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Bellefonte, Pa., February 15, 1929.
HAS THE PENNSYLVANIA DEER
HERD REACHED ITS LIMIT?
Has the Pennsylvania deer herd
reached its limit?
Is nature now sending its two grim
and ruthless destroyers, starvation
and weakened breeding, into the for-
ests to reduce the number of ani-
These two questions are being ask-
ed by well-informed sportsmen who
have commented upon the scarcity of
fawns during the hunting season.
With a known and verified record
of more than 800 dead deer found in
the spring season, and the most of
these victims of starvation, it is be-
ing driven home that some drastic
measures are required to meet a
erisis that, if not already here, is
close at hand.
John B. Burnham, of the Ameri-
can Game Protective Association, has
just predicted that the Pennsylvania
deer, by destroying natural browse
faster than it will grow, will soon
decrease in numbers.
He says that the whole deer prob-
lem is one that depends upon the
same principle that farmers use in
livestock raising. Other experts now
point out that if 800 deer in Pennsyl-
vania have starved to death, the fawns
that are born of weakened does, suff-
ering from lack of nutrition, must of
necessity be frail creatures and un-
able to meet the battle of life.
The real deer hunters, men who
know wild life, have not allowed
themselves to be deceived by the
fact that the doe deer, shot early in
December, were plump and fat. Au-
tumn, particularly one with such an
abundance of food as the past, is not
the time to study the feeding ques-
It is in March when, following the
cold and snows of winter, the spectre
of starvation arises.
There are localities in Pennsyl-
vania where the forest floor is clean-
ed off and where the browse is eat-
en to a height of six feet, the dis-
tance a deer can reach by standing
on its hind legs. Deep snow not
only covers the ground growth but
prevents deer from traveling long
These animals that are more hardy
can endure and come through a hard
winter. The weak ones and the fawns
gnaw at the bark of trees and final-
Pennsylvania hunters killed about
25,000 doe deer during the past sea-
son. How many deer nature will de-
stroy next spring and in subsequent
years until she hits the balance that
‘she demands no person can say. And
the deer that nature will kill will not
be by the merciful bullet but by
hunger and disease and suffering.
The venison will not supply fine meat
for families but will become the food
of the wildcats and the foxes and the
crows and the worms.
There are many sections of Penn-
sylvania where the food problem is
not serious; there is, however, no re-
gion where it will not Become vital
in time and there is no deer county:
in the State = where there: is not a
heavy excess of female deer over
Following a wave of unreasonable
and unstudied protest in several lo-
calities, there has come a reaction
and the wisdom of the game com-
mission in seeking, through the hunt-
ers themselves, a reduction of the ex-
cess doe deer is almost unanimously
The protest came as a surprise for
the reason that during a period of
‘three years a majority of the deer
‘hunters had urged the game commis-
sion to reverse the season and pro-
tect the bucks while killing off the
does. And then when the game com-
mission did the thing that they had
been petitioned to do, a vociferous
‘minority got up on top of the ridges
and howled to the world that the
crime of the universe was being per-
petrated; that all of the doe deer in
the State would be exterminated and
that the slaughter would appall hu-
Well, about 25,000 doe deer were
killed, less than half that many Sup-
posed. There were only 80,000 ‘spec-
ial licenses issued and the number of
men in the field was small. There
are, maybe, 600,000 doe deer still left
and if there is a hard winter and
plenty of deep snow, kindly, gentle
mother nature will step in and she
will in her compassionate fashion kill
off many hundreds of deer by the
The men who know most about
deer are the chaps who live in the
woods or the farmers who own lands
adjoining the forests inhabited by the
animals. They know that deer live
on browse; succulent twigs and
branches and buds; on acorns, beech
and other nuts; on the green stuff
that the farmer raises such as cab-
bage, turnips, apples, and so forth.
They simply laugh when anybody
suggests that the deer ‘should eat
grass. But a field of winter wheat
is a different thing and the farmers
know that also.
That's why the State pays half of
the cost of a deer-proof fence.
The farmers have been insisting for
years that the deer herd must be
kept down. They have said that with
the number of does reduced the deer
would be stronger and the damage to
crops lessened. They have stood hy
the game commission in the recent
As reflecting the changed senti-
ment that now sustains the commis-
sion and the farmers as well as the
best informed sportsmen of the State,
a recent editorial in the Brookville
Republican is interesting. Among
other things it says:
“Jf the game commission has not
adequate legal authority to enforce
jts rulings, then the Legislature
should enact such laws as will give
that authority clearly beyond the
reach of meddling busy-bodies whose
fears run away with their judgment.
