Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, July 27, 1923, Image 6

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    Beweaif Wada
Bellefonte, Pa., July 27, 1923.
The harbor of Rio de Janeiro is the
most beautiful harbor in the world.
It should be called rintous Rio, riot-
ous because of the super-brilliance of
its beauty. Such gaunt shoulders of
mountains which form a great back-
ground for this harbor; such glorious
coloring of the many type buildings
of the city; such varied shipping rest-
ing at the docks and at anchor, make a
:sight which is not to be found any-
where else in the world. The arched
‘ways of the Riviera, backed as they
are by the Italian Alps, have a beau-
ty all their own; and the approach to
Bombay, studded as it is with a mul-
titude of palm-bedecked islands, is
unique; and Hongkong, with its cur-
jous city built half way up the sides
of a stark mountain, likewise holds a
place that is absolutely its own. But
Rio is the mistress of all of them, the
most queenly harbor in the whole
world. The city itself is exceedingly
fascinating. There is no city in the
world where there is a sharper mix-
ture of population than in Rio—pure
whites from every country in Europe
and from North America, and every
possible shade of mixture of Negro
and white and Indian and white. It is
-a magic city. There is a luxuriant fo-
liage and likewise a luxuriance of hu-
"The Uruguay proudly boasts that it
is the most progressive republic in the
world and is absolutely certain that
the only bit of the world worthy of
being called “God’s country” is the
Uruguay, and Montevideo is its great
«city, and a great city it is in very
truth. It is. very European in all its
«characteristics; suggests very strik-
ingly the cities of southern France.
Many sections of it remind one forci-
bly of Marseilles. It has a magnifi-
cent water frontage and along the
shore drive the elite of Montevideo
and the Uruguay are found, evening
iby evening, as the sun is about to sink
{to repose.
The thought life of Uruguay has
been very largely liberalized. Reli-
giously there are a host of liberals;
politically liberality of thought is
«commonly found. Fascinating experi- |
ments in political life are going on
«down there. There is a vigor in Mon-
tevideo, a courageousness of outlook
which stimulate the beholder.
Buenos Aires is the great metropo-
lis of the South American continent.
Buenos Aires is the Paris of America.
It is not so much like Paris as it is
Paris. Its open cafes are crowded
exactly as they are in the French cap-
ital and precisely the same people are
seated in front of these innumerable
cafes as are seated in Paris. The
boulevards are the same boulevards;
the same shops and stores are found
along the highways. It is a very gay
city, is Buenos Aires.
The most prosperous business in
Buenos Aires is that of the shoe shin-
ers. Everybody that makes any kind
of pretense of respectability of life
has his shoes shined in this great city.
Incidentally, nobody shines their own
shoes, but unshined shoes would be an
oddity on the boulevards or streets of
this metropolis.
Government buildings are such as
to inspire confidence in the future of
this amazing Argentine, and oh, what
a land is this Argentine anyway!
With its almost uncounted miles of
alfalfa, such as Iowa and Nebraska at
their best seldom know; with its miles
and miles of corn fields that the best
of our corn belt cannot beat; with its
miles and miles of waving yellow
wheat; and further westward its hun-
dreds and thousands and millions of
extraordinary cattle and sheep—what
a land, this Argentine! How rich in
all the possibilities of a marvelous fu-
ture. The hour is not so far off when
the handful of millions that now make
up the Argentine will have developed
into such a population as the United
States of North America has at the
present time.
Over the Andes is Chile, and in
Chile is Santiago, and Santiago is the
center of one of the most glorious bits
of this whole earth’s surface. If I
were a resident of Los Angeles, Cal.,
I should keep a jealous eye on Santi-
ago de Chile, for all the glorious ad-
vantages that make Los Angeles a
veritable city of the angels Santiago
also possesses, and in this city, some-
‘what backward perchance after the
ibrilliant gayety of Buenos Aires, there
«can be found a type of life which will
appeal to any thoughtful student of
the human heart. Chile is fortunate
in that it has a president now in con-
“trol of the direction of its affairs who
is a man of superlative courage. Pres-
ident Alexandre is giving himself with
a tenacity and a certain rigidity of
resolution to bringing Chile to a high-
«er place among the nations of the
‘world, and the new emphasis which is
‘being placed on primary education
means a new day in the life of the en-
tire nation within a single generation.
