Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, September 04, 1931, Image 6

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Pa., September 4, 1931.’
Your Health
From Good Health Magazine
If you would have vitamins up in
@ most attractive form, by all means
ook up wheat germ and try it on
your family.
This is a sort of mysterious food
we have heard nutritionists talk
about for some time. Laboratories
have had almost a monopoly on it
wntil recently, when it became avail-
able to every one, and you have no
©ne to blame but yourself if you fail
%o partake of this delightful and
‘wery valuable food.
It is the germ of the wheat kernel
which, with the bran, is removed in
the refining of white flour. In the
milling process these germs are flat- |
ened, appearing as very small, yel-|
XYowish, slightly oily flakes, soft in|
texture, and having a delicious flavor. |
‘Wheat germ can be obtained from |
wlmost any flour mill in bulk form
and sometimes in one pound tins.
Every one knows that vitamins
are necessary for health, but vita-
wmins are just vitamins to many of
‘as and the names and sources and
actions and other characteristics of |
each, cause us great confusion and
worry. Who hasn't imagined a
magic potion containing them all and
in just the right amounts for our
health requirements? We are all
‘witamin conscious, for what family
Thasn’t a member imbibing a daily |
dose of cod-liver oil, orange juice,
©r raw vegetables? Wheat germ
should go a long way toward set-
‘ting your mind at ease in this vita-
min matter.
Here are some of the vital food
¥actors wheat germ contains. c- |
cording to the Federal Bureau of
Home Economics it is a “rich source
©of vitamin A and an excellent
source of vitamins B, Eand G;” afid
according to the cereal laboratory
of the Federal Bureau of Chemistry |
‘mnd Soils, it is rich in protein, fat]
and minerals, containing protein
27,25 per cent, fat 10.55 and ash 4.35
per cent. The protein is complete,
a rare characteristic in plant pro-|
Vitamin A is necessary for wth, |
‘successful reproduction gen- |
‘eral well-being, increasing resistance
‘to infection. B is the anti-neurotic |
witamin and lack of it is followed by |
Joss of appetite, loss of weight, ner- |
wousness and irritability. E is the]
anti-sterility vitamin and G is the
antipellagra vitamin.
In prevention of pellagra, this
wheat product has been used in the
drought areas by agricultural exten-
sion workers; they have been buying |
§t from the mills in wholesale quan- |
Rities and distributing it in small
packages. Dr. Munsell of the Bu-
weau of Home Economics says: “On
mm basal diet known to lack vitamin
G, rats failed to grow, and developed
@wymptoms similar to human pellagra,
@ disease that often results when
The food supply is limited. When
wheat germ was added to the basal
‘diet, the rats grew normally and de-
weloped no abnormal! symptoms.”
Experiments conducted in the
schools of Berkeley, California, by
Morgan and Barry, have shown that
when wheat germ was given to chil-
dren in rolls containing fifty per
went germ and fifty per cent white
‘Hour, these children increased three
times more in weight than others
¥ed plain flour rolls.
On account of its content of vita-
wnin E, the anti-sterility vitamin,
wheat germ is used by breeders of
fur-bearing animals.
Wheat germ can be taken raw
nixed with cereals or other foods.
Af eaten raw, of course the vitamins
wre preserved intact. It can be
wsed in baking, and though the ex-
Wet effect of heat on its nutritive
Jropenties has not been definitely
termined, it is known that it af-
ferwards still contains its most val-|
gable qualities.
It is used now in well-known
prietary foods and breads made
England and Canada. These
reads are generally made of twen-
Ry-five per cent wheat germ.
I1 baking, wheat germ is partly
substituted for flour. It does not
have the thickening power that flour
has, but it reduces the amount of |
flour needed. If substituted for an
‘equal amount of flour, the liquid is |
reduced to about two-thirds or three- |
fourths the usual amount; and in|
ithe case of substituting for corn
yneal, there is no change in the
amount of liquid used. Recipes for
the use of wheat germ have been |
worked out in the Bureau of Home |
Economics. ‘These include J.
brown bread, cookies and pu |
‘Wheat germ has not been made
®enerally available because of its
“reputed poor keeping qualities.”
