Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 08, 1926, Image 7

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Bellefonte, Pa., January 8, 1926.
The Schmidts are Enjoying Life in
Dr. and Mrs. Ambrose Schmidt
are evidently pleased with first im-
pressions of their new home in Wash-
ington. When they brought to a close
their long residence in Bellefonte and
decided to make their future home in
the National Capital it was wit
some uncertainly as to whether the
change would prove as pleasant as
they hoped. Of course there are so
many opportunities for cultured di-
version in a city like Washington that
neither of them will find chance to
grow homesick for Bellefonte.
The following letter from Mus.
Schmidt would indicate that they are
very fortunate in having made Wash-
ington their home:
1 want to tell you of a rare treat
that Mr. Schmidt and I enjoyed lately
in Washington. We heard that Ignace
Jan Paderewski, the great Polish
pianist and statesman, was to give a
benefit concert in the Poli theatre, so
we secured tickets. The auditorium
is large and was filled to standing
room. The benefit was for our dis-
abled soldiers and their orphans.
We were comfortably seated and
enjoyed the quiet assembling of that
large audience. Mrs. Coolidge was
present and had as guests, Mrs.
Dawes, Mrs. Hoover, Mrs Nicholas
Longworth and her son John Coolidge.
There were other notables present
and it was all so interesting to us be-
case of their connection with our
great government.
The concert began at 4:30 and last-
ed until after 6 p. m., but even then
the audience was not sated and finally
called for Mr. Paderewski to return.
He had already donned his great fur
coat and had joined Mme. Pader-
ewski at the side of the stage, but in
response to the calls he slipped out of
the coat and sat again at the piano
to play until 7 o’clock. .
His program was all Chopin and
his music was simply wonderful;
something we shall never forget.
Sometimes loud and full of fervor and
again so sweet and soulful as to fair-
ly transport one. I especially enjoy-
ed those parts with which I am famil-
jar. The sonata that contains the
funeral march as its largo and then
the five of the “Revolutionary Etude”
and the “Polinnaise in Major,” was
played as only a great artist can.
Before the concert began two Amer-
ican Legion boys marched down the
aisle bearing our flag and that of Po-
land. After planting them at either
side of the stage they stood at atten-
tion until the great artist entered
and was seated, while the audience
arose en masse. It repeated this com-
pliment at the conclusion of the first |
half of the program when a huge
wreath of yellow chrysanthemums,
much higher than the piano was pre-
sented him by the American Legion.
This was the fourth benefit concert
given by M. Paderewski for our sol-
diers-and he has promised- to-give -an-.
other during his present American
tour. We can’t help but admire him
when we think of what he did for his
own country and what he is now doing
for our disabled soldiers. Mr. Schmidt
and I saw him in Pittsburg thirty
years ago and though 70 now he seem-
ed as vigorous and played even better
than then.
We are well and having a good
time, though it is quite cold here,
with high winds and the thermometer
at 11 degrees above zero. We wish
all of our Centre county friends a very
Happy New Year.
Harrisburg—The snow removal or-
der for the State highways during the
coming winter, was issued to the sev-
eral divisions and district engineers,
by W. J. Connell and is the most ex-
tensive snow removal program ever
undertaken by an American State.
The activities of the department
will mean that 5,200 miles of improv-
ed State highways wlll be kept open
for traffic at all times.
Under the plan as outlined in the
letter sent out by Mr. Connell a night
watchman will be maintained at all of
the storage sheds and telephones must
be installed in the buildings.
When it looks as though a snow
storm will break, the night watchman
must call the superintendent and they
together will confer on the advisabil-
ity of calling out the workmen,
When snow has fallen to a depth of
two Inches all of the workmen will be
called and continue to work until the
storm has subsided. In cases of
emergency or when the snow fall is un-
usual, the Harrisburg offices will be
notified and every available means to
keep the roads open will be made.
The order calls for immediate open-
ing of the drains and ditches along the
road so that in event of rain follow-
ing the snow, the roads will not be
The determination, which the road
department of the State Highways
Department will try to keep the main
thoroughfares in the States open for
traffic during the winter is best ex-
plained by Mr. Connell’s letter:
“We will expect that each one will
do his part, and that there will be no
excuses for not keeping the roads
open for travel at all times.”
