Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, February 05, 1926, Image 3

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    Sc ATES AIR CS RSE San RR amily
Bellefonte, Pa., February 5, 1926.
Ordinary Oil Can
Gave Edison Idea
The cover of the humble coal oil
C supplied the idea for the first
electric lamp socket. Nearly 800,000,
00 standard-size lamps used in the
United States last year were equipped
with a uniform simple socket, the de-
of which was evolved from the
old tin screw-cover of the oil can.
Thomas Edison, in 1880, before the
first electrical central station was
started, experimenting with the
tric lamp, was seeking some means to
¢onnect lamp and electrical circuit.
fhe first socket, operated by a thumb
screw, had no arrangement to pre-
vent the lamp from falling out when
the socket was held upside down. Ac-
iording to the story, one night in 1880,
. Edison was talking on this sub-
ject to some of his assistants. He
a kerosene can on a shelf near
vhere he was sitting. Taking it up and
Prcening its cover, he studied it
or a while and then exclaimed:
“This certainly would make a good
socket for the lamp.”
After experiments, the lamp socket
still in use was decided upon.
As Dad Sees It
“My boy,” said the Billville father
to his literary offspring, “this here so-
called ‘fire of genius,’ is well enough
in the lazy, dreamful summertime, but
when the winter wind is rumbling in
the hollows and cavortin’ round the
Frenchman First to
Use Gasoline Engine
The first attempt to employ gaso-
line as a motive power was made by
a Frenchman, Pierre Ravel, who pat-
ented “a steam generator heated by
mineral oils, to be applied to steam
locomotion on ordinary roads.” Ra-
vel’s engine was fitted to a small car-
riage, and developed three horse
The Franco-German war put an end
to Ravel's experiments for a time, but
years later be built a motor car in
which petroleum was used for the di-
rect generation of motive power. In
1876 Lentz invented a burner by which
a mixture of gasoline and other naph-
thus, called massout, was used as fue!
earliest forms of Incandescent elec- | on steamships.
About the same time gasoline was
used as an illuminant in street lamps,
and later a new use was found for
it in the manufacture of varnish and
oilcloth. Gasoline, amounting to 8 per
cent of the distilled product of the
crude petroleum, continued to be a
drug on the market until the inven-
tion of the gasoline motor, and its
application to automobiles, boats, air-
planes, and hundreds of industria’
Several inventors nelped to inaug-
urate the “Age of Gasoline,” but the
chief of them was George L. Selden
! of Rochester (N. Y.), the father of
frosty hills, it can't hold a tallow can-
dle to cordwood and hard coal. Here's
a new ax that has never cut down a
pine saplin’, or a oak tree, and split
‘em to kindling wood. Suppose you
christen it, and make
blaze? There's no better way to keep
up your college athletic exercises. It
beats an apple a day for downright
good health and spirits.
your sleeves and get busy."—Atlanta
Heavy Earthquake Loss
The most destructive Japanese
earthquake occurred a few minutes
after twelve o'clock, noon, September 1,
1028, the area comprising Tokyo, Yoko-
hama, Yokosuka and other cities and
villages. The first shock was followed
by many others and by fire and tidal
waves. The number of lives lost and
the value of property destroyed will
never be accurately known. Estimates
made several weeks after the catastro-
phe placed the total number of known
dead at 103,000, with 230,000 missing.
Yokohama was almost completely de-
stroyed. The number of foreigners
who lost thelr lives was approximately
100, among whom were several Amerl-
Teachers’ Right to Wed
“Woman teachers must not be dis
missed merely because they are mar-
ried.” This is the gist of a decision
recently rendered in a test case
prought in an English court. The
decision is of far-reaching importance.
The plaintiff, Mrs. Ethel Short, has
been an assistant mistress in a council
school in Dorsetshire since 1914. She
married in 1921, and in July, 1924,
ghe and other married women em-
ployed as teachers by the same local
education authority received notice ter-
minating their engagements. The
chancery court decided that the notice
was Invalid, and ordered the corpora-
tion to pay the costs.
