Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 15, 1932, Image 3

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There are 13,567 members of
poards of school directors in Penn- |
sylvania, according to figures just
announced by Doctor Jamcs N. Rule, pa
Superintendent of Public Instruction.
These men and women are elected
by the people in all districts but
those of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia
where appointment is made by the
judges of the courts of commoL
In school districts of the first
class or the cities of Pittsburgh and
Philadelphia, 15 directors are ap-
pointed for each district, making a
total of 30 members. In the school
districts of the second class, con-
sisting of 20 cities the size of Al-
toona, Harrisburg and Scranton, 9
members from each district are
elected or a total of 180 representa-
tives. School districts of the third
class such as Carlisle, Lock Haven
and Rochester where 7 members are
elected for each of the 266 districts
a total of 1862 serve; while in the,
fourth class, made up of 2299 bor-
oughs and townships under 5000 in
population, five directors are elected
in each district, or a total of 11,-
495, thus making a grand total of
13,567 school directors in the 2587
school districts in Pennsylvania.
These directors are chosen at]
large in their respective districts,
serve without pay unless holding the |
position of secretary or treasurer
and hold office for a term of six
years. In school districts of the
first class, the term of office begins
on the first Monday of December
following their election. Directors
may succeed themselves and it is
not uncommon for incumbents to re- |
main in continuous service for as
much as twenty to twenty-five years. |
Boards of school directors in every
school district in Pennsylvania are |
responsible for establishing, equip-|
ping, and maintaining a sufficient |
number of elementary schools in|
compliance with the law, for all boys |
and girls between the ages of 6 and |
21 years who may attend; and in|
addition may establish, equip, fur-
nish, and maintain high schools, |
vocational schools, evening schools, |
kindergartens, libraries, museums,
gymnasiums, playgrounds, schools |
for the deaf, blind and mentally de-
ficient, truant schools, schools for
adults, public lectures, and such oth-
er schools as they may see fit to
establish. In the early days of the
public schools, directors examined
and certificated teachers in addition
to their other duties. This was
later delegated to the superintendent
of schools and for some years now
has been under the immediate direc-
tion of the Superintendent of Public
Attention of motorists is called by
the Keystone Automobile Club to the
impending compulsory inspection
campaign of motor vehicles in Penn-
sylvania, under an amendment to the
Vehicle Code.
The first inspection period of three
months will begin January 1. At
any time in this period motor cars
may be inspected at designated offi-
cial stations. For the following
three months owners will be subject
to arrest if, on demand of police
authority, they fail to produce evi-
dence showing that the motor ve-
hicles had passed inspection.
Beginning June 1, the second in-
spection campaign will be undertak-
en, to last until September 1, after
which motorists will be subjected to
police scrutiny as to safety equip-
ment for the following three months,
Benj. G. Eynon, mmissioner 0
Motor ‘Vehicles, has advised the Key-
: Automobile Club that the State
has virtually completed the selection
of official stations. Qualifications are
her than in previous campaigns,
Mr. on said, and many appli-
cants have been rejected because of
lack of equipment, space or person-
ae Club also is advised that the
law will be strictly enforced against
any official station caught selling
“inspection stickers.” This practice
in previous years brought the whole
inspection system into disrepute.
—————— ———
A new bulletin on “Rules and Reg-
ulations for Public School Building
Construction,” has been issued by
the Department of Public Instruc-
tion. These rules and regulations
cover the various provisions in the
laws of Pennsylvania which apply to
public school building in any
school district within the Common-
wealth for all construction, recon-
struction, repairs or work of any
nature, as enumerated in Article vi
of the School Code, and suggest
standards and practice for the erec-
tion and construction of a school
In this bulletin will be found the
legal requirements governing plans
and specifications, the procedure for
awarding contracts, acceptance or
rejection of bids, advertisements,
bonds, workmen's compensation, and
the various requirements, pertaining
to the school site, location of build-
ing, development of grounds
landscape, and specific details as to
the construction of the building.
The Pennsylvania Chapter of the
American Institute of Architects,
the Department of Labor and In-
dustry, the Department of Health,
and the State Art Commissions co-
operated with the Department of
Public Instruction inthe compilation
of the bulletin.
“The Volstead act last week was
twelve years old,” writes Eph Kel-
joy, of Newport, “and it still seems
able to stagger along.”
Shining above the horizon for fif-
teen hours and one minute, in mid-
dle latitudes of the United States,
on Monday, June 22, the sun was
visible longer than any other day of
the year. Besides thus being the
longest day, Junee 22 was the begin-
ning of summer.