Under ordinary conditions in warm
‘weather or in warm damp houses, it
becomes rancid on account of its
thigh percentage of fat. However,
3% placed in an ice box it will keep
almost indefinitely. It is not nearly
so perishable as many other foods,
such as milk and butter which are
fin common use. To prevent it from
wmpoiling, it can be heated. The
keeping qualities of wheat germ are
improved by the addition of one or
wo per cent of salt.
An obstinate casé of eczema was
Pennsylvania once had mountains
rivaling in height the modern
of the Andes, Alps or Himalayas, Dr.
George H. Ashley, State geologist,
says in a syllabus of Pennsylvania
Geology and Mineral Resources.
The syllabus which is just off the
press, describes the various rock
strata in Pennsylvania in the order
in which they were formed, the ge-
ologic processes to which they have
been subjected and the mineral re-
“Evidently Pennsylvania
pamphlet. “Some of thse folds if
[from a great shallow sea recei
| sediments to a land of vast moun-
| tain ranges,” Dr. Ashley says in the
restored would project five miles or
more above sea level. If, however,
the action required millions of years,
as is probable, none of these folds
ever reached full height. Instead
we picture them soon eroding into a
mass of mountain peaks rivaling in
height and ruggedness the Alps,
Andes or Himalayas.
“Just as when you push on the
end of a pile of rugs, until they take
up less floor space, the Appalach-
jan revolution (the term given to
this pressure resulting in the folding
of the rock
ranges, greatly shortened Pennsylva-
nia, possibly by 100 miles, according
to rough estimates.
strata into mountain
The rocks un-
der Philadelphia may have originally
underlain what is now Atlantic
The geologic history of Pennsylva- |
nia as related by a study of the
State's rock strata reveals three
main points, Dr. Ashley says.
“First,” he says, “instead of the
hills and valleys being ‘eternal,’ they
are only the present momentary |
| scene in a great drama in which
time and again the sea advanced
over Pennsylvania and thousands of
feet of rock material were laid down,
and time and again the sea bottom
rose to the surface and the sea re-
“In other scenes the earth's crust
was folded and crushed, or broken
along vertical
molten rock welled up from beneath.
In some scenes
cracks, or floods of
Pennsylvania ap-
pears as a land of vast mountains,
as high and rugged as any in the
world today. In others the State
lay quiet, slowly wearing away and
was to the sea. Then came up-
lift and the streams carved valle
out of the softer rocks, leaving the
hard and resistant rocks standing up
as mountains.
“During the Ice Age great glaciers
pushed their way into the northern
corners of the State, completely
changing the landscape; and further
uplifts made the streams cut the
present narrow, lower valley in the
former wide valleys.
“The second great idea to be got-
ten from the rocks is that of the im-
mensity of time. One hundred to
250,000,000 were required to
deposit 25,000 feet of paleozoic rocks
in Pennsylvania.
“The third great idea the rocks
show is the slow progress of life.”
Dr. Ashley says that today most
geologists and other scientists be-
lieve that a plan and a pu un-
derlie this story of the roc and
that in deciphering it men have been
| trying to retrace “the footsteps of
of Bengal, Mount Kamet is 600 miles
the Creator.”
Kansas war veterans who served |
with the 35th Division in France, are
preparing to ask Pennsylvania this
“Say, what's the big idea?”
Kansans, touring French battle-
fields, reported that a handsome
monument had been erected by
Pennsylvania in the
courtyard of |
Varennes commemorating the valor
of that State's soldiers who, accord-
ing to the marker, captured the
“It was Kansas troops who cap-
tured Varennes,” said Fred Henney, |
president of the 35th Division asso-
ciation. “None of us ever will for-
get Sept. 26, 1918, when we drove
the Germans out.”
Official action regarding the mat- |
ter will be taken in Pittsburgh in
September when the division holds
its annual reunion.
: The Pennsylvania department of
revenue Monday began a survey to
determine what licensed motor
trucks within the State are being
used for purposes taxable under the
Williams act, placing an eight mill
levy on the gross receipts of all mo-
of persons or freight.
Truck owners using their vehicles
for hire are required to file their first
tax report Decmber 31, 1931, show-
ing their receipts for the six-month
period started July 1.
I tor vehicles used for transportation
Deductions |
from the tax due will be permitted
| for moneys paid for licenses.