Obstructionists Rebuked
Mr. and Mrs. Frank B. Wheeler of
Pine Grove, Pa., were served with an
injunction to prevent them from ly-
ing on a pavement used as a detour.
Believing it to be their private prop-
erty, they took for their motto, “They
shall not pass,” and stretching out on
the street, placed themselves in dan-
ger of being run over, and got on the
nerves of motorists who feared killing
the couple.
Something to Drown It In
The young fellow from Kentucky
walked into a studio the other day
for vocal lessons. The folks down
home thought he had a voice and all
that he needed was training. The
teacher asked him to sing.
Without accompaniment he started
in on “Yes, We Have No Bananas.”
‘And the bananas were higher than na-
‘ture or a musician intended them to be.
The teacher giggled In spite of her-
gelf. “I need a piano to lead my
voice,” the youth suggested.
“Yes, or a bass drum to drown it,”
the teacher added, but to herself.—In-
dlanapolis News.
Luxurious Modern Travel
The Flying Scotsman, one of the de
luxe trains running out of London,
England, now has an electric galley
dn its dining car. In this traveling
kitchen there are an electric range
and several other electric cooking ap-
pliances. The electricity utilized in
‘this unique gallery Is provided by a
generator that is connected to the
wheels beneath the dining car. Also
there are storage batteries which pro-
wide electricity when the dining car is
standing still.
Street for Heroes
After learning that three Winnipeg
men, who earned the Victoria cross
during the World war, lived on the
game etreet, within a biock of each
other, “he city has decided ‘o change
the name of the street te Va.or road.
So roll up : temperature of the winter occurs fully
the chimney '
the automobile.—Chicago Journal.
Equinox Affected by
Heating Power of Sun
The autumnal equinox is warmer,
not colder, than the vernal In prac-
tically all of the continental United
States and other places of middle to
high latitudes. The reason for this Is
that the temperature conditions at
any locality always lag behind the
changing amounts of heat received by
the locality from the sun in the course
of its annual journey from winter
solstice and return. In New Jersey, for
example, the heating effect of the sun- |
shine is at a minimum on Decem-
: ber 22 of each year, but the lowest
a month later, on January 25. The
greatest solar heating occurs at the
summer solstice, June 22, but the high-
est average temperatures fall about
the end of July. The autumnal equi-
nox, September 21, occurs, therefore,
only about five days after the highest
temperatures of the year, whereas the
vernal equinox, March 21, is separated
from the time of highest by fully 130
days, and Is separated only about 50
days from the coldest period of the
Aerial Supports
The Loomis Radlo college says that,
while It is generally belleved that iron
in the vicinity of an aerial absorbs
some of the energy, iron supports are
frequently employed for this purpose
on account of their mechanical ad-
vantages. Observe the latticed steel
towers used by all the large broadcast-
ing stations, where receivers are also
fnstalled as required by law. The
aerial should be well insulated from
the iron pole and swung a few feet
away from it by a stout rope. The
other aerials should run as nearly as
possible at right angles to each other.
If they are one above the other in the
same direction they will rob each
other quite noticeably.
Not Qualified
Willie, who was nearly five, and his
mother were sitting at home one night.
At the table his sister, aged seven, was
doing her home work, Suddenly moth-
er looked up and saw Willie watching
his sister.
“Well, Willle,” she said, “it will not
pe long before you will have to go to
“Oh,” sald Willle, “it's no use send-
ng me to school I”
“How is that?” asked his mother.
“What's the use of sending me to
school?” exclaimed Willie. “I don't
know anything and I can’t read or
Life of a Sponge
The separate existence of a sponge
pegins with the breaking away from
the parent of a tiny particle. The lat-
ter, after being whipped about for a
time by tides and currents, eventually
attaches itself to a plece of rock, and
from that home it seeks its own livell-
hood, says Natural Science. The food
of infant sponges consists of yolk
cells, which contain a form of nour-
{shment. Later, as the sponge grows,
it requires something more solid, and
this 1s brought by the currents, which
sweep into a bag—half mouth, half
stomach—minute particles of the new
First Iron Vessels
it is not recorded who first discov-
sred that an iron vessel would float as
easily as a wooden one. Itis recorded
that an iron boat was built and
launched on the River Foss, in York-
shire, England, as early as 1777, but
the date of the invention of iron as a
recognized materiai for ship construc-
tion is often given as 1818, when the
lighter Vulcan was built on the Monk-
land canal, near Glasgow, Scotland.
