Newspaper Page Text
COSTS IN PENNSYLVANIA.
Milk, butter and cheese are but a
Wonder if the people of Centre
v 4 RA "
SUGGESTIVE CONTRASTS IN COW BACKBONE OF MANY IN- | SPLENDID WORK OF THE CEN-
Beworralic, Walden, COUNTY TAX COLLECTION DUSTRIES. TRE CO. SUNDAY SCHOOLS.
Bellefonte, Pa., July 3, 1925.
THE GLORIOUS FOURTH.
By Theodore H. Boice.
The starry flag waves greeting
To Freedom's natal day.
It ripples out with glory
Wherever breezes play;
It floats in stately beauty
Mid arctic ice and snow.
Through all the zones it flutters
And gems the tropic glow.
The eagle screams in triumph
Its welcome to the day
And spreads its wings exultant
Where liberty holds sway.
From ocean unto ocean
And far beyond the seas
Its notes of shrill defiance
Are borne by every breeze.
The orators are telling
The glories of the land
That at the front of nations
Now boldly makes its stand,
And eloquent are tributes.
They to their country pay
And rousing are the plaudits
On Freedom's natal day.
From early dawn till midnight
There's constant jubilee
Through all the broad dominions
That spread from sea to sea,
For ’tis on this occasion
All patriots are gay
And join in celebration
Of Freedom’s natal day.
The National Air Transport. Inc.,
a $10,000,000 corporation, backed by
more than a score of the Nation's
business leaders has been organized
in Chicago to operate the first air-
plane express and freight service
over night, between New York and
This large group, with two million
dollars already paid in, indicates lo
industrial aviation that Chicago is
taking the lead for the nation with
headquarters of the company in that
Tolonet Paul Henderson, Second
Assistant Postmaster General, in
charge of air and railway mail, last
week tendered his resignation to the
government to accept appointment as
general manager of the newly formed
corporation, the resignation to be ef-
fective August 1. Colonel Henderson,
who in three years has developed the
air and mail service to its present
“One of the first objectives of the
company organization will be win-
ning of a contract for carrying the
night mail between Chicago and New
York. It is not planned to utilize the
service for carrying of passengers.”
Recently exhaustive surveys have
been made by the government, by the
Chicago Association of Commerce and
independently by some of the business
men on this board, to determine how
much freight and express might be
expected for the air route between the
Atlantic coast and this middle west-
The government’s survey was a
source of great encouragement to the
promoters of the commercial line, as
it indicated that vast quantities of
mail and other shipments of numerous
Chicago and eastern commercial and
industrial institutions would at once |
be forwarded by air when a service
was available. Saving in time is the
principal reason that was given. Sav-
ing of interest on commercial paper
in transit was stated by many bank-
ers interviewed to promise an appre-
ciable amount and an important rea-
son why this would henceforth pass
by the airway rather than by rail.
The new corporation expects to ac-
cept shipments of various kinds at
night in Chicago and New York, and
to deliver them early the next morn-
ing in the opposite cities. With the
night air mail business men can write
letters late in the afternoon, forward
shipments at the close of the business
day and place both at their distant
destination the next morning.
A Washington dispatch says:
“Harry S. New, Postmaster General,
in an interview recently said he would
welcome any offer from a private con-
cern to take over the air mail between
New York and Chicago whenever it is
shown that this mail can be handled
as expeditiously and as well as it is
now being carried in government
‘planes, when his attention was called
to the formation in Chicago of the
National Air Transport, Inc. a cor-
poration to carry freight and express
by air between Chicago, New York
and other points.
Six Per Cent. Increase in Auto
The rate at which people are being
killed by automobiles continues to in-
crease, in spite of the fact that New
York city was able to report a reduc-
tion for the month of May, from 101
last year to 94 this year.
