Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, May 29, 1931, Image 1

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    ——Governor Pinchot now realizes
that molasses is a better lure for
flies than vinegar.
— In the case of sheriff Cunning- |
ham, of Philadelphia, justice travel- |
23 W's leagen heel but a sure
——An investigation of the rea-
sons for delay in voting
machines was tardy but may prove
——The General Assembly has
ended the most futile session of all
time. It has bickered more and ac-
complished less than any of its pred-
—— There are still three separate
and independent departments of the
State government, the efforts of the
Governor to the contrary notwith-
standing. i
——Governor Pinchot's goody-
goody House passed the bili that |
would have broken into the sanctity
of the Sabbath by permitting Sun-|
day base-ball, and the people's dia- |
bolical Senate killed it,
—Tomorrow will be the first an-.
niversary of the most memorable |
Memorial day this community has
ever known. On the morning of |
May 30, 1930, there was a freeze |
that killed much vegetation. Early
risers saw a white frost so heavy
that it looked like snow. |
— Governor Pinchot will probably |
call the General Assembly into ex-
tra session some time later in the
year. It will cost the State about |
a quarter of a million dollars, and
pothing will come of it. It is not |
likely that men who refused to eat |
out of the Governor's hand this spring |
will be any more disposed
to do it |
—The Legislature redeemed itself
in the closing days of the session. |
After doing nothing since January it
passing a bill that makes it legal |
to kill elk, deer and bear with a bow |
and arrow. That, we should say,
ers; no legislation of any impor-
tance having been enacted. Few
will revile the body for that, how.
ever, for most people believe we
have more laws now than we have
time, inclination or courage to en-
‘the Watchman is given a credit
line, which is not always done when
our stuff is “lifted.”
planations as to why we made Mary
go over the mountain on May 14,
when she won't start the
until July 2. of
to go of what we have always
thought to have been the best amateur
singing quartette we have ever heard.
And we write from a heart bowed
down with regret, that he, most in-
genuous, most devoted in his friend-
ship, most human of the four, had to
be called while we Pp ted.
It might have been a comfort to
“Bill” to hear what those who really
thought. We knew him,
We knew all of his shortcomings
and as a voluntary pleader before the
judgment bar we rest his case with-
out presenting other evidence than |g
our own kunowiedge that in his heart
The bond which binds Governor
Pinchot and Joe Grundy in political
partnership is threatened with sev-
erance, Gossip has
break several times
auguration of the Governor four
months ago but the minor differences
upon which the rumors were based
have in turn been adjusted. Maybe
they were only imaginary and in-
vented in the hope they might ma-
terialize. Anyway both seem to
have been satisfied with conditions
as they p thus far. The
Governor has scrupulously refrained
Mr. Grundy, and the Sen-
ator, for a month, has been prompt
responding to every call for serv-
ice and help.
But the resignation of Public Serv-
ice Commissioner Benn has opened
up a chasm between them which
may serve the of a grave
for their rather sinister alliance. Mr.
Grundy demands that his servile
friend, Frank J. Gorman, be appoint-
ed to fill the vacancy. Gorman
was affiliated with the Fisher ad-
ministration in a very intimate and
even confidential capacity and has
always shared with Fisher and the
Mellons an antipathy against Pin-
chot. So far as the Governor is
concerned this attitude would make
little difference. Eleventh hour con-
| versions make strong appeal to him,
But a great number of his friends
out did itself, in the last week, bY |..." or gigrerent temperament and the are commendable
proposition has provoked a roar of
The Governor owes much to the
friendship of Grundy. In the pri-
mary campaign of 1922 it gave him
the nomination for Governor and a
It was
The most absurd alibi which the
President and his friends have of-
fered for the continued failure to
check or even mitigate the industrial
| depression is that it is a world-wide
| misfortune attributable
to unavoid-
able conditions incident to read-
ts after the world war. This
might serve as an adequate reason
for industrial and commerical
tress in Belgium, with her compara-
tively meager population and limited
area and resources. It * might be
set up as an excuse for Germany,
France and Italy, with their im-
poverished populations, Recupera-
tion is difficult and tardy where pov-
erty is prevalent.
