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Bellefonte, Pa., April 21, 1922.
—Seven per cent. of the farmers of
Pennsylvania employed female house-
hold help last year.
—The condition of wheat in the
ground on March 1st was 92 per cent.,
compared with normal, and is approx-
imately the same as one year ago.
—Experiments in feeding alfalfa
tea to calves and pigs have failed to
give results sufficient to justify the
additional expense of preparing it.
—Sixteen per cent. of the farmers
in this State stored ice during the past
winter and it is about double the num-
ber ost stored ice the winter of 1920-
—It appears that the number of
flocks of sheep in Pennsylvania declin-
ed about three per cent. during the
past year. This condition will change
as the industry improves and takes on
—Estimates show that on March 1
the Pennsylvania farmers were hold-
ing 21 per cent., or 4,820,000 bushels
of the 1921 wheat crop; and 27 per
cent., or 5,061,000 bushels of the po-
—Approximately 57 per cent. of the
farmers in the Keystone State have
telephone connections. Conditions
have not been favorable and there has
been practically no extension of the
lines during the past two years.
—There will be no reduction of corn
acreage in the dairy districts, accord-
ing to reports, as there is a tendency
to depend more largely upon home-
grown feeds. Silos are on the in-
crease, and more farmers are becom-
ing interested in alfalfa to take the
place of some of the grain products.
—Extended studies of the milking
machine situation at the Geneva, N.
Y., Experiment Station have convine-
ed the experts that the makers of
milking machines have failed to ap-
preciate the matter of sanitation. The
modern milking machine eliminates
dirt from the milk; but it furnishes an
ideal breeding place for bacteria.
—The farmer who has not a well-
thought-out plan for the season’s
work; who has not set some mark to-
ward which he will strive; who is not
ambitious to improve the conditions
surrounding himself and family, mere-
ly exists. He has nothing to live for,
and as a matter of fact, is of but lit-
tle value to his community. Men of
this character who live in town are
generally the ones to appeal to the
Federated Charities for help. In the
country they fare better, but they sel-
—There is probably more detail
work in a vegetable garden than there
is in the growing of general farm
crops. The strictest attention is re-
quired, and according to the care giv-
en depends the success or failure. IS
is necessary that the land be thor-
oughly tilled before the seed is put in
the ground; andthe heavier or more
compact the soil the more attention
must be paid to this work. It is im-
portant that the manure be well in-
corporated into the soil and the ground
well worked to a depth of six inches
or more. Crops must never be rushed
into a soil that has not been previous-
ly prepared. After the crop is plant-
ed tillage should be shallow in order
that all weed growth may be destroy-
ed, and a fine covering of earth is left
on the surface of the soil to prevent
evaporation. Cultivation to the depth
of about two inches is sufficient.
—Partially rotted stable manure is
best applied to the land in the fall. It
should be plowed in to a depth of six
inches. The manure should be well
rotted if used in the spring, especially
in the case of early vegetables.
In well-rotted manure we have a
plant food that is at once available to
the crop. For late crops, however,
rough and partially decayed manure
may be employed provided it is ap-
plied to the soil in the spring. But
it is always the best for all vegetable
crops to apply the manure in the fall
and plow it under. ;
There is an advantage in using com-
mercial fertilizers, and probably the
most satisfactory for vegetable grow-
ing is one containing 4 per cent. nitro-
gen, 8 per cent. phosphoric acid and
10 per cent. potash. This should be
sown broadcast, just prior to seeding,
scattering evenly and mixing with the
soil by harrowing. An ounce of fer-
tilizer to the square yard would re-
quire 300 pounds to the acre.
—Peas, carrots, beets, parsnips, tur-
nips, radish, spinach, lettuce, parsley,
cabbage, cauliflower, celery and on-
ions are the principal cool season
crops, and may be started in April or
early in May—just as soon as the
ground can be properly worked.
Tomatoes, cucumbers, melons, corn,
beans, peppers and egg plant are
warm season vegetables, and in order
to properly develop must have a tem-
perature not lower than 60 degrees.
Seeds of these should not be sown un-
til after the middle of May, when dan-
ger of frost is past.
Warm season vegetables require a
warm soil and a southern exposure,
while cool season vegetables may be
put in cooler and later soils in more
northern situations. For very early
vegetables a southern exposure is al-
ways desired. .
For a continuous supply of certain
vegetables—peas, radish and lettuce,
and later with beans, successional
sowings of the same kind of seed may
be made every 10 days until the mid-
dle of June. This will make available
a supply confined to a week or ten
days spread over several weeks.
