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EA TR SBR
Bellefonte, Pa., July 28, 1922.
STEFANSSON WENT NORTH TO
Way up on the top of the world in
the regions north of the Arctic circle
there lies a land of splendid wealth,
awaiting only the coming of the pio-
neer for development. Such is the
conclusion of Viljalmur Stefansson,
famous explorer, after eleven and one-
half years of exploration in the lands
of the Arctic.
Mr. Stefansson first went north to
study a presupposed wasteland. In
reality he found a potential wealth
land capable of supporting fifty mil-
lion reindeer and ten thousand musk-
ox—a land which can be developed in-
to one of the world’s greatest sources
of meat supply.
This country with an area three-
quarters the size of the United States
is chiefly grass land, found knee-deep
as far as five hundred miles north of
the Arctic circle, and the prevailing
nature of this grass is akin to the fa-
mous Kentucky blue grass. He found
a wealth of vegetation proven by the
vast herds of caribou which roam and
thrive over the entire country. He
found that one spuare mile of this
grass country will support fifty ani-
A few months ago the editor of
World’s Work spoke of Mr. Stefans-
son as “The Great Unlearner.” It is
true that no explorer of recent years
has done more to upset the tradition-
al ideas prevalent concerning unex-
plored lands. For instance, he found
that instead of being “barren wilder-
ness” one could live on the land and
enjoy a good living on the seals, bear,
caribou and muskox, so plentiful in
the north. This statement is not theo-
ry; rather, it is a fact, for Stefansson
stepped out into the great unknown
of an Arctic sea with one year’s pro-
vision for his party, and returned five
years later in splendid health and
wpirite with his sledge dogs sleek and
There are now great plans under
way for the development of the north.
American financiers became interest-
ed, but when they found that it would
take fifteen years to get a return on
their capital they turned back to their
ticker tapes. In Canada Stefansson
was requested to address Parliament
on this subject of his plans for devel-
oping the north. The ultimate result
of his address was that the govern-
ment appointed a Royal Commission,
consisting of leading business men,
prominent textile manufacturers, pack-
ers, farm experts, bankers and rail-
way men, to hear witnesses from all
over the north and investigate every
angle of Stefansson’s scheme. The
meat was tested, the milk examined,
the muskox wool spun, combed and
manufactured into fine braid cloth,
the evidence of the various witnesses
sifted and finally the commission re-
ported back to the government that
“My. Stefansson’s plan is all that he
has said of it.” The government, how-
ever, was not in a position to invest,
so Mr. Stefansson went this time to
England. There he interested the
capitalists of the Hudson Bay com-
pany, that body of “gentlemen adven-
turers” who 250 years ago started the
first development of northern North
America, and to whose splendid pio-
neering achievements Canada owes
her existence as a nation today. They
made an inquiry and were satisfied
that the enterprise which Stefansson
suggested they should foster had tre-
mendous possibilities. The Hudson
Bay Reindeer company was organized
as another branch of the great corpor-
ation, and was started on its way with
a capitalization of $200,000, backed by
A charter was issued to the new
company, setting aside 113,000 square
miles of territory, in which for fifty
years the company may carry on its
experiment of developing the meat-
producing resources. Reindeer are
now being obtained from Norway, and
this spring, men, animals and equip-
ment will pour into the first great
reindeer ranch of North America. The
herds will be increased by means of
cross-breeding with the caribou (wild
reindeer), and as they can be made to
double in number every two years,
and increase as much as 150 pounds in
weight, with proper care, be raised at
a total cost of $1.00 per head per year,
and sold in three years at a price vary-
ing from 35 to 60 cents a pourd, it
does not require an unusual exercise
of the imagination to forsee how rap-
idly this development must spread
over the whole of northern North
Aside from the value of the meat
— which is not “gamey,” but on the
contrary has a flavor « s fresh as eith-
er beef or mutton, and a tenderness
and texture equal, if not superior, to
either—there are numerous other val-
uable parts of the reindeer. The skin
of this animal, when sewn into gar-
ments, affords man the greatest pro-
tection from cold and rain yet discov-
ered; it also offers an opportunity for
the development of a glove industry
equal to that of Sweden, for on Eu-
ropean markets reindeer gloves com-
mand three times the price of their
closest rival, the heavy mocha glove.
