not be
'hind <>f any who try intimidation,
d adopt the course ‘ we have here
ooun>cled.— Exchange .
On one occasion the writer desir-.
( d to erect a board-fence around a
d which was free from stones,
i: 1 he proceeded on the following
Han: The line of the fence was
’ :i 'd out perfectly straight, and
small stakes were driven into the
pooiiiui sixteen feet apart. A sharp
"edge-shaped pointed crow-bar was
procured, with which holes were
lynched in the ground where each
d 'Kc was placed. By working the
11 Hick ami forth in the ground,
11 \ *
'" e ‘°le was made large enough to
n t ] w O
1 le post closely, and two feet and
1 Hut deep. The post was pointed
lr - ea C h side so that it
,l l'l d‘ i"e straight. The top was
cu .cd so that wau ]d[ not S piit
fixing A triangular stool,
a I 11 ce legs three feet long, and
1( ‘-oy beetle completed the outfit.
( wa S made out of a piece
°b maple, fifteen inches long,
j,/. 1,01,1 a s 'nall tree about a foot
The bark was triramed
nho ' l * e ed « e - 8 vv ’ ere beveled, off
twer ' nu^es 5 a handle of ash
u ‘ c hos l hick was put through
the beetle, and was trimmed down
so as to be an inch and a half thick
one way and two inches in another.
This prevents it from taming in the
hands when striking with it. When
the posts were all ready to be driv
en, a man held one of them with
the point in the hole, while another
mounted the stool and dirove it down
with the beetle. With a little care,
the man.who held the post kept it
upright and in a line with the rest.
As the posts were driven, two men
followed, nailing on the boards.
These four men completed, a five
board fence around a square ten-acre
field in one day and a half, making
the labor equal to six days’ work.
Had the holes been dug, thq job
would have taken at least four times
as long. The cost of the labor was
less than ten cents a rod; the men
were good mechanics, or it would
have cost much more, their labor-at
two dollars and a half a day being
probably twice as cheap as common
labor at half that rate. In addition to
the superior rapidity and cheapoes s
of the work, the fence was: much
firmer than it could possibly have
been had the .holes been dug for the
The Cream of milk.
Few persons are aware, probably,
of the extent to which the percent
age ot cream is influenced by the
condition of the cow. It is a curi
ous thing that any excitement to
which the animal is subjected, caus
es a very large loss of cream on the
milk. At the Barre meeting of the
Massachusetts State Board, Dr.
Sturtevant, of South Farmingham,
said: “Under the same feed, and
under the same circumstances, the
same cow gave, one day, nine and a
half per cent, of cream, and another
day eighteen per cent, of cream.”
Thereupon, Mr. Lewis, an old ex
perienced dairyman, said : “I can
tell a bigger story than that. I have
taken a great deal of pains to test
the value of my milk that I have
worked into cheese. I have granu
lated glasses for the purpose, and I
have found that a cow, whose uni
form percentage of cream was eigh
teen per cent, reduce*! to six, in
twelve hours —not from any change
of food, bat from a little excitement.
You gentlemen,"‘who make butter;
be careful to adopt my advice, and
always treat your cow kindly and
gently; never get her excited, be
cause every ounce of excitement
will take from her milk one per
cent, of cream. I have known a
cow abused by a furious, brutal
milker, and the percentage of the
cream went down one halt. __
It is astonishing what an effect
excitement has on the percentage of
cream in milk that a cow produces.
You will be astonished if you will
make the test, and mafcb it careful
ly. I have known a cow, excited
from natural causes, to drop her
percentage of cream in her milk
from fourteen to sixteen per cent, in
twelve hours. So I would again re
peat, whoever abuses his cow knocks
out of his milk a large percentage
It will readily be seen how im
portant it is to keep the cow quiet
and free from fright and all excite
ment. The worrying dogs, the
hurrying and hallowing of boys
when driving the cows home from
pasture, the kicking and pounding
ot an angry milker, or any similar
cause of excitement will be sure to
pediice the quality of the milk to the
extent of several per cent, of cream.
