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go USE AND FARM.
Airs. Mary C. West gives the
* derS of the Mobile Register some
re r.,i hints on the treatment of
use* 111 , •
ffls drawn from her own expen
se,and Professor 3tellc, the agri
cultural editor makes comments bn
gome points, which we produce;
I have made up my mind to write
u a chapter on chickens J but that
does not imply that I am going to
te ll you all about what manner of
creatures chickens are, j and how
t bev are produced, for lam writing
editors who must understand
gome thing about these things, and
for farmer’s wives and daughters
know a thing or two as well as
Ido myself. I don’t want to write
for any body else—don’t intend to
do i t _l and therefore I may confine
mvself to a few practical hints,
which I consider new, and which I
hope to make of service to that class
0 f readers for whom they are in
Setting.— l always find it best to
set hens under shelter and on the
ground. If the last is not practica
ble I have a green sod taken up thin
and placed under the nest. This is
very important, for the earth con
tains heat enough to keep the eggs
in wood condition while the hen is
off In quest of food, something which
boards or mere litter under the nest,
wo uld not be sure to do. I make ;
mv nests of straw pounded or bruis
ed finely with the poll of an axe,
usually laying it on a smoothly-cut
stump ot a tree to pound it.
Testing Eggs.— On the evening
ot the sixth day after setting the
hen, I go to the nest with a lighted
candle, and bolding the eggs up be
tween it and my eyes, carefully ob
serve their appearance. If they
look clear and red I know they are
sterile, and so take them from the
nest; they will not yet have been
spoiled by the hen’s sitting upon
them. The fertile eggs containing
birds, will appear dark; that is,
they will show no light, through
them. It is great folly to let a hen
s t all through her term on sterile
eggs, finally converting them into
“rotten eggs,” when they may be so
(/elected by this simple pro
Assisting Nature.— About a week
before the time for hatching, in dry
samraer weather, I go to the nest
when the hen is off, and sprinkle the
eggs pretty thoroughly with a little
warm water. I find this a great aid
b nature in the process of hatching,
a« it has a tendency to soften the
shells. It applies equally to all
kinds of poultry.
Roosting. —l find that young
chickens should have a clean and
well ventilated roosting-fplace. It is
f->r them to sit on the bare ground.
The ground of their house should
he thoroughly cleaned at least once a
week, by scraping it out to the
depth of, say two inches and sup
plying the. place with fresh, loose
earth. The loose earth acts as an
-ah'orbent, and keeps the house pure
■i!ml the chickens in a healthy condi
gn. [And the loose earth removed
once a week from a large flock of
chicken* is worth almost as much as
be poultry, for it is one of the most
excellent fertilizers that could be
applied to plants. It should be
Wr 1 stirred together and carefully
■ "ised until the time for using it is
a ‘ ; tiaiul. If convenient, to cover it
11 'fly in boxes or barrels, all the
' flier. We have tested quite a va
r:t‘v ‘>f fertilizers this season, but
with results better than those
by thescrapings of our chick-
Filing. —Very young chickens
: have to be fed regularly until
t are able to run about in quest
1 ’ 0 In their ca§e most persons
in is section use corn-meal slightly
but experience has taught
to believe that corn “grits,” giv-
• ( hy is best suited to* their wants,
o-ed my young chickens regularly
l ' ll! times each day. [ln regions
* u ‘ther North and less favored for
lt'y growing, it is usual to feed
>oung bi r j s regularly, but sparingly,
at "'U every two hours throughout
( '-lay; that is, where persons
Poultry-growing a business.
' n, t poultry is fed twice p day—
and eveneng—and corn,
■ oats and barley, with various
k ra iden vegetables, finely chopped,
generally make up the feed. la oar
experience we have found them to
dp as well as could be desired on
boiled sweet potatoes rhashed and
mixed with a small proportion of
corn* meal—about one part of the
latter to four or five ot tqe former. - r
Irish carrots, turnips,
pumpkins, squashes, apples or peach
es treated in the same way will be
found to ansyrer every purpose,
Doctoring. —My chickens are nev
er sick, consequently I have no doc
toring to do. 1 think sickness among
fowls is more the result of bad man
agement than anything else; and
that doctoriug does more harm than
good. Remove the cause and the
effect will remove itself. I have,,on
several occasions, when chicken
cholera was bad in my neighbor
hood, given, mixed in the food ot
my fowls, small proportions ot powd
ered charcoal, oxide of iron and
flour of sulphur. I never had a
true case of cholera, but do not pre
tend to hold that the drugs adminis
tered should have credit for it. I
rather think that keeping the houses
clean and their floors well covered
with fresh earth has been the, medi
cine that saved my chickens.
