Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., February 22, 1929.
bo ee SE ——— S— Ra——
BDISON HAS SECRET
OF RUBBER SUPPLY.
Now Seeks Means of Extraction to
Crown Career; Celebrated 82nd
Birthday Last Week.
On the occasion of the celebratio
of the 82nd anniversary of his birth,
on Monday February 11, Thomas A.
Edison made public some of his plans
and hopes for developing a supply of
raw rubber for the United States. For
years he has been experimenting on
his estate at Ft. Myers, Florida, en-
deavoring to develop rubber plants
that will grow and produce profit-
ably in the southern States of this
country. Should the experiments fi-
nally work out it would make this
country independent of the foreign
supply and be especially advantage-
ous in times of war when prices of
raw rubber go up, and even then the
commodity might not be procurable.
He is seeking to perfect some
means of extracting “latex,” a rubber
producing fluid, from various plants
of ordinary weeds at a cost that will
not exceed what is described here as
“5 cent labor.’
This information comes from per-
sons who assert they are cognizant
of Mr. Edison’s partial success in
seeking to put an end to foreign rub-
ber control and the price-fixing ac-
tivities of English monopolists.
These informants assert that de-
spite the fact that Mr. Edison has
found abundant sources of “latex” in
various forms of vegetation, particu-
larly in what we have for generations
regarded as utterly useless weeds, he
js extending his researches. Here in
Florida he has a ten-acre tract of
land producing some 20,000 “weeds,”
as the natives describe them, and
many hours of his time are given to
experimentation with each species of
He has surrounded himself with a
staff of technical experts—chemists,
botanists and other scientists—who
assist him in making from twenty to
forty chemical tests a day. In addi-
tion to the force of scientists here,
two field crews are conducting a na-
tion wide survey for “latex” produc-
Mr. Edison said:
“First, we are going to definitely
select the best plants for our type of
rubber production and then we will
plant them in large quantities and
spend some time breeding them up to
the most efficient stage possible. We
will teach them to work overtime,
night and day, to supply America
with an emergency rubber crop.”
«I have found more than 1200
plants which will produce a percent-
age of rubber latex, and about forty
varieties tested to date are available
for cultivation on a large scale.
“Henry Ford has given me the use
of 32,000 acres of land near Savan-
nah, Ga., and we are going to turn it
into a vast rubber plantation and
then get into actual production.”
OMITS BIRTHDAY INTERVIEW,
It is usual for Mr. Edison on his’
birthday to make a sort of report to
the Nation and to the world ‘of the
progress. of his efforts. There was a
time, when he met reporters infor-
mally, chatted with them freely and
permitted himself to be interrogated.
But the crowding years have made
such interviews impossible. Deafness
forces the submission of written
questions and press of work requires
that such questions be submitted in
PRODUCTION HIS PROBLEM.
In explaining his work on rubber,
Mr. Edison said his object is to pro-
duce it so speedily that this Nation
can supply its own needs at a cost
that will not exceed cheap foreign
labor. It undoubtedly would be pos-
sible for the United States to pro-
duce rubber as it is produced in South
America and Malay Islands, but this
would require cultivation over a long
series of years. Speedy production
is Mr. Edison’s object.
To that end he told correspondents
about forty of the more than 1200
rubber-producing plants he had found
will be cultivated on a large scale.
He has given. no.thought to. the
chemical development of synthetic
rubber, because, as he said, “it has no
future when rubber is selling at 23
cents per pound.”
Mr. Edison is’ 82 years old, but in
his search for the means of freeing
this Nation from the monopolistic
control of a primary necessity he is
ving twelve to fourteen hours of
each of his declining days to inces-
When those hours of labor in the
laboratory are finished he goes to his
study to read—to search for new
light in sciences in general and to
seek the solution of the problem
which he hopes will crown his career.
Penn State 70 Years Ago.
Seventy years ago, on February 16,
the first student class entered the
Pennsylvania State College and was
enrolled in what is said to be the
first scientific agricultural course
offered in the United States. There
were sixty nine students from 38
counties in the class which drove 25
miles to the college on the opening
day from Spruce Creek. Old Main,
the first college building to be erected
on the two hundred acre plot which
was then the campus, was only par-
tially finished when the first class en-
A rough board shanty served as
the dining-room and kitchen while
the dormitories, laboratories, class-
rooms and executive offices were all
housed in the Main building. Some
of the first class room work was
farming. Each student was required
to do three hours of work on the
farm and nine hours of class work.
