Newspaper Page Text
The following able article in relation to
technical education, by Prof. Butler, of
the Wayne county Normal School, is from
the Pennsylvania School .Journal for
February. We comtnend it to the careful
attention of our readers;
The question as to the benefits to be de
rived from technical education has been
put to our leading masters and men ihany
a time, with always the same result. They
have answered in its fivor and solicited
its general introduction ; the investigat-
ing committees have recorded their an-
swers and there thematter rests. If one
asks what will the State, seeing it is a
•State necessity, be willing to pay for this
education, the general reply is that the
people are neither ready nor willing to
pay for good education. I cannot believe
it. If the people are impressed with the
importance of this education, and they
be told manfully of tbe millions they pay
for ignorance, poverty and crime, and
then tell them the money asked lor tech
nical education was on the express condi
tion that the educations to be provided
for Pennsylvania was to be as thorough,
as universal, and as extensively distribut
ed as the technical education given to the
working artisans and skilled men of the
best educated countries of Europe, I think
that every tax-payer would Rejoice that
the State bad the courage to ask for the
money. But if there be any half meas
ures used, telling tbe people the State
thought of trying some expedients for the
introduction of technical education, and
if it could raise a given sura of money it
would be carefully and judiciously used
in paltry grant to one or two schools not
immediately affecting more than one
twentieth of the tax payers, it would be
on utter failure and excite only the just
and righteous contempt and indignation
of the people whose interests have been
so long trifled with. Tell the people
what they revily pay for prisons and
poor-houses, and ask them if they will
grant a moderate sum for the purpose of
training tbe children of artisans, the in
dustrious, skilled and inventive classes,
whose united lalnrs produce the indus
trial and commercial wealth of Pennsyl
vania, and I verily believe every man
would cheerfully reply, “Yes! the gain is
well worthy the outlay.”
Worth the outlay ! What is the mon
eyed value of a well trained, skillful me
chanic, compared with the muscular man
who understands no craft, handiwork or
art ? The unskilled man can earn for the
State, say $509 a year, the other has an
average salary of $1,009, and with supe
rior skill, $1,533 to $2,039 ; or, taking the
three grade of workmen, we may value
Unskilled men at |5OO a year;
Moderately skilled men at fl,OOO a year •, /
Highly skilled man at fl,OOO to 2,000.
Iq short, the highly skilled workman is
worth at least three times as much as the
In Pennsylvania we have 800,000 me
chanics and laboring men. Two hundred
thousand of these are highly skilled work
men, 200,000 .'moderately skilled, 400,000
unskilled. By education we can raise
the first class up to the third, and supply
the place of these lower men by others
who have received a little education only,
and we have earned for the Slate $200.-
000,000. To do this would cost us about
$2,000,000. Is it worth the anual outlay
of four millions to gain two hundred mil
lions? “Bat,” says the incredulous roan,
“suppose we grant the money for expen
diture, the result is not immediate ; these
800,000 men cannot be educated in a day ;
and the present outlay is too great for fu
ture benefit.” Is not the eqpenditure
progressive also; can we call training
schools and technical colleges into exist
ence in a day ? No! We neglected this
important, point in education, and we
must expect to endure the penalty, and to
work oar Way slowly, painfully, and to a
certain degree expensively. We cannot
expect to be mWe fortunate than other
nations. , •
*' ♦ *
National prosperity is greatest with
those nations that are best educated. The
prominence of modern nations in arts and
manufacture, together with their conse
quent wealth, is entire ly owing to their
admirable systems of technical education.
