Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, July 18, 1930, Image 2

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    ! deer, if there a few. Thus the game
ition of Lancaster countians for a
| five-year closed period in that -
i cultural county, so that the deer
_|may increase and multiply. This
} sentiment has existed in old Lan-
THE OPEN DOOR. caster for some years : :
rE | Probably nothing will cure it but
BY GRACE COOLIDGE {a few herds of 100 deer each hoid-
«(Written on the fifth anniversary of ing nightly banquets in young or-
the death of Calvin Coolidge Jr.) | chards or cabbage patches. The
You; my son, Lancaster petition for absolute pro-
Have shown me God, tection of deer for a number of
Your kiss upon my cheek years is an indication of the ex-
Has made me feel the gentle touch tremes of sentiment likely to be
Of Him who leads us on. aroused. The action of the board
The memory of your smile, when young, | detailed, however, related to peti-
Reveals His face, tions for local open seasons to kill
As mellowing years come on apace. doe deer, and not to petitions for
And. when you went: before, . closing counties or partsof counties.
You left the gates of Heaven ajar Grouse hunters get a break under
That I might glimpse, the 1930 rules. There is to be a
Approaching from afar, modified open season. Last year
The glories of His grace. there was none. In the 1929 hatch-
Hold, son, my hand, ing season conditions were favorable
Guide me along the path, many birds came through the win-
~ Bellefonte, Pa., July 18, 1980.
That, coming, ter except in a few grouse sections
I may stumble not and conditions have been good this
Nor roam, spring. Soprtsmen owning bird
Nor fail to show the way
100 a
Which leads us—Home. dogs, many of them paying §
year or more for the training and
care of a dog, begged for action
in the field for their dogs rather
than for large grouse bags. The
board has given them November 1
to November 7, with bag limits of
two a day or eight for the season.
This and the, doe rule are the ouly
changes made by the board this
year. Federal regulations on migra-
tory birds call for the reduced bag
of water fowl to 15 a day, with
four wild geese a day.
Many persons in the great
Fourth of July crowd at Lititz last
Friday noted the almost total ab-
sence of trout from the fine stream
in the Springs Ground. A few days
before, streets and alleys near the
lower. end of the grounds had been
liberally tarred to make broken
stone surfacing stick. There was a
heavy thunder shower after the
heat of the sun had thinned the tar
and the rain washed it into the
stream. About 150 fine trout dead
or dying, were found floating in the
It was ' also demonstrated that
some of the hard-packed little dyna-
mite fire-crackers have plenty of ex-
plosive force to kill fish in a stream.
In order to conform with Federal
hunting regulations, the daily bag
limit of wild geese will be four this
year instead of five, as it was last
year. The season on Hungarian
partridges will be closed during the
The hunting seasons will be:
Blackbirds, August 1 to November
30; railbirds, September 1 to Nov-
ember 30; wild waterfowls, coots, or
mudhens, and gallinules, October 1
to January 15. However, wood
ducks, eider ducks and swans are
Woodcock and wilson or jacksnipe,
October 15 to November 14; wild
turkeys and male ringneck pheas-
ants, November 1 to November 15.
ruffed grouse, November 1 to No-
vember 8; quail, November 1 to No-
vember 30.
Rabbits, hare and squirrels, No-
vember 1 to November 30; red, or
pine squirrels, November 1 to August
15, 1931; raccoons, November 1 to
January 15; bears, November 1 to
December 15; deer, male deer, De-
cember 1 to December 15; male elk,
December 1 to December 15.
The season for fur-bearing animals
mink, opossum, skunk and otter,
November 1 to February 28, and
muskrats, December 1 to February
Mrs. Calvin Coolidge continues to
cultivate her poetic gift. The first
verse written by the wife of the
former President, in memory of their
younger son, Calvin Jr., appearedin
Good Housekeeping Magazine sever-
zl months after the Coolidges left
the White House in 1929. It is fol-
lowed by another in the July issue
of the same magazine:
Crossing the uplands of time,
Skirting the borders of night,
Scaling the face of the peak of dreams,
We enter the region of light,
And, hastening on, with eager intent,
Arrive at the rainbow’s end,
And there uncover the pot of gold
Buried deep in the heart of a friend.
