Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., May 11, 1923.
OLD SOL’S ANTICS ALARM
Washington, D. C.—Government
scientists, including the heads of the
United States Weather Bureau, have
been thoroughly startled by results of
examinations made of the sun’s world
heating capacity, made by Dr. C. C.
Abbot, home secretary of the Nation-
al Academy of Science.
According to Dr. Abbot the sun ap-
pears to have gone on strike, and is
exerting its warming qualities upon
the earth to an extent from 3 to 4 per
cent. less than 15 months ago. This
unusual action on the part of the sun
is assumed to be responsible for the
present late spring, may have had its
influence upon the strange winter sea-
son just passed, and may presage a
damagingly cold summer and an in-
tensely severe season next winter.
Scientists see in the present situa-
tion a possible duplication of the dis-
astrous summer of 1816, when frosts
occurred during June and July, caus-
ing wholesale loss of crops and reduc-
ing food production to a minimum.
Whatever may be the cause of the de-
cision of the sun to reduce its heating
effect, no one is prepared to say when
the present conditions may return to
normal and further increases in the
cooling off process are considered pos-
Weather Bureau officials refused to
commit themselves on the startling
statement made by Dr. Abbot in a pa-
per before the meeting of the Acade-
my of Sciences just closed, saying the
experiments upon which Dr. Abbot
bases his conclusions are so new that
it is impossible to determine their val-
ue in anticipating weather conditions
for long periods in advance.
All admit, however, that if the ex-
periments should be demonstrated as
correct over long periods of time, it
would revolutionize methods of weath-
er forecasts and make possible pre-
dictions many years in the future.
Dr. Abbot, who has succeeded in
throwing this bombshell into the ranks
of world scientists, makes no predic-
tion as to the future, saying the ex-
periments which have resulted in
measuring the sun’s heat and deter-
mining that it is three to four per
cent. below normal have been in pro-
gress only 20 years, and this is a short
time in the history of the sun. They
were commenced by the late Professor
Langley, formerly head of the Smith-
sonian Institution in Washington, and
continued by Dr. Abbot. This scien-
tific iconoclast says it is impossible to
predict what would happen if the low
temperature of the sun continued.
WORLD MUCH MIXED.
He points out that the world is so
filled with varying conditions which
affect climatic differences, such as
clouds, deserts, oceans, mountains,
etc., that general “coolness” need not
be expected. He merely points out
that last winter was most unusual and
-that the present-spring is-the-latest
on record. Some scientists have prev-
iously offered the opinion that a low-
ering of the sun’s heat four degrees
for an indefinite period might ap-
proach a return of the glacial period.
Dr. Abbot has no opinion on this sub-
ject, pointing out that changes in the
heat exerted by the sun on the earth
While Dr. Abbot cffers no reason
for the sun’s changes in temperature,
other scientists connected with the
various government institutions asso-
ciate them with the phenomena of
sun-spots, resulting from wholesale
eruptions of gaseous substances from
the sun’s surface, extending outward
almost unimaginable distances.
Dr. Abbot proposes to keep the sun
under observation until July, 1925, at
least. The observations made by him
have been taken at two points to de-
termine how much heat the sun radi-
ates. One of these is 5800 feet above
sea level on the top of Mount Hargua
Hala, Arizon., and the other at an al-
titude of approximately 9500 feet on
the summit of Mount Montezuma,
Chile. At these isaloted stations, free
from the dirt and dust of lower points,
the scientists of the Smithsonian In-
stitution have been able to observe
the sun nearly every day and make
While Dr. Abbot is extremely con-
servative about drawing conclusions
from his investigations, he describes
the drop in average heat from the sun
of from three to four per cent, as “ex-
traordinary,” and that nothing so out-
standing in the way of a change in
the heat of the sun had been observed
since measurements were begun in
The Weather Bureau’s reports quot-
ed by Dr. Abbot before the nation’s
assembled scientists show that 1921,
the year before the decline in the sun’s
heat began, was the warmest on rec-
ord for the past 50 years. This con-
dition existed in Europe as well as in
the United States. Last year showed
a slight decline, but was still above
normal, as was the early part of the
past winter. But in December, three
months after the sun had cooled to
near the lowest point, unusual con-
trasts occurred. The southeastern
States were warmest and the north-
western ones coldest for 30 years.
IN STRANGE COURSES.
In January unusual storminess pre-
vailed and the storm track followed
strange courses. These conditions con-
tinued into February and the temper-
ature began to average below normal,
especially in northern and northeast-
ern sections. New England, the
Weather Bureau reports show, has ex-
perienced one of the heaviest snow-
falls for the entire winter ever known.
March was generally below the nor-
mal temperature in the same region,
and the latter part of the month and
the first days of April brought about
the most severe cold wave ever known
so late in the season in the country
east of the Mississippi Valley.
Strange weather conditions have ex-
tended out to sea, and the prevalence
. of icebergs has compelled steamers in
the North Atlantic to take a course
farther south than usual. The Great
Lakes are still locked in ice, and at
the end of March these ice conditions
approximated those of midwinter. It
Mary’s river and the “Soo” locks will
not be open before May, or weeks
after their usual freeing from ice.
Neither Dr. Abbot nor Professor
Charles R. Marvin, chief of the
Weather Bureau, would discuss the ef-
fect of these strange solar conditions
upon next winter. Dr. Abbot said he
was interested in finding the facts and
leaving it to the meteorologists to
draw the conclusions. Professor Mar-
vin said his bureau was giving the
findings of the Smithsonian scientists
All acknowledged that the world is
facing a strange and unusual situa-
tion, which will probably right itself,
but which may have a startling effect
upon climatic conditions during the
next 12 months.—The Philadelphia
Fooling the Caterpillars.
