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Bellefonte, Pa., September 16, 1927.
Dog Racing Now Thrilling Crowds
Over the World.
Two thousand powerful grey-
hounds, trained to the minute, are
chasing electrically propelled stuffed
rabbits around quarter-mile tracks all
over the United States. Across the
oceans, in Europe, South Africa and
Australia, thousands of other blue
blooded canines are being raced in
the latest of American sports, which
already rivals the ancient pastime of
horse racing in popularity, says Pop-
ular Mechanics Magazine.
Despite the fact that the game is
hardly 6 years old, it already has
taken a place as one of the most fas-
cinating of sports. Crowds of 10,000
banked around the oval track are not
unusual for the average evening pro-
gram, all dog races being run at night
under blazing electric lights.
To the late O. P. Smith, who, prior
to his death a few months ago, was
high commissioner of the Internation-
al Greyhound Racing Association,
goes the credit of developing the
chase of the electric rabbit. Mr.
Smith developed his first crude me-
chanical rabbit as long ago as 1909,
but it was not until ten years later
that even fair success was attained,
and public races really date from
1921. Despite its newness, the sport
has spread throughout the world.
England saw its first track at Bir-
mingham last year, and this season
has six. Canada had one last year
and four this season. One has been
built at Cape Town; Australia is con-
structing several and Mexico has ap-
plied for a franchise under the inter-
Track racing differs materially from
the “society races” of whippet dogs.
The little whippets, weighing from
twenty to twenty-five pounds, are
raced on a straightaway between
cords which mark each do's path. A
trainer at one end of the course re-
leases the dog, who runs to a trainer
at the other end.
The track races use greyhounds,
standing twenty-four inches or more
in height and weighing up to as much
as seventy-five pounds, though the
best racing animals average from
fifty to sixty pounds. On the oval
course, with fairly sharp curves at
either end, only slightly banked, the
better dogs can negotiate the quarter
mile in 25 seconds, a rate of thirty-
six miles an hour, and to keep the
electric rabbit ahead of them in short-
er dashes, it is geared for a top speed
of fifty miles an hour, though its
average running speed is limited to
around forty to forty-five miles.
Twenty-five horse power and an elec-
tric car weighing more than 1,100
pounds are necessary to whisk about
a pound of stuffed rabbit around the
course at that rate. Years of work
were concentrated in developing the
car, the special electric motor and the
housing which hides car and track
from the dogs, while permitting the
arm carrying the rabbit to project
over the track for about five feet.
Pick Next Year’s Seed Corn Early
Although recent hot weather has
greatly improved the 1927 corn crop
it still is from two to three weeks lat-
er than normally.
“Unless there is unusually favor-
able weather for corn during all of
August and most of Septemebr,” ax-
serts County Agent W. A. Ross, “a
high percentage of immature corn
may be expected at the time of the
first frost. This will mean that the
crop will be cribbed with a high mois-
ture content. which in turn will re-
sult in considerable freezing, even with
normal fall and early winter weath-
To meet the impending situation,
he suggests that an adequate supply
of seed for the 1928 planting be se-
lected early, preferably from the
standing stalks. This corn should be
stored in a well ventilated building
and, if possible, in a room in the
house where it will have a chance to
dry out thoroughly before cold
weather approaches. The ears should
be hung on strings or otherwise taken
care of so that there will be plenty of
room for circulation of air.
Next year’s supply of seed will
have to come from this year’s crop
because there is no old supply in the
State as was the case last spring.
Furthermore, the condition of the crop
in the Corn Belt is similar to that in
Even if there were a supply avail-
able there, says Ross, it would not be
wise to go any great distance for seed
corn as none of the varieties from
other States tested in Pennsylvania |
during the past 10 years have equal-
led the best Pennsylvania varieties in
Corn in the glazed or late stage
will make excellent seed for the fol-
lowng season if given proper care.
When selected at this stage the grains
will shrivel and the ears will have a
poor appearance but the germination
will be just as strong as in the case
of fully matured corn. Variety char-
aeteristics will be transmitted just the
Librarians Trained in Schools.
California and Ohio furnished the
largest number of students, 56 each,
of the 553 students registered during
the year 1925-26 in the 14 accredited
library schools in the United States,
according to a report of the American
Library Association. These schools
are located in 10 different States.
Though students usually attend a
school in their own or an adjacent
State, many prefer to study in a dif-
ferent environment, thus making the
State distribution of students wide-
spread. The 22 students: reported
from Iowa were enrolled in 9 differ-
ent schools. Of the total number of
students enrolled in the 14 accredited
schools, 64 per cent. were college
graduates, 13 per cent. had three
years of college work, and 11 per cent.
had high-school graduation or equiva-
Indians Cling to Old Beliefs.
