Newspaper Page Text
Bellefonte, Pa., Sept. 4, 1896.
— Don’t allow the farm machinery to lie
out in the sun and rain. It will pay in
dollars and cents to protect them from the
— Brains in business rank above the capi-
tal irivested, and capable men receive large
salaries. Farming isa business, and should
be conducted on a business basis.
—Sheep will find something on almost
any field, and will not allow a single young
weed to escape. They are valuable as
scavengers and a few sheep should be kept
on every farm. =
—The stock raiser constantly finds, says
the Indiana Farmer that his grain feed goes
further by grinding or crushing than when
fed whole. Even though the animal swal-
lows its crushed grain without mastication,
the juices of the stomach will enter into it
and prepare it for easy assimilation.
— The best animal to feed the surplus
milk of the dairy tois the pig. He will
eat unlimited quantities in all shapes, and
get fat upon it, if heis young enough to
take kindly to the fat-forming qualities of
his rations ; but even here there will be
waste and loss if the feeding is not done
—Thousands of bushels of apples go to
waste every year which could be dried or
evaporated if proper provision could be
made for so doing. It may be added, also,
that while the market may be well sup-
plied with vinegar it is not. always an easy
matter to procure good vinegar that has
been made from cider.
—In the dairy the calf should be taken
away from the mother not later then the
third day and be given full milk for two
weeks ; and this may be gradually weak-
ened with skim milk until in two weeks
more only the latter is fed it. But Jersey
milk seems sometimes too rich for the calf,
full strength causing indigestion.
—1If given the chance, a horse, a cow, or
a hog will lick up the ashes in a burnt-over
district of forest ; something in the ashes
satisfies a natural craving of animals.
Mixed with charcoal and a little salt, it
should be constantly kept near swine.
There is, therefore, more than one useful
purpose to which wood ashes can be put on
— Sometimes there is more to do than to
turn out our cows to pasture in the sum-
mer and then milk thém twice a day.: Un-
less the pasture is ample its well to feed also
a little grain. Even with a full pasture
this is sometimes advisable. The more
succulent food requires more salt, t00 ;
and above all things, see that there is pure
water in plenty.
—Do not ask your cow to give her best
results on 10 pounds of grain feed a day
when she is capable of eating and assimi-
lating 20. Make a study of her ; know all
her peculiarities. If she has any whims
try as hard to please her as you do your
family in the house. Do not count it cost-
ing too much labor to keep her from the
flies and hot sun in summer.
—The farmer in making war on insects
should learn to distinguish friends from
foes. Many insects are destroyed when
engaged in the work of preying on the
kinds that damage crops. Birds should
also be protected, especially wrens, which
will build their nests and multiply on the
farm if suitable boxes are provided for
them with openings too small for the en-
trance into the boxes of sparrows.
—The National Stockman says : Thumps
in pigs is caused principally by over-feed-
ing and poor protection from the weather.
If taken in hand when first noticed it can,
in most cases, be cured. The young pig
must be compelled to take exercise, the
shote given something to cool the system
and clean out the bowels. It is a nice
point in feeding to reach tlie greatest limit
of pushing and escape this trouble. We
have cured bad cases'and had them do well
—Sheep are not robust animals and a
drive of thirty miles ona warm day is alto-
gether too much for them. The effect
would-be to tire them and develop disease
in the lungs, but most especially by the
overheating produce congestion of the skin,
and by injury to the wool cause the
dropping off of it. This, however, is only
a temporary trouble, which the sheep will
get over in a short time, but it will not
save the wool already on the sheep. It
will surely cause the loss of lambs at wean-
—The market price of a cow may be $40.
That represents her average value as a
money earner. That is, the average dairy-
man can make her earn, let us say, $15
above the cost of labor and food. Another
dairyman may take her and by better and
more economical feeding, and by keener
business insight in selling milk, cream or
butter make her pay a profit of $25. The
market value of the cow remains the same,
but her earning capaeity is largely deter-
“mined by the man who handles her.
—The aim in churning says Hoard’s
Dairyman, should be to churn at as low a
temperature as will bring the butter ina
reasonable length of time, and it is an ex-
cellent plan to keep a memorandum of the
temperature of the cream, the temperdture
of the room in which the churning is done,
together with the length of time of the
churning. After such a memorandum has
been kept for a while, one will be sur-
prised at its usefulness. And, in fact, un-
less one is blessed with a phenomenal
memory, 8 memorandum of the dairy opera-
tions will be found to be of benefit.
