Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., Sept. II, 1896.
—To destroy mould in cellars and pre-
vent its formation apply whitewash and, if
possible, put it on hot, taking care to get
it in every crevice, as a single spot missed
will serve for the fungi to get a place and
to spread and injure what the cellar holds.
If this fails to cure, then resort to sul-
phur. Stop all openings and crevices. Put
four bricks on end in a tub, or similar ves-
sel, and pour in water to cover them. Put
on these bricks an iron pot containing live
coals and on this throw two inches of brim-
Do not breathe the fumes, but get out,
closing the door as quickly and tightly as
possible. Leave the place closed for 24
hours, then air thoroughly. If the floor is
of stone or earth or fire proof material, the
pot may be stood on it and the water near
by, but the sulphurous- flames are exceed-
ingly hot, and the water is necessary to
develop the acid that is to do the work.
Care must be taken that the fumes do
not get into the living portion of the house,
and all silver or plated ware must be kept
from their influence. Nothing is better
for ridding a house of vermin than this
same sulphurous fumigation ; but, as in-
dicated above, the time for it is when the
family is going visiting for a day or two,
and in such case they had best take the
silver and plated ware along.
—1It is of advantage to seed the land in
the fall, even if the crops are not intended
for market, asany winter crop that is turn-
ed under as green manure in the spring is
somuch gain in fertility. A crop of crim-
son clover can besecured ready as a manure
for corn, and rye has been found excellent
when plowed under for potatoes. Such
green crops are said to ‘‘sour’” the land,
but this can be avoided by using twenty
bushels of air-slaked lime per acre, the
lime and green material being of more
benefit to the land than either alone.
Whether fall seeding covers the land or
provides a cfop in the spring, the farmer
gains by so using his land, but the largest
profit is secured by adding green crops and
lime to the soil, the benefit therefrom being
permanent. It must be kept in view,
however, that it does not pay to leave the
land naked, and that any crop that can be
seeded in the fall and utilized4n the spring
is making the land pay in winter.
_—The corn harvester will be used more
extensively this season than last, as it has
been introduced but a few years. It cuts
down the corn and bundles it. The fodder
shredder, now coming into general use,
husks the corn and cuts the whole stalk
into shreds, thus permitting of baling the
fodder after it is shredded, though baled
fodder will heat if not soon used. The
shredder not only prepares the fodder for
the use of stock, but permits of using un-
eaten portionsas bedding. Hereafter there
will be no whole cornstalks to be trampled
in the manure heap, where farmers shred
their corn fodder.
—The farm does not pay some years, but
it gives a large profit at other times. . The
same applies to any other business. The
farmer who owns his farm has no house
rent to pay, and can provide his table with
all the food required. If he abandons the
farm and attempts business in the city he
will find that there is no security and busi-
ness so good as that of farming, and there
are more risks and failures among all
classes in the cities than among the farm-
—Peach trees seem to thrive best on a
gravelly soil, and if a good crop is secured
once in two years the trees will pay if
prices are ordinarily fair. Land that is in
sod should be cultivated with corn the
year before being used for peaches in order
to reduce the sod. Trees that are forced
too rapidly seem to succumb sooner than
those of slower growth, and trees from
seed are hardier than those that are budded.
—To keep apples and other fruit store
the barrels iu a cool place. Heat destroys
more apples than does cold, and alternate
freezing and thawing is also disastrous.
The location for the storage of apples is
therefore more important than anything
else. No apples that have fallen off the
tree should go in the barrels. Pick only
sound and perfect apples, and do not allow
even one to be bruised, as an imperfect ap-
ple may injure all in the barrel.
—Land that has been in potatoes this
year is excellent for wheat, as the cultiva-
tion given the potato crop cleans the land
of weeds. Wheat does not pay eastern
farmers, but it comes in well as one of the
crops in rotation, and when the wheat land
is seeded to clover in the spring the gain
to the farmer will be in the hay and in-
creased fertility to the soil by the use of
—The farmer is overstocked whenever
his animals are inferior and fail to give a
profit on the labor and food. The better
the animals the lower the cost of the larbor
in caring for them, as it requires as much
care for an inferior animal as for a good
one. Itis by using labor to the bestad-
vantage that the farm pays.
