Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, August 15, 1930, Image 6

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    Deora td.
Bellefonte, Pa., August 15, 1930.
The origins of the names of
How Air Currents Are
English coins are most interest-
ing, constituting, as they do, a
historical record.
The first coin, and for many
years practically the only one,
was the Roman denarius, whence
the sign “d” now used for a
The denarius was a silver coin
weighing originally 24 grains
troy. The copper penny was in
the beginning merely a token, a
pledge to be redeemed in goods
to the value of a denarius.
The word “penny” is derived
from “pand,” which is Dutch,
and means a pledge. The earlier
forms were “pending,” then
In Ethelred’s time it became
the custom to divide these tok-
ens into half and quarter wedge-
shaped pieces. These were the
origin of the terms halfpenny
and farthing—the fourthing of
a penny.
The pound sterling is from
the Latin “pondus,” a weight.
From a pound of pure silver 240
denarii were made. Hence the
word as applied to the coin.
The fourpenny piece, or groat,
was so called because it was a
“great” penny, from the Dutch
word “grote,” meaning great.
The guinea derived its name
from being minted from the
Guinea coast of Africa.—Mont
real Family Herald.
Tested for Flying Men |
In the present days the demands of
and direction of the wind at different
heights before he starts on his jour-
tion of the upper atmoSphere is neces:
sary. These explorations are made by
Therefore a systematic explora- | 3
¥ ! i effect—in crimson, pink and yellow
aviation make it desirable that a pilot | orated.
houl knowl h :
should have a knowledge of the force | on the heads of the distinguished,
English Poet Laureates
Long Lived but Prosy
Poet laureates of England have
been a long-lived race. Doctor Bridges |
—he was a physician, too—was eighty-
five when he passed on. The ages of |
his three immediate predecessors in
the office—Alfred Austin, Tennyson
and Wordsworth—averaged eighty. |
Among the distinguished laureates of
an earlier period, Ben Jonson lived to
be sixty-three and Dryden to be sixty- |
nine. But the record among laureates
is held by the actor-manager Colley
Cibber, who died in 1757 at the age |
of eighty-seven. {
As a poet Colley Cibber was terrible |
and King Edward had no great opin- |
jon of the poetry of Alfred Austin,
poet laureate at the time he ascended
the throne. He was not alone in that
opinion. |
“I always thought that Mr. Austin’s
appointment was not a good one,” he
wrote to Lord Salisbury, then prime,
minister, “but as long as he gets no
pay it would, I think, be best to re- |
new the appointment in his favor.” |
A few months later King Edward
sent to Salisbury some verses and
pointedly called his attention to the
“trash which the poet laureate writes” i
—the letter is quoted in Sir Sidney |
Lee's “Life of Edward.”
Possibilities of Paper
Showers Pointed Out
It was the skyscraper that evolved
the idea of showers of bits of paper
to welcome distinguished guests in
triumphant procession in the street
below. Who threw the first handful?
He was a ploneer in that kind of
pageantry; and the fluttering par- |
ticles confer an air so festal that
nothing else can equal it.
In earlier eras flowers may have
been thus cast from windows and
balconies, but never in the prodigious
volume with which the paper cas-
cades descend; nor from the impres-
sive height. We have often thought
that this new feature of enthusiastic
salutation to heroes and joy-inspiring
guests should be developed and elab-
If we may not bestow rose-leaves
tissue paper simulation of rose-leaves
—perhaps somewhat larger for festive
| might be thickly sifted through the
-small balloons less than three feet in |
diameter, technically known as pilot ; !
The extent to which they | We don’t half realize the possibilities
| of this showy and enlivening innova-
are inflated causes them to rise at a
uniform speed of 500 feet per minute,
and while rising they float in the same
direction and at the same speed as
the air current they are in.
course is followed by a theodolite
which gives the angles of direction
and elevation. These being known,
also the height, which depends on the
time the balloon has been up, the
speed and direction of the wind at
.different altitudes can be arrived at
by a few simple tules in mathematics.
Their :
“Phe use of this knowledge to the mod-
. ern aviator is obvious. For instance,
if he “takes off” in a ten-mile wind
..on the surface and knows that at
8,000 feet there is a gale plowing at 60
miles an hour, he will, if this wind is
. adverse, naturally keep below that
< altitude.