The hoofs and the antlers, and the
hair of this useful animal are also of
considerable commercial value.
The muskox, like the reindeer, is
enirely self supporting, requiring
neither food mor shelter from man.
Its meat is as palatable and nourish-
ing as that of prime beef cattle, and
its coat produces 16 to 18 pounds of
the very finest wool, yearly. Its name
is an entire misnomer, for it does not
possess the least odor of musk; it is
probable that this name was first giv-
en it by some trader in the days when
musk was rare and costly, in the hope
that it would greatly enhance the val-
ue of his discovery, or the animal may
have been confused with he real musk
ox that has its habitat in Thibet.
The domestication of the docile
musk ox and the assimilation of the
vast numbers of caribou into the do-
mestic reindeer herds, will not only
solve the ever urgent problem of the
world’s meat supply, but must, of ne-
cessity give rise to a rapid and ever
increasing commercial progress over
the great Arctic prairies, abounding
as they do with their wealth of oil,
timber and minerals, and their tre-
mendous reserves of water power,
from the Atlantic to the Pacific across
the northern end of this continent.
Stefansson’s splendid exploratory
achievements and valuable medical
and scientific contributions would
seem sufficient to satisfy the highest
ambitions, but his tireless energy and
powers of foresight have found their
fullest materialization in this plan to
convert millions of acres of hitherto
unutilized territory into a greater Ar-
gentina of the north; a plan which has
fired the enthusiasm and enlisted the
support of some of the most promi-
nent men of the day, and bids fair to
be one of the greatest commercial and
land developments in hisory.
Big Beekeepers’ Meeting at Troy.
The Northern Pennsylvania Bee-
keepers’ Association and the Pennsyl-
vania State Beekeepers’ Association
will hold a joint summer meeting at
the apiary of Harry W. Beaver, Troy,
Pa., on Thursday, August 3rd.
The apiary is located along the im-
proved state highway at the Beaver
home, one mile south of Troy. The
meeting will be a big one day picnic.
During the forenoon, practices in
commercial beekeeping will be demon-
strated at the home and some of the
out apiaries. The Beaver apiary is
one of the largest in the State.
At noon the women will serve din-
ner, picnic fashion. Fill and bring
your lunch baskets.
After dinner Dr. E. F. Phillips,
Apiculturist, Department of Agricul-
ture, Washington, D. C.; Eric W. At-
kins, representative of the American
Honey Producers’ League, Watertown,
Wisconsin; George S. Demuth of the
A. I. Root company, Medina, Ohio;
and prominent Pennsylvania beekeep-
ers will address the meeting.
Every beekeeper is invited to be
present and assist in making the day
and occasion memorable. Come for a
good and a profitable time.
HARRY W. BEAVER, President.
CHAS. N. GREENE, Sec.-Treas.
A Driving Musician.
The wealthy uncle was talking over
the prospects of his nephew with the
“How is he doing with his studies?”
“Oh, very well. He’s very intelli-
gent; he shows a great talent for mu-
sic and his manner is very haughty.
His teacher thinks he will become a
“Ah! Indeed!” responded his un-
cle; “bus or trolley car?”
Johnny had used some unparlia-
mentary language, much to his moth-
er’s distress. i
“Johnny,” she cried, “do stop using
such dreadful expressions. I can’t
imagine where you pick them un.”
“Well, mother, Shakespeare uses
“Then don’t play with him again,”
commanded his mother; “he’s not a
fit companion for you, I'm sure.”
Bad Company for Johnny.
— Subscribe for the “Watchman.”
State College Assists Farmers
Agricultural extension specialists of
The Pennsylvania State College gave
assistance during the past year to
more than 2000 farmers in the keep-
ing of their accounts and the manage-
ment of farms. A summary of ihe
work accomplished in the year ending
July 1, shows that the agricultural ex-
tension department not only gave ad-
vice in the actual raising of crops but
rendered assistance in such matters
as farm mortgages, book-keeping,
cost computing, farm leases and farm
Individual instruction was given to
the farmers in their own localities.
