Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, February 12, 1926, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    CO —
Bema itd,
Bellefonte, Pa., February 12, 1926.
“It is nothing to me,” the beauty said,
With a careless toss of her pretty head;
“The man is weak, if he can’t refrain,
From the cup you say is fraught with
It was something to her in after years,
When her eyes were drenched with burn-
ing tears,
As she watched in lonely grief and dread,
And startled to hear a staggering tread.
“It is nothing to me,” the mother said,
“I have no fear that my boy will tread
The downward road of sin and shame,
And crush my heart and darken his
name.” 3
It was something to her when her only son,
From the path of right was early won,
And madly cast in the flaming bowl
A ruined body and ship-wrecked soul.
“It is nothing to me,” the merchant said,
As over the ledger he bent his head;
“I'm busy to-day with the tare and tret,
And have no time to fume and fret.”
It was something to him when over the
A message came from the funeral pyre—
A drunken conductor had wrecked the
And his wife and child were among the
“It is nothing to me,” the young man cried,
In his eye was a flash of scorn and pride;
“I heed not the dreadful things ye tell
I can rule myself I know full well!”
"Twas something to him when in prison he
The victim of drink, life ebbing away;
As he thought of his wrecked .child and
And the mournful wreck of his wasted
“It is nothing to me,” the voter said;
“The party’s loss is my greatest dread—''
Gave his vote to the liquor trade,
Though hearts were crushed and drunk-
ards made.
It was something to him in after life,
When his daughter became a drunkard’s
And her hungry children cried for bread,
And trembled to hear their father's tread.
Is it nothing for us to idly sleep,
While the cohorts of death their vigils
Alluring the young and thoughtless in—
And grind in our midst a grist of sin?
It is something—yes all for us to stand,
And clasp by faith our Savior’s hand—
To learn to labor live and fight,
On the side of God and changeless right.
—Francis E. W. Harper.
The driver who persists in operat-
ing his motor car at high speed may
elude constables and police, says a
writer in the Farm and Fireside, but
he cannot escape from the penalties
which natural mechanical laws levy
upon his car. Here are ten reasons
why it is expensive, dangerous and
inconsiderate of others to speed.
Tires last about twice as long on a
car that is driven at 15 miles an hour
as upon cars driven at 30 miles an
hour. Speeding generates heat, which
is an enemy to rubber.
Driving a car around a sharp corner
at 25 miles an hour does more dam-
age to the tires than 200 miles of
straight road work. Excessive side
pressure on the tires may pinch the
tubes, and it always strains the side
walls of the casings.
High speeds are likely to cause skid-
ing and breakage of springs and
steering gear, any of which are dan-
gerous when speeding.
In proportion to the mileage ob-
tained, high speeds require more gas-
oline and oil than a moderate rate of
Driving a car at excessive speed,
especially over rough roads, subjects
the bearings to enormous strains.
High speed may cause crystalliza-
tion of rapidly moving metal parts
that are subject to strain, and these
may break at any time without warn-
High speeds interfere with the ac-
curacy of steering, as is shown by the
number of reckless drivers who have
gone over banks and into ditches, es-
pecially on curves.
It is a strain on the eyes and on the
nerves of the driver and also of the
other passengers in the car.
Finally, it is a menace to the pleas-
ure and safety of others who use the
The majority of modern motor cars
develop their maximum efficiency with
lowest expense at speeds ranging from
15 to 25 miles an hour, depending on
Bie make of car and conditions of the
“Serious damage is done to many
automobiles during the winter season
by drivers who do not know how to
warm up the motor,” says a bulletin
issued by the mechanical first aid
department of the Chicago Motor
club. When the thermometer starts
to drop the oil congeals, and cannot
circulate properly. If the driver at-
tempts to warm his engine by rac-
ing the motor, the thin film of oil is
likely to be burned off, and burned
out bearings may be the result of this
common practice.
“When the engine is being raced,
the fan is being driven at a high rate
of speed which tends to cool the en-
gine, rather than to heat it. The en-
gine should be run slowly with the
spark retarded. A retarded spark
tends to heat the engine quickly. Use
the choke or the primer to keep the
engine from stalling.”