Both-interstate and intra-state ve-
hicles used to carry freight or pas-
sengers will be taxed.
The departmental survey will be
followed by a letter to every taxable
advising him of the expected tax re-
1st Hubby—I think I'll
wife for Congress.
2nd Hubby—Why?
1st Hubby-—Because she is so han-
run my
dy at introducing bills in the house.
Dr. Stephen Rothman, to
too much metal money.
Medical Association tells how
i neck.
Tests with clean and sterile coins
on the skin brought about swellings
and inflammations, and the salts of
these metals still
job and was cured in four weeks.
traced by a Hungarian physician, |
handling |
A communication to the American
e |
found the cause of the disease. The |
patient counted silver, nickel and cop- |
per coins for the Budapest street car
company all day, and had eczema on |
‘his hands, underarms, shoulders and
| more irri- |
| tating. But another healthy person |
was not at all affected by these. The |
patient gave up the money-counting | 24,000 feet in altitude,
ines |
Darjeeling, With Peaks of the Himalayas in the Background.
(Prepared by the National Geographle
OUNTS Kamet and Kinchin-
junga in the Himalayas have
Everest this summer in the
interest of the world's mountain climb-
was successfully scaled by a British
party on June 21. Kinchinjunga, 27.
by a party of Germans.
Heretofore, Mount Kamet has sel
highest pinnacles are being discussed,
but nevertheless it is one of the selec!
up farther above sea level than moun-
tains In any other part of the earth.
amazing group of mountain giants that
extend along the Himalaya chain and
in height by any of its fellows except
Everest, 20,002 feet high; Goodwin
Dhaulagiri, 26,828, and Gosal Than,
26305. All of these super-giants
Goodwin Austen, which is in northern
is situated just a stone's throw
south of the Tibetan border, In
by is Nanda Devi, which tops it by
less than 200 feet. These comparisons
the third highest mountain in the Brit.
ish empire: and by virtue of this fact
ous attack by mountain climbers.
While Mounts Everest and Kinchin-
Society. Washington, D. C.)
taken the place of Mount
ers. Mount Kamet, 25,445 feet high.
815 feet high, is now being attacked
dom been heard of when the earth's
little group of Asiatic peaks that push
Although it ranks thirtieth among the
into China, it is not greatly surpassed
Austen, 28,250; Kinchinjunga, 27815;
among mountains are In Nepal except
The peak of Mount Kamit
the United Provinces of India. Near-
boil down to the fact that Ramet is
it was considered well worth a seri-
Junga are near Darjeeling, hill capital
to the northwest near Simla, hill cap
ital of India. [It lies in the Garhwal
district of the United Provinces, 130
miles due east of Simia near the
ecightieth meridian of longitude. This
area came into British possession in
1814 ns a result of the Gurka war
(with Nepal). This region consists of
a maze of high peaks with extremely
deep valleys winding among them.
The valleys and lower slopes are heav-
{ly wooded.
How Mount Kamet Is Reached.
The railhead used in expeditions to
Mount Kamet Is at Kathgodam, In
the United Provinces, at the southern
edge of the Himalayan foothills. From
there travel is overland through val-
leys and up steep slopes to Ranikhet,
a hill village comparable in location
to Simla, From Ranikhet the way
leads over rough country and across
a number of deep river gorges, to the
village of Niti at 12,000 feet altitude.
From this point both yaks and coolie
hearers are used.
Althougi: numerous attempts to
scale Mount Kamet have been made
since 1835, no one succeeded in reach-
{ng the summit until this summer.
The latest expedition prior to the one
that has just scaled the peak was led
in 1920 by Dr. A. M. Kellas, He
reached an altitude of 23,6800 feet, but
had to turn back hecause his native
assistants were suffering from moun-
tain sickness,
On the slopes of Mount Kamet Is
one of the chief head-water glaciers
of the Ganges river,
Kinchinjunga is bigger game for the
mountain climber than Kamet, both
because of its extreme height and the
steepness of its slopes. It is the
third highest mountain in the world,
reaching upward five and one-third
miles above sea level.
Of the three highest peaks—Everest,
Goodwin Austen, and Kinchinjunga—
the latter is most inaccessible. [It lies
45 miles north of Darjeeling In an alr
line, but the road that one must travel
across canyons, over ridges and around
{intervening peaks, is much longer.
