Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, April 01, 1927, Image 7

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Bellefonte, Pa., April 1, 1927.
Government Advocates Cutting of
Chestnut to Save Them From
For the last few years the chest-
nut blight has been making rapid
chestnut timber. Some six or seven
years ago if one knew chestnut blight,
it could be found in isolated places
here and there; but in very few places
to the extent that it would attract at-
tention. Today it has so spread that
there is hardly a group of chestnut
trees anywhere that does not show
some signs of chestnut blight infec-
tion. In some places where the chest-
nut is common, the disease spreads
rapidly; fully 50 per cent. of the trees
are infected and in many places 50
per cent. of the trees are already dead
with the greater part of the remain-
der in various stages of infection.
Where the infection is present, it is
only a question of two or three years
until it takes its toll of affected
trees and spreads to others until
eventually practically all of our com-
mercial chestnut is doomed to destruc-
This is simply a repetition of what
has happened until today in the east-
ern and central part of the State and
some of the regions of the Appala-
chian States 80 to 100 per cent. of the
commercial chestnut is entirely wiped
There is absolutely no way of stop-
ping the spread. of the disease and
at the present time attention is di-
rected largely to salvaging the chest-
nut timber as it is killed or immedi-
ately ahead of the advancing disease,
in order that the damage done may :
be lessened to considerable extent.
Already, in some places the timber
has been dead so long that its use is
being restricted for such purposes
which will mean that such salvaging
operations will be greatly lessened.
The U. S. government has closely
followed the spread of the disease
south through the Appalachian moun-
tains in the hopes that by studying its
progress they could forecast its
spread to other regions and in the
meantime through proper education
bring about a closer and faster utiliza-
tion of the chestnut timber, so that
much of it could be operated and
salvaged before it was entirely lost.
They estimate that north of the
Mason and Dixon line as high as 40
per cent. of the infected timber was
lost through deterioration after be-
ing blighted because of the rapid
spread of the disease and lack of prop-
er education and organization to bring
about its complete utilization. Tak-
ing advantage of this experience, they
hope that they can prevent a large
part of a similar loss in the southern
chestnut regions, advocating that
wherever possible the chestnut be cut
and utilized as its eventual destruc-
tion is only a question of time and the
rapidity of the disease southward.
It would seem good business for
woodlot owners of chestnut timber to
profit by the experience of other re-
gions and lose no opportunity to cut
and utilize such chestnut timber as
they have available and can find use
and market for. Whatever chestnut
timber is used now either during the
disease or shortly after is so much
saved from total loss, if such cutting
is not too long delayed. It seems from
all experience that it is only a ques-
tion of a few years until practically
all the chestnut is killed and whatever
timber in the meantime can be cut and
put to some profitable use goes a little
way toward making the best of every
bad situation.
The Worst is Yet to Come.
Old fogies of forty years and more
find it increasingly difficult to keep up
with the ideas of the rising genera-
tion. To jazz, bobbed hair, short
skirts and cosmetics the back num-
bers who have the two-score mark
have managed to accommodate them-
selves. They realize that times
change; that youth will have its fling;
that sound sense does not necessarily
abide with grazheards; that, wisdom
is often wa ‘by. the flight of time.
They recall, by a great effort of mem-
ory, that..their own ways in thei
youth, - were. not the ways of their
parents, and that they entertained, in
the days of their young manhood and
girlhood, the notion that father and
mother “did not understand.” So they
try to make allowances, and to at-
tribute innovations which at first
grate upon them to the inexorable
march of progress.
It is a little hard to us doddering
old folks who once upon a time
brought into the world children now
in their late teens to assimilate the
idea of the hip pocket flash circulat-
ing at parties which in the days of
yore were enlivened by such deviltry
as charades, post office and stage
coach; to account for the amazing
self-sufficiency of the young folks,
and to accept without misgivings their
appalling frankness and sophistica-
tion. But perhaps other eye-openers
are in store for us.
In Texas not leng ago a young girl
of respectable connections walked in-
to a country bank, held up the officials
at the point of a gun and sauntered
out with the day’s deposits. In South
Dakota on Saturday last another
young woman, a college student, broke
into a bank at night and was found
preparing to drill the safe. She want-
2 $24 with which to pay her tuition
City youths in astonishingly large
numbers are trying to make a living
by holding up pedestrians, taxi drivers,
store cashiers and collectors. If the
country girls are to turn to bank rob-
bery, what are we to expect of the
next generation? Our children shock
us. Let us cheer up—perhaps the
worst is yet to come. Let us wait un-
til we see our grandchildréen.—Phila-
delphia Record.
