Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, November 12, 1926, Image 6

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Bellefonte, Pa., November 12, 1926.
{ts Industrial and Educational
Service Spreads Throughout
the United States.
Signs that the United States 1s
awake to the menace of its increasing
accident toll are apparent in the grow-
ing interest in first aid instruction af
offered by experts of the Americar
Red Cross.
Approximately 20,000 juniors and
seniors completed the First Aid course
during the fiscal year, passed rigid
examinations and received Red Cross
First Aid certificates. This repre-
sents an increase of 2,500 over the
preceding year, and this gain is at-
“tributed to the emphasis on health
education by various public bodies in-
-cluding not alone the American Red
Cross and Government agencies, but
life and accident insurance companies,
.and athletic and recreational groups.
In Dallas, Texas, playground super-
risors are required to hold First Aid
~certificates. In many high schools
the subject is included In the regular
-curriculum. In order to assist in
‘training instructors for this phase of
the work, special courses nave been
-conducted in the sum aer schools of
such leading institutions as the Uni-
versity of Maryland and the Univer-
+8ity of Virginia. Instruction was con-
tinued during the year at Loyola Uni-
versity, New Orleans; University of
“California, San Francisco; University
of Kentucky; Temple University,
Philadelphia; Peabody Teachers’ Col-
lege and similar educational centers.
Work with the public utilities group
xmas shown an exceptional increase
«during the year. Classes conducted
‘by fourteen of the associated Bell
“Telephone companies were continued
with increased interest and a number
of the companies sponsored intensive
courses in First Aid for instructors.
The First Aid Instruction Car of the
Red Cross was busy throughout the
year. In the 125 cities visited by the
car 900 meetings were held with an
aggregate attendance of 94,000 per-
Membership of the people in the
American Red Cross makes such
services possible, the annual opportu-
nity of pledging support through mem-
bership being offered in the Roll Call
from November 11 to 25 this year.
Educators Give Junior
Red Cross High Praise
‘Growing recognition by leading ed:
ucators all over the world has been an
achievement of the Junior Red Cross
in the last fiscal year.
Included in those which have taken
especially favorable cognizance of
Junior Red Cross efforts are the
World Federation of Education Asso-
«ciations at Edinburgh, Scotland, in
1925, the Department of Superinten-
dence of the National Education As-
sociation, at Washington, 1526, and
the National Education Association
in Philadelphia, June, 1926. Various
State educational bodies have con.
firmed this approval, the report adds.
As a phase of their work, the Jun:
iors have developed contacts through
exchange of correspondence, with
similar Junior organizations in vir
tually every part of the world, and
through the development of this me-
dium many leaders see a better
chance for world peace in future.
An especially notable developmeni
of Junior organization has occurred
in Porto Rico, with an enrollment of
137,000, and the Philippines, with
More than 5,000,000 American Jun:
iors are at work in this organization
of the American Red Cross. Their
example is held owt by the American
Red Cross during the Tenth Annual
Roll Call for membership, as one for
all Americans to endorse by joining
the parent organization during the
period November 11 to 25 this year.
Red Cross Volunteer
Workers Ever on Duty
* Claim for the oldest volunteer knit-
wier in the country is advanced by the
“Lincoln County Chapter of the Amer-
7ican Red Cross at Wiscasset, Maine.
.She is Mrs. L. A. W. Jackson, who
"keeps busy knitting stockings for the
‘Red Cross to send to destitute chil
dren abroad. The San Pedro, Calif.
Chapter has a close second in a volur
teer knitter 85 years old.
The annual report of the American
Red Cross stresses the service of vol-
unteers. In more than 3,000 Red Cross
Chapters the officers and workers are
They will act as solicitors in the
Tenth Annual Roll Call for members,
which the Red Cross will conduct
from November 11 to 25.
——The Red Cross reports a high
death rate among service men. It is
probably the natural result of bad
management of the curative service.
—Failure to dock and castrate ram
lambs cost sheep raisers millions of
dollars every year.
—Many cattle feeders value silage
for fattening older cattle, but have
doubled its value for calves.
—A plentiful water supply is as
necessary as any other item of food in
the ration of either cow or pig.
—1If one wishes to grow hogs of the
best size and quality, some special
preparation must be made for doing
the work.
—Red clover and alfalfa are the
very best of pasture for hogs and they
are ready for very early use. Rye is
still earlier, but has less grazing
value. .
—High dressing percentages of
hogs holding membership in ton lit-
ters are being reported this fall by
butchers. Evidently ton litters pay
both ways.
