Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, April 29, 1927, Image 3

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    EVOLUTION OF THE TIMEPIECE | gan to manufacture timepieces and by
If you want a nice Porch Rocker, FREE, The Watchman will help
Bemorraiic Waco
Beliefonte, Pa,, April 29, 1927.
an sss. wn
Tribute to Loveliness
Age Does Not Wither
It was long a reproach against our
countrywomen that, while Ameries
was admittedly a land of pretty girls,
their beauty did not wear well; too
often It vanished with their youth.
But the famous Spanish artist, Zu-
loaga, has noted that nowadays things
are different. He praises the beauty
of American women, not merely of
American girls, declaring indeed, with
gratifying emphasis, that it is “of 9
kind which Increases with age.”
England, not the United States, has
been long the country of beauty well-
preserved, and the beautiful grand-
mothers of England—vigorous and
charming women of ageless beauty,
not silver-haired old ladies in capes—
were long the marvel not only of trav-
ling Americans but of the continental
mations of Europe. Edward Lear, the
author of “The Owl and the Pussy
Cat,” “The Jumblies” and much other
famous and delightful nonsense, has
told how, while he was staying in Mal-
‘ta, he was invited to a dinner party
at which were present, besides British
officers from the garrison, several na-
val officers from foreign ships lying
in the harbor,
“Sitting next to the captain of an
Austrian frigate,” he recorded, “a Ger-
‘man officer sald to a subaltern—the
conversation was about the good looks
of women—‘I do think the English
woman conserve her aperient galship
‘longer than all the women; yes, even
as far as her antics!"
“The poor subaltern withered with
confusion till I ventured to interpret:
‘The Englishweman preserves her ap-
pedrance of youth longer than all
women, even if she be old.’ ”
No wonder the subaltern was pnz-
zled; not every one would have
guessed as quickly as Lear did that
“galship” meant girlhood and “antics”
neither sportive agility nor unseemly
gambols, but simply antiquity or age,
—Youth’s Companion,
Toys Thought Wonderful
Mechanical toys, such as trains,
dancing figures and swimming ducks,
were produced as scientific wonders
for grownups by the great experiment-
ers. of early days instead of as play-
things for children, according to a
writer in the Montreal Family Herald.
The more ignorant people of the time
believed them to be miraculous and
Sometimes the makers had narrow es-
capes from execution as wizards. One
scientist made a fly which, after a
flight about the room, would return
to his hand. He also produced a me-
chanical eagle in honor of the visit
of an emperor to Nuremburg. The
eagle flew several times about the em-
peror as he entered the city. Lifelike
canaries that sing naturally when
wound up, are common today. The
first of this type of toy was exhibited
in 1851.
Hawaiian Relic
The famous Naha stone, one of the
dnest relics of early Hawaiian history,
after having for many years been al-
towed to remain in obscurity, was not
long ago moved and placed in a con:
Spicuous position in the city of Hilo.
the second city of the territory.
From the earliest ages there existed
a prophecy concerning this stone to
the effect that he who could turn it
over would become king of the whole
of the Hawaiian group. The great
feat was eventually accomplished by
Kamehameha the Great, then king of
Hawaii, and undoubtedly inspired kim
to embark upon the brilliant career
which finally brought the whole of
the islands under his sway.
A suitable tablet commemorating the
history of the relic has been placed
‘near the stone.
Two Schools of Thought
Fundamentalists believe that the
canon of the Scriptures is closed and
that revelations are not now made.
They also affirm belief in the mirac-
ulous happenings which are related in
‘the Scriptures; that they are of divine
origin and that the Bible was written
through divine inspiration and is not
subject to modern Interpretation. Mod-
ernists believe that revelations are
still being made and that it Is quite
possible according to developments of
modern sclence to account for the so-
called miraculous happenings in the
Bible. They do not accept such doe-
trines as that of the virgin birth with-
out question.—Washington Star.
Egg for Radiator
Does your radiator leak? Try white
of egg—an od farmer's remedy, which
several motorists have used with suc-
cess. The theory is that after the
white of egg is poured into the radi-
ator the hot water carries it to the
leak and cooks it there until it becomes
virtuaily hard boiled. The remedy
has lasted in some cases for two or
three years at a stretch, indicating
that the egg does net rot even in that
length of time, or else attracts enough
sediment to keep the hole plugged
Not a Farmerette
Little two-year-old Anita went to the
country to visit her grandparents and
was taken out to the rabbitry to see
the New Zealand Red rabbits. When
she saw the red rabbits, her eyes fair-
iy danced and reaching out her little
hands and beckoning with her fingers,
she exclaimed, “Come on, little cows.
Coma on, little cows.”
250 B. C.
The history of the timepiece dates
from the era when man told time by
the sun by placing a stick in the
ground and watching its shadow as
the sun passed overhead. Then came
the moon which allowed the estima-
tion of time in periods of a month.
As the idea of telling time developed
the original crude sundial of a stick
in the ground became an obelisk.
About 250 B. C. Perosus, the Chald-
ean historian the priest, invented a
sundial shaped like a bowl with a
pointer placed on it. With this inven-
tion came the first accurate timepiece.
