Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, July 22, 1927, Image 3

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    Deworraic atch
Bellefonte, Pa., July 22, 1927.
Chemists at State College Tell of Gas-
oline from Coal.
The world-wide problem of what
nations will do when the rapidly
dwindling oil supply gives out, is be-
ing thrashed out this week at the
Pennsylvania State College where
scores of the leading chemists of the
United States and some from Europe
are assembled for the third week of
the Institute of Chemistry being con-
ducted on the college campus by the
American Chemical Society.
Gasoline from coal is being made
successfully, it has developed in this
series of lectures which started with
addresses by Professor Hugh S. Tay-
lor, of Princeton University, Dr. Eric
K. Rideal, Cambridge University,
England, and Dr. Hans Tropsch, lead-
ing investigator in this field in Ger-
many. The expensc of production is
naturally higher than from petroleum,
but the process is accepted as practi-
cal and will supply gasoline from coal
as long as the world’s coal supply
lasts, which is estimated to be as
high as 200 years at the present rate
of consumption.
As chemists produce better grades
of gasoline, automotive engineers are
developing the compression in the en-
gine cylinders. Thirty to fifty miles
per gallon have been predicted for the
future as not impossible.
Other features that developed dur-
ing the second week of the institute
included the divulging of new methods
for treating silver and other metals
to prevent their tarnishing or rusting
as the case may be. Hundreds of
millions of dollars are lost each year
in industries and homes through cor-
rosion of metals. Scientists have
found some methods for combatting
this great waste through combination
of two or more metals to make an “al-
loy” through the “marriage” or fu-
sion of atoms of the different metals.
It also developed that research has
‘become so important to industries
that they cannot obtain a sufficient
supply of well-trained men from the
colleges. There is more work to be
done than they can find men to do it.
Cause of Automobile Accidents.
With the weekend toll of automo-
bile fatalities reaching alarming pro-
portions, the Keystone Automobile
Club sounds a warning to drivers
based on a survey of motor accident
causes. . .
“We have found,” says a statement
by the club, “that many so-called ac-
cidents are due to carelessness,
heedlessness, stubbornness, hoggish-
ness, or a combination of these high-
ly undesirable qualities. The soon-
er the dangerous minority of drivers
come to a realization of their respon-
_ sibilities, the better it will be for the
great body of careful, lawabiding
motorists, who are forced to share
the censure visited upon all car own-
ers when public horror is aroused by
automobile killings.
“Examples of careless operation of
cars are encountered on the high-
ways almost hourly. In this category
is the ‘one-arm’ driver and the driver
who ‘points.’ There are numerous
instances on record of collisions due
entirely to a driver losing sight of
the roadway while he points out
places of interest to occupants of his
“The 'diiver of ‘wobbles’ is an-
other source of danger. His car,
usually moving at slow speed, invit-
"ing cars’in'the rear to pass, suddenly
-swerves across the center of the high-
way. Quick application of brakes by
the driver following sometimes, but
not always, averts smashups.
“Another menace to highway safe-
‘ty is the hog who holds the center
of the road, turning a deaf ear to the
“tooting horns of cars in the rear.
“Congestion, with consequent danger,
results, and what should be a pleas-
ant drive in smooth-flowing traffic
becom2s a nerve-wracking, exhaust-
inhaling procession.
“Courtesy and consideration by the
- dangerous minority will unquestion-
‘ably make the roads safer for the
careful majority.”—Perry County
Keep Pedestrians Off All Highwayss.
Roadways 120 feet wide, well light-
.er at night by electricity or possibly
by some method yet to be applied,
such as radioactive substance, will, if
present trends continue, be policed
throughout their entire lengths by
“stop” and “go” lights, according to
W. C. Markham of the American As-
_ sociation of State Highway Officials.
Instead of speed limits of 40 miles
per hour it is predicted that all mo-
torists will be required to maintain
some minimum figure, such as 25
miles per hour, and, failing to do so,
they may be arrested for obstructing
A pedestrian who risks his own life
and the peace of mind of drivers by
crossing opposing traffic may be sub-
ject to a sentence in jail if he escapes
the morgue.
In congested areas, Mr. Markham
believes, pedestrians and vehicle traf-
fic will be separated, and probably
second-story sidewalks will come into
As partial evidence to support these
predictions, Mr. Markham points out
that during the last ten years much
improvement has become evident in
road conditions, and especially in the
last few months. The Lincoln high-
way in Pennsylvania and Indiana is
being widened to 40 feet. The Boston
Post road is being widened to 36 feet.