Citizens of counties where for
any good reason it is desired to re-
duce the antlerless deer population
next fall should send their petitions
to the Board of Game Commission-
ers not later than October 1, and as
long before that date as possible.
The board, by the regulations pro-
mulgated on the day before the
Fourth of July, gave absolute Home
rule, or local option, on this doe
deer problem.
In case an open season is granted,
there must be hearings after re-
ceipt of the petition, and at least
30 days before the open season as
fixed, the regulations must be ad-
vertised for three weeks. Besides
that, there must be time for the is-
suing of licenses. The Izaak Walton
League is urging all its members
to give the 1930 regulations of the
board a thorough study as soon as
possible, and, if there are to be
petitions for special seasons, that
they be started promptly, so that
they may be fully considered and |
fairly disposed of long before shoot-
ing time, The league takes the at-
titude that hunting by injunction
and mandamus in the courts is un-
profitable sport for the licensed
hunters and does not do the game
much good.
The game commission, as to ant-
lerless deer, figured on three days
of shooting in the counties or parts
of counties for which petitions are
granted. Owing to messy amend-
ments of the sportsmen’s bill on
the subject in the 1929 session of
the Legislature, the bill was vetoed
so that the law as it stands still
prohibits special doe seasons with- |
in the period of the regular buck
season, December 1—December 15
Special seasons must be before or
after. So the board selects Wed-
nesday, Thursday and Friday, Nov-
ember 26, 27 and 28, leaving a two-
day period of rest for the deer on
Saturday and Sunday before the
opening of the buck season Monday,
December 1.
It is understood that the regula-
tions for the doe season will include
another effort to save young bucks
by prohibiting the killing of antler-
less deer under a weight, size, or
age limit. This probably will be a
minimum in the 1928 open doe sea-!| J. Campbell White, secretary-
son. {treasurer of the ' commission, an-
When game laws were changed to | nounced the organization hopes to
Dowie for the Zesiove] of protec- | raise Sad Spend aloul $0000 this
on of game, or the removal of Year in furthering these four aims:
game sae go for special open sea- | Religions = eation Quiside the
sons, ] . | public Scho! stem, -
ers Fri - on a pn eration with it. and supplementing
legitimate claims of farmers and or- public school education.
chardists for damages done by deer. Encouragement of character ed-
Since then the serious unbalancing jucation in the public schools in
of the sexes and its consequences, every way.
and the undoubted ee Education of parents and pros-
of jeez, in Some Sections oo fhe | pective De help them in
available supply of natu food, | training’ their children.
have become major factors of more: Extended supervised play and
serious import than the damages. | recreation privileges to all youths
One raises a dangerous question of {under trained leaders.
liability for payment out of the! White said the commission will
game funds. The others create a | be non-political and that it has no
doubt as to whether the deer herds intention of sponsoring a move to
can survive. Petitions for local open bring Islighhus leans is into Selous:
seasons this year will be broad e four ‘aims of the organiza-
enough to take in every important tion were inspirited, according to
consideration, under the rulings an- the Statement, by the gasertion a
nounced. The important detail seems many judges and others in touc
to be that where petitions are neces- with delinquents that the vast bulk
sary, they be presented early in the | of crime is committed by youths
year. | oss home, moral any religious
There is no fixed number of peti- : training has been neglected.
tioners necessary. Nor need they
be land owners or licensed hunters
They need only be residents of the
county to be opened to doe hunting,
giving their addresses and vocations.
In any county or part of a county
differences of opinion are probable
and petitions to open may meet ac-
tive opposition, Both sides are en-
titled to be heard.
Those most familiar with deer, or
many of them, suggest that these
large game animals be outlawed in
thickly populated counties in = which
there ‘is little uncultivated land, or
few large areas of woodland. They
say even a small number of deer
are ‘bound ‘to be a nuisance in some
counties, -and that hunting them
with rifles is ‘not to ' be tolerated.