Manuring Corn, etc.
Farmers mostly depend upon the
decomposition of the grass stubble
and roots, and upon lime, as a ma
ture for the corn crop. We have
no doubt that ranch valuable matter
is thus rendered available to this
crop; but we think every good farm
er should provide himself with a
portion of animal manure, to give
the corn an early start.
Composting in the hill supplies
this want, and we are not sure but
that those farmers who ; haul out
their manure in the winter and
spring, and thus apply it to the
corn ground* are getting the worth of
their money, better than those who
allow their manure to waste away in
an exposed place until fall.
It has been proven in many in
stances tlfot guano and super-phos
phates, have increased largely the
yield of corn.
The following method of raising a
corn and potato crop on the same
I around, might be tried on a small
scale : A gentleman informed us,
that one season when planting corn,
he occasionally threw a few pieces of
potatoes in the hills, which were
covered with the corn. When he
cut his corn he found a large hill of
potatoes under the corn roots;
though the corn where the potatoes
as good as the other
The.corn crop is the most reliable
and valuable of all others. Do not
fail to plant a large quantity.
Crowe, it is said, will not light upon
a corn field, if a string be stretched
around the field. Chickens can be
rendered nearly harmless by giving
them plenty of corn.
Soiling for Dairy Stock.—The
question of soiling dairy stock seems
just now to be claiming more than
usual attention. So far as our ob
servation has extended we find those
who are most successful adopt a
plan which is in reality a compro
mise between the old system and
that of soiling. One great fault of
the soiling system is a want of exer
cise enough to promote health. We
tried it last season upon our dairy
cows, by having them out in pasture
and feeding them as much green
corn as they would eat, and we
think this as good a plan as any,
and will suit many of our dairymen,
who can readily keep in pasture
during the summer. This plan will
enable them to keep the same
amount of stock the whole year.
Graham Dodoers, —Take one
pint ot buttermilk; stir into it one
quart of Graham flour, and add a
teaspoonful of soda dissolved in wa
ter ; add to this 1 well beaten egg
and a pinch of salt, with bolted
flour enough to make a very stiff
batter. Butter flat tins, and take
out the batter with a large spoon in
small cakes. Bake for twenty min
utes, or until 1 well‘browned, in a hot
oven. Break in halves when eaten,
and spread with butter —a nice rel
ish for breakfast, lunch or tea.
To Glaze Shirts.—To every
quart of made starch add a teaspoon
ful of starch and one of white soap,
scraped fine. Boil the starch, after
adding hot water, until you have it
as thick as you wish.
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
ORGANIZED IN APRIL, 18 72.
PAID UP CAPITAL
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
Hon. W. W. JONES Hon. C. b. SCRIBNER,
Hon. C. A. KINO,
8. H. BERGEN,
C. L. LUCE,
J. K. SWIQART,
WAGER SWAYNB, CLARENCE MORRIS,
J. W. ROSS,
PELEQ T. CLARKE, W. S. WATTE,
S. H. BERGEN, President.
F. J. KING, Vice President.
CHARLES COCHRAN, Secretary.
J. F. ARIS, Assistant Secretary.
W. W. JONES, Medical Examiner.
WILLIAM BAKER, Attorney.
THE TOLEDO MUTUAL
WILL ISSUE ALL THE
DIFFERENT KINDS OF POLICIES
USUALLY ISSUED BY
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES,
At the usual rates charged by other
Reliable Companies .
Those insured in this Company are permitted to
travel by, the usual routes, to or trom any portion
of the Western Hemisphere, north of and includ
ing the United States, or to or from any portion of
Europe, and to reside within said limits of travel,
without extra charge. 6
AN EXCELLENT FEATURE.
UPON SURRENDER OP AN
ORDINARY LIFE POLICY
At any time after the payment of one
ONE FULL ANNUAL PREMIUM .
The holder of such policy wdi bu entitled to just
AS MUCH PAID VP INSURANCE
As apy other man of like age can
OBTAIN FOR A CASH PREMIUM
VALUE OF THE POLICY,
Computed in accordance with the rate of
Mortality and Interest
.hat. may have been adopted as the standard
fo the State for the
VALUATION OF LIFE POLICIES
Hon. W. A. COLLINS
F. J; KING,
C. H. COY,
L. T. THAYER,
J. R. OSBORNE,
B. W. E. KOCH,
Equal to the
MAY 9, 1873.
■ ;■ j- ■ -UNSUB
Pirfli premiums wherever exhibited—Prices low
! Rand Instruments
;. • .
From MnjsiWari Hoffman, the celebratei Flanist.