Where hand work in the garden is
necessary, one of the most useful im-
plements is a double-wheel hoe. With
such a hoe it is possible to work the
suface soil close up to the plant, leav-
ing it in fine condition, and saving
costly weeding and hoeing by hand.
In small gardens and especially in
growing onions, where considerable
hand work is necessary, a wheel hoe
is indispensable, but it cannot be used
to advantage in hard soils, nor where
weeds have grown large.
NEW FORM OF “HOOCH.”
Moonshine Causes Strange Supor and
Makes Drinker Wild.
Bootleggers’ booze is getting men-
tion in the medical journals nowadays,
and for the scientific reason that it
starts things weirder and wilder than
any amount of the old time sure
enough bonded whiskey. Physicians
read with interest a short time ago of
the experience of Chicago physicians
in treating imbibers of alcoholic tin-
itrotoluol, particularly a report made
by Dr. B. Lemchen in the current is-
sue of the Medical Record.
“So far as the Bowery is concerned,
give me the pre-prohibition days
Father William J. Rafter, head of
the Holy Name Mission and a veter-
an in good woks among the derelicts
of the Bowery, made that statement
with emphasis in New York recently.
He was talking about the desperately
bad effects of the denatured alcohol
which, mixed woth water, is being im-
bibed along the Bowery under the
name of “Bowery Smoke.”
“It’s hellish stuff,” said Father Raf-
ter. “When it doesn’t kill these poor
fellows it drives them blind and crazy.
They know not what they do.
“In old days, the days when men
could get a decent drink, I never saw
such sights as I am confronted with
evey day now. The Bowery men
drank beer or mixed ale, and even
when they took the hard stuff it didn’t
hurt them much. This new liquor is
different. It is rank poison to brain
and body. So far as the Bowery is
concerned, prohibition is a wicked
We have easily more than twice as
many violent alcoholic cases now as
we had two or three years ago. It was
really rare then to see a man blind,
staggering, crazy drunk. Lots of
times we saw poor fellows who had
slipped down the ladder some a bit
under the influence, and God knows
that was bad enough, for I do not
defend liquor in any way, but they
were amenable to advice and sugges-
“When they got over their bat they
were in fair physical and mental con-
dition. They could get a job or do
what they had to do. Now they are
hopeless. They are inspired to crime
and every mentionable wickedness.
Drunkenness has increased and is in-
creasing fast—in this section of the
town—and I know what I am talking
about after a quarter of a century
of work among these people.”
Whenever possible Father Raiter
advises the magistrates to commit
men to the workhouse for intoxica-
tion after drinking “Bowery Smoke.”
“It’s the only way to save their
lives,” said Father Rafter. “Turned
loose, they would buy a little more of
NEW CORN PEST INVADES THIS
COUNTRY FROM MEXICO.
A comparatively new corn insect
that promises to become a serious pest
has made its appearance in southern
Texas and New Mexico, according to
reports to the Bureau of Entomology
of the United States Department of
Agriculture. It is a boring caterpil-
lar closely related to the larger corn-
stalk borer of the South Atlantic
States, and has been identified by the
bureau as Diatrae lineolata Walker.
At least two generations occur an-
nually in the Big Bend region of Tex-
as and the full-grown caterpillars of
the second generation hibernate in the
corn stubble under ground. During
February many fields were found in
that region in which 25 per cent. of
the corn stubble contained hibernat-
ing caterpillars. According to repre-
sentatives of the bureau who have in-
vestigated the situation the distribu-
tion is very imperfectly known, but
the pest is believed to inhabit most of
southern New Mexico, particularly the
Pecos River Valley, and is numerous
in southwestern Texas.
Apparently, it is said, this pest is
moving northward from Mexico,
where it was abundant and very in-
Children Cry for Fletcher's
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over thirty years, has borne the signature of
‘conduct during the world war.
jurious last season. This species has |
been known to be present in southern
New Mexico since 1913, and was
studied in a preliminary way there
by a representative of the bureau in
the early spring of 1914.