Other: ‘enthusiasts in’ such counties
are praying and begging for some
deer, if there are none, or for more
FIXED AT $6,000,000,000.
Here's the country’s yearly state-
ment for one of its biggest bills:
Crime $6,000,000,000.
So asserts the National Commis-
sion on Crime Prevention Through
| Moral and Religious Education, in
ia statement announcing a national
campaign to reduce crime.
The commission was appointed by
authority of the general committtee
of the Church League, an interna-
tional and inter-denominational body
of 450 men and women representing
twety-five denominations,
During the past ten years 35,000
bald eagles have been killed in the
Northwest. Spurred on by the
i bounty offered by the government,
one dollar per pair of talons, In-
dians, fishermen, hunters and boys
have combined to carry out the war
against. the birds. Not only do they
prey on salmon, small animals and
wild birds, but very young pups are
carried off by them,
“My girl and I are horticulturally
inclined. She is the peach.and ap-
ple of my eye, so we make a fine
pear.” :
“Yes, ‘but when ¥ saw ‘you out
together you acted like a couple of
nuts to me.”
' commission had before it a peti- |
i Uncle Sam, who is the head—
and also all the officers and em-
ployees—of one of the biggest busi-
‘nesses in the world, naturally has
! some big bills to pay. One of the
i biggest is the bill which Old Man
‘Mars, who deals in war, brings
around every year and after he has
left Uncle Sam finds that he has
{ handed over to this dealer in wars
nearly one-fourth of all the
money which he had laid aside to
pay all of the expenses of running
this business which operates under
the name of the United States of
For instance, last year Uncle
Sam'paid to Old Man Mars the stag-
gering sum of $828,000,000. That is
almost $100,000,000 more than the
total - cost of running the entire
federal government back in 1916.
It is more than one-half the cost
of running the entire nation of
France for one year. It is almost
equivalent to the annual cost of
maintaining the navies of the
United States, France and Japan.
Back in 1917 when it was announc-
ed that it would require $1,000,000,-
000 to run our government, there
and wondered “what we are coming
to.” Now, 13 years after that first
“billion-dollar year,” we are facing
the necessity of spending nearly that
amount paying for wars which end-
ed long before most of us were
If anyone wants a lesson against
war, let him talk to Gen.
Hines, head of the veterans’ bureau,
or to Col. Earl D. Church, United
States commissioner of pensions,
and from them learn something of
the cost in careers, lives and money
of the mere aftermath of war. Be-
ing more or less intangible, it is
difficult for us to visualize those
first two—careers and lives—but for
the third, let these figures from the
government budget for 1930 tell
their own story:
National homes of disabled
Volunteer soldiers
Grand total $828,844,100
Nor will the paying of Old Man
Mars’ bill last year be the end of
the matter. Next year it will be
the same, only larger, and the next
and the next and the next until the
estimated peak is reached in 1965.
For, even though by that time
Uncle Sam probably will be through
paying pensions for the War of
1812, and the Mexican war, he
probably will still be paying some
for the Civil war and certainly some
for the Spanish-American war. And
sions yet to be paid. We haven't
come to those yet, but it seems
certain that we will come to them.
As the number of our World war
veterans grow less, the needs of
the aging survivors and their fam-
ilies and dependents
in the future Uncle Sam will
paying out World war pensions.
in its field of blue.
war ended 83 years ago but until
September of last year Uncle Sam
was paying a monthly pension to
Owen Thomas Edgar who served in
the navy during that war. And when
he died at the age of ninety-eight
there still were 730 widows of Mexi-
can war veterans on the rolls of
the pension bureau. The Civil war
has been over 55 years but last
year pensions were being paid to
59,045 soldiers , who served in that
war, to 39 nurses and to 181,235
widows of veterans.
Other pensioners -last year were
178,804 soldiers, 414 nurses and
28,643 widows placed on the rolls
by the Spanish-American war; 5,574
soldiers and 4.000 widows by the
Indian wars; 45 soldiers and 15 wid-
ows by the World war and 14,758
soldiers and 3,699 widows by the
regular army. These, with the
pensioners previously mentioned,
made a total of 477,915 persons
who received a total of $229,890,189
from Uncle Sam. There were 13,-
279 fewer persons drawing pensions
in 1929 than in 1928 but the total
paid the last year was $924,517
greater because the level of expendi-
ture was raised by new legislation
which increased pensions to Civil
war widows more than seventy-five
years old. :
The history of pensions for veter-
ans of American wars goes back to
the earliest days of the ' republic.