I conscientiously believe that your Plano la in
every respect a most tnagn\ficeni instrument.
WING & SON,
, guarantee the faith
ful and honest performance of every operation, oi
return the money. Give him a call.
J 8. WINANB
HARDWARE, IRON, GLASS, AND RICUI
EAST SIDE BROADWAY,
Agent for WOOD’S MOWER AND REAPER.
decM’eaiy NEW BRIGHTON, PA.
NQt PAIL TO EXAMINE IT
THE NEW WILSON
DHDER FEED SEWIH6 MACHIHE.
A SPECIAL WARRANTEE FOR FIVE YEARS
FURNISHED WITH EACH MACHINE,
SEWING MACHINE COMBINATION.
PRICE COMPLETE $5O 00.
We take pleasure in showing it.
LEE S. SMITH,
NO. 14 SIXTH ST., (LATE ST. CLAIR.,)
AGENTS WANTED IN THIS COUNTY.
Most Liberal Terms both in per cent and time.
G. L. EBEBBABT.
WORD WITH YOU!
To Insure Against Accidents
To Lease Yoar House,
To Hire a House,
To Buy a Farm,
To Sell a Farm,
Any Legal Writing Done,
Do not fail to call at the office'of
If Yon Want
EBERHART & BEDISON,
GENERAL INSURANCE AGENTS AND
REAL ESTATE BROKERS,’
No. 223 BROADWAY, NEW BRIGHTON,
sept27-ly Beaver County, Pa.
jp ARM FOR SALE.
A good farm situated in Brighton township,
Beaver connty. Pa., about six mllea from Beaver,
adjoining lands of Jacob Coon, John Nevill and
George Dawson, containing ONE HUNDRED
AND SIX ACRES, eighty acres cleared and in a
good state ofcultivatlon, the balance well timber
ed ; said farm belonging to thb heirs of William
Glvan, deceased. Theimprovements on the prem
ises are a good two story frame dwelling house
18x42 feet, containing seven rooms and cellar, log
barn and stable, wagon shed, granery and all other
necessary outbuildings; two never failing springs
of excellent water in the yard, the whole fam well
watered and well adapted to either fanning pur
poses orstock raising. Fruit trees of all kinds on
the premises. For further particulars enquire of
Robert Oivan, on the premises, or the undersign
ed, at his residence 1 1 Brighton township. Beaver
county. Pa. CHARLES GIVAN,
Da, J. Mubbat,ol
all the latest stylci
of plate for artincto
teeth that posa*.*
any merit, and tails
teeth with gold and
silver in the beat
manner. Be will do
wark a* ' <*ap «
BEST IN THE WORLD.
TO THE HIGH PRICED
To Bay Property, .
To Sell Property,
Your House Insured,
Your Goods Insured,
Yoar Life Insured,
‘ E. •' *r
for tbe vnaltty. Large prices allowed for tjfecond
From the Independent,
Tbe American Piano has deservedly become a
for nimgiei territory.
423 Broome St., N.Y. pa3l-6m
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JOHN THORNILEY, PROPRIETOR.
GREAT REPUBLIC ,
COOKING STOVE IN USE,
1,600 NAMES ATTEST ITS MERITS
NEW ADJTJSTIBLE GRATE
Throws our more heat with less tncl and less dnet
REASONABLE RATES TO ALL
W. L. BEDISON
JJRUCE & BARKER,
HOUSE, |SIGN & FRESCO PAINTERS
We give especial attention to all kinds of Sign and
Fresco Painting, and guarantee all of our work to
give satisfaction, both in price and material.
P A. OVERING,
PRACTICAL, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL.
DIAMOND WIRE WINDOW GUARDS,
Wire Window Shades , Office dk Counter Bailing, Ac
NO. 10 FEDERAL STREET,
Wire Cloth, Sand Screens, Fire Guards, Nursery
Stove Guards, Bat and Cap Stands, Bonnet Stands,
Hanging Moss Baskets, Rat and Mouse Traps, Dog
Muzzles, Sieves and Riddles, Flower Stands Ac.
Wire Figures, Fenders, Hat Trees.
Ml kinds of Wire Work on hand and made tc
order. Estimates furnished. [foblo’7l-ly.
than any other.
ENGINES AND CASTINGS
OF ALL KINDS MADE TO ORDEK
GRAINERS. GLAZIERS AND
Main Street, (opposite the Bank),
BEAVER PALLS, PENN’A.
JOHN THORN I LEY.
JgRADfcURY PIANO FORTES.
ESTABLISHED IN 1854.
OVER 10,000 MANUFACTURED.