Darjeeling has been headquarters
for the several expeditions that have
tried unsuccessfully to scale Kinchin-
| junga In past years. Like Simla, 700
miles farther west, and Srinagar in
Kashmir, Darjeeling is a godsend to
perspiring Europeans who must spend
the hot period In India. But it is
more than a cool retreat: it is a
matchless observation post, when the
clouds permit, for the mightiest moun-
tain scenery that the world affords.
And the outstanding sight to the north-
ward, across deep chasms and beyond
tier after tier of foothills, is the
mighty Kinchinjunga, buttressed by
half a dozen peaks from 20,000 to
Darjeeling stands on & sort of stage
before and above which sweep the
amphitheater slopes of Himalayan
foothills that rises about 7,000 feet
from the Belgian plains. On the side
toward the mountains the ridge drops
away for approximately 6,000 feet
forming what might, in American ter-
minology, be called “the Grand Can
yon of the Ranjit,” but whose heavily
forested slopes and tropically luxu-
riant floor earns in [ndia the more
poetic name of “Vale of Ranjit.”
It is across this titanic valley ana
beyond over ranges of foothills, lower
than that on which Darjeeling sits,
that one looks te mighty Kinchin
junga, The eye therefore sees a rise
of approximately 7,000 feet, a range
of altitude to be seen in few If any
other places in the world, since most
of the highest mountains rise from
lofty plateaus.
Darjeeling on the Foothills.
Darjeeling has characteristics un |
like those of most towns. It can hard- |
ly be sald to have streets, Most of
the buildings face on paths or walks |
which run along the main ridge and |
out onto its minor spurs, or work
their way by serpentine routes to
other paths that cling to the steep |
sides of the slopes. Steps, too, serve |
In place of roads, connecting terraces |
that rise one above the other. One of |
the few carriage roads is a driveway |
that skirts the lower end of the main |
ridge and leads below to the suburb
Lebong and its barracks for British |
soldiers, i
The villas, bungalows, shops, gov
| guests about to imbibe by
“hold the line.”
For 50 cents you can telephone to friends, rela-
tives or customers as far as eighty miles away—
for friendly chats, family reunions, business
transactions. And after 8:30 P. M. you can call
them for only 33 eents!
The service is fast, clear, dependable
the calls easy to make. Just give the
pumber to the operator (ask Infor-
mation if you don't know it) and
(Rates based on East. Standard Time)
Gen. 2
The depression has hit two severe
blows at the diplomats.
Revolutions and financial crises
abroad and poor conditions here
have caused diplomatic salaries to
be reduced.
The sad news making the round of | Tuesd
diplomatic society is that the flow of
liquor, so often denounced in Con-
gress, will not be so great this year.
The prospect is for fewer and less
lavish parties.
The most magnificent of all diplo-
matic establishments in the Capital
is that of the British Government.
It is new, imposing. British diplo-
mats the world over are the envy of
American diplomats because of the
fat expense accounts allotted them.
| However, expense accounts are calcu-
lated on a sliding scale commensur-
ate with living costs so there will
be less money to spend in the great
| Georgian structure this winter.
Premier Mussolini has reduced sal-
aries of his diplomats by 12 per
The Germans, never flush since
the war, are to get further salary
Bulgarian salaries are off 10 per
cent. France is reported to have
reduced diplomatic salaries some
time ago. Don Miguel Cruchaga,
| new Chilean Ambassador, is serving
without pay and the salaries of his
staff have been reduced.
The Cuban Embassy is reported to
have suffered a 55 per cent reduc-
tion. Bolivia, Mexico and other
countries have imposed additional
Faik Konitza, Minister from Al-
bania, is reported recently to have
suggested to his government that the
Albanian Legation be abolished. He
thought it did not earn its salt.
It is the habit of many persons in
Washington to seek to fmpuesa
the beverage to diplomatic sources.
ernment buildings, hospitals, churches, There will be less truth than ever
schools, barracks and native huts that |
make up Darjeeling and its suburb |
form pendant communities, like giant |
saddle-bags thrown over the ridge. |
Dwellings are scattered down the
slopes for a thousand feet, the ground
floors of one tler on a level with the
roofs of the next tier below If one
must cover much space in Darjeeling
he rides on pony back or is carried In
a litter by four servants,
The center of Darjeeling is Observe. |
tory hill, a knoll on the crest of the |
ridge. Topping the knoll is a Buddhist |
monument and surrounding It is a
small forest of staffs from which
prayer flags flutter thelr supplications.
