Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, August 18, 1922, Image 1
—In thirty-one days fall will be here and it seems that spring came only yesterday. ——In other words the Pennsylva- nia Republican ship proposes to sail without a rudder. —The miners have gone back to work, but if the railroaders continue on strike there will be no cars to load. —The business men have had their picnic. Now let the American Legion go to it for a bigger one on Labor day. —Talk about deflation, there are a lot of people who bought farms a few years ago who know exactly what it means now that they want to sell them. Those statesmen who declare the bonus proposition is an insult to the soldiers would be perfectly willing to have a similar insult put upon themselves. Without any inside information on the subject we are willing to risk a small wager that Senator Pepper will not “spit in the eye” of Senator Vare’s pet bull dog. ——The Prohibitionists who are moving upon Germany are “riding for a fall.” The average German would as soon pay the reparation claims as give up his beer. ——The sale of liquor on board American ships continues in unabat- ed volume while all the energies of the government are being employed to suppress the back alley bootleggers. ——Judging by the vehemence with which some corporation managers in- sist on keeping faith with the strike breakers one might imagine that they never betrayed a trust in their lives. Those millionaire bootleggers might find it worth while to employ chairman Lasker, of the Shipping Board, in some such capacity as the movie kings got Will Hays for a screen. —In the coming fight for Senator the soldier boys will have a chance to decide between Col. Kerr, one of their pals who wants to do something for them, and Senator Pepper, who wouldn’t do anything when he had a chance. —Gradually the stage'is putting the lid on “wet” and “dry” jokes. People are tired of them, of course, but it must be admitted that about ninety per cent. of all other jokes they hear coming across the footlights make them just as tired. ~The soft coal strike is over and coal again. The price is high at ent, but if those who act- ually don’t need coal until later hold off their orders until more pressing demands are met the price should fail rather than advance. —President Harding’s feet have been examined by an expert who has pronounced them to be muscularly and anatomically perfect. We pre- sume this discovery will be used in the next Republican campaign book to prove that their candidate is a man of perfect understanding. —The Senate has given up the at- tempt to make a palatable pill of the Fordney tariff measure and turned the whole mess over to President Harding. The nearer election day ap- proaches the more desperate are a lot of Senators and Congressmen becom- ing in their search for a goat. —We note that some one has given The Pennsylvania State College fifty- six dollars with which to provide homes and shelter for the birds on the campus. Of course this is for the feathered variety, but on certain rare nights in June we have seen the need of homes up there for numbers of the other kind. —One of our contemporaries an- nounced on Tuesday that “forty-five state clerks will lose one week’s work.” Isn’t it pathetic! What a pitiable plight for fellows, who have been accustomed to the grind, grind, grind of departmental endeavor at Harrisburg. Why, they won’t know how to loaf. —The London parley has broken up with relations between the Allies more strained than ever. It is a lamentable outcome, indeed, and we may be more vitally affected by it than we know. The world is not sane in thought these days. The little crevices between friends may be great chasms tomor- row and then—well, let us look it squarely in the face; war looms again. .—Those of our readers who are reading, with so much pleasure and, we hope, benefit the sage counsel that Levi Miller sends, on occasion, from Pleasant Gap will find his contribu- tion next week profound with wisdom. Really we never expected to hear from Levi again after he undertook to write a cook book and betrayed his wife’s culinary secrets. Evidently the good lady didn’t give him what he expected to get,— h—and we may hope for fur- ther fulsome dissertations from Levi. —Lord Northcliffe’s death removes a striking figure from English jour- nalism. His rise to power in the Brit- ish Empire was almost sensational and his death, at less than sixty years, but the natural sequence of burning the candle at both ends. For a time he made and unmade cabinets but the ravaging strain of his prodigious work finally broke his physical and mental powers to the point where he lost his last battle with Lloyd George and since that he had been a broken ' man. have been idle for months | Tr ~ Aemocrali 7H »e STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION. _VOL. 67. Who is David A. Reed and Why? On Tuesday, according to news dis- patches, Governor Sproul appointed David A. Reed, of Pittsburgh, to the great office of Senator in Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Crow. This fact moves us to ask who is David A. Reed, and what service has he performed for the peo- ple of Pennsylvania worthy of such a reward? He is a comparatively young man who has acquired considerable wealth and some reputation as a coi- poration lawyer. His father was as- sociated in the practice of law with the late Senator Philander C. Knox, and when Senator Knox entered pub- lic life, became the head of the legal staff of the Steel trust. The son, Da- vid A. Reed, succeeded to this lucra- tive job when advancing years and abundance of wealth made it possible and desirable for the father to retire. Beyond that David A. Reed has had no professional experience. A year or so ago Senator Penrose set out to administer the affairs and distribute the emoluments of the Re- publican machine of Pennsylvania for the immediate future. There was an unwritten but sacred law of the or- ganization that the Pennsylvania rail- road should not only have the power to name, but absolutely control, one of the Senators in Congress and the Steel trust the other. Senator Knox repre- sented the Steel trust and Senator Penrose the Pennsylvania railroad. When Knox died last October Senator Crow was appointed in his place and when Penrose died Senator Pepper was named as his successor, thus pre- serving the status between the ma- chine and the corporations. The infir- mity of Senator Crow’s health made it inexpedient, however, to continue him in the office and it was decided to shift the toga to the shoulders of John A. Bell, a banker. Mr. Bell had been an obliging ad- junct of the machine and was satis- factory to both corporations. He had given former State Treasurer Kep- hart full liberty to use his name on checks and -other evidence of debt or Lewis suggested that there had been irregularities in the management of the State funds and started an inves- tigation. That made the nomination of Mr. Bell for the office of Senator hazardous if not impossible and the machine managers, Senator Penrose having died in the mean time, set about to select a candidate to repre- sent the Steel trust in the Senate. After a careful scrutiny of the can- didates and a searching survey of the conditions Mr. Reed was chosen. In justice to David A. Reed it must be admitted that he is a capable cor- poration lawyer and that he has been a faithful and efficient servant of the Steel trust. In fact his entire mature and professional life has been spent in the service of that corporation and he probably deserves from it any re- ward which fidelity and industry mer- it...But he has never done anything in his life which in the remotest degree inured to the benefit of the people of Pennsylvania. He has taken no part in civic progress, local or Sate- wide. He has led in no philanthropic enterprise nor has he contributed to any social or benevolent undertaking for the advancement of science or the promotion of public welfare. In fact he has been a drone in the hive of progress and improvement and devot- ed his whole life to the advancement of the interests of a predatory corpor- ation. The American Steel Corporation, known as the Steel trust, may have performed some useful service to the public in standardizing business and stableizing industry. But it was es- sentially a selfish service. The cor- poration was created to control the prices of its product and exact the highest tribute possible from consum- ers. Mr. Reed may have contributed a considerable part to this achieve- ment. But we can see no reason why the people of Pennsylvania should re- ward him in this extraordinary man- ner for such a service to the corpora- tion. Senator Knox had other claims to popular favor. Senator Crow had shown some inclination to consider the interests of the people. But Da- vid A. Reed has done positively noth- ing for the people of Pennsylvania or humanity. Why should these corpor- ate agents in office impose him on the voters of Pennsylvania? —— Upwards of seventy-five funcr- al directors of Central Pennsylvania held their annual summer outing at the Nittany Country club last Thurs- day. Frank E. Naginey, of Bellefonte, acted as host and toast master at the banquet served at noon. A business meeting was held in the afternoon which was followed by an hour on the golf course. Later the members mo- tored to Rockview and inspected the new penitentiary. —————— i ———————— —Get your job work done here. ble credit in the manip ation of the pub- lic funds for the benefit of some one or group d or identified. But about that time Auditor General | vested with Delegating the Taxing Power. The Senate has approved the sug- tion of Mr. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey, vesting in the President the power of regulating the tariff tax schedules. A similar proposition was made in 1918 when Woodrow Wilson was President and defeated. During the discussion on the subject then Warren G. Harding, then Senator for Ohio, protested vehemently against such a surrender of the legislative functions. In a letter to Senator Mec- Cumber on Friday, Warren G. Hard- ing, now President, quite as earnestly asserts the opposite view. “I be- lieve,” he writes, “it is a highly con- structive and progressive step in re- taining the good and eliminating the abuses which grow up under our tar- iff system.” The constitution of the United States declares that Congress “shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises.” That authority is placed nowhere else. From the beginning of the govern- ment no serious effort has been made to vest the power elsewhere. Every tax imposed upon the people for use of the general government, has been by act of Congress and it would be as reasonable to authorize the President to fix the rates and regulate the con- ditions of the income or inheritance taxes as to make the schedules for tariff taxes. As one Senator declar- ed it “would give the President a pow- er which no constitutional monarch possesses” and another stated it “is a direct retreat of Congress from the authority which it held to levy taxes and which it had no right to dele- gate.” The reason for this prostitution of power is plain. The tariff mongers who furnished the funds to buy the election of Harding are pressing for dividends on their investments and the Republican leaders in the Senate see no way of satisfying them other than this. The Senatorial wool growers and the beet sugar lobbyists in the Senate carried their points for the time though at such expense of trou- d labor that they have dispair- Harding is 1r power to fix tariff schedules they will get all they want and “when they want it.” He will keep faith with the millionaires be- cause he will need their help again. - The “Watchman” this week be- gins the publication of Miss Zona Gale's latest story, “Miss Lulu Bett.” Read the opening chapters ‘and you will-long for those to follow. Crime Against Women. Another “Richmond” has entered the tariff fray in Congress to confuse the protection mongers. Mr. F. H. Miles, widely known as former chair- man of the National Tariff Commis- sion association, has interposed objec- tions to the Fordney measure and places his substantial arguments where “they will do the most good.” That is he addresses himself to the women voters of the country and pre- sents to them such facts as ought to persuade them to vote against Re- publican candidates for Congress everywhere. “Some of us protection- ists,” he writes, “have been carried to the point of dishonor by our careless acceptance of the misrepresentations of greedy interests, or their pressure.” His statement presented in the form of a circular shows that “the rates on corsets will cost American women up to $58,000,000, while rates on hosiery and knit goods will invite price in- creases up to the preposterous total of $587,000,000. The revenue to the government from corsets will be only $10,000.and on knit goods and hosiery $3,600,000.” In other words, in order to secure a revenue for the govern- ment of $3,610,000, the women of this country wiil be compelled to hand over to the domestic manufacturers of those necessary articles of women’s apparel the enormous unearned boun- ty of $636,000,000. The present duty on hosiery is high enough and the pro- posed addition is graft levied on wom- en. Mr. Miles is no longer a spokesman for the National Tariff association but represents the Fair Tariff League. He is not a “free trader,” but has turned with disgust against the tar- iff pirates. “Our hosiery wages, though on a piece-rate basis, are, per day, the highest in the world,” he writes, “but our costs per unit pro- duced are the lowest.” Yet the tar- iff mongers in Congress propose to levy an additional burden on the wom- en of $636,000,000 a year to present to the domestic manufacturers under the false pretense of protecting thera from the pauper laborers of Europe. It is a crime against every woman in the United States which ought to be resented by the women voters at the election. ——The “Watchman” gives all the news while it is news. & BELLEFONTE, PA., AUGUST 18, 1922. No Platform for “the Gang.” The Republican machine leaders of Pennsylvania have arrived at the de- termination to conduct the campaign without a platform. This conclusion was reached at a conference held in Philadelphia, the other day,in which W. Harry Baker, state chairman, Gif- ford Pinchot, candidate for Governor, and George Wharton Pepper, candidate for Senator in Congress, participated. It was a wise thing to do. There could be no possible agreement among them. Baker, an expert spoilsman, Pepper, a changed churchman, and Pinchot, a bogus reformer, the safest course was to allow each to go his way unrestrained by convention. As for Major Reed anything will do. He represents the Steel trust and noth- ling else. | Mr. Baker will attend to the collec- i tion and disbursement of the funds, | Mr. Pepper will “spit in the eye of the bull dog,” Mr. Reed will milk the Steel trust and Giff will “guff” the public. It