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Bellefonte, Pa., April 6, 1923.
THE CHILDREN’S HOUR.
By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow,
Between the dark and the daylight,
‘When the night is beginning to lower,
Comes a pause in the day’s occupations,
That is known as the Children’s Hour.
I hear in the chamber above me
The patter of little feet,
The sound of a door that is opened,
And voices soft and sweet.
From my study I see in the lamplight,
Descending the broad hall stair,
Grave Alice, and laughing Allegra,
And Edith with golden hair.
A whisper, and then a silence:
Yet I know by their merry eyes
They are plotting and planning together
To take me by surprise.
A sudden rush from the stairway,
A sudden raid from the hall!
By three doors left unguarded
They enter my castle wall!
They climb up into my turret
Q’er the arms and back of my chair;
If I try to escape, they surround me;
They seem to be everywhere.
They almost devour me with kisses,
Their arms about me entwine,
Till I think of the Bishop of Bingen
In his Mouse-Tower on the Rhine!
Do you think, O blue-eyed banditti,
Because you have scaled the wall,
Such an old mustache as I am
Is not a match for you all!
I have you fast in my fortress,
And will not let you depart,
But put you down into the dungeon
In the round-tower of my heart.
And there will I keep you forever,
Yes, forever and a day,
Till the walls shall crumble to ruin,
And moulder in dust away!
THE HUMORS OF SPRING.
By Levi A. Miller.
Why the beginning of the year was
placed in the midst of winter is a mys-
tery that can probably be explained
only on the hypothesis that January
is the first of the spring months in the
latitude where the autocrats lived who
fixed it. This is rendered more prob-
able by the fact that in the more
northern latitude of Great Britain
the year began on the 25th of March
until after the compromise made in
1752. Owing to the great difference
in climates it is impossible to fix on
a date for the opening of the new
year that would be appropriate for all
parts of the world, or any considerable
portion of it. It is not important
whether spring comes at the begin-
ning, middle, or end of the year, so it
comes and so the people are ready for
it. To the human family, as well as
to the vegetable world, it is a most
important season—in fact the most
important of the whole year, so far as
health is concerned.
The first thing a boy thinks of is to
go fishing. This appears to be in-
stinctive with him; therefore, it may
be regarded as the proper thing to do.
Not only do boys yearn for piscatorial
sports, but middle-aged, and even gray
haired men are unable to restrain the
passion for angling, when the soft
winds begin to blow and the flowers
of spring are blooming. Their most
enjoyable hours are passed along
mountain streams, where coy trout do
most abound. There is not only a deal
of sport in fishing, but in point of rec-
reation there is no other pastime that
surpasses it, especially in the spring.
The ancients had a notion that all
the ills and ailments peculiar to the
human body or mind, were due to a
humor. They could not define it, but
it was a humor. It is not improbable
that they got the idea from the effects
of wine and poisonous fluids. From
the fact that these produced certain
specific effects they could reasonably
conclude that other specific effects
were produced in a like manner. They
believed there were four specific hu-
mors in man, on the conditions and
proportions of which depended his
bodily and mental health.
These were blood, choler, phlegm,
and melancholy. From this it is not
difficult to see what is meant by a
humorist—a person with a vitiated or
distempered condition of the humors.
Lord Bacon said: “By a wise, timor-
ous inquisition the peccant humors
and humorists must be discovered and
purged or cut off; mercy in such a
case in a King is true cruelty.” They
must have had some humorists in Ba-
con’s time equal to those of our day
to have had as wise a man as he was
to say such harsh things of them.
It does not require very close obser-
vation to discover that the mind is
affected in a marked degree by the
condition of the body, and therefore it
was quite natural to conclude that the
temper, peculiarity of disposition, and
the state of mind generally, depend-
ed upon the character of the fluids or
humors of the body. Those who drank
too much wine vitiated the fluids,
thereby causing disagreeable effects
to follow the state of exiliration.
Excessive eating was supposed to vi-
tiate the fluids in such a way as to
induce gout and rheumatism. Fevers
were a drying up of healthy humors,
and discharging ulcers were nature’s
sluiceways for carrying off the super-
szbundance of ill-conditioned humors.
While their notions are laughed at
by physicians of the present day, it
must be conceded that they were on
the right track, and there is even a
possibility that they were not so far
off the true theory as some modern
scientists may imagine. At least it is
not in good taste to laugh at them.
They were as right as they could be
under the circumstances.
