Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, May 20, 1932, Image 7

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    MELANCHOLY STATE | Banish Insomnia With PENNA. TRAPPERS FURS 31,082 racoons, 13,804 minks, 5296
| : A ia | LD FOR 000 | red foxes, gray foxes, 284 wild
| SOLVED BY DOCTOR Brisk Two-Mile Sprint? Son $800,000 | 70 TOF the total sum, Pennsylvania
It It were possible to put it in op-| Even though extremely low prices | fur dealers alone paid over $350,000.
eration, a two-mile run before going curtailed trapping activities during |
to bed would cure any case of in- he past Season, trappers in Pennsyl- from out of the State.
. somnia, asserts a writer In the St. vania rece approximately $800,-| The averake price paid for musk-
| Louis Globe-Democrat. That, we sus- 000 the Game Commission has an-| ,,i3 amounted , Saigo wea~
pect, is all there Is to sleeplessness— nounced. sles 37 cents; raccoon $2.34; mink
» * »! ’ »
ise. Have This amount covered the sale of |
lack of OWdovr eXefc ave YOU | 00050 muskrats, 310,320 skunks, $4.30; red foxes, $6.30; gray foxes,
Due to Lack of Bromine in
Blood, He Declares.
Berlin, Germany.—Melancholy, that
| mental state which so far has baffled |
Wakefield; a Restoration of the
(Prepared by National Geographic Society,
Washington, D. C.)—WNU Service.
statesman, has eclipsed George
Washington, the traveler—yet
as a traveler, and as a geogra-
pher who gained his information at
first hand, the Father of His Country
earned the right to another “first.”
Many places Washington visited have
been unaware of the fact; other places
where he is reputed to have “stopped”
or “spent the night” are far from the
verified records of his travels. This
information developed when the map
makers of the National Geographic so-
ciety started oo the extensive research
task—research consuming more than
a year—to record all of Washington's
journeys on a single map.
Thorough checks was made of the
diaries of Washington, of the contem-
_ porary accounts of his travels, and in
wany cases personal visits had to be
made to places, and musty courthouse
files scanned, because of places that
have changed names, or have their
uames duplicated.
The compilation of this information
shows that George Washington trav-
eled over a larger area than any other
official of his time. His travels ex-
tended from the heart of Georgia to
Kittery, Maine, Westward, he went to
the vicinity of Lake Erle, In Pennsyl-
vania; to the neighborhod of Point
, Pleasant, in West Virginia, and to
Gallipolis, Ohlo.
Of three sea voyages Washington
made, one was to foreign soil, Barba-
dos. But the most amazing aspect of
bis travels, perhaps, are his journeys
on horseback—journeys ranging from
Virginia to Fort Le Boeuf, and from
Mount Vernon to Boston. However, 80
_ far-as records show; he did not visit
the birthplace of his mother, Epping
Long Horseback Trips.
Washington's horseback trips were
often arduous. He was known to
average 35 miles a day for periods of
more than a week. Once he rode 560
. miles in 16 days. That trip was from
Cumberland, Md., to williamsburg, Va.,
and two days of the 16 were “time
out,” waiting for an armed escort.
He carried the pay for Braddock's
army in his saddlebags.
Horses often broke under the strain,
when public duty called Washington
to. move with dispatch. For instance,
. when riding to join General Braddock,
upon reaching the vicinity of what Is
_mow Charles Town, W. Va, he re-
that he killed one horse out-
“ and had rendered the three
others he had brought along unfit for
When there was no urgency of pub-
lle business his horses fared better.
After his trip to his western Jands in
1784, during which he had twice crossed
the Appalachians and hed been so far
from civilization that be could get no
corn for his horse (and nothing or
only boiled corn for himself), he sets
down with satisfaction that he had
traveled 680 miles between the first
day of September and the fourth day
of October, on the same horses.
“Washington's geographic instincts
began to develop on this early trip.
“The trough of the south branch of the
Potomac, where many years later Pres-
..1dent Grover Cleveland fished for bass,
. he described as “(a) couple of Ledges
. of. Mountain Impassable running side
and side together for above seven or
eight ‘Miles. and ye River down be-
tween them.” He adds: “You must
.Ride Round ye back of ye Mountain
(fori to get below them.”
: With boyish zest Washington ate his
evening meal on Friday, April 8.
“We camped this Night In ye Woods
pear a8 Wild Meadow where was a
Stack. of Hay after we had Pitched
eur Tent and made a very Large Fire
we pull'd out our Kpapsack in order
fo Recruit ourselves every (one) was
his own Cook our Spits was Forked
Sticks our Plates was a Large Chip
as for Dishes we had none.”