would be impossible to im- agine a better system of team work. Of course in the matter of contribu- tions neither “will be a dead head in the enterprise.” Giff gave liberally to the primary fund and will be equally generous now. Nobody can say that Pepper is a “piker,” either, for his primary contribution was ten to one in excess of that of any previous as- pirant for the office in Pennsylvania. What Reed will do is a matter of con- jecture. It is said that “nobody knows where a hobo goes” but everybody re- alizes that the Steel trust is no men- dicant. It is easy to see that a platform with such a ticket and in such circum- stances would be an embarrassment rather than 2a help. Promises that would satisfy the element upon which Baker is working would be anathema to the blind victims of Pinchot’s pre- tences and those that might appeal to Pinchot’s friends would work like poi- son in the blood of Baker’s adherents. Pepper has nothing to do but please Senator Vare and Reed is already un- der mortgage to the Steel trust. What good could a platform do under these Sproul is a “has-been,” no longer worth considering and “the gang” doesn’t need a platform. John W. Yearick, of Marion Township, Appointed County Commissioner. John W. Yearick, a life-long Demo- crat of Marion township, was appoint- ed minoriy County Commissioner on Wednesday morning by Judge Henry C. Quigley to succeed the late George M. Harter. Mr. Yearick is one of the most successful farmers of little Nit- tany valley and was a warm, personal friend of the late Mr. Harter. He is at present assessor in his home town- ship and has the confidence and es- teem of all who know him.. He is a man in the neighborhood of sixty years of age but active and energet. There is no doubt but that he will make a capable and conscientious County Commissioner. Dog Poisoner Abroad at Howard. The people of Howard and vicinity are considerably wrought up over the fact that a dog poisoner is abroad in that neighborhood and, according to reports, a dozen or more dogs have met their end by the poison route. The individual or individuals who are do- ing the work put out chunks of bread saturated with poison and covered with parafine. So many dogs have died from eating the poison that the people of that section are considering making up a substantial purse to offer as a reward for the detection and in- formation leading to the arrest and conviction of the guilty person. ——A few days ago the “Watch- man” received a letter from Lynch- burg, Va., and upon opening the same it proved to be from an old friend, Harry L. Camp, who is evidently lone- ly for Pennsylvania news as he had his name placed upon the “Watch- man” list. Mr. Camp is now factory manager for the Voegele and Dinning Co,. manufacturing confectioners and dealers in cigars, fireworks, ete. Thir- ty-six years or more ago Mr. Camp came to Bellefonte from Mifflin coun- ty and with Frank E. Naginey em- barked in the furniture business un- der the firm name of Camp & Nagi- ney. While living here he visited his grandparents at Milroy and word was received here that he had been killed by the kick of a horse and his friends naturally were greatly grieved that he had met such an untimely end, but in due course of time Harry turned up as usual and it developed that the re- port of his death was an error. In fact he is still alive and going strong and we hope he will continue the stride for years to come. ——It may as well be remembered that a wet straw vote will neither ab- rogate the Prohibition amendment nor repeal the Volstead law. Griest, Eyer The Tariff and Labor. From the Chicago Evening Post. One of the anomalies of the politi- co-industrial situation in the United States is the faet that, while the movement for deflation of production and service costs isin progress, Con- gress is determinedly pushing on with a tariff bill which must inevitably in- crease the cost of living. This is poor co-operation on the President’s program for a return to normalcy. Wage deflation is justified on the assumption that living costs are drop- ping. The assumption is sustained, in the main, by the figures of the gov- ernment’s bureau. But this down- ward tendency will not continue if we are to have a tariff which takes from the free list the imported raw mater- ials used in American manufacture and boosts duties in general on pro- ducts of farm and factory away above the schedules of the Payne-Aldrich act. Labor is insisting that the true measure of a wage is its relation to commodity and other cost factors in the individual and household budget. And here labor stands on sound foun- dation. This rule of measurement must be recognized. The government has made unbiased figures available to both labor and employers, and the ap- Plication of the rule is readily possi- e. If, then, after the inflating process has run its course to more or less de- gree in industry, we find the cost of living rising as the result of a high tariff, are we not likely to face anoth- er period of industrial