This fact is too well attested by
many careful and experienced dairy
men to admit ot a doubt, and the
first object of concern with the but
ter dairymen, especially should be
to see that his cows are treated
with the utmost gentleness* all the
time. The boys who drive the cows
home, will make note of this, and
when spring comes and the cows
go out, just mark what we say.—
Strawberries. —Why are they
called strawberries ? is a question
most people have asked about the
ruddy fruit. We have heard that the
name is derived from a custom long
ago prevalent in England,of the chil
dren stringing the berries on straw
or grass and selling so many strings
for a penny. Can any of our subscrib
ers give us any other reason why they
are called strawberries ? Has it any
thing to do with spreading straw
under them ito keep the dirt off?
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
IN APBIL, 18 72.
PAID UP CAPITAL
BOARD OP DIRECTORS.
Hon. W. W. JONES Hon. C. H. SCRIBNER,
Mon. C. A. KING, Hon. W. A. COLLINS
WM. BAKER, F. J. KINO,
S. H. BERGEN. C. U. COT,
C* L. LUCE,
J. R. SWIQAKT, ROBEKT CUMMINGS,
JOHN CUMMINGS, L. T. THAYER,
FRED EATON, J. R. OSBORNE,
WAGER BWAYNE, CLARENCE MORRIS,
J. W. ROSS, E. W. E. KOCH,
PBLEG T. CLARKE, W. S. WAITE,
8. H. BERGEN, President.
F. J. KING, Vice President.
CHARLES COCHRAN. Secretary.
J. P. ARIS, Assistant Secretary.
W. W. JONES, Medical Examiner.
WILLIAM BAKER, Attorney.
THE TOLEDO MUTUAL
WILL ISSUE ALL THE
DIFFERENT KINDS OF POLICIES
USUALLY ISSUED BY
LIFE "INSURANCE COMPANIES,
At the usual rates charged by other
Those insured in this Company are permitted to
travel by, the usual routes, to or from any portion
of the Western Hemisphere, north of and includ
ing the United States, or to or from any portion of
Europe,and to reside within said limits of travel,
without extra charge.
AN EXCELLENT FEATURE.
UPON SURRENDER OP AN
ORDINARY LIFE POLICY
At any lime after the payment of one
ONE FULL ANNUAL PREMIUM ,
The holder of such policy win be entitled to just
AS MUCH PAID VP INSURANCE
Ab any other man of like age can
OBTAIN FOR A CASH PREMIUM
Equal to the
VALUE OF THE POLICY,
Compared in accordance with the rate of
Mortality and Interest
Ihat may have been adopted as the standard
, to the State for the
VALUATION OF LIFE POLICIES
; ■ c f ;]:■
"[' |, : t v /•“TrtfsjTJß
Pint premiums wherever exhibited—Prices low
' ■ ; ! . , band Instruments
Ft am Mr, JSdioard Mqfman, thecekbraUi Pianist.
1 conscientiously believe tha* your Piano la in
every respect arnotlmagnlficeni Instrumtnt.
t; - Besjoisillle Agents vantel
ADDRESS ' • 4,:. ; ,-.i \
WING & SON,
HARDWARE, IRON, GLASS, AND RICUI
EAST SIDE BROADWAY,
Agent for WOOD'S MOWER AND REAPER.
dfCSSTOtIy IfEW BRIGHTON. PA.
JJO NOT FAIL TO EXAMINE IT
the new Wilson
UNDER FEED SEWING MACHINE.
BEST IN THE WORLD.
A SPECIAL WARRANTEE FOR FIVE YEARS
FURNISHED WITH EACH MACHINE,
TO THE HIGH PRICED
SEWING MACHINE COMBINATION.
PRICE COMPLETE §5O 00.
We take pleasure in showing it.
LEE S. SMITH ,
NO. 14 SIXTH ST., (LATE ST. CLAIR,,)
AGENTS WANTED Ilf THIS COUNTY,
Most Liberal Terms both in per cent and time.
6. L. EBEREABT.
A WORD WITH YOU!
If Yon Want
To Insafe Against Accidents
To Lease lour Hoase,
To Hire a House,
To Buy a Farm,
To Sell $ Farm.
