Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, October 09, 1925, Image 7

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    Bellefonte, Pa., October 9, 1925.
ee eee etree
A car with first class four-wheel
brak:s should stop quickest during
the last few feet of the stop. There
is no sudden jolt when the brakes are
first applied, but this should not be
taken as an indication that the car
may not stop in time to avoid an ac-
In hot weather the devices which
control the rebound of your springs
may need a tighter adjustment. Heat
expands parts, a fact which not mere-
ly affects the adjustment with some
devices but makes for too free action
of the control mechanism. One type
of spring control uses a steel cable,
instead of a strap, to attach the spring
to the coil. If this lengthens a little,
due to expansion, the car will be likely
to bound too much. In another pop-
ular device there are two small inter-
acting members in the center of the
coil which are inclined to work too
freely in hot weather. Another de-
vice uses graphite inserts to lubricate
the brakes of the coils, tighter adjust-
ment being recommended to offer this
freer action in hot weather.
Painting the exposed side of the
tires with preservative blackening is
‘more than a matter of protecting the
tires against the elements and the
hazards of scraping against the curb.
When tires are changed around, the
outside will be labeled. This is neces-
sary in order to avoid the mistake of
replacing a tire so as to cause it to
roll in the opposite direction, a prac-
tice that injures the tread.
Every now and again some car buy-
er has an early share of trouble sim-
ply because he insists upon suc
prompt delivery that, after taking the
vehicle off the freight car, the dealer
does not have the opportunity to check
up on some of the details.” The own-
er, eager to get away ona trip, hard-
ly gives the dealer a chance to fill it
up with gas, oil and water. Later on
the engine becomes overheated be-
cause no one has had a chance to dis-
cover that the timing was set late at
the factory in order to prevent em-
ployees from running the car too fast
when it is unloaded.
This is the time of year you are
likely to labor in vain to keep the fan
oing. You think the belt is slipping,
ut the chances are ten to one that the
fan bearing i8 dry, or that, in forgel-
ting to lubricate it properly, the bear-
ing is damaged.
Whether your transmission needs
grease or not usually can be deter-
mined by the sound of the gears when
meshed for second. A comparatively
dry transmission will be quiet if the
gears are on high. In high the drive
is direct and if there is enough lubri-
cant to keep the transmission bear-
ings cool, the gear box will run quiet-
ly. It is true that while the gears are
in high the counter shaft gear re-
volves, but they revolve free. Even
the gear of the countershaft which
meshes with the clutch gear is not un-
der any pressure.
The practice of racing the engine
and then letting in the clutch will re-
sult in serious damage to the rear end
and force the clutch plates to slip and
burn. Coasting down a steep hill and
suddenly letting in the clutch, in or-
der to permit the engine to help slow
down the car, it just as harmful. The
thing to do after coasting is to speed
up the engine before clutching. —Ull
man Feature Service. :
A national shrine modeled from one
of nature’s vagaries, and situated in
the beautiful Black hills of South Da-
kota, is the vision of Gutzon Borglum,
the sculptor, and a group of South Da-
kota residents who view the Black
hills as the greatest undeveloped won-
derland in the United States.
The shrine would be a monument of
Washington and Lincoln, standing side
by side, their figures carved from a
huge needle-like piece of granite
which towers 200 feet above its im-
mediate base.
Borglum has long held this vision.
He expects soon to visit South Dako-
ta to discuss details for raising the
$1,000,000 necessary to its comple-
In the Black hills there is a group
of rocks that rise perpendicularly as
high as a fifteen or more story build-
ing. The rocks are known as the
Needles. One of these has withstood
the elements more than its neighbors
and there remains a wide base from
which there ascends a shaft tapering
almost to a point.
This shaft rises to a height great-
er than any elevation east of the
Rockies except Mount Harney, itself
in the Black hills.
Situated among virtual mountains
of red, purple and gold, their slopes
dottcd with towering pines, the pro-
posed memorial rock may be seen for
miles before the long, slowly ascend-
ing trail finally brings the visitor
within its shadow.
Here Borglum found a setting for
a national memorial.
