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jjOTfSE AND FARM.
The Western farmers; under the
lead of men whom the Western Rur-_
al of Chicago,, terms demagogues,
and persons aspiring to" ma¥e polit
ical capital out -of a popular cry,
have vrorked*themselves into r-,:
ftct fever of exciMnent in *
railroad freight. They are so over
stocked with grain and corn, that
ices rule low; and forgetting this, (
[hey make war on the railroads for
0 6 1 ' red ucing freights to nfigure cor- :
take the fact that several bushels
are required to get one to marked
railroad companies are to 4)1 ame;
and they refuse to consider the quan
tity produced as having anyhearing
en the subject at all.
Whether the railroads can or
cannot take atdess Tates of
freight than now,: it is not for us to
deC fdc. It inay be that they
extortionate in their charges, and
that some agitation will correct this;
but it ought to be clear that, how
ever this may be, the matter of pro
duction is one ot the heaviest on low
prices. We have enough East, and
there seems to be a tolerable quanti
ty all over the World ; and if the
v hole mass of grain in the West
could be rushed to market by the
aid of low freights, the result would
be to still crowd further down prices
How this works is already telling
a practical story. -Some of thr
Western roads, in obedience to the
popular demand, are lowering freight
rates. The Union Pacific and Den
ver Pacific Railroads have done so.
The‘result is that a very large sup
ply is coming from Utab; and, .as
we see by Colorado papers, the
farmers ot that section are protest
ing that if this continues they will
be ruined. They want the rates
The fact is, tills railroad excite
ment in regard to getting good pric
es for grain is about on a par with
the old story of the bull that was
gored. So long as it is your bull
which gored mine, it is all right and
(proper that you pay me damages;
hut when it appears that it was oar
hull which gored yours, it is alto
gether another matter, and the
question of damages requires careful
(Cu&vderation. If the railroad will
lower the freight for us, so that we
can get our grain to market at high
prices, it is a first-rate thing; but if
they lower it for other people also, it
is a bad thing, and this will not do
It comes to this, atter all, that de
mand and production regulate prices.
The Western farmer must either
raise less, or else induce 'kiore, peo
ple to consume it near home. In
this way the railroad question will
Planting Grape Vines.
Our very ably conducted cotem
porary the Germantown Telegraphy
gives the following seasonable and
undoubtedly correct ideas on this
point, which are worthy of attention
from all, about setting vines, wheth-
er few or many:
One would suppose that so simple
a thing as planting a grape vine
would not need writing about; and
yet the number of people inquiring
“How shall we plant?” is so great
that a few words to those inquirers
may well be pardoned by those who
think they already know enough
about the matter.
Now, it is a curious fact that the
grape-planting on the hills along the
Khine the effect isjto plant deep and
aUo to keep the roots deep after
the y are planted. If the grape-vine
■culling has been made three eyes
a* they often are, and roots are pro
trading from the two lower ones,
the upper set of roots are cut away,
tind every year afterwards, in going
ever with the annual pruning, any
roots which may appear from tfiei
stem just below the surface are kept
era away. Yet_we know' that in our
*oils generally the vine never, or at
h ast very rarely, does well when the
roots get deep ; and so much is deep
rooting dreaded by English garden
€rs > that we find by English period
icals that in hot-house culture they
* ven lay a bed of lime concrete an-
der the grape borders to keep the
r oots from going deep, and to force
“ etn to remain near the surface. It
has been known to a certainty that
the grape vine does best in our coun
try on hills that are the dryest, and
it may be that on these German dry
there wonld'be on, our damp subsoils;^
dud thereA# bMwndilihGSg J&if:
ticnlar system of surface culture,
some advantage in keeping |fie roots
there is no hiarm resulting from their
deep growth. v
Here, hdweypr, the rule is to, plant
the roots Bhallbw. If- tliey are long
when we have to transplant them.
iqst£ad offsetting them
thera along about four or-ffive
beneath the surface.
|lt is, of course very necessary to
p||ss the soil firm
over the roots; that is it the earth
is in this good condition.