—Apples can be put to many uses. There
is but little home-made jelly and other
delicacies on the market, and the vinegar
- used by the majority of consumers is not
made from crider. The proportion of ap-
ples that decay on the ground represents a
large sum to the farmers of the whole
—Mow the weeds if it is too late to turn
them under, as they are now about to ripen
their seed. The green weeds are worth
something in the barnyard, where they
will be trampled into manure, but if allow-
ed to ripen their seeds they deprive the
land of fertility and become hard and
—Raise the bottom" of potato bins from
the floor, as any moisture rising in the
earth will injure the lower layer of pota-
toes. Allow a free circulation of air over,
under and around the potatoes, which
should be in a cool place.
—Blackberries and raspberries should be
cleaned out and grass removed before frost
in order to destroy harboring places of in-
sects. Later on the old wood should be
cut out and the refuse burned as a protec-
tion against the borer.
—The cow pea is said to make excellent
ensilage. If cut up at the same time as
-.ensilage corn, both crops being green, the
food becomes more nitrogenous by the use
of fhe cow pea, and should give better re-
—=Sheep should never be allowed to drink
stagnant or impure water. Throat worms,
liver flukes, and other beasts of that kith
and kin are often introduced by the bad
They Offer no Relief.
The people are beginning to notice the
fact that the Republicans are offering them-
no financial relief whatever from present
conditions but are simply attacking the
method of relief which the Democrats offer.
They are not doing this through any mis-
take but deliberately. As a matter of fact
the men who now have the Republican
party in their grip, Hanna and his syndi-
cate, the trusts and monopolies and Wall
street, do not want conditions to be chang-
ed. They are thriving under present con-
ditions. Falling prices mean money in
their pockets. And though the national
platform declares for free silver by inter-
national agreement, Hanna and his friends
are really for a single gold standard, and
that is all the people will ever see if Hanna
Everybody knows that when prices are
falling there isa depression and we have
hard times. Capital is timid and instead
of being in protective industries and enter-
prises is hoarded or loaned out at a fixed
rate of interest. As prices fall money be-
comes more valuable because it will pur-
chase more, and so a man who has money
grows richer by simply doing nothing with
it. But the poor farmer, whose land falls
in value with the value of his crops, is
growing poorer all the time, and the wage-
earner whose wages and the regularity of
whose work depends very largely on wheth-
er or not a farmer is prosperous also suffers.
The next time you meet a Republican
ask him if he endorses his national plat-
form. If he says ‘‘yes,”” ask him why he
isnot talking in favor of free silver. If
he says he is in favor of a single gold stand-
ard ask him what relief he has to offer to
the farmer and the wage-earner. Then tell
him that every man has a duty which is
higher than mere party ties, and tell him
that he owes it to himself and his family
and his fellow citizens to at least investi-
gate this question of free coinage con-
scientiously and without prejudice.—York
ELDERBERRY SYRUP—Put the berries
in a large jug, with a paper tied tightly
over it, and set this jug in a pan of water ;
bring this to the boil, and keep it boiling.
As the juice rises from the berries pour it
off, strain it, and to every pint of juice
allow one pound of (cane) loaf sugar; let
this boil gently over a slow fire till of the
consistency of treacle, then bottle and cork
it down. Some people add to this a little
cinnamon as a flavoring, I cannot say I
have ever tried it, but this comes from an
old and ever tried receipt book. When
mixed with water for a drink, a little lem-
on juice should be added. ’
——Referring to Senator Thurston’s re-
traction of the charges that Mr. Bryan was
under the pay of the silver mine owners in
his advocacy of free silver, the Johnstown
Tribune, Republican, gives that gentleman
a well-deserved thrust in the ribs for his
reckless remarks. The Tribune says :
‘‘As an attorney and U. S. Senator,
Thurston ought to be more careful in his
statements or in giving credence to other
people’s statements, who make them from
an interested standpoint. His influence in
this campaign has been greatly lessened by
his injudicious talk.”