Californic’s Capital
Before being admitted as a state
che capital of Cailfornia was Mon:
terey, alternately with Los Angeles.
Monterey was the capital from 1840 to
1845, Los Angeles from 1845 to 1847.
Monterey was again the capital from
1847 until California was admitted as
a new state. In 1849 Sacramento of-
fered $1,000,000 for the honor of be-
coming the state capital, and became
officially recognized as such in 1854
Hes Complete History
of Spanish Mantilla
At last I have found the trail, Fran-
cls Miltoun exclaims, in exultant
mood, in the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Some years ago browsing in the ar-
chives of Palma in the Island of Ma-
jorca I came across a document which
professed to give the history of the
Spanish mantilla. Lately it turned up
again among a mass of notes. The
Spanish mantilla was originally a
mark of shame for the femininity of
loose morals of the day, a day away
back before Goya and the Spanish
painters took it out of its class and
made it an appurtenance of the dress
of the ladies of the court.
Originally the mantilla crossed its
rather straggly ends of the time down
over the breast in the form of a letter
A. These bretelles were red. One
wonders 1f Hawthorne ever knew this.
There's the plot ready made. One
and another of most modern and an-
clent writers went and took what they
wanted where they found it, a proce-
dure which is ethically legitimate up
“to a certain point.
It should be remembered that tle
mantilla of today resembles very lit-
tle that of the fairylike Island of Ma-
jorca, where the sun ever shines and
the thermometer never falls very low.
By a process of development it came
to be what it is, but it was always a
_ headdress. I put it that way, not be-
ing a fashion writer, but I vouch for
the rest of the statement as supported
by documentary evidence and only re-
count it here by the possibility of be-
ing able to drag in Hawthorne. That
{ happens to be vivid in my mind be-
cause in my youth I once lived across
the street from the House of Seven
Gables. How the circles do cut in on
one another, like those of the plane-
tary system!
Herring Is Bread
What is to become of the people
who live on the islands of the Zuyder
zee in Holland when that sea be-
comes dry land? Pierre Van Paassen
asks, in the Atlanta Constitution. As
far back as human memory goes these
people have been fishers. The sea is
in their blood. “Herring is bread,” as
they say themselves. From their very
youth their whole life is directed to-
ward the sea. “Only idiots and fools
stay on dry land,” a wrinkled old
skipper told us once. The little
gamins In their wide trousers can
hardly walk when they fashion a ship
out of an old wooden shoe, fix it up
| with rudder and sail and float it on
i the ditch. When they come from
school they first must see the harbor.
Is there a trawler running in or a tug-
. boat they shout: “Did you see fa-
ther?” and “How much of a catch did
' he have?’ Fish and the Calvinist
| sermons of the pastor are their life
and breath. The Dutch government,
it is said, will compensate them. Ney-
theless it all means the end of a ple-
| turesque race. And it will be just as
! hard tc make landlubbers out of these
children of the sea as it is for Russia
to make Jewish merchants into farm-
ers in Crimea.
To supply trained engineers, espe-
| clally for the automobile, motorcycle
{ and bicycle industries, a technical col-
| lege will be established at Wolver-
| hampton, England. The total cost of
construction will be about $600,000, of
which one-third is to be paid by the
county of Stafford and the remaining
two-thirds by the city of Wolverhamp-
The buildings will be divided into
dve sections: (1) general and admin-
istrative, (2) biology, (3) commercial,
(4) domestic, and (5) technical com-
prising engineering production with
workshops and drawing offices, mate-
rial section, including chemistry, met-
allurgy, and general science subjects,
mechanical and electrical engineering,
and building construction.