It is very useful /in planting a
grapevine to cut it closely in. Un
less the last year’s growth be very
vigorous it may b'e almost
away. is the way tolpii a|
good strong cane for- bearing next*
year, which is the most that one
ought to expect a vine to do. “Im
mediate bearing” is a delusion and
a share. ; Many, a person a
dollar or.Ja half, dollar extra 'on a
will “bear this
amount ol money he treble I
of quantity of graphs s lt
him, even if it„4)eara at aft.* Stillwe
like to plant"?gcfdd stiODgjbeahby
grapes. The Jittle crawqaills wpclT
come out as <rare at high'
prices seld<»Q give ranch satisfac
tion. Ind||d it than likely
that the ■ immense failures which
generallyTollbw all these introduc
tions are as owing to the way
their propagation as -to
ties to become and
The Elmira Farmers’ Club, at a
reccent meeting considered the sub -
ect of separate seeding for clover
and the grasses, and most of the
speakers were in favor of it. It is
the general experience that where
wheat dies out, there the grass is
best, hence, if there were no wheat
at all, the whole field around would
be equally good. -One farmer said
that he had sown grass seed sepa
rately for ten years, and he had not
had one failure. Early last fall he
plowed up oat stubble, and sowed
timothy with good results. He
, came to consider the subject first In
clearing new land, where log heaps
were burned, after the wheat w i as
sown, and bare spots left, which
were seeded, though late, and there
the grass was by far the best. No
hay should ever be cut the first year,
but if there is a good stand the field
may be pastured, for it is certain
that grass grows thicker after long
fed. The practice of sowing grass,
and especially clover seed, originat
ed in the idea, now generally pre
vailing, that the young plants require
shade, and it is supposed that unless
this protection is afforded the sun
will destroy the crop. This is prob
ably true, in a warm and
true also where the seed is sown
late ; but our judgement decidedly
is that, if separate sowing is done
early, both North and South, the
stand w.lll;be much better than if
sown with small grain. But it is to
be understood that the soil must be
rich enough, and plowed deep
enough, to give the young plants a
rapid start, and permit their roots
readiiyi to descend. There is no
doubt tfuVa good stand of grass is
more profitable than the grain, for
aside from'its value as leed, it keeps
up the fertility, hence it is worthy
of having the 'best possible chaface
i for itself.
To Stop tu b ges of Moths.
—Camphor will no> jtop the ravages
oi moths in carpets* alter they have
commenced eating. Then they pay
no regard to the presence of cam
phor, cedar of tobacco. A good
way to conquer them is to take a*
coarse crash towel and wring it out
of clean Water. Spread it smoothly
on the carpet, then iron it dry with
a good hot iron, repeating the oper
ation on all suspected places, and
those least used. It does uot injure
the pile or the color of the carpet in
the least, as it is not necessary to
press hard, heat and steam being
the agents; and they do the work
effectually on worms and eggs, and
prevent further damage by millers.
A. A 4 '.
. v .Si c**V.. i*
TOLEDO, OHIO. T
- 79' <V T £ JCf > ■ .. v
• S&r cs** n - <V '■ 3« L> t &)V
ORGANIZED IN APRIL, 18 IS.
PAID UP CAPITA!.
« 1 , ;v J £ •
-i- "v £ \ ViV
attsoro o 0.0 o.
Uok. W. W. JONES Hom. C. Eu SCRIBNER,
Hos.C. A. KINO,
■S.|LBEROBN, ■ C. H.COY,
;c.‘iiLUCB,,. ca&u?| ■'
Ui». Bm4&Pi . BOiBBT Ibld^NGS,
JOHN CUMMINGS, L. T. THAYER,
FRED EATON, J. R. OSBORNE,
J; W. ROSB, ~ ; E..W. K.KOCH,
"'t „• ■- ’ ~. y t -' _ ? .'; ' ■•
PULES T. CjIASHE, . WjS^AnS,
CHA». COCHRAN. •„
' - ■> ' "
& H.SBEROEN, President*
P. J. KING, Vice President.
CHARLES COCHRAN, Secretary.
J.F.ABIS, Assistant Secretary.
; js|'JC; JONES, iSMiper.
\; * r • i
THE TOLEDO MUTUAL
WILL ISSUE ALL THE
DIFFERENT KINDS OP POLICIES
USUALLY ISSUED BY
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
At the usual rates charged by other
Belidible Companies .
Those insured in this Company are permitted to
travel by, the usual routes, to or tram any portion
of the Western Hemisphere, north of and includ
ing the United States, or to or from any portion of
Europe, and to reside withiirtaid limits of travel,
without extra charge.
AN EXCELLENT FEATURE.
UPON BURRENDEB OF AN
ORDINARY LIFE POLICY
At any time after the payment of one
ONE FULL ANNUAL PREMIUM ,
The bolder of such policy will bo. entitled to Just
AS MUCH PAID UP INSURANCE
As any other man of like age can
OBTAIN FOR A CASH PREMIUM
VALUE OF THE POLICY,
Computed in accordance with the rate of
Mortality and Interest
n bat may have been adopted as the standard
- fo the State for the
VALUATION OF LIFE POLICIES
Bos. W. A. COLLINS
F. J. KING,
* CL&BSKCB MOKBIS,
; • v!