On June 20, 1776, even before the
Declaration of Independence had
been adopted, the Continental Con-
gress appointed. a, committee to
“Consider what provision ought to
be made for such as are wounded
or disabled in the land or sea
service.” L in
This committee made a prompt
report, and. on; August 26, 1776, the
first national; epsion, act {in America
was. SE , e; Continental Con-
gress. That part of the law fixing
the amount was as follows: “That
every commissioned officer, non-
then there are the World war pen- |
EG ST SR Clin aims
' commissioned officer, and private
were those who shook their heads’
soldier who shall lose a limb in any
engagement, or be so disabled in
the service of the United States of
America as to render him incapable
afterwards of getting a livelihood,
shall receive, during his life or the
continuance of such disability, the
one-half of his monthly pay from
and after the time that his pay as
an officer or soldier ceases.”
After the Constitution had been
adopted and the new government
had been organized, it continued for
a time the pensions which had been
previously granted and assumed their
payment. Soon, however, a strong
demand arose for a new pension law,
and on March 23, 1792, the first
pension law passed by the new gov-
ernment went into effect.
Later there grew a demand for a
pension law not based upon disabil-
ity incurred in the service and in
his annual message to Congress on
December 2, 1817, President Mon-
roe recommended such a law. A bill
was passed by the house on Decem-
ber 24, as a sort of a Christmas
present to the veterans of the Revo-
lution, passed by the Senate imme-
diately afterwards and approved by
President Monroe on March 18, 1818.
The : loose wording of this law,
however, made frauds easy and the
grant of pensions became a public
scandal. A law passed in 1820 re-
quired all pensioners already on the
rolls and future applicants to filea
statement of property as proof of
‘their alleged dependence upon gov-
Frank '
, OWS,
ernment bounty for a livelihood. As
a result, the names of many pen-
sioners were stricken from the rolls.
In 1832 a law was passed which
granted full pay for life to all who
had served at least two years in
the Revolution and proportional pay-
ments to those who had served less
than two years but more than six
months. In 1836 there began the
enactment of a long series of pen-
sion acts in favor of the widows of
soldiers of the Revolution. restricted
at first to those who had married
before the close of the Revolution.
These grew more liberal later until
pensions were granted to all wid-
regardless of the date of
marriage. Out of these pensions,
,and similar ones for widows of
abuses of the pension system,
veterans of later wars, grew many
it became a practice for young wo-
men to marry aged veterans in or-
der to benefit by a government pen-
sion after the death of their thus-
| bands.
The pension rolls of the Revolution
had scarcely grown to their peak
‘when the United States became en-
gaged in another war—the War of
,1812—to add to its list of veterans
and dependents drawing pensions,
And the same thing was repeated
later at intervals of two decades
with the Mexican war and the Civil
Salaries and expenses............ $ 43,500,000
Printing and binding.............. 125,000
Military and naval compen-
SALION o.oo iow frasars seins gorsssisassases 191,450,000
Medical and hospital serv-
Sees 31,650,000
Adjuster service certificate
fun@ le Lane, 112,000.000
Military and naval insurance. 115,250,000
Hospital facilities and serv-
JOOR seosersnsiBinsminarriisisisiiitsresiidisise 6,000,000
U. S. government life in-
surance fund ..........cereeme 97,400,000
OLA)... corissineiin tess ns sesasngassen $222,780,000
Army and navy pensions .... $221,000,000
Salaries, pension office................ 1,225,000
Investigation pension census 105,000
Fees of examining surgeons. 105,000
WORT Li iii iin $222,780,000 |
war. The first law pensioning sol-
diers of the Civil war was a disabili-
ty pension act of July 14, 1862,
which provided for the disabled sur-
. vivors, for the widows, orphan chil-
will increase. | date from the time of disability,
And no one dares predict how far provided application were made be-
The War of 1812 has been over | the * total
115 years but during the fiscal year jumped from $32,000,000 in 1879 to
which ended June 30, 1929, the gov- ' $56,000,000 in 1880, the greatest in-
ernment paid $50 a month each 10 creasein any one year in the
gray-haired women whose hus- tory of our pension system.