Returns from the nation at large up
to May 16th show that the number of
deaths have increased six per cent.
over the same period in 1924, accord-
ing to the statisticians of the Metro-
politan Life Insurance Company. The
percentage is obtained from the
deaths among sixteen million indus-
trial policy holders which group is an
indicative cross-section of the entire
Truant Officers Can’t Get Him. °
When he was fifteen years old,
studies at the Central High school in
Philadelphia proved too slow for Da-
vid Elinsky. He went to State Col-
lege, took the entrance examinations,
passed then with the best record ever
made, and became a freshman in the
civil engineering course. Philadelphia
truant officers traced him there when
he failed to attend public school.
Elinsky graduated from Penn State
this week with honors, and expects to
return in the fall to work for a de-
gree in architectural engineering. He
will then have two college degrees be-
fore he is nineteen years of age.
| Philadelphia collects all of her tax-
. es for about $400,000 a year. Based
on the population according to the
latest census, this means that Phila-
| delphia collects taxes at the rate of
: $219 for each 1000 of population.
| Allegheny county’s estimated annu-
i al cost for collecting all taxes is about
$625,000, although, according to the
same census, the population is up-
wards of 600,000 fewer than Philadel-
phia’s. Thus the collection cost in Al-
jegheny county is $527 per 1000 of
population, according to one compu-
It costs Allegheny county, which
includes Pittsburgh, more than twice
as much in proportion to population
to collect taxes in the county as it
does in Philadelphia. This big differ-
ence exists despite comparatively the
same favorable facilities for easy col-
Fayette county’s cost for collecting
all taxes, according to reputable busi-
ness men of the county, is about $250,-
000 a year. Thus, although having
only about one-tenth of the population
of Philadelphia county, which is the
same as the city of Philadelphia, Fay-
ette’s taxpayers have to pay nearly as
| much in the aggregate for collection
i as do Philadelphia’s taxpayers.
The cost per 1000 of population in
Fayette county is about $1329.
It costs Fayette county six times as
much as it does in Philadelphia, in
proportion to population.
Delaware county’s cost of collection,
per 1000 of population and based on
the very lowest possible estimate, is
more than three times the Philadel-
phia cost per 1000.
Montgomery county’s taxpayers,
likewise, have to pay, per 1000 of pop-
ulation, at the very least, more than
three times the Philadelphia cost per
Complete surveys would undoubted-
ly show that the differences between
Delaware and Montgomery county
costs and the Philadelphia costs are
even greater than are here indicated.
Luzerne county pays upwards of
$337,000 a year to collect taxes. The
cost per 1000 of population, therefore,
is at least $862, or about four times
the Philadelphia cost per 1000.
There is one township in the State
(undoubtedly there are many others),
where the cost of collection, per 1000
of population, is $1000, or nearly five
times the Philadelphia rate. It should
be much cheaper to collect in a small,
compact township than in a large
Chester county, according to one es-
timate, appears to pay at least three
times the Philadelphia cost per 1000
For the fiscal year 1923-24, it cost
taxpayers $1,867,129 to collect $104,-
! 536,327 in school taxes. In addition,
taxpayers had to pay also for the col-
lection of the following local and
county taxes: For poor taxes, road
taxes, city taxes, county taxes, town-
ship taxes and borough taxes.
Therefore it is probable that the
cost of ~collecting all these county and
local taxes throughout the State is be-
tween $4,000,000 and $5,000,000 a
A more efficient plan of collection
would save taxpayers at least $3,000,-
000 a year in unnecessary overhead.
It costs $17 to collect every $1000 of
school taxes in Pennsylvania.
Ohio collects all taxes for $4.06 per
$1000 of taxes.
Pennsylvania pays four times as
much for collecting school taxes alone
as Ohio and a number of other com-
parable States pay for collecting all
Aute Riders Fill Church, Ingenuous
Rev. H. C. Abbott, pastor of the
Maplewood Baptist church at Malden,
Mass., has discovered a new way to
bring out his congregation to the Sun-
| tions of the automobile, as an instru-
ment of the devil that kept church
pews empty, while the church mem-
bers took automobile tours.