The Toll of War.
Only one general officer was killed
in the World war. He was Brig-Gen.
Sigerfees of the infantry.
In fact, the infantry lost more offi-
cers than any other single arm of ser-
vice. Final figures recently compiled
by the war department show that of
the 2285 officers of the American
army killed in action or died from
wounds 1756 were in the infantry.
The air service came next with 175
deaths and the field artillery third
with 103 killed.
First lieutenants comprised the
grade that suffered the most. This
was due to the fact that they usually
lead an advance. Their death roll was
999. However, 958 second lieutenants
also lost their lives.—Exchange.
Cossacks Refuse to
Violate Old Tombs
The similarity of the burial mounds
in Siberia, north of the Gobi, with
those several thousand miles distant
on the Black gea, seems to indicate
that they were built by the Mongols—
perhaps in the age of Genghis Khan,
perhaps in the day of Tamerlane (as
we call Timur-i-lang). Perhaps in the
time of the khanates of central Asia—
the Golden Horde, etc.—in the Six-
teenth century. No one knows for
There are also found in the steppes
curious stone warriors and women that
face always to the east. And I think
the figure monuments of Siberia are
very much like them. The Cossacks
relate that when these stone women
are carried away, to make gate posts
for a house in some Russian village,
it takes a half-dozen oxen to drag
them to the west, although one can
draw them back again. Moi, je me
At any rate most of the Cossacks
are extremely unwilling to dig up the
burial sites, the kurgans. A hundred
years ago the British explorer, Clarke,
asked the hetman of the Don Cossacks
for some men from the village to help
him the next day. The men were
ready enough until they found out
that he wanted to uncover a near-by
kurgan. They refused point blank—
said it was unthinkably unlurky—and
Clarke did not get a look at the inside
of the mound.—Harold Lamb in Ad-
venture Magazine.
Genius Not Immune
to Domestic Trouble
It may be some consolation for those
who have a servant girl problem to
read the following reference to similar
troubles in the life of a great mar
It is hard to believe that Beethoven,
g0 much of whose life must have been
spent in communion with the marvel-
ous vision of his genius, was constant-
ly Immersed also in petty details of
housekeeping. In his diaries and let-
ters are numerous references to them.
His servants, from his own account,
were nearly always incompetent, for
he describes at length their neglect of
him. And one passage in a diary is
devoted to entries concerning kitchen
maids, one of whom “ran away,” and
another of whom he writes—‘gave the
kitchen maid warning”—though that
is satisfactory to see by the next en-
try that “The new maid came.” In the
intervals of these distresses Beethoven
wrote the Choral Symphony, and the
great Mass in D!
Oxygen on Mars
That the amount of oxygen on Mars |
is relatively very low has been shown
by a spectroscope fixed on the Mount |
Wilson telescope. It is only 60 per
cent as great as the oxygen supply on |
YE Pp'y | were decidedly lively. They decided |!
Mount “Everest; where exploring —ex-
peditions have had to resort to the use |
of oxygen tanks In order to keep alive.
Though deficient in water and ox- |
ygen, there is no doubt that Mars still |
possesses an atmosphere. E. C. Slip-
her of the Lowell observatory at
Flagstaff, Ariz., showed that photo-
graphs made with red light filters
made the planet appear larger and
showed greater detail than those made
with blue light filters. Red light is
known to have greater powers of pene-
tration through the atmosphere than
blue; so that the photographs would
tend to indicate the presence of an at-
mosphere on Mars.
Of Phoenician Origin?
Melungeons are a distinct race of
people living in the mountains of east-
ern Tennessee. They are about the
color of mulattoes, but have straight
hair. They are supposed to be de-
scendants of some ancient Phoenicians,
who removed from Carthage and set-
tled in Morocco. They have no ad-
mixture of negro blood. From Morgc-
co, a colony crossed the Atlantic and
settled in South Carolina. From that
locality they moved to Hancock coun-
ty, Tenn, The Melungeons are to a
considerable extent illiterate, and are
for the most part engaged in farm-
ing.—Washington Star.