——The “Watchman” is the most
readable paper published. Try it.
progress and heavy inroads into the :
—Give breeding poultry liberal
amounts of green feed.
is better than dope for poultry flocks.
| —In pruning fruit trees, limbs that
droop too much may be remedied by
cutting them back to an upturning
branch and removing the low-hanging
secondary branches.
— Concentrate on the money-mak-
ers. Prune the best apple trees first.
Then if there is time, go over the
poorer varieties. Regular annual
pruning is best in avoiding the accumn-
ulation of weak wood.
—In tiling, dig the ditches after the
tile have been spread. Start at the
outlet and work uphill. Have a depth
of not less than two feet. Do not use
tile as a culvert from a pond, but lay
them below the bottom of the pond.
| —Proper feeding and management
—Cool the milk regularly now as
warm weather approaches. Change-
able weather is uncertain and milk
may sour if it is not properly cooled.
Use a cooler if you have it but if not,
put the milk in a clean can, set it in
running water, and stir it every five
minutes for a half hour.
— Skimmilk powder is proving al-
most a perfect substitute for skim-
‘milk in raising dairy calves. It can
now be purchased generally through
feed dealers and is prepared by mix-
|ing one part of powder with nine
' parts of warm water. Calf-raising
thus becomes easier in communities
where whole milk is sold.
—Using cotton disc strainers is
advisable in the production of clean
milk. They do not need scalding every
day as the strainer cloth does, since
the disc is used once and then discard-
ed. If strainer cloths are now being
used, the change to cotton dises will
make the work of the housewife,—
who in most cases takes care of the
dairy dishes,—much easier.
— Spraying grapes is a paying prop-
osition, demonstrations in Erie coun-
ty prove.
Records on five years of spraying
in demonstration vineyards indicate
an average yield of 3.83 tons per acre,
an increase of two tons, or over 100
per cent more than the average yield
of the Erie county grape belt. The
sugar content of grapes from the de-
monstration plots averages 16.88 per
cent., an increase of 2.95 per cent.
over the average for the belt as a
—The importance of using a liberal
quantity of seed potatoes is not gen-
erally recognized by commercial po-
tato growers. The recent accomplish-
ment of a firm of California potato
growers in producing 1,038.3 bushels
of potatoes on a measured acre and
an average yield of 1,001 on nine acres
would not have been possible if only
the usual quantity of seed had been
planted. These growers consider the
In the production of their phenomenal
vield seed potatoes were planted at
the rate of. 40 bushels per acre or
more than twice the quantity used by
our most progressive potato growers.
Experimental results indicate there
is a close correlation between the
quantity of seed used and the yield
per acre. Planting large-size sets in-
sures a better germination and a larg-
er set of tubers, therefore it is a
desirable practice provided the re-
sultant plants have an abundant sup-
ply of plant food and moisture. Large-
size sets mean more stems and tubers
per set, consequently more nourish-
ment is needed to develop these tub-
ers to market size.
United States Department of Agri-
culture Bulletin 1248-D discusses size
of potato sets and also compares the
relative value of whole and cut seed.
1t should prove valuable to potato
growers interested in the production
of maximum yields. Copies may be
obtained, as long as the supply lasts,
by writing the department at Wash-
ington, D. C.
—When using a cream separator on
the farm the following precepts should
be observed: ;
..1. Put the separator in a bright
dairy room that can be easily cleaned
and that is always free from odors of
all kinds.
2. Set the machine perfectly level
and bolt it to a solid foundation, pref-
erably concrete.
8. Oil thoroughly each time it is
4. Be sure that the parts are prop-
erly assembled, then start the ma-
chine gently and slowly.
5. Maintain the proper speed and
keep an even pressure on the handle
at all times.
6. When separation is completed
flush the bowl with a quart of skim
milk or warm water, but do not let
skim milk or water into the cream.
7. Having set the cream into cold
water and disposed of the skim milk,
take the bowl apart and rinse with
lukewarm water.
8. Using hot water, washing powder
and brushes, scrub all parts that come
in contact with the milk.
_ 9. Rinse with hot water, then place
in boiling water or steam sterlizer for
a few minutes and hang up to dry.
10. Wipe frame of separator.
_ The necessity for thoroughly clean-
ing and scalding the separator every
time it is used cannot be too greatly
emphasized. Cream from an unclean
separator has very poor keeping quali-
ties, soon developes a decided “off fla-
vor” and becomes second grade.
Cream of this kind brings financial
loss to the purchaser whether he is
selling it on a quality basis or not.