The produce which the students rais-
ed was sold and the money received
helped to defray the expenses of the
‘great. deal. of action.
IN REVOLUTIONARY WAR.
The Fisherman Who Helped Wash-
ington Execute a Great Retreat
and Win a Great Victory.
On two very important occasions
when failure to do his part would
have meant defeat and perhaps dis-
aster to the cause of American inde-
pendence, John Glover, a Massachu-
setts cobbler and fisherman, rendered
valuable assistance to George Wash-
ington, when the distressed com-
mander of the American forces need-
ed it most.
Glover, with a regiment composed
largely of fishermen and therefore
called the “amphibious regiment,”
had charge of transporting the Amer-
ican army from Long Island across
the East river on the night of August
29, 1776, after its defeat by the Brit-
ish under Sir William Howe. He and
his regiment, which was regarded as
one of the best in the army, also ef-
fected the crossing of the Delaware
river on the night of December 25,
1776—that historic occasion when
Washington made one of his bold
strokes and won a heartening victory.
On both these occasions there were
tremendous difficulties to be over-
come, and it might be said the suc-
cess of the American cause hung in
Washington had a force of about
10,000 men on Long Island. The
British under Howe numbered over
20,000 and had surprised, defeated
and captured the Amercian General
Sullivan and part of his forces includ-
ing a number of American officers of
various ranks. As there was an Eng-
lish fleet near at hand, Washington
decided not to defend Brooklyn
Heights and determined upon the
bold enterprise of transporting his
army to Manhattan Island. This
great feat was accomplished, as
Woodrow Wilson says in his History
of The American People, “while 2a
single night held.” From early even-
ing until daybreak the work of trans-
‘porting men and stores went on, fog
helping to cover the American re-
The East River, which had to be
crossed in small craft, is really not a
river at all, but a salt water strait,
about three quarters of a mile wide
with a swift current. To negotiate
it in a rowboat is no easy task under
the most favorable circumstances; to
noiselessly transport a large army,
with its artillery and ‘stores, its
wounded and prisoners across this
water without arousing the British
was a magnificent achievement.
We all have seen the picture of the
floating ice in the Delaware when
Washington made his unexpected
Christmas call on the British and
Hessians. History records also that
a snow storm was raging. About 2,-
500 men and six field pieces, were
taken across the ice-filled river in
the dead of night by John Glover and
his men, and Washington, the bold
commander, who conceived the dar-
ing plan, was enabled to electrify
the patriots of America with a great
victory when it was needed most.
Glover, with his regiment, which he
was instrumental ‘in raising, joined
the army at Cambridge, and saw 2
He was with
Washington at Valley Forge, Febru-
ary: 21, 1776, he was appointed a brig-:
adier (general. -* He took ‘part ‘in’ the
campaign against Burgoyne and con-
ducted the English prisoners to Bos-
ton. He also was a member of the
court of inquiry which considered the
case ofyMajor Andre.
Although a small man, Glover was
a man of action who could be depend-
ed on in an emergency. Glover was a
member of the Massachusetts con-
vention that ratified the Federal con-
stitution. It is said that after the
stirring days of the war he resumed
the trade of cobbler. Glover was born
in Salem, Mass., November 5, 1732,
and died at Marblehead, Mass., Janu-
ary 30, 1797. There is a statue of
Glover in Boston.
eee reese fp ferret.
LEWISTOWN’S FAST TEAM
DEFEATS BELLEFONTE AGAIN
Lewistown High School’s fast bask-
et ball team came over the moun-
tains Friday night and beat Belle-
fonte Hi by a good lead. Several
hundred people from Lewistown
witnessed the game. About an equal
number of : Bellefonte « people’ were
The game started at 8 o'clock and
Lewistown got in the lead and stayed
In the first few seconds of
play Lewistown had a field goal to
Lewistown was greatly helped by
their star, Clelan, who plays center.
He was taller than Montgomery and
was able to get every tip off; this
gave the ball to Lewistown many
times and Bellefonte seldom was able
to get possession of the ball.
Thal and Whippo played well as
forwards and did some neat dribbling
and passing but were unable to find
the basket. Norb and Sam played
fine at guarding Bellefontes’ goal but
‘were unable to prevent Lewistown'’s
forward from making long shots,
which proved accurate.