——A writer in the Medical Record rec-
comends peanuts not only as a nutritive
food for consumptives but as an actual cure
in certain stages of that disease, and claims
to have brought around many patients by
administering generous rations of this pal-
ateable, but somewhat despised nut. We
are glad to hear of this not only for the
sake of the consumptives, who'll no longer
‘be compelled to take all sorts of mix-
tures under the name of codliver oil,
but on account of humanity generally,
which does not sufficiently appreciate the
peanut because it is cheap. :
——The Pittsburg Chronicle Telegrahs
notes that of the long list of philanthropist
who have given $1,000,000 or more to the
cause of higher education in this country,
only one isa college graduate. The sin-
gle exception is Seth Low. Girard, Pea-
body, Cornell, Cooper, Rockefeller, Rich,
Parker, Hopkins, Clark, Drexel, Vander-
bilt, De Pauw, Lick, Stanford and the
others had not the advantage of college ed-
ucation, but they appreciated the value of
such a training enough to assist other men
to obtain it.
——The Republicans are very shy about
sending out Bourke Cockran’s Madison
Garden speech, and it is being polished up
and altered. The Democratic national
committee will circulate it in the south
and west in its original form. The Repub-
licans do not like the allusiofi§ to ‘‘farmers
who work with their jaws’ and ‘‘unre-
stricted slave drivers and repudiationists of
the south,’’ that Cockran —used in describ-
ing some elements of the Democratic party.
——They are providing proper ventil-
ation for the meeting room of the United
States Senate and in this they do well, but
they should go farther and take away the
bar-room from which the Senators get more
poison than they do from any amount of
foul air. Lack of fresh air will not account
for all the crookedness of the senate. Pure
air is an aid to clear thinking but sobriety
is a greater. : :
-——It has been found that electricity,
ozone, or thunder has absolutely no direct
effect on mik, contrary to the popular be-
lief. The fact seems to be that the warm,
sultry conditions usually preceding thun-
der-storms cause a greatly increased rate of
growth among the bacteria whose multi-
plication is the cause of souring— Public
——In passing along the street, if you
care to observe, you will notice that the
man digging very slowly and stopping oc-
casionally to rest, is digging flower beds
for his wife, but if he plies the spade with
vim, displaying wonderful muscular abil-
ity, you may be sure that he is gathering
worms for bait, preparatory for a fishing
——There has arrived at Yakima, Wash.,
a combination harvester and thresher of
immense size. to be used in harvesting an
immense crop of wheat. The machine will
cut a twenty-foot swath, threshing and
sacking the grain as it goes, and will re-
quire thirty horses to pull it.
——1I4t is learned from McKinley sources
that a careful canvass of the state of Iowa
just recently completed, shows sixty per
cent of all the heretofore republican far-
mers for Bryan and Sewall and “free silver.
——*‘Don’t he worried, madam. Your
little one has nothing the matter with
him. All he needs is pure air.”
‘‘But, doctor, isn’t there anything better
for rich people ?”’
Care of Hemlock Forests.
It has often been remarked by experi-
enced woodmen that hemlock trees, mixed
with a pine growth, die when the pine is
cut off and the hemlock allowed to stand.
This is accounted for partly by the sudden
exposure of trees which have stood years
in the shade under the protection of the
taller growth of pine, and partly by the
drying out of the roots. The hemlock has
shallow root system, and suffers severely
when the soil is dried by exposure to the
sun and wind. The same facts explain
part of the injury which could be avoided
under forest management. It has been
supposed that there is a kind of affinity
between pine and hemlock by which one
needs the companionship of the other in
order to attain a full growth and maturity ;
but the explanation here given seems to
do away with that idea asa pleasant fic-
tion. It seems that hemlock, in the in-
stances referred to, needs the protection of
other dense forest growth in order to con-
serve the moisture of the roots.
Thousands Dead in Japan’s Quakes.
