Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., October 23, 1925.
PEANUT THOUGHT TO BE
A NATIVE OF BRAZIL.
According to a bulletin from the
headquarters of the National Geog-
raphical Society the peanut probably
oricinated in Brazil. Aztecs knew it
and the Spanish carried it to Europe
and Africa. Slaves, brought from the
West Indies to the Southern States,
are believed to have introduced it into
the United States.
“Four quarts of American peanuts
taken to China 85 years ago by Arch-
deacon Thompson, are the ancestors
of the Chinese peanut crop, which now
exceeds American production.
“Archdeacon Thompson generously
divided his four quarts of peanuts
with Dr. Charles R. Mission, who was
going to Shantung Penninsula. Dr.
Mills gave a quart each to two farm-
ers, exacting the promise that each
should gradually increase the peanuts
for three years and in that time use
them for general distribution. One of
the farmers at the end of the first
year ate all his crop. The second
farmer fulfilled his contract. Shan-
tung Peninsula in one year recently
grew 18,000,000 bushels of the large
“Peanuts are one . of the New
World’s foremost credits for cancel-
ation of its debt to the Old World for
plants, shrubs and trees.
pay the East for the delicious peach
and the soy bean, both of which ori-
ginated in China. Wheat, barley, rye,
timothy, apples and pears followed
the Star of Empire westward bound.
But ranged beside the peanut as New
World friends of all mankind are
maize, grown now to the ends of the
earth, the ‘Irish’ potato, the tomato,
tobacco, Brazilian rubber tree, sisal,
and chincona, the tree that produces
“The plant that produces the pea-
nut is no ordinary member of the
flower world. It takes no back place
among plant acrobats such as the
Venus flytrap which baits an insect
and squeezes it to death as terribly
as an Edgar Allen Poe engine of
terror; the butter and eggs which
which makes the bumble bees weigh
in on its scales before it gives admit-
tance to the honey pot; or the beggar’s
ticks which steal rides.
“The peanut, since it belongs to the
pea family, bears a strong resem-
blance to an ordinary bean plant and
has sunbonnet shaped flowers. But
after pollination the flower stalk turns
a somersault and grows rapidly to-
ward the ground, burying its seed
pods among the roots. As the sum-
mer advances these seed capsules
grow and when the plant is mature,
full grown peanuts are found beneath
the ground. Potatoes do this, but
potatoes are bulbs. The peanut is one
of the few plants that matures fertil-
ized seed pods in the soil.
“Norfolk, Va., is regarded as the
peanut capital of the United States
although Texas, with 205,000 acres in
peanuts, has more land devoted to
this product than any other state. In
one year the total yield in the United
States was 623,507,000 pounds valued
at near $30,000,000. On the planta-
tions bordering the James River, in
Virginia, where the Randolphs and
other famous planters made bonanza
crops of tobacco in the early days of
colonization, peanuts are now a favor-
“Soft, sandy loam, which the le-
gumes favor, is found here. In this
locality also, peanuts figure in the
production of the finest flavored pork.
Hams from hogs permitted to root out
‘goobers’ left in the ground after harv-
est are said to have flavor unequaled
elsewhere in the United States.
“The South discovered the peanut
during the Civil War. Cut off by sea
from importing supplies, the Con-
federates not only grew peanuts for
food and flour, but the oil was used by
mechanics to lubricate their loco-
motives and other machinery, by cot-
ton and wool spinners on their spind-
les and by housewives, in place of lard.
In some places the oil is now employ-
ed for lamps and peanut cake, residue
from the oil, finds sale as cattle food.
“Only the poor children of England
relish this popular American food.
In Manchuria and Siberia a handful
of sunflower seeds replaces the Amer-
ican gag of peanuts. The mystery of
large imports of peanuts received at
the Port of Marseilles is explained by
the fact that much peanut oil becomes
‘olive oil’ after it arrives there. Itis
said very little olive oil is received in
the United States which does not con-
tain some peanut oil.”—Ex.
State Show Birdmen to Win Fine
Nine silver loving cups, 37 special
rosette ribbons, 8 subscriptions to
poultry journals, several cash prizes,
two 4-dozen metal egg crates, a brood-
er, and many other valuable prizes
await winners at the third State
Standard Production Poultry Show
at State College, November 5, 6,
One of the silver loving cups is
offered for the best egg-laying contest
hen with an official record of 250 eggs
or more. This is a traveling cup and
must be won three times for per-
manent possession. Another travel-
ing cup is to be awarded the county
scoring the highest uumber of points
in the show. For the best display of
birds, all varieties competing, the fin-
est cup in the group will be awarded.