The most important precaution to
take in operating a motor car during
the winter is to avoid loss of fuel and
injury to the engine through the im-
proper co-ordination between the ra-
diator shutter and the radiator heat
Many drivers keep their shutters
closed too long in winter driving be-
cause they neglect to observe the
radiator cap. This lack of co-ordina-
tion causes overheating of the eagine,
as easily possible in the winter as in
the summer months, with its conse-
quent wastage of fuel and loss of
fuel and loss of power. :
On the other hand, if too little of
the radiator is covered, the engine will |
be too cool and there will be resultant
poor carburization, gasoline waste,
crankcase dilution and motor carbon-
Steaming, which often indicates
trouble in summer, cannot be detected
easily in winter, as the steam con-
denses as soon as it comes in contact
with the cold air and therefore the
readings of the heat indicator must be .
relied upon.
Amendments to motor-vehicle laws,
in States which have not already re-
vised their codes, to regulate night
driving headlights so that at all times
the motorist is able to see clearly 200
feet ahead instead of forcing the use
of dimmers, characterized as danger-
ous, is urged by the federal bureau
of standards of the Department of
Commerce. Illinois, Ohio, Indiana and
Michigan fall into the group of States !
that compel dimmed lights by passing
motorists on highways,
a practice |
which the bureau scientists condemn :
as dangerous, not alone to the drivers |
but to pedestrians as well. i
The spotlight, excoriated in and
around Chicago, is recommended, with |
proper study of its use. Most of the
eastern States, as well as States west |
of Illinois, including Wisconsin, have ;
adopted this apparently revolutionary |
headlight recommendation. In the!
District of Columbia where it has been !
in effect since May 3, night motor ac- |
cidents have been materially reduced.
Prior to May 8, 57 per cent. of the to- |
tal accidents occurred between dusk !
and dawn. Since adoption of the “am- |
ple driving light” standard with di- |
rected beams instead of dimmed |
lamps, the number has been reduced |
to 23 per cent. .
The whole story, according to E. C.
Crittenden, chief of the electrical di- |
vision of the big government experi- .
ment station, lies in intelligent use of |
modern devices. He makes no choice
between various makes of motor head- |
lights now on the market, one type !
of which uses a plane reflector with |
redirecting lenses, the other eniploy. |
ing a special reflector with lenses that
spread or bend the light rays down-
ward. ”
“For country driving,” says a part
of the bureau’s publication on head- |
lights, “dimming the headlights when '
meeting another car should be dis- !
couraged because of the element of
danger involved. Under normal driv- |
ing conditions the driver's eyes are ad- |
justed for good road illumination.
When the lights are dimmed, suddenly
reducing the road light, a few seconds
must elapse before the eyes can read-
just themselves to the new conditions. |
During these few seconds the driver |
is unable to see clearly and may col- '
lide with the oncoming car, run into
pedestrains walking along the road-
side or get off the road into the ditch.
In addition, the lights on the ap- |
proaching car seem unduly bright be- !
cause no road illumination beyond |
them is available to reduce the con- i
trast with the background.”
Only One Friday The 13th in 1926. |
The 1926 calendar was apparently
made for the benefit of the super- :
stitious—there is only one Friday the
thirteenth in it. As the Black F'ri- |
day does not come until August,
everyone will have plenty of time to
call into play the protecting qual-
ities of rabbit feet and other charms.
A rather mean trick has been
played by the 1926 calendar on those
who look forward to the Fourth of
July as a day away from the office
during the sweltering season.
Of course practically everyone will
have an Independence day free from
toil but—the day comes on Sunday.
Since everyone will have stayed away
from the office or factory on Sunday
anyway, it means that the public gets
cheated out of a holiday. Of course,
employers may declare a holiday Sat-
urday or Monday for the celebration
of the glorious Fourth.
Christmas in 1926, therefore New
Year's day, too—comes on Saturday.
This will be good news for most
people who find the annual visit of
Santa so strenuous that a whole day
in which to rest up is most welcomed.