Wisconsin and Illinois are building
several four-line pavements, each 20-
foot strip kept within its bounds, pre-
venting the cutting in either from op-
posing or accompanying traffic.
In order to cross the Wacker drive
in Chicago the lowly pedestrian is
forced to steer through 14 lines of
autos; but in the not distant future
an escalator may whisk him over or
+ under the street.
—Subscribe for the Watchman.
Hilt Made of Lapis Lazuli
With Studs of Gold.
London.—A wonderful five thousand-
year-old golden dagger was one of the
many treasures of Ur described by
Prof. Leonard Woolley, head of the
British Museum section of the Anglo-
American expedition which has been
excavating the neighborhood of the
birthplace of the patriarch Abraham.
The flight of time is vividly depicted
by Woolley in his latest report to the
British museum when he emphasizes
that many of the expedition’s finds
date from a period “more remote in
time from Nebuchadnezzar than Neb-
uchadnezzar is from us, and 2,000
years or more older than the treasures
of Tut-Ankh-Amen with which thev
challenge comparison.”
The excavation work has just been
closed for the “season,” partly owing
to lack of funds, but Woolley and his
fellow-scientists strongly favor more
extensive examination of the ruins for,
as he says, “The further we go back
the more elaborate and the more fin-
ished seems to be the art of Sumeria.”
At the end of the expedition’s fifth
season archeologists and historians
are now able to picture in detail the
civilization of Mesopotamia in 3500
B. C, and “what is truly surprising
is the wealth and the high level of
the culture of that remote time.”
As regards the dagger referred to,
Woolley declares the hilt is made of
one piece of deep blue lapis lazuli
decorated with studs of gold; the
blade is of gold, sharp and bright; the
sheath, also of gold, is plain at the
back, but in front covered with an
exquisite design in filigree, With this
was found a golden reticule also dec-
orated with filigree, containing a tiny
tollet set, tweezers, stiletto ard spoon,
all In gold. They were at least five
thousand five hundred years old.
Seals of Kings.
dxcavating the ancient cemeteries
during recent weeks the expedition
found cylinder seals of no fewer
than five early kings, of whom three
were unknown to history. It was
when the excavators got below the
two thousand-year-old graves that they
made the best discoveries, for below
these they found three thousand two
hundred-year-old relics and, still lower,
graves going back to 3,500 years be-
fore Christ.
The earliest graves were the richest,
chough naturally not all the treasures
they once contained had survived the
passage of time. There were no rock-
cut chambers, hermetically sealed,
such as preserved the woodwork and
even the linen fabrics in Tut-Ankh-
Amen’s tomb. In a land formed en-
tirely of river silt, the ancients but
dug a hole, laid at the bottom of it a
square of matting, placed on this the
body, draped likewise in a mat, with
round it such offerings as they could
afford, spread another mat over all
and then filled up the pit again.
“Naturally after 5,500 years,” says
Woolley, “much has perished. Wood
may have left a film of brown color
in the soil, black tinder may represent
the tasselated garments or the shroud
of the dead, but that is all, Silver
is generally reduced to powder, cop-
per may survive, or may become green
dust or splinters, the very bones of
the man himself may have vanished;
only gold remains untouched by time.”
But although much has gone a vast
deal was yet found to throw light on
the earliest period of Mesopotamian
history. During the last month of the
expedition’s work not a day passed
that did not produce at least one gold
object; vessels of pottery and stone;
copper tools and weapons, beads and
amulets turned up daily in bewilder-
ing numbers and every now and then
there was a special prize in the shape
of some unique monument of art.
A Gaming Board.
One such remarkable treasure was
4 gaming board. The actual wooden
board had long since decayed, but the
fncrustation which had covered it re-
mained in position in the earth, It
was a difficult and lengthy task to lift
without disturbing them the hundreds
of tiny bits of inlay that composed it,
but this was done at last and now it
needs only to reback and clean the
mosaic to possess again, just as it
originally was, this royal “chess
The edging of the board is of moth-
er-of-pearl, the border of mother-of-
pearl, ivory and lapis lazuli, The
squares, divided by strips of blue lapis
and red paste, are of shell engraved
and inlaid with red and blue in geo-
metrical designs. Woolley says it is
indeed a triumph of ancient crafts.
incomes in U. S. Increased
Billion Dollars in 1926
New York.—Total income in the
Jnited States among its 110,000,000
inhabitants was $78,649,000,000 for
1926, compared to $77,313,000,000 for
the preceding year, the National In-
dustrial conference board reports,
If the value of all goods and serv-
(ces produced in the country last year
had been evenly divided, every man,
woman and child would have received
$671.43, the report says,
Pays Tribute
Andorra.—This tiny Pyrenean re.
public’ of 5,200 inhabitants has just
paid its annual tribute of 1,400 francs
(about $56) to its two “co-princes,”
the President of France and the Ro-
man Catholic bishop of Urgel, Spain.