Jack was playing fine at center but
was greatly handicapped by the su-
perior height of Clelan. Lewistown’s
captain and star center. The substi-
tues, Kelleher, Shope, Taylor, Brick-
er, and Witmer also played well at
Lewistown took the lead in the first
few seconds of the game and held it
throughout the game. Bellefonte
rallied in the last quarter but due to
elimination of several of the Red and
White regulars on fouls was greatly
handicapped. The game ended, the
score stood 39-18 in favor of Lewis-
Bellefonte’s defeat meant the
ninth straight victory for Lewis-
town as she lost no games this year.
Confer R. Forward Reynolds
Thal L. Forward Riley
Whippo Center Clelan
Derstine R. Guard Hanice
Montgomery L. Guard Goddard
Substitutes— Bellefonte, Kelleher,
Shope, Bricker, Taylor.
FOR AND ABOUT WOMEN.
Upon a wild and lonely coast
A lighthouse sent afar
To mariners its friendly beam,
And o'er it blazed a star.
The lighthouse fell into the sea,
But still supremely bright
The steadfast star remained to guide
The sailors in the night.
So names of lesser glory burn
O’er Time's resistless tides,
Then topple and are swept away,
But Washington's abides.
It shines above a stormy world
Immutable as Fate,
The bright immortal star by which
We steer the ship of state.
My Dearest Madge:
We are all exciement here over
the Colonial Party for the 22d. Do
you remember the letter that General
Greene wrote about the sedate and
staid General Washington? “We had
a little dance at my quarters last
night,” he wrote. “His excellency
and Mrs. Greene danced upwards of
three hours without once sitting
down. Upon the whole, we had a pret-
ty little frisk.” It was the custom in
colonial days to dance all evening
with your partner, but these are not
colonial times and we expect so many
people to dance with on that night
that no one will know who the part-
ner of the moment is.
I wish you could come. The cos-
tumes will be gorgeous and they are
so becoming. Last year one girl wore
the most charming gown of yellow
satin with long sweeping lines in the
back and with this she wore a picture
hat of black, trimmed with ostrich
plumes and tied under her chin with
a pale violet ribbon. Her sleeves and
the front of the gown were trimmed
with old duchess lace, while her hair
was powdered. Of course, the dress
was not purely colonial, yet it was
Another girl in green wore the red-
ingote and vest, while a sort of pan-
cake hat was fastened on with green
ribbens. On her hands she wore
black mitts and carried a long cane
quite a la Tosca.
Janice Meredith with snowy locks
wore a pale green gown with a pale-
tot which fell open in front at skirt
and waist, showing waterfalls of ecru
lace and mellow old bracade.
Most of the men adopted the revo-
lutionary style of costume, quite ap-
propriate for his excellency’s birth-
day, black coats, colored vests, lace
stocks, ruffled shirts and tricorne
hats. You would have been surpris-
ed to see how this style became our
modern beaux. The queue and pow-
dered hair took some of that hard-
headed, practical look from their
business-like countenances, while the
lace at their throats added an air of
I went as the Widow Nice, that
famous hostess who, when her Bri-
tish guests complained of the quality
of the butter on her table, offered to
ride to a neighboring farm and pro-
cure some more to their taste if they
would lend her a horse. They eagerly
granted her request and the lady rode
away not to return. My bonnet was
a circle of white linen gathered in
to fit the head with a band of black
velvet, and the same adorned my
neck. A chemisette of linen and over
that a paletot of heavy. violet silk. A
shortish “skirt ‘worn’ ‘with buckled
shoes and black silk mitts completed
my party costume.
Even these few days in advance we
are all adopting Washingtonian ex-
pressions and quoting the witty re-
marks of our great-grandmothers.