Of course, the Christmas holiday
provision in this calendar is not as
good as the last one, when Christmas
fell on Friday and most people were
given Saturday and Sunday to re-
But there is some compensation in
the fact that the next New Year's eve
falls on Friday. In view of the fact
that Saturday is half a holiday for
most of the factory people the year
around, those who imbibe too freely
of ginger ale or inadvertently guzzle
some bad seltzer water the night be-
fore will only have to suffer until
Washington’s birthday comes on
Monday this year which will extend
the week-end for many who are giv-
en a holiday. :
Good Friday comes on April 2 and
Easter Sunday on April 4. Memorial
day comes on Sunday, May 30, which
will no doubt be observed on Monday
following. Labor day is set for Mon-
day, Sept. 6 and Columbus day falls
on Tuesday, Oct. 12.
Headlight Glasses Must Be Kept in
Right Place.
Some of the light diffusers or de-
vices designed to redirect the rays of
light, are designed to be effective only
when in a certain fixed position. Vi-
bration may so loosen the glass in the
rim that the glass will be permited to
creep around, in which case the whole
scheme fails. Not all headlights have
means for anchoring the glass perma-
nently, so it is a matter for the own-
er’s attention to see ‘that the glasses
are properly fastened in place. If
screws are used it might do to insert a
lock washer under each one.
eAbraham Lincoln
This man whose homely face you look
Was one of Nature’s masterful, great
Born with strong arms, that unfought
battles won,
Direct of speech, and cunning with the
Chosen for large designs, he had the art
Of winning with his humor, and he went
Straight to his mark, which was the hu.
man heart; :
Wise, toe, for what he could not break
e bent.
Upon his back a more than Atlas-load,
The fuiden of the Commonwealth, was
He stooped, and rose up to it, though
the roa
Shot suddenly downward, not a whit
Hold, warriors, councillors, kings!
All now give place
To this dead Benefactor of the race!
—Richard Henry Stoddard: a
Lincoln’s Faith in
American Principles
Never Lost Sight of Truth
in Declaration of
Lincoln invoked the Declaration of
Independence in his efforts to check
the spread of slavery, but just as
those who framed it uttered a maxim
intended for all time, when merely
seeking separation from Britain, so
Lincoln reiterated an eternal and
universal trmth, and believed in it
as such, Judge Charles C. Simons
writes, in the Detroit News.
“I had thought the Declaration con-
templated the progressive improve-
ment in the condition of all men
everywhere,” he said. And he knew
that it would outlive the death of
slavery, just as the framers intend-
ed it should outlive their successful
separation from Britain.
He closed his Springfield speech
with this stirring appeal, after read-
ing the Declaration with the Doug-
las interpolation: “Are you willing
that the Declaration should thus be
frittered away?—thus left no more,
at most, than an interesting memento
of the dead past?—thus shorn of its
vitality and practical value, and left
without the germ or even the sug-
gestion of the individual rights of
man in it?”
Three years later, on Washington's
birthday, Lincoln, President-elect,
stood in Independence hall, Philadel-
phia, on his way to the Inauguration
at Washington. Doesn't it, somehow,
stir the blood and fire the imagination
to think of Lincoln on the spot where
the immortal Declaration was given
to the world? “I have often inquired
of myself,” he sald there, “what great
principle or idea it was that kept
this Confederacy so long together, It
was not the mere matter of separa-
tion of the colonies from the mother-
land, but that sentiment in the Dec-
laration of Independence which gave
liberty not alone to the people of
this country, but hope to all the
world, for all future time.”
Falth Again Voiced.
Speaking to the soldiers of an Ohio
regiment toward the close of the war,
Lincoln again volced his faith in the
American principle. “It is in order
that each of you may have, through |
this free government which we have
enjoyed, an open field and a fair
chance for your industry, enterprise
and intelligence, that you may all
have egusal privileges in the race of
life, with all its desirable human as-
pirations. It Is for this the struggle
should be maintained, that we may
pot lose our birthright.”
The -world “is full of strange con-
trasts and anomalies. It was a cu-
Gettysburg -
yf our secre » rr ago our an
conceived in liberty and dedicated to the
proposition that all men are created equal. i;
testing whether that nation or any nation so
conceived and so dedicated can long endure. 3
We are met on a great battlefield of that ¥
war. We have come to dedicate a portion
of that field as a final resting place for those
who here gave their lives that that nation
might live. lt 1s altogether fitting and proper
that we should do this. But in a larger sense
we can not dedicate—we can not conse. :
crate—we can not hallow —this ground.
