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Bellefonte, Pa., Jaunary 18, 1924.
TO A FUR SCARF.
The trap jaws clanked and held him fast;
None marked his fright; none heard his
His struggles ceased; he lay at last
With wide, uncomprehending eyes
And watched the sky grow dark above
And watched the sunset burn to gray,
And quaked in anguish while he strove
To gnaw the prisoned leg away.
Then ‘day came rosy from the East,
But still those steel jaws kept their hold
And no one watched the prisoned beast
But Fear and Hunger, Thirst and Cold.
Oppressed by pain, his dread grew numb;
Fright no more stirred his flagging
He longed in vain to see him come,
The awful biped, bringing death.
The day flapped past on heavy wing,
He saw the shadows longer grow,
A hopeless, wracked and dying thing
Encircled by the trampled snow.
Then through the gloom that night came
Who set the timid spirit free.
“I know thy anguish, little son.
So once men trapped and tortured me.”
¥. F. V., in New York Tribune.
HOW TO STOP BLEEDING.
The weekly health letter of the
Pennsylvania Department of Health
is prepared this week by Dr. A. W.
Colcord, surgeon to the Carnegie
Steel company, Clairton, Pennsylva-
nia. Dr. Colcord, who has had a wide
experience in industrial life, says in
regard to stopping hemorrhage:
“When a wound bleeds, nature tries
to stop it by the formation of a clot.
We can hasten this and so aid nature,
by placing sterile gauze over the
wound, applying pressure and putting
the part at rest. This method is
known as “direct pressure.” We may
make pressure with the hand or fin-
ger over the gauze and follow with a
snug bandage. If we have no roller
bandage, we may use a folded trian-
gubir bandage, a handkerchief or any
piece of cloth at hand.
This method applies equally well
for the steady flow of dark blood
from a vein, the oozing from the cap-
illaries or the spurting in jets of
bright red blood from a small artery.
Even when a large artery is cut, as
shown by the large spurts thrown
some distance from the wound, we
should at once apply direct pressure.
If this fails and if the bleeding is from
an arm or leg, apply a tourniquet al-
ways above the elbow or knee where
there is only one bone. For this we
may use a strap, a piece of strong
rubber tubing, or a handkerchief tied
loosely and then twisted by a stick or
lead pencil. Twist only until the
spurting stops. It will not stop bleed-
ing from vein or capillary. If too
much force is used, we may injure the
artery and cause gangrene of the
Hemorrhages from wounds of head,
face, neck or body can usually be
controlled by direct pressure.
Remember these are only first aid
measures and are to be used only “till
the doctor comes.”
In the making of his 1923 income
tax return the business man, profes-
sional man, and farmer may deduct
from gross income all items properly
attributable to business expenses. In
the case of a storekeeper they include
amounts spent for rent of his place
of business, advertising, premiums
for insurance against fire or other
losses, the cost of water, light, and
heat used in his place of business,
drayage and freight bills, the cost of
repairs and maintenance to delivery
wagons and trucks, and a reasonable
allowance for salaries of employees.
A professional man, lawyer, doctor,
or dentist may deduct the cost of
supplies used in his profession, ex-
penses paid in the operation and re-
pair of an automobile used in making
professional calls, dues to profes-
sional societies, subscriptions to pro-
fessional journals, office rent, cost of
light, heat, and water used in his of-
fice, and the hire of office assistants.
The farmer may deduct amounts paid
in the production and harvesting of
his crops, cost of seed and fertilizer
used, cost of minor repairs to farm
buildings (other than the dwelling),
and cost of small tools used up in the
course of a year or two.
Commands That Clashed.
Little Billy was visiting his grand-
mother, and she was doing her best
to give the small boy a good time.
he morning after his arrival she
called one of the neighbor's children
over to play with him.
“There, now,” remarked grandma
in her kindliest tone. “You two can
have a good time together.”