For 649 years Andorra has paid tribute
and enjoyed undisturbed sovereignty.
1,500 Miles of New Roads.
1,500 miles of new road will be un-
der construction by and under the di-
rect supervision of the State depart-
ment of highways during the next
two years, Samuel kckels, chief en-
gineer of the department of highways,
announced today in making public
the department’s program.
In addition the secretary said that
at least 350 miles of worn out roads
will be surfaced and resurfaced with-
in this period, if the same percentage
Spork is completed during 1927 and
The appropriation of $5,000,000 for
county-state aid work, which is to be
matched by the counties, is expected
to result in the construction of 200
miles of highways, according to the
program. An appropriation of $3,
000,000 for payment of township re-
wards will be used in assisting town-
ships to provide durable road con-
struction and in the building of bridg-
It is estimated that road work in
which the county bears the entire cost
but which the department supervises
will total 150 miles at a cost of more
than $7,000,000. The sum of $10,000,-
000 has been set aside from the motor
fund for replacing 200 miles of worn
out pavements in the next two years
with highways of a durable type.
The department also plans filling in
165 gaps of three miles or less in
length, totaling 130 miles, which will
provide a minimum of 1,000 miles of
hard surfaced road. The cost of this
work was placed at $5,800,000.
During the two year period $6,000,-
000 has been set aside for the con-
struction of 125 miles of roads on pri-
mary and secondary systems entirely
financed by the State. The depart-
ment has also set aside $7,000,000 as
a special aid fund to be matched by
the counties on the same basis as
State aid, which it is estimated will
provide for construction of 200 miles
of road. Approximately 60 miles of
primary and secondary road is to be
constructed from a reserve fund in
excess of $4,000,000 which has been
carried over from past years and in
addition more than 400 miles of road
construction on contracts carried over
from 1926 will be completed at a cost
of $15,000,000.
Quarter Million Pounds of Wool Pool-
ed in the State.
Starting at West Chester the tour-
ing horticulturists inspected the co-
operaive packing house there which
has a wide reputation for its success
in the handling of locally grown pro-
ducts. From there the tour turned
toward Kennett Square and the Du-
Pont greenhouses. The first day in-
cluded a visit to the Delaware Agri-
ou vl Experiment Station at New-
Cooperative pools have marketed
nearly a quarter of a million pounds
of wool up to date, W. B. Connell,
sheep and wool extension specialist
of the Pennsylvania State College, re-
ports. Twelve pools have disposed of
the fleeces from 16 counties, with a
dozen more pools to be sold.
ing in the State. Beaver, Butler, and
Lawrence county shepherds pooled
60,000 pounds at New Castle.
An average price of 39% cents a
pound was received by the growers.
This was 4 to 6 cents more per pound
than local dealers oftered them, and
the 1500 farmers experienced the
! pleasant sensation of having more
than $12,000 come jingling into their
! pockets which would have gone else-
i where if there had been no such mar-
keting facilities. The wools were in
good, clean condition this year, and
both farmers and buyers are very
happy over the way things have gone,
Connell says.
Veteran of the Turf
Earl of Coventry, believed to be the
world’s oldest race horse owner, has
just celebrated his eighty-ninth birth-
day at his home in England. He is
one of the most famous figures on the
turf. He has been a member of the
Jockey club of England for 67 years,
a peer for 85, and winner of the Grand
National two times, and has seen 60
Derbies and as many Ascots. His
beautiful home, Coombe, was built by
the Brothers Adam, famous for their
architecture and Interior decorating.
and nothing has been altered since
their death. One of the brothers died
while the dining room was being deco-
rated, and the room was left uncom-
pleted, his drawings still lying un-
touched as he left them. One of the
tables will seat 40 people.
Strange Beast Terrorizes
A mysterious beast that walks on
its hind legs is terrorizing natives In
the Kenya colony of India. It has
killed a number of blacks, and the
“Nandi bear,” as they call it, Is in-
spiring more fear than a lion. No
white hunter has seen it, but Kanya's
acting game warden, who examined
the tracks, agrees that it walks on its
hind legs. It has been described as
being a strange species of lion, or
even gorilla, but natives believe it is
a hitherto unknown member of the
hyena family that climbs trees, One
report is that it has cream-colored
hair, iong tapering feet, with huge
claws, and long nose covered with
hair to the tip. It is sald to roam
only at night.
