Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 04, 1924, Image 6

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    mn ———
Bellefonte, Pa., January 4, 1924.
Restrictions on Their Freedom Are
Disappearing One After Another,
Says a Writer.
The contrast between the status of
these Moslem women and the position
of women in Turkey proper grows
steadily. In fact, the restrictions sur-
rounding Turkish women disappear
more and more almost daily. Four
years ago the Turkish woman shop-
per in Pera used to throw her veil
back while in the European quarter,
but would draw it over her face imme-
diately on crossing the bridge to Stam-
boul. Today the hanoum of the upper
class hardly wears the veil at all. It
hangs down from the side of the char-
shaf in a knot, and figures merely as
an ornament,
A number of Moslem girls of the
Turkish capital have become pupils
of Robert college, the American school
picturesquely situated on the hills of
Bebek, by the Bosporus. The num-
ber of Turkish women active in pro-
fessions has greatly increased. Dur-
ing my recent visit vo Constantinopie
I found that a young lady whom I had
first met six years before had but two
terms left to attain the degree of doc-
tor of philosophy, with the ultimate
aim of entering government service,
The rare abilities of Halide Edib Ha-
noum, the well-known Turkish woman
author, have been rewarded by her
nomination as minister of public in-
struction in the Turkish cabinet at
The last remnants of polygamy vir-
tually disappeared with the ascent to
the caliphate of his majesty Abdul
Medjid. He is the first ruler of the
Osman dynasty who adheres to the
western form of matrimony.—Edward
J. Bing, in Current History Magazine,
French House Owner Devises Scheme
to Enlist Tenants’ Interest in
the Property.
The constant increase in the price
of material and the wages of labor
tends to make the upkeep of any build-
ing an onerous affair for the owner.
The repairs called for by exacting ten-
ants go to increase the already heavy
overhead. This is further augmented
by the carelessness which many of
them show in allowing children and
servants to deteriorate the apartments
they rent.
A Paris house owner has just in-
vented an ingenious method of mak-
ing his tenants his allies in the care
and upkeep of the apartment house
he owns, says the Washington Star.
He has offered a prize of two months’
rent for the best-kept apartment and
has made the tenants themselves a
committee of inspection and award.
"As a consequence his house is now |
cleaned and polished from basement
to garret, children are carefully
watched when at play to prevent their
‘doing any damage, while the necessity
of care of the premises is impressed
on servants and tradespeople.
Each of the tenants, in the hope of
gaining the prize, competes with his
‘neighbors In care and cleanliness.
Paint and paper are kept spick and
span, while floors and staircases shine
with varnish. As any application for
repairs would be a confession of want
and care, the bill for the upkeep of
the establishment has fallen to zero.
The amount awarded as a prize to the
most careful tenant is therefore more
than covered by the diminution of the
In accordance with its educational
program, the Pennsylvania Depart-
ment of Health issues the following
statement on Bovine Tuberculosis.
Cattle are even more susceptible to
tuberculosis than are human beings.
Although the disease makes slow
progress and may escape detection
for a long time, except by experts,
the milk from a tuberculous cow may
cause tuberculosis in a human being.
It is difficult to determine accurately
what proportion of human tuberculo-
sis is due to infected milk, but at least
five per cent. and probably more, of
tuberculesis in childhood is so caused.
The only sure test of the cow’s free-
dom from tuberculosis is what is
known as the tuberculosis test when
it is done by an experienced veteri-
narian. Accuracy in the performance
of the test and skill in interpreting
it are essential. Unless the cows have
been so tested, it is safer to pasteur-
ize or to boil, all milk before it is giv-
en to babies and children. Adults are
much less susceptible to the action of
the bovine type of tubercle bacillus,
although even they are not entirely
One proof of the value of pastuer-
ization is found by comparing statis-
tics of countries which permit the sale
‘of raw milk, with those of communi-
ties which require that all market
milk be pasteurized. The number of
cases of tuberculosis in childhood is
much larger where raw market milk
is used routinely.