Barred Plymouth Rocks, White Ply-
mouth Rocks, Single Comb Rhode
Island Reds, Single Comb White Leg-
horns, Single Comb Mottled Anconas,
White Wyandottes, Light - Brahmas,
Jersey Black Giants, and Cornish are
the varieties to be shown. There
will be also a class for old-and young
capons. Premium lists may be se-
cured by writing to R. H. Strait, sec-
retary, Poultry Department, Penn-
SFlvama State College; State College,
——The leading politicians of Oma-
ha came near haying a real fight over
the question ‘of entertaining the Pres-
Will Fielding Has a Good Word for
New York City, Oct. 5th, 1925.
Editor of the Watchman:
Believing that my Colonel Stedman
letter was an aid to the Centre county
voter in seeing the moral worth of
Dick Taylor, when he was a candidate
for sheriff, I am encouraged to at-
tempt, by means of this communica-
tion, to show the voters of old Centre
county their duty in supporting for
the judgship Mr. W. Harrison Walker.
I have closely followed his career
and have had dealings with him in-
volving both legal and financial serv-
ice. To me he is the essence of kind-
ness, courtesy, attentiveness and ca-
pacity—the things that really go
furthest in making a man. He pos-
sesses that excellence of manner that
would bring to the bench the dignity
so sadly lacking in so many of our
courts. Much of my time during the
last twenty-one years has been spent
in intimate contact with them, hence
I speak from experience.
One of the most delightful phases
of life is the development of the sense
of community responsibility and loy-
alty. One should be ashamed to die
until a victory has been won for these.
In support of this statement I claim
that rich and poor, confident and
doubtful should, regardless of their
party affiliations, rally to the support
of Mr. Walker. Quoting a line from
Tennyson: “Knowledge comes but
Centre county, being possibly Re-
publican it will necessarily mean that
to elect a Democrat the voter will have
to forget party ties. This is as if
should be in local elections and it is
the only means of keeping “the flat
tires” out of public office. Give to
your candidates the acid test. Some
will show the alloy, then vote for the
one in whom you can place supreme
The office of Judge and District At-
torney are closely co-ordinated. It is
therefore essential that the proper
type of man be chosen as District At-
torney. Give Mr. Walker the proper
helper and in him honesty is much to
be desired, for it is very important
that the prosecuting attorney of a
county be above the suspicion of
“winking” at some cases and perse-
cuting in others.
In closing I wish to make clear that
I have no thought or desire to do in-
jury to any person aspiring to public
office. That aspiration is commenda-
ble, especially so, if the past conduct
of the candidate warrants the aspira-
tion. I have worked, soldiered and re-
sided in Bellefonte and my heart is
still migratory, if I may use the term,
and consequently I am deeply inter-
ested in the affairs of both town and
county. This communication, for
which I will thank you in advance not
to consign to the waste basket neath
your desk, is intended solely to aid the
voter of every party to see the man
instead of the party emblem.
WILL G. FIELDING.
WAR _- DEPARTMENT TAKING
LEADING PART IN WASHING-
TON’S PLANS FOR DISPLAY AT
Various departments of the govern-
ment at Washington are preparing ex-
hibits for the Sesqui-centennial Inter-
national Exposition at Philadelphia,
on a scale never before attempted.
Arrangements already have been
completed by the War Department to
have an Army brigade at its full war
strength of 7,000 men encamped on
the grounds from the opening of the
Exposition, June 1, 1926, until the
gates are finally closed on December
The brigade will include infantry,
field artillery, cavalry, tank, anti-air-
craft, searchlight, heavy artillery,
railroad artillery, air service, chemical
warfare signal corps, engineers and
medical detachment, quartermaster
corps, all having regulation equip-
A detachment of cadets from the
United States Academy at West Point,
N. Y., will be encamped nearby for the
entire period of the Exposition, along
with the famous West Point band.
Another star musical organization
to be heard daily during the Exposi-
tion is the Army band, now stationed
at the Washington, D. C., barracks.