Nearly 100,000 Indians in the Unit-
ed States are untouched by Christian
doctrines, the Board of Indian Com-
missioners recently estimated, and re-
main to all intents and purposes pa-
gans, presumably still holding in a
large measure the beliefs of their an-
cestors. What these primitive Indian
beliefs are was told in a bulletin from
the Washington headquarters of the
National Geographical Society.
“Poetic fancy and a natural tend-
ency to describe newly encountered
beliefs and customs in terms of those
already familiar, have given many
white people false ideas in regard to
the religious beliefs of the American
Indians,” says the bulletin. “Some
enthusiasts have pictured the typical
Red Man as noble and ethical beyond
his white brother, believing in a fath-
erly “Great Spirit,” and striving to
live the good life that he may go after
death to the ‘Happy Hunting Ground.’
This is a fallacy.
“There is no single religion of the
American Indians. Instead the be-
liefs -differed widely in different sec-
tions and among different tribes.
There was, however, a similarity of
views, and these were about what
could have been expected from people
of a relatively primitive degree of
culture. Nowhere does what could
truly be called the conception of the
“Great Spirit,” an overruling deity,
emerge. There were greater and less-
er spirits, to be sure, but the charac-
teristic Indian belief is in a multitude
of spirits animating animals, objects,
and the various forces of nature. Nor
were these spirits inherently good or
bad, merally. They might help or
hinder the individual in his activities
or health, and whether they did the
one or the other was the test of their
‘goodness’ or ‘badness’ for him.
“The primitive Indian has no con-
ception of a hell; nor is his entry
into the spirit land dependent on his
conduct. He enters it as a matter of
course, he believes, and continues
there whatever activities have inter-
ested him in this life. To some tribes
this is a ‘skyland,” to others it is
merely a region of the earth, ‘in the
West,” across the sea,’ or ‘beyond a
river.” Others believe the villages of
the dead to be near their villages but
“Coupled in the mind of the primi-
tive Indian with a belief in many
spirits, as a belief in magic, through
which the spirits can be influenced.
All Indians believe in the possession
of a soul which is regained by them
after death.”—Lititz Record.
Congressman Griest Proposes Reduced
A reduction of all postal rates that
seem to be unwarranted and burden-
some on the various classes of busi-
ness will be proposed by Congress-
man W. W. Griest, Lancaster, in a
new postal rate bill to be introduced
in the 70th Congress.
Congressman Griest is Chairman of
the Post Office Committee of the
House. He was a member of the Con-
ference Committee which prepared
the postal rate conference report
which failed of consideration during
the last days of the 69th Congress.
In accordance with an understanding
reached at that time he is now pre-
paring a new measure. In prepara-
tion of the new bill Congressman
Griest is making an exhaustive in-
vestigation of the revenues of the
Government as disclosed since the
close of the fiscal year on July 1st.
He is also making a survey of the
effects which the present rates are
having on buisness. The new bill will
be ready for introduction early in the
Coast to Coast Alirplane Express.
Airplane express service is now
carried from and to Boston, Mass.,
New York City, Chicago, Ill., Dallas,
Texas, Salt Lake City, Los Angeles
and San Francisco, California and in-
termediate landing points.
Shipments handled by rail in regu-
lar service in connection with the Air
Express Service will be assessed the
regular express rate to or from the
point of connection with the Air Ex-
press Service plus the Air Express
rate in the tariff between the points
transported by airplane.
The following will not be accepted
for transportation in Air Express
Service: Shipments valued in excess
of $5,000. Packages weighing in ex-
cess of 200 pounds. Packages of ex-
treme hulk. Explosives, articles of an
inflamable nature, acids, live freight.
or fragile articles liable to damage
from shock. Also shipments which
are not accepted for transportation in
express service by rail.
Will Discontinue Manufacture of Med-
ical Liquor this Year.
The Treasury has abandoned pro-
posals for the resumption of manu-
facture of medicinal liquor this year,
Assistant Secretary Lowman announc-
ed last week.
Lowman said the decision was
reached after a conference with Com-
missioner Doran of the prohibition
bureau and was based on a decrease
in liquor withdrawals for medicinal
Without disclosing the number of
gallons on hand Mr. Lowman said
there would be a sufficient supply to
make unnecessary the immediate re-
sumption of manufacturing.
Lowman declared that additional
whiskey for medicinal purposes might
not be needed for several years, in-
asmuch as “an enormous stock” was
on hand. Withdrawals last year
amounted to 1,588,000 gallons, he said.
——— ———— —
Offers $100 Reward for Hit and Run
Pennsylvania Motor Federation will
pay a reward of $100 for the arrest
and conviction of hit and run drivers
of automobiles in this State, Richard
C. Halderman, president of the feder-
“It is urgent that every possible
criminal or criminally careless motor
vehicle operator should be taken care
i of,” Mr. Haldermann said in announc- |
ing the federation’s offer.