Failing this there will be no protec-
tion for the game and no known sys-
tem for control based on known bio-
«1t is doubtful if there are any
large number of sportsmen who have
thorough knowledge of feeding con-
ditions in season and out of season,
and certainly a considerably smaller
group has any accurate knowledge of
the fundamental biological laws gov-
erning breeding; laws which pertain
to the entire animal kingdom in some
“The game commission had these
facts and they had a condition to
contend with which could not be ne-
glected. They are entitled to a fair
trial of their plan.”
Cities In 1929 Race To
American cities will set a new rec-
ord in 1929 in airport development
spending twice as much for aviation
fields as in any previous year, accord-
ing to a survey made by Harold Cra-
ry of the American Air Transport
There are at present 352 munici-
pal airports in the United States with
a total of 190 additional now under
construction or proposed. At the
election, November 6, 1928, various
cities voted a total of $8,500,000 for
Chief among airport activities re-
ported to Crary is that of develop-
ment in Detroit, where a $5,000,000
bond issue for a municipal field has
been voted. The new ‘Detroit field
will be three and one-half miles from
the city’s civic center and is closer
to the center of population than Ber-
lin’s world-famed Templehof, which
is regarded as one of the finest ports
in the world.
The longest runway on the new
Detroit field will be 7400 feet and
the shortest about 440 feet. The area
of the field is 447 acres.
Indianapolis, Crary reported, will
erect an airport on a 100-acre tract
seven miles west of the city.
St. Louis has started improvement
of its 600-acre airdrome. The city
has voted $2,000,000 in improvement
bonds for the work.
An immense hangar is to be con-
structed by private interests in Cleve-
Designs for the new ship fields and
buildings include many improve-
ments, Crary said. Administration
buildings, air weather observatories
and bureaus, fire-proof hangars and
paved runways are a few of the new
features which will be seen in air-
112 Schools of Pennsylvania Offer
There are approximately 112 school
districts maintaining continuation
schools in Pennsylvania, according to
statistics compiled by the department
of public instruction. Ninety-seven
of these schools are located in the
eastern one-third of the State and
only 15 are in the western two-thirds
of Pennsylvania. The amount of juve-
nile employment available very large-
ly determines the location and num-
ber of schools organized.
During any one week there are
approximately 25,000 boys and girls
between, the ages of 14 and 16 who
are employed .and attend school for
eight hours a week. Last year there
were 45,000 boys and girls who came
in contact with this type of school
throughout the State.
The average wage earned by these
minors is $8.56 a week. For the en-
tire group of students attending the
continuation schools in Pennsylvania
the wages earned amounts to more
than $11,000,000 a year.
In some cases this school helps the
young folks in their present employ-
ment, while in other cases it is de-
signed to help them to prepare for
the position just ahead. There was
a time, officials said, when this school
was considered a continuation of ele-
mentary school. Today it is consider-
ed the beginning of adults education.
Where this school problem is ap-
proached from this new angle, the
schools are successful, the depart-
ment’s records show.
New German Engine Will Burn Pul-
A new internal-combustion engine
has been developed in Germany which
operates upon pulverized coal and oil.
It has been also run satisfactorily on
fuels made of dust of peat, rice husks
and meal. The motor can be switch-
ed from coal to oil without stopping
operation. For coal operation the
pulverized dust is drawn into a cham-
ber adjacent to the firing cylinder,
compressed by air and then forced in-
to the explosion chamber. The engine
starts without other fuel than its
Question of Age Goes Out of Date.
Women voters—and for that mat-
ter men too—who are a bit reticent
about giving their ages when regis-
tering to vote need have no further
worries if the bill sponsored by Fra-
zier of Philadelphia, is approved.
The Frazier measure is in the form
of a proposed amendment to the act
of 1919 which defines qualifications
and the manner for registration of
voters. Under it a statement that a
voter is “21 years of age or upward”
would be sufficient.
The bill is now before the Senate
Low Licenses Will Lose Charm—
Low automobile license numbers
will lose much of their charm under
the plans which will be used in 1930.
Twenty letters of the alphabet will
be used to denote thousand series and
the highest number issued will be
Department officials estimate that
the new plan, which will permit re-
duction in the size of the plates, will
result in annual savings of at least
— Subscribe for the Watchman.
MUST AID AGENTS
OR LOSE DAMAGES.
No person who violates or inter-
feres in any way with the enforce-
ment of the Pensylvania Dog Law
can recover damages caused by dogs
to his or her livestock or poultry, ac-
cording to a recent opinion of far-
reaching significance given by the
Department of Agriculture.