Tuberculin testing of cattle has to
be repeated to be effective, and under
the supervision of the federal govern-
ment many thousands of herds have
been freed entirely from tuberculosis. !
Repetition of the tuberculin test is
particularly important on farms
where the cattle live under unsanitary
conditions. Cleanliness, fresh air, sun-
light and good food are as necessary
for the prevention of tuberculosis in
cattle as they are in human beings.
A safe rule, therefore, is to pas-
teurize or boil milk, unless the cows
which produced it have been carefully
tested and are properly housed and
cared for.
Ne er a daisy that grows,
But a mystery guideth the growing;
Never a river that flows,
But a majestic scepters the flowing;
Never a Shakespeare that soared,
But a stronger than he did enfold him;
Never a prophet foretells,
But a mightier seer hath foretold him.
—Richard Realf.
The travel coat should be warm,
light in weight, comfortably roomy,
yet smart, practical, but good to look
London reports an increasing inter-
est in high collars on dressy gowns.
his is surely a radical change, but
does not seem one to be taken too
seriously here where such a large
percentage of women would find it ut-
terly impossible to wear them.
Ready-to-wear especially designed
for little women is the latest innova-
tion of service in manufactured ap-
parel for women, and is unquestiona-
bly the result of insistent demand as
was the origin of special clothes for
stout women.
A long tunic blouse of black velvet
is weighted at the lower edge with a
wide band of soft gray fur and has a
panel front effect done in gray beads.
This blouse has an incased elastic at
each side under the arm at a long
waistline, to give a little shaping an
keep the fullness in place, and full-
length flare or bell sleeves that are
also trimmed with the beading.
One of the latest Parisian novelties
is jeweled brassiere straps, a device
that has long been wanted by the
women who wear full evening attire.
So far these essentials have been ex-
pensively reproduced in precious
stones, but it is predicted that the
need and novelty of them will create
a demand for less expensive ones and
that this demand will be filled.
It is said, and by one with author-
itative information, that we set the
style in corsets, that the French wom-
an gladly wears our style of corsets
that have a tendency to flatten the
bust, preferring instead a bust sup-
porter that confines the figure but
does not destroy its natural curves.
The knitted robe or bathgown, coat
style, with low side closing, long col-
lar and full-length bell seeves, is so
ideally comfortable, besides being good
looking and new, that it is much in
Had you a thought of going to the
dress goods department of the stores
for curtain materials? A great many
women are doing it with delightful re-
sults. One store, realizing how prac-
tical this idea is, is displaying some
lovely dress materials which will
make perfectly stunning draperies.
One is a crepe basket weave, 36 inch-
es wide, which costs 45 cents a yard
and is a favorite. Pongee in a rough
weave like shantung is 50 cents a
| yard, and a highly mercerized poplin
{1s 60 cents. This is very lustrous and
I includes some particularly wonderful
| shades. Any of these fabrics may be
I'split, which makes them very inex-
! pensive, and there is a wide range of
| charming colors.
It’s often so difficult to find favors
for the kiddies’ party, don’t you
think? So I'm sure you will like
something which I came across the
other day. It will also be delightful
for the little shut-in or to put away
for the small Christmas stocking. It’s
2 box of perfectly adorable crayon
pencils with bunny heads. The long
cars are made of crepe paper and
they're the cutest faces you ever saw.
There are six different colors and the
whole box costs only 60 cents.
For four years now a certain lady
has been looking at a shabby silk
lampshade that has been growing
shabbier as each year passed. Every
spring as she dusted this rose-colored
{lampshade and put it away, she
| thought she would surely recover it in
| the fall. But when fall came she put
; it in use “for just a little while,” and
{ lo and behold! the the next spring she
! would find herself packing the same
{ lampshade away amid the same soft
promises. Poor rose lampshade that
| had gotten frayed and grayed and
{ dingy looking!
