The Beaver radical. (Beaver, Pa.) 1868-1873, February 21, 1873, Image 4

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    4 4
Friday 51ornin«» February 21* 18T3.
We are to .decide on the third
Friday of March e the polls, wheth
er or not license-shall he granted to
sell intoxicating. liquors in Beaver
.county for the nhxt three years
thereafter. Xo more important
aestion was n ever-eubtnilted to the j
* decision of the people, nor one per
haps iriore fruitful of good. We are
'Surprised and gratified at the har
•roony of feeling .and unanimity ol
purpose manifested in this, cause hy
the friends of "the movement, be
longing, as they do, to different po
litical organizations, and it furnishes
good ground for the <expectation
that* the county will go largely
against license. Bemocrats and
Republicans, irrespective of party
affiliations, have united oh this vi
tal issue to rid the community of li
quor-selling. The campaign has
now fairly opened. The liquor men,
organized and ready for action, and
the temperance men # led by Samuel
B. Wilson, Esq., are already in the
field. The four coming weeks
should be weeks devoted to the agi
tation of this subject. We believe
now it is 5 only a question of ma
jority, but the majority should be
sp large as to leave no doubt in the
minds of any as to which side pub
rw opinion inclines. The victory
should be decisive not only to Jndi
cate the estimation in which this
traffic is held, but to express the de
termination of the citizens that the
evil shall hereafter cease. There is
an unusual moral awakening on this
question, and men who have not
been known as temperance advo
cates, equally with those who never
“touch, taste or handle the unelean
thing,” are committed now to the
side of prohibition, and it is largely
due to their efforts that the cause
has taken such gigantic strides to
wards success not only in this coun
ty hut in the State. But few tem
perance meetings have been held, no
violent and denunciatory speeches
have been made, but a quiet, all-pre
vailing revival has been going on in
th© community, the good results of
which are seen on every side. The
silent voice of conscience whose se
crets are hidden, but whose power
is felt frequently when least expect
ed, has no doubt in.-this reforma
tion played an important part in
changing public opinion. The- traf
fic in liquor, which has gone to suoh
extremes that the limit of endu
rance seems to be reached, has well
merited its downfall by the gross
abases of the trade, and the strong
opposition that has been organized
against it is an natural effort of so
ciety to throw off the weight that
hinders its progress, and, to change
the figure, purge itself of the
evil that is consuming its life and
endangering the very existence of
good government. We are glad
that the management of the temper
ance campaign is in the hands of
those moderate men who cannot be
suspected of fanaticism,for we are as
sured they will work up the canvass
vigorously, without giving unneces
sary offense to liquor dealers, but
with an invincible purpose to suc
ceed and put down the Wakes on
grog shops and dram selling. The
liquor traffic cost? the State too
much and is too fruitful a source oi
crime and degradation not to be
suppressed. The citizens have a
right to demand protection against
a business that increases their tax
es, that endangers the health, use
fulness and respectability of citi
zens, that threatens to subvert law
and order , and debauch * the morals
of the community. The clear ne
cessity of reform explains the nna-
nimity of all classes in regard to it.
* That license will not answer is the
settled conviction of all; it has been
• tried and found young
men are tempted to drink ; drunk
ards are made under it, arid pur
jails filled with criminals, made
so by the use of liquor. Some
law more etringentr is necessary ;
perhaps the Local Option measure
offers the remedy, and will accom
plish all that its friends desire; but,
however it may be, let every good
citizen give it a fair trial
icr three years, We appeal to
the liquor men themselves to
yield to the prevailing public opin
ion and fall in with the temperance
current. All are supposed to be
actuated by a desire to promote the:
public good; why then not give the
temperance men, in turn, an opportu
nity their plan, and then, if it
does not work well, repeal it. What
we desire to have is a fair and hon
est trial of Local Option* Let the
majority determine whether liquor
shall be soid or not, and let every
one vote with a clear knowledge of
what he Is doing, and after the law
i|Ceiwe, let HbefaUhfplly executed.