—Why does any one advocate that apple
orchards should be set to grass ? Why are
they are not cultivated and fertilized just
as are orange and lemon orchards ? Farm-
ers go to great trouble and expense to plant
apple orchards, and willingly cultivate
them until they begin to bear, then expect
nature to keep them producing bounti-
fully. An apple tree fast exhausts the
fruiting properties of the soil, it fruits less
abundantly, and starves to death or yields
very inferior fruit. Feed it, feed it. Keep
the ground stirred to retain the moisure.
Grass gives just so many capillary tubes to
, —Whenever fodder corn has been drilled
“too thickly in the row, or where the land
lacks nitrogenous fertility, the fact will be
made plain at every stage of its growth by
the light yellow color of the foilage. Wher-
ever light is almost entirely excluded, as
at the bottom of the stalks, the color will
be nearly white. On the same land, the
corn drilled far enough apart to be culti-
vated will be thick stemmed and of a dark
green color. Not only will the amount of
fodder be increased by cultivation, but its
quality will be enhanced many fold. The
era for sowing corn for fodder broadcast
and letting it grow what it will has passed.
The Diamond Supply.
English Capitalists Control Almost the Entlre Field.
Are the diamond mines of the world in-
exhaustable? or will the time come when
the diamond diggers shall have discovered
the last of nature’s store of carbon in its
allotropic form? Certain scientists argue
that nature does not transform decomposed
matter into diamonds rapidly enough to
keep pace with the miners.
There is a corporation in London which
believes these scientists. Most of the
diamonds to-day are mined in South Africa.
The Englishmen who work the South
African fields particularly have a monopoly.
With the pooling of their interests compe-
tition has stopped. Barney Barnato is re-
puted to have effected the consolidation ;
at any rate it exists. The output of the
mines is distributed to the world by way
of the London corporation. The diamonds
are shipped in rough from the Kaffir sea-
Diamond merchants everywhere know
that but a part of the annual output of the
mines reaches the trade.
Where is the other part? The answer to
that question is in the vaults of the Lon-
don Company. For stored there are stones
in the rough of incalcuable value. Mil-
lions on millions of pounds are represented
by the contents of those four massive steel
walls. Not a stone more is put on the
market than can be sold at the standard
price set by the company. The rest of the
output is stored away to await the end of
the diamond supply or a larger demand.
The company is capitalized at $4,000,000,
and pays handsome dividends each: year
despite the reserve tied up in the vaults.
Last year it was estimated that one quar-
ter of the output of the mines was stored
away. If the contents of the vaults were
put on the market at present diamo
would be a drug.— Philadelphia Press.
eee steerer mur
Spain from a Car Window.
The Country was Dry and Dusty and Seemed
Burned to a Cinder.
It was fiery hot. It was noon when we
reached the junction of Boadilla, where we
turned eastward toward Granada. The
carriage seemed a furnace, its wood was
fire to our touch, the air that came through
the windows was burning. The country
was scorched to a cinder ; the mountains
glittered in the heat ; the shadeless towns
quivered in a hot haze like a mirage. We
lay back, panting, fanning ourselves with
our hats and our guidebooks. We came
to baked, dust-driven stations. At each
was the same cry of ‘Water! Water!”
from the women who made a living by
selling it and the people in the train who
were trying to drink it.
To names—Antequera, Loja, San Fernan-
do—that earlier had thrilled us in Murray
and Washington Irving we were now indif-
ferent as they were spluttered by the dust
choked guard. For hours the horizon was
bounded by low mountains, with here and
there tiny patches of snow on their upper
slopes. But where were the dazzling,
glowing snow peaks of the Sierra Nevada,
that loom up so magnificiently in the ro-
mance of Washington Irving, and in the
story of every traveler who has been to
True, through the canebrake, stifling in
the torrid air, we had seen two or three
low hills crowned with olive groves, plant-
ed like a map, and on the top of each
something that looked like the ruins of gi-
| gantic brick kilns or tumbled down fac-
Granada must be near, for we had
San Fernando, but neither to- the
right nor to the left could we see the mina-
rets of the Moorish city or the domes of
Catholic Spain. Slower and slower went
the train, and then it stopped. Every
one got out, and we knew it was Granada.
— Eizabeth Robbins Pennell in Century.
Hoke Smith’s Successor.
Ex-@overnor Francis, of Missouri, Goes Into the Cab-
inet. The New Secretary of the Interior Will Enter
Upon the Discharge, of His Duties Tuesday.
Ex-Governor Francis, of Missouri, ap-
pointed to succeed Hoke Smith, is still a
comparatively young man (45 years old),
who has proved his popularity by his
election first as Mayor of St. Louis and
then as Governor of Missouri. He proved
his capacity by filling both offices accept-
ably. Helis wealthy and well educated,
a member of the grain brokering firm of D.