The brave men living and dead who strug-
gled here have consecrated it far above our
poor power to add or detract. The world will
little note nor long remember what we say
here but nt can never forget what they did
here. It 1s for us, the living, rather to be dedi
cated here to the unfinished work which
: they who fought here have thus far so nobly
advanced Its rather for us to be here dedi-
cated 10 the great task remaining before us—
that from these honored dead we take in-
creased devotion to that cause for which
they gave the last full measure of devotion—
that we here highly resolve that these dead
shall not have died in vain—that this nation
under God shall have a new birth of free-
dom—and that.government of the people,
i by the people, for the people shall not perish i
: from the earth.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war :
rious thing that the gentle, kinary,
humane Lincoin should be called on
to lead the nation in the greatest
fratricidal war of history. It is a
curious thing that today when pas-
sion, and prejudice and hate seem to
But there is hope In it. It may
yet be that human nature will vi-
brate to the music of that passage
which closes the first inaugural,
“We are not enemies, but friends.
We must not he enemies. Though
passion may have strained, it must
not break our bonds of affection. The
mystic chords of memory stretching
from every battlefield and patriot
grave to every living heart and
hearthstone all over this broad land.
will yet swell the chorus of the Union,
when again touched, as surely they
will be, by the better angels of our
nature.” . oi :
Difficult to Recognize.
It is only when we understand the
true character of our government,
and why it was so organized and so
established that we are able to rec-
ognize those projects which, in them-
selves seemingly wise, may when
fairly considered be seen to destroy
the harmony and threaten the in-
tegrity of the whole fabric. We some-
times fail to recognize in those things
which seem to promise enlargement
of liberty, things which in reality
must result in curtailment of liberty.
I have myself on occasion failed to
recognize them, and so perhaps you
Not wholly has the original scheme
of limitations. checks and balances
been preserved. The electoral college
in its original form was early swept
aside. Perhaps wisely so. The differ-
rule humanity, there should be |
a world-wide revival of interest |
in Lincoln. !
Here before the fire's glow I would pen a
In the nicest way I know, to my Valen-
I would see her matchless eyes, sparkling
now with glee,
Shadowed now like April skies clouded
And her dainty little mouth, with its kiss
as light
As a zephyr from the south on a sum-
mer’s night.
Ah, her greeting when we meet! her con-
fiding hand
Placed in mine with trust so sweet says,
“We understand.”
Now a secret she must share and a golden
O'er my cheek as air, leaves a soft caress.
Then she whispers in my ear words I love
full well.
Words all lovers yearn to hear—but I
mustn't tell.
Playmate, comrade, sweetheart true little
Pal o'Mine,
Let me, if you think I'll do, be your
ilere I pen this closing line and the secret’s
for, you see, my Valentine is but four
years old!
—Ryley Ryck.
St. Valentine’s Day without a party
is like soup without salt, and especial-
ily as this gay feast is such an easy
day for entertaining. Hearts and
; cupids, valentines and fortunes all of-
i fer entertainment ready made, but
nevertheless the true hostess tries to
make her party different. She will
start with the invitation, cutting it
like a little heart with a barred door,
» which is easily opened to show the in-
‘ vitation written inside.
Cut it from stiff red paper, folding
the paper over so the edges meet in
, the center and the folded piece meas-
ures about three inches across. Draw
‘over this folded paper a heart, letting
the edges which meet run down the
center of the heart. Don’t cut the
folded edges entirely away, because
you want the two little doors to swing
open on them for hinges. Make dou-
ble slits at each side of the doors at the
center and through them slip a little
arrow cut from gold paper. Inside
write the following verse:
Here’s an invitation hearty
To a fun-loving friend,
For a Valentine party,
And I hope that you'll attend.