In the experience of one of the greatest
writers on capital and labor, within twen
ty five years large branches of commer
cial trade have left one country and plant
ed themselves in others, because the arti
sans of the former were uneducated and
those of the latter were educated. Na
tions have risen into importance knd
power in Europe by education, and by
the order!, Organization and efficiency
which education bestows; and r other na
tions have lagged behind, and lost their
place by reason of their unwillingness to
educate either the higher or the lower
classes of their people. We shall not
reach our highest development untiP our
elementary and classical schools are sup
plemented by schools and colleges for in
struction in the industries on which onr
prosperity so largely depends. We must
have technical education, as well as gym
nastic education. In the latter education,
classics and mathematics are taught as in
strumental merely. Just as the gymnas
tic exercises with pole and bars are to the
body, so are the hexameters and pentame
ters of theclassies.-and the geometrical
lines, and differential and integral calculi
of mathematics to the mind. When-suffi
ciently leaped and climbed they are for
ever put on one side as useless. Out uni
versities, colleges, and schools, are to too
great extent pure gymnasia. As non
lecfanic'.! sch Cols they are admirable, and
the education given adequate, it may be
for men, whose lives are destined to be,
non-technical, but in modern life each
man’s province is nairowing, bis work
harder and more technical, A man must
not only know how to do hard things,
but he must be able to do them ; many
things he must be capable ot doing as
well as any man, and one thing better
than most men. This is the inevitable
condition of the educated man in modern
civilized life. f
This technical education must begin
with the apprenticeship to a trade, and
continue throughout Its whole period in
order to do real good. Apprenticeship
can hardly be said to exist at all in Amer
ica, and it Is this omission, for one thing,
that makes our mechanics only second
hand workmen. There is no necessity
for a boy to be apprenticed to any trade
until he is sixteen. Prom the age of thir
teen to sixteen he should be in the. tech
nical school, learning to become a clever
draughtsman, a fair geometer, a moderate
chemist, a good drawer of plans, a pret
ty good hand at colors, able to handle
tools and implements with moderate skill,
a finely developed, sharp, muscular lad.
It may be said this school work is lost
time to his apprenticeship. I think not.
If be can put on paper any shape he
pleases, can shade and color it according
to art rules, and afterward be able to mo
del and cut what he has drawn ; if he
knows the difference between a poor and
good design; a careful and a wasteful
way of doing things—and these he will
learn in the technical school, and never in
the workshop—is he not going to make a
better mechanic for this preliminary drill?
Experience says, Yes! and it says some
thing else besides, that because his school
ing should be continued with his appren
ticeship, ho should work short hortn % and
it should be understood that his atten
dance at school should be a part of his in
denture. Tflia is the only way to ensure
good and skillful workmen.
It is sometimes the case that a nation
once established in the scale of nations,
ceases to lie anxious as to her welfare, but
rests on her laurels already won. That
this is in the highest degree unwise all
must acknowledge, and few will even
doubt this eccentricity ever being carried
out in any nation. That this is the case,
startling though the fact is—and a consid
eration of this fact teacher us a lesson we
cannot afford to despise—let us look at the
educational history of England, The
British people regarded themselves with
satisfaction as “mistress of the
seas, ths first nation am >ng nations, as
the most skilled, accomplished and suc
cessful manufacturing people in the wide,
wide world. For fifty years England en-’
joyed the fruits of the inventions of a few
men of genius who had created the whole
system of modern manufacturing machin
ery, and In England was stored the wealth
of countless centuries in the shape of coa 1
and iron. Thns provided with raw mate
rial they fondly dreamed they were in
every way superior in intelligence and
civilization to the uncoaled, un-ironed
and un-engineering nations around them.
For half a century they dreamed thus, and
English iron, coal and machinery bore the
highest reputation in the world. But
they were lethargic, and in 1851 the wise
Prince Consort had to awa ken them by
the famous “Universal Exhibition of the
Industries of all nations.” It was in that
great school that the civilized nations of
Europe received their first lesson in tech
nical education; England saw her strong
holds and those of other nations repre
sented ; the foreign nations, too, saw and
learnt a lesson, and sime cases were hu
miliated by what they deemed the heredi
tary excellence of England; but England
was not humiliated by the competition,
for the very genius of Paxton, the design
er of the Crystal Palace, was sufficient to
establish the skill and manufacturing in
dustry of the nation.
The second lesson was the Parish Ex
hibition of 1853. “Resting on her lau
rels,” and stepping into the competitive
arena with dignified assurance, England
presented her specimens to astonish the
World. But was she as successful as in
1851 ? No! for other nations bad made
rapid strides, having leamt their lesson in
London, and England, the invincible,
stood amazed at the chances of a sudden
downfall from her vantage ground in her
vast manufactures. Had it not been for
Prince Albert—the author of these inter
national lessons—England must have
yielded the palm to some continental na
tion; but he, like a wise prince, seeing
England’s weak point was in the want of
art culture, had established schools in
1855, and now, through equalled in many
points, she stood far ahead in potteries
and glassworks. The French and the
Germans had increased their constructive
skill. They were discriminating enough
4o see that in mere raw material and mere
mechanical power competition with Eng
land was hopeless. What did they do?