Bat the two boys merely stared at
each other across the room, and
Fondnia could not quite understand
“Come now, children,” she said,
“Go on out into the garden, Billy,
and strike an acquaintance.”
“But grandma,” complained the lit-
tle boy, “mother told me just before
I came away not to fight.”
Portable Stove for Skaters.
For coasting or skating parties an
excellent stove can be made from an
old metal bucket and a discarded ket-
tle, says Popular Science Monthly.
The kettle is inverted and riveted to
the bucket, bottom to bottom. Holes
are punched about the base of the
bucket to aid combustion. A charcoal
or wood fire built in the bucket will
be sufficient to warm chilled hands,
but will not be so hot that the stove
cannot be carried from place to place
by the handle.
“Did you hear about that Ag. stu-|
dent who swallowed some nitrate fer-
He's complaining of grow-
BIRDS FAVOR DUST BATHS
Creatures of the Wild Are Extremely
Clean and Well-Groomed
Except When lll.
Creatures of the wild, both biras
and beasts, are extremely clean.
Feathers and coats are invariably
sleek and well-groomed, unless the
creature Is unwell. It is a sure sign
that something is wrong if you see
rufiled feathers or a coat that Is
tangled and dirty.
Birds use both water and dust for
cleaning themselves. Some prefer one,
some the other. The sparrow likes a
dust bath, though when the weather is
very warm he may be seen splashing
about In the roadside puddles after a
It is usually the birds that live on
the wing that use water for washing.
Birds that spend most of their time
on the ground like a dust bath, to get
rid of the insects and other irritating
creatures which are picked up from
The pheasant and the partridge
never go near water except when they
are thirsty, and require it for drinking
Fowls are the same. Give them ac-
cess to dust, and you can see them en-
joying themselves in it. Feathers are
ruffled, so the dust can get to the skin,
from which the fowl shakes it when
the bath is finished. Then comes a
great preening with the bill, for the
feathers keep the body warm and wa-
tertight, and unless each is In its
proper place the air penetrates to the
Birds that live in the water never
take a dust bath. They splash them-
selves for cleanliness, shaking their
wings and working the water up and
down between thelr feathers.
A cat, of course, keeps itself clean
by the aid of its tongue, and never
seems to tire of making its toilet, the
tongue acting as a sponge, brush and
A dog cleans itself by rolling on
grass and then shaking itself. In the
summer it will take a dip in a pond
or stream. Automatically, its coat
remains tidy, though a good brushing
will always be appreciated.—Londor
PERFUME MADE FROM FRUIT
Flowers, Herbs and Spices Also Used
in Making of Sweet
Flowers, fruit, herbs and spices are
the sources from which perfumes are
obtained. Oranges and lemons are
the chief fruits used for the purpose;
lavender holds first place among the
herbs, and cinnamon among the spices.
Oils from nuts are also often used, and
so is the sap from the cedar tree.
Manufacturers extract the perfume by
the process of distilling, but there are
much simpler ways of preparing small
quantities of scent, and it is to these,
rather than to the more elaborate
methods, that the amateur would turn
her attention. Oils, wood and roots
may be regarded as beyond the scope
of the amateur, but almost all of the
flower scents are easy enough to make
at home. Any sweet-scented flowers,
such as night-scented stock, violets
and roses, can be used as a basis. The
simplest method of producing liquid
scent is to soak the petals of the flow-
ers in hot oil. Allow this to stand
until cool and then gently heat again.
After doing this several times, pour
off the oil and repeat, using fresh
flowers. This should be done several
times until the scent absorbed by the
oil has become sufficiently strong.
Some scents, such as eau-de-cologne,
are made by mixing a number of dif-
ferent things, and as the amateur
makes progress with her hobby she
will find great fascination in inventing
blends of her own. .
“Where shall you spend your vaca-
“In the country, where knighthood
used to be in flower.”
“] gee. First merrie England, where
Henry VIII prepared to meet King
Francis on the field of the cloth of
gold. You follow in his footsteps—
you reach old Aquitaine, where sang
the troubadours. ’'Twas the home of
fair Queen Eleanor. To win a smile
from her many a prince broke a lance.