How Fish Sleep
‘Fish are unable to close their eyes,
and they do not sleep like animals,
that is, by relaxing and losing all
sense of what is going on about them.
The United States bureau of fisheries
‘reports in a bulletin on the subject
‘that close study of the habits of fish
show that they follow periods of great
activity with periods of repose in
which they rest and are indifferent te
-what goes on about them unless ap-
sproached by an enemy. It has been
.observed that fish in swift streams
-gppear to keep up a continuous battle
against the current so they will not
be swept
: Saas
i How to Remove Tight Ring
One simple method suggested fo:
taking a ring off a finger when the
finger has grown and ring has not
“been off the finger for some time Is
to rub the finger with soap and cold
vater to help the removal of the ring.
Another way is to begin at the end
of the finger and wind a strong thread
around it, with close coils, until the
ring is reached, then slip the end of
thread through ring and unwind 8o as
to carry off the ring. If the finger is
very much swollen or the ring is very
tight, it may be necessary to have
the ring cut.
How to Cut Glass Easily
“The bureau of standards says that
glass can be cut more easily under
water because the vibration is less
than in the air, and the glass is there-
fore less liable to crack. Pure water
attacks all glasses to a greater or less-
.er degree, and in the less perfect kinda
extracts the alkali. In certain kinds
of glass the action of water is not
confined to the surface only, but pen-
etrates and causes a partial hydration
of some of the silica or silicates.
How Much Brain Weighs
The average weight of the human
prain is about 45 ounces. Generally
speaking the brains of men are heav-
fer than those of women, although the
relative weights of the brain and body
are about the same in the two sexes.
The average weight of the male brain
1g 48 ounces; that of the female, 48.
i ——————
How to Overcome Shyness
Shyness can best be cured by the
development of self-confidence, which
calls for the power of thinking, the
power of acting on the thought, and
the power of self-control.
away from a favorite haunt. :
got a fellow named B— out there?”
air; or still more gorgeous, mingled
with stars of silver and gold paper.
tion—St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Galleries and Gardens of the Zwinger, Dresden.
(Prepared by the Natlonal Geographic
Society, Washington, D. C.)
WO capitals of German states,
Dresden in Saxony and Munich
in Bavaria, are capitals, as well,
of art, and annually draw their
thousands of art-loving tourists.
Dresden is filled with artistic won-
ders. Its picturesque setting, astride
a beautiful bend in the Elbe river,
110 miles south of Berlin,
caused Herder, the poet, to call it the
Florence of the Elbe.
From an approaching river steamer,
the Saxon capital is a city of graceful
spires and huge domes and cupolas,
but inside the Altstadt (old city) on
the left bank of the Elbe, the picture
changes to one of artistically embel-
lished buildings, handsomely sculp-
‘ tured monuments, galleries of famous
paintings, numerous museuins with
choice collections of all sorts, spa-
cious squares and parkways, and can-
yonlike streets where Kunst (German
for “art”) is heard among the throngs
nearly as often as some of the com-
mon verbs.
A large portion of the Altstadt lies
sear the Augustus bridge, one of the
five spans that connect the old town
| with Neustadt, on the other bank of
{ the river.
The Hof-Kirche, facing the
| bridge with its 272-foot tower, is a
Proof of Friendship
A telephone call came to the super: !
intendent of a sanitarium pear Chi-
“Say,” queried the caller, “have you
“Why, yes.”
“Is he paying you any board?”
“No; he's a charity patient.”
“Say, that guy hasn't got any more !
right to be a charity patient than 1
have. Why, he’s got $400 in one bank
and $600 in another and he owns a
pungalow out in Waukegan. You'd
better hide his clothes before you give
him a bill, though, or he'll skip out
on you. He's that kind of a crook.”
“Say,” demanded the superintend-
ent, “who are you and how do you
come to know so much about B—'s
affairs?” |
“Oh,” replied the unknown calle:,
“I'm a close friend of his,”—Chicage
Evening Post. i
Misled by Sign
Pat, the Irishman, had agreed to ac- |
company his wife on a shopping ex-
“here's a good pair of boots,” saia
the latter, as they stood looking in the
window of a boot and shoe shop. “I'll
get those for little Jamesy.”
