Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., July 16, 1920.
Pennsylvania State Department
1. Name three milk products.
2. What is Pasteurization?
3. Name two diseases which may
be carried by milk.
Old Eph Brown, long haired, lean
and given to argument was holding
forth to an, open-mouthed group of
loungers. “Ye may talk as ye please
about pasteurized milk, ye can’t have
it in winter time fur there’s no paster
fer the cows to eat. An’ I leave it to
Doe. George over there if it ain't so.”
“I am afraid Mr. Brown has misun-
derstood,” smiled the Doctor. “The
word ‘Pasteurize’ has no relation to
grass or meadows, but has reference
to a certain treatment of milk that
was advised by a celebrated scientist,
named Pasteur, who discovered that
if milk were heated to 145 degrees
and kept at that temperature for a
half hour, disease germs it might con-
tain would be rendered harmless,
while the food value of the milk would
not be lessened.”
“Well I'll swan,” said Eph.
The doctor added, “To be of value,
pasteurization should be done soon
after milking. Germs multiply rapidly
and throw off poisons called toxins.
Late pasteurization, while it destroys
the germs, does not destroy the tox-
ins. Such milk is not good for any
person and is particularly unsafe for
Eph interrupted, “Say, Doc, I've
raised children and grandchildren, and
none of em ever had pasteurized milk,
as you call it.”
“Phat shows what strong children
can stand, but it is no argument
against making milk safe.
“Over in Blain township there was
a farmer who kept a few cows and
peddled milk in Averageton, four miles
away. He didn’t groom his cows, he
dicn’t wipe their udders with a damp
cloth before miiking, and he did not
pasteurize his milk. He regarded such
practices as ‘new fangled foolishness.’
“One hot summer day his grandchild
took suddenly sick. When the doctor
came, he sald, ‘bad milk.’ As he pick-
ed up a milk bottle and gave it a sud-
den twirl, numerous specks were seen
moving abeut the bottom.
“Phe grandfather was hard to con-
vince, but when the laboratory report
showed an extraordinary high num-
ber of germs present and when a doz-
en other babies along his route sick-
ened, he believed. He told me the
other day that it almost cost the life
of his grandchild to convince him, but
you should see his place now. Clean
cows, which have been tested for tu-
berculosis; clean stable; clean hands
for milkers; clean buckets and pans,
always cleansed in boiling water or
by steam; a small pasteurization
plant: clean milk bottles and clean
caps. After the milk has been pas-
teurized it is kept at a low tempera-
Dr. George went on his way, but he
had sown seed in fertile ground.
Eph Brown started tmmediately on
a campaign of education—his methods
were neither diplomatic nor elegant,
but he kept at it. Tt wasn’t long un-
til fhe whole community was talking
milk. The Woman's Club, composed
largely of young mothers, called a
meeting and invited an expert to
speak te them.
He told them the food value of milk
was greater in proportion to its cost
than anything they could buy. That
housewives usually measure the food
value by the depth of the cream line
on the bottle. This, he said, was un-
reliable in milk that has been pasteu-
rized, but is of some value in raw or
State laws regulate the amount of
cream or fat in milk and prohibit the
use of adulterants.
“Every town,” he said, “has the
power to pass ordinances requiring
milk men, not only to have a license
to sell their product, but to conform
to the sanitary regulations concerning
the handling of milk, which have been
laid down by the State Department of
“Typhoid fever, diphtheria, scarlet
fever, and other diseases may be
transmitted through milk, which has
been infected either from the hands
of the milkers, from flies, from the
water used in cleansing utensils and
in numerous other ways. The remedy
is intelligent supervision, the enferce-
ment of the milk ordinances, which
tneludes, of course, pasteurization to
destroy the germs.”
He advised the appointment of a
live committee to supervise the milk
situation of the community and to
make sure of the enforcement of the
laws which were made for the protec-
tion of the people.
He spoke of the nutritional value of
milk products such as butter, cheese,
and ice cream, and advised a pint, or
more, of clean, wholesome milk daily,
for each growing child.