■ will’
and that the resulth will be
such as'to prove the wisdom of jhe
In another column we have pub
lished an account of the Beaver
Falls meeting to protest against the
introduction of Coolie labor into the
Cutlery works at that place, and the
result of the interview bn Monday
of the citizens’ committee appoint
ed to wait upon and confer with the
trustees of the Economites. The
Eponomites have agreed to consid
er the matter and give their decis
ion, in a few days, in writing. From
certain intimations there is some
reason to believe that a considera
ble number of the members of that
Society are opposed to the experi
ment and are anxious to have the
Chinese discharged.
The objection to Chinese importa
tion is not because they are Chi
nese, nor ignorant, nor unaccustom
ed to our ways and customs, but be
cause they are brought here in
gangs, under long contracts, and
compelled to labor with little re
muneration and few privileges, be
ing in a condition resembling that
of slavery. Voluntary immigration
is a privilege extended to all who
desire to take up their abode in
this I free country and better their
condition. Equal privileges, equal
rights and equal justice we say to
all, of whatever clime or race, who
desire to emigrate to this country
and become citizens. There is
room yet and all are welcome.
There is no very great danger in re
ceiving such emigrants, for they
soon become thoroughly American
ized and useful in their way; but
the Chinese, when imported under
contracts in gangs of one hundred
or two, come withoutjfamilies, with
no intention of becoming citizens,
are simply sojourners in voluntary
captivity, expecting to return at
the expiration of their term of ser
vice. They are not emigrants and it
is an abusje of the word to call them
such. They are voluntary slaves,
brought here to perform certain
tasks at slave labor rates. The
Beaver Falls importation perhaps
is on a small scale, but it is a.begin
ning. If every manufactory in the
country should follow the example
what would be the result ? Labor
would become cheap and dishono*
rable. Americans would have to
live on the most economical plan in
order to make a living for them
selves and families. There would
be disturbances, riots, war, and
what else would happen no one
could'predict. 5 Chinese immigration
to’ any large extent would offer a se
rious political problem for solution,
but the wholesale importation of
them by contractors is what the
people will not submit to, and the
sooner Congress regulates that busi
ness the better fof all parties con
cerned. . Another strong objection
to this cheap labor is that it is an
evasion of the tariff laws and a vio
lation of their spirit. Instead of
importing knives made by cheap la
bor and paying duties thereon,
cheap labor is imported upon which
there is bp duty, and the knives are
manufactured here by such labor,
thus evading the tariff, but reaping
the advantage of the law, equally,
with the successful smuggler, Who
dodges the Custom House officers
and thus gets his goods at cheap la
bel* prices. It is evident that such
a course, entered upon by on* lead
ing directly against
fair competition, and tends to break
down other establishments of like
character, where Chinese labor is
not employed, for the very bulwark
of protection is broken down, and
the contest between cheap and
American labor, is renewed -on
J -> v -
American eoil, lira way that ia pe
One way to remedy this injustice,
and protect American.labor,, w otild
bor, or the products of such labor,
eo as to Increase* tbe cost of pro*-
Auction until Jit shall equal that of
American skilled labor. Labor here
;flhoid&Ve&a3i morevaloable and
honorable, and whatever opposes
thistendeneyjshould/belboked upon
with distrust. Society here, rests
upon the broad ol freer
dom and equality, and when the; la
boring class-becomes restless and
dissatisfied with their condition,
[ the foundations ofthe f government
will the perma
nence of bur institutions put in
jeopardy. Tber Chinese question
maybe a vexatious one,and difficult
to handle, bit we are satined that
Coolie labor will bring no Igood to
the country, and willbe attended, if
the importation Js cjntinued. with
gfjjyo &od disastrous
quences. In regard to the Chines*
as simply emigrants,seeking a home
in this free cotfhtry, we Would
treat them with the same considera
tion as the Irish, or the English, or
the German; but to impott them to
break down the price of American
labor, and in a measure
such laboi*, we think is nether pa
triotic nor just, the
Government should Interfere!,© pref
vent such results.
The Poland Committee nijde a
report in tb e House on Tue^l ay.
