Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, September 04, 1896, Image 3
- Bellefonte, Pa., Sept. 4, 1896. FARM NOTES. — Don’t allow the farm machinery to lie out in the sun and rain. It will pay in dollars and cents to protect them from the elements. — Brains in business rank above the capi- tal irivested, and capable men receive large salaries. Farming isa business, and should be conducted on a business basis. —Sheep will find something on almost any field, and will not allow a single young weed to escape. They are valuable as scavengers and a few sheep should be kept on every farm. = —The stock raiser constantly finds, says the Indiana Farmer that his grain feed goes further by grinding or crushing than when fed whole. Even though the animal swal- lows its crushed grain without mastication, the juices of the stomach will enter into it and prepare it for easy assimilation. — The best animal to feed the surplus milk of the dairy tois the pig. He will eat unlimited quantities in all shapes, and get fat upon it, if heis young enough to take kindly to the fat-forming qualities of his rations ; but even here there will be waste and loss if the feeding is not done judiciously. —Thousands of bushels of apples go to waste every year which could be dried or evaporated if proper provision could be made for so doing. It may be added, also, that while the market may be well sup- plied with vinegar it is not. always an easy matter to procure good vinegar that has been made from cider. —In the dairy the calf should be taken away from the mother not later then the third day and be given full milk for two weeks ; and this may be gradually weak- ened with skim milk until in two weeks more only the latter is fed it. But Jersey milk seems sometimes too rich for the calf, full strength causing indigestion. —1If given the chance, a horse, a cow, or a hog will lick up the ashes in a burnt-over district of forest ; something in the ashes satisfies a natural craving of animals. Mixed with charcoal and a little salt, it should be constantly kept near swine. There is, therefore, more than one useful purpose to which wood ashes can be put on the farm. — Sometimes there is more to do than to turn out our cows to pasture in the sum- mer and then milk thém twice a day.: Un- less the pasture is ample its well to feed also a little grain. Even with a full pasture this is sometimes advisable. The more succulent food requires more salt, t00 ; and above all things, see that there is pure water in plenty. —Do not ask your cow to give her best results on 10 pounds of grain feed a day when she is capable of eating and assimi- lating 20. Make a study of her ; know all her peculiarities. If she has any whims try as hard to please her as you do your family in the house. Do not count it cost- ing too much labor to keep her from the flies and hot sun in summer. —The farmer in making war on insects should learn to distinguish friends from foes. Many insects are destroyed when engaged in the work of preying on the kinds that damage crops. Birds should also be protected, especially wrens, which will build their nests and multiply on the farm if suitable boxes are provided for them with openings too small for the en- trance into the boxes of sparrows. —The National Stockman says : Thumps in pigs is caused principally by over-feed- ing and poor protection from the weather. If taken in hand when first noticed it can, in most cases, be cured. The young pig must be compelled to take exercise, the shote given something to cool the system and clean out the bowels. It is a nice point in feeding to reach tlie greatest limit of pushing and escape this trouble. We have cured bad cases'and had them do well afterwards. —Sheep are not robust animals and a drive of thirty miles ona warm day is alto- gether too much for them. The effect would-be to tire them and develop disease in the lungs, but most especially by the overheating produce congestion of the skin, and by injury to the wool cause the dropping off of it. This, however, is only a temporary trouble, which the sheep will get over in a short time, but it will not save the wool already on the sheep. It will surely cause the loss of lambs at wean- ing time. —The market price of a cow may be $40. That represents her average value as a money earner. That is, the average dairy- man can make her earn, let us say, $15 above the cost of labor