Pat looked at the articles indicatea
and a murmur of surprise left his lips
as he saw the price and the notice,
“Last Seven Days” displayed on a
card above them. :
“But, surely, Martha,” he said, “you
don’t want to buy those things.”
“Why not, Pat?’ asked his wife
“Begorrah,” gasped her husband, |
<put you want them to last longer i
than a week.”—London Answers.
New Brunswick Legend
New Brunswick, largest of Canada’s |
maritime provinces, was first settled
_ by the French and its history is filled
. with romance.
New Brunswick was
| part of Evangeline’s land and in the
early days of strife sheltered Evan- |
geline’s friends in its forests. From
the Indians of the province come in- |
teresting lengends of the country and
of their hero, Gluskap. Once upon a
time the beaver was a huge beast and
threatened man’s existence. Then came
Gluskap in his canoe, which was an
island, and hunted the wicked beaver
and shattered the dams which he had '
built to flood the country. So they
] made him chief of all the tribes.
An Interruption
A ludicrous incident occurred dur
ing a parley between high officers of
the British and Turkish armies, says
Compton Mackenzie in “Gallipoli
Memories.” The discussion—it con-
cerned a truce of eight hours for the
Turks to bury their dead—took place
in a tent on the beach at Anzac. Sud-
denly the flap of the tent was lifted
. at the back and a New Zealander or
Australian batman put his head
through to call out in a voice of In-
dignant contempt:
“Heh! Have any of you blighters
pinched my kettle?” ”
! huge structure,
| ample of Italian Renaissance,
whose parapets are
topped with 59 statues of saints and,
inside, Raphael Mengs’ “Ascension”
looks down upon the high altar. A
covered passage connects the church
| with the old Saxon palacey whose
| walls are decorated with fine mural
! paintings; and in the various rooms,
. large collections of Chinese vases and
Dresden china are on display. Even
the stable adjoining the palace is em-
bellished with a ‘cavalcade of Saxon
princes, in porcelain tiles.
Treasures in Many Buildings.
Within a few blocks of the palace
numerous buildings contain the col-
lections that have made Dresden fa-
mous as the German art center. Be-
tween the church and the palace the
Grunes Gewolbe (Green Vault) con-
tains a dazzling array of jewels—dia-
monds, rubies and gsapphires—and
works of art in gold, ivory, bronze
and Limoges enamels, On a single
ivory tusk one artist has carved 142
angels and another ivory piece de-
picts an organ grinder fighting a rob-
ber. The Saxon crown jewels, a 40-
carat green diamond, jeweled trinkets
of all kinds, a golden tea service and
| the largest known onyx are displayed.
Bronze work includes statues, pedes-
tals and vases. A striking bronze
piece depicts Charles II of England
fighting off a dragon.
Across the street, surrounded by
gardens, the Zwinger, built by Au-
gustus the Strong and intended to
| house banquet and dance halls, prom-
enades and gardens befitting royal life
of the Eighteenth century, is a treas-
ury of art. The building is a fine ex-
with figures of Greek deities, vases
and flowers. Once in the court which
the Zwinger Incloses, the traveler
feels that the rose gardens and promr
enades should fulfill the most regal
The Zwinger museum contains a
half million engravings, many draw-
ings, mathematical instruments, and
a picture gallery where some of the
finest works of the most eminent
Italian, Spanish, Dutch and German
artists are on exhibition. Raphael's
«3istine Madonna” occupies a promi-
nent place in the collection. It was
purchased in 1754 from Italian monks
and smuggled out of Italy by painting
a landscape over the canvas. There
are also works of Rubens, Van Dyck,
Rembrandt and others.
The Johanneum museum, formerly
stable buildings, contains an interest-
ing collection of war material and
\ more than 20,000 pieces of Chinese,
. Japanese and Dresden porcelain, and
Italian majolica, a glazed pottery.
The Albertinum, once an arsenal,
aow is a sculpture museum with many
historical and modern pieces. Deli-
cately painted limestone reliefs dating
back to 2700 B. C. are displayed there,
while a mummy still reposes in a cof-
fin it has occupied more than 2,500
Collections and Churches.