The problems taken up included al-
most every phase of farm manage-
ment. Records on the cost of produc-
ing milk, beef, young pigs and pota-
toes, kept by individual farmers, were
summarized by the extension special-
ists and the rezults used by the far-
mers to improve their methods. In
more than one case, the farmer who
believed he was operating at a profit,
was surprised to find that he was ac-
tually falling below a five per cent.
return on his investment.
Among the results obtained in this
work for the year were the facts that ||
the number of farms carrying mort-
gages have increased in number; that
the cost of producing 100 pounds of
milk on different farms varied from
$2.51 to $4.33; that the average gen-
eral cost of producing a bushel of po-
tatoes was 62 cents, while from the
farms where potato spraying was
practiced the cost per bushel was only
36 cents; and that the cost of produc-
ing little pigs to the weaning age was
$4.34 per pig.
The result of the advice of State
College extension specialists has been
many dollars saved to Pennsylvania
mm ————p A ——————.
——Keeping to the middle of the
road in times of excitement and tur-
moil is particularly difficult.
Children Cry for Fletcher's
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over thirty years, has borne the signature of
on the wrapper all these years
ust to protect the coming
Do not be deceived.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and “Just-as-good” are but
trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children—Experience against Experiment.
Never attempt to relieve your baby with a
remedy that you would use for yourself.
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric,
Drops and Soothing Syrups.
Morphine nor other narcotic substance.
For more than thirty years it has
age is its guarantee.
It is pleasant.
been in constant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency,
Wind Colic and Diarrhoea; allaying Feverishness arising
therefrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Bowels, aids
the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children’s Comfort—The Mother’s Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
In Use For Over 30 Years
The Kind You Have Always Bought
THE CENTAUR COMPANY, NEW YORK CITY.
9 any |
BN Zant originated
AN [ast Fall
Men have always
tire money’s worth
Better, Heavier, Longer Wearing
30x3%-%109° No Tax added
on Sale Now
ISCO set the high value mark
for 30 x 31, tires when it
USCO today betters that
mark with a new and greater USCO—an
USCO improved in many important ways.
For instance, a thicker tread—with a
surer hold on the road—thicker side walls,
adding strength and life to the tire.
And the price is $10.90—with the
tax absorbed by the manufacturer.
USCO for the biggest tire
money’s worth on the market.
They always get a bigger
Bellefonte, P. H. McGarvey.
Blanchard, Blanchard Auto Service.
Fleming, J. C. & J. B. Stere.
the $10.90 price
United States. @ Rubber Company
Ry Oe arion ts Tos Work
Marengo, Rider Bros.
Orviston, Orviston Supply Company.
Port Matilda, Osman Garage.
Snow Shoe, Haywood Tire Serv. Sta.
pu A A NN is Ale ey
| SILK HOSE |
oi , oh
pl Ladies’ $2.50 black and 7
pL tan Pure Silk Hose re gl
rd duced to
A AS No
k Yeager’s Shoe Store
= THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN
Bush Arcade Building 58-27 BELLEFONTE, PA.
SANE NEE NEE eR a Be le
Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
Lyon & Co.
Lyon & Co.
This month prices drop in all departments.
Crepe and Muslin Night Gowns the $1.75 quality
Muslin Drawers as low as 65 cents.
Petticoats at 5c. to $1.00 that are worth double.
Children’s White Dresses as low as 50 cents.
One lot Ladies’ White Gauze Vests, Swiss Lisle
20 cents each.
Reductions on all Ready to Wear Garments.
One lot Children’s Coats, sizes from 3 to 8 years,
Bungalow Dresses now 98 cents.
Gingham Porch Dresses now $1.75, $2.50 and
$3.00. These are worth while seeing.
Ladies’ fancy plaid and striped Skirts $5.00
quality, now .$3.00.
Ladies’ Coats, Suits and Dresses at cost. We
are going to clean up in this department. We invite
inspection. Prices are right for quick selling.
Shoes and Hosiery are in line for this reduction
sale. Men, women and children’s Shoes and Hose to
match at clean-up prices.
Lyon & Co. « Lyon & Co.