Newspaper Page Text
“Bellefonte, Pa., September 24, 1920.
LESSONS IN CITIZENSHIP.
The State Legislature and Executive.
, LESSON V.
Does ous State Government at all
resemble the Federal Government?
Answer: The State Government of
Pennsylvania is patterned after our
National Government. We have two
branches of the legislative body; the
Senate and the House of Representa-
© What is the name of the State Leg-
islative body ?
Answer: It is the General Assem-
bly and meets every odd number year
at. Harrisburg, beginning on the first
Tuesday in January.
In what other way does it resemble
the United States Congress, besides
having the two Houses?
Answer: A majority of both
Houses must agree upon a bill and
the same must then be signed by the
Governor to become a law; again
should the Governor veto a bill it can
be passed over his veto by two-thirds
vote of each House, in the same man-
ner as Congress may pass a bill over
the President’s veto.
Can any bill passed by the General
Assembly be annulled ?
Answer: Yes, the Supreme Court
of Pennsylvania or the Supreme Court
of the United States can annul any
law passed by the Assembly if the
Court decides that such a law is con-
trary either to the Pennsylvania State
or the Federal Constitution.
How many members are there in
the Pennsylvania Senate ?
Answer: There are fifty, one chos-
en from each Senatorial District to
serve four years.
How are these Senatorial Districts
Answer: The sixty-seven counties
are grouped according to population
into these fifty districts. The whole
population of the State is divided by
fifty and each county having one or
Hove such ratio is entitled to a Sena-
What are the qualifications for a
Answer: He must be twenty-five
years of age, a citizen of the United
States and a resident of the district
which he is chosen to represent.
, How are the members of the House
of Representatives in the General As-
sembly apportioned ?
Answer: The members of the
House of Representatives are appor-
tioned among sixty-seven counties,
according to the population, it being
provided, however, that every county
may elect at least one representative.
How is the ratio which is used as a
basis of choosing these representa-
tives obtained ?
Answer: The entire population of
the State, which is taken from ihe
most recent census is divided by two
hundred, and every county unless it
contains more than five ratios, is en-
titled to one representative for each
full ratio and an additional represéi::
tative, if the surplus is more than half
of a ratio.
Do the cities elect their representd-
tives irrespective of the
which they are located?
Answer: Yes, every city contain-
ing a population equal to a ratio is en-
titled to elect separately its propor-
tion of the representatives allotted to
the county in which it is located.
; What are the qualifications for a
State Representative in Pennsylva-
Answer: A Representative must
be at least twenty-one years of age, a
citizen of the United States, and a
resident of the district in which he is
For how long are the Representa-
Answer: Two years, but they are
eligible to re-election.
When was the present Constitution
of Pennsylvania adopted?
Answer: In 1794. A Commission
has recently been appointed to draft a
new constitution, but it cannot go in-
to effect for some time as it will have
to be passed upon by two succeeding
Legislatures, and be ratified by a ma-
jority of the voters.
Who chooses the officers
State Senate and House?
_ Answer: The Lieutenant Governor
is the president of the State Senate
while the other officers are elected by
that body. The Speaker of the Hous=z
and all other officers are elected by it.
Do the members of the Senate and
the House of Representatives enjoy
Answer: Yes. They are immune
from arrest during the session of the
Assembly and on their journey to or
from, nor can they be questioned any
other place for any speech or debate
in either House.
Is the method of passing a bill the
same in the General Assembly as in
Answer: The method is exactly the
same. We have studied about the
State Courts which represent the ju-
dicial power of the State and the Gen-
eral Assembly which is the Legisla-
dive Branch of the State Government.
What other Department is there?
Answer: The Executive Branch,
which is vested in the Governor of the
How is he chosen and how long
does he serve?
Answer: The Gevernor is elected
by the qualified electors of the State
for a term of four years, and he is
not eligible to re-election. His salary
is $10,000.00 annually.
Where does he reside and what ara
Answer: The Governor resides in
the executive mansion at Harrisburg.
His chief duty is to see that the laws
of the State are faithfully executed.
He is commander in chief of the mili-
tary forces of the State, and he ap-
points the Secretary of the Common-
wealth, the Attorney General, and the
Superintendent of Public Instruction
as well as other officers, which the
Legislature may direct from time to
Has the Governor the sole power to
make these appointments ?
Answer: No, the Senate must con-
cur in these appointments as the Unit-
ed States Senate must confirm ap- |
pointments made by the President.