The house can be made attractive
with strings of red hearts cut from
red cardboard and of all sizes. Tie
them on red string and hang them
from chandeliers and like portieres in
When the guests arrive start the
fun by telling a story of a broken
heart, which someone left lying in the
rooms in which the crowd is being en-
tertained. This will be a huge red
heart which has been cut into many
pieces, like a jigsaw puzzle and ‘the
pieces hidden about the fooms. Make
a_duplicate ' of the cut-up heart on
white muslin, but instead of cutting
the muslin to pieces, draw out the
Jigsaw puzzle upon it with pencil or
ink. Tie this muslin tight over a cara
table, and the game will be for the
guests to not only hunt the pieces of
the broken heart, but to “mend it” by
fitting each piece as it is found into
the market-out muslin heart on the
table. This complicates the search
and makes lots of fun. There should
be a referee at the table to give a point
to each guest as he fits his piece into
the puzzle, and to see that he does it
correctly, too. The guest who has
the most pieces by the time the game
is completed gets a prize, a heart-
shaped box of candy. The booby prize
could be a tube of glue.
A good stunt that will put every-
one in a good humor and break the
ice, if the mended heart has not al-
ready done so, is to clear a long space
, down the rooms or hall, and lay out
jon the floor at equal distances from
each other, say about a foot apart, a
{row of red hearts. Now, each guest
‘may take a turn at the “Heart Hop.”
| He must hold his right foot with his
t left hand and hop down the row, pick-
ing up each heart from the floor.
entiation between the two houses of
congress by which they were to act
as checks, one upon the other, has
been partially obliterated by the
popular election of senators. The
representative organization of po-
litical parties, which while not cre-
ated by the Constitution, owes its
development to the representative
system of the Constitution, has been |
almost wholly destroyed. I am not
suggesting that any one of these basic
changes is In itself vital, and be-
sides they involve political con-
troversies into which I do not care
to enter—but I am indicating a tend- |
ency in respect to the checks and
imitations of the Constitution which
it is well for us to consider, especial-
ly when self interest and patriotism
so happily combine to urge on us
the perpetuation of the Constitution
in the spirit of its founders.
Burial place of the great President,
: Lover’s lane.
‘an Oak Ridge cemetery, Springfield, 111.
Every time he tumbles over, losing
his balance, he is penalized by being
put back one heart, and after five
penalties he is out of the game. The
first prize for this might be a book of
love poems and the booby a tiny vial
of smelling salts.
On the same order is the stroll down
For this the ankles of
a man and a girl are tied together
with a handkerchief as for a three-
legged race, and they are allowed to
go arm in arm down the lane marked
out by red paper tapes. There are ob-
stacles in the path, such as going over
a stile (two chairs overturned with the
backs uppermost and just touching),
crossing a brook (marked out by red
paper tapes with several hearts num-
bered 1, 2, 3, 4, for stepping stones to
be stepped on in succession)’ and re-
ceiving father’s blessing, which is
kneeling together on a cushion, from
which they must rise gracefully. The
pair who reach the end without any
mishaps or with the least receives as
prizes a pair of Wallace Nutting
prints of a country lane.
So much for the entertainment,
and now for the table decorations and
eats. Even if you serve your supper
in buffet style you will want a pretty
table. Cover the table with a white
cloth and drape festoons of hearts
around the sides. Drape more hearts
from the chandelier to the corners of
the table. For the center piece make
an old-fashioned valentine by laying
out a square or oblong piece of pink
tissue paper and bordering it with
paper lace cut from shelf paper. Now
on each side paste or pin large color-
ed bunches of flowers. cut from mag-
azines of flower catalogues and at one
end put a huge bow of blue crepe pa-
per ribbon. In the center place a bust
of Cupid or Kewpie dressed up with
a gold quiver and arrows, or a low
bowl of pink roses would be pretty
with a Cupid peeping out of it.
In your supper menu follow the reg-
ulation Valentine scheme, with pink
salad, ices and punch, heart-shaped
cakes and sandwiches.
—Keep calves and young stock
growing and in a thrifty condition.
Their future usefulness depends. large-
ly upon present care.
—Palms, ferns, ete., should be re-
potted now. Other potted vlants
should be top-dressed. These plants
start into very active growth at this
—A large number of Pennsylvania
farmers picked their best litters for
the 1925 Keystone Ton Litter Club.
One hundred and twenty-one were
successful. Will your name be among
the 1926 members ?
—While trees and shrubs are dor-
mant caterpillar nests and eggs mas-
ses of various insects may be &een
readily. Burn the nests with a torch
of kerosene soaked rags, and paint
the egg masses with a solution of
_—Order early the trees, shrubs,
vines, and perennials that you desire
to plant next spring. Give the
nurseryman a definite date to make
umment so that the plants will ar-
rive a e exact time when g
best care for them. You an
—If you have a single purebred
breed which has been aed Da
out the year so that the best egg-pro-
ducing birds are left for breeders, it
is advisable to hatch your own chicks.