—Potato growers who sprayed ef-
ficiently and systematically this year
report that there is no indication of
late blight rot in their potatoes. This
is another proof that work well done
brings a good reward.
—The ewes that are to lamb soon
should be separated from the rest of
the flock and, if it can be convenient-
ly done, each ewe should be kept in a
small pen by herself. After the lambs
are a few days old the ewes with small
lambs may be allowed to run together.
The ewes should be given a small al-
lowance of grain, which may be in-
creased up to about a pound apiece a
day after the lambs become large
enough to consume the milk.
—Tuberculosis is a chronic infec-
tious disease of domestic and wild
birds. It is generally brought into the
poultry yards with fowls that are pur-
chased from infected flocks or with
the eggs of diseased birds that are ob-
tained for hatching. If the disease
exists in neighboring flocks the con-
tagion may be carried by small birds
or animals passing from one yard to
another. A peculiarity of tuberculosis
of birds is that the liver and intestines
are always severely affected.
—It almost always is possible to
grow enough corn for silage, and this
is important in days of hay failure.
A number of agricultural colleges
have carried out tests to find out the
advisability of substituting silage for
hay and the results have been satis-
factory. Silage not only is an excel-
lent substitute for hay, but it is more
economical to feed it, and there is an
increase in the production. It is not
possible to tell exactly the amount
saved by feeding silage, but it is
around 25 per cent. on the feed bill.
Silage also could be substituted for
pasture, and it is profitable to feed it
in summer. Where land is high priced
farmers are feeding silage instead of
keeping the cows on pasture.
—With well-bred sows to farrow
next spring, if large and well develop-
ed pies are expected, the sows must
be fed “om such foods as will make a
well balanced ration.
If hog cholera breaks out in the
neighborhood, farmers whose hogs are
not affected should maintain a strict
quarantine against the infected herds.
It is important that they refrain from
visiting farms where the diseased
hogs are located. They should also in-
sist that their neighbors stay out of
their hog lots, since the hog-cholera
virus may be carried on the shoes of
humans. The infection may be car:
ried from farm to farm by moving an-
mals such as dogs or by movable ob-
jects such as farm implements. There-
fore, the spreading of the disease
should be guarded against as far as
possible. The most dependable pre-
cautionary measure against the dis-
ease, however, is immunization of the
herd with anti-hog-cholera serum.
—Why and how salt should be used
for grazing animals is told in a new
publication, “The Use of Salt in
Range Management,” just issued by
the United States Department of
The authors, W. R. Chapline and M.
W. Talbot of the forest service have
brought together the results of ex-
perimental work, careful observationa,
and studies of existing practices in
the salting of live stock on western
“With an adequate quantity of
salt,” they say, “grazing animals de-
velop better than they would other-
wise, are more contented, and are
more easily handled. Also, proper
quantity and distribution of salt on
the range go a long way toward con-
trolling the grazing of live stock and
obtaining satisfactory use and main-
tenance of the forage.”
In addition to describing the re-
sults of actual experiments, the book-
let gives many details regarding the
proper salt allowances, kinds and
grades of salt to use, kind and con-
struction of salt containers, and the
principles of adequate range salting
methods for cattle, horses, sheep and
goats. The use of proper salting in
the control, distribution and range
management of cattle is given special
The circular, numbered 379-D, iz
now available free, as long as the sup-
ply lasts, upon application to the
United States Department of Agri-
culture, Washington, D. C., or upon
application to any district of the for-
est service.
Following the exhaustion of the
free supply the pamphlet can be pur-
chased from the superintendent of
public documents, Washington, D. C.,
for 10 cents a copy.
Tattooing of hogs has been found
to be an inexpensive and practical
method of tracing live-stock diseases
and protecting the public against im-
pure meats, according to the United
States Department of Agriculture.
The hogs are tattooed by tapping
them on the back with an instrument
containing a marker made of phono-
graph needles which leaves an indel-
ible impress. When the hogs reach
the market it is easy to identify own-
ers of tubercular stock.
Ar———— Ap
—Subsecribe for the “Watchman.”
Raising Muskrats.
The raiser of muskrats is faced with
the danger of cholera through im-
proper feeding as well as with the
usual danger of fur troubles, such as
mange. If the animals have access
to an old pond with plenty of grasses
and flags in and about it, they will
provide most of their own food, and
be better for it. Their efforts can be
supplemented with any kind of fresh
vegetables, apples, etc. If these are
strictly fresh there will be no cholera
The American fur markets can ab-
sorb in bulk large quantities of farm-
ed ‘rats. In fact for the past ten
years the demand for muskrat pelts
has far exceeded the supply, and there
seems to be no reason why this condi-
tion should not continue.
