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PROCEEDINGS OF BBAVBB COHN
third day (continued.)
Afternoon opened* with music by the
choir. Ex-Supt. Whit ham gave bis views
on the subject of School Government.'
Ist. The teacher should govern himself.
As a class wearejto prone to become irrata
ble. Sometimes teachers enter the school
room* feeling unwell, easily vexed, and
consequently impatient. Pupils general
ly desire to please the teacher; this should
be reciprocated. Profs. Dungan, Todd,
and Miss Bunn gave their views how
they would control whispering and laugh
ing in school.
Messrs. Hillman, Dungan and Misses
Bunn and Dpnehoo gave their plans in
teaching Geography, all agreeing that the
entire school should constitute the class.
Prof. Allen followed in a brief discourse
on the subject of History. He would
read a chapter, and teach it topically by
writing the topics on the board, requiring
pupils to tell what they knew about the les
son, and he would have the whole school
study it, not having any special class. He
also recommended the study of Physiol
ogy in the common schools, regarding the
laws of health as of first importance.
Prof. Allen conducted a spelling exer
cise, distributing slips of paper among
the teachers, pronouncing ten words and
defining them. After they were written,
they were taken op and corrected and re
turned to the teachers, many of whom
were surprised at the result
Weenesday Evenikg— Exercises open
ed with music by the choir. S. B. Wilson
was introduced and spoke on “the rela
tion of common schools to those of a high
er grade. It was bis opinion that tbe
common schools were not fostered and
encouraged as they deserved. Teachers
should be better paid, and tbe school
receive more liberal patronage
from those who, through false pride,
would send their children to the high
schools to learn the primary branches,
which should be learned at tbe common
school. He thought our colleges were bur
dened with preparatory departments.
sided over by incompetent teachers, who
were not certified to teach even a com
mon school. The speaker was not in fa
vor of public shows; school life was too
precious to be spent in preparation for
such exercises.. He favored a completion
of the branches required by our school
law before pupils be admitted to schools
of a higher grade.
D. A. CooperVead au essay entitled
“Personalisms,” a very fine production.
The choir sang an anthem, “The Lord
Miss Maggie Taylor read an essay on
‘‘Manners and morals of the school room.”
A general discussion followed on the
subject of Compulsory Education, opened
by Rev:. W. H. Locke of Beaver. Prof.
Allen, Rev. Alexander, Major Elliott, of
Tioga county, N. C. Martin, Prof. Mays,
of New Castle, and W. P. Badders partic
ipated in the discussion.
Opening exercises conducted by Rev.
Patterson. Music by the choir.
Prof. Allen gave a programme of daily
exercises for the school room. There
must be a plan of study. He would first
hear the primary classes after the open
ing of each session, the higher class
es. Teachers talked too much in con
ducting reading classes. iThey read tod
loud, thus attracting the attention of the
school. <He would alternate drawing
Arithmetic, One of the teachers re
ferred to the metric system, which called
out some thoughts on the subject. Prof,
Allen could not endorse the subject; he
thought it impracticable. Prof. Missimer
and Lilias Runn thought that since it is
made use of in articles published in our
weekly journals that it should be under
The pupils of Nos. 1 and 2 of the Hea
ver public schools, in charge of Mr. Phil
lis, being in waiting, were brought in and
sung two beautiful songs, which were well
received by all present.
Prof. Allen then suggested that there
should be teachers to go from district to
district to teach vocal music. This being
practicable, especially in graded schools.
The subject of Grammar was resumed.
Prof. Allen thought 100 much time was
spent on little things not essential. Took
up the verb, and gave some excellent
models for correcting false syntax. All
there is isjin English Grammar is to put
the right dress on the words used.
Thursday Afternoon.— This day be
ing designated by the Superintend
ent as “Directors day,” the regular pro
gramme of exercises was suspended. The
Court House was filled to its utmost ca
pacity. Upwards of forty-seven direc
tors, representing seventeen districts, re
sponded to the call. All the directors,
with one exception, pay their teacher# for
at least a portion of the time spent at the
Itstitute, many of the teachers being al
lowed full time.
Prof. Allen, in his address to the direc
tors, first alluded to the history of the
school law of our State. He gave an in
teresting account of the law in its infan
cy. The money appropriated was very
smal', so unsatisfactory r that tfie name of
“pauper law’t was given it. It became
necessary that there should be some su
pervision, and when they cane to the vi
tal question, they spoke, the County Su
perintendency into existence. He spoke
ot the opposition brought to bear against
county superintendents; but in spite of
all this the office still lives. The office of
State Superintendent was not created un
til some time after. At that time he was
not regarded as an officer of sufficient im
portance to have a room of any descrip
tion: now he occupies the best suits of
rooms in the State Rouse;: He spoke of
the school system of our State; it was su
perior to any other State; and the com
mon schools had made more rapid pro
grass than any other State during the
past few years.