It is intended to make provision for
evening as well as day students.
College for Engineers
Bromine From Sea Water
The strangest ship that ever sailed
¢he seas left Wilmington, Del., recent-
ly on one of the strangest voyages that
ever a ship sailed. This ship, called
the Ethyl, is in reality a great float-
ing chemical laboratory, equipped to
extract the element bromine from sea
water. 7
Bromine is a raw material useful in
medicine, in photography and motion
pictures, and in the manufacture of
the ethyl fluid used in motor fuel
Through the last use of the world’s
supply the chemical has become great-
ly depleted, and the voyage of the
Ethyl is the first step in an elaborate
plan to find other sources of supply.
Monster Steam Boiler
The largest steam boiler in the world
:8 being put in in Pittsburgh, Pa. by
a heating company. There are six
miles of four-inch steel tubing in the
heating and condensing apparatus,
with a heating surface of about three-
fourths of an acre. The boller is
rated at 3,000 horse-power by the or-
dinary system of rating, but is capable
of operating continuously at three
times this capacity and for short
periods at four times this rate. When
at full load it evaporates 200 tons of
water an hour.
Trains Negro Preachers
Bach summer for seven years a
negro preachers’ institute has been
held at Bettis academy, in the sand
hill country of western South Caro-
ina. Last year’s attendance included
800 preachers and 180 teachers, and
they spent four days in intensive sub-
jects, under the leadership of Dr.
James H. Dillard, president of the
Jeanes and Slater funds.
Received too late for last week.
Mrs. Samuel Shoop spent last week
with her sister in McVeytown.
Mrs. Wetzel spent Saturday and
Sunday with her husband at the H. E.
Fye home.
Prof. Wetzel was forced to take a
short vacation from his school work
because of illness.
_ Mr. and Mrs. “Jack” Smith moved
into the MecClenahan property on
Church St., on Friday.
Mr. and Mrs. Lyman L. Smith went
to Florida last week. They will prob-
ably remain there until late Spring.
A daughter weighing seven and
one half pounds came to the home of
Nr and Mrs. Harry Potter on Mon-
Mrs. D. K. Keller went to Lewis-
town, on Tuesday evening, with John
Lucas and family, where she will visit
for several days.
’ Mrs. P. R. Campbell, who is spend-
ing several weeks in Florida with her
father, Rev. Wm. Picken, reports hav-
ing a fine time in the sunny South.
Some of those on the sick list are
Mrs. Margaret Smith, Mr. and Mrs.
James Runkle, Mrs. L. J. Burris, and
Mrs. Jerry Stump, Miss Emma Mec-
The Rebekahs had an evening of
entertainment and refreshments for
the members of the lodge and their
families on Tuesday evening. Every-
body reported a good time.
When the news reached here that
a fire had occurred at the Methodist
home for the aged at Tyrone, on Mon-
day night, every one was greatly con-
cerned—especially for the safety of
Auntie Shoop. All the guests were
rescued, however, and taken into
private homes in Tyrone.
Frank Osman, who lived west of
Centre Hall on the Joe. Crotzer farm,
died very suddenly on Tuesday even-
ing, while seated in a chair. He had
made a trip to Centre Hall in the
afternoon and had worked rather
strenuously to break a road from his
house to the main road. Soon after
his return home, he passed away.
Received too late for last week.
Mr. and Mrs. Carl Zong, of Pleas-
ant Gap, were week-end visitors at the
Edward Zong home in this place.
Miss Ruth Martz, who is engaged
| in nursing at the Penn State hospital,
spent Saturday night at her parental
home here.
Among those who have been on the
sick list the past week were Misses
Leon Ferree, Margaret Dale and Bil-
lie Ferree.
Mr. and Mrs. George Burwell, of
Pine Grove Mills, were Sunday guests
at the home of Mrs. Burwell’s moth-
er, Mrs. Mary Houser.
Sections of Alaska Now in Full Boom.