and food. Another dairyman may take her and by better and more economical feeding, and by keener business insight in selling milk, cream or butter make her pay a profit of $25. The market value of the cow remains the same, but her earning capaeity is largely deter- “mined by the man who handles her. —The aim in churning says Hoard’s Dairyman, should be to churn at as low a temperature as will bring the butter ina reasonable length of time, and it is an ex- cellent plan to keep a memorandum of the temperature of the cream, the temperdture of the room in which the churning is done, together with the length of time of the churning. After such a memorandum has been kept for a while, one will be sur- prised at its usefulness. And, in fact, un- less one is blessed with a phenomenal memory, 8 memorandum of the dairy opera- tions will be found to be of benefit. —Why does any one advocate that apple orchards should be set to grass ? Why are they are not cultivated and fertilized just as are orange and lemon orchards ? Farm- ers go to great trouble and expense to plant apple orchards, and willingly cultivate them until they begin to bear, then expect nature to keep them producing bounti- fully. An apple tree fast exhausts the fruiting properties of the soil, it fruits less abundantly, and starves to death or yields very inferior fruit. Feed it, feed it. Keep the ground stirred to retain the moisure. Grass gives just so many capillary tubes to waste moisture. , —Whenever fodder corn has been drilled “too thickly in the row, or where the land lacks nitrogenous fertility, the fact will be made plain at every stage of its growth by the light yellow color of the foilage. Wher- ever light is almost entirely excluded, as at the bottom of the stalks, the color will be nearly white. On the same land, the corn drilled far enough apart to be culti- vated will be thick stemmed and of a dark green color. Not only will the amount of fodder be increased by cultivation, but its quality will be enhanced many fold. The era for sowing corn for fodder broadcast and letting it grow what it will has passed. The Diamond Supply. English Capitalists Control Almost the Entlre Field. Are the diamond mines of the world in- exhaustable? or will the time come when the diamond diggers shall have discovered the last of nature’s store of carbon in its allotropic form? Certain scientists argue that nature does not transform decomposed matter into diamonds rapidly enough to keep pace with the miners. There is a corporation in London which believes these scientists. Most of the diamonds to-day are mined in South Africa. The Englishmen who work the South African fields particularly have a monopoly. With the pooling of their interests compe- tition has stopped. Barney Barnato is re- puted to have effected the consolidation ; at any rate it exists. The output of the mines is distributed to the world by way of the London corporation. The diamonds are shipped in rough from the Kaffir sea- ports. Diamond merchants everywhere know that but a part of the annual output of the mines reaches the trade. Where is the other part? The answer to that question is in the vaults of the Lon- don Company. For stored there are stones in the rough of incalcuable value. Mil- lions on millions of pounds are represented by the contents of those four massive steel walls. Not a stone more is put on the market than can be sold at the standard price set by the company. The rest of the output is stored away to await the end of the diamond supply or a larger demand. The company is capitalized at $4,000,000, and pays handsome dividends each: year despite the reserve tied up in the vaults. Last year it was estimated that one quar- ter of the output of the mines was stored away. If the contents of the vaults were put on the market at present diamo would be a drug.