disturbance when labor attempts to readjust its wage to the new cost scale? Senator McCumber has declared one purpose of his tariff is to maintain the wages of the American worker. We are not clear as to what he means, but we do know that the American worker need be less concerned about the number of dollars in his wage than about the relation the. dollar bears to the price of things he must buy; and we know that more costly to the em- ployer than good wages are'the unrest and dissatisfaction, controversy ' and warfare which result when living costs climb beyond the ratio they should bear to the income of the work- er. The Republican party, we fancy, will find it difficult to justify its tariff in the eyes of organized Jabot. Nor do we see how it can be justified in the eyes of the intelligent employer. Un- organized wage earners and .salaried workers will be in worst plight of all. Where is support to come from if the tariff be: made an election issue? The G. O. P. Dollar Mark. Irom the Philadelphia Record. It is gratifying to see that the Penn- sylvania League of Women Voters has taken strong ground against the polit- ically immoral project, probably orig- inating with the G. O. P. bosses, to have young women voting for the first time pledge themselves to support only the straight Republican ticket, and to stimulate such a movement by offering cash prizes of $1000 to those most successful in securing the organ- ization of clubs composed of such brainless voters. It is difficult to say which is the more reprehensible of these suggestions at a time like the present, when Pennsylvania is partic- ularly in need of electors who show character and independence in polit- ical action. But could anything be more charac- teristic of Republican methods and thoughts than such a use of money for the degredation of the ballot-box ? It is no wonder that the Pennsylvania League, a non-partisan body, regards it as nothing less than an insult to the intelligence of women voters and makes a vigorous protest against it. If the newly enfranchised voters are to accomplish anything of value in pol- itics they cannot afford to allow them- selves to be seduced by cash offers in- to promises which rob them of all freedom of thought and action and de- liver them like so many sheep on elec- tion day to the bosses. We have already far too much of that sort of thing in Pennsylvania. If the young women wish to take pledg- es let them be to vote according to their best intelligence, their con- science and their duty to the city and State. Any promise in which money has played a part is essentially im- moral and should be strongly rebuked by all self-respecting women. Prohibition Will Stay. From the Altoona Tribune. The Harrisburg Patriot takes the ground that if Congress were to un- dertake to modify the Volstead act so as to permit the sale of light wines and beer the Supreme court would de- clare such a measure unconstitutional for the reason that it would amount to a practical nullification of the eighteenth amendment to the Federal constitution. The Patriot also says quite truthfully, that “prohibition is here and here to stay. Money and en- ergy devoted to its repeal are wasted. The highly paid anti-prohibition prop- agandists are supported by selfish in- terests which hope to profit commerci- ally by discrediting prohibition. The overwhelming sentiment of the nation is for a dry country. The ‘wets’ are great noisemakers, but their impoten- cy to upset what the majority of the Americans want will be only the more apparent as their futile campaign goes on.” And these are words of truth and soberness. — SPAWLS FROM THE KEYSTONE. —Realizing that she was about to die, Mrs. Amanda Garrison, a well-known resi- dent of Bloomsburg, made all the arrange- ments for her funeral, even selecting the text from which the minister was to preach. Her plans were carried out to the letter. —While working at the bottom of a thirty-seven foot well on the Jacob Bru- baker farm at Cross Keyes, Blair county, on Monday, Brooks Brubaker was over- come by gas and is in a critical condition. Frank Rollins was overcome in rescuing him. It is supposed a pocket of natural gas was released by a blast of dynamite. —Dr. H. A. Surface, of Susquehanna University, has determined to be a candi- date for the State Legislature on an inde- pendent farmers’ ticket in Snyder county. He lost the nomination on a technicality because votes of Susquehanna University students who have been voting illegally for years were thrown out at the instance of his opponent. —On his way home from the Geissinger hospital, where his wife is a patient, Rog- er Wainwright, of Lewisburg, ran into a horse driven by a woman out of a lane di- rectly in the path of his automobile. The horse was so badly hurt it had to be kill- ed. Wainwright's machine was damaged and he suffered three broken fingers, be- sides cuts from the broken glass of the windshield. —During an electric storm at Middle- burg, Snyder county, last Thursday, light- ning