In the resumption of volcanic ac-
tivity in the northwestern part of
North America brought a very radi-
cal change in the temperature of part
of Alaska at Anchorage. Mt. Mec-
Kinley, 20,300 foot peak, has been
very active of late and in connection
with Mt. Shishaldin’s eruption in
November that region of the territory
has been experiencing a spring like
weather and flowers are in bloom and
the usual snowbound landscape has
given way to green vegetation. The
temperature has been hovering about
28 above zero when at this time of the
year it is usually far below zero.
This change is due to the heat
which has been generated by the
activity of the volcanoes and resi-
dents of that part of the country
look toward the continuance of the
temperature for an indefinite length
of time. It is also due to subter-
ranean fires gnawing their way north-
ward and causing a heating of the
ground above. It is thought by a
great many that the former bitter
winters of Alaska are about a thing
of the past through the recent activ-
ity of the volcanoes.—Exchange.
Stack ’em With “Juice.”
Brick stacking by electricity is now
an accomplished fact, a machine hav-
ing been devised which will perform
the work of 20 men in picking the
bricks from conveyor belts and auto-
matically assembling them on dryer
trucks. This is done by mechanical
fingers electrically operated.
tn ———— CT ————
—Perhaps there is, as former Vice-
President Marshall says, “more good
than bad in the world,” but it doesn’t
get on the first page so often.—Phila-
delphia Inquirer.
.=The “Watchman” makes it a bus-
iness to print all the news that’s fit
to print. It’s a home paper.
(a vegetable aperient) taken at
night will help keep you well, by
toning and strengthening your di-
gestion and elimination,
Chaps of
: NR JUNIORS—Little Re
One-third the regular dose. Made
of the same ingredients, then cand:
coated, For children and adults.
| Hunting Accidents Increased Last
- Year.
Preliminary figures announced by
the State Game Commission show 45
fatal and about 200 non-fatal acci-
dents during the hunting season just
past. This is an increase of 7 fatal
and 69 non-fatal accidents over the
season of 1924, but then there was a
corresponding increase in the number
of hunting licenses issued for the past
season. There are, however, too
many accidents, which will no doubt
call for proper legislation within the
future for their advance.
The game killed this year was be-
low the figure set last year, which
would indicate that it is decreasing
at an alarming rate because of the
increase in the number of hunters.
The number of deer killed legally in
the last season was 7,280, and 586
illegal; 6 legal elk and 4 illegal; 470
legal bears and 5 illegal.
Comment from various sportsmen’s
organizations since the hunting sea-
son has come to a close indicates that
quite a number of them favor the
open season for doe deer because of
the scarcity of food and the damage
that they cause to property. F. A.
Myers, superintendent for the game
commission, asserts that no one fa-
miliar with the deer situation in the
State would condemn the doe deer
shooting. He says it is necessary
if there are to be any deer left in the
State. In 1925 during the open sea-
son for doe deer there were 972 legally
killed and 20 illegally killed.—Ex.
Birth Rate is Lowest in History of
New York.—The birth rate in
America is now lower than at any
other period of her history and, due
to the increasing practice of birth
control, the finest qualities of the
race are in danger of being lost.
These are the conclusions of Dr.
Frederick L. Hoffman, statistician
drawn from his research work for the
Prudential Insurance company. About
the only encouragement he finds is
that the death rate is the lowest ever
known, with one exception. He places
the annual number of births in this
country at about 2,600,000 and the
deaths as 1,300,000.
“The question of birth control would
admit of no discussion,” he says in
his report, “if the decrease in the
birth rate affected reser the un-
desirable elements of the population.
However, the reduction in birth ap-
plies largely to those who are intel-
lectually as well as morally and eco-
nomically of the superior type.
“If there is anything in the theory
of the hereditary transmission of fine
qualities, it must be apparent that
we are deliberately encouraging
diminution of pronounced types of in-
telligence and character upon which
the nation must rely for its direction
and guidance.”
Why Suffer So?
Get Back Your Health as Other Belle-
fonte Folks Have Done.