R. Francis & Bro. :
He is a tall, well-built, handsome man of
light complexion, with red-brown hair and
mustache and keen blue eyes. He is a
good speaker and a clever talker. He isa
society and club man, lives handsomely
with his family in St. Louis, and will
doubtless entertain in Washington. Never-
theless he is very democratic in his ways
It is generally known that as late as Sat-
urday Governor Francis was at the Demo-
cratic headquarters telling the man-
agers that he was for the Chicago ticket,
although he was opposed to the Chicago
platform, precisely the position which ex-
Secretary Hoke Smith occupied. As a
candidate for United States Senator in Mis-
souri Governor Francis could not profitably
occupy any other position.
me eee —
—— Henry W. Cornell, son of ex-Gov-
ernor Cornell of New York, and grandson
of the founder of Cornell University, a life-
long Republican, makes this announce-
ment: “I am for Bryan and believe my
duty as an American citizen is to do all I
can to secure his election. I know dozens
of other men who, until this year, were Re-
publicans, but are now like me. We no
longer recognize the Republican party as
representing our principles, and for one I
am only too glad to go to work in Bryan’s
—The prospectors who visited the new
oil territory in Gallaher townehip, Clinton
county, on Tuesday are much pleased with
the surface indications which were pointed
accompanied the party. It is asserted that
every indication points to the fact that gas
may be struck without going to a greater
depth than 1800 feet.
——1It every man votes for McKinley
whose wages were raised during the exis-
tence of the McKinley act, and everyone
votes against him whose wages were low-
ered, he will not carry a single one of the
— Bryan wears well. His speeches
grow in vigor and force as he realizes that
the eastern Democracy are with him and
that the gold bug defection is a help rather
than a hindrance.
——Tired women need to have their
blood purified and enriched by Hood’s Sar-
saparilla. It will give them strength and
——A new and substantial iron bridge
is being ‘built across Spring creek at
out to them by the practical oil men who
Carnage at Constantinople.
About 2,000 People Killed During the Rioting on
Last Wednesday. ih
CONSTANTINOPLE, August 29.—The lat-
est estimate of the number of persons
killed during the rioting on Wednesday is
2,000. The French charge d’affairs here
counted 500 bodies which were deposited
in one cemetery alone. The powers have
sent a joint note to the Sultan protesting
against the slaughter which accompanied
the disturbances, to which his majesty an-
swered that all possible precautions against
the outbreak had been taken and were still
being observed with augmented force. :
Mr. M. Herbert, secretary of the British
embassy, is endeavoring to insure the lives
and safety of hundreds of Armenians who
are still hiding in various buildings. Re-
ports are coming in frequently of outrages
in the suburbs of Constantinople, especially
beyond Scrutari. Mr. Herbert has char-
tered the steamer Hungaria to- transport
any English families who are desirous of
leaving and many persons have already
The scenes in the harbor are of the live-
liest description. Hundreds of persons are
flocking to the water front and taking ref-
uge on board foreign ships. Although or-
der in the city has been fairly restored, the
situation is such as to cause great anxiety.
Troops have arrived from Adrianople
and re-inforced the soldiery and police,
who are patrolling the streets. The city
has become quiet and the shops at Galata
are being reopened and business resumed.
The Armenian revolutionary committee
have issued another manifesto, in which
are embodied twelve demands, the chief of
which is that autonomy be granted to the
Armenians. After enumerating their de-
mands the manifesto goes on to declare
that the Armenians will fight for their
rights until the last of them shall have
Resolutions of respect by Epworth League
chapter No. 9552, of Unionville, Pa.
WHEREAS, our Father in Heaven has for
some good and wise purpose removed, by
death, from our midst our friend and brother
Resolved, that this chapter sensibly feels
and seriously regrets the unavoidable restlt
as we loose in him a diligent and earnest
Resolved,, that this chapter feelingly sym-
pathizes with his mother and brother in
their bereavement, trusting that in their
loss he may have great and lasting gain.
Resolved, that brother Hessic was an Ep-
worthian noted for actions more than his
words, and in his life illustrated that the
principles of the League could be more effect-
nally taught and impressed by works and
deeds than by much speaking.
Resolved, that these resolutions be printed
in the county papers and a coy of them be
conveyed to the bereaved mother of our de-
Mgs. R. B. STCLAIR,
Mgs. MARY C. Buck, Com.
