Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, December 19, 1919, Image 7

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“the head for a very few minutes.
Demorvaiic atc
Bellefonte, Pa., December 19, 1919.
By Ella G. McMillen.
Hear the joy bells ringin’ bredren,
For de birthday ob de King.
Does ye hear de angels singin’?
Glory! Sisters hear dem sing!
Dat dere King He was a baby,
Borned like odder childers are,
But de Wise Men knew there's somethin’
When dey seed dat shinin’ star.
Den dey started wid dere giftses,
For to see dat baby boy,
Wh) was borned dat day—'Twas Christ-
And dere hearts were full of joy.
Den dey seed dat baby’s Mudder,
By de manger, where she laid
Dat dere little infant stranger,
Wid de halo ‘round His head.
Listen now, dere most fru singin’!
And dey has dere message told;
But mah bredren and mah sisters
Dat air story’s mighty old!
And I tells you mah dear childers
‘Twas de sweetest eber told,
Ob dat baby borned on Christmas,
Who was King ob all de world.
Wooden Money in Use Among Hud-
son Bay Indians.
Who ever heard of wooden money ?
_ The only known currency of this
kind is issued by the Hudson Bay
company and circulates all over the
vast territory controlled by the pow-
erful trading concern.
It is a coinage consisting of pieces
of wood known as “ca-tors,” which are
stamped with a die. These are ac-
cepted everywhere in that territory as
cash, and are exchangeable for all
sorts of supplies and commodities at
the widely scattered stations of the
The area governed by the company
is vast. In one straight line it ex-
tends as far as from London to Mec-
ca; from King’s Post to Pelly Banks
is further than from Paris to Samai-
cand. Over all this region the corpor-
ation exercises a complete dominion,
employing the native Indians, chiefly
Ojibways and Crees, to collect the
furs which furnish its revenue.
Hudson Bay is about two-thirds the
size of the Gulf of Mexico. It is an
almost land-locked sea, with 3,000
miles of coast line.
The unit of value in that part of
the world is a beaver skin. Two mar-
tens are equal to one beaver skin,
and 20 muskrats are equivalent to one
marten. The trapping is done in win-
ter, and in spring the Indians bring
the pelts to the stations, receiving in
payment for them wooden money.
With the latter they buy what sup-
plies they need at the store maintain-
ed by the company at the station.—
The Wonder Book.
How to Save Tires in Winter Storage.
Many motorists will soon put their
cars in the barn for the winter and
think no more of motor riding until
about the Ides of March.
Many automobile tires will go into
storage with thousands of miles of
wear left in them, and car owners
should take the few precautions nec-
essary to keep them from damage
while they are not in use. :
Here are some recommendations
made by the service department of the
United States Tire company to the
motorist who wants to put his tires
away and find them in good shape
next spring:
1. Wash tires carefully on outside
to remove oil and other harmful sub-
2. Remove tires from wheels and
wrap in paper or old carpet.
3. Store in a cool, dry place away
from light. Heat, light and moisture
are enemies of rubber.
4. Cold has no bad effect on tires,
but they should be properly housed.
5. If tires are left on the car, jack
up the car, deflate the tires and wrap
them in covers.
Don’t let car stand on tires all win-
ter. To do so means a weakening of
Sem in the parts that rest on the
Preventing the Growth of Horns.
We have always advocated prevent-
ing the growth of horns on calves by
the use of caustic potash; that is,
where one wishes hornless cattle, or
to prevent the possibility of some-
one’s later dehorning them. Moisten
the spot on the calf’s head where the
beginning of the horn is felt, and then
rub lightly, till red, with the caustic
posash, not breaking the skin. We
ave often done this, and never ob-
served anything like suffering on the
calf’s part except a slight shaking of
shouid ‘be dere before the calf is two
weeks old. The Younger the better.
The following in this connection is
worth knowing: The pain. from the
use of caustic potash yields quickly
to the application of water, a fact by
no means known even by all veteri=
narians. We fancy that generally the
spot is rubbed too hard with the pot-
ash.—Our Dumb Animals.