He is a bold prophet who dares proph-
esy the limits of advancement to be
made by this extraordinarily beautiful
country in the next fifty years.
When one reaches Peru the imag-
ination is touched. This is one of the
most ancient of all the lands of the
South. In Lima is to be found the
University of San Marco, the oldest
university in all the western world.
One scarcely reaches the outskirts of
the modern city before evidences of
the ancient builders are to be found,
and less than a hundred miles away
from the city there are easily discern-
ible to the naked eye the remnants of
“a civilization that is now dead. Peru
fascinates and Lima, its capital, will
hold the attention of any thoughtful
man. One may worry a little because
at the present moment Peru has not
yet been liberalized. The shroud of
Roman Catholicism is still between its
‘people and the white sunlight of lib-
eralized thought and endeavor, Again
we see a very strange amalgam of
the races of mankind and again we
wonder what is being wrought out of
‘these strange and to us sometimes in-
congruous mixtures. Back in the
hills from Lima is a race of original
Peruvians. These are the mountain
folk, small of stature, compact of
frame, bodies inured to the bearing of
enormous burdens, possessing a cer-
tain physical courage which has come
down to them through untold genera-
tions of men and women who fought
bare-handed against the powers of na-
ture. In the hills there is a greater
liberality of thought and it is not in-
conceivable that the ultimate salva-
tion of Peru will come through the
life service of those who unafraid have
seen the face of God from the hills
around Huancayo.—By Titus Lowe.
Harrisburg.—Parking of vehicles
of all descriptions on the improved
section of any Pennsylvania highway
is forbidden in a rule just promulgated
by Paul D. Wright, Secretary of High-
The highway secretary also directs
that hereafter no vehicle may be stop-
ped at the foot of the hill, at.the crest
of a hill, or on any portion of a curve.
The new rule, formulated by Mr.
Wright under State laws which em-
power him to make rules and regula-
tions governing the use of highways,
is intended to keep all thoroughfares
clear for two-way traffic.
The rule is as follows: :
Attention of users of highways is
called to numerous ‘accidents which
occur as the result of carelessness on
the part of drivers, especially in the
parking of vehicles; and it is hereby
directed that hereafter no vehicle may
be stopped at the crest of a hill, at
the bottom of a hill, or any portion of
a curve.
On many Pennsylvania highways
there are dance pavilions, picnicking
places and eating stands; and it is
hereby directed that hereafter no ve-
hicle may be parked or stopped on the
improvd portion of a highway in the
vicinity of these places.
In all cases where a driver of a mo-
tor or other vehicle comes to a stop
upon a public highway and desires to
remain there he should remove his ve-
hicle from the improved section of the
roadway. Under no circumstances
may a vehicle be parked with four
wheels on the improved section of the
Under no circumstances may vehi-
cles be congregated along public high-
ways to such an extent that the regu-
lar and orderly passage of twoway
traffic is hindered. Attention of man-
agers of baseball parks, amusement
places, camp sites, eating places and
resorts of various natures is called
to this provision.
From this date highways must be
kept clear for the passage of all vehi-
All persons are warned not to vio-
late the above rule under penalty pre-
scribed in said acts, viz: fine of
not less than $10, nor more than $25
for each and every offense.
The attention of all users of high-
ways is called to the third para-
graph in Section 25 of the act of June
30. 1919, which is as follows:
The operator of any motor vehicle
overtaking another vehicle shall pass
such vehicle on the left, but shall not
attempt-to pass any such vehicle at
intersecting highways, or at a sharp
turn or curve or on approaching the
crest of a hill where a full view of the
highway ahead for a distance of two
hundred feet is obstructed.