Wider Highways Needed.
Wider highways, especially near
the large cities, must be built in the
United States or the development of
the country may receive a severe set-
back, according to the American Re-
search foundation.
“At the present rate of increase, we
may have 30,000,000 passenger auto-
mobiles, busses and trucks on the
roads within a few years,” the bul-
letin declared. “Public enterprise
meantime moves with paralytic slow
ness in providing road room.
Mercer and Crawford counties pool
“It is estimated that good roads
now save the highway users $750,000,-
Pa.,—Approximately ; gawas $
000 a year. Motorists pay the bulk
of road building expenses but prob-
ably profit the least by it. Land
values have been enormously increas-
ed by highways, the benefits extend-
ing to farmers in remote sections.
With the growth of our cities more
and wider highways in their vicinity
are a vital necessity, not only for pas-
senger traffic but to facilitate the
transportation of food and supplies
into the population centers.”
We are authorized to announce that
W. Harrison Walker, of Bellefonte, is a can-
didate for nomination on the Democratic
ticket for the office of President Judge of
the courts of Centre county; subject to the
decision of the voters of the county as ex-
pressed at the primaries to be held on
September 20th, 1927.
To Democratic Voters of Centre County :—
I am a candidate for the office of judge
of your courts, subject to your decision
at the primaries September 20, 1927.
incerely yours,
We are authorized to announce that Harry
E. (Dep.) Dunlap, of Bellefonte, will be a
candidate for the nomination on the Demo-
cratic ticket for the office Sheriff of Centre
county, subject to the decision of the Cen-
tre county voters as expressed at the pri-
maries to be held on Tuesday, September
20, 1927.
We are outhorized to announce that
Elmer Breon, of Bellefonte borough, will
be a candidate for the nomination on the
Democratic ticket for the office of Sheriff
of Centre county, subject to the decision
of the Centre county voters as expressed
at the primaries to be held on Tuesday,
September 20, 1927.
We are authorized to announce that
Claude Herr, of Bellefonte, will be a
candidate for the nomination on the Demo-
cratic ticket for the office of Prothonotary
of Centre county, subject to the decision of
the Democratic voters as expressed at the
En mary te be held Tuesday, September 20,
We are authorized to announce that Ly-
man L. Smith, of Centre Hall, will be a
candidate for the nomination for County
Treasurer subject to the decision of the
Democratic voters of the county as ex-
pressed at the primary to be held Septem-
ber 20, 1927.
We are authorized to announce that D.
T. Pearce, of State College Boro., will be a
candidate for the nomination for County
Treasurer subject to the decision of the
Democratic voters of the county as ex-
pressed at the primary to be held Septem-
ber 20, 1927.
We are authorized to announce that Sinie
H. Hoy, of Bellefonte, is a candidate for
nomination on the Democratic ticket for
the office of Recorder of Centre county,
subject to the decision of the voters of the
county as expressed at the primary to be
held Tuesday, September 20, 1927.
We are authorized to announce that D.
Wagner Geiss, of Bellefonte, Pa., is a can-
didate for nomination on the Democratic
ticket for the office of Recorder of Centre
county, subject to the decision of the
voters of the county as expressed at the
primary to be held Tuesday, September
20th, 1927. .
We are authorized to announce that D.
A. McDowell, of Spring township, will be
a candidate on the Democratic ticket for
the office of Recorder of deeds of Centre
county, subject to the decision of the
Democratic voters as expressed at the
primary on Tuesday, September 20, 1927.
We are authorized to announce that John
S. Spearly will be a candidate for the
nomination for Ceunty Commissioner on
the Democratic ticket subject to the decis-
ion of the voters of the party as expressed
at the primaries on September 20th, 1927.
We are authorized to announce that
John W. Yearick, of Marion township, will
be a candidate for the nomination of Coun-
ty Commissioner, subject to the decision
of the Democratic voters as expressed at
the primaries to be held September 20, 1927.
ee —— eames aes
Republican Ticket.
We are authorized to announce that M.
Ward Fleming, of Philipsburg, Pa., is a
candidate for nomination for President
Judge of the Courts of Centre county sub-
ject to the decision of the Republican
voters of the county as expressed at the
primary to be held September, 20, 1927.