The galleries were filled,-and ah the
members in their seats, "the npst
intense degree of interest was mil i
fested in the reading of the Rewrt,
action on which was deferred Phtil
next Tuesday. The Report is his
tory of the connections ot the i redit
Mobilier with the Union licific
Railroad by the Hoxie and tines
contracts, and a rehearsal o the
proceedings of Ames in p icing
stock of the Credit Mobilier/here
it would do the most good,
presentation of the important
mony taken during the invest!
of the matter. No recom
tions was made'in reference
members of the. House ex<
Ames and Brooks,in regard tc
the Committee submitted t
lowing resolutions:
First, Whereas, Mr. Oakes i
Representative in this House fron
chnsetts, baa teen guilty of se!!
Members of Congress shares of st
the Credit Mobiher of Ameri<L |br
for prices much lower than the vaw of
such stock, with the intent thereby to n
fluence the voles and decisions of Jh
members in matters to b? brought b re
Congress for action; therefore,
Resolved, That Oakes Amee be d
is hereby expelled froth his seat a
member of this House.. I
Second. Whereas, Mr. James Bro|,a
Representative in this House frompe
State of New York, did procure |ie
Credit Mobilier Company to issue
deliver to Mr. Charles H. Neilsoh,
the use and benefit of said Brooks,
shares of stock of said < Comj
at a price much below its real value,|
knowing that the same was issued
delivered with Intent to influence
vote, and the decision of said Brook
member of the House. oh matters
brought before Congress for action,
also to influence the action ol said B:
as a Government Director in the 1
Pacific Raijroad Company; therefore
Resolved, That Mr. James Brooksb;
is hereby expelled from his seat
member of this House.
The most important measure t
has occupied the attention of e
Constitutional Convention since r
last issue is that relating to, -
frage. A number of changes 1 b
been suggested in the manneif
voting;, such as to vote vivav,
or to require each voter to write *
name on his ballot. There will -
doubtedly be some changes of s
kind introduced into the new
strumentto prevent false coun r
j and fraudulent voting. What is
best possible plan to protect s
purity ot the ballot boat, is not I
discovered* and anjr (
must defend largeljr; h
the vigilance and integrity of i
people interested in getting an i ■
est vote. ~ v -•' ■
General Grant and Sen
Henry Wilson were notified qn
day, by a Committee appointed
the Senate and House of Repre
tatives, that they had been <
elected President and Vico Pj
dent for the term of four years i
and after the fourth day of Mi
i- ; /o
Tbe* cotbmuhicatioh of “Inde
peudence,”criticiBing the blunder in
the erection of the iron bridge, late
ly swept off by the flood in Inde*
( pendenoe township, is crowded out
this week by other matter. We hea?
hate to publish such severe criti
cisms unless fully satisfied t>f their
truthfulness and that they are’naade
through good motives.
“In point ol foot he is game not worth
bagging, and we only give him a quiet
shot now and then to keep the little fel'
k * •Mi'.’** .C-W-** . .*sk~-». iS** Vj£» ’ ll ’
How a shot can keep one from
sinking, perhaps the editor of the
Argm can explain. We would a<|'
vise him to submit his manuscript
to some, of the ‘ school children for
correction before publishing.
* We have prepared a statement *bf
’ the facts in regard to the Argus lie,
so wantonly displayed in;the* last is
sue of that sheet, whjtoli is crowded
out this week, but. which will apr
• pear in our next,
e I —*•. i '"i 1111
Berks county is said to have
given a heavy majority in favor of
license, but we have hot yet seen
the returns. '
Forest county on the 3d inst.
gave 34 majority for license.
The Late Ex-Got. Geary—Local Option
Supplement Bill—Exemption of Pro
perty—The BepublicanState Conven
tion—Hon. Rouell Errett.
Correspondence of the Radical;
Little business was done in the Legisla
ture last week, owing to the death of
Gov. Geary. The funeral did not take
place until Thursday* and there was no
regular session until Thursday night.
The funeral was a very imposing one, and
indicated very unmistakably that the de
ceased governor was more highly esteem
ed by our public men and by all’classes qf
citizens than his enemies would have us
believe. His sudden death in the prime
of life* and the circumstances that sur
rounded bis death aroused the sympathies
of the citizens, and temporary sojourners
here,; as never before. There was no pub
lic man in Pennsylvania who apparently
had such a promise of long life as Gov.