In early times it was the custom to
give the body a regular spring clean-
ing. Beginning with the flow of su-
gar water; sassafras tea was substi-
tuted for coffee; then followed an oc-
casional drink of an infusion of sarsa-
parilla, burdock, prickly ash or wild
cucumber. These were often combin-
ed in the form of bitters, using whis-
key instead of hot water to extract
their virtues. In addition, white wal-
nut, Mayapple, black snakeroot, rattle
root, blood root, poke root, and many
others were used to meet special indi-
cations. When judiciously used, there
is no doubt but these did a great deal
of good in the way of cleansing the
system of effete matter collected dur-
ing the winter. The presence of this
matter is the main cause of fevers and
other affections peculiar to the
spring and summer seasons. The
method to get rid of them may have
been somewhat crude, but it was based
on common sense and answered the
Every person feels more or less lan-
guid in the spring, unless in perfect
health, which is attributed to the in-
creasing of the heat of the sun. That
is a mistake. Solar heat is a power-
ful vitalizing agent and will produce
the very opposite of languidness in
the body if in a healthy condition. The
languidness is probably due, as the
ancients believed, to the presence of
vitiated humors or fluids, which exert
a depressing influence to the nervous
system. As the solar energy increas-
es and the elements which have been
lying dormant during the winter
months are being roused into activi-
ty, a great change takes place, and
one that should by all means be en-
Sufficient exercise in the open air to
produce free but not copious perspi-
ration, is one of the most efficient
means of freeing the system of effete
or poisonous matter. This is really
an air bath, and as such is more ef-
fective in the elimination of many del-
eterious substances than the water or
vapor bath. The exercise dislodges
the particles and they are carried out
with the escaping fluids. These prin-
ciples are embodied in the Turkish and
Russian bath, but are not so well
adapted to the purpose as when ap-
plied in the manner prescribed by na-
To insure good health during the
summer, advantage should be taken
of the opportunities afforded by na-
ture to cleanse, repair and strength-
en the body. By so doing the heat of
mid-summer will be neither oppressive
nor debilitating, consequently the lia-
bility to disease, either contagious or
otherwise, will be greatly lessened,
while life will be rendered more en-
joyable, and the mind more vigorous.
There is nothing that conduces more
to freshness of complexion, bright-
ness of the eyes, fullness and strength
of body, and the perfect elimination
of all vitiated fluids. If our women
could be made to realize this fully,
and to act accordingly, there would
be fewer sallow, languid and scraw-
ny ones to be seen.
Flushed by the spirit of genial year,
Now from the virgins cheek a fresher
Shoots, less and less, the live commotion
Her lips blush deeper sweets, she breathes
The shining moisture swells in her eyes
In brighter flow; her wishing bosom
With palpitations wild; kind tumults seize
Her veins, and all her yielding soul is love.
There is too much dependence
placed in the efficacy of pills, potions
and powders and not enough in the
means of health prescribed by nature.
Those who feel languid and dull pre-
fer taking quinine, or bitters, to in-
dulging in exercise which induces per-
spiration and good, sound sleep. Iron
is a more convenient appetizer than an
air bath and a restricted dietary, and
alcoholic stimulants a more agreeable
means of supplying vital force than
those embodied in the original plan.
While these may seem to answer the
purpose, and may do so for the time
being, they are delusive and wholly
untrustworthy. When they appear to
be adding to the stock of vital energy
they are really consuming it, or at
least impairing the agencies through
which it is generated.
The common ingredients of health
And long life, are
Great temp’rance, open air,
Easy labor, little care.
—Nir I’. Syduaey.
Talks to Genealogists of President's
Washington was the first and only
President of the United States with
the given name of George, and there
was only one each of the name of
Martin, Stephen, Theodore, Ulysses,
Zachary, Benjamin and Abraham, said
Charles P. Keith at the annual meet-
ing of the Genealogical Society of
Pennsylvania, held recently in the
rooms of the Historical Society. He
spoke on “Given Names Formerly in
President Harding, with the name
of Warren G., is also unique, as no
other chief magistrate bore that name.
The speaker traced it etymologically,
to the German ‘“waran,” a guardian.
Martin Van Buren was named after
the Bishop of Tours, he said, and
Theodore, while not a Biblical name,
was borne by a number of saints. The
“Stephen” in the list applies to Gro-
ver Cleveland, whose full name was
Stephen Grover. The name “Wood-
row” was not mentioned, former
President Wilson's given name being
Rutherford and Franklin were not
counted as given names, and he could
trace only three Presidential names
to the Old Testament: Zachary, Ben-
jamin and Abraham.
—— Qs ——————
Women in Public Place.
Fifty thousand women are engaged
in public administrative affairs
throughout the United States as offi-
cials of the governments of States,
counties, cities and the nation, accc *d-
ing to data of federal officials. Wum-
en are acting as mayors, judges, in-
spectors, members of school boards
and serving on boards and commis-
sions. Many hold high administrative
offices. Thousands are filling elective
offices. All occupy positions of trust
and responsibility, in which they ex-
ercise command over at least 10,000
other persons, it is estimated.
———p A —————
——Many who couldn't stand a
square deal are now standing around.
MOSUL NEAR NINEVEHW'S SITE
Ancient City on the Tigris Practically
Built on the Ruins of Famous
Will the next war be waged on the
site of ancient Nineveh? Mosul, on
the bank of the Tigris, overlooks the
mounds of that ancient city. Mosul
means oil. England and Turkey seem
to have come to grips over Mosul.