Good Pay, Small Expense.
A letter. written to a friend while on
one of the several other surveying
trips he made to the waters of the
Shenandeah, the Cacapon, and the
South Branch in 1740, 1750, 1751,
and 1752 indicates it was the good pay
that reconciled young Washington to
the hardships of a surveyor's life,
Therein he says that he had not slept
above three or four nights in a bed,
but after walking all-day he lay down
“hefore the fire upon a Little Hay
Straw Fodder or bairskin which eve.
is to be had with Man Wife and Chil-
dren like a parcel of Dogs or Catts
& happy lie that gets the Berth pear
est the fire there's nothing would make
Birthplace of George Washington.
it pass of tolerably but a good Re- |
ward a Dubbleloon ($7.16%) Is my
constant gain every Day that the
Weather Will permit my going out and
some time Six Pistoles ($21.50)." i
Traveling expenses were low In |
those days. Virginia had a law that |
rates for accommodations in each |
county should be fixed by the court |
thereof, and that any keeper of an |
ordinary not observing these rates
should be heavily fined, half the fine
going to the informer. The Augusta
county court order book shows that a
hot dinner cost 9 pence; a cold meal,
6 pence; lodging, with clean sheets, 8%
pence; twenty-four-hour stabling and
fodder for a horse, 6 pence; and corn |
or oats, per gallon, 8 pence. When it |
is remembered that the Virginia shill-
ing was worth 16% cents of our |
money, we see that a hot dinner cost
1214 cents and other service in pro
portion. i
From Staunton, Washington rode to
Fredericksburg by way of Charlottes-
ville, making the 114-mile journey in
three days and still being fit enough
to play billiards the evening he ar
On Wednesday, February 4, 1756, |
Washington set out for Boston to lay |
a case of military precedence before |
Gen. William Shirley, commander In
chief of the British forces in America.
He reached Philadelphia the following !
Sunday, and took five or six days te |
look around the city.
He apparently made the 90 Iinter-
vening miles to New York In two days.
And what must the New York of that
day have meant to the young Virginian,
who had spent the last three years
mostly in the primeval forests or fight-
ing French and Indians on the savage |
A Visit to New York.
There was the “Microcosm” to visit
described at the time as a world In
miniature, which took 22 years to
build. Washington's enthusiasm for
it is written In his accounts, for on
two seperate occasions he enters items
“for treatg. Ladies to ye Mi(cro-
cos)m.,” There was also a rout at
Mrs. Baron's, and tips to the servants
in the household of Beverley Robin-
son, son of the speaker of the Virginia
house of burgesses. The young officer
was aiways punctilions in tipping the
servants In households where he was
entertained, and equally so in entering
these items in his account books—two
traits that have aided a great deal Ir
tracing his travels.
Two days before he was twenty-four
years old he set out on the last leg of
his journey to Boston, and the “Penn-
sylvania Gazette" carried the news
that “Colonel Washington, of Virginia,
but last from Philadelphia, left thi-
city (New York) for Boston.”
On his way to Boston he stopped
with a Mr. Malbone, in Rhode Island.
He entered a tip for the latter's ser
vants of £4 and another item of £5 fo
a broken bowl
In Boston he stopped at Cromwell's
Head tavern. He saw General Shir-
ley, who decided the question of com-
mand at Fort Cumberland in his favor;
visited a man of war in the harbor,
lost some money at cards at the gov-
ernor's house, and then set off for
Virginia. But at the governor's he had
met such people as John Adams, and
made a deep Impression by his re
cital of conditions in western Virginia,
Maryland and Pennsylvania. Uncon-
sciously he again was playing into the
hands of destiny, for John Adams WAS
one of those who 19 years later joined
with Thomas Johnson of Maryland in
which the mail-passenger planes NOW | proadeasting, and quite possibly of cer-
| tain slang words such as “swank.”—
| activity of the Department of Com-
‘Negro Letter Carrier
makipg him commander in chief of
the American forces,
Survey of the Frontier.
Another interesting phase of Wash-
ington's travels began when he de-
termined to make a personal survey of
the frontier with a view to establish-
ing a chain of forts at the Important
passes, in the hope of damming the
Indian tribe behind the Allegheny o
During the French and Indian war
days, villages and towns near the
frontier had not yet begun to take
shape, except in the case of county |
seats, Places were known as “John i
Smith's Plantation,” “William Scott's |
“Mill,” “TaskerTosh's Fort,” “BigLick,"
ete. The changing ownerships of five |
generations, together with the substitu |
tion of bridges for fords, have obliter- |
ated these names from map and ment
ory alike, {
It was necessary, therefore, to go i
patiently through scores of massive |
land-grant books, dozens of old deeds
books, and all the survey records that |
have survived, in order to find out |
where the early settlers lived |
psychiat=ists, is due simply to lack of |
bromine In the blood, according to an |
| astounding statement which the noted |
specialist for internal diseases, Prof.
