Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., April 7, 1922.
RADIUM AND ITS POWER.
If there is a microscopic bit of ra-
dium contained in a crystal of zinc
sulphide the crystal becomes lumin-
ous. This effect is due to a most re-
markable bombardment. It might be
compared with the firing of many can-
non enclosed in a rock-walled space
where each steel shell that struck the
walls emitted a flash of flame. The
particles emitted by the radium strike
the walls of the crystal and produce
Radium is gradually becoming less
mysterious in the hands of scientists.
1t is also slowly becoming more plen-
tiful, though today there are scarcely
five ounces of radium in the whole
world. To make a mere thimble full
of it, about eight car loads of ore
must be reduced, and this involves the
employment of 900 separate processes
covering an interval of six months.
Not more than three or four compa-
nies are producing this precious met-
al. One of these companies, the Unit-
ed States Radium Corporation, is lo-
cated in the United States.
The ore in this country from which
the radio active element is obtained
usually comes in the form of a canary
or sulphur-yellow rock. It is mined
in the Rocky Mountains, in Utah and
The rock is drilled by means of a
diamond drill. The chunks of carno-
tite are brought up and crushed and
sifted. After testing the ore with an
electroscope, to estimate its value, it
is shipped all the way from the Rocky
Mountains to Orange, New Jersey,
Where the refining plants are located.
Quantities of water and fuel are
required in the refining processes, and
as this is lacking in the vicinity of
the mines, it is more economical to
transport the ore across the continent.
The reduction of radium demands
the most exact work from the labora-
tory assistants. Men who hold such
positions are carefully chosen, since a
fortune depends upon their judgment
‘When all the work of the laboratory
is nearly finished, from the eight car
loads of ore, the chemist has obtained
a minute quantity of powder that
looks about like ashes. But to hold a
tiny pinch of it in one’s hand would
soon burn the tissues and destroy the
bones. To carry a little tube of it in
one’s pocket would cause a severe
sore. To prevent such injuries the
tubes of radium salt are carried in
protecting sheaths of lead. Lead is
opaque to the dangerous rays.
Luminous paint was formerly made
of substances which had to be exposed
to sunlight for a number of hours.
The sunlight acted upon the crystals
in a manner to agitate them and to
make them flouresce. Taken into a
dark room after exposure to the sun-
light, the luminous paint would at
first be bright; but in a few hours it
would lose its brilliancy and this qual-
ity could not be regained without ex-
posure to the ultra-violet light of the
sun or the electric are.
Luminous material containing zinc
sulphide crystals of radium, shines
best when not having been exposed to
sunlight. The longer it is protected
from the light, the brighter it is in
the dark. But the zinc sulphide crys-
tals are not strong enough to live
nearly so long as the radium. After
about five years the crystals have
broken down under the strain of the
bombardment and a new coat of the
paint must be given. A mere pinch
of material made luminous by radium
is enough to make 4,000,000 watch di-
als visible at night.
‘An ounce of this precious metal is
today worth more than $3,000,000. It
would take longer than 1,700 years
for the radium to lose one-half of its
vitality. Then, after another like
period, one-half of the remaining half
would be lost. Thus it is seen that
there is a source of energy which long
outlives the lives of men.
The great problem which scientists
are trying to solve is that of discov-
ering how to break apart other atoms,
to turn them into energy-producing
engines which will do the work of the
world. To make other substances than
radium perform the same work as ra-
dium, would solve all of the world’s
power problems. We would need no
longer to mine coal nor harness the
waterfalls. An atom of radium sends
out perpetually a bombardment of
particles which travel at the rate of
12,000 miles a second! Think of the
power that a ton of radium would be
able to furnish.—Ex.
PENNSYLVANIA WILL AWARD
234 MILES OF ROAD.
Sixty-five road construction pro-
jects, aggregating 234 miles, the larg-
est road-building program ever offer-
ed at one time in Pennsylvania, will
be opened to bidders next month at
the State Highway Department. Bids
will be received on two days, tender
on thirty-five being for April 18 and
for thirty on April 19.
Included in the sections are the two
big stretches in Snyder and Perry
counties, which will close up the state
main highway in the Susquehanna
valley, bids having been rejected on
the first offers last month and a num-
ber of State and county propositions.