All the reports from the northwest pro-
vinces of Yokohama, Japan, would seem to
show that thousands of persons have been
killed and many more injured, while the
damége to property is incalcuable.
On the same day of the earthquake in
the north of Japan the southern coasts of
the country were swept by a typhoon,
which destroyed a vast amount of property
and caused the loss of many lives.
The territory visited by the earthquakes
was similarly ravaged last June, when
many towns were destroyed by an earth-
quake and an accompanying tidal wave,
which caused an estimated loss of $35,000.
Mercy! How they Grow.
A Michigan mill makes 7,000,000 tooth-
There are now in Paris over 1,000 Amer-
ican women art students.
The new Scranton, Pa., directory gives
the city a population of 106,008.
The last official account of the popula-
tion of China gives a total of upward of
It is stated that the progeny of a single
pair of house sparrows, if not molested for
ten years, would be more than 200,000,-
——The great mania that has now taken
possession of the people may be denom-
inated as the button craze. It has swept
over this section in an extremely contagious
way. Probably 90 per cent. of thejmen and
boys in our city are now wearing buttons on
coat or vest that béar pictures, inscriptions
or designs of a varying nature. One re-
deeming feature about this craze is that
it has a tendency to be harmless, and we
presume it will soon go the way of others
before its time. .
——Benedict : “Why don’t you get
married, old man ? The matrimonial, knot
is as easy tied as that one you’re putting
in your cravat.’’
Bachelor : ‘‘Yep ; that’s a good simile.
One generally gets it in the neck with
both.”’—New York Sunday World.
——When the man writes three letters
to the woman’s one the love affair under
way is much more apt to turn out happily
than when the proportion is reversed.
——*‘“What is a trust, papa?’
‘An association that doest’t.”’—New
York Truth. ;
"——In your blood is the cause of that
tired, languid feeling. Hood’s Sarsaparilla
makes rich, red blood and gives renewed
Children Cry for Pitcher’s Castoria.
When baby was sick, we gave her Castoria,
‘When she was a Child, she cried for Castoria,
When she became a Miss, she clung to Castoria,
When she had Children, she gave them Castoria.
A § TT 9g DI A
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“FOR INFANTS AND CHILDREN.
DO YOU KNOW that Paregoric, Bateman’s
Drops, Godfrey's Cordial, many so-called Sooth-
ing Syrups and most remedies for children are
composed of opium or morphine ?
DO YOU KNOW that opium and morphine are
stupefyiug narcotic poisons ? :
DO YOU KNOW that in most, countries drug-
gists are not, permitted to sell narcotics without
labeling them poison ?
NO YOU KNOW that Castoria is a purely vege-
table preparation, and that a list of its ingredients
is published with every bottle. -
DO YOU KNOW that Castoria is the prescrip-
tion of the famous Dr.}jSamuel Pitcher. That it has
been in use for nearly thirty years, and that more
Castorta is now sold than of all other remedies
for children combined ?
DO YOU KNOW that you should not permit
any medicine to be given Four child unless you
or your physician know of what ;it is composed?
DO YOU KNOW that when possessed of this
pefect preparation, your children may be kept
well. and that you may have unbroken rest?
WELL THESE THINGS are worth knowing.
F nest Roasted Coffees, Rio, Java,
Santog and Mocha. Fresh Roasted.
SECHLER & CO
THE N. EK.
Fry your food in Cottolene instead of lard and it will be free from that greasi-
ness and “richness” so dyspeptic; the flavor will be delicious instead o
rancid, and your food will do your good. Put in a cold pan, heating it with
the pan. Cottolene reaches the cooking point much quicker than lard—care
should therefore be taken not to overheat it. Follow these instructions—
you will never use lard again.
Genuine Cottolene has trade-marks ‘Cottolene”
plant wreath—on every tin.
COMPANY, Chicago and 132 N.
and steer’s head in cotton
Delaware Ave., Philadelphia.
STANDARD PIANO OF THE WORLD,
SOLD TO EVERY PART OF THE GLOBE.