Public interest did not cease with
the close of the meeting. The com-
mittee appointed were active and on
the job. The babies of Greensward
ure going to have a chance, and it all
came about because old Eph Brown |
thought cows on pasture gave pasteu- |
JAMES M. COX.
James M. Cox, three times Governor
of Ohio, was nominated by the Dem-
ocratic national convention at San
Francisco as the party’s candidate for
President of the United States, and
Franklin D. Roosevelt, assistant sec-
retary of the navy in the Wilson ad-
ministration, was nominated as the
candidate for Vice President.
Cox’s nomination was made at 1.43
o'clock on Tuesday morning, July 6th,
on the 44th ballot, after one of the
mot gruelling contests that ever char-
acterized a Democratic convention.
McAdoo led in the vote up to and in-
cluding the 38th ballot, Attorney Gen-
eral Palmer being the man credited
with preventing a nomination sooner
by his persistency in staying in the
race in the vain hope of finally win-
ning the nomination. But after the
38th ballot he withdrew and on the
39th ballot Cox forged slightly ahead
of McAdoo. Every succeeding ballot
he showed steady gains until the 44th.
On the final roll call he secured 702
votes and as the roll was not nearly
complete it was evident that he would
be nominated, when one of the dele-
gates made a motion that the regular
order of business be suspended and
Cox’s nomination be made unanimous,
which was done.
The convention then took a recess
until Tuesday noon when Franklin D.
Roosevelt was nominated as the can-
didate for Vice President. A dozen
or more names were favorably men-
tioned in connection with the Vice
Presidency but all were withdrawn,
leaving Roosevelt a clear field and his
nomination was made by acclamation.
THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE
Governor James M. Cox, of Ohio,
Democratic presidential candidate, is
50 years old. He likes dogs, golf,
huning, fishing, and hard work. The
governor is robust, weighs about 165
pounds and is stockily built. He is
a gcod conversationalist and appre-
ciates a clever story.
The nomination of Cox is likely to
bring into the presidential campaign
for the first time in thirty-six years
the personal and family relations of
The fact that Mr. Cox has been
divorced and rewed is likely to be
raised as a moral issue by those who
oppose divorce. This with the “wet”
issue, will cause complications of a
character which are not altogether
Aside from his domestic relations
his career has been typically Ameri-
He is editor and publisher of two
large daily newspapers, a farmer, a
business man, and has the executive
ability of three terms as governor and
the legislative ability of three terms
The last time he was elected gov-
ernor he ran 75,000 votes ahead of the
congressioral ticket, and was the only
Democratic state officer elected.
Governor Cox was not a rail-split-
ter in his youth. He was a printer’s
bey or “devil” on a paper which he
later bought, using his savings and
He was born in Jacksonburg, Butler
county, O., March 31, 1870. His early
days were spent on a farm. His par-
ents were Gilbert and Eliza Cox, His
parental ancestry was English, and
his maternal German.
“Jimmie” Cox first went to the dis-
trict school at Jacksonburg, and later
to the high school at Amanda, Butler
He entered newspaper life as a
newsboy. Later he went from print-
er’s boy to become a county school
teacher, but returned to the “game’
at Middletown, O., as a reporter.
For a time he worked as a reporter
and copy reader on the Cincinnati En-
Mr. Cox’s first taste of politics was
obtained in Washington, when he act-
ed as secretary to Congressman Paul
J. Sorg, from his home district, the
third Ohio. His success in, and liking
for politics thru this connection creat-
ed the desire to become a member of
congress. (Congressman Sorg’s term
expired in 1898, and Cox bought his
first newspaper, the Daily Dayton
News. In 1903 he acquired the
Springfield Press-Republic, establish-
ing later the Springfield News. With
these two properties Cox formed the
News league of Ohio, of which he is
owner and editorial director.
Governor Cox married Mayme L.
| Harding, at Cincinnati, O., May 23,
11893. She is not a relative of Sena-
'tor Harding, Republican nominee.
4 [J ae
Vice President —
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
Cox and Roosevelt Standard Bearers.
After Being in Session Ten Days the Democratic National Conven-
tion, on the 44th Ballot, Nominated Governor James M.
Cox, of Ohio, for President, and Franklin D.