NO BETTER INSTRUMENT 1
THIS BRADBURY THE
NATIONAL PIANO of the COUNTRY,
READ THE PACTS.
Mrs. U. S. Grant uses in her family the Brad*
bury and says; “1 am perfectly delighted with It.’'
Theodore Tilton says: ”1 nave bad the beauti
ful Piano so long that now to ask me how I like it -
in like asking me how I like one of nay children.
In foot if you were to aak the children I’m afraid
they would say they liked it almost as well as they
like me. It speaks every day the year round and
never looses its voice. I wish its owner could do
half so well.”
LETTER FROM BISHOP SIMPSON.
Philadelphia. April V>, 1888.
T. G. Smith A Cy.—tfcwO— Having need one of
your Bradbury Pianos, it has given great satisfac
tion to my family and to many visitors who have'
heard its sweet tones at my house/ It is a very
superior instrument, both m finish and power. 1
heartily wish yon success ae successor to the later
Wm. B. Bradbury, in continuing the manufacture?
of his justly celebrated Fianoe. Tours truly,
Chid Justice Salmon P. Chase, Washington D.
Decides the Bradbury to be the National Piano*
of the country.
Vice Admiral D. D. Porter, Washington I>. C.,
“The Bradbury is exquisitely and beautiful!*
proportioned. We are de lighted with ours. ,T ,
Hon. Columbus Delano, Secretary of the interior,
Washington, D. C., calls the Bradbury the Plane*
for the interior.
P. M. General Cresswell and Mrs. Cresswel!.—
‘•All oar friends admire the delightful tones o
the Bradbury, need at our receptions,"
Robert Bonner, New York Ledger—“At any time
will drop the lines of "Dexter,' to listen to the
tones of the Bradbory."
Grand Central Hotel, New York—“ln preference
to all others, we selected the Bradbury Pianos
for oar parlors. Our guests pronounce them
St. Nicholas Hotel. New York.—“ Have always
used the Bradbury Pianos in our parlors, and take
pleasure in recommending them."
Hon. John Simpson. M. P.. Canada, says; “The
Bradbury can’t be excelled. The best in the
M. Simpson, Bishop M. £. Church. Philadelphia.
“We snow of no better Piano than the Brad
E. 8. Janos, Bishop M. S. Church, N. Y.—
know of no better Piano than the Bradbury.”
Bov. Dr. John McCHnton, Drew Theological Sem
inary—“My family and friends say the Bradbury
is unequalled. ”
T. S. Arthur, Philadelphia—“We have used (Sf
years, and can recommend the Bradbury Piano.”
Philip Philips, New York, siiys, “1 have sung with
and used the Bradbury Piano in' my family for
W. Q. Fischer, Professor of Music, Girard College*
Philadelphia. “I nse as my family Piano, the
Bradbury, and dan with confidence recommend
Rev. Daniel Curry, Editor Christian Advocate: “I
purchased a Bradbury Piano, and It is a splendid
instrument in every respect. ”
Theodore Tilton, Editor Independent: “If yom
were to ask my children, 1 am afraid they would
say they liked our Bradbury almost as well as
they like me.”
Dr. Daniel Wise. Editor Sunday School Advocate.
“I nse the Bradbury Piano, and think, like his
music it cannot be excelled.”
Rev. Dr. Ferris, Now York. “My Bradbury has
stood longer in tune, and sounds better than
any Piano in my District.”
Rev. Dr. Fields, Editor of the Evangelist, “I have
used a Bradbury tor years in my family, and
think there is none superior."
Sands Street Chnrch Brooklyn, St. Lake’s M. B.
Church, and a host of other churches use the
Bradbury Piano in their Lecture and School
Rooms, also the Conservatories and prominent
Hotels in the United States.
John Caugbey, Beaver Pa., purchased from me
three years ago a No. 6 Bradbury, and says:
“There is no better, or sweeter toned, or more
desirable Piano, according to my judgment and
experience, than my Piano. It has given entire
satisfaction, and groijss better as it becomes
Wm. McCoy, of leaver. Pa., in tne spring of 1871,
bought from me a No. 8 Bradbury, which has
proven to be asuperior instrument in every re
Miss MaryMcGaffick also owns and uses a Brad
I WILL SELL THE
From $5O to $lOO cheaper than elsewhere, Wllfc
DIRECT FROM TBE MANUFACTORY,
WARRANTED FOR FIVE YEARS.
A $650 PIANO FOR $4OO.
Ordered at the lowest rates ;
BELOW PITTSBURGH PElSfcfiT
PIANOS OF OTHER MANUFACTURERS
Call before purchasing and seo
sniTH CURTIS, Agent,
Radica. Office, Braved