They bought their raw material of Eng
land and nsed higher science in the treat
ment and application of mechanical
power, and in 1855 both the French and
the Germans had established schools in
every metropolis, large town and centre
of industry for educating professional
men and masters, for training foremen
and skilled workmen, and for educating
apprentices. Adam Smith’s views of the
wealth of nations bad had its competive
examination, and Europe was rapidly ad
vancing to the goal. England, however,
not yet thoroughly humiliated, depised
her rivals ; and not until the year 1862,
at the third Great Exhibition, did she
come to her senses. Then all was a failure.
The Crystal Palace of 185 i that had
delighted the competing natiqa with its
vast magnificence, was snpcqded by a
hideous unsightly building hat spoke
volumes on the decay of art i/England.
Bad as the outside was, there wk nothing
in the interior on England's site that at
all redeemed the prestige sq plumed
herself on. There was Swifze and with
her aniline colors ; Prussia was lere with
her huge ingots of Krupp’a stet/jand our
own America astonished the Europeans
with her machinery lor ecou nizing la
bor. Italy was born again, am took the
palm with her, Etruscan gold Jdecorated
glass, and classic earlhware. trance ex
hibited with just pride the statry steam
engines of her navy and mercac ile mar
ine; and all around the Exhibion were
abundant proofs that England, bat bad
ten years ago led the world in isnn fac
tored, had been successfully rivalled in
her great specialities, and ’to result
was that England of 1851 and; England
of 1803 present remarkably coltrasting
features* The England of 1863 jras dis
gusted, and this was her first whole symp
tom. The alarming descent 1867
in Paris. Then she was not onlj equall
ed, but beaten, and to-day she ni longer
commands the markets. Now ar<U a cry
in the length and breadth of the land
masters calling for more skilled ptisans,
artisans calling for and demanding a more
practical education. Technical 'schools
they had,but these did not reach tie mass
es, The workmen demanded of tile go v
ernment the protection they needjd—not
by tariff, but by education. The legisla
tors saw the evil, sent out committees of
inquiry to all the nations in Europe, and
discovered the secret of their success—
technical education. At once they jpplied
the remedy, and now the govetoment
schools of design, which are established
in every town 0f.6,000 inhabitants,jind in
a great many of less population, arf show
ing most beneficial results—indecll they
have been successful and increased facil
ities are called for, and every} school
teacher must go through a coijrse of
traing in one of the schools of desbn. As
Prof. Chapman, of the National Academy
of Design, says : !
“This spirit of independence tjoes not
yet pervade all our workshops; when
that is the case we shall cease to lie a col
ony of Europe in art matters, borrowing
and imitating, but producing nothing
Whether such a system of national
technical education can be deviled as
shall render this great service (o our
wants is the question I shall next discuss;
for, strange though it is, many be
lieve that Americans are born with a mys
terious innate technical ability which
renders a special training altogether un
necessary. These people fondly imagine
-that an average American needs nut to
be thrown into a workshop, an office, or
a manufactory, rough and unprepared, in
order’to come out a cunning craftsman of
unquestioned skill, an accomplished mer
chant, and a consummate mechanician. If
this heaven-born training be a fact, we
have only to let the rising generation
alone, and hug ourselves, as the English
did until 1867, in the belief that Ameri
can supremacy in arts, trade and manu
factures and commerce, is and ever will
be; but as surely as England found her
self disgracefully humiliated for her pre
sumption, so surely shall we awake from
this national hallucination and find that
we have unwisely played into the bands
of foreign countries, who now command
our markets in any branch of manufac
tures we can mention.
A Munificent Gill to Science.
Some time since Professor Agassiz in
an address before the Legislature of Mas
sachusetts called the attention of that
body to the need and value of a summer
school for the instruction of both teachers
and students in natural history. -He also
suggested that, during the coming sum
mer, a session should be held on the is
land of Nantucket. These remarks at
tracted the attention of M t John Ander
son, a wealthy and well known tobacco
merchant of this city, who, with great
munificence has donated an entire island
for the purpose of the institution, sup
plementing bis gift with a fund ol $50,-
000. The island, which bears the name
of Penikese, is of about one hundred
acres in extent and is situated in the
Elizabeth group, at the entrance of 'Buz
zard’s bay, on the Southern coast of
Massachusetts. It has been largely im
proved, and contains several buildings
valued at $lOO,OOO, while the fertility of
its soil is such as to render it posssible to
raise sufficient produce to pay all expenses
of the school.