Geary, and there was not one who knew
him but what would have named him last
if told of the death of a public man, and
tasked to name the ooe. Although many
noticed be did not look so well daring
the last year, yet he seemed to all vigorous
and strong, with a powerful constitution*
such as few men are blessed w ith. Phys
ically speaking be was a perfect man. and
a post mortem examination revealed the
fact that every vital organ was perfectly
sound, and there was no apparent reason
for his death. According to one physi
cian who was present, the examination
proved that he should have lived to be
one hundred yparp old. The theory of
the physicians is that his nervous system
was exhausted,that he fainted at the table
and was so weak 1 that he coaid not rally.
This, theory is certainly not a very plausi
ble one, so faras the multitudes are con
cerned* but nevertheless may be the right
nd a
o any
5V fol-
&, &
ft to
k in
d Got. Hart ran ft and the Legislature de- j
>ri serve all honor for the respect shown the
7 deceased.«and the consideration and kind
i ness with which the family and friends
1 were treated.
On Thursday night both Houses met at
seven o’clock and considered the bills on
the private calendar. The Senate re
mained in session until the calendar was
disposed of, adjourning at eleven p. m.,
and the House at one o’clock a. m. No
bills of general importance were passed,
and so far as your correspondent is in
formed, no bills from your district was on
the calendar of either House. The House
adjourned on Friday at noon, and before
the Committeels had time to report.
of temperance in this city,
and in Lancaster and Williamsport*arc
much excited pver, the fact that the sup
plement to the Local Option bill, which
passed the Senate, has not yet been re
ported from the House Committee. The
'municipal election in Williamsport is on
Friday of this week, and the delay will
prevent a vote on the question of license.
It has been generally believed that the
pommittee t>n Judiciary General in the
House was right oh the question, and the
bill was sent there because that Commit
tee had the confidence of the friends of
the bill. The State Journal and Philadel
phia Press of to-day commenton the de
lay very severely, and perhaps unnecessa
rially. 'the Chairman of the Comihittee,
Jlr. Mahon of Franklin, declares he is
ready to report the bill, as it .passed the
Senate, and will hall, it up' and urge its
passage, through the House at once. It is
to be hoped the House will second him
in this effort, and that before the week
closes this important supplement will be
a law. The ; fact that the liquor men all
over the the State have been active, hold*.
Ing secret meetings in every county , : and
■auhwribitfg largely to a fund, professedly
to secure a repeal of the law, alarms the
friends of Local Option and leads them
to suspect every one who hesitates. There
is little doubt money was raised to secure
i repeal, and that the agents of the liquor
Harrisburg, Peb. 17,1873.
league were here • for that purpose; but
they met a cold reception, and soon found
they could not secure sufficient rotes in
either House, and; that, if they did, the
Governor would not approve the bill.
Public sentiment is so strong that many
membera * who inclined to repbal, : now
' openly declare that no-atnount of Money
will indue# themto votethat way. Tour
readers -May tBke r 4t -for granted that
the effort won’t be made, or, if made, will
fail. :
passed a bill bn -.Friday, re
pealing laws exempting pro
perty fromtBxation,and declaringwhat
property should hereafter he exempt.
Tbe list includes churches, school build
ings, pborhouses, alms houses, asylums
and church burial grounds, and repeals
all laws exemptingcemeteries and halls
from taxation. It is time a general law
wsspassed, as half the bills presented
to-the Legislature were to exempt proper
ty from taxation. In Philadelphia alone
there is about sixty Millions of property
exempt, and every year millions worth of
property was added to the list. Nearly
all the cemeteries in the State are money
making investments, and yet all were ex
empt, as were the buildings containing
Odd Fellows and-Masons halls. This
bill sweeps all the special acts, exempting
such properly, off of the statute books,
and we trust the House will pass it as
unanimously as the Senate did.