Any Legal Writing Done,
Do not fail to call at the office of
EBERHART & BEDISON,
GENERAL INSURANCE AGENTS AND
REAL ESTATE BROKERS,
No. 223 BROADWAY, NEW BRIGHTON,
septST-ly Beaver County, Pa.
Farm for sale.
A gpodj farm situated in Brighton township,
Beaver county, Pa., about six mifea from Beaver,
adjoining lands of Jacob Coon, John Nevill and
George Dawson,-containing ONE HUNDRED
AND SIX ACRES, eighty acres cleared and in a
good state of cultivation, the balance well timber
ed;; said'lhrm belonstihgj to the heirs of William
Giyan, deceased. The improvements on the prem
ises are a good-two jstory frame dwelling honed
18x42leet, containing seven rooms and cellar, log
baiXMgod stable, wagon shed, granery add all other
necessary- outbuildings; two never failing springs
of excellent water tn theyard. the whole farm well
watered and well adapted to either farming pur
poses of stock raising. -Fruit trees of all kinds on
the premises.' For farther particulars enquire of
Robert Giyan, on the promises, or the undersign-
at his residence l:i Brighton township. Beaver
county. Ph. CHARLES GIVAH,
MAY 16* 18T3.
On. J. Mdbrat,ol
ail the latest stylo*
of piate for artificial
any merit, and ml*
teeth with gold aud
silver in the best
and most approved
work as. cheap as
the cheapest, and
guarantee the faith*
every operation, oi
w. L. BEDI9ON
To Bay Property,
To Sell Property,
Toar House Insured,
Your Goods Insarod,
Your Life Insured,
3D . O N ?
for the vnality. Large prices allowed for Second
From the Independent. ]
The Ametican Piano has deservedly become a
for imoccnDiet territory. .
i* . _
423 Broome St., N. Y. [ja3l-6m
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REP. AIR SHOP!
JOHN THORNILEY, PROPRIETOR
GREAT REPUBLIC ,
COOKING STOVE IN USE,
1,000 NAMES ATTEST ITS MERITS
NEW ADJUSTIBLE -GRATE
Throws onr more heat with less fuel and less dilst
than any other,
ENGINES AND CASTINGS
OK ALL KINDS MADE TO ORDER
REASONABLE j RATES TO ALL
jgRUCE & BARKER,
HOUSE, JSIGN & FRESCO PAINTERS
GRAINERS, GLAZIERS AND
PAPER HAN GIN G,
Main Street, (opposite the Bank),
, BEAVER FALLS, PENN'A.
We give especial attent ion to all kinds of Sign and
Fresco Painting, and guarantee all of oar work t(
give satisfaction, both In price and material.
P A. OVERING, j:-
PRACTICAL, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL.
WI R E WORKER,
DIAMOND WIRE WINDOW GUARDS,
Wire Window Shades , Office A Counter Railing, At
NO? 10 FEDERAL STREET,
Wire Cloth, Sand Screens, Fire Guards, Nursery
Stove Guards, Hat and Cap Stands, Bonnet Stands.
Hanging Moss Baskets, Rat and Moose Traps, Dog
Muzzles,‘Sieves and Riddles. Flower Stands Ac
Wire Figures, Fenders, Hat Trees.
All kinds of Wire Work on hand and made tc
order. Estimates furnished. [fcblO’TMy.
S C 53
JgRADBURY PIANO FORTES.
ESTABLISHED IN 1854.
OVER 10,000 MANUFACTURED.
NO BETTER INSTRUMENT! i
THE BRADBURY THE
NATIONAL PIANO of the COUNTRY.
READ THE FACTS.
Mrs. U.S. Grant .uses in her family the Brad
bury and says: ”1 am perfectly delighted with it.”
T heodore Tilton says: ”1 have had the beauti
ful Piano so long that now to ask me how I like it
ts like asking me how I like one of my children.
In fact if you were to ask the children I'm afraid
they would say they liked italmost as well as they
like me. It speaks every day the year round ana
never looses its voice. I wish its owner could do
half so well.”
LETTER FROM BISHOP SIMPSON.
Philadelphia, April 17,1668.