With the advice of several South
Dakota residents, Borglum chose as
the characters for this memorial
Washington and Lincoln, two out-
standing figures in American history,
whom he knew would appeal to the
patriotism of every corner of the
United States.
Information reaching supporters of
the memorial in this State indicates
that the financial problem will be met.
Several wealthy persons have listen-
ed sympathetically to the plan, and it
is understood one New York muti-
millionaire virtually - has agreed to
finance the project single-handed.—
—1If you don’t find it in the “Watch-
man” it isn’t worth reading.
To learn how to wait is the great secret
of success.—De Maistre.
Time to think of the evening frock.
Almost any moment a formal occasion
is likely to pop up that will demand it.
And then you will be wise if you
choose a white embroidered one, for
they are particularly numerous this
season. Although some are of white
panne velvet, they are usually made of
tulle, chiffon or crepe georgette, and
are worn on matching fourreaus, al-
though several have slips in some con-
trasting color, such as blue or green
under pink. The beaded dresses take
the straight or princess silhouette.
And if you want to forego white, but
still keep to the decoration, there are
fascinating dyed and metal lace
frocks, embroidered all over.
You may be a slim, young thing,
though, who is tired of that up-and-
down line. Then go back to the very
bouffante type, and have a wide skirt
with apron, flounce, gathers, petals,
whatever appeals to your fancy. Or
you might enjoy the idea of making
yourself look taller by having panels
or points longer than the dress itself.
There is, last but not at all least,
that important color consideration, if
you don’t want to employ flesh pink or
white. You should have the advan-
tage of knowing that the ultra-smart
in shades are mauve, cyclamen, rese-
da-green, blue and black: As has been
hinted before, two colors are frequent-
ly combined, in one way or another,
blue and pink cr black and white,
It’s been rumored abroad, and now
is a very definite fact, that the fur-
lined coat is going to be most modern
and smart. And very often it will be
of the type “pour le sport,” with a
pleasant raglan effect carried out in
cloth or thick woolen fabric. Since the
ensemble has got our mind into the
habit of finishing a costume, it be-
hooves us to suggest a dress of kasha,
jersey or cloth, straight as to skirt,
h | for this good-looking coat. Said dress
may be straight as to skirt and trim-
med with embroidery and scarf-collar;
or it may cling to the favorite jumper
idea, with skirt very wide and finely
gathered or shaped. But one French
model, with the gay name of Patinage,
refuses the idea of any material but
velvet for itself, and so it has a skirt
of green velvet with a striped velvet
Trimming is wearing a happy smile
these days. So much has been said
about it, it’s been favored so highly,
that the simple-minded thing is all set
up about it. But really, when it ap-
pears in the guise of gold and silver
embroideries, applications of suede,
either painted or embroidered, or fur
borders, its charm cannot be resisted.
Then the largest feather in its cap is
the fact that aristocratic sleeves, so
often favoring strict severity in the
past, are leaning toward trimming at
the bottom, even though they are still
plain in shape, either straight and
tight or very slightly bouffant.
The dressier coats are either made
in figured crepe, of which there is a
great and fascinating quantity, or vel-
vet. An attractive French one, of the
first-named material, is extremely
tight at the normal waist, and wide in
the skirt, trimmed with a small bolero
and fur collar which forms reveres.
Another model is in black silk velvet
trimmed with brown fox fur, not as
high-waisted as the other, and with a
muchly gathered skirt. And then a
beautifully pleasing evening wrap is
fashioned of red velvet, embroidered
with black flowers. It is of the Prin-
cess shape, excellent in cut.
—The fur jaquette is often noted
despite the seeming supremacy in
fashion favor of the full-length coat,
but the newest jaquettes are longer
and more elaborate in design than
those of other seasons and more ex-
tensively trimmed, embroidery on kid
being often a featured decoration.
Bands of printed crepe on a blouse
dress of plain silk crepe, cut on Chi-
nese lines and having a wrap-around
skirt, give a pleasing suggestion of
the costume of the Chinese woman,
while embodying all the practical re-
quirements of our new modern dress.
Ensemble costumes of silk crepe or
satin combined with velvet or velvet-
een and fur-trimmed are noticeable
among the dressy models of this mode;
the coats are always of the velvet or
velveteen; the dresses, however, while
made usually of the silk fabric, are
sometimes developed by the aid of the
coat material in combination with the
dress fabric.