Equal to the
! ■ yr : i wo
-'• -,■_ * ’ * 4 * ■■ J^ :«s?V>£
First premiums wbereverexhlbtted—Price? iow
from Mr. FlanM.
I conscientiously believe that you Plano la in
every respect amort magnyteenilnstrument. ■■
HesßDMble Agents vanted
J 8. WESANB
HARDWARE, IBON, glass, AND BICDi
Agent forWOOD’S MOWER AND BBAFSB.
dedß’6B;ly NBW BRIGHTON. PA.
jy) NOT FAIL TO EXAMINE IT
UNDER FEED SBIIN6 MACHINE.
A SPECIAL WARRANTEE FOR FIVE YEARS
FURNISHED WITH BACH MACHINE.
SEWING MACHINE COMBINATION.
LEE S. SMITH ,
WORD WITH YOU!
If Yon Wank
EBERHART & BEDISON,
GENERAL INSURANCE AGENTS AND
REAL ESTATE BROKERS,
NO. 288 BROADWAY, NEW BRIGHTON,
Bept27-ly Beaver County, Pa.
pARM FOR SALE.
A good farm' situated, in Brighton township.
Beaver county. Pa., about six milea from Beaver,
adjoining lands of Jacob Coon, John NevlU and
George Dawson, containing ONE HUNDRED
AND SIX ACRES, eighty acres cleared .and In a
good state of cultivation, the balance well timber*
cd; said farm belonging to the heirs of. William
Givan, deceased. The improvements on the prem
ises are a good two story frame dwelling house
18x43 feet, containing seven rooms and cellar, log
bam and stable, wagon shed, granory and all other
necessary outbuildings; two never failing springs
of excellent water in the yard, the whole urm well
watered and Well adapted to either farming pur*
poses or stock raising. Fruit trees of all kinds on
the premises. For further particulars enquire of
Robert; Given, on the premises, or the undersign
ed, at his residence in Brighton township. Beaver
county; Pa. CHARLES GIVAN,
’ii.'’' 'V ■
WING & SON,
EAST SIDE BROADWAY,
THE NEW WILSQN
BEST IN THE WORLD.
TO THE HIGH PRICED
PRICE COMPLETE $5O 00.
We take pleasure In showing It.
NO. 14 SIXTH ST., (LATE ST. CLAIR.,)
AGENTS WANTED IN THIS COUNTY.
Most Liberal Terms both in per cent and time.
To Bay Property,
To Sell Property,
Yoar House Insured,
Toar Goods Insured,
Your Life Insured,
To Insure Against Accidents
To Lease Your Boase,
To. Hire a House,
To Buy a Farm,
To Sell a Farm,
Any Legal Writing Done,
Do not tail to call ft the office of
W. L. BEDIBON
& S O IT,
for the Tuality. Large prices allowed for Second
From the Independent.
The American Plano has desemdly become a
for imocGßßieft territory.
423 Broome St-, N. V. fja3l-8m
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JOHN THORNILEY, PROPRIETOR
COOKING STOVE IN USE,
EXT E N SION TOP
1,000 NAMES ATTEST ITS MERITS.
NEW ADJUSTIBLE GRATE
Throws out more heat with less fuel and less due
ENGINES AND CASTINGS
OP ALL KINDS MADE TO ORDER
REASONABLE RATES TO ALL.
fgRUCE & BARKER,
HOUSE, JSIGN & FRESCO PAINTERS
GRAIN BBS, GLAZIERS AND
Main Street, (opposite the Bank),
BEAVER PALLS, PENN’A.
We give especial attention'to all Idnds of Sign and
Fresco Fainting, and guarantee all of our work tc
elve satisfaction, both In price and material.
P A. OVERING, ,
PRACTICAL, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL.
DIAMOND WIRE WINDOW GUARDS.
Wire Window Shades, Office <t Counter Sailing, At
NO. 10 FEDERAL STREET,
Wire Cloth, Sand Screens, Fire Guards, Nursery
Stove Guards, Hatand Cap Stands, Bonnet Stands,
Hanging Moss Baskets, Rat and Mouse Traps, Dog
Muzzles, Sieves ■ and Riddles, Flower Stands Ac.
Wire Figures, Penders, Hat Trees.
All of Wire Work on .hand and made to
order. Estimates furnished. [feblO’ll-ly.
than any other.
jgR adbxjry piano fortes.
" ESTiSIiISSBD IN 1954.
OVER 10,000 MANUFACTURED.
NO BETTER INSTRUMENT 1 y
THS BRADBURY THfi-
NATIONAL PIANO of the COUNTRY.