‘by the State.
-fairg + throughout the+ State,
lars are expended every year by the
| What are the duties of the Lieuten- :
Answer: In case of death or disa-
bility the Lieutenant Governor would
assume the Governor's chair. He 13
president of the State Senate and a
member of the State Board of Par-
dons. His salary is $5,000.00. “wl
What executive officers are chosen
by the electors besides the Governor
and Lieutenant Governor? :
Answer: The State Treasurer,
Auditor General and the Secretary of
What are the duties of the Secre-
tary of the Commonwealth ?
“ Answer:. The Secretary of the
Commonwealth records all official acts
of the Governor and countersigns all
documents and Commissions issued by
the Executive Department. He is the
keeper of the great seal of the State
and he files all laws passed by the
Legislature. He also has charge of
all State papers and journals as well
as all historical documents, statuary,
paintings and relics that are owned
His salary is $8,000.00.
What are the duties of the State
Answer: The State Treasurer has
charge of all the money paid into the
State Treasury. He receives funds,
places them where they will be safe
and pays them out upon the order of
the Auditor General, who verifies all
monthly statements of the Treasurer
and serves upon all State financial
boards. He is required to furnish a
bond to the amount of $500,000.00.
He serves four years and receives a
salary of $8,000.00. He is elected by
the voters of the State.
What are the duties of the Attorney
Answer: The Attorney General
represents the State in all legal mat-
ters, advises the Governor and other |
executive officers as well as the legis-
lature, and conducts all State litiga-
tion. He also advises and serves up-
on iruportant State Boards. He is ap-
pointed by the Governor. His salary :
What are the duties of the Auditor |
General ? i
Answer: The Auditor General
manages the financial business of the
State. He prepares plans for the in-
crease and management of the State |
revenue. It is his duty to enforec
prompt collection of taxes. He keeps
an account of all money received and
all paid out of the State Treasury, and
no money can be expended except up-
on his order.
What are the duties of the Secre-
tary of Internal Affairs?
Answer: The Secretary of Internal
Affairs supervises the operations of
railroads and of all industrial corpoi-
ations in the State. He looks after
the relations between Capitol and La-
bor, the Land Office, and the Stand-
ards of Weights and Measures. He
serves on various State Boards. ;
How does he obtain his position an:l
what compensation does he receive ?
Answer: He is elected by the pec- |
ple for four years and receives $12,- |
000.00 annually. :
What ave the duties of the Superin-
tendent of Public Instruction? !
Answer: The . Superintendent of
Public Instruction has charge of the |
.publicischool system of the Common- |
wealth. He reports to the Governor |
upon the condition of educational af-
teachers’ institutes and other educa-
tional meetings, delivers lectures up-
on educational subjects, inspects the
schools and suggests methods of
teaching and courses of instruction t=
promote the cause of education. He
supervises the State Normal schools
and issues the certificates to teachers.
He is the head of the State Board of
Education, which provides for the dic-
tribution of the State School Fund
which supplements local taxation in
the maintenance of all our public
schools in the State.
What other State officers are there ?
Answer: There are a number of
Administrative Boards and Commis-
sions serving by appointment of the
Governor and under his control.
Name some of the Boards and Com-
Answer: Public Service Commis- |
sion, Commission of Agriculture, |
‘Workmen’s Compensation Board, In-
dustrial Board, Board of Public Char- |
ities, Board of Game Commissioners, |
Board of Censors of Moving Pictures, |
Stats Highway Department, also De- |
partments of Insurance, Banking,
Mines and State Police. In all there |
are sixty Administrative Bureaus and |
Departments with over eight thousand |
subordinate officials. |
Can you state the amount of money |
expended annually in carrying on the
business of our Commonwealth ?
Answer: Over fifty million of dol-
State Government of Pennsylvania.
are Are eet
Wrong Use of the Flag.
Do you know it is unlawful—
To carry a flag with the field dow,
allowing the flag to touch the ground;
to attach any advertising matter to a
flag, or to the same staff to which the
flag is attached?
To print a picture of the flag on a
napkin or on a container for selling
merchandise or for the containing of
anything of any description?
To drape the body of a person with |
a flag? This includes the Goddess of
Liberty figures in Independence day
parades as ell as the burlesque girl
who comes out for the finale dressed
in pieces of cloth made in representa-
tion of the flag.