The penalty for a violation of this
provision of the act in question is a
fine of not less than $10 nor more
than $25, for each and every offense,
or, in case of non-payment of such
fine, to undergo imrrisonment in the
county jail for a period not exceeding
five days.
Starting with the great forests of
New England, we have seen the lum-
ber industry pushed westward and
southward as the forests of the East
were exhausted of merchantable saw
timber. Pennsylvania, which but a
generation ago, was one of the large
timber-exporting States in the Union,
now pays a freight bill of $20,000,000
on the forest products needed to sup-
ply the demands of its people.
When the merchantable timber of
this country is gone, where will we
turn? To Europe? Most emphatic-
ally no! Europe has no more than
she herself needs. Her forests were
exhausted generations ago. Shall we
turn to Siberia? Yes, but in a very
limited degree, since most of the Si-
berian softwood forests are inaccessi-
ble. Shall we turn to the tropics?
Yes, for hardwood, which cannot be
classed as structural and all-purpose
woods; first, because of high costs, and
second, because of the nature of the
Then where will the United States
get its timber when its own forests
are no longer able to supply the de-
mands? The answer is—nowhere!
Nowhere in the world are there
enough softwood forests to supply the
needs of the United States and the
other countries with which we will
come in contact as active competitors
bidding for the world’s timber supply.
No, the importing bubble has been
burst by a careful analysis of the
facts. The practical thing to do is to
use wisely the remaining forests of
the United States, and to grow a new
timber crop, so that we shall not be
forced to seek beyond our shores the
timber we need to carry on our agri-'
culture, to build our homes, to print
our newspapers and periodicals, to
run our factories, and to give employ-
ment to more than 1,000,000 of our
A — 47.
The Fish Law.
Twelve black bass may be taken in
a day. They must be nine inches long.
The size limit on pike, is twelve inch-
> and twenty-five may be taken in a
ay. ;
Sunfish, perch and catfish may be
caught now, as there is no closed sea-
son on them. Trout is still in season.
They may be taken until July 31.
The season for frogs has opened.
The limit is twenty-five in a day and
fifty in a season. The law prohibits
the once common practice of hunting
them at night with the use of lights
which blind them. There are plenty
of frogs in the Juniata and its tribu-
taries.—Tyrone Times.
Industrialists are the controlling
power in Germany. There is less pov-
erty in German cities than there is in
New York, Chicago and other Ameri-
can cities. The financial powers of
Germany are determined not to pay
the war debt. The German govern-
ment will go into bankru, icy.
These and many other startling
statements were made by Hazlitt A.
Cuppy, former editor and owner of
Public Opinion, in the eourse of an
interview with a Star-Bulletin repor-
ter. Cuppy, who is considered an au-
thority on international affairs and
who has made a close study of Euro-
pean problems, is now in Honolulu
on the last leg of a trip around the
During his recent visit in Germany
Cuppy spent months among the Ger-
man people, being able through his
fluency in speaking the language, to
mix with the wealthy as well as the
common people and ‘exchange views
with them. As a result of his mi-
nute study of the situation Cuppy is
satisfied that Germany will never pay
her war debt. He is equally satisfied
that there is now a plan, as well or-
ganized and as thoroughly broadcast
by propaganda as were the prepara-
tions for the world war, to spread the
belief throughout the world that pov-
erty reigns in Germany—that Germa-
ny’s treasury was depleted by the re-
cent war and that industrial condi-
tions there are on the verge of a com-
plete downfall.
Reports circulated through the
press of the world to the effect that
the socialists are gaining power in
Germany and that the government is
in the hands, or almost in the hands of
the socialists, are untrue, Cuppy says.
The scheme is to lead the world to be-
lieve that riches of Germany have
been wasted away until it is impos-
sible for the government to attempt
to pay the war debt, go into bank-
ruptey and then start anew, he be-
lieves. .