One-Half of State’s Cattle Tested for
One-half of all the cattle in Penn-
sylvania are now tested for tubercul-
osis. On July 1, a total of 630,000
head of the total cattle population of
1,280,000 had been given the test one
or more times according to Dr. T. E.
Munce, Director, Bureau of Animal
Industry, State Department of Agri-
Judging by the rapid rate at which
cattle have been tested during the last
few years, it is predicted by Bureau
officials that bovine tuberculosis will
be reduced to less than one-half of
one per cent. by the end of 1933, pro-
viding adequate funds are made avail-
able during the intervening years and
the interest of the cattle owners and
co-operating agencies continues.
Funds for the biennius 1927-1929
total $2,160,000 and will provide for
more than a milion tuberculin tests.
These tests will include the retesting
of herds already given one or more
tests as well as new herds.
Tuberculosis eradication work in
Pennsylvania has been progressing
under two plans. One is the individ- |
ual herd plan under which herds scat-
tered here and there over the State
are tested. The other is the area plan,
by which all the herds ina township
are tested at a time. On July 1, a total |
of 4081 herds were fully accredited |
under the individual herd plan, having |
passed two or more clean tests. Like- |
wise all the herds in fourteen counties |
had been tested under the area plan,
and nine of these counties were ac-
The counties which are now regard- |
ed as “modified accredited counties,”
being virtually free of bovine tubercu- |
losis, include: Butler, Cameron, Clear-
field, Crawford, Indiana, Jefferson, '
Lawrence, Mercer and McKean. |
The following five counties have
been completely tested but have not
qualified as accredited areas: Colum-
bia, Elk, Monroe, Potter and Union.
The desire among cattle owners for :
having the tuberculin test made is so |
great that a waiting list of 2,572 in-
dividual herds in fifty-four counties
and all the herds in 256 townships in
forty-five counties was reported by
the bureau on July 1.
Tag Whales to Learn Habits.
To learn more about the habits and
travels of whales, Norwegian fish-
ermen are tagging them with metal
labels, says Popular Mechanics Mag-
azine. A specially designed crossbow
is used to shoot a small dart bearing
the tag, into them and when a tagged
whale is captured, a report is made
to the Norwegian fishery headquar-
ters, giving the data appearing on the
tag and where and under what condi-
tions the whale was caught. This
system of tagging fish is not new. As
early as 1653, Izzak Walton made
mention of a study of the homing in-
stincts of salmon by tying ribbons to
the tails of the fish.
Another New Election Law.
The Legislature of this State at its
last session changed the law relating
to the assistance of voters in marking
their ballots. It is now a criminal
offense for a voter to permit such as-
sistance unless he or she cannot read
or write, or has some other physical
disability preventing him or her from
personally marking the ballot. The
punishment is a fine or imprisonment,
or both. And the same punishment
may be visited upon the person mark-
ing such ballot for another, unless
such other person takes an oath that
Ie or she is actually disabled from
doing so, and gives the reason. The
election board officers are also liable
to the same penalties for permitting
such assistance without requiring the
oath to be made, and they must fur-
ther make a record of the matter, in
each case, and return the same, along
with the other papers, to be returned
s———— AS ———————
Shade Trees for Roads.
Pennsylvania not only is building
a durable highway system but is one
of the few States making its high-
ways more attractive by planting
The beautification of main routes
of highway transportation is a sub-
ject which has had little practical
consideration in this country, although
one which receives careful thought as
a matter of course by road builders
and maintenance engineers abroad,
traveled motorists say.
Because of the thousands of Ameri-
can cars entering Canada from New
York there is a movement on foot to
establish a service that will insure a
clear road from New York city to
Montreal throughout the winter, re-
gardless of heavy snowfall.
Late Potato Blight Appears.
Late blight on potatoes has made
its appearance in Somerset County, E.
L. Nixon plant pathology extension
specialist of the Pennsylvania State
College, reports. This is the earliest
that it has been recorded. It promises
to be serious, and the loss will be
tremendous unless proper spraying .
with bordeaux mixture is continued,
Nixon declares. Last year the first
appearance of late blight was in Le-
high County, and two weeks after it
was first found most of the unsprayed
fields were dead.
You Can Buy Shoes
Here With Confidence
We use every bit of our buying skill in se-
lecting our footwear that will give more than the usual meas-
That we have been successful is proven by
every day wear tests given these shoes by the men of this
ure of service.
Bush Arcade Bellefonte, Pa.
IY Wil Select Its Own Judge
Notwithstanding the Selec-
tion of Other Counties
Centre County Believes in Home Rule.
Centre County is Competent to Choose.
Centre County Tax Payers Alone
A Vote for M. Ward Fleming for Judge
Honest, Impartial and Efficient Courts.
Economy in the Administration of Justice.
Promptness in Disposing of Court Matters.
He has The COURAGE, The DESIRE and The ABILITY
TO ENFORCE ALL LAWS