From the benches near the monument
one may sit, when mist and clouds do
not Interfere, and take advantage of
Darjeeling’s best view of mighty Kin-
chinjunga and Its fellows. But often
the vigil is fruitless. It is only for
relatively brief periods during spring
and early winter that one may be sure
of long, uninterrupted views of the
towering granite and ice walls and
snowy slopes to the north,
Looking Across to the Peaks.
Standing on the Darjeeling ridge
when the air is free of mists, the ob-
server first looks down, deep down
6,000 feet Into a river gorge choked
with tropical jungle. Then his eyes
rise to the rice fields reflecting the
blue sky and the tea plantations. Up
and up to the Temperate zone trees,
then to the pine forests crowning
lower mountains, The observer peeps
over half a dozen intervening ridges
into the dark mysterious depths of
valleys. Then he sees the bare up-
lands above the tree line and finally
the beginning of the snows. Long
white glaciers drape the mountain
mass whose two-pronged peak half
fills the sky.
The world seems to be walled on
the north. There is no such thing
as a horizon; Kinchinjunga closes the
view like an exquisite screen,
The vertical height is to the lengtl
at this point of vantage as one is to
eight; that is, as a tree 60 feet high
appears when viewed at the distance
of one average city block.
In terms of familiar American views,
Kinchinjunga, seen from Darjeeling,
is like the Washington monument as
it appears from the west verunda of
the Capitol or the Woolworth building
as seen from the Jersey shore,
Darjeeling well earns its popularity |
as a summer resort. While on the |
steamy plains of Bengal, a few miles |
away, the mercury climbs in summer |
above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, it sel-
dom tops 75 degrees at Darjeeling;
and in winter 35 degrees marks the low
point of the temperature range. The
unpleasant feature of the weather is |
furnished by the heavy rains, Ten |
feet of water fall each year, and some |
of the storms are violent. |
|e candidate for nomination
this winter in such claims.
The General Assembly at its last
session repealed the part of the sec-
tion of the school attendance law
which authorized the reduction of
the attendance period for minors
past fourteen years of age, De-
partment officials today pointed out.
All children between the ages of
eight and sixteen years are required
to attend school throughout the en-
tire term unless they are legally ex-
No change has beer made in the
rquirement employment
certificates and permits for minors
between the ages of fourteen and
sixteen years and age certificates for
those between the ages of
and eighteen years.
Bride: I think, George, that I'll
ask the people next door to have din-
ner with us.
Groom: What for?
Bride: Well, the butcher left their
meat here by mistake and I think
it's only fair.
I Jereby announce myself a ciadidaie
for the nomination for of Centre
County, subject to the decision of
Democratic voters at the
tion on September 15, .
We are auth to announce
D. McDowell, of )
a candidate for ay JownguiD ..
of Centre county, on the
Heliot. oo the decision oo the
oters party, as reased
Primaries to be held on Tuesday, Sep
tember 15, 1931
We are authorized to announce that
John 8. Spearly, of Spring township, is
th for the of-
fice of County Commissioner, subject tc
the decision of the voters of the Demo
cratic y as expressed at the Primarie:
to be held Tuesday, September 15, 1831
We are authorized to announce
Huey, of Patton township,
candidate for nomination for the
is ¢
We are authorized to announce
Victor Brungart, of Miles townshi
candidate for nomination on the
cratic ticket for the office of Commis
sioner of Centre County, subject to thn
decision of the voters of the a
expressed at the Primaries to be
Tuesday, September 15, 1881.
We are suthorized to announce tha
O. 8S. Womer, of R t ho i8 ¢
gandidate for nomination for the office o
County oner, su the de
Sn a Rg to be
ao Tuesday, September 15, 1981.
We are authorized to announce tha
A. B. Williams, of Port Matilda, Pa. L
candidate for nomination for the offic
ago or today? We shall be
glad to help you make sure that
your is adequate to
your risks,
Hugh M. Quigley
Temple Gogyl, pellefonte, pa.
Dependatle Insurance