Speaking of Teachers* Institutes, he
stated that they had become a part of the
school system ot the State, giving some
strong reasons why directors should al
low the teachers their salary during their
attendance. The speaker urged the ne
cessity of directors of securing efficient
teachers; not how much. He called the
attention of directors to tbe subject of
school building furniture, &c. Ton have
it in your power to say what the school
houses shall be. The seats and desks
should be properly constructed, and eve
ry thing pertaining to these buildings
should be made attractive as well as com
fortable. She walls of the room, so often
dismal and gloomy, should be adorned
with mottoes, maps and pictures. He
spoke at considerable length of tbe effect
the influence of surroundings has upon
character, and showed very forcibly the
kind of surroundings that would make a
boy mean, and qualify him for tbe State
prison. He dwelt for some time on tbe
importance of using such influences for
cultivating the taste and refining the
mind, that our children may become prop
erly educated. ,
After recess and a lively song by the
choir. Prof. Allen proceeded to answer
some questions given by directors. He
spoke very much in favor of District High
Schools in tbe rural districts wherever
practicable. They succeeded well in other
counties, and why not in Beaver county.
The County Superintendent, M. L.
Knight, presented tbe following resolu
tions, which were well received and
unanimously adopted by vote of teachers
and directors :
Wbeheas, The permanence of onr general gov-
-emment depends upon the education of oar peo
ple; and, wbeheas, the system of common
school education deserves to be more tenderly
cherished by every lover of freedom, it Is the
opinion of the teachers and directors of this connty
in “County Institute” now assembled, that teach
ing in our comman schools should be a
porting profession without burdening the people
with local taxation, therefore,
Resolved , That the Constitutional Convention
should be and is hereby requested to recognize
and incorporate onr present system of common
school education in the amended constitution, in
whose preparation they are now engaged, with
such accompanying provisions of restriction and
obligation npon the Legislature as will render
teachings distinc’ and self-supporting profession.
Resolved . That In onr opinion donations of pub
lic domains to corporal ions should be discouraged,
and that an ample proportion of the proceeds of
the sales of all the public lands belonging to the
United States should be divided equitably among
the several States of the Union for educational
purposes; and' ou» Senators an*
in Congress are hereby requested to Savor such
legislation as may be necessary for tha#purpose.
County Superintendent Aiken, of
Lawrence county, being present,, was call
ed upon and expressed his pleasure at
meeting the teachers of this county.
Prof. Gantz spoke in a very animated
manner, approving of the resolutions of
fered by Prof. Knight.
Prof. Eberhart also responded in a very
The report of committee on Permanent
Certificates was received.
The first performance of the evening
was select reading by Prof. Missimer.
Prof. Mays, of New Castle, read a pa
per on Education, Ancient and Modern.
Prof. Allen occupied the remaining
portion of the evening with a lecture on
the Training of Children—a familiar talk
to parents. The house was densely
crowded, yet the audience paid the clos
est attention, as the speaker spoke im
pressively on a subject that concerns eve
ry parent in the land. We shall not at
tempt to give any of the eloquent
thoughts that came with much feeling
from the lecturer. It was all good, and
deserved the praise gfven by the audi
ence, the quiet, deep solemnity which
reigned as be closed.
Opened with prayer by Prof. Allen.
L. Wise, of Industry, read a poem on
the Teacher’s Great Mission, which was
fully appreciated, especially by the teach
Prof, Dungan read an essay containing
some practical thoughts on Compulsory
Messrs. Phillis and Dunlap sung a song
illustrative of school-life.
Prof. Allen spoke in his pleasant man
ner on the inexhaustible subject of School
Mr. Jaa. Phillis was completely surpris- i
ed by J. P. Todd coming forward, and in
a few remarks presenting him, in behalf
of the teachers and citizens, the amount
of $35. for his efficient service in furnish
ing music during the sessions of the In
stitute. This was responded to in some
very appropriate words by the recipient.
The committee on Resolutions reported
the following, which were adopted by a
unanimous vote of the teachers :
Whebeas, The County Institute is legalized as
a means of increasing the efficiency of our schools
by offering to teachers ?an opportunity of improv.
Ing themselves; therefore,
Resolved, That every common school teacher in
' the county should attend the Institute.
Resolved, That the advantages of the Institute
should be reflected from our respective school
rooms upon the communities around them.
Resolved, That the school law should be chang
ed so as to make it obligatory upon school direc
tors to have their teachers attend the Institute, as
' it i» upon the Superintendent to hold it.
I Resolved, That the teachers of Beaver county
[ place implicit confidence in the ability and integit
THE RADICAL: FRXD
ty of oar County Bttperintei»de»tjM. ti;tKalgbt,
and wo uk for him the rapport m JuNurtf co-op
erattonofall the Ifenflaof education inlhe county;
Suotved, That u we eiptai*
predation of the inaUattions giTßix hy PtoLT. A.