But there is no basis for such a
pretense in the United States admit-
tedly the richest country in the world.
The world war was an expensive en-
terprise to the government and peo-
of this country but it involved
such sacrifices as it levied upon
participants on either side.
ments of recuperation into motion.
country, with
rather than impaired facilities for
production and an immense farming
section of almost unequaled fertility,
has no reason for failure to Hoye
there was so much of gold thatone
never thought of dross.
dis- | of approximately a billion as Uncle
Real Cause of Unemployment.
During 1930 our foreign trade
fell approximately $2,737,780,000 be-
low that of 1929, according to a
statement issued the other day by
Assuming that the average profit of
business is ten per cent this repre-
sents a loss to the commercial life
of the country of about $20,750,000.
For the first quarter of this year,
according to the same ble
authority, our exports were $418,170,-
000 below those of the same period
of 1930 and $708,545,000 less than
that of the first quarter of 1929.
This gradual but disastrous decrease
of export trade
no other cause than the
Grundy tariff law.
The other day President Hoover
called the Secretary of the Interior
‘and the several under-secretaries of
‘that department into conference at
his fishing camp on the Rapidan to
devise methods and means of reduc-
ing expenses, A week earlier he
(had held a similar conference with
officials of the War Department. Out
of these conferences it is said plans
of hundred thousand dollarsa
A group of New York Re-
| year.
| publicans recently petitioned the
President to hasten operations on
| public building construction author-
lized by the last the pur-
pose being to remedy or reduce the
‘evil of unemployment.
| Petty economies in administration
and activity in
‘public construction desirable. The
| first averts waste, as Calvin Coolidge
|proved when he set a limit to the
number of pencils to be issued each
\year, and the other would give
Commission is that every member of
the investigating committee who
sympathized with Mr. Pinchot's pur-
pose is a candidate for a seat on the
Uncle Andy’s Claim Vindicated
Uncle Andy Mellon has vindicated
his claim as the greatest Secretary
of the Treasury since Alexander
Hamilton managed that office dur-
ing Washington's administration. It
wasn't a very big job then but it
was a hard one for the reason that
resources were limited, debts compar-
atively large and credit bad. Receipts
expressed in
thousands then instead of billions, as
now, and we gravely doubt Mr. Ham-
ilton’s ability to “laugh off” a deficit
Andy will have to do within a
month from to-morrow, unless some
tidal wave of good luck
intervenes meantime.
But it is not our purpose to meas-
ure the relative capacity of the two
great Secretaries on the yard stick
of ability to frown or smile in the
face of desperate emergencies. Uncle
Andy's “edge” is based on a more
substantial achievement. He has just
discovered, and disclosed to the
lic through the medium of a
that income tax yields
——Governor Pinchot has signed
the bill abolishing county poor dis-
tricts in Union, Snyder and Juniata
counties and creating borough and
township districts. Extravagance
in the operation of the county unit
system was the principal reason
for the demand for its abolishment
and a return to the borough and
township unit system.
of Tennessee.
the Baltimore Sun predicts an in.
| evitable increase of taxes in the
I near future, “no matter how far the
administration's economy may be
carried.” Secretary Mellon has sug-
gested a lowering of the income tax
exemptions. But with a practically
certain deficit of a billion dollars at
the end of the present fiscal year
and an equally ponderous deficit a
| year later treasury officials can see
'mo other way out of the dilemma.
Senator Couzens, of Michigan, who
Is under suspicion of the administra-
| tion, proposes a heavy
can be ascribed tO an increase in the estate and inherl-|
iniquitous tance tax, but it is figured that such
| expedients, however aelpful, would
|be inadequate.
|, But something must be done and
‘that something must come very soon.