Among the projects, according to
counties and feet are: Armstrong,
three, over 60,000 feet; Allegheny,
13,365 feet; Beaver, 2,990 feet; Blair,
two, over 50,000 feet; Cambria, two,
about 55,000 feet; Clearfield, nine, al-
most 100,000 feet; Chester, 21,000
feet; Clarion, 15,335 feet; Crawford,
five, over 120,000 feet; Erie, three,
nearly 20,000 feet; Indiana, 21,000
feet; Jefferson, two, 39,000 feet; Lack-
awanna, two, 34,000 feet; Lawrence,
33,000 feet; Mercer, nine, over 100,000
feet; Monroe, 18,000 feet; McKean,
7,800 feet; Perry, 33,000 feet; Snyder
and Juniata, 64,000 feet; Susquehan-
na, 18,000 feet; Venango, six, over
100,000 feet, in addition to work with
Mercer and Crawford; Warren, three,
over 41,000 feet; York, seven, over
Gifts Doubly Useful.
«The most useful gift is the hock-
able one,” philosophized “uncle” as he
dusted off the pledges. “For the past
month or more we have been getting
in the presents from the holiday sea-
son, the ones for which there was no
use first. Now, as hard times begin to
pinch, we are getting in more.”
Watches head the list, according to
the pawnbrokers. The little ivory
clock sent to the boy living in the | IN
ballroom of the boarding house is of
use in tiding over tight week ends.
Girls bring in their wrist watches anda
trinkets and explain in detail just
what the circumstances are that force
this last resort. That many new cus-
tomers are being created was evi-
denced by the manner in which they
approached the shops. They enter
cautiously and should there be an-
other customer inside, try to whisper
their wants and are reluctant to show
the article carried.
Costs Money to Run Hotel.
Twenty-two thousand dollars’ worth
is a lot of pants pressing, but that’s
what the annual statement of a lead-
ing Chicago hotel put before the board
of directors, showed as one operating
item. There were soft drinks and oth-
er heverages listed at $30,516.70 ; bar-
per and boots, $16,714.50; laundry,
$19,613.16, and telephone calls $37,
452.96. Those were just the few little
things. The hotel itself took in $3,
157,834.56, and the restaurants $1,115,
33191. The grand total, under the
earnings title amounts up to $2,400.-
491.20. Against the gross income the
balance sheet shows expenses of $2,-
424,634.91, a superficial loss of $24,-
San Franciscans are paying homage
to one of the most remarkable wooden
statues ever received, says Popular
Mechanics Magazine. It is the work
of Hananuma Masakichi, greatest Jap-
anese artist in wood or ivory, who
posed for himself by the ald of ad-
justable mirrors and carved his own
life-sized image from wood. The hair
on the figure 4s the artist's own. He
used the clippings from his head and
heard, boring tiny boles for the hairs
and setting them in place one by one.
The figure is in every particular, even
the most minute, an exaet counter-
part of the artist. The carving re-
quired three years, even to so adroit
and masterly a workman as Masakichi.
Plan to Change Easter.
A conference of astronomers was
called by the Vatican to take place in
Rome in April with a view of reform-
ing the ecclesiastical calendar and fix-
ing the date of Easter, or at least con-
fining its date within narrower limits.
Easter is now regulated by Roman
Catholics and Christians according to
the old Jewish lunar month and the
Gregorian calendar, which allows it to
fall on any “one -of 35 dates.” The
Greek church still holds to the Julian
calendar. A wide demand has accord-
ingly arisen for a more definite date
for the great church festival, either a
fixed date or a much narrower range
of possible dates.—Ex.
Six Hunder Millions for Roads Dur-
ing Last Year.
The bureau of public roads of the
United States Department of Agri-
culture estimates the total expendi-
ture for construction and maintenance
of roads in the country in 1921 to be
The sources of this fund are ap-
proximately as follows: Motor vehi-
cle revenue, 19 per cent.; state road
bonds, 7 per cent.; local road bonds,
33 per cent.; state taxes and appro-
priations, 12 per cent.; federal aid, 14
per cent.; county, township and dis-
trict taxes and assessments, 14 per
cent., and miscellaneous, 1 per cent.
You Must Have It to Keep Your Job,
Your Friends, Your Happiness.
Thousands of thoughtless people
needlessly let themselves run down in
health. The day comes when, with a
terrible shock, they suddenly realize
that they are permanently broken in
health. For your own sake keep well.