Professor Agassiz considers that the
site is eminently suited for the purpose
as affording ample opportunity for orig
inal investigation as well as well as in
struction. The institution will be carried
on throughout the year, in connection
with the museum of . Cambridge, and
measures will be speedily taken to pre
pare the buildings for use.— Scientific
The press of the interior is very gener
ally discussing, the importance of local
industries. Thus, The St. Paul (Minn.)
Peoneer says: “If we would have our city
sustained and constantly growing in
wealth and population, it is not by for
eign commerce, but by home trade, and
the patronage of our own mechanics and
manufactories that it must be done. Shall
we give immediate attention to this sub
ject, or shall we neglect one of our most
: FRIDAY, APRIL 11, IMS.
JAMES CALDWELL & CO
IRISH AND FRENCH POPLINS ,
REPPS AND VELOURS,
DBA DE FRANC MERINOS,
EMPRESS CLOTHS AND SATEENS
BLACK ALPACAS AND MOHAIR LUSTRES,
BLACK SILK WARP CASHMERES,
EMPRESS CLOTHS AND MERINOS.
A very large stock of all the best makes,
FANCY DRESS SILKS
BLACK MANTILLA VELVETS,
Black and Colored Velvets for Trimming, <fcc„
CLOTH CLOAKS AND SACQUES
A large stock of Fashionable Furs, m medium and
BLACK GUIPUB LACES, BLACK THREAD
LACES, BERTHAS AND CAPES**^
Blankets and Flannels,
CLOTH AND CASSIMERES
The above stock comprises the
FINEST IN TEE CITY .
Which wa offer at the lowest market prices
118 & 120 FEDERAL STREET,
Allegheny City, Penna.
G. L. Eberhart, w. L. Bedison.
Attorney at Law, Notary Public.
JgBERHART & BEDISON,
GENERAL INSURANCE AGENTS
HEAL ESTATE BROKERS,
NEW BRIGHTON, BEAVER CO.
Represent in Beaver County
Tie Travelers Life & Accideit las. Go,
OP HARTFORD,, CONN.
A BOUND STOCK COMPANY.
Assets Jennary-1, 1873,
®3 } 359j945.481
Issues both Life and Accident Policies. This
Insures Against all kinds of Accidents.
By paying from $lO to $5O a year, an indemnity
of trom $5 to $5O a week daring disability can be
secured in case of any accident oy which a man is
rendered unable to attend to bis usual occupation;
and in the event of death by accident the same
payments secure from $lOOO to $5OOO to his family.
To Mechanics, Farmers and other laboring
men we especially commend the subject of Acci
dent Insurance. A small sum paid yearly will, in
the event of a crashed foot or bans, or finger, a
broken leg or arm, or any disabling injury, secure
a weekly income of casa sufficient to support your
amity nntii you are able to resume your work.
A little money Invested in Life and Accident
policies would save many a widow and orphans
from misery and starvation.
MEN OF FAMILY, THINK OF IT !
'J'HE BEST AND MOST IMPROVED
FIRE AND BURG LAE-PROOF
Safes and Vaults
ABE MADE BY TBE
PITTSBURGH SAFE COMPANY
167 PENN STREET,
mar2B-3m PITfSBUKGH, PA.
JjMPTH AVE. CLOTHING HALL.
CORNER FIFTH & MARKET STREETS,
1813. SPRING STOCK. 1873.
I* offered lower than any other house in the city.
Buyers, Study Your Own Interest, and examine
the stock of J. HANNACH before purchasing else
The stock comprises Men’s, Bovs’, Youths’
and Children’s Clothing, at Wholesale and Retail
Particular attention given to Custom Work.
- . _ J. HANNA CH.
fSTßrlng this invitation with yon mar2B-;l
ESTATE OP JOHN EATON.. DEC’D.
Letters of administration on the estate of. John
Eaton, late of Moon township, Beaver county. Pa ,
dec'd., having been granted to the undersigned,
residing in eafd township, all persons indebted to
said estate are requested to make immediate pay
ment, and those baviug claims or demands against
the same to present them without delay to the nn
dersigned for settlement.
NANCY EATON, i , - ,
feb2l-6t JAMES EATON. ( Admr -
Invite special attention to tbeir
All the new shades.
A LARGE STOCK OF
At 11 per yard
PONSON CELEBRATED f
Sd great variety.