A tax of one cent a gallon on gaso-
line seems to be the first expedient
that occurs to the minds of the treas-
‘ury officials. It is estimated that
‘such a levy would yield $500,000,000 |
a year and cut a considerable figure | savagery
|in ‘solving of the problem. It has also
‘were devised which will Save 8 been suggested DE en to Ta th
the tax on cigarettes might be toler-
ated with little if any complaints on
the part of consumers. Other sub-
jects of internal taxation have been
proposed, such as proprietary medi-
cines, amusements and even bank
checks. But Secretary Mellon is un-
alterably opposed to taxing bank
“whole cheese.”
The President is bitterly opposed
to any increase of taxation during
the first session of the new Congress.
He realizes that responsibility might
be shifted upon the Democrats but
it would be difficult in view of the
present deficit, and traditionally the
| blame for tax increase is placed on
the administration in power at the
time. Moreover, he imagines that dis-
aster may be averted until after the
election of 1832 by selling treasury
certificates and negotiating tempo-
————— A ————————
——Among the House apopsia
tion bills passed finally by Sen-
ate, last week, was one for $25,000 to
the ent of Military Affairs
for acquring land in Harris town-
ship, Centre county.
Fishing Was Very Good On Last
The Weshington correspondent of
rr ——
nr sg |
| From the Danville Morning News.
Two great enemies beset the adult
human being of today, says Dr.
| George H. Crile, famous middle-
| ern t. They are infections
|and emotions; disease and fear, to!
| put it more simply.
i In of the claws, horns and
| fangs with which other animals pro-
tect themselves Dr. Crile points out,
‘man has only an extremely high
| development of certain parts of his
brain. This, his greatest asset, is
'also his greatest liability. He liter-
|ally consumes his brain with worry
land fear. A long and grinding
| emotional strain may use up 100,000
be a method of escape,
says Dr. Crile, in an intellectual ap-
proach to the problem. The fear of
‘death is the worst of man's fears,
for it begins as a child and continues
|into old age; but it is a fear that
|can be rationalized. Some day, the
doctor , children are
trained physical
aspect of death as a fact, the race
whole story of the race's climb from
to civilization is simply a
the discarding of fears.
, men feared every-
they did not understand,
In the
were profound mysteries, carrylze A
threat and a ed menace, Even
the fire leaped upon
in cave or forest hut was a mystery
—a thing to be propitiated, some-
times a thing to worshipped.
We have a long way since
that day. from the
ik :
“Uncle Andy” is the Tariff “Angel,”
| From the New York Times.
Professor Harold Laski, continuing
his articles on
ities in The London Daily Herald to-
day, calls Andrew Mellon the “world's
tariff cham ry
Mr. ” he says, “feels that
men are to the United States
were to
the Amer-
personal- |
—When he came in contact with a
2300-volt line while making repairs on a
pole near Tamaqua, Russell Jarrett, a,
a lineman for the Pennsylvania Power
and Light company, was electrocuted.
—Charles Smuck, 18, of Wrightsville,
fishing from the shore of the Susquehan-
na river there landed an 18-pound Ger-
man carp on a hand line but not until
the huge fish pulled him into the stream
giving him a thorough ducking. Fisher-
men in the river borough stated the fish
was one of the largest ever caught there.
—Claiming total disability as a result
of shell shock, Mrs. Mary Allison, of
Tamaqua, has been notified that she has
been granted compensation. In 1927 she
was caught in an explosion of dynamite
caps at the Atlas Powder company plant
at Reynolds. She lost her right eye
and hand and was given compensation at
| that time. Since then she has become
| totally disabled, suffering a type of shell
| shock identical with that suffered by
| many soldiers in the world war.