But Rev. Abbott likes automobile
riding himself. Also he likes to see
the church well filled.
So he tried the new idea, and all
persons attending the Sunday services
at the Maplewood church were taken
on an automobile ride as a part of the
Members of the congregation fur-
nished a fleet of snappy motor cars.
The cars were drawn up in front of
the church at 10:30 a. m., and when
the church members had assembled
they were bundled into the machines.
With the Rev. Abbott heading the
line, the automobiles were on their
way. All the principal strees of Mal-
den were traversed.
After the ride the congregation was
taken back to the church where its
members listened to a brief, snappy
sermon and received the benediction.
Even Despised Rat Can be Made
Engineers running a line of power
cables from the Canadian side of Ni-
agara Falls to Buffalo were halted
temporarily when they found that the
steel towers used to carry the wires
over the stream already were loaded
to capacity. While searching along
the shore, workmen found a four-inch
gas main extending to the American
side of the river, which is nearly half
a mile wide and seventy-five feet deep
at this point. A large sewer rat was
captured, a stout string tied about its
body, and it was started through the
pipe. Half way across it stopped and
refused to go farther—another delay
and another problem. Finally one of
the engineers conceived the idea of
sending a weasel in pursuit of the rat.
The scheme worked. Not many sec-
onds later the rat popped out on the
American side, the string in tow and
the weasel close behind. Heavier cord
was pulled into the conduit and then
the power cables were dragged
through.—Popular Mechanics Maga.
For years the pulpits of the United
States have resounded with denuncia-.
part of the contribution that the dai-
ry cow makes to the welfare of hu-
manity. But for her we would be
without many of the conveniences and
luxuries that mark human life today.
That was the tribute paid the dairy
cow before the radio farm school of
the Blue Valley creamery institute by
K. L. Hatch, assistant director of ag-
ricultural extension at Wisconsin Uni-
“We are apt to think that the dairy
cow has fulfilled her mother function
when she has supplied the milk nec-
essary for the normal growth and
healthy development of the child,” Mr.
Hatch said. “But she does more than
this. The dairy cow is constantly
with us, although the products for
which she is responsible we often pass
“If we separate the butterfat in
milk from the other constituents we
have left skim milk. If we separate
the solids of skim milk ,we get sugar,
the solids of skim milk, we get sugar,
is largely used in food for infants and
in the preparation of medicine, while
the albumin is used in the preparation
of feeds for young animals. In dry-
ing the curds of skim milk we get
casein, which in the form of cottage
cheese is one of the most wholesome
of foods. In this form it has many
uses in the arts. Mixed with pigment
or lime, it has myriad uses in office,
shop and factory.
“The business man on his way to
work stops at the hotel cigar counter
and roils dice made in casein. He
opens his morning’s mail with a let-
ter opener ‘made of milk,” lights a ci-
garette held in place by a casein hold-
er, and settles himself to work with
his feet under a desk held together by
casein glue. He sharpens his pencil
with a casein handled knife and signs
his letters with a fountain pen made
of casein. At the close of the day he
enjoys a quiet game of poker, using
casein chips, while he draws smoke
through the stem of his merschaum
pipe, made of casein.
“His wife or sweetheart starts the
day with combing her hair with a
casein comb and polishing her nails
with a casein polisher, while boiling
the morning coffee in a pot with a
casein handle. She then dons her hat
with its ornamental casein buckle, fast-
ens her cloak with its casein button,
and turns off the electric light with
its casein switch. Her afternoon is
spent either at bridge with its casein
sized cards, or shuffling the casein
made pieces of Mah Jong. And when
she takés her nap her eyes are sooth-
ed by the soft casein colors on the
“Hats off to the dairy cow!”
OVERWGRKING THE OLD HEART.
