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Bellefonte, Pa. September 22, 1922.
WHAT ARE YOU HERE FOR?
If you've never made another
Have a happier time in life,
If you've never helped a brother
Through his struggle and strife;
If you've never been a comfort
To the weary and worn,
Will you tell us what you're here for
In this lovely land of morn?
If you've never made the pathway
Of some neighbor glow with sun,
You've never brought a bubble
To some fellow heart with fun;
If you've never cheered a toiler
That you tried to help along,
Will you tell us what you're here for
In this lovely land of song?
If you've never made a comrade
Feel the world a sweeter place
Because you lived within it
And had served it with your grace;
If you've never heard a woman
Or a little child proclaim
A blessing on your bounty—
You're a poor hand at the game!
—Chicago Elk News.
WILL BURN CORN
Nebraska is going to burn corn in-
stead of coal this winter. And she is
going to save money by doing so.
Although the State does not pro-
duce a ton of coal, a cubic foot of gas,
a gallon of oil, and scarcely a cord of
wood, the farmers of the State are
practically independent of the fuel
situation. If coal is not available,
Nebraska farmers will simply load up
their stoves with corn and will keep
warm just as though they were burn-
ing the best Pennsylvania anthracite.
Seven million, five hundred thous-
and Nebraska acres are at work pro-
ducing the State’s fuel for this winter.
It is true, however, that if Nebraska
burns its corn and Iowa the corn pro-
duced in that State, and Kansas and
one or two other western States fol-
low the lead of Nebraska, some coal
miners may lack something to eat.
There will be a shortage of bread and
Last year when a coal shortage
threatened, the University of Nebras-
ka made a scientific investigation of
the relative value of coal and corn for
fuel. The result was rather surprising.
The University found that when soft
coal is selling at $15 a ton, and corn
1s worth only 50 cents per bushel, it
1s just is cheap for the farmer to burn
his corn as it is to sell the corn and buy
the coal. In addition to which the
farmer would have to haul his corn to
market and haul the coal from the
railroad to the farm.
Today coal is not selling quite up to
$15 per ton in the country towns. But
there is no coal to be had at the prices
quoted by the coal dealers. “We will
take your order and fill it when we
can,” is the usual answer to the order
Likewise, corn is not selling quite
up to 50 cents per bushel on the farm.
Corn is about 60 cents per bushel in
Chicago and considerably less than
that on the western farms. At the
present prices of coal and corn, ac-
cording to the University report, it is
cheaper to burn corn than coal. And
especially so since no coal is to be had.
One of the finest growing seasons
Nebraska has ever experienced is on
right now. With abundant and fre-
quent rains, and hot, moist weather,
the Nebraska corn is growing so rap-
idly it can actually be heard. Stand
near a big corn field and the rustle cf
the unfolding blades of corn can be
plainly heard. This is called “hearing
the corn grow.”
Nebraska is cultivating 7,418,700
acres of corn this year. The estimat-
ed yield on July 1 was 200,313,000
bushels. Since that estimate was
made the corn plant has made vast
improvements. Some experts, uncffi-
cially, estimate the yield as high as
With 250,000,000 bushels of corn,
Nebraska has the equivalent of 10,-
000,000 tons of coal stored on its vast
farms. And this will easily take care
of the fuel needs of all the farmers in
But while the farmers and the citi-
zens of the small towns will be taken
care of, the city dwellers in Nebraska
will have to turn to coal as usual. And
should there be no coal the people in
the cities will suffer. City furnaces
are not built to permit the burning of
corn. But in the old-fashioned ‘bar-
rel” stoves, so popular on the western
farm, corn can be burned as easily as
Last year corn got down to about
17 cents per bushel. And coal went up
to something like $16 and $18 per ton.
During the period thousands of Ne-
braska farmers burned corn in their
stoves instead of coal. In an earlier
day, before the coming of the rail-
roads, Nebraska farmers had nothing
else but corn to burn, and practically
no coal was used in those years. So
to burn corn instead of coal is not new
to Nebraska farmers. They know all
Gather Seeds by Tons in Forests.
Harrisburg, Pa.—Tons of seeds of
forest trees are being gathered by
employees of the State Department of
Forestry, for planting in the State’s
nurseries, but it has been found that
this is a poor year for pine cones, only
300 of the 800 being in sight.
The remainder of the amount need-
ed will be bought, as well as other
kinds of seeds.
Free distribution of trees grown
from these seeds is planned as a re-
Want National Day of Prayer.