MILLER, J. W. Physician and Surgeon, office
that formerly occupied by Drs. McKinny and
Lawrence. Residence. Dr. McNutt’s bouse.
DUNLAP, J. F., Attorney at Law. Office in
the Court-house,, Beaver, Pa. • All legal busi
ness promptly attended to. myo 72-ly
IyURViS J. H., dealer in Fancy Dry Goods,
JL Choice Groceries, and Notions.. (Specialty —
Tea and Sugar,) Flour, Feed, and" Wooden-ware,
corner of Third and Buffiilo streets, Beaver, Pa.
MoNUTT, DR, J. s;, PUVSKIAN AND SURGEON.
Special attention paid to treatment of fe
male Diseases. Residence and office on Third
street, a few doors west oI the Court-House.
ALLISON THOS., dealer in Dry Goods and
Groceries, cor Third and Elk sts. jyid’TQ •
WYNN A., dealer in Dry Goods and Groceries,
Also Civil Engineer and Land Surveyor,
Third street. jy297()
CLARK J. 8.-, dealer in Groceries and Provis
ions, Third street. jy%*
SNITGER S. & CO„ dealer in Groceries and Pro
visions, Third street. . e • '
BEACOM Mrs. B. H.„ dealer in Millinery Goode
and Trimmings, cor 3d st. and Diamond, jy26
ANDKIESSBN HUGO, dealer in Drugs and Med
icines, 8d st. See advertisement. Jj29’7o
MOORE j., dealer in Drugs and Medicines,
Third street. jya'J’7o
TALLON ROBERT, manufacturer and dealer in
Boots and Shoes, Third street. ‘ Jy29’7o
MERTZ H., manufacturer; and dealer in Boole
and Shoes, Third street. jp-29‘70
WALTER P.. Baker and Confectioner, north
cast corner of the Diamond. jyHi’iO
4 NSHUTZ O. R., dealer in Tin, Copper and
xi. Sheet Iron Ware, Third street. jy-29’70
McKINNEY D.. M. D., Physician and Surgeon:
Office on Third street, opposite The Radical
KUHN E. P.. Attorney and Counsellor at Law
Office on Third street. jy-29'f10
H. HICE. PRANK WILSON, H. B. KOOKE.
HICE. WILSON & MOORE. Attorneys at Law
Office; Rear of the Court-house.
JUBALTO’S Shady Side Photograph Gallery!
• Second Floor, Dunlap’s corner, opposite the
toll bridge, aprll-ly
MOLTER, J. C.. Market street. Bridgewater,
dealer in COAL from Bunk at McKinley’s
BOYD J. M. & CO., Millinery, Dressmaking, and
Children’s Clothing, opposite Hurst’s, Bridce
water, Pa. apr 19-72
LEVIS JOHNC., M. D., Surgeon and Physician
Office, during the day, corner Bridge and Wa
ter streets; at night at his residence on Wate;
HURST A. C., dealer In Dry Goods. Hats and
Caps, Carpets, Oil Cloths and Trimmings.
Bridge street., jy29’7o
STILES & CO., dealers in Groceries, Provision
and Qufensware, Bridge street. jy29’7o
VfULHfiIM 8., dealer in Carpets, Oil Cloths and
ivl Variety Goods. Bridge street. jy29’7o
PORTER JAMES, dcsler in Tin, Copper and
Sheet Iron Ware, and Iron Cistern Pumps.
Bridce street. jy-29’70
BLATTNER C., manufacturer and dealer in
Boots. Shoes.&c.. Bridge street. auo29-ly
DONCASTER HOUSE, opposite Railroad Sta
tion, D. Wolf, Proprietor. /Vo Bono PuO
SMITH, JOHN F., (New Store.) dealer in Gro
ceries, Flour, Feed, Nails, Varieties and No
tions, best qualities and lowest prices. New
Brighton and Washington streets, Rochester.
BRIaBIN MRS., Millinery, Fashionable Dross
making, and Ladies’ Furnishing Goods, first
door above Cross's store. New York street, Ro
chester Pa. [0c27’71-ly
SPEYEREK & SONS, wholesale .and retail deal
ers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Flour, Grain.
Boat Stores, bon. Nails. Waters:. oci7’7l)
Rose w. a., m. dT,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, sept23’7o
O ATMAN & CO., (successors to Oatman, Par
sons & Kinzer) dealers in ail kinds of rouefa
and dressed lumber. selfi’7o
SCHROPP CHAS.vtnanutacturer of and dealer in
Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Ware. Roofing,
spouting. &c., attended to. N. York st. eelfi'TO
JOHNSON W. W., dealer in Carpets. Oilcloths.