Hermann Zondek, recently made be
fore the medical society here.
Professor Zondek, who was Strese-
| mann's physician, lately has studied
the chemical composition of the blood
of mentally diseased patients, In
every case, he found that whenever |
the bromine percentage in the blood
fell below average, symptoms of melan-
choly were detected.
On the strength of this discovery,
Professor Zondek undertook to cure
patients afflicted with melancholy by
injecting small quantities of bromine
into their blood. This cure, he ap
nounced, proved very efficient.
Melancholy, a frequent mental af-
fliction, is also termed “circular in-
| sanity” because the patient's symp-
toms form a cycle, In which periods
of apathy and despair alternate with |
a normal and even abnormally Joyour |
Melancholia is known as a more
benign form of mental disease than |
dementia and paranoia, which con- |
stitute other important groups of mer
tal ailments, {
While these latter forms of insanity |
are usually incurable and require con- |
tinual treatment in institutions, melan-
cholia usually improved under treat-
ment so much that even return to
mental normalcy is often attainable, !
although the possibility of a relapse
remains even in successful cases.
The discovery of Zondek has led |
psychiatrists to hope that from now |
on a more effective and radical treat- |
ment than that hitherto applied will
be available.
Airway Lighting Has
Become Exact Science
Chicago. — Illumination engineers !
have conquered numerous unique prob-
lems in the lighting of airways over
fly 40,000 miles nightly.
At present there are four classes oi
Jdghting equipment for aviation: Light- |
ing at terminals, lighting at emer-
gency fields, lighting between emer- \
gency flelds—commonly referred to as
beacon lighting, and course markers—
usually called “blinkers.” t
The average cost of all these forms |
of light Is $315 a mile. There are
about 18.000 miles of airways lighted |
in the United States. Alrway Improve- |
ment, development and lighting is an |
The little blinkers, which in some
places mark the course at three-mile |
Intervals, cost $750 each, while the 24- |
inch revolving beacons between emer-
gency landing fields represent an out- |
lay of $2,000 each.
The expense of lighting the emer |
gency fields themselves averages about |
$5,000 each.
Soviet Plans Olympiad
Five-Year Plan Fete
Moscow.—The Olympic games in Cal-
fornia will be rivaled by a Red
#Spartakiad” in Moscow early In Au-
gust to which labor sports organiza- |
tions all over the world are belog in- |
vited. !
Ten thousand foreign sportsmen are |
being expected by the National Coun- |
ell of Physical Culture. The Soviet
participants will reach 50,000.
A special stadium, with a seating ea |
pacity of 120,000, must be built be- |
fore August to accommodate the Spar-
This international sports festival fn
being summoned to celebrate the
achievement of the five year plan In
four years. There will be a great deal
of demonstrating and mass pageantry
to. drive home the magnitude of So-
viet Industrial and cultural progress
and the alleged collapse of capitalist
economy through the world.
Hopes to Fly Atlantic
Philadelphia.—The Ace of Ethiopia
has a rival. Lincoln Payne, Philadel
phia negro letter carrier, has an- |
nounced that he hopes to fly the At- |
lantic. Payne, who served in the Three |
Hundred and Sixty-eighth Infantry in
France, learned to fly at a local field.
He owns a small plane, which he said |
he is sure will carry him across the |
Atlantic. He holds a private pilot's |
Dog Has 13 Puppies |
Kelso, Wash.—N. E. Taylor thinks |
his shepherd dog's litter of 13 puppies
is a record. |
Electric “Eyes” to
Guard Lift Riders
Pittsburgh, Pa.—Electric “eyes”
will guard users of elevators in
Rockefeller Center, New York.
Light beams are to be project-
ed across elevator entrances in
such a way any person intercept-
ing them will cast a shadow on a |
photo-electric cell. |
The cell controls operation of
the doors and the falling shadow
will keep them open or shoot them
back if they have started to close
when a passenger is stepping in
or out of the car,
: ed, you don't want to sleep. All the |
out knowing it.
| years since moving pictures came in,
| world where mail is delivered by swim-
| Deftly punting this unique mailbag in
| bert's death, together with three songs
ever heard of an inscmnious farmer?