Brain Méasure Won’t Work
A doctor friend tells us there is noth.
ing to the scheme to measure the
brains of congressmen to find out how
much they know, that the most bril-
linnt senator New York ever had had
a very small head. . . . When it
comes to brain power it is quality, not
quantity, that counts. In the labora-
tory of a great medical school is the
brain of a world-famous genius, so
small that it is little more than half
the weight of the average human
brain.—Capper's Weekly.
Lightning in Forests
When lightning strikes a tree the
ordinary result is to splinter the wood
or strip off bark through the sudden
generation of steam, says Nature
Magazine. In the great majority of
cases the tree 1s not set on fire. Never
theless, the aggregate number of for
est fires started by lightning is in
many parts of the country, greater
than the number due to all other
causes combined.
Smart After All
A young boy who lived next door to
a certain Indianapolis lawyer did not
have a high opinion of the mentality
of the lawyer. His parents, however,
were not aware of their son's opinions
until one day, when he came in and
“Well, I guess Mr. Blank is smart
after all. He took his automobile apart
and p<c* 't back together, and ** runs.”
South American Gold
in Solomon’s Temple?
Ophir, land of rich gold mines that
supplied metal for the decorations of
King Solomon’s temple, was in South
America, according to Dr. Van Hauch
of Vienna who has been exploring the
forests of Peru. The fabled country
has been the subject of speculation
for years, and has been variously lo-
cated in Arabia, India or South Africa,
says a writer in Popular Mechanics
Magazine. In support of his theory the
Vienna explorer declares that he found
an Indian tribe of 300 whose features
bore a Jewish cast and whose lan-
guage contained many words like those
of the ancient Hebrew. The name
Solomon had been given to a number
of men in the tribe, and legends were
told him of a race of seafaring men
who landed on the banks of the river
Hualla and carried away quantities of
gold ore. They called the region around
the river Ophira. Dr. Von Hauch be-
lieves that the strangers may have
been King Solomon’s sailors, and that
the three years’ absence of his fleet
mentioned in Biblical accounts is ex-
plained by the long journey to Peru.
Columbus believed that he had found
the source of Solomon’s riches when
he set’ foot on the West Indies. The
African theory is based on the dis-
covery of ancient mines among ruins
south of the Zambesi river, and a
Seventeenth century writing to the
effect that one was the Abyssinian
mine from which the queen of Sheba
obtained most of the gold she gave
King Solomon.
| Masterpieces Lost to
| World Through Flames
| The world is very much poorer today
| because so much classical literature
| of the early centuries has been Inst
| Aeschylus is said to have written
! from 70 to 90 dramas, but only seven,
| in a complete state, have been handed
| down to us. Only seven, too, of the
| 120 tragedies written by Sophocles are
| known, with, perhaps, 100 fragments
i of the others. Of the dramatic works
of Euripides, which are said to have
totaled 92, only 17 tragedies and a
play, dealing with satyrs, also a few
fragments of the other compositions,
now remain. These losses, also of
Greek lyrical works, are due to the de-
struction by fire of the two great li-
braries of Alexandria in 47 B. C.
{ when the city was besiged by Julius
Caesar. In this fire 700,000 volumes
were destroyed.
Coffee’s “Discovery”
There are many stories as to who
. first discovered the food value of
i coffee. In Europe this important dis-
. covery is usually accredited to the
inmates of an old monastery in Arabia
who had observed that their goats
after browsing upon the coffee berries
i to taste the berries to see if they, too,
i would be similarly affected. First
| they chewed the berries but were dis-
Then they
i boiled them but without success. Then
‘ they tried roasting them and found
this gave a delightful flavor. Later a
monk brewed a stimulating drink by
pounding the roasted berries in a
! appointed in the taste.
Sugar From Dahlias
A new dahlia and artichoke indus
. try promises new life for domestic
| sugar manufacturers, according to Sci-
ence. At present huge beet-sugar
| plants are lying idle two-thirds of
the year for lack of raw material. It
iis now expected that after producing
beet sugar in the summer the plants
will run four months on artichoke, fol-
lowed by four months on dahlia tubers
| to produce large quantities of the new
levulose sugar. At present levulose
is prepared only as a sirup or moist,
powder-like brown sugar, but the prob-
lems of crystallization are rapidly be-
Ing solved commercially.