After explaining that the “owner”
of a dog is a person who harbors a
dog, has it in his care or permits 1t
to remain on or about any premises
occupied by him, the opinion points
that any person who keeps an unli-
censed dog, permits a dog to run at
large, or does not have his dog prop-
erly tagged, is violating the law and
cannot recover damages when his
live stock or poultry is killed or in-
jured by dogs.
It was stated further that if the
person making the damage claim,
withholds or suppresses testimony to
obstruct the dog law enforcement
agents in their efforts to locate the
dog responsible for the damage, he
will be deprived of his right to recov-
The spirit, purpose and intent of the
law is that the person making the
claim for damages shall assist, not
obstruct, the agent in finding the dog
doing the damage, the opinion said.
The opinion also makes clear that
when the person who presents a claim
for damages, knows the owner of the
dog but tells the appraisers and
agent that the owner is unknown, and
it can subsequently be proven that he
does know, then he should be indicted
and convicted of prejury.
The secretary of agriculture is also
advised that when a person making a
claim for damages refuses to permit
members of his family to testify
when called as witnesses, the claim
should be denied.
In line with this opinion, the
bureau of animal industry will make
careful investigations in all cases
where the faintest shadow of suspi-
cion exists of collusion of or of want
to openness and fairness in giving
information regarding damage caus-
ed by dogs.
“The time is definitely past when
any person in Pennsylvania can vio-
late or interfere with the full en-
forcement of the dog law and yet re-
cover damages caused by, dogs to his
or her property,” bureau officials
said. “Those who expect to recover
compensation for such losses should
be in the front ranks of the dog law
ene I RE
Cancer Research Center To be Set Up
Establishment of a cancer research
center in Chicago with a view to per-
fecting a national organization for
the study of the disease, has been de-
cided on by Dr. Charles Mayo, of
Rochester, Minn., Dr. Herman OX.
Bundesen, Cook county coroner, and
Anton J. Cermak, president of the
Dr. Mayo will head the board,
which will take over a section of the
county hospital. Other members will
include professors in medicine from
the University of Chicago, North-4
western University, University of Ill-
inois and Lovola University.
Cermak announces that the same
board plans to create a national or-
ganization “in order to co-ordinate
the resources of the many surgeons
who have made extensive research in-
to the problem of fighting cancer, but
who have never had a medium
through which to give the benefits of
their work to the world.”
The need of a concerted fight on
cancer was pointed out by Dr. Mayo,
who said 38,000 persons died of can-
cer in this country last year. The
number of deaths has grown, he said.
from eighty-three in every 100,000
several years ago to 127 in every
100,000 in recent years.
ESTIMATE 420,000 NEGROES
Figures compiled today by the
State Health Department's bureau of
vital statistics show that the colored
population in Pennsylvania at the
present time is between 420,000 and
440,000. While the exact figures will
not be available until the 1930 Fed-
eral census has been completed the
bureau bases its approximation on
‘the normal increase between the
years 1920 and 1929, and in addition,
to the heavy northward migration of
Negroes into Pennsylvania, which has
been one of the unforeseen results of
the Federal immigration restriction
There also has been an unusual in-
crease in the registration of colored
births and deaths. There were 9436
Negro births registered in 1927, as
compared to 6478 in 1920 and 4349 in
1915. Similarly there were 7589
Negro deaths in 1927, as compared
with 6102 in 1920 and 4688 in 1915.
State College Sets Enrollment Figure.
A maximum enrollment of 1170
freshman students has been set for
college year 1929-1930 at the Penn-
sylvania State College by college offi-
cers. The figure, which is equal to
that for the present year, is based on
present limitations of the college
plant and faculty. One thousand of
the number will be limited to men
applicants and 170 to women appli-
Special consideration wil be given
to Pensnylvania boys and girls
graduated from the high school or
preparatory school in the upper two-
fifths of the class. Applicants for
these two groups will be admitted
subject to the quota during the
month of July as rapidly as their ap-
plications are received, provided that
the entrance requirements to the cur-
riculum in which they desire to be en-
rolled are met in full.
—Many cities in Florida have put a
ban on solid rubber tires. It is said
that this rule was made effective as
solid rubber tires caused ruts in roads
during wet weather. Few streets or
highways in that State are construct-
ed with rock or concreted base.
W.R. Shope Lumber Co.
Lumber, Sash, Doors, Millwork and Roofing
Call Bellefonte 432
The American Game Protective
Association has outlined the most im-
portant and constructive program for
1929 in the 17 years of its history.