The day is longest because the
sun is then at the northernmost
rt of its annual path through the
sky—what is called the summer sol-
stice. Astronomers have univer-
sally agreed that this shall mark
the beginning of summer. It oc-
curs on the 22nd, at 4:28 a. m.,
Eastern Standard Time.
If the matter of clear or cloudy
weather did not complicate the sit-
uation, the surface of the earth
would, on this day, receive more
heat from the sun than on any oth-
er day of the year. Not only is
this due to the fact that the sun is
above the horizon longer, but the
greater height of the sun in the sky
causes a concentration of its light
and heat over a smaller area.
winter, when the sun is low even at
noon, a yard square beam of sun-
light may cover a couple of square
yards. Now, at noon, the sun is
well overhead, and the same yard
square beam covers only a little
more than a square yard.
An interesting observation of this
phenomena has been made by Har-
ry Paul Eichin, of Chicago. At
noon on the day of the summer sol-
stice in June, 1930, Mr. Eichin took
a picture of a pipe casting a shad-
ow on a nearby tank. Since the
sun was at its maximum height in
Frigidaire @ product of
the heavens the shadow extended
almost to the ground.
Exactly six months later at the
winter solstice he returned to the
same spot and took another picture.
Then, the sun at its lowest point in
the heavens cast a shadow entirely
unlike the one it threw on the tank
six months previously. This shad-
ow was not nearly so elliptical as
the other and did net run to the
ground. Along the tropic of Can-
cer, which crosses Mexico, the sun
at noon is now directly overhead.
This causes the curious phenomenon
of vertical objects casting no
ow, or of the sun shining directly
Aown a vertical well. The ancient
Mexicans made use of this effect in
their religious ritual. At such a
time, they said, the sun-god comes
to earth.
While the earth receives more
radiation at this time than in other
part of the year, it is not the hot-
test time, and we realize only too
well in August. The reason for
this is that the days are so much
longer than the nights. During dark-
ness the earth radiates away the
In heat that it has received during the
dav, but in June the sun rises again
before all the heat received the pre-
ceding dav has been lost. Thus
each day hecomes a little hotter.
Not until the end of the summer
does the amount of heat radiated at
night begin to surpass the amount
received during the day, thus’ mak-
ing possible the advent of colder
Because the movement of the sun
in the southern hemisphere is just
the reverse of what we observe,
onr summer solstice marks the be-
inning of winter in New Zealand,
om ST
America’s Outstanding Electrical Refrigerator
The German dole started, like
English, writes Dorothy
insurance idea. Every worker was
taxed 1 per cent of his pay to
create an insurance against unem-
ployment, and the employer added
another 1 per cent.
The fund presumed a normal un-
employment of 800,000. But in the
very year of its establishment it be-
came clear that the insurance would
be insufficient to support the unem-
ployed, and the Guvernment was
calied upon to supplement it. Then
came the economic crisis in Ameri-
ca, with its repercussion throughout
the world. There were 1,000,000
unemployed in Germany, then 2,000,-
000, then 3,000,000, then 4,000,000
and then even more.
In 1928, 1929 and 1930 the Gov-
ernment advanced to the insurance
fund 1,260,000,000 marks, half of
which has been crossed off the books
as gone. Of course, as the unem-
ployment grew the fund automat-
jcally diminished, because there
were fewer and fewer workers con-
tributing to it.
But the insurance, with its Gov-
ernment subsidies, is not the only
burden which unemployment places
on the State. The unemployed work-
er receives aid from it for twenty-
six weeks. At the end of that
South Africa.
Australia and In
June they have the longest night,
and shortest days of the year. But
by Christmas they will be well into
the summer.—Science News.
Thompson ipalities the other fifth, and
in the Saturday Evening Post, as an | supports
General Motors Corporation
World's Greatest Automobile Manufacturer
ee ——————————————————————————————
time, if he is still unemployed, he
becomes a charge on the so-called
emergency relie.. The Reich pays
the four-fifths of this fund, the munic-
the jobless for another
thirty-two weeks. i
At the beginning of 1930 this
fund was supporting 130,000 work-
ers: in the middle of January, 1931,
780,000, and the Government reck-
ons on an average of 700,000 in this
class throughout the year and has
appropriated another $100,000,000 for |
their support.
If, after fifty-eight weeks, a work-
or i¢ still unemployed, he falls into
the category known as “recipient of
poor relief” and becomes a charge
on the municipality.
In Class 1 he had been getting—
if he were an average worker—
about 30 marks a month; in Class
2 about 60 marks a month, end in
Class 3 the pickings are pretty lean,
because the municipalities comb the
lists of applicants thoroughly, re-
jetcing any who have savings, who
have relatives able to support them
or who refuse any kind of work of-
fered them. And the applicant in
Class 3 recieves part payment in
free soup, coal and lodgings.