We are authorized to announce that
James C. Furst, of Bellefonte, Pa., is a
candidate for nomination on the Republi-
can ticket for the office of President Judge
of the Courts of Centre county; subject to
the decision of the Republican voters of
the county as expressed at the primary to
be held September 20, 1927.
We are authorized to announce that
Arthur C. Dale, of Bellefonte, Pa., is a
candidate for the nomination on the Re-
publican ticket for the office of President
Judge of the courts of Centre county, sub-
ject to the decision of the Republican
voters of the county as expressed at the
primary to be held September 20, 1927.
I hereby announce that I am a candi-
date for nomination as the Republican
candidate for Treasurer of Centre County,
subject to the decision of the voters of the
party as expressed at the primaries to be
held Sept. 20, 1927.
Your influence and support is earnestly
Boggs Township.
We are authorized to announce that Roy
Wilkinson, of Bellefonte, Pa., will be a
candidate for the nominaton on the Re-
publcan ticket for the office of Prothono-
tary of Centre county, subject to the de-
cision of thee Republican voters as ex-
pressed at the primary to be held Tues-
day, Septmber 20, 1927.
Ford Sedan -
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— .
AT 109-113 WEST 45 ST!
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Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Practices in
all courts. Office, room 18 Crider’s
Exchange. ¥ . : Duly
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Prompt at-
tention given all legal business en-
trusteed to hiis care. Offices—No. 5, East
High street. 57-44
M. KEICHLINE. — Attorney-at-Law
and Justice of the Peace. All pro-
fessional business will receive
prompt attention. Offices on second floor
of Temple Court. 49-5-1y
fe 3 RUNKLE. — Attorney-at-Law,
Consultation in English and Ger-
an. Office in Crider’'s E
Bellefonte, Pa. gers Bxciapge
Crider’'s Ex.
8. GLENN, M. D., Physician and
Surgeon, State College, Centre
county, Pa. Office at his resi-
State College
66-11 Holmes Bldg.
D. CASEBEER, Optometrist. —Regis-
tered and licensed by the State.
. Eys examined, glasses fitted. Sat-
isfaction guaranteed. Frames replaced
and lenses matched. Casebeer Bldg. High
St., Bellefonte, Pa. T1-22-tf
VA B. ROAN, Optometrist, Licensed by
the State Board. State College,
every day except Saturday,
Bellefonte, in the Garbrick building op-
posite the Court House, Wednesday after-
noons from 2 to 8 p. m. and Saturdays 9
a. m. to 4.30 p. m. Bell Phone 68-40
We Keep a full stock of Feeds on hand
at all times.
Wagner's 229 Dairy $48.00
Wagner's 329; Dairy $51.00
Made of cotton seed meal,
gluten and bran.
oil meal,
Wagner’s Scratch Grain per bu...... $2.60
Wagner's Poultry Mash per bu...... $3.10
We sell all of the Well Known Wayne
Brands of stock feed
Wayne's 829; Dairy, per tonm,........ $54.00
Wayne's 829 Dairy, per ton,......... 50.00
Cotton Seed Meal, 439, per tom,..... 50.
Oil Meal, 849%, per ton............ .. 58.00
Gluten, 23%......... tees svesrrrinnnes 48,00
Alfalfa ..... ...... c0c0iiei yh 45.00
Brag ........... sencssesise sass sanane . 88.00
MIAANNES ........00 00. 00.00 hill 42.00
Mixed Chop .......... .... c0eeee.i. 44.00
50% Meal SCrap .c.coccsceeaionsece. 4.25
60% Digester Tankage............. 4.28
We are making a wheat food Breakfast
Cereal, 4lbs for 30c. Try it. Sold at all
the groceries.
Use “Our Best” Flour.
b. Y. Wagner & Go., Inc
66-11-1yr. BELLEFONTE, PA.
Caldwell & Son
Bellefonte, Pa.
and Heating
By Hot Water
Pipeless Furnaces
Full Line of Pipe and Fit-
tings and Mill Supplies
All Sizes of Terra Cotta
Pipe and Fittings
Cheerfully and Promptly Furnished
Fine Job Printing
at the
There is no style of work, from the
cheapest “Dodger” to the finest
that we can not do in the most sat-
isfactory manner, and at Prices
consistent with the class of work.
Call on or communicate with this
This Interests You
The Workman's Compensation
Law went into effect Jan. 1,
1916. It makes insurance compul-
sory. We specialize in placing
such insurance. We inspect
Plants and recommend Accident
Prevention Safe Guards which
Reduce Insurance rates.
It will be to your interest to
consult us before placing your
+ Bellefonte 43-18-1yr. State College