These and numerous other exhibit
places, including the Municipal muse-
um with a fine collection of etchings;
the Academy of Art; the School and
Museum of Industrial Art; the Zoo-
logical and Bthnographical museum,
containing a large collection of stuffed
birds and ethnological specimens; the
Mineralogical and Prehistoric museum
with interesting fossils; draw art lov-
ers from all parts of the world and
earn for Dresden the right to be
called one of the world’s important
art centers.
Among the churches the Frauen
Kirche, a Protestant edifice, is the
largest. It can accommodate 5,000
worshipers. The church occupies a
whole city block. The lantern above
its huge dome is 312 feet from the
pavement, A magnificent organ and
numerous statues are interesting fea-
tures of its interior.
Between trips to this almost ent
less array of exhibits, travelers enjoy
the Dresden parks and drives. Grosser
Garten is nearly half as large as Cen-
tral Park in New York City. Within
its confines are zoological and botani-
cal gardens and the Museum of the
Saxon Antiquarian Society, where
there are 3,000 objects in porcelain,
pewter and carved wood.
In Neustadt, across the river, the
Japanese palace, so called from the
Japanese porcelain collection it once
contained, now houses the Saxon
State Library with more than a half |
million volumes and thousands of
manuscripts and maps. Dresden’s
market place is also in Neustadt, and !
houses to accommodate many of the
city’s 620,000 inhabitants.
In point of population Munich
(Munchen) Is exceeded only by Berlin
A tree which has a godfather, a
bank account and a given name of
its own is growing in a public park
at St. Petersburg, Florida.
Myrica Cerifera Davey, the tree,
is under the care or a trust fund of
$100, deposited in a local bank, and
has a passbook in her name for
computation of interest and entry of
additional deposits, Her godfather
is James A. G. Davey, vice presi-
dent of the Davey Tree Expert Co.,
of Kent, Ohio.,, who established the
trust fund.
| The tree should live several hun-
‘dred years. At the age of 200 it
will be worth $732,852.21 if no with-
drawals from the trust fund have
been needed. This represents ac-
cumulation at 4 per cent interest
compounded semi-annually.
per 100lb
Hecla Scratch Feed
32 per cent. Dairy......
Wayne 24 per cent. Dairy..... 2.20
Wayne 20 per cent. Dairy...... 2.10
Wayne 169% Dairy Ration..... 1.75
| Wayne Egg Mash.......... 2.70
| Wayne 189% Pig Meal ... A
Wayne 28% Hog Meal........ :
Wayne All Mash Starter..........
Wayne All Mash Grower........ 3.40
Wayne Calf Meal............ er 425
Rydes Calf Meal.....
A. Midd ...........ccoociet frente 1.80
B. Midds ...............; 1.50
Corn and Oats Chop ... 2.10
Cracked Corn ...........- 2.40
Corn Chop
minx Meal ..............
Linseed oil meal ...
Cottonseed Meal ...
Gluten Feed ................... 2.40
Alfalfa meal .......... 2.25
Alfalfa loaf meal ...................... 3.25
Beef Scrap or Meat Meal... 4.00
Hog tankage .........oomee 2.70
Oyster Shells ......... -— 1.00
Mica Spar Grit 1.50
Stock Salt .............. ~ 1.00
Common Fine Salf........ccccceeen 1.25
Menhaden 55% Fish Meal...... 4.00
Bone Meal ............c..ocooiininiin 3.25
Chareosl ...ic-iiseeiees: 3.00
Dried Buttermilk .. 9.50
Dried Skim Milk...ccooieeeeeee 9.00
Pratt’s Poultry Worm Powder 10.00
Pratt’s Poultry Regulator... 9.00
| Cod Liver Oil, cans gal.......... 1.80
Cod Liver Oil, bulk gal... 1.30
1, bbl. 1st Prize Flour............ ‘1.50
1, Bbl. Pillsbury Flour............ 1.90
Orders for one ton or more de-
livered without extra charge.
We make no charge for mixing
your own rations.
. Your orders will be appreciated
‘and have our careful attention.
and Hamburg among German cities. |
With 680,000 inhabitants it is SOme- |
what larger than San Francisco and
smaller than Boston. .
Munich 1s Magnificent.