Daily concerts will be given by both
War Department exhibits will in-
clude a miniature “Panama Canal,”
“Round the World,” Aeroplane, heavy
railroad gun, such as the American
forces used in France, and many other
weapons and devices used in war.
Major General Wm. Hart, Quarter-
master-General of the Army, will di-
rect the installation of an exhibit of
uniforms and equipment for commis-
sioned officers and enlisted men dis-
played on wax figures, the material
being supplied by the Quartermaster’s
depot in Philadelphia.
This exhibit, along with one of na-
val uniforms, will cover more than
14,000 square feet and cost $70,000.
In marked contrast to present-day
equipment will be an exhibit of 25
manikins wearing uniforms dating
from 1775. These uniforms are now
stored in the Smithsonian Institution
at Washington. A model army bar-
racks will contain bed, bedding, mos-
quito bar and field kit. All types of
army tents will be shown, as will also
garrison and field rations issued in
the Revolutionary wav, War of 1812,
Mexican war, Civil war, Spanish-
American war and the World war.
Even the army mule and horse, all
dressed up for the Sesqui, will be on
The display of naval uniforms for
officers and men will be complete in
a ——— a ——————
Red Heads Best.
Samuel Long, automobile instructor,
says he can tell at a glance whether a
woman will make a good driver. Fat
women, he says, make good drivers,
but read-headed ones are better. Tall
women are “not so good” and school
teachers are “terrible.”
n—— Ap sg.
——TFrance: seemed to have done
‘well in. the debt conference in Wash-
ingfon but didn’t help any in the pro-
posed negotiation for a loan.
HOW TO SOLVE A CROSS-WORD PUZZLER
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words, except proper names. Abbreviations,
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The first le in each word
and a number under
obsolete forma are indicated in the definitions.
CROSS-WORD PUZZLENo. 4.
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5 6 7
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33 [I 54 35
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1—To mix, as tobacco, coffee, etc.
6—To resolve a sentence Into its
13—Fines for an offense
16—To pacify - 17—Like
18-—International language -
22—Slight depression, as from a
blow 24—And so forth
25—In a fit manner
28—Distance between a vessel's bow
and her anchor
30—Nickname for Isaac
81—Nickname for Nathaniel
39—An authoritative sanction
42—Overhanging part of roof
44—American humorist, first name
456—The same (abbr,)
68—Narrow ridge of glacial deposit
54—Same as 6 horizontal
2—Person who makes borrowing
3—For example (abbr.)
gifts of charity
7—Beer 8—Red Cross (abbr.)
9—Loop of Iron wire with pointed
10-—Short written composition
13—Stick dipped with sulphur
19—Tribe of American Indians
21—To bear up under
23—One who takes
25-—Person of abnormally small stat-
ure 27—Ribbed material
82—Hero of a cycle of romances of
chivalry 33—S8tring of cars
84—Piece of land sssigned to a
35-—Several thicknesses laid over
86—A pointed arch
43—A smart blow
52—Bxclamation of hesitation
Solution will appear in mext issue.
NECESSITY FOR AN
ABUNDANCE OF SLEEP.
By Levi A. Miller.
There is nothing more beneficial
than an abundance of sleep. That
wise man who said, many years ago,
that if we desired good health we
should sleep eight hours, labor eight
hours and play eight hours out of
every twenty-four hours, was a genius
and a benefactor to mankind. Sleep
is a necessity of the animal economy,
and is the suspe; sion of animal life.
During its continuance, the creature
i under the influence of organic life
Sleep is the intermediate state be-
tween wakefulness and death—wake-
fulness being regarded as the active
state of all the animal and intellectu-
al functions, and death their total sus-
pension. A good sleep is the delight-
ful repose man assimilates, that state
in which Adam sprang from his Cre-
ator’s hand; fresh, buoyant and vigor-
ous, rejoicing as a man ready to run
his course; his mind and body prepar-
ed for exertion. Night is the time to
sleep. Darkness and the silence of:
nature court repose, as the light of the
new-born day invites us to activity
and labor. All nature awakes with
the rising of the sun. The birds be-
gin to sing, the bees to fly about with
murmurous delight; the flowers which
close under the embrace of darkness,
unfold themselves with renewed beau-
ty to the light. Plants sleep as well
as animals; the cattle arise to crop
the dewy herbage, and man goes
forth to his labor until the evening.