If you had a pump that had been
working steadily and faithfully for
fifty years, without ever missing a
stroke or failing to do its work, you'd
be pretty well satisfied to let it alone
You wouldn’t expect it after all
those years of service, to do the work
of a new machine and to pump four
-or five times its usual amount. You’d
know if it did something would be apt
The human heart, whatever poets
may say about it, is just a pump.
Steadily, regularly, from sixty to sev-
enty times a minute, sixty minutes
every hour, twenty-four hours every
day, all the days of your life from
birth until death, it goes on pumping,
Dilating and contracting with every
beat, it forces the blood all over the
body. As long as it works perfectly,
you never know it’s there.
But no machine is as strong after
fifty years’ work as it was at ten or
twenty. So no heart at fifty can
Stond what the heart can at twenty-
Julius Fleischmann, millionaire
yeast king of Cincinnati, was a great
lover of sports, especially outdoor
games. He played polo and tennis
and hand-ball. All excellent games
but strenuous. Mr. Fleischmann was
fifty-two but in perfect health.
Some time ago he played an espe-
cially fast game of polo. When the
game was over he rode to the side lines
and dismounted. Then, before any
one could get to him, he dropped
What happened ?
“dilated heart.” What made the heart
dilate? Fifty-two years.
Polo and tennis and hand-ball and
foot ball and basket ball are all splen-
did games—for young men. But they
are too fast and call for too much
heart strain to be safe amusements
for men past their youth.
Golf and walking are safer and
wiser. If you are past forty-five, no
matter how strong and well you are,
don’t overstrain your heart. Keep it
going at its usual gait. But don’t run
for street cars, don’t lift heavy bur-
dens, don’t expect your faithful old
pump to do the work of cne twenty
The doctors said
Precursor of “the Sane Fourth.”
Philadelphia had a law against fire-
works fifty-five years before the Dec-
laration of Independence was signed,
and the law is still valid and on the
statute books, in the opinion of the
city’s law department. The depart-
ment asserted that there has been a
long succession of laws and ordinanc-
es covering the sale and use of explo-
sives since 1721. The opinion follows:
“Ever since 1721 by various stat-
utes and ordinances it has been made
unlawful to set off or explode fire-
works of any description in that city.
The act of August 26 of that year pro-
vided that no person should make or
cause to be made, or sell, utter or of-
fer, or expose to sale, any squib, rock-
et or other fireworks, or cast, throw or
fire any squibs, rockets or other fire-
works within the city of Philadelphia
without the Governor's special li-
“Johnny,” said the teacher reprov-
ingly, “you mispelled most of the
words in your composition.
“Yes’m; I'm going to be a dialect
county have ever fully considered the
scope of the organization and the
work of the County Sabbath School
Association and its various depart-
Wonder if you know that some of
the work of these Sunday schools and
some of its departments do not hold
their sessions in the Sunday school
* For instance, in Centre county we
find 102 Sunday schools and 71 of
these have cradle rolls where 1260
boys and girls not yet old enough to
attend Sunday school are registered,
kept in touch with and remembered
on certain anniversary days, thus
bringing the Sunday school to them
long before they can regularly go to
Then other outside work is done by
our county Sunday school Association
through the Sunday schools. For in-
stance, those who cannot attend the
regular sessions because of infirmity
or household duties, or the necessity
of having to work at that time these
are looked after by the Home depart-
ment, and Centre county has 51 of
her Sunday schools with Home de-
partments where 774 members are en-
rolled and to whom lesson helps and
other literature is sent so that at
some other time they may study the
lesson for that Sunday. ‘
It will be interesting to the gray
heads who have not kept step with the
march of progress in the Sunday
schools of Pennsylvania to know that
the Sunday school of his boyhood has
almost disappeared. The Sunday
schools of today teach the same Jesus
and His everlasting love, but are con-
ducted along more progressive lines
and through the agency of the great
Pennsylvania State Sabbath School
Association and its large staff of spe-
cialists and its field force, every angle
of Sunday school work is studied and
handed down through the county and
district organizations to the individ-
We should be proud of the work
being done by the Centre county As-
sociation, headed by president Foster,
and be proud of the 12 district organ-
izations into which the county is di-
It .nakes one shudder to think what
our community would be today had it
never felt the influence of the Sunday
school and it, also, makes one wonder
as to what could be accomplished for
the betterment of Centre county if
every member of our great army of
Sunday school folks were to be keen-
ly alive to the splendid opportunity
that is theirs in such service.