In physical aspects Munich is one
of the most impressive of modern
cities. Its royal palaces, its magnifi- |
cent national theater, its great royal
library containing 1,100,000 volumes
and 50,000 rare manuscripts; its broad
thoroughfares, particularly the Lud-
wigstrasse and Maximilianstrasse,
Feed Store—28 West Bishop St.
Phone 98-J
Mill—Hecla Park, Pa. Phone 2324
Fine Job Printing
at the
bordered by the great office buildings
of the Bavarian government, and its '
famous university which ranks first |
among the German institutions of |
learning in the number of its medical |
students and second only to Berlin in
the number of students of all classes
—all these and many other buildings
and institutions make the municipal-
ity one of the chief prides of the Teu-
tonic people.
Most of the modern improvements
and practically all of its architectural
splendor Munich owes to Louis (or
Ludwig) I and his art-loving succes-
sors. Louis came to the throne in
1825 and ruled for more than 20 years.
One of the impressive monuments of
his reign is the beautiful Propylaea, |
modeled after the gate to the Athen-
jan Acropolis, and the reliefs which |
decorate this structure quite fittingly
tell the story of Greece's war of inde-
pendence and the events traaspiring
in that kingdom during the eventful
reign of King Otho 1, Louis’ son who
was elected to the throne of Greece
in 1832 but was finally expelled after
80 years. Another beautiful Munich
gateway is the Siegestor (Gate of Vie-
tory), modeled after the Arch of Con-
stantine in Rome.
One Munich gallery exhibits such
works as Titian’s “Christ Crowned
with Thorns,” Rembrandt's “The Des-
cent from the Cross” and a Raphael
“Madonna,” and contains works of
Rubens, Van Dyck, Holbein the Elder,
Perugino, Botticelli and Fra Filippo
Lippi, from which it will be seen that
Louis did not hesitate to acquire the
masterpieces of other nations.
Louis II saw Bavaria gradually ab
gorbed in the Empire, but, before
madness drove him to suicide, he fur-
thered the art development begun by
his grandfather. His reign was nota-
ble for his encouragement of Wag-
per’s development of the music drama,
and to his royal generosity, which
would add more to his fame had it
not been for the oppressive taxations
it imposed and its later excesses, were
due the Bayreuth productions.
Its Commerce and Science,
The commercial life of Munich fis
scarcely less interesting than its artis-
tic side. In America the name of the
city was once indelibly associated with
its most important article of export,
beer. In scientific circles Munich's
optical and mathematical instruments
have a world-wide reputation; while
the art of lithography had its birth
There is mo style of work, from
the cheapest “Dodger” to the fin-
that we can not do im the most
satisfactory manner, and at Prices
consistent with the class of work.
Call on or communicate with this
t for
Ohi-ches-ter 8 DI ran
Pills in Red and Gold metallic
boxes, sealed with Blue Ribbon.
Poke ne olen, Bil. Siren o
ra; for
yearns known as Best, Safest, Always Reliable
: We Offer Subject to Market Changes:
BE I there a light
| handy if one of
the children cries
in the night?
A convenient lamp
by the bedside and
good bedroom illu-
mination is a great
comfort in night-
time emergencies.
At a Reduced Rate, 20%
1336 J. M. KEICHLINE, Agent
Relieves a Headache or Neuralgia in
30 minutes, checks a Cold the first
day, and checks Malaria in three
666 also in Tablets.
1420 Chestnut St.,
Have Your Diamonds Reset in Plantium
74-27-t Exclusive Emblem Jewelry
This Interests You
The Workman's Compensation
Law went into effect Jan, 1,
1916. It makes insurance coOm-
pulsory. We specialize in plac-
ing such insurance, We inspect
Plants and recommend Accident
Prevention Safe Guards which
Reduce Insurance rates,
It will be to your interest to
consult us before placing your
State College Bellefonte
30 years in
l=2Mi=MaNSNS US NS Ue Ue te
Baney’s Shoe Store
WILBUR H. BANEY, Proprietor
: lc
the Business i
that you get from us are always
juicy and tender. We are careful
buyers and years of experience is
our guide in supplying our custom-
ers with roasts. steaks and chops
that always giv. satisfaction. We
want you to comn and make your
your own selections. Our chief aim
is to please all our customers.
Telephone 686
Market on the Diamond.
Bellefonte, Penna.
P. L. Beezer Estate.....Meat Market