Politicians are beginning to'agitate the
question of calling a State Convention to
nominate candidates for Supreme Judge
and State Treasurer. The Legislature
has not yet passed a bill for the election
of a State, Treasurer, but will doubtless
pass one providing for an election in Oc
tober. The present able State Treasurer
is strongly pressed to be a candidate, and
if he consented,would have no opposition;
but he declares emphatically that he will
not be under any circumstances. It is
not known as yet who will be candidates,
Hon. James L. Graham of Allegheny, is
spoken of, and the party can present no
better man for the position. He is prob
ably the only man in the west who could
get the,nomination, owing to the fact that
the west has had the office for six years,
but it is very doubtful if he would accept,
as it is understood he is a candidate for
Congress when his term expires in the
Senate. If he is not a candidate the con
vention should take Coleman of Lebanon,
Judge Olmstead of Potter, Brooke of Del
aware, Hoyt of Luzerne, Lilly Of Carbon,
or some men of like character who would
command the confidence of the people,
and unite the Whole party in Ms support.
For Supreme Judge, Hon. W. H. Arm
strong of Lycoming, is bftehest spoken ot,
and the selection would be so fitting and
popular that there is little doubt be would
be nominated if a candidate. Col. Frank
Jordan is also spoken of and would be
strongly ptessed if be desired the rjomi
nation, which is considered doubtful.
Hon. George Lear of Bucks, and A. K.
Green of Northampton, are also named,
and the candidate will in all probability
be one of the four just named, and either
would command the full confidence aud
strength of the party.
Hon. Russell Errett will be continued
as Chairman of the State Central Com
miltee,whether he desires it or not. The
party can’t do without him, because no
man in the State can fill the place, as he
does. Take him for all in all, Russell Er»
rett is one of the truest, ablest and safest
men in the party in Pennsylvania. He
is one of the most deserving,and yet he is
forced into positions where brains and
head Work are only required, while many
of leSs ability and worth get the honors
and the pay. This is partly owing, to the
fact that be is not ambitious, and being
p'oor only looks to such positions as in
sures him support for his family, and do
not entail heavy expenses. He would do
honor to the President, If he would place
him in the Cabinet, or to the State., if be
were sent to represent her in the Senate
of the United Stales. He is needed, how
ever, to carry the party through at elec
tions, and will be kept in that position so
long as he consents to serve, while others
will get the reward. If the party makes
judicious nominations at the next Con
vention, and Errett is placed at the bead
of the Committee again, Pennsylvania
will give our candidates fifty thousand
majority in October. If there is no di
vision in our party, it is doubtful if the
Democrats will place any ticket in the
field. M.
Union Passenger Supplement—Sadden
Clianse—Governor’* Appointments—
Senator Nagle a Candidate for Re-
Election—Heglster’s Pay.
Correspondence of the Radical.
Philadelphia. Feb. 17, 1873.
There has been a marked change in
public sentiment in this city with refer
ence to the Union Passenger supplement
since my last letter was written, and. to*,
day thousands, who a week ago were de
nouncing the bill, are anxious that the
Governor would approve it. The
meeting, called for last Saturday evening,
to express the indignation of the citizens
of Philadelphia at its passage; proved a
great failure. Not more than one hun
dred persons participating even by their
presence, and most of those were persons
interested in the Market street line. The
proposition of the Union line, published
on Saturday morning, was so fair and
just that the merchants at once demanded
its acceptance, and the "President of the
Market street line is now censured loudly,
By the very men who were his friends
when the bill passed, because he did not
promptly accept the terms offered n m
the change of tone in the newspapers»
most marked. On Saturday the P« W 8n a !;
Inquirer contained bitter edited
against the bill and in denunciation ,
the Legislature, while the Sunday .pan,!!
and the evening dailies were either ot
against it silent. ;On Monday the 7
quirer ind Press camef outstronglvin t'
vor uf the Union as did
Sunday papers, and with the excentin!
of the £&tgeri BuUetin evet»
paper , in Philadelphia demands the a
ceptance, by the Market street line, of a
terms proposed by the Union line Both
branches of the dty Councils were
rled by the friends of the bill, and that
in one day, there has been an eu| re lty 7
lion in public sentiment. This sh o »
how senseless, public clamor is, how
public men should regard it. Aiwa 6
wait for the safer second thought before
deciding upon a question of public m
portance. should be the rule of all men in
public places. The Governor has not ve >
signed the bill, but doubtless will do so t*
day. He would 4 like to have it amended
so as to require the consent of Council?
but as both branches of Council reconsij
ered their action, and virtually pas?ed a
resolution asking him sign 7 the bill
there is no excuse left for
it his approval
Kemble, McGrath and company have
made a splendid fight against a powerful
corporation, and merit the success thev
have achieved.