And yet, do you know, if this lady
had had a picture of pretty lamp-
shades right in front of her, and sug-
gestions for materials and color
schemes, it is likely that rose silk
shade would not have had a chance to
stay shabby for more than a week at
She might have been interested in
a shade which is of printed linen in
green and orange and black, and lined
with deep yellow silk and bound at
the edge with gold braid. Or the
striped shade of ecru and black pon-
gee, finished at the edges with ecru
moss edging. She might have obtain-
ed inspiration from the four-sided
shade of silver cloth lined with flame
red chiffon and ornamented with an
appliqued oval of black embroidered
in bright colors.
There are many ideas for lamp-
shades which are really inspiring.
| The demure shade of criss-cross black
i and white silk, the fulled shade of
i polka-dot silk in cherry and cream,
| the green silk shade flounced with
| scallops of green and white gingham,
the silvercloth shade appliqued with a
| flower basket of richly hued silks and
banded at top and bottom with deep
blue and black.
And when it comes to shades for
| that hanging light above the dressin
| table, why there’s nothing more ef-
fective and simple to make than one
of checked cretonne with two ap-
pliqued panels and harmonizing plain
| material.
Honey Sponge "Cake.—Cream the
| beaten yolks of 8 eggs with § of a
. |
cupful of strained honey, add three- | the :
i pecially important” that eankors and
"blighted areas be removed from pear
eightha cupful potatoe flour, aifted 3
times with a half teaspoonful of salt
and a quarter teaspoonful of baking
powder, and fold in the stiffly whipped
| egg whites with a few drops of lemon
juice. Bake at once in a deep, un-
greased tin in moderate oven for forty
minutes. A tube tin is excellent for
this cake. When baked. invert and
the cake will drop out as it cools.
but refuses our types of brassieres
—Are the walls of your barn cov-
ered with a coating of white forst in
the morning? If so, it is an indica-
tion that the ventilation is poor. Pure
air is just as important to livestock
as good food and water. Consult your
county agent on proper barn ventila-
—The new year will soon be here.
January first is a good time to start
keeping accurate accounts that will
show you which of your farming en-
terprises are paying. Ask your coun-
ty agent for an account book and find
out for yourself whether you are
farming at a profit or a loss.
—Corn stored in October or Novem-
ber will shrink in total weight the
first year from 5 to 20 per cent., de-
pending on the maturity. The big-
gest shrinkage comes in the first
month it is stored, with a considera-
ble loss of weight again in April.
Remember this fact in buying and
selling corn.
—Experiments conducted at The
Pennsylvania State College and the
experience of many cattle feeders has
shown that corn silage and cottonseed
meal make an economical and efficient
ration for fattening cattle. This
method of producing beef has proved
far superior to the old plan of feeding
corn and cob meal, wheat bran, mixed
hay and corn stover.
—Delivering frozen milk to a
creamery is a losing proposition.
Whatever adheres to the can or cov-
er, as well as all floating ice particles,
constitute a clear loss. In their en-
deavor to prevent freezing, many dai-
rymen make no effort to cool the
night’s milk until the following
morning. As a result, there is a con-
tinuous bacterial growth in the warm
milk all night long, and the milk is
frequently badly tainted.
—Disease free potatoes are work-
ing wonders for the junior farmers of
Pennsylvania as well as for their
“Dads.” Last spring members of the
Beaver county potato club planted
disease free seed and home grown
seed to see which was best. The re-
sults reported to State College show
that the imported seed outyielded the
home grown by 61 bushels per acre.
The boys’ potato clubs in Sullivan
county report the same success with
disease free seed.
—Automobile owners, anticipating
trouble with their radiators this win-
ter, are plying the Pennsylvania De-
partment of Agriculture with requests
for information regarding the glucose
substitute for denatured alcohol to
prevent water from freezing, the for-
mula for which was published last
The substitute is ordinary glucose,
a simple sugar made from starch,
which comes in the form of a color-
less liquid. It can be purchased for
from five to ten cents a pound. Three
pounds are required for an ordinary
Ford car, and for larger cars, in pro-
Investigations conducted over a
period of four years by Dr. Charles H.
Lowell, chemist for the Bureau of
Foods, show that in proportions of
one pound (1% pints) of glucose to a
gallon of water, the mixture in the ra-
diator will not freeze until a tempera-
ture of five degrees above zero is
reached. To farmers and persons not
having heated garages, the discovery
is invaluable since the temperature in
most buildings very rarely drops to 5
degrees F.