If you feel weak or run down or do
not sleep well or are nervous and have
a poor color, don’t wait until it is too
late. Gude’s Pepto-Mangan taken
with your meals for a few weeks will
restore your good health, give you re-
newed strength and vitality for your
daily work. The healthy life is the
only happy life—do not let it slip from
you. For thirty years Gude’s Pepto-
Mangan has been helping people who
were run-down back to good health.
It was made famous by the medical
profession. Sold by druggists in both
liquid and tablet form.—Adv. 67-14
The reconstruction period after the great
war is characterized by what may be call-
ed high pressure days. The demands of
business, the wants of the family, the re-
quirements of society, are more numerous
now than ever before.
The first effect of the praiseworthy ef-
fort to keep up with all these things is
commonly seen in a weakened or debili-
tated condition of the nervous system,
which results in dyspepsia, defective nu-
trition of both body and brain, and, in ex-
treme cases, in complete nervous prostra-
It is clearly seen that what is needed is
what will sustain the system, give vigor
and tone to the nerves, and keep the diges-
tive and assimilative functions healthy and
active. Many persons from their own ex-
perience recommend Hood's Sarsaparilla
for this purpose. It acts on the vital or-
gans, builds up the system, and fits men
and women for these trying times.
In cases where there is biliousness or
constipation, it is well to take Hood’s
Pills. They are a thorough cathartic, a
gentle laxative, 67-14
THE FISH WARDEN’LL GET YOU
IF YOU DON'T WATCH OUT.
Take out your fishing license now
and be on the safe side. Better to be
safe than sorry; and we want no one
to be sorry. The fishing season will
be here before you know it; then you
will have to rush for a license.
All citizens of Pennsylvania, male
or female, over twenty-one years of
age must have a license before fish-
Farmers who own and actually re-
side upon the farm throughout the
year, or the members of his family
so residing upon the farm, may fish
without the license in waters wholly
within the limits of the farm or with-
in the limits of the farm abutting on
Persons temporarily residing upon
the farms, or tenants who are not
members of the family of the owner
of the farm, must have a license be-
Servants or employees of the far-
mer must take out a license before
The license is good only for the
year in which it is issued, and be-
comes void December 31 of each year.
It cannot be loaned, transferred or
The penalty for any violation of the
resident fish law is $25.
The licenses can be secured by per-
sonal application, or by mail, from
the county treasurer. All applications
by mail should give the name, age, oc-
cupation and residence. The cost is
$1, and the county treasurer collects
a fee of ten cents when the license is
secured from him.
The license does not give one per-
mission to fish with any of the special
devices such as spear, outline, eel
racks, nets, etc. You must have a
“special device permit” before using
any of the special devices. They can
be secured from the Department of
28 DENOMINATIONS PRESENTED
AT PENN STATE.
The annual census to determine the
religious preference of students at
The Pennsylvania State College shows
that the Presbyterians lead with a to-
tal of 737 out of the 8200 men and
women enrolled at the time the sur-
vey was made. The Methodists are a
close second with 688, and the Luth-
erans third with 417. The Roman
Catholics stand fourth with 270, and
the Reformed fifth with 232.
The fact that there are twenty-
eight denominations represented in
the Penn State student body empha-
sizes the thoroughly democratic char-
acter of the college as a State educa-
ready mentioned, other churches with
fairly large representations are the
Protestant Episcopal, Baptist, United
Brethren, Evangelical, Society of
Friends, and Disciples. There is one
representative each for the Greek
Catholic, Russian Orthodox, Schwenk-
felder, Unitarian and United Zion
Children. There are 85 Hebrews.
“No preference” was indicated by 177
A ————— A ——————
Short Skirts Should be Retained.
“It is ridiculous that the world
should want to return to pre-war
fashions and ideas in these enlighten-
ed post-war days,” says Professor
Baruch, German, biologist. “The war
did away with many foolish ideas,
among them a narrow conception -of
modesty. Short skirts for women
shocked many benevolent, old-fashion-
ed souls when they first appeared.
Now there is agitation for a return
to the old dust-catching long skirt,
an agitation based on a plea for mod-
esty. But from the biological and hy-
gienic standpoint short skirts have
proved to be infinitely more desirable
than long ones, and they should be re-
A Bit of Advice
First—Don’t Delay. Second—Don’t
If you suffer from backache; head-
aches or dizzy spells; if you rest
poorly and are languid in the morn-
ing; if the kidney secretions are ir-
regular and unnatural in appearance,
do not delay. In such cases the kid-
neys often need help.