— Philadelphia Press. eee steerer mur Spain from a Car Window. The Country was Dry and Dusty and Seemed Burned to a Cinder. It was fiery hot. It was noon when we reached the junction of Boadilla, where we turned eastward toward Granada. The carriage seemed a furnace, its wood was fire to our touch, the air that came through the windows was burning. The country was scorched to a cinder ; the mountains glittered in the heat ; the shadeless towns quivered in a hot haze like a mirage. We lay back, panting, fanning ourselves with our hats and our guidebooks. We came to baked, dust-driven stations. At each was the same cry of ‘Water! Water!” from the women who made a living by selling it and the people in the train who were trying to drink it. To names—Antequera, Loja, San Fernan- do—that earlier had thrilled us in Murray and Washington Irving we were now indif- ferent as they were spluttered by the dust choked guard. For hours the horizon was bounded by low mountains, with here and there tiny patches of snow on their upper slopes. But where were the dazzling, glowing snow peaks of the Sierra Nevada, that loom up so magnificiently in the ro- mance of Washington Irving, and in the story of every traveler who has been to Granada ? True, through the canebrake, stifling in the torrid air, we had seen two or three low hills crowned with olive groves, plant- ed like a map, and on the top of each something that looked like the ruins of gi- | gantic brick kilns or tumbled down fac- Granada must be near, for we had San Fernando, but neither to- the right nor to the left could we see the mina- rets of the Moorish city or the domes of Catholic Spain. Slower and slower went the train, and then it stopped. Every one got out, and we knew it was Granada. — Eizabeth Robbins Pennell in Century. tories. Hoke Smith’s Successor. Ex-@overnor Francis, of Missouri, Goes Into the Cab- inet. The New Secretary of the Interior Will Enter Upon the Discharge, of His Duties Tuesday. Ex-Governor Francis, of Missouri, ap- pointed to succeed Hoke Smith, is still a comparatively young man (45 years old), who has proved his popularity by his election first as Mayor of St. Louis and then as Governor of Missouri. He proved his capacity by filling both offices accept- ably. Helis wealthy and well educated, a member of the grain brokering firm of D. R. Francis & Bro. : He is a tall, well-built, handsome man of light complexion, with red-brown hair and mustache and keen blue eyes. He is a good speaker and a clever talker. He isa society and club man, lives handsomely with his family in St. Louis, and will doubtless entertain in Washington. Never- theless he is very democratic in his ways and manner. It is generally known that as late as Sat- urday Governor Francis was at the Demo- cratic headquarters telling the man- agers that he was for the Chicago ticket, although he was opposed to the Chicago platform, precisely the position which ex- Secretary Hoke Smith occupied. As a candidate for United States Senator in Mis- souri Governor Francis could not profitably occupy any other position. me eee — —— Henry W. Cornell, son of ex-Gov- ernor Cornell of New York, and grandson of the founder of Cornell University, a life- long Republican, makes this announce- ment: “I am for Bryan and believe my duty as an American citizen is to do all I can to secure his election. I know dozens of other men who, until this year, were Re- publicans, but are now like me. We no longer recognize the Republican party as representing our principles, and for one I am only too glad to go to work in Bryan’s interests.’’ —The prospectors who visited the new oil territory in Gallaher townehip, Clinton county, on Tuesday are much pleased with the surface indications which were pointed accompanied the party. It is asserted that every indication points to the fact that gas may be struck without going to a greater depth than 1800 feet. — ——1It every man votes for McKinley whose wages were raised during the exis- tence of the McKinley act, and everyone votes against him whose wages were low- ered, he will not carry a single one of the manufacturing States. — Bryan wears well. His speeches grow in vigor and force as he realizes that the eastern Democracy are with him and that the gold bug defection is a help rather than a hindrance. austere ———— ——Tired women need to have their blood purified and enriched by Hood’s Sar- saparilla. It will give them strength and health. ————————— ——A new and substantial iron bridge is being ‘built across Spring creek at Houserville. out to them by the practical oil men who Carnage at Constantinople. About 2,000 People Killed During the Rioting on Last Wednesday. ih CONSTANTINOPLE, August 29.