“While it is true that the German
government is growing poorer and
poorer, the people of Germany are
daily growing wealthier,” Cuppy said.
“] saw less evidence of poverty in
Germany than in any of the other sev-
enteen or eighteen countries which I
have visited. In fact I saw more pov-
erty in East Side, New York, and Chi-
cago than in Germany. There are
classes in Germany, it is true, which
are in desperate circumstances owing
to the almost complete submersion of
the mark, but these are made up of
that class which, before the war, de- |
rived their living from fixed incomes
on investments, and the lower sala-
| safely.
ried people. When people had invest-
ments which before the war realized
a hundrd thousand or two hundred
thousand marks annual: income they
were wealthy indeed. Today when
that income is no larger they find
themselves in very straightened cir-
“On the other hand, the farmer, the |
manufacturer and the laborer are |
wealthy. I never in my life saw so
much travel among the people as I
saw in Germany. Every train is
crowded to the overflow point. On
many cars people were standing on
the platforms, being unable to get in-
to the cars.”
The manner in which government
owned industries are being conducted
shows conclusively that the German
government has no intention of econ-
omizing in order to raise money to
pay the war debt, Cuppy says. He
pointed out that travel is less than a
cent a mile on the government own-
ed railroads and that he could send
letters to the United States from
Germany cheaper than he could send
them from any other country.
Manufacturers are leaving their
money deposited in banks in foreign
countries rather than bring it into
Germany, where they would be re-
quired to pay a tax on it, he said. In-
dustrialists on several occasions be-
came confidential with the American
newspaper man and practically ad-
mitted that these conditions existed
in Germany because they are wanted
In England the feeling of the peo-
ple in favor of releasing Germany
from payment of the war debt has
been caused by large investments in
the mark. Almost every man, woman
or child in England that had $100 to
invest purchased German marks, Cup-
py explained. Now that the mark has
gone so low those who invested in
them are willing to do anything to
help Germany bring the mark back to
par, and are willing to go so far as to
cancel the war debt if this will bring
the desired results.
The bankrupting of Germany is a
deliberate process in Cuppy’s opinion.
The railroads are carrying passengers
at less than operating expense, the
postal service is carrying mail at less
than cost. In every way the govern-
ment is getting deeper and deeper in-
to debt. Cuppy says that everywhere
one goes in Germany he hears the re-
mark “how poor we are,” and yet the
fare at the tables is fit for royalty and
the dresses splendid. It is a huge in-
ternational deceit, he says.—Lititz
Reports are coming from sections of
the State where the drought has been
severe that the young clover in wheat
stubbbles are nearly all dead. In many
cases, farmers report that there ap-
pears to be little or no timothy to help
out the scarcity of clover.
Although Jate rains may bring on
enough clover to make at least partial
stand in some fields, indications point
to a short clover crop next year with
no clover sod to plow the following
year. This situation, unless reme-
died, will prove a serious handicap to
the farmer.
“A clover crop may still be secured
for next year if labor and time are
available to prepare the seed bed,”
says J. B. R. Dickey, extension special-
ist at State College. “Before prepar-
ing to re-seed, examine the present
stand carefully and be sure that all
chances for the germination of the
seed has passed.”
In stony, weedy or very hard wheat
stubble, plowing, followed by several
harrowings, is advised. The soil
should be given plenty of time to set-
tle to make a firm seed bed an inch or
so deep. This leaves the lime and fer-
tilizer where applied for wheat, on
the surface to be used by the clover.
The stubble on the top of the ground
provides valuable protection.
The time for re-seeding, according
to Dickey, depends on the locality and
moisture conditions. In the southern
part of the State, seeding made by the
15th or 20th of August should be
large enough to go through winter
Farther north, ten days to
two weeks earlier is advised. Mois-
ture is an important factor and sow-
ing on dry soil is never advisable.