Too many people suffer lame ach-
ing backs, distressing kidney disord-
ers and rheumatic aches and pains.
Often this is due to faulty kidney ac-
tion and there’s danger of hardened
arteries, dropsy, gravel or Bright's
disease. Don’t let weak kidneys
wear you out. Use Doan’s Pills be-
fore it is too late! Doan’s are a stim-
ulant diuretic to the kidneys. Doan’s
have helped thousands. Here is one
of the many Bellefonte cases:
Mrs. E.E. Ardery, Reynolds Ave,
says: “My kidneys were weak and out
of order. My back ached, too and I
became run down. Doan’s Pills, which
1 bought at Runkle’s Drug Store, have
always relieved these attacks and
strengthened my back and kidneys.”
(Statement given April 5, 1922.)
On July 22, 1925, Mrs. Ardery said:
«I have used Doan’s Pills occasionally
since I last recommended them and
they have always brought relief.”
60 cents, at all dealers. Foster-Mil-
burn Co., Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y. 70-42
I put potatoes in the stew
Most folks do I guess—don’t
—Young Mother Hubbard.
There are some men and
members of their families that
like a good old fashioned beef
stew a couple of times a month
or oftener. Save money by
buying your meats here.
Beezer’s Meat Market
4-34-19 Bellefonte, Pa.
KLINE WOODRING — Attorney-at=
Law, Bellefonte, Pa. Practices im
all courts. Office, room 18 Crider’s
Exchange. b1-1y
Law, Bellefonte, Pa Prompt at-
tention given all legal business en=
Bellefonte, Pa.
Mash good as any
can buy, $3.00 per hundred.
trusted to his care. Offices—No. 5
High street. 67-44
M. KEICHLINE — Attorney-at-Law
and Justice of the Peace. All pro-
fessional business will ve
prompt attention. Office on second floor of
Temple Court. 49-5-1y
RUNKLE — Attorney-at-Law.
WwW Consultation in English and Ger-
man. Office in Crider’s Exchange
EE Ekik
Crider’s Exch. 66-11 Holmes Bldg.
S. GLENN, M. D., Physician and
Surgeon, State College, Centre
county, Pa. Office at his resi-
State College
B. ROAN, Optometrist. Licensed
E by the State Board. State College,
every day except Saturday. Belle-
fonte, rooms 14 and 15 Temple Co
Wednesday afternoons and Saturdays
a. m. to 4:30 p. m. Both Phoues. 68-40
We Keep a Full Line
of Feeds in Stock
Try Our Dairy Mixtures
—229% protein; made of all
Clean, Pure Feeds—
$48.00 per Ton
We manufacture a Poultry
that you
We handle Purina Cow Chow $54.00 per ton
0il Meal, 34% Protein........ 56.00%;
Cotton Seed, 43% Protein... 50.00
és 6
Gluten, 23% Protein... ..... .. 50.00
Alfalfa Meal.............cccenee 50.00 “
BIAN i. .ioveeesvensastansaiinniee 36.00 © ¥
Middlings ......- an, 40.00%
{ZF These prices at the Mill—$2.00 per
ton extra, delivered.
6. Y. Wagner & Go., Inc
66-11-1yr BELLEFONTE, PA.
Fine Job Printing
There is no atyle of work, from the
cheapest “Dodger” to the finest
that we can not do in the most sat
{sfactory manner, and at Prices
consistent with the class of work.
Car: on or communicate with this
This Interests You
The Workmans’ Compensation
Law went into effect Jan. 1,
1916. It makes Insurance Com-
gt J afpect
ing su rance. We
Plants and recommend Accident
Prevention Safe Guards which
Reduce Insurance rates.
it will be to your interest te
consult us before placing your
Bellefonte 43-18-1y State Collegh
Get Protection.
The following Lines of
Insurance are writter
in my Agency
(All Kinds)
(Including Inspection)
When you want any kind sr
a Bond come and ses ms
Don’t ask friends. They
don’t want to go om your
Bond. 1 will.
Bell 174-M Temple Oourd