Thence to Spain, the land of ro-
“No, no. You don’t understand.
I'm going to Indiana.”
Remedy for Unrest.
The solemn man in the smoker said
never a word for many a mile. FKinal-
ly, however, he turned to his seat
mate and remarked: ‘There is muéh
unrest in the world just now, my
friend; much unrest.”
“I hope you are not unmindful of
the fact that we each have a duty.
We must combat this unrest.”
“I'm doing my best,” said the other
“As to how, my friend, as to how?”
“] manufacture mattresses.” —Pitts-
Camels on Russian Farms.
Peasants In some districts of Russia
are importing camels to take the place
of horses in the regular farm work,
according to recent reports, These
animals are desired, it 1s sald, because
they will eat almost anything and
thrive. Difficulty is experienced in
transporting them, however, as the
desert beasts of burden can be per-
suaded to enter a frelght car only
with the greatest difficulty. Some of
the farmers are using their cows for
draft purposes, but incorrect handling
is said to ruin them for milking.—
I'opulur Mechanics Magazine.
FOR AND ABOUT WOMEN.
Neither let mistakes nor wrong direc-
tions, of which every man, in his studies
and elsewhere, falls into many, discour-
age you. There is precious instruction to
be got by finding we were wrong. Let a
man try faithfully, manfully to be right;
he will grow daily more and more right.—
With the garment trade swinging
into the spring season more generally,
the recent showings by some of the
leading houses of their Palm Beach
and spring lines afford a definite idea
of the styles featured.
Steadily advancing interest in the
smartly severe tailleur is the com-
ment of Hattie Carnegie on the out-
standing style features. “I can say
with certainty that this rising inter-
est in the tailored suit is not in the
nature of a passing fad, but the rec-
ognition of the proper place occupied
by the tailleur in the wardrobe of the
really well-dressed woman,” said Miss
Carnegie. “Nothing replaces it for
morning wear, and nothing necessi-
tates such careful building up of de-
tails of the costume. I may say that
over to the practical value as well as
the style significance of the tailored
mode of mannish cut. The correct
length of this type of tailleur is short,
being at least ten inches from the
“Concerning the silhouette in gen-
eral, I feel that it is a mistake to al-
low one type to predominate at any
time. From a business standpoint as
well as that of style variation is an
essential factor to success. I there-
fore hold that both the straight line
and the circular developments are im-
“Concerning fabric choice for the
| southern resorts season, in sports
| wear, kasha, broadcloth, flannel, reps
! and heavy silk crepes are preferred.
In evening dress, lustrous and the re-
_versible crepes, with a supple satin,
lead. Crepe Romain continues for
| both day and evening wear.”
| Youthful beaded effects show small
motifs in crosswise patterns, executed
in silver crystal and metal beads on
' shrimp, flesh and white crepe “and
“Our Palm Beach opening during
the past two weeks revealed an un-
mistakable interest in black and
white” according to the expert of
another house. “We submitted two
versions. The first, a bold pattern in
black broadcloth applique upon dull
white crepe, and the second, a series
of prints in what might be termed the
new polka dots, which are conserva-
tive, youthful and practical. They
are equally well received and clearly
registered the buyer’s attitude toward
black and white.
“In the strictly tailored cloth dress-
es we found response to the straight
but not tight line, unbelted, sashed
and buttoned at the sides, the sleeve
being a moderate bell, showing an in-
ner sleeve of white. The V neck line
with the flat collar at the back is pop-
ular, and we use an inner vestee and
turn-back collar of white crepe de
“On the printed crepes we use con-
trasted bindings and narrow tie gir-
dles. We also feature a pleated front
and back section, or little cape.
Among the fabrics we are specializ-
ing in are high-grade twills, reps,
flannels, lustrous coverts, a heavy
grade of canton and crepe de chine.