If these conditions do not exist, buy-
ing chicks from a reliable breeder or
hatchery is better.
~ —Have you: tested for germination
the seed that you are planting in the
hotbed? This is a safe and wise
Practice advised by Pennsylvania
State College Specialists, and will
avoid the waste of space and the dis-
appointments that come from thinly
planting seed of low vitality. 7
—Don’t let the milk and cream
freeze. The creaming ability of milk
1s Injured by freezing and it is qif-
ficult to get a good test with frozen
milk. It is also difficult to accurate-
ly test cream which has been frozen.
It makes poorer butter because of the
partial _ destruction of fat globules.
There is also considerable loss in
weight when milk freezes due to not
being able to get all of it out of the
Wool has been sold co-operative-
ly by farmers and ranchers in the
United States for a century or more.
The oldest co-operative wool market-
Ing organization in existence is believ.
ed to be the Putnam County Wool
Growers’ association of Greencastle,
Ind. Farmers in that locality have
been selling wool co-operatively since
1885. There is little doubt, according
to the Department of Agriculture,
that the beginning of co-operative
wool marketing in this country dates
back considerably farther than the
available records go.
Nevertheless the largest growth in
the wool, co-operative movement has
taken place in the last six years.
There (was but little increasé. in the
number- of wool co-operative associa
tions in the ten years prior to 1919,
Since that year, however, the number
has more than doubled. Moreover,
about 75 per cent. of the wool handled
co-operatively in 1924 was handled by
regional or state-wide organizations.
Twenty-two associations of this type.
operating in 22 States, handled nearly
12,500,000 pounds of wool in 1924.
Their total membership was in the
neighborhood of 30,000.
Co-operative handling of wool is fa-
cilitated by the fact that the commod-
ity is practically nonperishable. An-
other advantage is that wool selling is
not a complicated business. Some-
times a single sale will dispose of a
year’s output for a large number of
wool growers. These features of the
crop have often enabled wool growers
to co-operate in marketing without
any formal organization, and without
any large amount of capital. Local
wool co-operatives have frequently
followed this method. In recent years,
however, the rise of state and region-
al associations has called for a great-
er measure of formal organization,
says the Department of Agriculture.
Fairly comprehensive data have
just been compiled by the department
regarding active wool marketing asso-
ciations in all parts of the United
States. It has detailed reports from
68 organizations located in 32 States.
Twenty-seven of these associations
are independent locals. Twenty-two
are regional or state-wide pools, one
is a sales agency doing a national
business, eleven are associations that
handle wool only incidentally, and
seven are educational or service or-
ganizations. While this list may not
include all the active wool co-opera-
tives in the country, it is believed to
represent considerably more than 80
per cent. of all the co-operative busi-
ness done in wool.
Eighteen of the twenty-seven inde-
pendent local co-operative associations
have been organized since 1916. Near-
ly 4,000,000 pounds of wool were han-
dled in 1924 by the twenty-seven inde-
pendent associations. Ohio has more
wool producers in co-operative asso-
ciations than any other State. Oregon
holds the second place in this respect,
and Indiana, South Dakota, New York,
Tennessee and West Virginia follow
in the order given. Five regional as-
sociations in 1924 each had a mem-
bership exceeding 1,500. The other
associations of this type had member-
ships of less than 1,500. Wool co-
operative associations in 29 States
handled 16,323,594 pounds of wool in
1924, compared with 19,647,861 pounds
in 1923 and 10,922,700 pounds in 1922.
Evidence of the extent to which
wool co-operation has been consoli-
dated in recent years is given by the
fact that 68 per cent. of the total
quantity of wool handled co-operative-
ly in 1924 was handled by seven asso-
ciations. On the other hand, twenty-
two small associations handled only 4
per cent. of the total. The seven asso-
ciations whose operations accounted
for 68 per cent. of the total wool sold
co-operatively each handled more than
500,000 pounds. Thirty-eight other
associatioins handled less than 500,000
pounds each.