More Christmas Place-card Ideas.
Another pretty idea for those liv-
ing in a pine region is to attach tiny
pine trees about two inches high, with
Christmas ribbon to a place card. Or
plant them in tiny pots; if pots are
not handy, use corks turned upside
down, punctured to hold the pine
tree, and painted or dyed a bright red.
Placed on top of a plain place-card,
they are really very effective.
The children will love candle place-
cards. Take a marshmallow, make a
hole in it, and set a tiny candle in the
hole. Light the candles just before
the company enters. — Katherine
The ‘Aviator and the Horse.
We thoroughly agree with the par-
agraph below, which appeared in a
local paper. That if they killed as
many horses in an endurance contest
as they have men in the cross-country
flying trip, the Society for the Pre-
vention of Cruelty to Animals would
have been heard from long ago.
—The man who makes a genuinely
good garden does not begin in the
spring. He begins in the fall. But
the spring is a long way off, you say?
The bean poles are beginning to rot
already, and it is time right now to
' take out insurance by putting them
' away properly. And that is only one
jof a considerable number of simple
{ things of equal importance that
i should be done in the garden—now.
| Because you have harvested all the
| garden crops do not fall into the ser-
ious error of thinking that you do not
| need to give any further attention to
| the garden till spring.
One of the most important things is
{to clean up. You wouldnt excuse a
| slovenly kept house. Well, slovenli-
| ness in the garden is hardly more to
| be tolerated. Good housekeeping in
| the garden is a matter of importance,
not merely because a slovenly garden
in winter is the most desolate-looking
thing in man’s perversion of nature,
but because the success of next year’s
| vegetables depends on it, largely.
Most of the diseases and insect
pests that affect garden crops live
over winter in the remains of the past
season’s crops. Such materials as
cabbage stalks, bean vines, tomato
vines—in fact, trash of any sort in the
garden—should be collected and haul-
ed to a dump, or burned. As a rule,
it is not wise to place such material
in the compost pile, as it tends to
spread plant diseases.
Then, having the ground clean,
there is another thing of equal impor-
tance. It should not be allowed to lie
bare over winter. Groudn exposed to
beating rains will puddle and wash
and great loss of plant food is sure to
result. A very good plan is to sow the
garden in some green crop, such as
rye or winter barley. That protects
the ground and adds organic matter
to the soil. But there is, according to
garden specialists of the United
States Department of Agriculture, a
still better plan and one that can be
put in practice after the season for
sowing rye or barley is long past.
That better plan is to plow or spade
the garden in the fall or as early in
the winter as possible and give it a
heavy coating of coarse manure.
Leave the ground in the rough, as
this will prevent the loss of the valu-
able ingredients in the manure.
Now, what have you gained by that
plan? Well, in addition to fertilizing
the ground and putting it in better
physical condition, this: The garden
can be planted earlier in the spring
than if it had been left bare or plant-
ed to a green crop. And that amounts
to a great deal. It amounts, fre-
quently, to having a number of nice
vegetables on your table two or three
weeks ahead of your neighbor who
did not break his garden until spring.
Such crops as smooth peas, beets, let-
tuce and onion sets can be planted as
early in the spring as the ground can
be worked. If plowing or spading the
ground has been deferred till spring,
a delay of as much as three weeks is
likely to occur after these crops
should have been planted—which
means, reducing it to money measure,
that you will go on buying vegetables
for at least that long after you might
have been bringing them in nice and
fresh from your own garden if you
had done a little work in the fall or
early winter.
And, at the time you clean up the
garden, burn the trash and spade or
plow the ground, do not forget to put
your tomato stakes and bean poles
away in some protected place where
they will be ready for next year’s use.