To decorate individual cakes the
simplest plan is to bake your favorite
cake in a large sheet or loaf, then with
a fancy cutter cut in hearts or any
of the other fancy cutters that can be
bought so inexpensively. Cut smaller
cakes from the large sheet. In order
to frost the cake without getting the
frosting filled with crumbs, coat the
outside or the cut edge of the smaller
piece with a glaze made by beating
an egg white until it is stiff and put-
ting a small quantity, not over two
tablespoons, of sugar into the egg
white. Brush the cut edge of the
cake with this glaze and allow it to
stand until it is dry. It will take
about an hour. After that the cakes
are ready to be coated with any kind
of frosting that you may choose to
A fondant which is melted care-
fully in-a double boiler may be used
very well for these smaller individual
cakes. However, a butter frosting
may be desired, in which case the
cakes are easier to frost. Fondant is
quite apt, in the melting and harden-
ing, again to become granular or
hardened before the decorations may
be put on. A pastry table may be used
to make a small decoration, whether
Me be flower or heart, or other fancy
Anything appropriate to the occa-
sion for which you are using it can be
put on the small cake. I have found
that the colored gum drops are most
effective when cut into strips and ar-
ranged as flowers or other figures on
the small cake. The coloring of
the gum drops is always delicious
and makes a most attractive cake
very easily. If you should care to
have cake in hatchet shapes that are
partic alarly appropriate for Washing-
ton’s birthday, cut a pattern of a hat-
chet from stiff cardboard, then lay
this on the sheet of cake and with a
sharp ' knife cut around the edge. If
you wish to frost these hatchets, it
will be necessary to glaze them in
the same way, that I suggested be-
fore, with the egg whites and sugar,
then frost them with any sort of
frosting that you choose.
Candied cherries are particularly
appropriate for the small cake dec-
orations for Washington’s birthday
and a green gum drop will give you
the right color for the branch or for
the leaves. The branch, however, can
be made from melted chocolate.
Cabbage is a winter vegetable de-
serving of a wide use in planning
well balanced meals. Science has
proved that this once so plebian vege-
W.R. Shope Lumber Co.
Lumber, Sash, Doors, Millwork and Roofing
Call Bellefonte 432
YOUR INCOME TAX
IN A NUTSHELL.
_ Who? Single persons who had net
income of $1,500 or more or gross in-
come of $5,000 or more and married
couples who had net income of $3,500
or more or gross income of $5,000 or
more file returns.
When? The filing period
March 15, 1929.
Where? Collector of internal rev-
enue for the district in which the
person lives or has his principal place
1040A and 1040.
What? One and one-half per cent
normal tax on the first $4,000 in ex-
cess of the personal exemption and
credits. Three per cent normal tax
on the next $4,000. Five per cent
normal tax on the balance of net in-
come. Surtax on net income in ex-
cess of $100,000.
Forms for filing returns of in-
dividual incomes have been sent to
taxpayers by collectors of internal
revenue. Failure to receive a form,
however, does not relieve the tax-
payer of his obligation to file a re-
turn and pay the tax within the peri-
od prescribed—on or before March:
15, 1929, if the return is filed on a
calendar year basis. i
Persons whose net income for 1928 |
was derived chiefly from salary or
wages and was not in excess of $5,000
should make their income-tax re-
turns on Form 1040A.
Persons whose net income was de-
rived from a profession or business,
including farming, or from the sale
of property or rent, although the
amount was less than $5,000 are re-
quired to use the larger Form 1040.
The use of Form 1040 is required al-
so in the case where the net income
was in excess of $5,000, regardless of
whether from salary, business, pro-
fession, or other taxable sourecs. }
It is as impossible for a man to be
cheated by anyone but himself, as
for a thing to be and not be at the
table contains all of the essential vit-'
amins, is an excellent source of min- |
erals, supplies roughage and is evén
more wholesome raw than when’
cooked. It can be used in the mak- |
ing of many salads, but it should al-'
ways be finely shredded when used in
this way. |
VOLCANOES IN PENNSYLVANIA. |
Evidence of at least six volcanic |
eruptions which covered central |
Pennsylvania with fine dust deposits |
has recently been discovered in the !
limestone formations of the Nittany
Valley by Professor C. A. Bonine, !
head of the department of geology
and mineralogy of the Pennsylvania
The material is a very fine grained
clay formed by the alternation of the
dust-like particles of volcan’c ash |
as they fell into the inland sea which |
covered the region millions of years |
ago during the geological period”
when the limestones were
formed. The volcanic vents from
which the ash was blown have not |
been discovered but Professor Bonine |
believes that they are probably locat- |
ed further south in Kentucky or Vir- |
ginia where beds of similar material |
of the same geologic age several feet |
thick have been found.
A remarkable Himalayan tribe, the
members of which have not been sick
for nine years, is reported by a Brit- |
ish medical officer. Their diet con- |
sists of grains, vegetables, fruits,
fowls, and eggs. |
New Way to Test Spark Plugs.
The screwdriver test to determine
whether a spark plug is functioning
seems to be passing out. The reason,
of course, is the simpler connection
now generally used. It's easy to slip |
off the connection, hold it about an
eighth of an inch from the plug, and
see whether the spark jumps the gap.