1851—Jury Group, International Exposition—1876, for Grand, Square, and Upright
——HIGHEST HONOR EVER ACCORDED ANY MAKER.——
SCHOMACKER PIANO-FORTE MANUFACTURING CO.,
PREFERRED BY ALL THE LEADING ARTISTS.
Illustrated catalogue mailed on application.
WARER@OMS: 1109 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.
12 East Sixteenth Street, New York.
145 and 147 Wabash Avenue, Chicago.
: 1015 Olive Street, St. Louis.
Miss S. OHNMACHT, Agent,
Emit a purer sympathetic tone, proof against atmospheric action
extraordinary power and durability with great beauty and even-
ness of touch. Pre-eminently the best and most highly improved
instrumentnow manufactured in this or any other country in the world.
They will all want a good serviceable suit for
this winters school and our line of Boy's and
Childrens’ Suits 1s open and ready for your in-
FOR THE SCHOOL BOYS.
It is an assortment such as we
have never shown before.
Children’s Suits that are
from $2 to $4, made with the double seat and
knees, hold fast bands and buttons and sewed
POSITIVELY ALL WOOL
throughout with silk.
Boy's suits, with long pants, strictly all wool,
from $4 to $71; an assortment that will be a glad
surprise to you and will be sure to save you
COSTS NOTHING TO SEE THEM.
Your money back for the asking.
F'UBS, PAILS, WASH RUBBERS,
BROOMS, BRUSHES, BASKETS.
SECHLER & CO.
ue COAST LINE TO MACKINAC.—
pemeaeen TARY, TH Fame
D. AND OC.
2 NEW STEEL PASSENGER STEAMERS,
The Greatest Perfection yet attained in Boat
Construction—Luxurious E uipment, Artistic
Furnishing, Decoration and Efficient Service, in-
suring highest degree of
COMFORT, SPEED AND SAFETY,
FOUR TRIPS PER WEEK BETWEEN
TOLEDO, DETROIT axp MACKINAC
PETOSKY, ‘‘THE 800,” MARQUETTE, AND DULUTH.
Low Rates to Picturesque Mackinac and Re-
turn, including Meals and Berths. From Cleve-
land, $18 ; from Toledo, $15; from Detroit, $13.50.
BETWEEN DETROIT AND CLEVEL&ND
Connecting at Cleveland with Earliest Trains
for all points East, South and Southwest and at
Detroit for all points North and Northwest.
Sunday Trips June, wn August and September
EVERY DAY BETWEEN
CLEVELAND, PUT-IN-BAY AND TOLEDO
Send for Illustrated Pamphlet. Address
A. A. SCHANTZ, G. P. A., DETROIT, MICH.
THE DETROIT AND CLEVELAND STEAM
NAV. CO. 41-20-6m
eT TABLE-OIL, MUSTARD
OLIVES, SAUCES, KETCHUPS, SALAD
DRESSING, MUSHROOMS, TRUFFLES,
38-1 SECHLER & CQ.
STANDARD OIL CO’S
STABLE AND FARM
MICA AXLE GREASE.
Best in the world for heavy wagons.
NEW YORK CARRIAGE GREASE.
For light wagons and heavy carriages.
BOSTON COACH AXLE OIL.
Cheaper and better than castor oil.
STANDARD LEATHER OIL.
Best leather preserver in the world.
EUREKA HARNESS OIL.
The best harness oil made.
RUDDY HARVESTER OIL.
A fine heavy body, for farm machinery.
Sewing machine oil. Gun oil.
Cycle lubricating oil, Cycle lantern oil,
COACH AND CARRIAGE CANDLES
FOR SALE EVERYWHERE. 39-37-1y
Ro.000 $5,000 $5,000
HARNESS, HARNESS, HARNESS
and FOR SUMMER,——
—NEW HARNESS FOR SUMMER,—
FLY-NETS FOR SUMMER,
DUSTERS FOR SUMMER,
. WHIPS FOR SUMMER,
All combined in an immense Stock of Fine
THE LARGEST STOCK OF HORSE
COLLARS IN THE COUNTY.