The 4,000,000 people living this
way are not getting fat, but the
system probably makes it harder to
starve in Germany than elsewhere in
the world. The social danger in the
dole arises from the fact that Ger-
man economic life offers so little
compensation for those who do
—— A ———————
— Four Japanese officers and more
than thirty privates were killed in
battle with 5000 Chinese irregulars.
see how the Mete r
Trade Mark Reg. U. S. Patent
METER"ICE is a trade-marked n
like it.” This is the most attractive €
Now it’s easy
to have a FRIGIDAIRE
Only 25¢ a day will now give you
the modern, dependable refrigera-
tion and the many conveniences
which only Frigidaire can provide.
And on our new METER-ICE payment
plan every 25 cent daily deposit at
the same time goes toward your
permanent ownership of the new
Frigidaire we install in your home
no down
payment is required.
Ice plan works
ame — no other payment plan is similar or “just
lectric refrigeration offer ever made in this city.
The day-by-day 25 cents deposited in
METER- ICE is really paying for your
Frigidaire. A 25 cent deposit will op-
erate your Frigidaire for 24 hours (of
you may put in up to eleven quarters
at a time, which will give you eleven
days’ refrigeration). Once 2a month
we collect the deposit and credit
your account—no monthly payment.
That's all there is to this easy plan.
25¢ a day oo and the Frigidaire is yours
a ——————————————————
. Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Practices in
all courts. Office, rca 18 Crider's
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Prompt at-
* tention given all legal business en-
trusted to his care. Offices—No 5 Bast
Hight street 57-44
M. KEICHLINE.—Attorney at Law
. and Justice of the Peace. All
fessional business will receive
prompt attention. Offices on second floor
of Temple Court. 49-5-1y
G. RUNKLE.—Attorney at Law.
. Consultation in English and Ger-
man. Office in Crider's Ex
Bellefonte, Pa.
m— —
State College
66-11 Holmes Bldg.
Crider’'s Ex.
D. CASEBEER, Optometrist.—Regis-
tered and licensed by the State.
Eyes examined, glasses fitted. Sat-
isfaction guaranteed. Frames replaced
and lenses matched, Casebeer Bldg.
High St., Bellefonte, Pa. 71-22-t¢
VA B. ROAN, Optometrist, Licensed
by the State Board. State Coll
every day i Saturday, Belle-
fonte, in the Garbrick building opposite
the Court House, Wednesday afternoons
from 2 to 8 p. m. and Saturdays 9. a.m.
to 4:60 p. m. Bell Phone. 68-40
Fire Insurance
20% Reduction
76-36 J. M. KEICHLINE, Agent.
Bellefonte, Pa.
1420 Chestnut Street
Have Your Diamonds Reset in Platinum
74-27-tf Exclusive Emblem Jewelry
We have taken om the line of
Purina Feeds
We also carry the line of
Wayne Feeds
per 100 lbs.
Wagner's 16g, Dairy Feed - 1.35
Wagner's 20g, Dairy Feed - 1.40
Wagner's 32% Dairy Feed - 1.55
Wagner's Pig Meal - - - - 1.60
Wagner's Egg Mash - - - - 175
Wagner's Scratch Feed - - - 1.40
Wagner's Horse Feed - - - 1.30
Wagner's Winter Bran - - - 1.10
Wagner's Winter Middlings 1.20
Wagner's Standard Chop - 1.30
Blatchford Calf Meal 25lbs - 1.25
Wayne Calf Meal Per H - - 3.50
Wayne Egg Mash - - - - 2.10
Oil Meal 34% - - - - - 210
Cotton Seed Meal 43g, - - - 1.60
Soy Bean Oil Meal - - - 1.80
Gluten Feed - - - - - = 150
Fine Ground Alfalfa Meal - 225
| Meat Scrap 45% - = = = 200
| Tankage 60% = - - - - =- 2.50
|Fish Meal - - =- = - - =- 3.00
Fine Stock Salt - - - - - 100
Oyster Shell’ = = == « = 1.00
Let us grind your Corn and Oats
and make up your with
and make up Sour Delt ek Gluten,
Alfalfa, Bran, Midds and Molasses.
We will make delivery on two ton
If you want bread and
pastry use Our Best and Gold Coin
C. Y. Wagner & Co. ie
Caldwell & Son
Bellefonte, Pa.
and Heating
By Hot Water
Pipeless Furnaces
Full Line of Pipe and Fit-
tings and Mill Supplies
All Sizes of Terra Cotta
Pipe and Fittings
Cheerfully asd Promptly Furnished