The parents had been trying for
some time to impress a sense of
modesty on four-year-old Betty. The
following incident caused them to feel
pa their efforts had not been wholly
n vain,
Betty was seated on the floor, play-
ing with “dress up” paper dolls, when
her grownup cousin breezed in. She
started toward the child and was pre-
pared to exclaim over the dolls, when
she was halted by a frown of disap-
proval. “Don’t look,” scolded the
youngster. “Can’t you see they're
In Airtight Bags
Observations were made at the Na-
tional Academy of Sciences in Wash-
ington recently on five subjects (three
men and two women) placed in an air-
tight bag through which a stream of
heated, dry air (about 85 degrees centi-
grade) was passed. Loss of weight
was five to thirteen times greater than
normal, oxygen consumption increased
slightly, while skin temperature was
fairly uniform and only one degree
or so above normal, owing to the cool-
ing effect of perspiration.
Bran Valuable Food
Bran, the dark, fibrous portion of
wheat, is less completely digested than
the rest of the kernel. As bran is
sold commercially it has some food
value from the starch as well as from
the minerals and vitamins associated
with the fibrous parts, but it is used
chiefly for its laxative properties. In
moderates quantities, and especially as
it comes ground up in graham flour,
it is usually considered to be a des
sirable addition to the diet.
Litile Is Urderstood
‘ of Insect Migration
There is, of course, a great deal that
we do not know. In the final analysis,
“all things go out into mystery,” and
your most dry-as-dust professor is left
at the ceunter of his laboratory with
his mouth open and his short-sighted
eyes raised in a childish query. Still,
he has detected law and order and
reasonableness, and the succession of
cause and effect in many branches of
biology, including bird migration.
It is not so with insect migration,
which may be on a big scale. This re-
mains a thorough-going miracle, still
quite unplumbed. In England we en-
tertain quite a considerable number of
butterflies from overseas, though their
arrival or passage over the sea Is
rarely observed. But such little flights
of a hundred miles or so are as noth-
ing compared with some recent ex-
Butterflies will fly 3,000 miles on oc-
casion. That lovely creature—not so
common here as we could wish—the
painted lady, has appeared in Ice-
lané-at the end of a journey—so it
is credibly alleged—from Africa!
Quite large groups of white butter-
flies have settled on ships in the Medi-
terranean, on their way from south to
north. So Africa certainly exchanges
Insects with Europe.—Sir W. Beach
Thomas in the Outlook.
Railroads Can Dispute
Claims to Precedence
There probably will be all sorts of
rivalries and disputes in the near fu-
ture over the question of precedence
among American railroads, just as
there were a few years ago over the
date and identity of the first steam-
boat. It seems not unlikely that the
honor will have to be divided and dis-
tributed according to the interpreta-
tion of the term. The first road on
which vehicles ran on rails was per-
haps that on Beacon hill, in Boston, in
1807. The first road to employ steam
power seems to have been the 27-mile
stretch bullt by the Delaware & Hud-
son Canal company {in 1827 from
Honesdale to Carbondale, Pa. The
first road to carry passengers was
probably the Baltimore & Ohio, which
in May, 1830, began running from Bal-
time to Ellicott’s mill, 15 miles, by
horse power.
Famous Obelisk
The obelisk in Central park, New
York, is thirty-five centuries old. As
the Standard Guide to New York re-
marks: “It was old when Moses read
its inscriptions in honor of the Egyp-
tian sun god.” It stood before the
temple of the Sun at Heliopolis, near
Cairo, where It was erected in the
Sixteenth century B. C. by Thothmes
ITI. In twelve B. C. Augustus Caesar
carried the obelisk to Alexandria.
Here it and two others were erected
before the temple of the Caesars. In
1877 it was presented by the khedive
of Egypt to the United States, and
brought to America by Lieutenant-
Commander Gorringe, U. 8. N. It was
erected in Central park in 1881, Wil-
liam H. Vanderbilt bore the expense
of removal, which was $102,576. The
obelisk is a monolite of syenite from
the granite quarries of Syene, Egypt.