To leave the flag flying after sun-
down? (In the case of public build-
What Makes Fog.
London is its fogs.
Because, for one reason, London is
a city. Cities make smoke, and smoke
Doubtless London fogs are much
thicker and more prevalent nowadays
than a century ago. The city is much
bigger, and there is more smoke.
A fog is formed by the condensa-
tion of moisture upon smoke particles
and dust particles suspended in the at-
mosphere. The more smoke and dust,
the greater the liability to the forma-
tion of fog, each particle furnishing
a nucleus for moisture when condi-
tions are right. La y
Thus, as a city gains in population,
fogs become more frequent.
Bellefonte Trust Company
Why You Should Make aWill
To protect your loved ones.
To safeguard your estate.
By making a Will you can appoint the Bellefonte Trust
Company as your Executor or Trustee.
You can thus assure to your heirs the business manage-
ment and financial responsibility which this institution affords.
Your wishes can be observed in the distribution of your
property, for if you do not leave a Will the law may divide up
vour possessions in a way that you might not desire.
How Have You Made Your Will?
Do not write your own Will. ‘Home-made’ Wills are
dangerous and often cause law-suits, because, when drawing a
Will the law must be known, both as to wording and terms.
Consult a lawyer today about the making of your Will and have
him name the Bellefcnte Trust Company to act as your Execu-
tor and Trustee.
J. L. Spangler,
C. T. Gerberich,
N. E. Robb,
Quality. Service. Efficiency.
E.—B. OSBORNE CORN 2nd GRAIN BINDERS
E.—B. OSBORNE MOWERS E.—B MANURE SPREADERS
E.—B. CYLINDER HAY LOADERS
LETZ FEED MILLS CONKLIN WAGONS
E.—B. STANDARD MOWERS—in a class by themselves
MISSOURI GRAIN DRILLS—NEW IDEA MANURE SPREADERS
We are Headquarters for repairs for the E. B. Osborne,
Champion and Moline Machines.
SPECIALS—While they last. Spray Guns, 23, 35 and 50
cents. A-1 Maroon paint for outside use at $2.00 per gallon.
COMBINATION TEDDER and SIDE DELIVERY RAKE
guaranteed to do both well
SHARPLESS CREAM SEPARATOR, the separator with the suc-
tion feed, no discs; top of milk bowl 24 inches from the floor. SHARP-
LESS MILKING MACHINES, the electric moto-milker, the only one
to emulate nature. = :
B.—K., the perfect disinfectant, deodorant and antiseptic. No
dairy farm or home should be without this. NON POISONOUS FLY
SPRAY. Spraying material for every purpose. Dry Lime, Sulphur,
Arsenate of Lead, Bordeaux Mixture, Tuber Tonic destroys Potato
Bugs and prevents Potato Blight.
Dubbs’ Implement and Feed Store
+ BELLEFONTE, Pa
; the old days.
Select yous tires ace
cording to the roads
they have to travel:
_Insandy or hilly coun-
try, wherever the going
is apt to be heavy—The
U. S. Nobby.
For ordinary country
roads—The U. S. Chain
@OYALTORD NOBSY' CMAN VSCO. “onan
= -/ pe
about U. S. Tires.
P. H. McGARVEY,
© around on ‘2 Sunday
HERE isn’tany “country”
any more. The automo-
bile has brought the most
remcte settlement almost as
close 10 the center of things
as the next county waz in
To hear some tire dealers
talk you might think that
nobody knew anything about
tires except the fellow from
That’s not the basis we
or Usco. go on. for the life of the tire,
po wheels—The 2 .
4; i . 3 . 1
en ratte We give every man credit
for knowing what he is
spending his money on,
whether he drives up here
in his small car from ten
"miles out in the country or
is passing through from the
capital in his limousine,
That’s one thing we like
United States Tires
I For Sale by
Look at the
roads for twenty miles
They make no distinction
between the small car
owner and the owner of the
biggest car in the country.
1's all the same to them.
So long as a man owns an
automobile — large or small
—he’s entitled to the very
best tire they can give him.
Quality has always been
the outstanding feature of
U. S. Tires. There's no
limit on the U. S. guarantee.
All U.S. Tires are guaranteed
We have given a lot of
thought to this tire proposi-
tion. There is some advan-
tage in being the represent-
-ativesof the oldestand largest
rubber concern in the world.
Drop in the next time
you're down this way and
let us tell you some interest-
ing facts about tires.