T. G. Smith & Co. —Gents —Having used one ofi
your Bradbury Pianos, it has given great satisfac
tion to my family and to many visitors who have,
beard its sweet tones at my house. It is a very
superior instrument, both in finish and power. 1,
heartily wish yon success as successor to the late
Wm. B. Bradbury, in continuing the manufactory
of his justly celebrated Pianos. Tours truly,
Cbiel Justice Salmon P. Chase, Washington I}. C.,
Decides the Bradbury to be the National Piano
of the country.;
Vice Admiral D. D. Porter, Washington D (?.,
“The Bradbury Is exquisitely and baaptifullj
proportioned. We are delighted with ours.”
Hon. Columbus Delano, Secretary of tbp. Interior,
Washington, D. C., calls the Bradbujy the Piano
for the Interior.
P. M. General Cresswell and Mrs. Cresswell.—
“AR our friends admire the delightful tones o
tbe'Bradbnry, used at our receptions.”
Robert Bonner, New York Ledger—“At any time
will drop the lines of ‘Dexter, to listen to the
tones of the Bradbury.”
Grand Central Hotel, New York—'“ln preference
to all others, we selected the Bradbury Pianoa
for—our parlors. Our geests pronounce them
St. Nicholas Hotel, New York.—“ Have always
used the Bradbury Pianos in our parlors, and take
pleasure in recommending them.”
Hon. John Simpson. M. P., Canada, sayq't ‘‘The
Bradbury can't be excelled. The best in the
M. Simpson, Bishop Church* Philadelphia.
“We know of no better Piano, than the Brad*
E. S. Janes, Bishop M. E. Church, N. Y.—“We
know of no better Piaqo than the Bradbury.”
Rev. Dr. John McClinton, Drew TheologlcaM?om
inary—“My family and friends say the Bradbury
T. S. Arthur, Philadelphia—“Wo haye uspd-for
years, and can recommend the Bradbury Piano.”
Philip Philips, New York, says, *4 have su|g wiih
and nsed the Bradbury Piano in my farhfiy for
W. G. Fischer, Professor of Music, Girard College,
Philadelphia. “I use as my family Piano, the
Bradbury, and can with confidence recommend
Rev. Daniel Curry, Editor Christian Advocate: “I
purchased a Bradbury Piano, and it is a splendid
instrument in every respect."
Theodore Tilton, Editor Independent: “If you
were to ask my children, I am afraid they would
> say they liked our Biadbnry almost as well' as
they like me.”
Dr. Daniel Wise. Editor Sunday School Advocate.
“Inse the Bradbury Piano, and think, like bis
mnsic it cannot be excelled;”
Rev. Dr. Perris, New York. “My Bradbnry haa
stood longer In tune, and gonads better than
any Piano in my District.'*
Rev: Dr. Fields, Editor of the Evangelist. “1 have
used a Bradbnry lor years in my family, and
think there is none superior.”
Sands Street Chnrch Brooklyn, St. Lake’s M. B.
Church, and a host of other churches use' the
Bradbury Piano in their Lecture and School
Rooms, also the Conservatories and prominent
Hotels in the United States.
John Caughey, Beaver Pa., purchased from me
three ago a No. 6 Bradbury, and says:
‘‘There is no better, or sweeter toned, or more
desirable Piano, according to my judgment and
experience, than my Plano. _lt has given entire
satisfaction, and grows better as it becomee
Wm. McCoy, of Beaver, Pa.,in tne spring of 187 t,
bought from me a No. 8 Bradbury* which baa
proven to be a superior instrument in every re
Miss Mary McGaffick also owns and uses a Brad
I WILL SELL THE
4 BE ADBTJEY
From $5O to $lOO cheaper than elsewhere. Will
DIRECT FROM TBE MANUFACTORY,
WARRANTED FOR FIVE YEARS.
A $650 PIANO FOR 1400.
O lx G A. IN' S
Ordered at the lowest rates
BELOW PITTSBURGH PRICES.
PIANOS OF OTHER MANUFACTURERS
'Call before purchasing and see
SMITH CURTIS, Agent.
Radtca Office , Bba7Ku.