“Qur colors include a green, which
we have had dyed in every fabric we
are using. All the tans scored at our
opening, with black and white and na-
hold to a conservative position and
maintain seven inches from the
ground as our conviction for the
Housewives should not keep their
pots and kettles too clean, declare the
home economics scientists at Colum-
bia University, or they will waste fu-
el. These instructions apply to the
outside bottoms of the utensils and
not to the inside.
The results of a long series of ac-
curate experiments made on ordinary
cooking utensils in the physics labor-
atories of Teachers’ College, Colum-
bia, by Professor F. F. Good prove
that utensils which have been “broken
in” so that their bottoms are rough
and smudged, use less fuel than new
utensils. The average efficiency of
aluminum utensils when new was 38.6
and of enameled ware was about 43.0
—that is the enameled ware was
about 11 per cent. more efficient.
After blackening the bottom the effi-
ciency of enameled ware went up as
high as 44.7.
One part boiled linseed thinned
with three parts turpentine makes an
excellent floor oil, the United States
Department of Agriculture finds,
while one part light motor or engine
oil combined with four parts kerosene
gives results similar to commercial
kinds. The motor oil recommended
must not be confused with the heavy,
less highly refined kinds that contain
Apples for Health.—There is much
truth in the old saying: “An apple a
day keeps the doctor away.” The
food value of the apple lies principally
in its acids and mineral salts, all of
which are valuable in ridding the body
of accumulations which develop upon
secretion into very decided poisons.
Apples purify the blood and give tone
to the organs of digestion.
Care of the Hands.—Women who
are afflicted with red hands should
never expose them to extremes of
heat or cold. Avoid tight gloves and
tight sleeves. If you do house work,
wear gloves whenever possible and
use only moderately warm water
when bathing the hands.
Conception of Cultivation.—Culti-
vation a generation ago meant the ac-
quaintance with letters and the fine
arts, and some knowledge of at least
two languages and literatures, and of
history. The term “cultivation” is
now much more inclusive. It includes
elementary knowledge of the sciences,
and it ranks high the subjects of his-
tory, government and. economics.—
Charles W. Eliot, in Atlantic.
To avoid deformed pullets and loss-
es due to smothering, teach the chicks
to perch early.
—Winter vetch does best as a cover
crop if a little rye is seeded with it.
—1It is best to feed cows after milk-
ing; if fed before, sufficient time
should elapse to allow all dust to set-
—Thin shelled eggs are caused by
poor feeding or the condition of the
hen. Supply plenty of oyster shell and
keep the fowls in good health.
—Before milking, the sides, flanks,
udder and tail of the cow should be
dampened with a clean, wet cloth, so
that loose hairs and other dry matter
will not fall into the milk pail.
—Whenever necessary to use posts
made from inferior timbers, treat
them with creosote before setting
them. This treatment can be given
now, provided the posts are seasoned
enough to take the treatment.
—A little axle grease or lubricating
oil applied freely to the point of a
nail will make it drive much easier in-
to seasoned timber such as white oak
or hickory. The grease will also have
a tendency to prevent the nail from
rusting in the timber.
—The proper time to select cock-
erels for the following breeding sea-
son is during the fall months. People
who intend purchasing cockerels
have a better opportunity to get bet-
ter birds now than next spring when
the supply is practically exhausted.
. —Just because the weather is cold
is no guarantee that milk does not
have to be cooled. A great quantity
of milk is spoiled through insufficient
cooling in winter. This is particularly
true of the night’s milk, and is due
largely to efforts of the dairyman to
keep the milk from freezing.
—The 1924 seed catalogues are ar-
riving in the mails. Don’t lay them
aside until spring. Read and study
them, and send your order off early.
By doing this, your order will be giv-
en more careful attention, there will
be less chance for mistakes, and the
best seed will not be exhausted.