Since the sky itself is shaped like a
bowl the shadow cast along the lines
of the “Hemicycle of Berosus”—drawn
to indicate the hours—gave correct-
ness to the instrument. For centuries
this remained the best means of tell-
ing time. Cicero, it is recorded, had
one of these sundials, and many of
them have been found among the ruins
of Pompeii.
After the sundial came the clepsy-
dra or water clock. This device told
time by water escaping through a
hole. These clocks were used to time
the speeches of lawyers in the law
courts of Rome. A lawyer was per-
mitted to plead his case until all the
water had run out of the clock. The
hour-glass invented at Alexandria in
300 B. C. was another type of time
recorded. As late as 1839 this device
was still in use in the British navy,
Real clocks made their appearance at
the beginning of the middle ages.
They were developed and placed in
cathedrals and monasteries. Accord-
ing to the best authorities Gilbert, the
monk who was later raised to the pap-
Sey construtced the first clock about
Some clocks have run for centuries.
The “father of all modern clocks” ran
for over 400 years, and is still in its
original position, although its ticking
has ceased. This is the renowned clock
which Charles V of France ordered
constructed for his palace in the 14th
century. Henry de Vick was called
from Wurttemburg, Germany, to make
the clock for the king of France. Some
authorities claim that for the next 300
years de Vick’s mechanism was copied
by the clockmakers of all Europe.
The forerunner of the watch was
the portable hourglass which was car-
ied in the hand in the Athens of the
early days. Then after the making
of clocks had reached fairly advanced
stage, the invention of the watch was
easy. Peter Henlein, a locksmith of
Nuremberg, invented “the portable
timepiece or watch in 1500. Known
as the Nuremberg egg it was a weigh-
ty, awkward instrument with only one
hand and without a crystal. The min-
ute hand did not take its place on the
face of the watch until 1678. The first
crystal was used in 1650, but the sec-
ond hand did not appear until more
than 100 years later.
England’s watch and clock industry
began about 1627. Switzerland soon be-
1799 Geneva had more than 6000
watchmakers. France also made rapid
strides in watch production, It was
invented. But it was well after the
Revolutionary war before America had
any home-made clocks. Our first
clock was made in Connecticut about
1800 by Eli Terry, who made clocks
of wood—wheels and all. Thus the
foundation of our clock industry was
formed in New England. These old-
fashioned wooden clocks still adorn
the walls and mantlepieces in many
American homes today. Wooden clocks
were driven from the market in 1837
when Chauncey Jerome, of Massachu-
setts, first used machinery in the man-
ufacture of clocks with metal works.
The first watch factory in this coun-
try was established at Roxbury, Mass.,
in 1850.—Reformatory Record.
The Farmer and the Fur Trade.
Seventy million dollars a year the
fur industry says it distributes to
farmers’ boys in return for the skins
trapped by them. It further says, “Op-
position to anti-steel-trap legislation
will come from the farmer, who will
not be content to be deprived of his
most efficient and economical means
of protecting his stock and crops from
vermin, and who will not care to fore-
go the comforts and luxuries provided
by the income from the sale of this
by-produet from his farm.”
These are rather interesting state-
ments. First we are rather surprised
to learn that so many of the furs with
which women adorn themselves are
from vermin, and that the farmers
should be able to collect $70,000,000
annually to rid themselves of these
same vermin. In the second place we
can’t help wondering how far the
farmers of the United States will be
willing to be held responsible for so
large a bulk of the suffering caused
by the steel trap—one of the cruelest
devices ever invented by man.
Stucco Has Wide Range of Color and
Portland cement stucco is a mate-
rial upon which the home owner,
builder and architect easily agree.
The owner may definitely indicate
the texture and color he wants in the
final stucco coat, the architect may be
sure that the choice will be suited to
the architectural settings or treat-
ment of the house and the builder has
no trouble in securing the results ex-
pected by the owner.
The broad, general use of portland
cement stucco for residential exteriors
has familiarized all architects and
contractors—and a good many home
owners—with the valuable qualities
of this material. It is equally adapt-
able to the workman’s cottage, the
city or surburban residence, or the
It harmonizes with almost any type
of architecture—the colonial, or state-
ly columns; the Georgian, of simple
but effective lines; the mission, of
plain wall and the roof.
you get it. Come in and find out how it can be done.
Oh, Yes! Call Bellefonte 432
W.R. Shope Lumber Co.
Lumber, Sash, Doors, Millwork and Roofing
Little Shoes
Soft and pliable, yet sturdily,
gracefully fashioned and with
water-proof soles, these are
the best shoes in the world for
the little folks.
and wear
of Your Service . . .
Stationed at the central of the telephone plam.
In touch with every circuss, every station, every roll lise.
Testing continuously for service troubles, inside and out.
Sposiing the effects of moisture, corrosion, rust, dectralysis,
and tear.
Like the Chinese doctor, bis job is ro keep your service “well
BYE when a break occurs, 20d you call the Trouble Clerk, the
job of this watchman of your service is to see that year telephone
— Jour service — is again working in the shortest possible space of
To him it is not just onc telephone “out.” To him, yous ate with-
out service —and he is personally responsible for seeing that it is
The aim of our maintenance and repair forces is to give this close,
individual attention — continuously.