Doan’s Kidney Pills are especially
prepared for kidney trouble. They
are recommended by thousands. Can
Bellefonte residents desire more con-
vincing proof of their effectiveness
than the statement of a Bellefonte
citizen who has used them and will-
ingly testifies to their worth ?
Mrs. Fred K. Houser, 10 Potter St.,
says: “I have used Doan’s Kidney
Pills and found them very beneficial,
in fact, Doan’s Kidney Pills cured me
of very serious kidney trouble. I
gladly recommend Doan’s to any one
bothered with weak kidneys.”
Price’ 60c, at all dealers. Don’t
simply ask for a kidney remedy—get
Doan’s Kidney Pills—the same: that
Mrs. Houser had. Foster-Milburn Co.,
Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y. 7-1
Next to those al-
Columbia Dry Bat-
teries work better
and last longer
~—for bells and buzzers
—for gas engines
—for ignition on the
Ford while starting
—for dry battery light-
ing in closet, cellar,
garret, barn, etc.
The world’s most famous
dry Sateery, Lied Phere
group o, vidual ce
2 need of, Ravzosivek
rin, i i
Sorry mo extra charge
Columbia Dry Batteries
are for sale at your very door!
You can insist upon and get Co-
lumbia Dry Batteries wherever you
live. Hardware and general stores,
electricians, implement dealers,
auto supply shops, and garages sell
Universally used for doorbells,buzz-
ers, heat regulators, alarms, etc., for
gas engine and tractor ignition, for
quick starting ignition on non-self-
starting Fords, and for every battery
need under the sun. Insist upon
Will You Help Build
Now that our supremacy as a banking and commercial
nation has been established will you help keep it so?
Capital is needed for the many industries that supply
us with the necessities of life. Such capital can be invested
and at a good return under our plan of supervision.
We have thousands of clients to whom we pay regular-
ly seven per cent. per annum on their investments.
Write us when an interview will suit your convenience.
THE R. L. DOLLINGS COMPANY
142 Walnut St.
EDWARD B. FELTY, Rep.
ELLIS B. ROHRBACK, Dist. Mgr.
Central Trust Building
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= Ladies’ Grey Suede, 1 strap pumps, =
= Baby Louis heels, - - = - $7.00 i
i Ladies Black Satin Pumps, 1 and Ue
Lh 3 straps, a. - me $6.00 LE
2h Ladies’ Black Suede Pumps, I strap $7.00 i:
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Si Ladies’ Patent Leather Oxfords, - $6.00 =]
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oe We have anything you need in Shoes. The quality is guar- Oc
on anteed and the amount you will save, makes it worth your while fc
oil to purchase your Shoes at Uo
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5 Yeager's Shoe Store g
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re THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN fie
2 Bush Arcade Building 58-27 BELLEFONTE, PA. Te
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Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
From now on until Easter we are making spe-
cial mark-down prices on all coats, suits, wraps and
LOT 1—12 Silk Dresses in light and dark
shades,, also black; Chiffon Taffeta and Satin; sizes
from 18 to 44; while they last $14.98.
LOT 2—All Wool Dresses in Serge and Trico-
tine, now $10.00 and $12.00.
LOT 3—All Wool Jersey Jumper Dresses, sale
Ladies and Misses all wool Coats and Suits
Tweed and Tricotine Suits from $15.00 up.
Just received a large assortment of Gingham
Dresses in stripes and checks, from $3.00 up. See
our new bungalow apron dresses.
WAISTS AND BLOUSES.
Our new spring line is here for your inspection.
Everything in silks, pongee, batiste and organdy.
Men's fine dress shoes from $3.50 to $7.50.
Men’s working shoes from $2.50 to $5.00.
Ladies’ Oxfords, tan and black, $3.50 to $5.00.
Ladies’ high shoes, tan and black, $3.00 to $6.00.
A complete line of children’s and infant’s shoes
at all prices.
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Now is your time to buy Rugs. We have a full
line in all sizes and colors.
New Axminster Rugs, sizes 9x12, at $35.00.
New Mottled Rugs, 27x54, at $3.50.
New Axminster Rugs, 36x72, $5.00.
Tapestry, cretonnes and draperies at marked