The Governor has appointed English'
Flour Inspector, and Colesberry, Harbor
Master, completing his list of appoint,
ments in Philadelphia. He has been tor"
lunate enough to classes of cit
izens in bis appointments, and there is a
more general approval than ever known
After being out twelve day’s the jury in
the, gambling cases came into court on
Friday with a verdict of conviction, and
there is general rejoicing among the good
citizens of Ibis city. The attempt of a
gambler on the jury, to force the rest to
agree with him, failed, and the resolute
men, who refused to yield, are entitled to
great credit for their courage and endu
There is little of political importance
to communicate. Senator Nagle has de
termined to be a candidate for re-election,
and, as he is the onlyJDemocmic Senator
from the city, there will be a desperatejef
fort to re eleet him. He is a good Repre
sentative and "a fair man, and will be
elected/although he may have a bard fight.
His competitor will be Representative
Lamon, of the House, and if the election
had occurred one year earlier Uagle
would have been left out wilh Decherl.
He has hosts of friends among the Repub
licans, and there is a feeling among them
that the Senate is sure to be RepsJ-
lican anyhow, and that the Democrats d
Philadelphia have one Represen
tative in the Sfeuale, which almost insures
bis election by a decided majority. If any
Democrat is to be, elected in th is city, Re
publican* all desire that he be the one.
The Hon. William Bunn retires from the
Register's court, and Joseph Bonham.
Esq., aspires to bis place. The office of
Register is only worth seventy thousand
dollars a year, or two hundred and ten
thousand per term, and hence only such
gentlemen, as Bunn or Bonham, aspire to
the position. If it was a good paying of
fice some high-toned cuss, as they are
termed here, would be after it and give
the “rounders” great trouble.
The 'ConstUntional Couveution—lll
ness of the President—Mr. Lawrence a Lecture on Woman Sof
frase lllr, Imbrie and His Assist*
ants, dec.) See.
Correspondence of the Radical.
Philadelphia, Feb. 11,1873
The Constitutional Convention is at
this time a source of such interest to us
here in Philadelphia, that I feel sure your
readers will be pleased to find a little pen
picture of it in your columns. The dis
cussion of Woman Suffrage which was
inaugurated by Mil. Broom all’s amend
ment to the resolution on Suffrage, which
proposed striking out the word “male
from the new Constitution, has brought
out the entire talent of this body. The
argument being altogether with the Suf
fragists, they, of course, had the best of
it so far as the applause of the ladies was
concerned. Indeed Convention Hall I® s
been like a flower'garden, blooming with
crops of new bonnets and bright faces
during the past five nights. The whole:
scene is a pleasant one. The handsomely
fitted up hall, beautifully carpeted with
five dollars a yard .tapestry ; the elegant
and substantial furniture, made at the
well known cabinetjmanufactory of E. B-
Trymby, and the, sumptuous upholstry,
unite In producing a charming ensemble.
Mr. Meredith, the: venerable President
of the Convention, has been laid up ,or
the last ten day? suffering with gout. tliat
plague of the hereditary aristocrat; hnt
his place is sappiied| temporarily.-by Hr.
Walker, who. jn a speech made last week,
ppenly said “be loved, the entire female
sex, if a man of bis age mightjbe permit
ted to do so, but objected to the: increase
of population.”
Mr. Lawrence, of Washington, presid
ed at Bishop Simpsdn’s lecture on Female
Suffrage oh Friday evening last, although
he took occasion to Say that he did no
desire to commit himself at this time.
Directly beneath the President’s cbair
are a series of desks with chairs, &c., * ot
the accommodation of the clerical force,
With their chief, Hon. D. L. Imbfie,