We don't believe the remedy for in-
somnia that we suggest will ever be
adopted. The exact period of the day |
when one suffers from that demoniac
affliction is too often in the wee small
hours: and to arise and—though fully
clad—io sprint lightly through the
darkened streets would surely put the
police on one's track; perhaps with
sirens. What a curious pageant that
would be,
Insomnia likes to enter your bou
Joir in the stilly watches of the night
like the cowled figure of Death, and
as unwelcome, too. He takes his seat
upon one’s chest and there remains
for hours, sometimes till daylight; and |
when he is gone, you are so aggravat-
intruder has left you as a remiader
{s an all-day grouch—or at least until
noon when like morning clouds it may |
| disperse.
Two-mile runs, day or night, In the
Jty are next to Impossible. What |
would people say!
Frequent Use of Words
Spoken Centuries Ago
Among the oldest words in the world |
wre the names of the numbers. When
you count from one to ten you are |
using, with little change i» thelr form, i
words that were used by ancestors who |
were the animal's skins as clothing |
and lived In the roughest of shelters. |
Just as the child does today, they |
counted on their fingers, and it seems |
probable that they gave each finger |
its own special name. Our present |
pumbers may well be the names of |
these fingers, |
Even when we Invent new words |
117.157 opossums, 52,208 weasles,
- — - — M———
A Cheerful Note
TT: Agricultural Department’s estimate of
the wheat crop indicates a shortage, with
higher prices in view.
| The hope of better prices is cheerful
| news to Centre County farmers, as the out-
look for a good local yield is promising.
we often bring old ones into use with- |
It is only about thirty
but as part of the name, “cinemato- |
graph,” we are using one of the world's
oldest words. This is equally true of
words such as television, automobile,
London Tit-Bits,
Tonga Swimming Postmen
Baney’s Shoe Store
WILBUR H. BANEY, Proprietor
80 years in the Business
Niua-fu, an Island of the Tonga {ik
group, is perhaps the only place in the
ming postmen. In fair weather or foul
the native postmen swim out for two
miles through the shark-infested sea
to deliver and collect their mail. The
foremost swimmer carries a short
stick, in a cleft of which rests the
tiny bundle of outgoing letters. One
of the steamer's crew lowers a bucket
over the side, and in this the postman
drops the letters. A large biscuit tin
containing the Ingoing mail, sealed |i}
and roped, Is then dropped overboard.
front of them the swimming postmen
start back for the shore as fast as
wind and tide will allow.
Defining Energy
Energy is the capacity for perform
ing work. It may be either potential, |
as in the case of a body of water |
stored In a reservoir capable of doing Hi
work by means of a water wheel, or
actual, sometimes called kinetic, which ¢
is the energy of a moving body. Po- |
tential energy may also exist as stored | |
heat, as stored mechanical energy, as
| In fuel, or as electrical energy, the
measure of these energies being the |
amount of work that they are capable
of performing. Actual energy of a mov- |
ing body is the work which It Is ca
pable of performing against a retard- |
ing resistance before being brought to
rest and is equal to the work which |
must be done upon it to bring it from
a state of rest to its actual velocity.
Schubert's Inspiration
Schubert's “Who Is Silvia” is one | |
of his best known compositions of its |
kind. At the writing of the plece, |
Schubert was unquestionably in love |
with the name, Silvia, or his concep- *
tion of her. The song was inspired
by Shakespeare's “Two Gentlemen of
Verona.” It Is sald that the song in-
gpired Arthur Sullivan to write “Or-
pheus and His Lute” “Who Is Sil-
via” was published shortly after Schu-
of 1827 (later called Opus 108), which
were dedicated to Marie Pachler, Schu-
bert’s kind hostess in Graz.
Boastful Phrases
The phrase, “White Man's Country™
and also “God's country,” are often
applied to a nation or country by its
sons and daughters. Not many years
ago a bulletin on Australia called at-
tention to the fact that among the |
white inhabitants poverty is practical
ly unknown, the aged, Infirm, and chil-
dren are adequately provided for, the
labor situation is satisfactory, and the
territory itself offers unlimited possl-
bility for development, exploitation,
and exercise of man’s ingenuity. All
these things seem to make it = fa-
vored spot.
That which we call wisdom is no
heritage from our forbears, nor can it
be learned In a classroom. It is to
be found in the living of life, Matur-
ity of judgment comes when thooght |
has been deepened by knowledge and
life tempered by experience—Grit.
Boys’ Overalls . 50 Cents
Boys’ Sweaters . 50 Cents
Men’s Work Shirts 50 Cents
Kaynee Wash Suits . $1.00
Stetson Hats . . . 5.00
Mallory Hats . . . 3.79
Never in the Store’s History Have
Prices Been So Low--Buy Now