Wall Paper, Window Shades, Trunks and Vari
ety Goods, near RR depot. selti‘7o .
STEFFLBR & CLARK, proprietors of Johnson
House. Good accommodations and good sta
hies. Near RR depot. seltf’7o
STREIT GEORGE, manufacturer and dealer in
Booots, Shoes. Slippers, &c.. Water st. [scie
DAVID AUGHINBAUGH, manufacturer of Tin
Copper and Sheet Iron ware; dealer in Stoves
Tin Roofing made to order. Water st. . se3’7o
SMITH WILL <£ CO., dealer in Millinery Goods
and Trimmings, Madison street.
FREDERICK GEORGE, Baker and Confec
BON TON RESTAURANT and EATING SA
LOON.—MeaIs at all hours, tabic supplied
with all the delicacies ol the season. Prices low.
William Stricklahd, corner of Falls and Broadway.
CAREY G, F., general dealer in Groceries, Feed,
Oueensware, Glass, &c. Rags, Iron and Brass
taken at highest prices. Railroad at, oct‘2l
SIEMEN GEO. F., manufacturer of (Jakes and
Confectionaries. Particular attention paid to
parties and wedding orders. oct7’7o
GILLILAND A. D. <& Co., dealers in Fancy and
Domestic Dry Goods and Groceries,Broadway
Bcpti3 , 76
TANNEY BROS., House and Sisn Painting,
Graining and Glazing in all their branches.
Also Fresco Painting in Oil, Distemper and Water
Coiors. Orders executed on short notice, in the
best manner and on reasonable terms. Main
Beaver Falls. Pa. [novjy-iy. ’’
OTEVKSSON & WITTISH, Real Estate? Agents.
O All kinds of Real property for sale and exchange.
Northeast corner Sixth and Penn' streets. Pitts
burgh, Fa . and Main street, Beaver Falls.
KING Mrs. E., MiHcer and dealer in Dry Good®,
Notions, Qneensware, &c. Corner Main and
Baker st. Bept23’7o.
DTJNKELW. W., manulictnrer of and dealer
in Boots, Shoes, Gaiters, &c. Corner Race
and Main st’e. sept23’7C
CLARK Mrs. R. B m dealer in Millinery, Fancy
Goods and Notions. Main st. se3o’7o
Dr. J. R.
T- L- ’ dealer in Drags, Medicines,
Perfumery, Ac. _ se-30’70
TWAGGONE I, dealer in general Merchandise,
• Dry Goods, Groceries, Qaeensware, &c.
Highest prices paid lor country produce. Rail
road street, Vanport. aprll
McCANDLESS & MILLER, Attorneys at Law
Mercer. Pa. : ia6’7i-iv
SOLID U KARAT GOLD,
WATCHES AM) JEWELRY
Of Every Description.
NO. 38 FIFTH AJENUE.
ESTATE OF JAMES M. SMITH, DECEASED.
Letters testamentary on the estate of James
M. Smith, late of Beaver borough, Beaver county
Pa., having been granted to the undersigned, all
parties knowing themseives indebted to said es
tate are requested to make Immediate payment
and those having claims against the same w'iil pre
sent them properly authenticated for settlement
J.M. SMITH. Beaver C. H..
JAS. CHRISTY, Sb ■; piccport.
President Judge- A. W. Achesom
„ Joseph C. Wilson.
Prothomtary— John Caiighev
Clerk of Court— John C. Hart
Register <& Recorder—D arias
Treasurer—Charles P. Wallace eton *
Commissioners— Joseph Brittain
r ' . Hugh J. Marshall
Clerk of Commissioners-John Mccow*
Counsel to Commissioners—Ren™ Ui
(.Kroner—Daniel Cotbtis. y U ce "
Auditors— Jas. H. Christy.
Wm. C. Hunter.