President Harding has been peti-
tioned by the Allegheny Presbytery
of the United Presbyterian church to
proclaim a “day of prayer,” in order
that “the Christian peoples may seek
divine guidance for the solution of the
problems that so sorely trouble the
nation at this time.”
The “problems” enumerated include
industrial strife, low moral standards
and general unrest.
| NEW DIAMOND FIELD OPENED.
A “rush” such as frontier America
knew in its free-land days, but in this
case to peg out claims in a newly dis-
covered diamond field was mentioned
in recent dispatches from South Af-
rica. This new diamond country opens
up possibilities of a rival to the great
Kimberly diamond field in the same
general region, the world’s greatest
source of the sparkling white gems.
The methods of mining diamonds at
Kimberly, which may be followed in
the new fields if the formation proves
the same, are outlined in a bulletin
from the Washington, D. C., head-
quarters of the National Geographic
“The mines at Kimberly,” says the
bulletin, “are in very ancient volca-
noes which ages ago lost all sem-
blance of activity. But during their
youth the great heat and pressure of
these volcanoes created gigantic lab-
oratories in their depths in which
thousands of the hard white carbon
crystals, which are diamonds, were
created. The precious little lumps are
embedded in a great volume of worth-
less rock known as ‘blue ground,” and
under old conditions were as hard to
find as the proverbial needle in a hay-
stack. But just as a clever searcher
could probably locate his needle with
a powerful magnet, despite the straw,
so engineers have evolved mechanical
means cleverly to separate the few
tiny diamonds from the many tons of
dirt in which they are hidden.
“The effectiveness with which Na-
ture has concealed the crystals is evi-
denced by the fact that when the ‘blue
ground’ weathers it crumbles, and
great harrows like those used on the
bonanza farms of the west, are drag-
ged over it to facilitate the process.
“Eventually the material is broken
down into relatively fine particles. It
is then taken in truck-loads to the
mechanical plant of the mine for
treatment. The ground is mixed with
water in great mixing machines and
passed over screens of fine wire mesh-
“When as much as possible of the
foreign material has been removed in
this way the coarse residue, contain-
ing the diamonds, is passed over slop-
ing, vibrating tables covered with
thick grease. Because of some little
understood physical property dia-
monds stick to the grease while the
worthless material flows over the edge
of the tables. The grease with its load
of crystals is then scraped into a per-
forated container and heated by
steam. The grease melts away and
leaves the small but highly valuable
object of these months of work.
“How widely spaced the diamonds
are in their matrix of earth can be
shown best perhaps by a comparison
of volumes. The earth taken out in a
year by the largest mining company
in the field, would form a cube more
than 430 feet in each dimension. This
would fill a large city block to a height
of more than thirty stories. The dia-
monds found in this vast amount of
earth would fill only two or three desk
drawers or a cubical box less than
three feet in each dimension. But
these few pecks of stones for which a
mountain was moved were worth per-
haps in excess of $25,000,000.
“One of the most striking features
of the mining of diamonds by the
large companies in Kimberly is the ex-
istence of the unique labor compounds.
Since diamonds are so easily stolen,
only native laborers are employed who
will agree to ‘enlist’ for at least three
months and remain for that period,
(when not in the mines, or on the
‘floors’) within a walled enclosure. In
the largest compound, covering more
than four acres, 3,000 men live. Not
only are these compounds surrounded
by high walls, but they are also cov-
ered overhead by fine wire netting so
that diamonds cannot be thrown out-
side to confederates.
“Laborers entering or leaving a
compound must go through a proced-
ure not unlike that when entering a
foreign country having strict immi-
gration and customs laws. They must
pass a health examination and if dis-
eased are rejected or placed in quar-
antine. Only certain articles may be
taken into a compound, and no boots,
shoes, or other hard or solid mater-
ials may be taken out, only clothing
which has been searched. In the larg-
est of the compounds, where some la-
borers have chosen to stay for years,
are stores, a church, a school, a hos-
pital and dispensary, athletic grounds
and a swimming pool. The manager
of the compound is a sort of mayor
and judge rolled into one and is called
upon to decide innumerable disputes.”
Real Estate Transfers.
Jacob Andrew Gettig, et ux, to Wil-
liam C. Johnston, tract in College
Louise V. Harris to Theodore Davis
Boal, tract in Harris and Potter town-
Harold Gill Bell, et al, to Grace
Bell, tract in Rush township; $1.