The shaft is 691% feet high, 7 feet 9
inches by 7 feet 83% inches at the
base and weighs 448,000 pounds.
Wild Pigeons All Gone
Vast numbers of wild pigeons were
seen In this country prior to 1865,
though not in such great numbers as
earlier in the century, namely, 1800 to
1850. The slaughter of these pigeons
raged for years with nets, traps and
guns, and by 1884 there were very few
of the wild pigeons seen in this coun-
try. By 1900 they had dwindled down
to a few specimens left in captivity
in Milwaukee and in the Cincinnati
z00. Martha, the last known wild
pigeon, died 2 pa August 20, 1914,
at the age of twenty-nine. According
to all ornithological data available,
she was the last of her tribe in the
world. Martha's mate died in 1910,
and though a prize of $1,000 was of-
fered for a mate, none was ever found.
Nothing to Worry About
To hear some young women talk
c¢hey would be very choosey in select-
ing a husband. When it comes to
domestic ability, men are not so fin-
nicky, if we may believe this para-
graph from Judge: The ceremony over,
the wife began to weep copiously.
“What's the matter?” asked the new
husband. “I—I never told you that I
dox’t know how to cook,” sobbed the
bride. “Don’t fret,” said he, “I'll not
have anything to cook. I'm an edi-
tor.”"—Capper's Weekly.
Indian Summer
There are no definite dates for In-
dian summer, which fs a period of
warm or mild weather late in au-
tumn or in early winter, usually char-
acterized by a clear, cloudless sky, and
by a hazy or smoky appearance of the
atmosphere, especially near the hori-
zon. The term is commonly applied
to such period occurring in October or
more commonly in November, after a
definite frost.
Meteoric Visitors
It 1s computed that between 10,000,
000 and 20,000,000 strike the earth’s
atmosphere dally. Two or three mete-
orites are seen to fall yearly. Since
a large part of the earth is covered
with . water or uninhabited, it is
thought probable that about 100 strike
the earth annually. It is not known
positively that meteors and meteorites
are composed of the same materials
Tests Prove Heat Lowers Pupils
Ability to Work.
Erivan.—Science has come to the
aid of the man who does not want to
work in hot weather. Experiments
carried out by the Near East Relief
among 15,000 children in its orphan-
age school and workshops here prove
that mental and physical efficiency are
seriously lowered when temperature
rises above 73 degrees.
The experiments covered summer
temperatures ranging from 65 de-
grees to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Max-
imum efficiency in classroom or work-
shop is secured under temperatures
of 67 to 73 degrees. The human ma-
chine’s ability to work effectively de-
creases rapidly as the temperature
rises above 73. At a temperature of
90 degrees the number of mistakes
increases by 62 per cent.
Ladies! Ask you Drugglst for,
yl Ay yD
Pills in Red and
Take other. B uO of
no uu
Merry Christmas
We take pleasure in announcing that enrollment in our
1926 Christmas Savings Club
Began Tuesday December 1, 1925
You will be sure to have money for Christinas if
you Join one or more of these Classes.
Class 25
Class 50
will receive
will receive
Class 25—Members paying 25 cents a week for fifty weeks
Class 50—Members paying 50 cents a week for fifty weeks
Class 100
will receive. io
Class 100—Members paying $1.00 a week for fifty weeks $50.00
Class 200
will receive
will receive
Class 200—Members paying $2.00 a week for fifty weeks
Class S00 Members paying $5.00 a week for fifty weeks
Class 1000
Class 2000
will receive
weeks will receive
with three per cent. interest added if all payments are
made regularly in advance.
Bellefonte Trust Company
Class 1000—Members paying $10.00 a week for fifty weeks
Class 2000—Members paying $20.00 a week for fifty
Lyon & Co.
The Greatest Slaughter of Prices Ever
Heard of During the Month of January
Ladies and Childrens Winter Coats
Must be Sacrificed Regardless of Cost.
One Rack of Ladies Dresses
—Point Twills, Flannels, Satin Back, Canton,
Crepe de Chene and Satins—at less than cost
of manufacture.
Lyon & Co.
Pre--[nventory Sale Throughout (ne Store
We Invite Inspection of Prices and Qualities
Save Money....Buyy Here
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