Taking the recommendations of the
National Game Conference held in
December as the basis of its pro-
gram, important undertakings al-
ready under way are being continued
and others have been begun, many of
which are in co-operation with other
national and local conservation or-
ganizations which participated in the
recent National Conference and offi-
cially sanctioned the program out-
For the first time, an attempt will
be made to outline a national policy
for wild life conservation and res-
toration. Such a policy on which all
interested organizations and individ-
uals may unite and cooperate, is es-
sential to coordination of their work
and accoplishment of the desired re-
sults for which all are striving. Co-
operation will be given to the Ameri-
can Forestry Association in
ucational work in the Southern States
to rouse the public to an understand-
ing of the folly of annual burning of
The association is officially identi-
fied with the National Committee on
wild Life legislation and is carrying
its share of the work and responsi-
bility of promoting legislation for
federal refuges for wild fowl and oth-
er laws which are needed and asked
of the present and next Congress. The
association has officially approved of
the establishment of wilderness re-
creation areas in National Forests
and other places and will seek their
Research into the diseases and oth-
er factors which tend to interfere
with the increase of wild life will be
continued, including the special inves-
tigation of the status and diseases of
the ruffed grouse. Co-operation 1s
now being furnished to various state
commissioners and others, where de-
sired, to promote improved state wild
The co-operation of sportsmen and
landowners, the control of predatory
species, prevention and elimination of
pollution of public waters, game
breeding and game surveys are all
being encouraged, and promoted.
The establishment of courses ‘of
study for technical training in game
management, game breeding and wild
life research are being encouraged.
Big Landing Lights for Safe Night
Air field landing lights of 3,000,-
000 candle power designed to flood a
broad field with a strong beam free
glare is one of the latest safety aids
to flying, reports the American Air
Direct light rays have been prac-
tically eliminated without reduction
in illuminating power. The new de-
vice concentrates the light, thrown
out across the field, to within four
feet of the ground. The landing avi-
tor is not confused by any upward
glare before the wheels of his
machine touch the earth.
Paris Profits by Pawned Automobiles.
A pawnshop with a garage that
will contain 600 automobiles— such
is the ambition of the Credit Munici-
pal of Paris, the governmental “Aun-
ty” that looks after the Frenchman
who wants a small loan.
Moreover, according to plans being
drawn following approval of the pro-
pect by the Municipal Council, the
ambition is going to be realized at a
cost of something less than $400,000.
It is estimated that the city will
profit $60,000 a year from loans made
WE FIT THE FEET
Baney’s Shoe Store
WILBUR H. BANEY, Proprietor
30 years in the Business
BUSH ARCADE BLOCK
NATIVE FOOD PRODUCTS.
In the American vegetable garden
eight principal food products had
their origin in the Indian crops exist-
ing here before the advent of the
white man. These include beans, corn,
peppers, pumpkins, squash, tomato,
potato and sweet potato. Vegetables
of old-world origin are far more num-
erous. The United States department
of agriculture lists twenty-four of
importance, cucumber, eggplant,
muskmelons, watermelons, okra, as-|
paragus, beets, Brussels sprouts, cab-
bage, carrots, cauliflower; celery, kale
and collard, kohirati, leek, lettuce,
onion, parsley, parsnips, peas, radish,
salsify, spinach and turnip. But the
value of the crop of the eight native
vegetables is considerably greater
than the twenty-four of foreign ori- |
gin. Since the discovery of America
the white man has not “tamed” any
native plant which the Indians had |
not already brought from warmer i
parts of America, but notable im-
provements have been made in the
quality and yields of most of these |
its ed- | vegetables.
Take Fingerprints of Rich Indians.
Foreseeing days of possible discord |
and strife when the fabuous riches of
the Navajo Indians are divided, the
Interior Department has begun tag-
ging and finger-printing each tribes-
man to provide definite proof of his
| identity. |
| it was explained. These facts made
| terior Department said, in taking an
The Navajos, a remote and isolat-
ed people, have no birth certificates.
Sheep raising nomads, they break
into small groups and scatter widely,
it necessary for the Indian Commis-
sioner to devise some scheme of keep-
ing tab on them.
So each Indian is being fingerprint-
ed, after which his names—both Am-
erican and Indian—are placed on the
tribal rolls. He is then issued a metal
disk, such as American soldiers wore
during the World War.