At ten degrees above zero, the glu-
cose mixture becomes slushy but it
does not freeze and in no way does it
interfere with the circulation of the
water. The slushing feature is no
drawback as long as the water con-
nections are large.
The glucose will not evaporate, as
alcohol does, and providing there are
no leaks in the radiator one mixture
of glucose and ‘ water will last for
months. Another point in favor of
the glucose is that it does not have
any ill effects upon the radiator or
upon the rubber connections. Wher-
ever the temperature does not drop
below 5 degrees F., it gives splendid
results as a substitute for denatured
_—Apple and pear trees would be
less likely to suffer a general attack
of blight next year if the grower,
when he prunes his trees, would re-
move and destroy all signs of canker
and blighted patches which serve as a
winter home for the blight bacteria. -
Although blossom and twig blight
were not so noticeable this summer as
in other years, specialists of the Bu-
reau of Plant Industry of the State
Department of Agriculture have
found many isolated orchards in
Pennsylvania where the apple and
pear trees have suffered severely from
this disease.
—It can be taken for granted ac-
cording to these plant specialists, that
such cases arise from hold-over cank-
ers in nearby trees—limbs or other
blighted areas in which the organism
of the disease has successfully weath-
ered the winter.
_A few bacteria which survive un-
til spring multiply rapidly when the
tree renews its growth and from the
cankers and blighted branches there
is exuded a sappy liquid which is
teeming with these bacterial organ-
isms. Insects then carry the infec-
tion to new ground in making their
daily rounds among the blossoms in
their search for nectar.
Since the bacteria multiply rapidly
in the nectar of flowers the infection
soon spreads far and wide and blos-
som blight results. In susceptible va-
rieties, such as the Grimes Golden ap-
ple, infection of this kind is excep-
tionally dangerous because twig-kiil-
ing, which is ordinarily the limit of
destruction in the more resistant va-
rieties, is in the case of Grimes Gold-
en, carried on down the branch so that
the tree loses a great part of its top.
The natural conclusion, therefore, is
that all indications of blight should be
removed before winter. There is no
better time for the task than during
the regular pruning period. It is es-
trees and from the Grimes Golden.
Ordinarily the organism survives in
only a small percentage of the blight-
ed limbs so that if a thorough job. is
made of the removal, it is extremely
unlikely that a few patches which
may have been overlooked will con-
tain live bacteria next spring.
Who They Are Is One of New York
City's Greatest Mysteries,
Says Writer.
New York is a city of mysteries in
more ways than one. It is an old
legend that we do not know the names
of the people in the next flat and, like
most legends, that is not exactly true,
says a writer in the New York Sun
and Globe, but there is one case of
anonymity which has bothered a great
many New Yorkers and does not ap-
per to have any really good solution:
That is the identification of the little
stenographer who works directly
across the court, or even across the
street, at a window just opposite yours
which is entirely destitute of sign or
indication of what sort of a place it is.
More than one man has puzzled over
this problem even to the extent of
searching the building adjacent to dis-
cover an answer to the query in his
heart, but something always seems to
be coming up to block him.
More than one young man has stood
long hours in front of the entrance to
the adjacent building, but stenog-
raphers do not appear to look the same
when they emerge in their street
clcthes as when one glimpses them
through a glamorous window.
Probably it is the same way with
young men—that they, too, go unrecog-
nized when they stand uncertainly
upon a curbstone in a cake eater's
costume without the identifying eye-
At any rate it has been suggested
that every business office should have
some identifying sign upon its side as
well as its front windows and that
there ought to be some way of making
acquainted these young persons who
spend so much of their employers’ time
in friendly but futile staring across the
great open spaces of downtown New
Many Have Been Searched for Buried
Wealth and Sometimes It Has
Been Found.
There are quite a number of islands
dcattered about the world whereon
buried treasure exists. And people
are always trying to find it.