READ THE PACTS.
. Mrs. U. S. Grant uses m her family the Brad
bury and says; “1 am perfectly delighted with ft.”
Theodore Tilton says: ”1 have bad the beauti
ful Piano so long that now to ask me how I tike it
la like asking tuo how 1 like one of my children.
In fact if you were to ask the children! I’m afraid
they would'say they liked italmoat as well as they
like me. It speaks -every day the year round and
never looses its voice. 1 wish its owner could do
half so well.” •
LETTER FROM BISHdP SIMPSON.
Phiuidkuphia, April J~, 1888.
T. G.Santa A Co.—€tenf»—Having used! one of
your Bradbury Pianos, it has given great satisfac
tion to my familyand to many visitors who have
heard its sweet tones at my house. It is! a very
superior instrument, both w finish and power. 1
heartily wish yon success as successor to jthe lata
ffm. B. Bradbury, in continning the manufacture
ofhis justly Celebrated Pianos. Yours truly.
Cblei Justice Salmon P. Chase, Washington D. C.,
Decides the Bradbury to be the National Plano
of the country.
Vice Admiral D. D. Porter, Washington D. C.,
“The Bradbury is exquisitely and beautifully
proportioned. We am delighted with oura.”
’ Jan. Columbus Delano, Secretary of the Interior,
'Washington, D. C., calls the Bradbury the Piano
for the Interior.
P. M. General Cresswoll and Mrs. Cresswell.—
‘•All our friends admire the delightful tones o
the Bradbury, used at our receptions."
Robert Bonner, New York Ledger—“At any time
will drop the lines of "Dexter,’ to listen to the
tones of th«> Bradbury."
Grand Central,Hotel, New York—“ln preference
to all others, we selected the Bradbury Pianos
tor our parlors. Our guests pronounce them
St. Nicholas Hotel. New York—“Haye always
used the Bradbury Pianos in our parlors, and take
pleasure In recommending them."
Hon. John Simpson, M. P., Canada, says: “The
Bradbury can’t be excelled. The best in the
M. Simpson, Bishop M. E. Church. Philadelphia.
■ “We know of no better Piano than the Brad
E. 8. Janes, Bishop M. E. Church, N. Y.—
know of no better Piano than the Bradbury.”
Rev. Dr. John McCllnton, Drew Theological Sem'*
inary—“My family and Wends say the Bradbury
T. 8. Arthur, Philadelphia—“We have used for
yean, and can recommend the Bradbury Piano."
Philip Philips, New York, says, “Ithave)sung with
and used the Bradbnry Piano in my family fpr
W. Q. Fischer, Professor of Music, Girard College,
Philadelphia. “I use as my family Piano, the
Bradbury, and can with confidence recommend
Rev. Daniel Carry. Editor Christian Advocate: ”1
purchased a Bradbury Piano, and it is a splendid
instrument in every respect.”
Theodore Tilton, Editor Independent t “If you
were to ask my children, l am afraid they would
say they liked our Bradbury almost as well as
they like me.”
Dr. Daniel Wise, Editor Sunday School Advocate.
“I nse the Bradbury Piano, and think, like his
music it cannot be excelled.”
Rev. Dr. Ferris, New York. “My Bradbury has
stood longer In tune, and sounds better tban
any Piano in my District.'’
Rev. Dr. Fields, Editor of the Evangelist, “I have
used a Bradbury lor years in my family, and
think there is none superior.”
Sands Street Church Brooklyn, St. Lake’s M. B.
Church, and a host of other churches use the
Bradbury Piano in their Lecture and School
Rooms, also the Conservatories and prominent
Hotels in the United States. \
John Cangbey, Beaver Pa., purchased from me
three years ago a No. 6 Bradbury, and says:
“There is no better, or sweeter toned, or more
desirable Piano, according to my judgment and
experience, than my Piano. It has given entire
satisfaction, and grows better as it becomee
Wm, McCoy, of Beaver, Pa., In tne spring of 187 f ,
bought from me a No. 8 Bradbury, which has
proven to be a superior instrument in every re
Miss Mary McGafflck also owns and uses a Brad
bury. * ■
From f5O to flOOcheaperthan elsewhere. Will
DIRECT FROM TBE MANUFACTORY,
WARRANTED FOR FIVE YEARS.
A $650 PIANO FOR $4OO.
BEST CLA. S S
Ordered at the lowest rates
BELOW PITTSBURGH PRICES.
PIANOS OF OTHER MANUFACTURERS
Pall before purchasing and see
I WILL SELL THE
SiHiTH CIRTIS, Agent.
Radical Ovviob, Bbavsb;