Poor cream makes poor butter and
poor butter returns a low price to the
producer, whether creamery is co-op-
erative or otherwise.
The financial loss caused by unclean
separators is frequently not fully ap-
preciated because it is indirect; it is,
however, none the less real. Good
business management of the dairy,
therefore, demands that the separator
be thoroughly cleaned each time it is
used.—W. H. Woodley, College of Ag-
riculture, University of Arkansas,
liberal use of seed a good investment.
When the correct letiers are placed in the white spaces this pussie will
spell words beth vertically and horizontally.
The first letter in each word is
indieated by a mumber, which refers to the definition listed below the pussle.
Thus No. 1 under the column headed
fll the white spaces up to the first black square te the
under “vertical” defines a word which will fll the white
No letters go in the black spaces. All words
black ome below.
tionary words, except proper names.
“horizontal” defines a word which will
right, and a number
squares to the mext
used are dic-
Abbreviations, slang, initials, technieal
terms and obsolete forms are indicated im the definitions.
To Holders of the
Second Liberty Loan
The entire issue of the Second Liberty
2 [3 [4 5 [6 [7 7 | ;
; Loan 414 % converted bonds has been called
? 10 u for payment November 15, 1927.
(12 1 14 Owners of these bonds may exchange
now for 3% % five year Treasury Notes, re-
pe / I 19 ceiving interest to May 15, 1927 on the old
mo ] 22 T bonds, and interest from March 15, 1927 on
pi the new issue.
A 5 If not exchanged now the old bonds may
Aq 3 30 be held, bearing interest, until November 15,
I 1927 when they are called for payment. We
31 32 33 shall be glad to arrange for holders of this
35 [se Me? 33 59 0 loan.
The First National Bank
41 42 4 I 44
45 46 47 43
9 50 51 : mm mm— en
52 =. A TTT NE TCO
& SSIS) "
' (©, 1926, Western Newspaper Union.) Sg NY :
: Horizontal. Vertical, Zz
—Lengthwise b—Pieces 1—It pays to put it in this paper .
9—Idiot 2—From $ 1 2 00,000,000.00
{1—Possessive pronoun
2—Against (abbr.)
.3—Newspapers issued every day
5—A degree
6—Always (poetic form)
{9—A contraction
20—A bar of timber or metal
}2—A boy's name
t3—A kind of powder
4—To stroke lightly
16—Held a session
$7—Part of the verb “to be”
8—Private hint
£9—Style of wearing the hair
30—A note of the scale
81—A receptacle
87—A serpent
¢1—A fingerless glove
42—A lofty headdress
43-—A biblical character
46—The head of a paper (abbr.)
46—A formal document bestowing
49—A . girl's name
50—In the near future
3—To incline the head
4—A domesticated animal
6—Reply (abbr.)
7—In reference to (abbr.)
8—What a newspaper is always
glad to receive
10—Represented falsely
11—A middle western state (abbr.)
14—A metal
16—Not well
19—To make lace
21—A dead _anguage
23—A small drum
25-—A metal
26—A call for help
$1—Part of a harness
32—To fly aloft
86—To set free
37—Incline to ene side
42—A pronoun
43—An age 46—A bed
47—Fish eggs 49—Behold
50—A point of the compass
Qalution will appear In next issue.
1,931 Bakeries in Pennsylvania.
That home bread-making is be-
coming a lost art in Pennsylvania is
indicated by 2 report recently made
by the department: of commerce that
there are in. this State 1,931 com-
mercial baking establishments doing
a gross business of more than $150,-
000,000 annually.
. This is at the rate of one bakery
for something less than 4,500 citizens
of the State. It represents an increase
of about 12% per cent. over last year,
in the number of establishments as
well as in the value of their products.
The enormous growth ef baking
is further disclosed by the depart-
ment’s showing that there are in the
United States 17,681 establishments,
with a combined business of $1,267,
857,169. These figures de not in-
clude the value of bread, rolls, pas-
try, etc, baked by hotels, restau-
rants and boarding houses.
The total output of bread, rolls and
coffee cakes, according to the
partment, 1f equally distributed,
would mean an annual consumption
by every man, woman and child of
about 75 pounds. There is also a per
capita production of biscuits of about
12 pounds.
The advent of prohibition appar-
ently has had an adverse effect upon
the consumption of pretzels, the per
capita output having decreased to less
than a quarter of a pound.
A staggering volume of materials
enter into the production of the na-
tion’s supply of bread and pastries.