bands fought under the American,
flag when it had only fifteen stars: sions for persons in dependent cir--
The Mexican :
dren and dependent members of
those who died because of wounds
received or disease contracted while
in the service of the United States
and in line of duty. Rates for
total disability ranged from $8 to
$30 a month, according to rank, and
these same rates were applied to
the widows of the soldiers. Succes-
sive laws, beginning July 4, 1864,
and culminating in the recent act
which increased the pensions of Civil
war widows more than seventy-five
years old, have increased the rates, :
setting fixed rates for various kinds '
of disability. ;
The passage of the arrears act in
1879 added greatly to the burden
of debt which Uncle Sam bears be-
cause of the wars in which he has
engaged. This act provided that all
pensions which had been granted or
might hereafter be granted should
fore January 1, 1880. The effect of
that law is shown by the fact that
sum paid for pensions
his- |
A Dill to establish service pen-
cumstances was vetoed by President
Cleveland in 1886. A similar bill
was passed June 27, 1890, providing
that all persons who had served 90
days in the war and who were suf- |
fering from any mental or physical |
disability of a permanent character
which incapacitated them from per-
forming manual labor might receive |
pensions ranging from $6 to $12 a
month, according to the degree of |
disability. Widows of soldiers who |
served 90 days who are dependent |
upon their daily labor for support
could receive $8 a month.
In addition to the pensions grant-
ed under the general laws,
many claims for pensions, some of
them rejected by the pension bu-
reau, have been passed by act of
Congress. In fact. the consideration
of pension hills forms a large part
of the activity of Congress as will
be seen by an inspection of almost
any issue of the Congressional Rec-
ord. As this article is being writ-
ten many such bills are being intro-
duced in the present session of Con-
gress, all of which will add to the
staggering total which Old Man
Mars has collected from Uncle Sam
for wars long since past.
Many people have been disappoint-
ed the past week when trying to
mail cut flowers. The post office
authorities have been instructed not
to accept anything in this line dur-
ing the period from June 15 to
October 15, on account of the Jap-
anese beetle being transported in
this manner to many places.
Wifie: That woman next door
bought a hat exactly like mine.
Hubby: And now I suppose you
won't ‘speak: ;
Wifie: Not ' after she finds
given mine to the cook.
Daily Thought.
“There are ribbons and laces
To set off the faces
Of all our young sweethearts
And wives!”
—That famous eld stanza from
Pinafore is true again this season
as never since it was written sev-
eral decades ago.
Especially you will find the rib-
bon angle of it true. You literally
do find ribbons setting off the faces
of many a girl today, either from
her hat or her collar.
Uses of ribbons this summer in-
clude all kinds of ribbon, taffeta
plaids, monotone satins, crisp taffetas
in two tones, grosgrains plain and
striped, embroidered ribbons, flower-
ribbons, ribbons narrow and wide,
even ribbons made from straw and
from chiffon.
Most hats this summer need a
ribbon. You can change your ap-
pearance by having several hatbands
for each hat.
The newest hat uses ribbons in an
individual manner. With a bandeau
under the front of the brim, to lift
the hat from off the face usea rib-
bon to cover the bandeau, perhaps
in three tonesof pink or blue. Then
across the back of your hat, pleat a
flounce of ribbon to attach from the
crown, and fall back across the
brim. It is a chic way of decorat-
ing a hat. It is unusual and pret-
ty as can be. A natural balibuntl,
trimmed this way in three tones of
pink, is most effective.
If you are a little sports girl,
plaid taffeta ribbon, in red, white
and blue, tied under the chin to
make a cute little scarf and tie and
is sewed together in strips to make
a nifty little beret. This is unlined,
can be made in a jiffy and is the
latest neck trim and head gear.