—The lat- est estimate of the number of persons killed during the rioting on Wednesday is 2,000. The French charge d’affairs here counted 500 bodies which were deposited in one cemetery alone. The powers have sent a joint note to the Sultan protesting against the slaughter which accompanied the disturbances, to which his majesty an- swered that all possible precautions against the outbreak had been taken and were still being observed with augmented force. : Mr. M. Herbert, secretary of the British embassy, is endeavoring to insure the lives and safety of hundreds of Armenians who are still hiding in various buildings. Re- ports are coming in frequently of outrages in the suburbs of Constantinople, especially beyond Scrutari. Mr. Herbert has char- tered the steamer Hungaria to- transport any English families who are desirous of leaving and many persons have already boarded her. The scenes in the harbor are of the live- liest description. Hundreds of persons are flocking to the water front and taking ref- uge on board foreign ships. Although or- der in the city has been fairly restored, the situation is such as to cause great anxiety. Troops have arrived from Adrianople and re-inforced the soldiery and police, who are patrolling the streets. The city has become quiet and the shops at Galata are being reopened and business resumed. The Armenian revolutionary committee have issued another manifesto, in which are embodied twelve demands, the chief of which is that autonomy be granted to the Armenians. After enumerating their de- mands the manifesto goes on to declare that the Armenians will fight for their rights until the last of them shall have been killed. In Memoriam. Resolutions of respect by Epworth League chapter No. 9552, of Unionville, Pa. WHEREAS, our Father in Heaven has for some good and wise purpose removed, by death, from our midst our friend and brother Elmer Hessic. Resolved, that this chapter sensibly feels and seriously regrets the unavoidable restlt as we loose in him a diligent and earnest brother. Resolved,, that this chapter feelingly sym- pathizes with his mother and brother in their bereavement, trusting that in their loss he may have great and lasting gain. Resolved, that brother Hessic was an Ep- worthian noted for actions more than his words, and in his life illustrated that the principles of the League could be more effect- nally taught and impressed by works and deeds than by much speaking. Resolved, that these resolutions be printed in the county papers and a coy of them be conveyed to the bereaved mother of our de- ceased brother. Mgs. R. B. STCLAIR, Mgs. MARY C. Buck, Com. J.T. BARTON, Maryland Biscuit. Five pints of flour, one scant pint of water, half a pound of lard, and half a tea- spoonful of baking soda. Mix the flour and lard together with a knife, as for pie crust, dissolve the soda in the water, and mix with the flour and lard. Turn out onto a pie beard and strike 1000 blows with-a-mallet or potato masher. Turning the dough and putting it together between each hundred strokes. This receipt will make about 50 biscuits, and is the genuine old Maryland receipt so famous in past |® days. — The wind is blowing over the stub- ble, the crickets are merrily chirping and the katydids are singing their monotonous song—all indicating that autumn is close at hand. Business Notice. Children Cry for Pitcher’s Castoria. When baby was sick, we gave her Castoria, When she was a Child, she cried for Castoria, When she became a Miss, she clung to Castoria, When she had Children, she gave them Castoria. Castoria. . A 8 TT 0 BI A cC A 5 T 0 B.1 A C A 8 9% 0 BT A C A § T O RB 1 A A 8 T OO BR 1 & Cc cCCc¢ FOR INFANTS AND CHILDREN. MOTHERS. DO YOU KNOW that Paregoric, Bateman’s Drops, Godfrey's Cordial, many so-called Sooth- ing Syrups and most remedies for children are composed of opium or morphine? DO YOU KNOW that opium and morphine arg stupefyiug narcotic poisons? DO YOU KNOW that in most countries drug- ists are not permitted to sell narcotics without abeling them poison ? DO YOU KNOW that Castoria is a purely vege- table preparation, and that a list of its ingredients is published with every bottle. DO YOU KNOW that Castoria is the prescrip- tion of the famous Dr.jSamuel Pitcher. That it has been in use for nearly thirty years, and that more || Castorta is now sold than of all other remedies for children combined ? DO YOU KNOW that you should not permit any medicine to be given your child unless you or your physician know of what jit is composed ? . DO YOU KNOW that when possessed of this pefect Dlepafagion, your children may be kept well. and that you may have unbroken rest? WELL THESE THINGS are worth knowing. They are facts. 