Commercial establishments last year
accounted for 32,432,694 bushels of
wheat, 1,000,000 bushels of rye and
1,416,000 bushels of other grains;
40,847,000 pounds of malt extract,
674,763,976 pounds of sugar, 50,000-
000 dozen. eggs, 30,000,000 pounds of
butter and butter substitutes, 358,-
000,000 pounds of lard and other
shortening, 77,000,000 pounds of fluid
milk, 131,000,000 pounds of condensed
milk and 36,693,000 pounds of pow-
dered milk and 81, 218,279 pounds of
yeast. The total value of these pro-
ducts was $492,368,587.
em—— re——————
The Alamo.
The Alamo, a Franciscan mission—
the most noted in all Texas, was or-
iginally established in the Rio Grande
valley and moved to a point now with-
in the limits of the city of San Antonio
about 1720 because of annoying dis-
The church and its yard, covering
some two and one-half acres, sur-
rounded by a protecting wall eight
feet high and almost three feet thick,
was repeatedly the subject of disturb-
ing outrages by the Mexicans who fin-
ally captured it.
In 1886, during the war for the in-
dependence of Texas, a small garrison
of some 180 determined Texans and
Americans held on overwhelming num-
ber of Mexicans at bay during a bom-
bardment which lasted almost contin-
uously for twelve bloody days. Al-
though driven back repeatedly and
with appalling losses, the Mexicans
finally succeeded in making a breech
in the wall, clambered over the par-
apet and by desperate hand-to-hand
fighting gained possession only after
all but five of the Texans were kill-
ed. These were taken prisoners and
later executed.
Later on, the name Alamo was | $1
Solution to Last Week’s Puzzle.
: Y Oo
adopted. “Remember the Alamo” be-
came a war cry. The determined Tex-
ans captured the Mexican general and
won independence.
Today. this aged, battle-scarred mis-
sion which stands much as it appear-
ed at the close of the final struggle, is
used as a museum of house early-day
relics and records of Texas and has
been referred to as the Thermopolae
of America and stands out as one of
the monuments of American history.
Through Tail of Comet
Earth to Pass
: in June.
~The Pons-Winnecke comet, which
caused a furore in 1921 because of its
proximity to the earth, will make. a
closer:visit next June, when'it again
will appear at a distance of 4,500,000
miles from the earth. This is the
closest approach to the earth by a
comet ever recorded. When the Pons-
Winnecke traveler was visible in 1921
many people prepared for the end be-
cause of reports that gases from the
comet’s tail’ would wipe out all life on
earth. :
Prof. Harvey B. Lemon of the Uni-
versity of Chicago announced yester-
day, that after three years of research
he finds traces of a deadly gas in the
tails of two comets, the Daniels and
Morehouse, which made their appear-
ances two decades ago.
~The Pons-Winnecke comet will come
so close to the earth next June that
the earth will pass through its tail,
according to the announcement to as-
tronomers. Whether carbon monox-
ide gas is present in the tail of this
comet is not known, but Prof. Lemon
says there is no danger.
“Don’t worry,” said Prof. Lemon,
contact with the earth, there would be
ence of a poisonous gas.
me ——— A ————————
Real Estate Transfers.
P. E. Womelsdorf, et al, to Stephen
Rusnak, et ux, tract in Rush Twp.;
Philip R. Rupp, et ux, to Charles C.
Cochran, tract in State College; $10,-
Reuben Jaffee, et ux, to Louis Gran-
opilous, et al, tract in Philipsburg;
Paul H. McGarvey, et ux, to Guy
W. Lyons, et al, tract in Bellefonte;
Martha McKnight, et al, to Alex-
ander Morrison, tract in Benner Twp.;
“Even if the comet's tail does come in |
no harmful results due to the pres- |
s the sum which private individuals in
America loaned to foreign countries
last year. Some of these investments
were wise and some were otherwise.
But every one who invests his money in
this Bank makes a wise investment — both |
safe and profitable.
8 per cent Interest Paid on Savings Accounts
Spring Goods
~ Sale!
With April already here we have made very drastic
reductions on all our Spring Merchandise] #:
75c¢. values in Voilles, Rayons and Flaxons 49¢ B
++. mow per yardat-: . - . .
$2.25 value Crepe de Chene, Georgettes
Messalines and Taffetas, per yd. now
Watch our windows for week end Specials
few of them are
Men's dress and work Shoes $5,00 and $6.00
values now $1.48 per pair.
Curtain Scrims, 60c. values, now .39¢c per yd.
A few of our wonderful Axminster 9x12 Rugs {if
left at $25.00. | i