Allen, and feel thatthey are well calculated ,!©
eocnrea blghstai^ard of teachiig.andwonld; OC
pleased ib be fevored with his preaence at aom*
Satotw#, Thatwe tender onrcaineat thanks to
Mi;. Jaa. Phillis, the pnpile of the Beaver Union
school and others for the moet • excellent iwelo
farnieheddaring the bobblod ;also toJthe Bgenta of
the Taylor * Parley and JewettSjad Goodiwh or
gan companies for the nae of their instruments,
and to the Citizens of Beaver ajad Burroundlliig vil
lages who have extended to ns their kindness and
Certificates of membership were issued
to the one hundred and forty teachers in
attendance, representing the Union
Schools of Beaver, Bridgewater, Roches
ter, New Brighton, Ifeayer Falls, Fallflton
and Freedom, and nearly all of the rural
districts of the county.
Prof. Allen made some, remarks appro
priate at parting An opportunity
given to- citizens and others to speak.
Rev. Ldwary spoke pointedly, relative to
the instruction given, that it
Rev. R. T. Taylor spoke regarding the
success of the Institute, the interest that
it had awakened in the community, and
requested that the next one beheld in
Prof. Knight spoke encouragingly to
the teachers, thanking them for respond
ing to his call, and the regularity with
which theyjbad attended the sessions of the
All united in singing the closing song.
Prof. Taylor pronounced the benediction.
We have no time, nor can we ask for
space for comment. It is sufficient to say
that the teachers went home feeling that
the time was spent profitably, and that
the Institute was a complete success.
England and BoMla In tbe East.
According to a prominent St. Peters
burg journal, England has at last raised
her voice in protest agaisnt the Russian
encroachments in the East. Ifris reported
that the British Minister to Russia,has no
tified Prince (Jrotschakoff that' if the
troops of the Czar penetrate the coun
tries between Khiva and Afganistan, Eng
land will be compelled to interfere for the
protection of the independence of the lat
ter nation. Russia being already in pos
session of Khiva, a glance at the map
will show that there remains but a small
piece of territory between the Russian
forces and Afghanistan, and if this is
penetrated, the latter country will then
be the only barrier to the northern
boundary of British India. has
for a long time contemplated with great
uneasiness the rapid approach of Russia
towards her Indian possessions; bul. trne
to her modern peace policy, she Aas re
frained from interference with tbpse ag
gressive nud threatf-” *•••,■
The time seems to have come srw
when her government is required by
considerations of safely and of ordinary
self respect to take a decided stand
in opposition to the Russian policy.
A little longer delay and the Czar wil be
master of a continuous stretch ot territory
from St. Petersburg to the border of Ifen
doostan, and will be enabled* without in
terruption to mass upon the very edg of
the British possessions a formidable ai ly.
If there Is any one thing whieh can go
yoke the English Government to de4re
war it is a menace of her supremacy in
India. That may be her weakest pfit,
but it is also the most sensitive placlin
which she can be touched. The profil of
her occupancy of that continent has sen
and is now so great that herpeople wild
not hesitate to fight desperately for ran
sion of the prize ; and if thfeconalderaon
had not sufficient strength, an alifet
equally great impulse to war might|e
found in the pride of England in her
minion of that vast territory, and in ie
recollection of the mighty things wljh
have been achieved there by some of pr
It is impossible to imagine what efii
her protest will have upon the Cfcar. |
may treat such an antagonist with disdsl
or he may think it wise to-respect her I
monition. e lf he shall choose the fona
course, the civilized world will deeply \
gret it, because there will certainly hi
terrible and costly struggle, the results |
which will be deplorable, even if Engla||
triumphs; and if she is beaten, we cf
observe only with dissatisfaction the f
tempt of such a nation as Russia to i
place in India that English saprema
which has been productive of much mo
good than evil.— Free Press.
A doctor was called in to see a patie
whose native land was Ireland, and who\
native drink was whisky. Water wt|
prescribed as the only core. 'Pat said thf
was out of the question ; he never con
drink it. Milk was proposed, and
agreed to get well on milk. The dot
was soon summoned again. Near
bed where the sick man lay Was a tf
and on the table a large bowl, and in
bowl was milk, but flavored strongly
“What have you here ?" said the
“Milk, doctor; just what you ordei
“Bat there is whisky in it; I smell
“Well, doctor,” sighed the pet
“there may be whisky in it, but milk'
A Danbuby citizen sent over to a n
bor one evening recently to borrow
Danbury Hews, and was told thf
would have to wait until ‘‘our Jani
back from the ball.” She was using
JANUARY 10, IB7p.
JAMES CALDWELL Af CO,
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OP -, ( f
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EMPRESS CLOTHS AND MERINOS.
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A LARGE STOCK OF
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At 91 per yard. j
FONSON CELEBRATED j
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CLOTH CLOAKS AND SACQUES
A large stock of Fashionable Fora, in medium and
BLACK GUIPUE LACES, BLACK THREAD
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The above stock compress tbe
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BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Hon. VT. W. JONES Hon. C. H, s< KiBNSR,
hos. C. A. KING.
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