For your last year’s coat that you
must wear again, if it is a navy
blue, black or beige silk coat. try
out the scheme of livening it up
i ——
| —To prevent damage from wind
the taller growing flowers should be
staked. The stakes should be made
' as inconspicuous as possible.
| ! Eis er
| ~ —Beets, carrots, rutabages, en-
dive, kale, kohl rabi, Chinese cab-
bage, bush beans, fall lettuce, spin-
ach, and radishes still can be
planted in the honie garden. Use
the space where early vegetables
have grown and plant leafy crops
where roots grew and roots where
leafy vegetables stood.
| Early threshing helps to con-
trol the Angoumois grain moth. To
save wheat from tne insect the
grain should be threshed before
August 1 if possible and not later
than September 1.
—One pound of lead of calcium
' arsenate and nine pounds of hydrat.-
ed lime make a good dust for con-
trolling cabbage worms. If a spray
,is desired use three tablespoonfuls
ieach of lead arsenate and flour in
‘a gallon of water.
—In sprinkling the garden be sure
; that sufficient water is put on- to
reach the roots of plants. It takes
from two-thirds to 2 or 3 gallons of
water to each square foot of ground
,to soak a moderately dry soil
enough to compare with the effect
of one inch of rainfall.
—Now is the time to cull the
| “boarder” hens, Look the flock over
on the roosts and pick out the sus-
| pected loafers. The next morning
‘ these can be examined more closely
and those which show they are not
laying can be sold, say poultry
specialists of the Pennsylvania State
—Prevent in every way possible
i the carrying of infection from ma-
ture fowls and from contaminated
ground to the young chicks. Keep
| young and old stock in separate
| enclosures.
with some finely checkered or strip-, i
ed ribbon. Use narrow ribbon or; —Dahlias frequently send up
ribbon that comes in several widths shoots from their roots. These should
so you can have graduated bands of be pinched off at the ground line
it. Three bands on the sleeve and, to throw all the strength into the
two on the collar make a new thing main stalk.
and a pretty one of last year’s | tet
coat. And it is equally effective on! -—The striped cucumber beetle can
either a suit or a coat of this year’s be controlled by spraying with two
vintage. pounds of lead arsenate in 50 gal-
For your one piece white pique, |lons of bordeaux mixture. Young
pale pink, lavender or green sports plants can be protected with cones
things, there is a little ribbon made of fly-screening. Protectors
touch that makes an inexpensive made of cloth or other materials
purchase seem like an individual | are satisfactory if the screen open-
model. This is the black grosgrain ings are not larger than one-tenth
ribbon touch! Get one-inch ribbon, : inch.
baste it along the collar of your |
frock, so it stands up as a pretty| ——Apples and early peaches should
frame for your face and then make
two or three little bows of it to
run down the front of the blouse.
Colored ribbon is not so effective as
black but of course can be used.
Last but not least, do not forget
the little ensemble of ribbon that |
you can make yourself to decorate
a summer silk suit. This is the
hatband, the lapel bow and the
banding for your matching silk
purse that your own hand has
made. A striped grosgrain ribbon.
in beige and navv blue. is ideal to
go with a natural shantung suit and
balibuntl hat. The purse is easily
made when you c¢an use a gros-
grain ribbon to fasten it. A blue
button. with a button-hole through
ribbon and purse. holds it shut,
—Keep the percolator clean and
well aired. Coffee left standing will
stain the inside and may spoil the
flavor of the best brand.
—Place wooolen garments which
are to be dried indoors at some dis-
tance from the stove or radiator, as
excess heat shrinks them.
—Careless preparation of veget-
ables, especially over-cooking, is of-
ten responsible for the unappetizing
results that find their way to many
—When making a circular skirt,
let it hang from the waist band
for a day or two before finishing it
off at the bottom. This allows the
bias seams to stretch, and the skirt
will not be as likely to sag after it
is finished.
Iced tea is good—I know of noth-
ing that so intrigues a warm-weath-
er palate and that so effectively
cools the wilting human frame, un-
less perhaps it be iced coffee.