Damage from heating may be
greatly lessened and sometimes en-
tirely obviated by storing the bales on
edge, allowing an inch or two of air
space between them. When bales are
piled flatwise the air is excluded and
heating is likely to occur, whereas
leaving an air space tends to prevent
heating by inducing circulation which
cools the hay. The first layer of bales
placed in a barn should be placed on
edge, and the second and every alter-
nate layer should be placed on edge
and crosswise. This crosswise method
or “cording” prevents any of the air
spaces in the tier from being entirely
covered and insures ventilation
throagh the entire pile. The heated
air works up around the edges of the
bales and the cooler. air enters from
the sides and bottom.
When bales that have been laid flat
on their sides begin to heat it be-
comes necessary to move the bales
and pile them in the manner just de-
scribed. If there are any indications
of heating when the hay is put into
the barn, or if the hay grower has any
doubt about the hay keeping, it is
best to pile the bales .crosswise on
edge, rather than take any risk, even
though this method of storing wastes
more or less storage space. Cases are
on record in which hay growers, usu-
ally beginners, have baled hay from
the windrow and cock, and because it
spoiled in the mow, have become con-
need that baling from the field was
not a success, not realizing that the
fault lay in the manner in which the
‘hay was stored.
—Hay Cured Before Baling Will
Keep Indefinitely.—Baled hay that
has been thoroughly cured in the barn
or stack before baling can be stored
indefinitely without danger of heat-
ing, say specialists of the U. S. De-
partment of Agriculture. It may be
piled so that the bales fit very closely
together. Hay baled from the wind-
row and cock, however, unless very
well cured, is likely to heat more or
less in storage. Sometimes the heat-
ing becomes so intense that the hay
becomes severely damaged or even
—Cutting out blight cankers on
pear trees is rather slow work . and
leaves a large wound which takes
years to heal. The U. S. Department
of Agriculture recommends the use of
canker and adjacent bark. This is
speedier than cutting, and, if the
growing layer is not injured, healing
will take place quickly.
The removal of the outer bark al-
lows the tissues to dry eut emough to
kill the bacteria. This work should
be done a short time before growth
starts in the spring.
a blacksmith’s rasp in removing the |.
purchased by John Rossman.
. Mrs. John Wehrley, of Altoona, vis-
ited Mrs. Mary Shoop last week.
Mrs. C. M. Bower, of Bellefonte, is
a guest of her brother, David Meyer.
Mrs. O. F. Funk left on Monday for
a visit of several weeks with friends
in Pittsburgh.
John Musser, of Wilkes-Barre, vis-
ited with his sister, Mrs. Elizabeth
Jacobs, last week.
’Squire Cyrus Brungart is able to
be out again, after being housed up
for several days with a bad cold.
Mrs. Beulah Boone, after a visit of
several weeks with her father, B. D.
Brisbin, left for her home in Connec-
ticut last Thursday.
The W. C. T. U. held a bazaar and
Holland supper (sauer kraut and
baked beans) on Saturday evening
and cleared over one hundred dollars.
Mrs. George Goodhart will go to
Bellefonte this week, where she will
be for the winter with her daughter,
Mrs. D. Wagner Geiss and the family.
Mrs. William B. Mingle went to
Philadelphia last week where she will
spend the winter with her children,
oe Emory Hoy and W. Gross Min-
Abner Axelander expects to spend
Christmas with his wife and daugh-
ter Margaret in Chicago, where they
went last week for a short visit with
Mrs. Victor Jones and small child
are spending a few days with Rev. R.
R. Jones and family, being on their
way to Altoona, where Mrs. Jones’
husband has accepted a charge.
Her Changeable mind.
don’t you accept him?
whether I would like him when I got
him home.
The Cook Hubler home has been |
Maude—If he has proposed, why
Mabel—I can’t make up my wind!
Smallest Republic in the World. :
The smallest republic in the world,
so far as area is concerned, is St.
Goust, situated in an almost inacces-
sible part of the Basses-Pyrenees. St.