Fox, lynx, squirrel and leopard are
the furs most generally used for trim-
ming, which feature is rather strict-
ly confined to collar and cuffs.
Seal combined with leopard—that
is, a seal coat with collar and cuffs and
pockets of leopard—is a new and de-
cidedly smart fur coat combination,
and dyed squirrel banding a coat of
matching brown caracul is still anoth-
er, while mink skins diagonally placed
make for a most luxurious wrap.
The vogue of black continues to in-
crease, and the all-black dress of vel-
vet, crepe, or crepe satin is more and
more in evidence, and especially the
rather severely tailored effects, coat
dresses with fitted wrist-length
sleeves, notched collars and actual but-
ton-hole front closings.
Every woman planning new addi-
tions to her fall wardrobe should bear
in mind that the most popular day-
time fabrics at present are velvet
crepe satin, crepe de chine, rep and
As for colors, there is a broad lee-
way in black, dark green, blue-green,
faded blue, red, coral and reddish or
violet brown, with some beige -and
brown from which to choose.
When Cutting Silk.—The soft sur-
face, the green of four or five yards of
crepe de chine, and you, pattern in
hand, confronted by same. Do not cut
until you haye strengthened the ma-
terial for each piece of the pattern
with a layer of newspaper. It takes
such a little time to pin the slippery
silk to this, and your finished work
will be so much more accurate and
better cut.
| were better bred than the others, al-
—While picking fruit the grower
should observe what kinds of insects
are bothering the trees. During the
winter plans and preparations can be
made to resist their attacks next year.
—Don’t dig cesspools. Build septic
tanks. 45 Keystone counties have a
total of 62 forms that are being used
by farmers in building sanitation sys-
tems. Ask your county agent about
the form in your county.
—Considerable trouble is being ex-
perienced with potato stem borers.
The only practical way to take care of
them is by cleaning up and burning
the tops as soon as the potatoes are
dug. This will insure a greater
amount of protection as the possibili-
ty of infestation will be lessened.
—Whit grubs and sod worms inflict
considerable damage to crops which
follow sod lands.
In order to prevent serious damage
to next year’s crops says county
agent, R. C. Blaney, late fall or
early spring plowing, followed by
thorough cultivation should be praec-
ticed. These operations will turn up
the hibernating forms of these pests.
—Cows that are to freshen next
month should have some grain now.
When the cow freshens she cannot be
put on full feed immediately. Usuai-
ly it is four weeks before she can be
fed all the grain she needs, depending
upon the condition of her udder. Dur-
ing that time the cow must draw up-
on her body reserves. Feeding grain
before freshening builds up the re-
—That farm power and labor cost
too much is the conclusion reached by
agricultural engineers of The Penn-
sylvania State College. Under the
leadership of R. U. Blasingame, head
of the college farm machinery de-
partment, part of the 1800 acers of
college farm land will be devoted to
an experiment to reduce these costs.
So far as is known The Pennsyl-
vania State College is the first agri-
cultural experiment station to put
aside part of its farm for power farm-
ing expermints with a research
engineer devoting full time to the
work. H. B. Josephson, a graduate of
Saskatchewan University and the
Iowa State College, is in active charge.
A four-year rotation of corn, oats,
wheat, and hay will be used in the ex-
“With power and labor constituting
65 per cent of the cost of producing
corn crops, we felt that some means
should be employed to decrease this
burden,” says Blasingame. “Figures
collected on 116 farms in Lancaster
county in 1923 gave that average.
Interest, depreciation, taxes, insur-
ance, seed, fertilizer, marketing, and
profit composed the other 35 per cent.”
It is hoped that a substantial reduc-
tion will be obtained by means of the
plans used in the experiments.
—It cost $35.70 to care for a brood
sow raising an average of 7.4 pigs in
the spring of 1925, information gath-
ered in Lancaster county by farm
management extension specialists of
The Pennsylvania State College shows.
Records on 21 sows on eight farms
raising a total of 156 pigs were sum-
marized in reaching this conclusion.