Arthur C. Tonley, president of the
Non-partisan League, is said to be
organizing a new political party to
be made up of farmers. However, it
is not at all probable that he will get
very far with it. He still has doubt
about him that flavor of the jail
where he did time for his Yreasonsble
as if that were not enough the plight
of North Dakota stands as an elo-
quent testimonial against committing
public affairs to his conduct and
keeping. Entrusted with control in
that State in order to correct rank
abuses and avoid direct evils, Town-
ley proceeded to employ the affairs of
the people for his own enrichment and
his entrenchment in power. He im-
posed upon the people far greater
abuses than those against which they
had revolted, and in the name of lib-
erty he subjected them to the most
Juirageous tyranny.—Fort Wayne
At ———— ens rs s—.
——Subscribe for the “Watchman.”
and has been made under his per-
sonal ‘supervision since its infancy.
Allow no one to deceive you in this.
the stuff and that would mean death. '
They pay 20 cents for a half pint of |
this ‘medicated alcohol,’ doctor it with
water and swing it down. It's got so
we have to keep a husky guard on the
door of the Holy Name Mission to
keep these crazy men from thrusting
themselves in and starting a fight.”
New York police give testimony
similar-to Father Rafter’s, saying in
the districts touching the Bowery that
their work among the intoxicated is
harder and more dangerous than it
ever was in the days before prohibi-
tion became legally effective.
——When you see it in the “Watch-
man” you know its true.
Nash Leads the World in Motor Car Value
To make certain that Nash cylinders are
absolutely true, a stream of cold water is
circulated through the water jackets as the
barrels are machined. This
being generated by the operation of machin- |
ing, and it is heat that expands the cylinder
and causes the variations in size which distin-
guish inferior cylinders from Nash cylinders.
Prices range from $965 to $2390, f. 0. b. factory
WILLIS E WION
All Counterfeits, Imitations and ** Just-as-good? are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children—
Never attempt to relieve your baby with a
remedy that you would use for yourself,
5 mw ei ! >
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric,
Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains
neither Opium, Morphine nor other narcotic substance. Its
For more than
been in constant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency,
Wind Colic and Diarrhoea; allaying Feverishness
therefrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Bowels, aids
the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children’s Comfort—The Mothes’s Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
age is its guarantee.
Inge For Ores 30 Years
THE CENTAUR ee NEW YORK —.
T IS interesting to observe to what lengths
Nash goes in painstaking shop practice,
because it bears directly upon the quality
that has earned Nash cars their nation-wide
FOURS and SIXES
prevents heat !
nce against E ent.
thirty years it has
bi Al HP re
tit te +
Spring Styles and Prices
Fil Ladies’ Grey Suede, 1 strap pumps, A]
7 Baby Louis heels, ~- - - $7.00 i
fa Ladies’ Black Satin Pumps, 1 and Le
TL 3 straps, : - - milo - $6.00 Ur
20 Ladies’ Black Suede Pumps, 1 strap $7.00 1
| | 0 1
oh Ladies’ Patent Leather Oxfords, - $6.00 oh
Lie Ladies’ 1 and 3 strap, Patent Colt Ly
Lt Pops, - - + = = $6.00 Oc
3 al Le
= Us a — ————— A
We have anything you need in Shoes. The quality is guar-
oh anteed and the amount you will save, makes it worth your while i
=] to purchase your Shoes at ir
¢ Yeager's Shoe Store @
0 THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN 0
2 Bush Arcade Building 58-27 BELLEFONTE, PA. i
EEE EE EEE EE EEE EEE Ey RRR
Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
Lyon & Co. Lyon & Co.
SPECIAL RUG AND LINOLEUM PRICES.
New merchandise at low prices will help you in
the moving and house-cleaning time. If you want
Axminster, Velvet, Wool, Fibre or Grass rugs in new
designs. All new Linoleums. Smaller Rugs and
Stair Carpets. Unusual values at lowest prices.
DRAPERIES AND CRETONNES.
Colored Nets for windows and doors—any color
scheme—we can match.
COATS, SUITS AND CAPES.
We have made special new low prices on all
Coats and Suits. This means the best values at
greatly reduced prices.
Our line of Gingham Dresses is very complete.
All colors; all sizes to 48, in the slim and straight §
lines; smartly sashed, with white collar and cuffs;
from $3.00 up.
Royal Worcester and Bon Ton. The new mod-
els in our Spring and Summer line are most com-
plete. Corsets for the slender, medium and large
figures. We begin them at $1.00.
Ladies’, Misses’ and Children’s Low Shoes,
Mary Janes, Strap Pumps, Regular Sport Oxfords,
in Patent leather; Cordovan, Black and White com-
bined, all white, exceptional values; from $2.50 to
Men's and Boys’ Shoes at new low prices.
Lyon & Co. « Lyon & Co.