When clover and timothy are sown
without a nurse crop, experience has
shown that plenty of seed should be
used. Twenty to twenty-five pounds
of mixed seed will not be too much.
Several hundred pounds of acid phos-
phate or mixed fertilizer will be a
great aid to the summer seeding,
Dickey states. He believes that clo-
ver sown this summer on a well pre-
pared seed bed at the right time
Fou give a very good crop of clean
Complete Electrification of U. S.
Detailed plans for the complete
electrification of the United States,
worked out in the form of an atlas by
Frank G. Baum, on engineer of San
Francisco, were recently exhibited at
the convention of the National Elec-
tric Light Association in New York.
The most striking feature of the
plans, which are the result of twenty
years’ work, was a map showing a
system of 220,000-volt transmission |
lines covering the entire country and
placed with reference to existing
transmission lines, water-power, in-
dustrial centers and railroad lines.
Early Potato Crop a Failure.
. The early potato crop of Pennsyl-
vania is practically a failure. This is
especially true of the Cobbler varie-
ties in the eastern section where
heavy losses resulted from a lack of
moisture. The late crop of tubers
shows promise and is a good stand
in mose sections.
of a Meal
road’s Dining-Car Service.
vania Railroad dining car.
carte features.
cost of dining-car service.
. Street Station, Philadelphia.
nianizan2nini=ania N= Ma le Ma laa Mia Ne Mal Te Mie] le Ue let lead len] Ue] ted
The Luxury
a Dining Car. sevice
Good food, well cooked and served in an attractive
manner are recognized features of Pennsylvania Rail-
$1.00 One-Dollar Meals $1.00
One dollar will buy a lunch or a dinner on a Pennsyl-
Four “special combinations” are provided on each
luncheon and dinner menu in addition to the usual a la
Over one hundred different combinations
are used and changes are made every week in order to af-
ford a variety of choice. Each “special combination” con-
sists of meat, fowl or fish, two vegetables, rolls and cof-
fee, tea or milk. The portions are ample for one person
and are served on separate dishes the same as a la carte
This service not only meets the desires and conven-
iences of railroad travelers, but also effects a reduction in
dining-car prices notwithstanding the continuing high
Persons interested in the cost of serving meals in
dining cars should read the pamphlet—“Food at 50 Miles
an Hour Costs”—reprinted from The Nation’s Business.
Copies of this pamphlet may be had, free of cost, by
writing to D. N. Bell, Passenger Traffic Manager, Broad
~ Pennsylvania Railroad System
The Hall Mark
W. L. FOSTER, President
eee eee eI eee ee ee ee)
CAPITAL $125,000.00
State College, Pennsylvania
DAVID F. KAPP, Cashler.
To Care for Depositors
in the most considerate, most competent manner, is
our constant study. Stability, Security and Service
is our every thought, which is necessary to every
individual of integrity and thrift in this commun-
ity, and we have no hesitancy in inviting the busi-
ness of all those who value these features.
The Bank of Personal Service
The First National Bank of State College
SURPLUS $125,000.00
Lc smi ==
Lene es ena e—
= vast Rea bf S ctf Deep Van Vell Ved Df ih Merl ad) ae
Watch, Diamond, or Set
of Silverware, purchas-
ed on our
Easy Payment Plan
enables all to own these arti-
cles in a way that does not
add hardship to the pocket-
book. We will be glad to
serve you.
I2niani2ni=2nianiar SNCS US NUS US He Hei Lar
F. P. Blair & Son,
Jewelers and Optometrists
Bellefonte, Pa.
3 Big Specials
One Week Only
Starting Saturday July 28
Any Walkover Shoe in the
store at $5.45
Valnes from $7.00 to $12.00
Any Straw Hat in
the store $1.35
Values from $2.50 to $3.50
Mens Nainsook Athletic
Union Suits 65 cts.
Regular Dollar Quality
One Week Only
It’s at, Fauble’s
A. Fauble
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