Muskrats for breeding can be
bought from advertisers in the fur-
riers’ journals, and the animals stand
shipping in their specially built crate
Fur farmers seem to do better when
they do not attempt to raise chickens,
skunks, minks or anything else as a
subsidiary. It is the best judgment
to “put all your eggs in one basket”
and then watch the basket.
The carcasses are an unsolved prob-
lem. It seems a dreadful waste to de-
stroy the animal completely for the
sake of one pelt, but it has to be done,
and what is more, no use can be made
of the carcasses.—Adventure Maga-
zine for October.
Japan Now Second-Rate.
Brussels, Oct. 28—Japan’s posi-
tion as a first rate power has been
world’s leading nations, according to
authoritative sources.
Many British and continental diplo-
mats believe that Japan has reverted
to a second-rate status and point, in
support of their contention, to the dis-
cussion of the British imperial confer-
ence, where less attention than usuzl
has been accorded the question of Pa-
cific Ocean defenses.
Only through penetration of China
can Japan once more attain the front
rank of nations, these authorities be-
lieve, and say that years must elapse
before such an eventuality.
is that Japan has been unable to keep
questioned of late by many of the |
The underlying tenet of such views :
in step with the world’s commercial
progress. Trade depression and finan-
cial crises followed a period of over-
expansion in industry, the critics said
and the great earthquake of Septem-
ber, 1923, was another blow.
i ————— fp ——————
Trapping Muskrats in Michigan.
The best place to trap muskrats in
Michigan is at Shingleton, on Lake
Superior. There are many trappers
in the field, however, and the new-
comer will find plenty of competition,
and can rest assured that he will not
make very big catches. It would be
well to go at least a month or so in
advance of the open season and look
the ground over.
It is not hard to find a vacant cabin
for use, one twelve by fourteen is big
enough. Most of the time snowshoes
are necessary, and for general going
shoepacks are necessary.
A hundred traps would be a big out-
fit, fifty should be enough. And one
who is a good hand at making dead-
falls will get along like a regular
trapper with a heap less to pack in.—
Adventure Magazine for October.
rr ——— A en —————
103,894 Inspect Battle Ground.
Guides have conducted 103,894 tour-
ists over the historical battlefield at
Gettysburg, Pa., in the
months, according to estimations made
public on Tuesday. Only in the past
six months have the guides been re-
quired to keep a record of the visitors
to the field. The figures were for the
period ending October 1.
Actual figures showed that the
guides conducted one out of every six
tourists who visited the field, as it is
estimated that 727,258 tourists visit-
ed the battlefield during the six
—————— MT ———— pss,
Driving in Future.
According to highway engineers,
| roads 25 years hence will be a mini-
mum of 120 feet in width. They will
| be well lighted at night and policed ;
| by stop-and-go signals.
| All railroad grade crossings will be
{ eliminated by a separation of grades.
i The highways will be beautified by the
! planting of trees and shrubbery in the
| parkway.
Speed limits will be fixed at a min-
imum rather than a maximum.
But the telephone scientist has taken all those wires, com-
pletely insulated each, grouped them together, and covered
them with a protective lead sheath.
Then either buried them underground, or placed them on
short, sturdy poles.
And made them “talk,” without interference—which only
open wires could previously do.
Huge cables now reach the length of the state, and beyond.
They are constantly being extended. And this extension pre-
sents new and continuously more complex transmission
But new discoveries, new inventions, new equipment are
keeping pace—are making possible a storm-proof, trouble-free
.- service, continuously more extensive and efficient.
past six!
line of poles
400 feet high supporting
2.400 Separate wires! —
It’s A smaLL cry that would not have such a pole line—or
several of them—had the telephone cable not been perfected.
What is Old Age?
What is it that brings about old
age? Is it the passage of days and
years? Not necessarily. For we find
old men at 50, and young men at 60.
A man begins to grow old when he be-
gins to look backward instead of for-
ward, when he begins to review in-
stead of to plan, when he begins to re-
count what he has achieved instead of
seeking still to achieve, when he sees
his greatest task already done, his
best thoughts already felt, his aspira-
tions already realized. He is still a
voung man if he retains the essence of
youth—the power of looking forward.
Bonds of All Kinds
Hugh M. Quigley
Successor to H. E. FENLON
Temple Court BELLEFONTE, PA.
A Real Diamond
for cA ‘Real Christmas