District Attorney- J, H. MeCreei v
* County surveyor— D. M. Daashertv
Directors of the Poo r-Eoben CooL-
Trustees Qf Academy—D Lowarv' ° E ‘ -
S. J. Cross,
John Mini ay,
Henry Hic e . ’
* eE J- C
0. S, Presbyterian--Rev. D p r
Services every Sunday at ll a v . War J’ iVr,
day School at 0 a.m. s
United Presbyterian—Rev. J c Wa
Services every Sunday at 11 a w V,.? r ' Paste,
Sunday School at 9a. m, ‘ ’’ alili p, j
Methodist Episcopal— Rev Vvi li-irr u
Pastor. Services every Sunday at’ii » L °Ga
h Sunday School at 9a. h. H -.oi7p
Catholic— Rev. M. iSnnkh,'p.ie‘‘ w
-2d Sunday ol each month at vi’* , '■•fu
St. James Lodge A. y. M., Eo 477 s b .
W. M., J. Morton Hall, Secretary Aw ' *
day of each month. * c
Occidental Lodge. J.Q.o.F So -•a . ,
N. G., J. N. -McCrecry.
Banking House— Thomas McCrooty
Methodist Episcopal R ev D i >.
Pastor. Services every Sanaav a• i,'- '"l
7p. m. Sunday School a: 9am 4 ‘ 1J * *• -U
M. Shield- JMi
ces every Sunday at 11 a. h„ ace 'o r
day School at a. m.
Methodist Episcopal (Colot*i, _/• 3
Pastor. Services every Sunday a:'n i
n. m. Sunday School at 9a. m. " ibo 4; 1
A. M. E. Zion (Colored)—Rev Lvor- p
Services every other Sunday a- u i v’ ‘j’ or '
7 P. M. ’ aL( * «
Enola Ledge. ,/ O. G. T., .Vo. ICI-w- ,
ter, \V. C. T., Tlllie -Moorhead. W s n-e'- l ~'
Friday evening in their hall above \ 'c 'uV J
Dry Good Store. ‘ \ !
Beaver Lodge, I. O. 0. F.. .Vo ,
McCabe, N. G., David Woodruff, SecreMrv'
every uesday evening. -vv-ie.ary, ttt.j
Harrison Graham Encamvrrert ion r >
ll(i—D. Shumaker, C. P„ Wm. Morton H p'*n
Woodruff. Scribe, meets Ist and 2d Th-iAdr
ingg of each month in Odd Fellow* Hah ’
Episcopal— Services every Sunday a’ ’I * y
Methodist Episcopal —Rev. T. S.
Services every Sunday at Ifltf a. m., uxd 7Vs
Sunday School at 2 p. m.
Methodist Episcopal, (German) \ Rev
Pastor. Services every Sunday at low a m t
?. m. Sunday School at 9a, m ’ d 7
Lutheran—Rev. H. Keck. Pastor. Seiv
cry Sunday at 10H a. m., and 7 p. m. sutir
School at 2 p, m.
first German Ercr.g. Lutheran «; v f -- t
Church—Rev. P. Borm, Pastor. Service*
other Sunday at 3 p.m. Suncay School at Ip*
Catholic—Rev. Mr. Gunkle. Priest. Serriedc*
ery fourth Sunday of each month, at 10 a v
every Tnursday at a. m. ‘ "“*
Amaranth Lodge, 1. (j. a
R Blanchard. W. C. T.; im:l ‘smhh’ w~<‘
Meets every Wednesday even'p in Conwtrv’*
Rochester Lodge. A. Y. M.,'So. 229 J.‘h ‘C[
dleton, W. M., John Conway, Sec’y. Mee-. p-v-i
Friday before full moon. ' ;
Eureka, Chapter K, A. M;, N 0.167,.167, meets is Ma
sonic Hall.CE first Wednesday after Ini; moot. 14
E. H. P.,S. B. Wilson ; Secretary John Conway
Methodist. Episcopal Church—Rev.B B W-b* - '''
Paster. Services every other Sunday as u a. a'.'.
and alternate Sundays at 7 p. m. Sunday sccooi
at 9 a.m.
M. E. Oeivnan—Rev. Mr. Zerkel. Pastor B»rr.
ces, alternate Sundays at ICH a. m. Sunday Schoc'
at 9 a.m.
Presbyterian— Rev. Wortmac, Pastor Sc-~
ces every Sunday at II a. m., and 7p. a. Sundsi
School at 9 a. m.
German Lutheran— Rev. Mr. Born, Pastor. Set
vice* every other Sunday at 10 a. m„ and alterra-e
Sundays at 3p. m. Sunday School at 9a. m.
Friends— Meeting at 11 a. m. every Sunday.
Catholic— Rev. J. C. Bigbam, Priest, si-trtce*
Ist, Sd and sth Sundays each month at iuha. n
Sunday School every Sunday at 2>4 p. ».