Ginger ale and grape juice mixed
are good. Orangeade is good, and so
is lemonade. And there are any
number of other drinks equally good,
and interesting by dint of being
somewhat unusual. We shall come
to them.
But first of all let’s consider the
ice cubes. Of course, plain ice cubes
are excellent. They are plain; they
are neat; and they make the bever-
age satisfyingly frigid. But they
aren’t specially exciting. Whereas
colored ice cubes possess all’ the
above-mentioned virtues plus an in-
gratiating individuality,
Any pure food coloring can be
used to color ice cubes. The color-
ing should be added to the water
before it is poured into the trays.
Care should be taken in adding the
coloring not to get too muchin, asa
delicate color is the more attractive.
Candied or minted fruits are very
appropriate for garnishing ice cubes.
They can be frozen in plain cubes
or with their respective colors. Two
or three can be added to each cube.
When fruits are to be frozen in
the cubes, the tray should be about
one third filled with water, then
partly frozen before the fruit is
added. Add the fruit, then finish
filling the tray with water and al-
low to finish freezing.
This prevents the fruit from set-
tling to the bottom of the cubes.
Mint leaves are attractive additions
to ice cubes, too.
Lemon, orange, or lime juices are
excellent flavorings—or. ginger ale
may be frozen and added to the
beverage, with the most delightful
| be thinned to six to eight inches
apart, say State College fruit spe-
cialists. Late peaches can be spac-
ed three or four inches apart. Bet.
‘ter color, larger size, and fewer in-
| jured pastures and meadows can be
removed by digging with a hoe or
spud. Severe infestations require
plowing and the use of cultivated
crops for two seasons.
—If old, withered blossoms are
removed the flowering period of
ornamentals ‘will be prolonged.
—Turkey eggs should be kept in
uniform temperature, not above 60
degrees, though successful breeders
bring them into a warm room for
revitalizing if held for hatching in
cold weather. The longer a fertile
turkey egg is held, the poorer its
chance, after the first few days,
of hatching. The date when it is
due to hatch should be marked on
the egg when set, If dale of gath-
ering is also marked, the breeder
will be interested in noting the ef-
fects of difference in age on vitality.
It would take more eggs than the
average breeder sets, however to
prove anything absolutely—too many
reasons enter into the hatchability
of eggs and the livability of poults
to say this is or 1s not true after
one or two experiments.
{ —A good laying mash for ducks
would be equal parts by weight of
yellow corn meal, standard wheat
middlings, wheat bran, ground oats
to which you should add by weight
15 per cent of meat and bone meal,
2 per cent powdered charcoal, one-
half of 1 per cent fine table salt
and 1 per cent of fine sharp sand.
they might have a little cracked
corn once a day. This is on the as-
sumption that the ducks are run on
a grass plot and getting all the
green food they want.
—Crude petroleum is considered
the best treatment for scaly leg. A
. mixture of equal parts of lard and
kerosene is a good treatment, mak-
ing use of readily available pro-
ducts. The hens are treated by
putting the legs in a can containing
the treating material and holding
them there for upwards of a minute.
Care should be used in order to get
as little as possible of the material
above the feather edge. It will
blister the skin. This will irritate
the fowl.
—The hatching of duck and goose
eggs can be successfully carried out
with the incubator if the tray is
made high enough to accomodate
. goose eggs. Also there is another
i point which must be carefully watch-
ed. : These eggs require much more
, moisture than hen eggs do. Ducks
| fate 28 days, geese 28 to 29 days
and turkeys 27 to 29 days for incu-
| bation. The temperatures are practic-
| ally the same as those required for
hatching ordinary hen eggs,
—Ordinarily goslings will not and
: should not be hatched before the
| grass and clovers willbe of sufficient
| size to provide them with good
| grazing. In growing goslings it
; must be remembered ‘that grass is
i the principal constituent of the ra-
' tion and that grain should be fed
only as an accessory feed. The
grain should not be fed before the
| second day and then in the form
{ of a crumbly moist - mash. It should
ibe fed in very small amounts and
, three or four times per day.
This should be fed twice a day and