This enrollment serves also, the In-
Indian census. For these people, in
remote parts of Utah, Colorado, and
New Mexico, are hard to reach. The
Department believes the census will
reveal a Navajo population of around
The Indians, realizing the financial
value of tribal membership, have
been anxious to be enrolled by the
Government employees and other In-
dians who take the census.
From now on each Indian baby wil!
be fingerprinted and assigned a disk
when it is born. The disk must be
worn until death, when it is returned
to the Government.
The Interior Department
ning to conduct
among the other
tribes it was said.
cms ent pee ——
Barbers to Develop Haircut for “the
A distinctively American style of
haircuts for both men and women
will be developed at the convention
of the Journeymen Barber’s Interna-
tional Union, to open at Indianapolis,
Indiana, on Sept. 11, according to
the committee in charge.
«Jt will be an epoch-making event
in the annals of the barbering pro-
fessions in America.”
Leon Worthall, convention com-
mittee chairman, denounced the Eu-
ropean influence upon American hair-
«The borowing of styles from Eu-
rope to me is an admission that we
Americans are of inferior creative
mind,” said Worthall. “American
barbers and hair dressers are sec-
ond to none of Europe's best. All that
is required is a dose of “superiority
WHO IS YOUR BUTCHER?
Your guests will want to ask this
question when they have once
tasted our delicious lamb; and
you may be sure that steaks,
veal, roasts, and other items
from our establishment are just
as good and tender.
Market on the Diamond
P. L. Beezer Estate..... Meat Market
S Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Practices in
Office, room 18 Crider’s
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Prompt at
tention given all legal business em=-
trusteed to hiis care.
J M. KEICHLINE. — Attorney-at-Law
and Justice of the Peace. All pre=
fessional business will receive
prompt attention. Offices on second floor
of Temple Court. 40-5-1y
G. RUNKLE.—Attorney-at-Law, Conm-
sultation in English and German.
Office in Crider's Exchange, Belle-
fonte, Pa. 58-8
R. R. L. CAPERS. .
Bellefonte State College
Crider's Ex. 66-11 Holmes Bldg.
S. GLENN, M. D. Physician aad
Surgeon, State College, Centre
Office at his residence.
D. CASEBEER, Optometrist.—Regls-
tered and licensed by the State.
Eyes examined, glasses fitted. Sat-
isfaction guaranteed. Frames replaced
and leases matched. Casebeer Bldg., High
St., Bellefonte, Pa. 71-22-t
VA B. ROAN, Optometrist, Licensed by
the State Board. State College.
every day except Saturday,
Bellefonte, in the Garbrick building op-
posite the Court House, Wednesday after-
noons frond 2 to 8 p. m. and Saturdays 8
a. m. to 4.30 p. m. Bell Phone 68-40
We have taken on the line of
We also carry the line of
We have purchased several car loads
of Chick Feeds for this spring deliv-
ery. We can make you the right
price on same.
Wayne Dairy, 82% - $3.00 per H.
Wayne Dairy, 249% - 2.70 per H.
Wayne Egg Mash - 3.25 per H.
Wayne Calf Meal - 4.25 per H.
Wayne All mash starter 4.00 per H.
Wayne All mash grower 3.60 per H.
Purina Dairy, 34% - 8.10 per H.
Purina Dairy 249% - - 2.80 per H.
Wagner's Dairy, 229% - 2.50 per H.
Wagner's egg mash - 2.80 per H.
Wagner’s Pig Meal - 290perH.
Wagner's Dairy Mixture
- of cotton seed meal,
oil meal, gluten and
bran, 30% = - 2.80 per H.
Oil Meal, 349% - - 3.30 per H.
Flax Meal, 169, - - - 240per H.
Cotton seed meal - 3.00 per H.
Fine ground Alfalfa - 2.25 per H.
Meat meal, 45% - 4.00 per H.
Tankage, 60% - = 4.25 per H.
Oyster Shell - - 1.20 per H.
Stock Salt - - 1.20 per H.
We carry at all times Scratch feeds,
mixed and pure corn chop, bran, mid-
dlings of the best quality at the right
We can make you up any kind of
a dairy mixture with your corn and
oats chop, at a much better price
than commercial feeds will cost you.
We will deliver all feeds for $2.00
per ton extra.
If You Want Good Bread or Pastry
«GOLD COIN” FLOUR
C. Y. Wagner & Co. ne
¢6-11-1yr. BELLEFONTE, PA.
Caldwell & Son:
By Hot Water
Full Line of Pipe and Fit-
tings and Mill Supplies
All Sizes of Terra Cotta
Pipe and Fittings
Cheerfully ana Promptly Furnished