Young Andrew was seated at the
curbstone with a tin can in his hand,
glancing now and then at a nearby tel-
egraph pole. A man who was passing
was attracted by the youth and stop-
ped to remark: “Going fishin’, young
“Nope,” replied the lad. “Take a
look in there,” exhibiting the can,
Which was partly filled with caterpil-
_ “What are you doing with them?”
inquired the man, who now felt a gen-
“They crawl up the tree and eat the
leaves, you know ?” said the boy.
“Yes, they are a pesky nuisance, to
be sure,” agreed the man.
“Well, I'm foolin’ a few of em,” the
boy explained. “I'm sendin’ ’em up
this telephone pole.”
Platinum Heaviest Metal.
Platinum is the heaviest material in
the world. A cubic foot of platinum
weighs 1,347 pounds. Pure gold is
next. A cubic foot of gold weighs
1,200 pounds, while a cubic foot of
lead weighs 710 pounds, and that of
silver 655 pounds. A cubic foot of eb-
ony weighs 76 pounds. This is the
heaviest wood in the world. A cubic
foot of green live oak weighs 69
pounds, while that of willow weighs
34 pounds. The lightest solid and
non-porous substance is cellulose,
which weighs 7 pounds per cubic foot.
A cubic foot of granite weighs 170
pounds, while that of limestone weighs
180 pounds, and that of sandstone 145
Juggling Old Sermons.
According to the ten year old
daugkter of a certain clergyman, there
are ways of making an old sermen
seem almost new.
“Jane,” said one of the friends of
the young critic, “does your father
ever preach the same sermon twice?”
“I think perhaps he does,” said
Jane, cautiously, “but I think he talks
loud and soft in different places the
second time, so it doesn’t sound the
same at all.”—Philadelphia Ledger.
-—Subscribe for tl:e “Watchman.”
Church of All Nations Opens New
The new $400,000 building of the
Church of All Nations, a Methodist
settlement house, was opened recent-
ly on the site of the old plant at 9
Second Avenue, New York. The
church was built out of the $100,000;-
000 centenary fund of the Methodist
The building is the largest of its
kind erected on the low east side since
the construction of the University set-
tlement some twenty years ago.
has long been the dream of Doctor
Henry and Mrs. Henry. It is equip-
ped for all athletic sports, has literary
club rooms and a kindergarten fur-
nished by the American Criterion club.
The alley is the gift of small sons of
the late R. H. Montgomery, and the
swimming pool and showers are gifts
of Mrs. Grace Rainey Rogers.
or of Bishop William Burt, now of
Buffalo, who was for many years in
charge of the Methodist work in Italy.
A feature of the plant is a social
room where young women and men
——Women of Scranton and vicini-
.ty are planning to provide a room for
two girls in a proposed dormitory
through the State College campaign
fora $2,000,000 emergency building
lts“Usco’ Time Again
United States Tires
are Good Tires
money’s - worth of
America. If your dealer
tries to sell you some-
thing else he won't be
surprised if you tell
the same people who
make Royal Cords.
HE 30x32 “Usco”
is still the fabric
“Usco’s” are built by
This fact counts.
Where to buy US.Tires
P. H. McGARVEY, Bellefonte.
HARRY BEHRER, State College.
FIFTEEN NEW BUILDINGS WILL BE
ADDED TO THE BELL SYSTEM
IN PENNSYLVANIA THIS YEAR
AND this does not include twenty large
additions to present central office
Nearly four millions of dollars will be
spent on building construction alone.
Millions of dollars’ worth of equipment
will be placed in them—switchboards,
cables, terminal room apparatus, and
other central office mechanisms.
We spent three millions for land and
BUILDINGS OF THE BELL SYSTEM
IN PENNSYLVANIA = 1919-1922
NET ADDITIONS TO LAND AND
i = THE BELL TELEPHONE COMPANY
. OF PENNSYLVANIA
a 020 WU WR
buildings last year, but the growing
needs for telephone service in Pennsyl-
vania make necessary a continuation of
this tremendous construction program.
ne Ht RPO HENRI SNAG Pr SERED CAPT STROSS NETERA0STB gms SES StS Ll Lb hb 1
was predicted by navigators that St.
There is a chapel for the Italians |f
called the Bishop Burt Chapel, in hon- | c
= ERIE —
Large Size Shoes
for Large Women
We can fit the very largest
foot with Stylish Shoes and
Yeager's Shoe Store
THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN
Bush Arcade Building BELLEFONTE, PA.
Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
. Lyon & Co.
Lyon & Co. a
300 yards of Fine Batists, Voiles and Lawns—all col-
ors; values from 50 to 85c.—sale price 35c.
200 yards 36 in. Percale—all colors; worth 25c.—sale
150 yards Apron Check Gingham, only 15c. 500 yards
Dress Ginghams, worth 35 to 40c.—sale price 25c.
Good Heavy Toweling, during this sale 10c.
Royal Worcester and Bon Ton
Our Summer stock of Corsets is just in. See our special Corset
at $1.00. Model Brassiers—the ‘‘Model Brassier’’ is the
best in the market. Bandeaus from 50c. up. Corset Brassiers
from $1.00 up.
Shoes . . .. Shoes
We have just received a new line of Ladies, Mens and Childrens
Shoes. Ladies in Black, Tan and White.
A new Black Satin 1-Strap Slipper at $3.50
A new Tan 1-Strap Slipper - 14.00
A new Tan Oxford Slipper - - ‘“ 4.00
A new White Oxford Slipper - *‘‘ 2.25
Mens and Childrens Shoes at Special Sale Prices.
Rugs, Carpets, Linoleum
Matting Rugs 9x12, special $5.00. Wilton and Axmin-
ster at special sale prices. Linoleum at great reduction
Lyon & Co. « Lyon & Co.