FROM A JULY 4 SPEECH
BY PRESIDENT WILSON.
Every patriotic American is a man
who is not niggardly and selfish in the
things he needs that make for human
liberty and: the rights of man, but
wants to share it with the whole
world. And he is never so proud of-
the great flag as when it means for
other people as well as himself the
symbol of liberty and freedom. I
would be ashamed of this flag if it
ever did anything outside of America
that we would not permit it to do in-
side of America. We stand for the
mass of the men, women and children
who make up the vitality of every na-
The world is becoming more com-
plicated every day. Therefore no man
ought to be foolish enough to think he
understands it, and that is the reason
why I am so glad to know there are
some simple things in the world. One
of those simple things is principle.
Honasty is a perfectly simple thing.—
Penn State Faces a Busy Summer.
Living up to its reputation as “a
college that never stops work,” The
Pennsylvania State College started
another busy summer with the open-
ing of its sixteenth annual summer
session on Monday. Branch sessions
opened at the same time in Altoona
and Erie to serve the needs of school
teachers in those districts who desire
to study at home. The total enroll-
ment of the session will probably
reach 2,000 men and women. Each of
the six schools of the college, repre-
senting thirty departments, will give
courses until August 8.
Weatures of the session will be a
ga hering of school superintendents
and directors in August, and a num-
ber of special courses given under the
direction of the State Department of
Public Instruction at Harrisburg.
Capacity enrollment is found at the
Institute of French Education where
no student is allowed to speak any
but the French language, under pen-
alty of dismissal from the course.
——1If it’s readable, it is here.
Back Bad Today?
Then Find the Cause and Correct it
As Other Bellefonte Folks Have.
There’s little rest or peace for the
Days are tired and weary—
Night brings no respite.
Urinary troubles, headaches, dizzi-
ness and nervousness, all tend to pre-
vent rest or sleep.
Why continue to be so miserable ?
Why not use a stimulant diuretic to
Use Doan’s Pills.
Your neighbors recommend Doan’s.
Read this Bellefonte case:
Mrs. H. W. Johnson, Valentine St.,
says: “I felt so miserable with back-
ache I could hardly stand. Mornings
when I came down stairs Iwas so
lame I couldn’t raise my feet to go up
the steps again. My kidneys were
disordered and annoyed me. Doan’s
Pills from Runkle’s drug store soon
put an end to my suffering.”
Price 60c, at all dealers. Don’t
simply ask for a kidney remedy—get |
Doan’s Pills—the same that Mrs.
Johnson had. Foster-Milburn Co.,
Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y. 70-27
Lyon & Co.
Lyon & Co.
Come in and See How Much
$1 will Buy Here on July 8
10 yards of Scrim for ooo oe eee eee $1.00
10 yards of Toweling for
8 yards of Unbleached Muslin for. _.______ $1.00
5 yards of Cretonne for
Ladies---One Lot of Dress Skirts.....$1.00
¥=See our $1.00 Tables with
Good Values for that money.
« Lyon & Co.
Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
Ladies’ Guaranteed Silk Hose
These Hose are guaranteed
not to develop a “runner” in
the leg nor a hole in the heel
If they do this you
will be given a new pair free.
We Have them in All Colors
Yeager’s Shoe Store »
THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN
Bush Arcade Building
58-27 BELLEFONTE, PA.