Goust is hardly a square mile in area,
with a population of practically 130
persons, who rule themselves. The
president is elected by a council of
twelve, chosen for five years by the
people, and he is likewise judge, as-
sessor and tax collector. This little
republic has been ruled, it is said, for
more than 2,000 years through a
council of elders. The smallest self-
governed State in the world in regard
to population is Tavolara, an island
but little known off the north coast of
Sardinia. It is about five miles long,
with an average width of half a mile,
yet it is a free and independent re-
public of about seventy inhabitants,
who are their own rulers.
Pertinent Question.
“When I bought this house it wasn’t
fit for a dog to live in, and fixing it
up cost me $2,000.”
“Wouldn’t it have been cheaper to
have lost the dog?”
Not At All Pleased.
He—So you went to see Hamlet.
Do you think he was mad?
She—I'm afraid so; it was an aw-
fully poor house. .
—If you want to be sick—want
to devitalize and destroy your body—
then fear and worry about things.
ms ——————
‘nibnog shiva) ean nof PUL YJ
pus ‘sawed £3173 I0A0 I0F ©Sn UY
*10y03e[ I H SBD JO 0anjeus|s oy) siveg
Mrs. M. C.
announces the
Opening of the Art Shop
in the Shoemaker Apartment, on Spring Street
Useful Christmas Gifts
are most appreciated and here you might
find the very thing for that friend of yours
All kinds of Embroidered Articles and Stamped Pieces
- Camisoles Pajamas Corset Covers
Negligees Children’s Dresses
Centre Pieces Scarfs Pillow Tops
Crochet Cottons and Silks for all kinds of Embroidery
Shoe Store
Good News
Good News.....Good News
$6.75 $6.75 $6.75
December 15th, just received 48 pairs Men’s
Russia Calf English Shoes, Goodyear Welt, Rock
Oak Soles, Wing Foot Rubber Heels.
This lot of
Shoes arrived over six months late—in fact so late
that they had slipped our memory. Labor condi-
tions caused the delay. These shoes are worth
$9.25 at the wholesale price today, and we should
get $12.00 a pair for them. But, as we purchased Lg
the shoes at a lower price, will give you the advan-
From now until Christmas
you can purchase a
pair of these shoes for $6.75
—Iless than the price of the very cheapest shoddy
shoe on the market today.
Yeager’s Shoe Store
Bush Arcade Building BELLEFONTE, PA. iE
Come to the “Watchman” office for High Class Job work.
The Dainty Gift of an
Bon Bons
made of the purest things from which candy should be
made, enriched with luscious fruits and tempting nuts
Special Attention to Mail Orders
THE MOTT DRUG CO., Bellefonte, Pa.
Appreciative F riend
women to operate,
as well as economical.
order is solicited because the big Ford
Factory is a good ways from normal
production, and with us it is first
come, first supplied.
The Ford Sedan is a splendid car for
the farmer, because it is good and
comfortable every day in the year.
has all the utility of the touring car
with the niceties of the high class car.
The wife and children enjoy the re-
finements and comforts. It is easy for
Sedan $875 ; Coupe $750 ; Runabout $575
Touring Car $600; Truck Chassis $550
These prices f. 0. b. Detroit.
Trucks Tractors
is always reliable,
Your early
re yr _ il. tO
; Lyon & Co. Lyon & Co. :
| Do Christmas Shopping Here :
We are prepared to make your Christ--
mas shopping easy. Whether it is for
father, mother, sister, brother or sweet-
heart, bring your lists here and we will
help you out. We are showing many
useful and elegant gifts at very reasona-
ble prices.
Furs and Coats |
at special Holiday reductions. Now is
the time to buy a handsome coat at a
greatly reduced price. All sizes and
colors, including black.
We never had as handsome an assort-
ment in Furs in large and small neck-pieces,
Fur sets with the new shaped Muffs, separate
Muffs, Cape Coats, Fur Stoles—black, grey,
taupe, and brown—at prices that will make
easy buying. B
Silk Hose
A large assortment of Silk Hose, all
colors, for men, women and children.
Lyon & Co. ws Lyon & Co. |