41-34-1m a —— New Advertisements. F nest Roasted Coffees, Rio, Java, Santos and Mocha. Fresh Roasted. SECHLER & CO \ Cottolene. Ee, ———————————— New Advertisements. Fax 17 COTTQLENE IX Fry your food in Cottolene instead of lard and it will be free from that greasi- ness and “richness” so dyspeptic; the flavor will be delicious instead o rancid, and your food will do your good. Put in a cold pan, heating it with the pan. Cottolene reaches the cooking point much quicker than lard—care should therefore be taken not to overheat it. Follow these instructions— FEUBS, PAILS, WASH RUBBERS, BROOMS, BRUSHES, BASKETS. _ SECHLER & CO. pae COAST LINE TO MACKINAC.— ——TAKE THE— you will never use lard again. D AND C Genuine Cottolene has trade-marks “Cottolene” and stcer's head in cotton TO - plant wreath—on every tin. Myon Nae THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY, Chicago and 132 N. Delaware Ave. Philadelphia. PETOSKEY 40-81. CHICAGO Schomacker Piano. 2 NEW STEEL PASSENGER STEAMERS. The Greatest Perfection yet attained in Boat Construction—Luxurious LL ment, Artistic Furnishing, Decoration and Efficient Service, in- suring highest degree of : COMFORT, SPEED AND SAFETY, FOUR TRIPS PER WEEK BETWEEN TOLEDO, DETROIT axp MACKINAC PETOSKY, ‘‘THE 800,”’ MARQUETTE, AND DULUTH. Low Rates to Picturesque Mackinac and Re- S SOLD TO EVERY PART OF THE GLOBE. CHOMACKER THE RECOGNIZED——% THE GOLD STRINGS STANDARD PIANO OF THE WORLD, ESTABLISHED 1838. PREFERRED BY ——HIGHEST HONOR EVER ACCORDED ANY MAKER.—— UNANIMOUS VERDICT. THE LEADING ARTISTS. turn, including Meals and Berths. From Cleve- land, $18 ; from Toledo, $15; from Detroit, $13.50. EVERY EVENING BETWEEN DETROIT AND CLEVELAND Connecting at Cleveland with Earliest Trains for all points East, South and Southwest and at Detroit for all points North and Northwest. Sunday Trips June, us August and September nly. EVERY DAY BETWEEN CLEVELAND, PUT-IN-BAY AND TOLEDO Send for Illustrated Pamphlet. Address » A. A. SCHANTZ, G. P. A., DETROIT, MICH. * THE DETROIT AND CLEVELAND STEAM NAV. CO. 41-20-6m B= EST TABLE-OIL, MUSTARD OLIVES, SAUCES, KETCHUPS, SALAD DRESSING, MUSHROOMS, TRUFFLES, Emit a purer sympathetic tone, proof against atmospheric action | CAPERS. extraordinary power and durability with great beauty and even- . ness of touch. Pre-eminently the best and most highly improved 38-1 SECHLER & CO. instrument now manufactured in this or any other country in the werld, Illuminating Oil. ee 1851—Jury Group, International Exposition—1876, for Grand, Square, and Upright | (§TANDARD OIL co's Pianos. 41-14 SCHOMACKER PIANO-FORTE MANUFACTURING CO., Illustrated catalogue mailed on application. WARER®OMS: 1109 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 12 East Sixteenth Street, New York. 145 and 147 Wabash Avenue, Chicago. 1015 Olive Street, St. Louis. re EE ERE Fauble’s STABLE AND FARM SPECIALTIES. MICA AXLE GREASE. Best in the world for heavy wagons. NEW YORK CARRIAGE GREASE. For light wagons and heavy carriages. BOSTON COACH AXLE OIL. Cheaper and better than castor oil. Nov this winter's school and our line of Boy’s and - Childrens’ Suits 1s open and ready for your in- FOR THE SCHOOL BOYS. They will all want a good serviceable suit for spection. from $2 to $4, ‘made with the double seat and knees, hold fast bands and buttons and sewed It is an assortment such as we have never shown before. Children’s Suits that are POSITIVELY ALL WOOL throughout with silk. from $4 to $7 ; an assortment that will be a glad surprise to you and will be sure to save you Boy's suits, with long pants, strictly all wool, money. 40-10 Teo COSTS NOTHING TO SEE THEM. Your money back for the asking. FAUBLES’, Bellefonte, Pa. STANDARD LEATHER OIL. Best leather preserver in the world. EUREKA HARNESS OIL. The best harness oil made. RUDDY HARVESTER OIL. fe A fine heavy body, for farm machinery. FAVORITE. Sewing machine oil. Gun oil. ELECTRIC. Cycle lubricating oil, Cycle lantern oil, COACH AND CARRIAGE CANDLES FOR SALE EVERYWHERE. 39-37-1y Saddlery. 000 $5,000 $5,000 ———WORTH OF—— o| HARNESS, HARNESS, HARNESS, SADDLES and . FOR SUMMER,—— BRIDLES _NEW HARNESS FOR SUMMER,— FLY-NETS FOR SUMMER, DUSTERS FOR SUMMER, WHIPS FOR SUMMER, 1 All combined in an immense Stock of Fine 2 Saddlery. To-day Prices ave Dropped j THE LARGEST STOCK OF HORSE COLLARS IN THE COUNTY. JAMES SCHOFIELD, 33-37 BELLFONTE, PA.