Roosevelt of New York, for Vice
. Later the pair were divorced. Sever-
al years afterward he married Miss
Marguretta Blair. His first wife, in
1914, married Richard H. Lee, then
president of the Cleveland Automobile
Club. Lee led the fight in the Ohio
Legislature on Governor Cox’s auto
Mr. Cox is a member of the Epis-
copal Church. His home is at Trails-
end, Dayton, O.
Mr. Cox became Governor of Ohio
simultaneously with the adoption of
a new constitution, for which he had
worked. The salient points of his
administration, as brought forward by
his friends are five in number.
They point out that in the face of
the increased cost of government
during the war and the loss of rev-
enue from the liquor traffic, he kept
the fiscal aflairs of the state on a
solid footing without increasing
taxes or invoking a single new source
of income. This is ascribed to a new
budget, system adopted in 1913, evolv-
ed because Governor Cox saw the need
of such a fiscal plan when serving on
the appropriations committee in con-
In the crusade against the high
cost of living, he proceeded against
and secured the conviction of cold
storage operators who were holding
food overtime. During the coal fam-
ine of 1917-1918 he worked success-
fully to ameliorate the suffering of
the people of his state.
The strike situation in Ohio was
met competently. Peace and order
were maintained during the steel
strike without infringing the rights
of free speech, without property
damage and without the use of a sin-
To meet the depletion of farm
labor caused by the exodus to the
cities, he arranged for a large pur-
chase of farm tractors thru private
agencies, called a meeting of farm-
ers at the state capital and conduct-
ed a tractor school, under the super-
vision of experts, so that within two
weeks more than 6000 tractors were
put into use in the state.
VICE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE.
Mr. Roosevelt was born in Hyde
Park, New York, January 30, 1882,
the son of James and Sara Delano
Roosevelt. He is a distant relative of
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt on his
father’s side, and of the Astor family
thru his mother.
He attenda=d the Groton School and
was graduated from Harvard in 1904
and the Columbia Law School in 1907,
being admitted to the New York bar
during the same year. He practiced
at first with Carter, Ledyard and Mil-
burn, of New York, and then became
a member of the firm of Marvin,
Hooker and Roosevelt.
Mr. Roosevelt first sprang into poli-
1 of Ohio.
tical prominence in 1910, when he was
chosen by Democrats of the twenty-
eighth New York State senatorial dis-
trict to oppose Senator John F.
Schlosser, of Beacon, a candidate for
re-election. Roosevelt was successful.
He rolled up a majority of 356 in
the Democratic landslide which car-
ried John A. Dix into the governor’s
One of the stories still told by local
politicians of Mr. Roosevelt's first
campaign is that he corralled the
farmer vote by running on a platform
which advocated uniform apple bar-
Mr. Roosevelt was re-elected in 1912
but resigned his seat March 17, 1913,
to accept the appointment as assistant
secretary of the navy. His most not-
ed exploit in the state senate was his
leadership of the insurgents who op-
posed the election of William F. Shee-
han to the United States senate. Af-
ter three months’ deadlock James A.
O'Gorman was elected with Mr.
Since Mr. Roosevelt’s appointment
to the navy department he has spent
most of his time in Washington, re-
turning during the summer months
and on holiday trips to visit his moth-
He has never relinquished the deep
interest in Hyde Park, however, and
is still one of its foremost citizens
and leading parishioner of St. James’
Episcopal Church, which the Roose-
velt family has attended for years.
He is a frequent visitor in Pough-
keepsie, and active in county Demo-
cratic councils. :
Mr. Roosevelt married Anna Elean-
or Roosevelt, niece of the late Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt and daughter of
Elliot Roosevelt, March 17, 1905. They
have five children. Mr. Roosevelt
divides his time when at home’ be-
tween his family, his interest in local
affairs and tennis, for which he dis-
plays his chief sporting enthusiasm.
He is democratic in manner and is
popular throughout the county.