—As a general rule, it is wise not
to feed moldy roughage or moldy
grain of any kind. Of course there
are many kinds of molds that are en-
tirely harmless but with the naked
eye it is impossible to pick out the
mold that will cause a lot of damage.
Therefore, the only safe thing is to
beware of molds.
—With the beginning of the new
year, it is a good idea to lay out a
plan of the crop planting for the com-
ing season. By planning ahead on
paper at an early date, plenty of time
is given to think over prospective
changes. And in figuring out next
year’s crop, don’t neglect alfalfa.
Many sections of the State are ideal
for this hay crop.
—A good rule to follow in feeding
the dairy cow is to give her one pound
of concentrates (grain) per day for
each three or four pounds of milk, de-
pending upon its richness. Ordinarily
you can give her all the good rough-
| age, such as legume, hay and silage,
which she will consume. About three
pounds of silage a day per 100 pounds
of live weight is the usual amount.
—The young pigs may well have
alfalfa, clover or soy-bean hay before
them wherever possible. It will les-
sen the tankage requirements and fur-
nish a filler which will do as a winter
substitute for pasture. Experiments
have proved that legume hay, espe-
cially alfalfa, is also a good feed to
keep before the brood sow. The hay
should be bright and clean and not too
X | coarse.
vy and white the big success in the!
In the matter of length we’
—If you have old clumps of rhu-
barb that need separating, it is a
good plan to separate them now. Re-
plant the younger roots and place the
old roots on a pile, cover lightly with
soil to prevent drying out, and allow
them to freeze. During January
place them in soil or ashes near the
boiler in the cellar and keep them
moist. The result will be fine rhubarb
for the table in February.
—With approximately 80,000 dis-
ease-free raspberry plants available
for distribution in 1924, prospects ap-
pear brighter for relief to the grower
from the serious menace of such dis-
eases as ‘mosaic, eastern blue stem,
leaf curl and cane blight.
Plant disease specialists of the ag-
ricultural extension department at the
Pennsylvania State College report
that thirteen raspberry plantations in
seven different counties of the State
were gone over during July and Au-
gust. All the plants showing the
slightest symptoms of these diseases
were removed and destroyed. These
plantations and others started from
the rogued areas will be followed
up carefully and inspected twice in
1924. It is the belief of the special-
ists that sources of plants can be se-
cured by the fall of 1924 through
these methods that will be 95 per
cent. free of the dreaded diseases.
—Economic production is the key-
note of agricultural prosperity in
Pennsylvania for 1924, according to
Dr. R. L. Watts, dean of the school of
agriculture at The Pennsylvania State
College, who recently declared that
farmers of the country have reason to
feel more optomistic for the new year
than they did a year ago.
One of the most important agricul-
tural features of the past year was
the unusual recovery of the purchas-
ing power of farm products from 75
in September, 1922, to about 92 at the
present time. Other statistics taken
from agricultural activities of the
past year also prove that farming
conditions are rapidly improving,
Dean Watts points out. He adds that
the same forces that tended to bring
farm prices and other prices closer
together in the last fifteen months are
likely to continue in operation during
There is no longer a hit-or-miss
practice in Pennsylvania agriculture,
and there is practically no single crop
farming that has proved unsuccessful
elsewhere, the dean declares.
“Looking towards 1924, the most
hopeful aspect is the fact that our
farmers ave looking more upon agri-
culture as a scientific game which
they are studying each day so that
they may become more skilled in it,”
says Dean Watts. “Co-operative mar-
keting is one problem that we expect
to see greatly advanced this year. Ee-
onomic production and standardiza-
tion of farm commodities will simpli-
fy the marketing problems.”
ARSC TR CCC U TIN ON ASN VAN RAMON ASEAN ANY XO
Many Young Men
made the First National Bank their
depository when their beginnings
were small, but remained with us
when their affairs grew to large pro-
portions. We believe we can be of
useful service to you and invite
your Checking Account.
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STATE COLLEGE, PA.
MEMBER FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
NEN el ss EIA NERA NES
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The First National Bank
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