—A modern hospital, 800 feet below
the earth's surface, was opened last week
|in the No. 9 mine of the Lehigh Coal
land Navigation company, near Tamaqua.
| The hospital is equipped with pulmotors,
| oxygen tanks, surgical instruments and
| an operating table. In case of serious
| accidents surgeons will be lowered into
| the mine and work on the patient right
| oh the scene. This will result in sav-
|ing many lives of injured workmen.
| safety director John F. Boyle said in
dedicating the hospital.
| Preference to married men and to
| men with dependents is to be the rule in
| hirimg men for road work by the Penn-
| sylvania Department of Highways, Sec-
| retary Samuel S. Lewis announced on
“Our contribution to the abate-
| Monday.
ment of unemployment is limited to the
| funds at our disposal,” Secretary Lewis
| said, “and it is my belief that if wages
i paid the head of a family or the
breadwinner for several dependents, bene-
| fits from the Department's expenditures
| will reach many more people.”
| —Another gas well has been added to
the Tioga fleld. At a depth slightly less
| than 4000 feet the Ashton No. 1 of the
| Lycoming Natural Gas company came in
| with a flow of better than 12,000,000 feet.
This is the seventh successful well. Ter-
ritory in New York State has been open-
ed in conjunction with the Tioga ter-
ritory. New York has thirty wells pro-
ducing 150,000,000 feet a day, while the
| Tioga territory has seven wells producing
around 165,000,000 feet a day, while the
| local average is boosted, however, by the
Meaker well, near Tioga.
—Edward G. Strickler, former clerk of
the Franklin county courts, was arrested
on Monday, on a warrant charging him
with failure to pay to the county com-
missioners $500 deposited as cash ball in
a case. In default of $2,500 bail, Strick-
ler was committed to jail. L. H. Leiter,
—Thomas B. Gallagher, who uttered
two words on St. Patrick's day, was paid
1 $125 for each word by the White Haven
Savings Bank last week. He saw the at-
“to rob the bank and yelled “Bank
robbers,” then dodged back, ‘followed by
a shower of bullets... As a result, Mi-
chael Viadyka, of McAdoo, is in the east.
ern penitentiary, serving a life sentence
| for murder. Michael Capawan, John Mac-
arski and Anna Ignatovich, of McAdoo,
| are awaiting sentence for the stickup.
| The directors of the bank passed a reso-
lution thanking Gallagher and ordering
| that he be paid $250.
| —Starting on June 1, the State will
| collect the gasoline tax from the distrib-
| utor instead of the retail dealer. Gov-
| ernor Pinchot late last Friday affixed his
| signature to the Beidelspacher bill, an ad-
| ministration measure which switches the
responsibility for paying the gasoline tax
to the source and which was urged by
Governor Pinchot in his inaugural ad-
dress. Instead of collecting the tax
from 26,000 retail dealers, the State will
now hold approximately 700 distributors
responsible for the payment. The bill
does not affect the tax, which remains at
three cents per gallon.
—Health authorities in Pittsburgh have
announced that it had been definitely as-
certained that three presons who are ill
in Allegheny county are suffering from
psittacosis (parrot fever.) Three deaths
already have occurred among members of
| the family to which the three persons
now ill belong, and the deaths, first be-
| lieved to have resulted from pneumonia.
| are now sald to have been caused by
Weigand, his mother, k
Weigand and his daughter, Marie. A
parrot owned by the family died before
members of the family were stricken.
—A cut of two thousand dollars a year
in salary is in prospect for the president
| judge of Clearfield county providing a
| bill now before the State Senate galas
final approval of that body. The
authorizing Clearfield county to slash
salary of its judge from $12,000
000 has already passed the House,
now awaits final action of the
tional bank of Altoona, one a woman,
pleaded guilty in federal court at Pitts
burgh, on Monday, to embezzlement
charges. Cyril Nagle, 87, former assist-
ed with defalcations of $27,000 over a
period of six years. His brother, H.
Eugene Nagle, 25, a bookkeeper, admitted
defaleations of $1,006 and was placed on
He made full
for two years after she admitted defal-
cations of approximately $12,000. Her
attorney told the court she had support.
ed nine members of her family and that
when the burden became too heavy, she
began her defsleations. The bank was
closed in April. :