Church 0/ God—Rev. McKee, Pastor. Ser
vices every Sunday at 10 a. m., and 7p. m. S milay
School at B*4 a. m.
Baptist— Rev. Dr. Winters, Pastor. Services - 7
ery Sunday at 10 a. m. and 7 P. m. Sunday Sqtoo.
at B*4 a. m.
United Presbyterian—Rev. A. G. Wallace Paste?
Services every Sunday at 10*4 a. m. and’ 7r.*
Sunday School at 814 a. m.
0. Presbyterian— Rev. B. C. Critchlow Past e
Services every Sunday at 10*4 a. m. and 7 ?. s
Sunday School at B*4 a. m.
Episcopal— Rev. J. P, Taylor, Rector Sendee
at, 10*4 a. m. and 3 p. m. Sunday School at 9*i a. »
Seats free, and all are cordially invited.
first Methodist Church— Rev. P. s. Crotrbe:
.Pastor. Services every Sunday at 10 a. a. ata"
p. m. Sunday School at B*4 A. m.
Methodist Episcopal—Rev. J. R. Mill?. Pasur
Services every Sunday at 10 a. m. and 7r. m. sul
day School at B*4 a. m.
Sew Brighton Lodgt , I. O. (i. T.. So. %1-E. -
Alexander, W. C. T., Lydia E. JoLljol. W. ?•
Meets every Thursday evening.
Robertson Lodge , /, O. Q. F.. So. 4*(’ —Der-7
Lloyd, N. G., N. G. Taylor, Secretary. Met' 1
every Monday evening.
Union Lodge. A. Y.~M..N0. 2M—R. L. M icbrf
an, W. M., R. Covert, Secretary. Meets lit and
Tuesdays of each month.
National Bank Beaver County— John Miner, in
dent, Edward Hoops, Cashier. Broad a ay.
Banking Bouse—R. £. &H. Hoopes, Broain'sp
Young Men's Library Association—J osopii B-nt
ley. President; Hiram Platt, Secretaiy.
every Friday evening.
Methodist Episcopal— Kev. J, R. Roller.
Services every Sunday at a. m. and P' E
Mft/lOdist—Kev. J. F. Dyer, Pastor. Sen"
every Sunday at 11 a. m., and 7 7 p. m. P ls ':'
meeting every Wednesday evening. Sutw
school at p. M.
Presbyterian—Rev. Albert Dilwortfc. Pastor. "
vices every Sunday at 11 a. m.. and 7 H r- ’•
Sunday School every Sunday at 9H o’clockat;»-«
place. T. Noble. Sup’t.
United Presbytertan— Rov.J. I. Frazier,p":
Services on Sabbath at o’clock, a m '*
Vm. Sabbath-school at 2}4 pm.
Beaver Valley Lodge, A, Y. M., 47S—Meets e- ; ,
second and fourth Monday of each month. "
Bate man «W Me J L B Dawson, S W; S M Haw»--
J W: Henry Hill. Treas; Ch. Molter. Sec.
Harmony Chapter, 206. Meets first Monday"
month. -B.A.Noble, 8.P.; W.H.Grim. K.y A."
linson, S.;P. MartsolfTreas.; H. C. Patterson.
Valley Echo Bodge, I. a. 0. F.. No. e 22 -i
Boon, N. G„ James M. Nugent, Pcc'y- “ e -'
every Thursday evening ut o’clock. ..
Eco <omy Savings Institute—Henry Dice. r' x '
John Reeves. Cashier. v,...
W. C. No. m,IP. O. 8. Of .I.—Meets every
day evening in Washington Hal!. v
Block. Main street. G Altsman, RS; A Acut- "
Methodist Episcopal—Hew H arid lest or - -.j
Services, lt)V4 o’clock, and evening, t>Vi 0 c ''
Sunday Scijco] every Sabbath at ir. n- „
Lutheran—German?—"Rev. Mr. Horm. ‘ j
Services every other Sabbath at 10V$ p
Sabbath School at 4 o’clock.
Jacobs, Pastor. Services every other s- ! p' a-
ICVj o’clock and Sabbath School at 2 o’clots. r
Presbyterian— Hay. W. G. Taylor,
Pennsylvania Institute for Soldiers’ crpr- ;f
vices in Chapel at 2 o’clock, and
evening at 1 o’clock. Sabbath Set on 4