In New York, Mr. Roosevelt is a
member of the City, Harvard, Knick-
erbocker and Racquet and Tennis
clubs, while he is affiliated with army
and navy, metropolitan and university
clubs of Washington. A few weeks
ago the degree of doctor of laws was
conferred upon him by Pennsylvania
Military College, Chester, Pa. ;
The nomination of Governor Cox,
will naturally make Ohio the big
battleground of the presidential cam-
paign and will also carry to that
State the distinction of being the
home of another President, inasmuch
as both of the candidates are residents
Six Presidents have claim-
ed that State as their home, namely,
Grant, Harrison, Hayes, Garfield, Mec-
Kinley and Taft, and either Cox or
Harding, whichever is elected, will be
the seventh son of Ohio to fill the
Colonel House having said nothing
in Texas for the last six months is
now over in Europe, and will repeat
all he has said.
Try Mr. Edison’s
Does the New Edison
make you feel the
presence of the living *
singer? Does it RE-
CREATE the efforts of
famous instrumental- |
ists,—of great bands
The Realism Test en- *
ables you to decter-
mine for yourself.
GHEEN’S MUSIC STORE,
Brockerhoff House Block.
AAAAAAAA SIS IPSS OPIS ISS
Piling Up Happiness
Does each year find you wishing and
hoping for better things in the future
—and regretting lack of accomplish-
ment in the past?
There is one sure way to fill your
horn of plenty to the brim with all the
good things of life. It entails no sac-
rifice now. It merely means the form-
ing of a good habit.
Save! That good old formula for suc-
cess is as true now as when it helped
build the fortunes of our pioneer rail-
road builders, manufacturers and pro-
Applying it on a small scale in your
own way will bring you results in pro-
portion. Open a bank account with us
and we will help you save.
CENTRE COUNTY BANKING CO
60-4 BELLEFONTE, PA.
The Very Best
for ten Dollars
Before you make an error and pay $3 to
$5 more for ladies’ Pumps, Oxfords and
Ties look over our line and see just what we
can give you in value for Ten Dollars.
A RE EAS
Ladies’ Black and Tan Suede Oxfords, the
very best quality - $10.00
Ladies’ Russia Calf Oxfords, Military heels
(Trostells Russia) - - $10.00
Ladies’ Patent Colt and Dull Kid One Eye-
let Ties (Hand Turned) $10.00
Ladies’ Vici Kid Oxfords, High and Low
Heels (Hand Sewed) - $10.00
om | om |] ee (p=
In fact there is nothing in ladies Oxfords
or Pumps that we cannot furnish for
$10.00. This is our highest price shoe, but
it will purchase the very best.
Yeager’s Shoe Store 2
THE SHOE STORE FOR THE POOR MAN
Bush Arcade Building = 58-27 BELLEFONTE. PA.
EEE EE EEE Ee CUE SE ion
Come to the “Watchman” ‘office for High Class Job work.
Lyon & Co. Lyon & Co.
Clearance Sale of All
July sales mean this season’s wear of summer goods
at wholesale price, and some merchandise less than cost.
There are many ways of buying merchandise. You
will find it helpful in comparing prices and buying the
merchandise which appeals to y ou from the standpoint
of prices and quality.
(Clearance Sale of Silks
All colors of 36-inch figured Foulards that sold at
$3.00 per yard, sale price $1.08.
A large assortment of Silk Poplins, 36 inches wide;
regular price $2.00, sale price $1.35.
Clearance sale price on Messalines, Georgettes,
Taffetas, Satins, Pussy Willow Silks in plain colors,
figured, stripes and checks,
Voiles, Flaxons, Ginghams, etc. We are crowded
for space and can not enumerate everything marked
down to sell QUICKLY.
Coats, Suits and Separate Skirts
This department must be the big saving for all
customers. We are getting ready for fall stocks, and
Spring and Summer Suits, Coats and Skirts must go
now Clearance Sale Prices will do the selling quickly.
One lot of Children’s Socks, Black, White and
Blue, 3 pairs for $.55.
One lot of Ladies’ White Shoes, must go quick,
White Voile Waists, all sizes, price $3.00, clear-
ance sale $1.98.
TABLE DAMASK at less than wholesale price
MEN'S SHOES in dress and work styles at Clear-
ance Sale prices. We extend a cordial invitation to
examine our qualities and see our prices.
Lyon & Co. «= Lyon & Co.