Sarah E. Garis to Dennis Edward
Haley, tract in State College; $6,750.
Edward J. Kinze, et ux, to Russell
D. Casselberry, tract in State College;
Boyd N. Johnston, et ux, to Mrs.
Eliza Freeman, tract in State College;
John L. Holmes to Clarence L. Wea- |
ver, tract in Ferguson township; $200.
Orlando C. Bowes to Roy Buck,
tract in State College; $16,000.
I. G. Gordon Foster, et al, to Harry
M. Coll, tract in State College; $1,000.
Samuel V. Styers, et ux, to Fred F.
Styers, tract in Haines township; |
_ David Chambers, et ux, to Lehigh
Valley Coal Co., tract in Snow Shoe
Fred W. Zettle to Ammon F. Sny-
der, tract in Gregg township; $200.
Horace W. Orwig, et ux, to J. W.
Wagner, et ux, tract in State College;
Anna Frances Jackson to Hugh M.
Moore, tract in Rush township; $800.
J. Howard Musser, et ux, to Emma
M. Campbell, tract in State College;
Arabella Keen to John C. Barnes,
tract in Spring township; $2,200.
Kate Parker Hile, et bar, to John C.
Barnes, tract in Spring township;
Mahlon Shank, et al, to Mary M.
Shank, tract in Howard; $1.
John P. Harris to Charlotte R. Mus- |
ser, tract in Boggs township; $3,600.
_ LG. Gordon Foster, et al, to Mar-
tin R. Bower, tract in State College;
C. N. Showalter, et ux, to Mary Me- |
Gormicls tract in State College; $6,- |
Children Cry for Fletcher's
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over thirty years, has borne the signature of
on the wrapper all these years
All Counterfeits, Imitations
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children—Experience against Experiment.
Never attempt to relieve your baby with a
remedy that you wo
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric,
Drops and Soothing Syrups.
neither Opium, Morphine nor
age is its guarantee. For more than thirty years it has
been in constant use for the relief of Constipation,
Wind Colic and Diarrhoea;
allaying Feverishness arising
therefrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Bowels, aids
the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children’s Comfort—The Mother’s Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
In Use For Over 30 Years
The Kind You Have Always Bought
THE CENTAUR COMPANY, NEW YORK CITY.
to protect the coming
Do not be deceived.
and ‘‘Just-as-good” are but
uld use for yourself.
It is pleasant. It contains
other narcotic substance. Its
t= 4S rd
A ride in a Lincoln is one continuous
trip of comfort and enjoyment. Changes
in road conditions bring scarcely any
tible difference in the smoothness
with which your car travels.
Rear springs shackled at both ends; final
drive through a torque tube; combined
with superior control of the motor
power itself, afford a master sense of
security in any driving emergency.
For Sale by BEATTY MOTOR CO., Bellefonte Pa
Distributors of LINCOLN and_FORD Cars. ;
Ten Body Types
Shoes. io =
SE EE Ee TE Ea EREREENE EE
: School Shoes §
g The time is now here £5
g for School Shoes and it
¢ will pay you to look over £&
1 our line before you pur- g
7 Quality the bestand the &
= price reasonable.
Yeager’s Shoe Store
THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN
Bush Arcade Building ’ 58-27
Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
Lyon & Co.
Lyon & Co.
We are now receiving new merchandise in all
departments. Coats and Suits for the smart au-
tumn apparel, finds us ready to outfit the family at
the least cost.
The latest word in the modish Sweater for la-
dies, Misses and Children.
LADIES’ FALL DRESSES.
Canton Crepes, Crepe de Chine, Charmeuse,
Satin, Cantons, Taffetas and Poiret Twills. All the
new colors and black, with the fancy girdles, new
side draped skirt with long panels.
All wool cloths for sport togs; Tweeds, Cheviots
and Serges—all the new wanted shades.
12} cent apron checks, 86 in. percales, light and
dark, 18 cents.
White table damask 48 cents. sofa
34 inch Cretonnes 18 cents.
27 inch very heavy unbleached Canton Flannel
36 inch unbleached Muslin 12} cents.
Heavy gray and white Toweling 10 cents.
Dark Dress Ginghams only 25 cents.
Ladies’ Silk Hose, black and white, $1.00.
Men’s and Ladies’ Shoes in the new fall styles at
wondrously low prices.
) Children’s School Shoes, exceptional values at
Lyon & Co. « Lyon & Co.