According - to Earl - L.- Moffitt, in
charge of this work for the College,
the cost was divided as follows: Feed,
$25.16; labor, 17.1 hours; $5.13, bed-
ding; $1.03 breeding fees; $2.13 pas-
ture; 10c. cash expense 34c.; depreia-
tion on buildings and equipment 74c.;
interest $2.98, a total of $36.70. One
dollar was allowed for the value of
the manure, leaving a net cost of $35.-
70 for maintaining the average sow
for six months.
During the past spring the average
number of sows on these farms was
2.6 per farm, the lowest in four years.
The average number of pigs farrowed
was 8.6 per sow and the average num-
ber raised 7.4 per sow. This was an
average of 87.7 per cent. of the num-
ber farrowed, the best record in the
past four years. The pigs weighed 30
pounds each at weaning time, and the
average cost per pig up to that point
was $4.80, or 16 cents per pound.
Corn and other feeds during the six
months covered by these records were
especially high priced.
—Watch the pay envelope your cow
brings in if it’s bigger returns you
are after, the Blue Valley Creamery
Institute advises the enterprising
Pennsylvania dairy farmer. To find
out the wages exactly per hour that
each cow is paying for the labor and
care expended on her, it is merely
necessary to deduct the total expend-
itures from the total receipts of each
cow and divide the difference by the
number of hours of labor expended on
her during the year.
On one of four neighboring farms
where careful records had been kept
it was brought to light that not only
did ‘the farmer receive no wages for
the time spent on his cows but that
it actually cost him 12.7 cents an
hour each to have them hang around
his place. In the other three instanc-
es, the farmers were paid at the rate
of 6.4, 42.1, and 48.8 cents per hour
for the time and labor spent on each
of their cows. The two lots of cows
bringing home fattest pay envelopes
though the right kind of feed and
better care would have done much
toward making the others profitable
employes. The amount of butterfat
produced annually by each of the
cows was found to have a direct re-
lation to the number of hours of
labor and care which they received,
in each instance the animals with
better care producing the greatest in-
It is a costly error for the farmer
who uses family labor to assume that
whatever the cow produces is all to
the good, according to the Institute.
He should not be satisfied until his
careful record keeping indicates that
he is receiving at least current wages
for his efforts. The record will furth-
er point out to him the unprofitable
members of his herd and these he
should aim to replace with animals
that will produce on an average of
250 to 3825 pounds of butterfat each
year. With the non-producers cut out
and the good stock left put on
balanced rations and given proper
care, there will be no reason why the
farmer should not receive a full pay
Snvelope from each cow in his dairy
Back Lame and Achy?
The Advice of this Bellefonte Resident
Should Help You to Get Well.
Do you suffer nagging backache ?
Feel dizzy, nervous and depressed ?
Are the kidney secretions irregu-
lar; breaking your rest?
Likely your kidneys are at fault.
Weak kidneys give warning. You
have backache; rheumatic twinges.
You feel weak, tired, all worn-out.
Heed the warning. Don’t delay!
Use Doan’s Pills—a stimulant diu-
retic to the kidneys.
Your neighbors recommend Doan’s.
Here is a Bellefonte case.
C. E. Hartman, manager Weis
Store, 118 E. Logan St., says: “Morn-
ings the muscles in my back ' were
lame and drawn. When I stood a long
time I had a severe ache across my
kidneys. My kidneys were weak too,
and I'had to get up quite a bit at
night to pass the secretions. Any lit-
tle work tired me and toward the end
of the day I was so worn out, I hard-
ly felt like moving. I used Doan’s
Pills and three boxes, from the Mott
Drug Co., cured me.”
60c, at all dealers. Foster-Milburn
Co., Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y. 70-40
—Subscribe for the “Watchman.”
Radio Sale & Supply Co.
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R. J. GREEN, Licensed C. 0. BELLEFONTE, PA.
Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
THE first thing a new subscriber
does is call up all his (or her) friends and
“IV e have a Telephone now.”
Wouldn't you be proud to be listed
among the 600,000 most progressive
homes in Pennsylvania?
A Telephone puts your home in this
preferred class.
At Fauble’s....The Clothmg Surprise
Suits and Overcoats $25.00 ...... $10 Under Price
Now-- Now --Now
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