Quite a score of attempts have been
made, for instance, to unearth the
treasure alleged to be buried on Cocos
island. Yet so far the adventurers
have reaped no reward for their toil.
Fully £50,000 has been wasted,
again, in futile attempts to recover
the *pirate’s “hoard” reported to be
hidden near the lip of the crater of an
active—very active—volcano on Pa-
gan island, in the Ladrone group.
Still, as a set-off against many fail-
ures, there have been a few successes.
There is no doubt, for instance, that a
Liverpool sailor named John Adams
unearthed treasure to the value of be«
tween £150,000 and £200,000 on Auck-
land island some years back; while
William Watson, a shepherd, recov-
ered in 1868 nearly a ton of gold that
had been hidden on one of the Queen
Charlotte islands. Likewise, two run-
away seamen, named Handley and
Cross, successfully located and dug
up a valuable hoard on Oak island, off
the coast of Nova Scotia, and this
after many others had failed.
Figure This for Yourself.
Two men were angling in the river,
for some time they sat in silence,
smoking their pipes and watching
their lines. Suddenly one of them ut-
tered an excited exclamation and
dropped his rod into the river.
“Did you see that fellow fall off
that cliff over there into the river?”
he shouted.
“Don’t get excited, Tom,” answered
his companion soothingly. “It may be
a cinema actor doing one of his stunts.
They often make films in these parts.”
“But,” said the other, “supposing fit
isn't and that the man {4 really in
“Well,” replied the other philosoph-
ically, “if he drowns he isn’t!”
Genuine Admiration.
As the dancer took his fair partner
down to supper, she seemed to hyp-
notize the waiter told off to serve
them, for he seemed incapable of tak-
ing his eyes off her.
At last the dancer could stand it no
“] say, my man,” he observed.
“What makes you stare so rudely at
this lady?”
“It ain't rudeness, sir, believe me,
it ain’t,” returned the waiter. “It's
genuine admiration. This is the fifth
time she’s been down to supper to-
Couldn’t Find the Tonsils.
william Dillworth, seven years old,
of West Union, W. Va. had his ton-
sils removed. Upon convalescing he
thought he knew enough to perform
some surgery himself. Seeking a pa-
i tient, he found a dog. A few hours
later he entered the office of a physi-
cian and asked him where a dog's
tonsils were located. He had searched
in vain for them, he informed the doec-
tor, and, being unable to find them,
he simply cut off the dog's tail.
In His Eye Thirty-Five Years.
A sliver of coal which has been im-
osedded in the eye of Jesse A. Wright
of Seaford, Md., for 35 years, has final-
ty worked its way out. Mr. Wright
was operating a canning house at
Choptank, Md., in 1888, when a ter-
rific explosion occurred, wrecking the
place and seriously injuring him. A
short time ago his eye began troubling
him. A physician treated him and re-
moved a fragment of coal from his
A New Year Resolution
One of the best resolutions you can
make for the year 1924 is to save a cer-
tain portion of your income each week
or month—and deposit it where it is safe
and will earn liberal interest for you at
the First National Bank.
37% Interest, Paid on Savings Accounts
o fe . o - =) 2) oh © O
IY ARRANGING your business for the
coming year, your banking connec-
tions should be given careful considera-
tion. There are many ways in which
a bank can serve you.
It Should
Offer perfect security for your de-
It should be prepared at all times
to lend you what is preper.
It should feel the interest of a par-t-
ner in any business you discuss with
its officers, and these officers should
have a broad knowledge of general
sonditions so that their opinions have
This bank offers the security of its
large surplus and the lon gexperience
of its officers as guarantees that your
bank account will be perfectly safe-
guarded and your interest carefully
The First National Bank
Bellefonte, Pa.
Watch our Windows
We Start January 5th
with our Annual Mid-
Winter Cleanup Sale of
Suits and Overcoats, all
Suits and Overcoats
Mens and Boys
One-fourth Off
The regular price Suits
and Overcoats only at.
this reduction—
None Reserved
They will show you the Biggest
Honest.--Saving Ever Offered you
Watch Our Windows