At the close of the day, the instinct-
ive nature of animals shows the re-
verse of all this activity and motion.
The songs of the birds, one after
another, become hushed, till at length
all is silence, and nature is left’ to
sleep amid the falling dews; action is
succeeded by listlessness, energy by
languor, the desire for exertion by the
inelination for repose, and sleep, with
her leaden scepter, holds her dominion
over all the world.
Nature has allotted the darkness of
night for repose, and the restoration,
by sleep, of the ehxausted energies of
both body and mind. Nothing de-
stroys health so rapidly as the want
of refreshing sleep. It is, therefore,
of great advantage to engage in the
in the morning.
Leave Buffalo 9:00 P, M.
Arrive *7:00A. M.
Ask your ticket agent or
Send for free sectional puzzle chart of
the Great Ship “"SEEANDBEE” and
Your Rail Ticket is
Good on the Boats
‘and to pedestrians alike.
| A restful night on Lake Erie
I Makes a pleasant break in your journey. A good bed in a clean,
cool stateroom, a long sound sleep and an appetizing breakfast
Steamers *SEEANDBEE”—-"CITY OF ERIE”~“CITY OF BUFFALO”
Daily May 1st to November 15th
pe YS aries oy DFBURFALD® arrives 7:30 A. M.
onnections for Cedar Point, t-in-Bay, Toledo, Detroit and other point:
: agency for tickets via C & B Cio, Haw Pours
The Cleveland & Buffalo Transit Co.
Cleveland, Ohio cul
Solution of Crossword puzzle No. 3.
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duties of labor early in the day. The
night succeeds the day, and the day
succeeds the night, in harmonious or-
der, while the day of rest closes the
week. The former affords repose to
the body, the latter to the soul. Night
is the proper period for sleep.
Marking the Place of the Dead.
_. The Governor of Ohio has ordered
erected on the spot a prominent white
cross for every person killed in a
motor accident in that State. The
cross stands as a warning to motorists
place fourteen of these crosses have
been erected. This is a gruesome re-
minder, but ought to prove an effect-
ual one. The deaths by automobile
accidents are unbelievably numerous.
They are due to carelessness on the
part of drivers, to poor traffic regula-
tion, and to heedlessness on the part
of the public. It cannot be denied
that there are many reckless drivers,
men and women who ought not to be
permitted upon the highways, with
engines of destruction in their hands.
In some places it is actually danger-
ous to go for a ride in a motor car.
Just outside of Miami, Florida, there
is a sign that reads: “Drive Slowly,
You May Meet a Fool.” It matters
not how careful a driver may be, he
and his car are in danger of being run
down by irresponsible people. Thus
the privileges of automobiling are
curtailed. Those crosses out in Ohio
ought to do good.—Ex.
* } Leave Cleveland—9:00 P. M.
Arrive Buffalo —*7:00 A. M.
+The Great Ship
Length, 500 feet,
Breadth, 98 fect
N 6 inches,
Lyon & Co.
October Specials §
in Every Department
Lyon & Co.
Flare bottom, fur trimmed
Ladies Coats —in all the new shades, at
REMARKABLY LOW PRICES.
in Flannels and
Ladies New Fall Dresses sis in an the
The new 54in. flannels, in all the high
Sale prices $2.50
shades, take 1% to 2 yards for a dress.
and $3.00 per yard.
Ladies and Children (in all
colors) included in this sale.
A New Line of Art Needle Work
Luncheon Sets, Buffet Sets, Scarfs,
Doilies, Towels, and many other stamped
Childrens Heavy School Hose 25c.u
Ladies Silk Hose Silk and Wool Mixed 50C. up
A Large Assortment of 9x12 Rugs
SPECIALLY LOW PRICED
Sweaters for Men
Lyon & Co. « Lyon & Co.
F aubles fave tie Clothes
Faybles Hau fie Grows
| Wherever you see values like these you
The real Fall Suit
and Overcoat Bargains are at Faubles---
The Newest Models, the Largest Variety
will also find the men.
THE BIGGEST VALUES ARE
Come in and look—you will soon realize
why Faubles is Bellefonte’s Best Mens Store
Suits that are All Wool—
Overcoats that are All Wool—
AS LOW AS
Sold with the Fauble Guarantee