At the crossroads of caravan routes
from everywhere—Aleppo, Bagdad
and Persia, the leaning minaret of
Mosul has seen that city wax and
wane. It may rise from its ruins of
white limestone and become a great
city again. For it is the capital of
the province in which are oil fields
that compare with the richest in the
It will not be the first time that the
city by the Tigris has come back after
being counted out. Nineveh shone for
2,000 years. When it gave up the
ghost Mosul, a lusty infant, sprang
from the southern suburbs and flour-
It weathered the storms of many
wars. Tamerlane pillaged it. Saladin
beat against its walls but failed to
subdue the city. It rose to its height
in the Twelfth century, when it be-
came an Independent capital. The
vilayet of Mosul, over which the
Turks and British battled in confer-
ence, includes 29,000 square miles ly-
ing mostly east of the Tigris.
ALWAYS MEN FOR THE AGE
There When Needed, Whether Born ir
Log Cabin or Towering Apartment
in Big City.
Future Presidents of the United
States will be born In apartment
houses, and a fond people will have
to hallow and bronze-tablet a fourteen-
story skyscraper. It will be its own
Long ago we passed the log-cabin
stage of historic shrines. The log
cabins have been exhausted. Our larg-
est crop of heroes now comes largely
from the two-story brick house—
Theodore from one of three stories.
But the apartment house is bound
to make its way as a cradle for im-
mortals, regardless of the rather se-
vere restrictions against families, large
or small. The future great, born in
one of these towering hives, will, even
at their birth, triumph over the tram-
mels of restrictive regulation of ten-
Lowly beginnings seem no longer
necessary for genius. There should be
no reason why statesmen, scholars,
poets and scientists should not make
their advent nine stories up. None of
the artificialtles of our modern civili-
zation will interrupt the gifts of a be
nign Providence that has never ceased
to produce the man for the age.—St.
Improved Disinfectant Soap.
Austria reports a new development
in the manufacture of disinfectant
soaps, which it is claimed has proved
a decided success. The disinfectant
used is lactate of silver and a very
small amount produces remarkable re-
sults, The soap has been used in
hospitals for general washing pur-
poses, for sterilizing instruments (it
does not contain any corrosive in-
gredients and hence can be safely
used for this purpose), disinfecting
clothes, rubber gloves, etc. There are
several uses for the new soap in cos-
metics. The soap is made by dissolv-
ing one part of the silver lactate in
fifteen parts of water and then adding
enough sagaragar, or carrageon moss,
to make a jelly. The mixture is then
added to the regular soap batch, and
the resulting product can be made
into solid, paste or liquid. In the
solid form it can be used for toilet or
laundry purposes. In the paste form
it is usable as a dentifrice. In liquid
form it may be used as a gargle and
Automatic Steering Gear.
The first American passenger ship
to be equipped with automatic steer-
ing gear, recently completed a suc-
cessful return voyage to the West
Indies, under the guidance of this ap-
paratus. The instrument, says Popu-
lar Mechanics Magazine, consists of a
gyroscopic compass arranged to open
and close an electric circuit con-
trolling the stopping and starting of
the rudder-operating mechanism. The
instrument is capable of being set for
response to different amounts of de
viation from course, one case being
noted where the departure from the
true course was set as close as one
sixth of a degree.
Ptolemy Speaks From the Past.
At Thebes, the ancient capital of
upper Egypt, archeologists from Penn:
syvlvania university have found demo:
tie, or common language, papyri that
fill a gap in history from B. C. 809 to
246. This period includes the reign
of Ptolemy Philadelphus, who was so
successful in levying heavy taxes with
a minimum of injury and dissatisfac
tion. As the manuscripts deal mainly
with financial affairs, our own Ptole
mies may perhaps learn from them
how to create in us a nation of cheer.
ful givers.—Sclentific American.
More Like Extraction,
Maude—Sarah has taken up com-
Maude—Her husband’s salary,
And what does she
A Still Greater *Oalue
Never before has a Ford Sedan been
sold at such a low price.
Never before has there been such a
well-built Ford Sedan—improved with
finer upholstery, window regulators,
and with many refinements in chassis
This is the family car which fully
meets every requirement of economy,
comfort and sturdy service.
So great is the demand that deliveries
will soon be almost impossible. List
your order now, make a small down
payment, the balance on easy terms.
Ford prices have never been so low
Ford quality has never been so high
Beatty Motor Co., Bellefonte, Pa.,
State College Motor Co., State College.,
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© Yeager's Shoe Store g@
fi THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN ri
Bush Arcade Building BELLEFONTE, PA.
Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
Lyon & Co. Lyon & Co.
After Easter Sale
Coats, Wraps and Suits
Owing to the continued cold weather we are
making special reductions on all Coats, Suits
and Wraps. One lot of Coats, Suits, Silk and
Wool Dresses—that range in values up to
$35.00—while they last, $3.98.
Just received a new lot of Paisly & King Tut
Silk in light and dark grounds.
Oxfords and Satin Sliippers
Our new line of Ladies and Misses Oxfords,
Strap Slippers—in Cardovan Patent Leather
and Black Satin—are just in. Prices $4.00,
$3.50 and $5.00.
The new Spring Shoes for Men and Boys are
here, at new low prices.
See our line of Rugs—all Sizes
Lyon & Co. « Lyon & Co.