struck the residence of John Winey. . The chimney was demolished and bricks thrown 200 feet. Eight windows were shattered and dishes in the kitchen cup- board were smashed to fragments. Even inlaid linoleum en the floor was torn to bits, it was said. The family was absent at the time. —After having extracted seven teeth for Howard Breiner, 40 years old, of near Naz- areth, last Friday, Dr. C. M. Koontz, a lo- cal dentist, was surprised to find his pa- tient dead. Deputy coroner Clarence Ru- loff, who made an investigation, learned that Breiner was subject to severe attacks of asthma, and gave a certificate that death was due to heart failure, absolving doctor Koontz from blamed. —Harry J. Straub, 51 years of age; his daughter Alva, 14, and her chum, Mary Kuski, 17, all of Shamokin, on Sunday drove to Bluff Point, a mile below Cata- wissa, for an outing. The girls removed their stockings and began wading in the river, when they encountered a bar of quicksand. Drawn by their cri's, Straub went to their rescue and all three were drowned. The bodies were recovered. —MTrs. Mary Gross, of Bethlehem, who is 86 years old, lays claim to being one of the oldest, if not the oldest, woman Sun- day school teacher in Pennsylvania ‘and perhaps in the United States, still in active service. Mrs. Gross began teaching in Sa- lem Lutheran Sunday school at Bethlehem in 1850 and, with the exception of a period of eight years, during which time she lived elsewhere, she has taught continuously. Secretary of Agriculture Fred Rasmus- sen is to make a tour of McKean, Clearfield and other counties in the interest of a movement to bring back Pennsylvania's old-time grazing activities. He will ac- company a number of men interested in raising beef cattle through parts of those and ‘adjoining counties, to inspect soil con- ditions and see if farms and cleared land which are available but not under cultiva- tion can be utilized for raising of cattle. —Caught by his feet in a belt while he was putting it on a high-speed flywheel at a coal digger operating along Shamokin creek, on Monday, William Refeor, 29 years old, was so badly injured that he died within an hour at the Mary M. Packer hos- pital. Workmen found him with a broken skull and broken legs suspended by his feet in the shafting, head downward, over deep water. He was still conscious and vainly trying to extricate himself, they said. —A. M. Stine, a Clearfield lumberman, closed a deal on Monday last, whereby he became the owner of a tract of timber, part of which is located in Curwensville borough, which contains nearly five hun- dred thousand feet of saw timber. The purchase was made from Hugh M. and Elizabeth Irvin, the timber lands being a part of the Col. E. A. Irvin estate. Mr. Stine is arranging to move his mill to Curwensville and will begin the work of cutting the timber at once. —Charging a violation of the prohibition laws when prominent citizens of Shamokin and Sunbury broke a bottle of champagne on a new state road last Friday night, a celebration commemorating the opening of the last link of a $300,000 state highway, a young man, who gave his name as J. L. Smith, of the Scranton prohibition office, sought information on Saturday as to its ownership and who transported it. Mayor Drumseller declared he did not know, and the sleuth went on to Shamokin in search of a clew. —Women complaining to the State bu- rrau of elections against assessment of taxes when they own no property have been referred by chief George D. Thorn to State laws on the subject, and, where they complain of inequality, to county commis- sioners. A number of complaints have been received the last few weeks from women who protest to the state authorities against being required to pay taxes. They have been informed the laws have made them citizens, and the State can make no exceptions. —~Sudden and unexpected spread of diph- theria at Pottsville is declared by Dr. Hen- ry Dierscheld, president of the board of health, to be due to people disregarding quarantine of homes where the disease ex- iets. An epidemic is feared. That the dis- ease if of a serious type was evidenced en Sunday by the death of Catharine Spino, a girl, who had apparently recovered, but whose heart was suddenly affected. She was a daughter of Frank Spino, who was killed a year ago when a companion gave him a poisonous drink. —Holding a revolver to the head of George Manis, a Pottsville business man, a highwayman took $150 and his gold watch on Sattirday’ night. The robbery took place on, Market street, only 10 yards away from the home of chief of police James Moyer, who lost no time in getting on the trail of the bandit, who, however, left no clue. Women saw the robbery, but thought Manis was only peaceably talking with the bandit. The latter addressed Manis by name and after asking him how his business: prospered, ordered him to hand over his cash. The bandit rode on the same trolley car with Manis prior to the robbery, and got off with his victim. The hold-up instantly followed.