It is one of those simpler methods
that the modern car owner should
know and employ.
SLEEP ALL NIGHT NOW
A. C. Smith, 41 W. Broad, Bethlehem.
Says, “I will tell or write how I
was relieved of getting up nights
with Lithiated Buchu (Keller Form-
ula). Now I get up refreshed and
feeling fine.” It acts on bladder as
epsom salts do on bowels. Drives out
foreign deposits and lessens excessive
acidity. This relieves the irritation
that causes getting up nights. The
tablets cost 2 cents each at all drug
stores, Keller Laboratory, Mechan-
iesburg, Ohio or locally at C. M. Par-
Baney’s Shoe Store
WILBUR H. BANEY, Proprietor
30 years in the Business
BUSH ARCADE BLOCK
Ween you have an hour’s
shopping to do and only
ten minutes to do it . . .
and Save Time?
WHO IS YOUR BUTCHER?
Your guests will want to ask this
question when they have once
tasted our delicious lamb; and
you may be sure that steaks,
veal, roasts, and other items
from our establishment are just
as good and tender.
Market on the Diamond
P. L. Beezer Estate.....Meat Market
being | em
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Practices im
all courts. Office, room 18 Crider’s
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Prompt at-
tention given all legal business em=
trusteed to hiis care. Offices—No. 5, Hast
KEICHLINE. — Attorney-at-Law
and Justice of the Peace. All pre=-
fessional business will receive
prompt attention. Offices on second flee
of Temple Court. 49-5-1y
G. RUNKLE.—Attorney-at-Law, Com-
sultation in English and German.
Office in Crider’s Exchange, Belle-
fonte, Pa. 58-8
R. R. L. CAPERS.
Bellefonte State College
Crider’'s Ex. 66-11 Holmes Bldg.
S. GLENN, M. D., Physician and
Surgeon, State College, Centre
Office at his residence.
D. CASEBEER, Optometrist.—Regis-
tered and licensed by the State.
Eyes examined, glasses fitted. Sat-
isfaction guaranteed. Frames replaced
and leases matched. Casebeer Bldg. Higk
St., Bellefonte, Pa.
VA B. ROAN, Optometrist, Licensed by
the State Board. State College,
every day except Saturday,
Bellefonte, in the Garbrick building op-
posite the Court House, Wednesday after-
noons from 2 to 8 p. m. and Saturdays 3
, 8. m. to 430 p. m. Bell Phone
We have taken on the line of
We also carry the line of
We have purchased several car loads
of Chick Feeds for this spring deliv-
ery. We can make you the right
price on same.
Wayne Dairy, 329% - $3.00 per H.
Wayne Dairy, 249; - 2.70 per H.
Wayne Egg Mash - 3.25 per
Wayne Calf Meal - 4.25 per H.
Wayne All mash starter 4.00 per H.
Wayne All mash grower 3.60 per H.
Purina Dairy, 349% - 3.10 per H.
Purina Dairy, 24% - - 2.80perH.
Wagner's Dairy, 229, - 2.50 per H.
Wagner's egg mash - 2.80per H.
Wagner’s Pig Meal - 290 perH.
Wagner's Dairy Mixture
of cotton seed meal,
oil meal, gluten and
bran, 309% - - 2.80 per HL.
0il Meal, 349% - - 8.30perH.
Flax Meal, 169, - - - 240perH.
Cotton seed meal - 3.00 per H.
Fine ground Alfalfa - 2.25 per H.
Meat meal, 459 - 4.00 per H.
Tankage, 680% - = 4.25 per H.
Oyster Shell - - 1.20 per H.
Stock Salt - - 1.20 per H.
We carry at all times Scratch feeds,
mixed and pure corn chop, bran, mid-
dlings of the best quality at the right
We can make you up any kind of
a dairy mixture with your corn and
oats chop, at a much better price
than commercial feeds will cost you.
We will deliver all feeds for $2.00
per ton extra.
If You Want Good Bread or Pastry
“GOLD COIN” FLOUR
C.Y. Wagner &Co. in
86-11-1yr. BELLEFONTE, PA.
Caldwell & Son
By Hot Water
Full Line of Pipe and Fit-
tings and Mill Supplies
All Sizes of Terra Cotta
Pipe and Fittings
Cheerfully sna Promptly Furnished