Five pints of flour, one scant pint of
water, half a pound of lard, and half a tea-
spoonful of baking soda. Mix the flour
and lard together with a knife, as for pie
crust, dissolve the soda in the water, and
mix with the flour and lard. Turn out
onto a pie beard and strike 1000 blows
with-a-mallet or potato masher. Turning
the dough and putting it together between
each hundred strokes. This receipt will
make about 50 biscuits, and is the genuine
old Maryland receipt so famous in past |®
— The wind is blowing over the stub-
ble, the crickets are merrily chirping and
the katydids are singing their monotonous
song—all indicating that autumn is close
Children Cry for Pitcher’s Castoria.
When baby was sick, we gave her Castoria,
When she was a Child, she cried for Castoria,
When she became a Miss, she clung to Castoria,
When she had Children, she gave them Castoria.
A 8 TT 0 BI A
cC A 5 T 0 B.1 A
C A 8 9% 0 BT A
C A § T O RB 1 A
A 8 T OO BR 1 &
FOR INFANTS AND CHILDREN.
DO YOU KNOW that Paregoric, Bateman’s
Drops, Godfrey's Cordial, many so-called Sooth-
ing Syrups and most remedies for children are
composed of opium or morphine?
DO YOU KNOW that opium and morphine arg
stupefyiug narcotic poisons?
DO YOU KNOW that in most countries drug-
ists are not permitted to sell narcotics without
abeling them poison ?
DO YOU KNOW that Castoria is a purely vege-
table preparation, and that a list of its ingredients
is published with every bottle.
DO YOU KNOW that Castoria is the prescrip-
tion of the famous Dr.jSamuel Pitcher. That it has
been in use for nearly thirty years, and that more
|| Castorta is now sold than of all other remedies
for children combined ?
DO YOU KNOW that you should not permit
any medicine to be given your child unless you
or your physician know of what jit is composed ?
. DO YOU KNOW that when possessed of this
pefect Dlepafagion, your children may be kept
well. and that you may have unbroken rest?
WELL THESE THINGS are worth knowing.
They are facts. 41-34-1m
F nest Roasted Coffees, Rio, Java,
Santos and Mocha. Fresh Roasted.
SECHLER & CO
Fry your food in Cottolene instead of lard and it will be free from that greasi-
ness and “richness” so dyspeptic; the flavor will be delicious instead o
rancid, and your food will do your good. Put in a cold pan, heating it with
the pan. Cottolene reaches the cooking point much quicker than lard—care
should therefore be taken not to overheat it. Follow these instructions—
FEUBS, PAILS, WASH RUBBERS,
BROOMS, BRUSHES, BASKETS.
_ SECHLER & CO.
pae COAST LINE TO MACKINAC.—
you will never use lard again. D AND C
Genuine Cottolene has trade-marks “Cottolene” and stcer's head in cotton TO -
plant wreath—on every tin. Myon Nae
THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY, Chicago and 132 N. Delaware Ave. Philadelphia. PETOSKEY
2 NEW STEEL PASSENGER STEAMERS.
The Greatest Perfection yet attained in Boat
Construction—Luxurious LL ment, Artistic
Furnishing, Decoration and Efficient Service, in-
suring highest degree of :
COMFORT, SPEED AND SAFETY,
FOUR TRIPS PER WEEK BETWEEN
TOLEDO, DETROIT axp MACKINAC
PETOSKY, ‘‘THE 800,”’ MARQUETTE, AND DULUTH.
Low Rates to Picturesque Mackinac and Re-
SOLD TO EVERY PART OF THE GLOBE.
STANDARD PIANO OF THE WORLD,
——HIGHEST HONOR EVER ACCORDED ANY MAKER.——
THE LEADING ARTISTS.
turn, including Meals and Berths. From Cleve-
land, $18 ; from Toledo, $15; from Detroit, $13.50.
BETWEEN DETROIT AND CLEVELAND
Connecting at Cleveland with Earliest Trains
for all points East, South and Southwest and at
Detroit for all points North and Northwest.
Sunday Trips June, us August and September
EVERY DAY BETWEEN
CLEVELAND, PUT-IN-BAY AND TOLEDO
Send for Illustrated Pamphlet. Address »
A. A. SCHANTZ, G. P. A., DETROIT, MICH. *
THE DETROIT AND CLEVELAND STEAM
NAV. CO. 41-20-6m
B= EST TABLE-OIL, MUSTARD
OLIVES, SAUCES, KETCHUPS, SALAD
DRESSING, MUSHROOMS, TRUFFLES,
Emit a purer sympathetic tone, proof against atmospheric action | CAPERS.
extraordinary power and durability with great beauty and even- .
ness of touch. Pre-eminently the best and most highly improved 38-1 SECHLER & CO.
instrument now manufactured in this or any other country in the werld,
1851—Jury Group, International Exposition—1876, for Grand, Square, and Upright | (§TANDARD OIL co's
SCHOMACKER PIANO-FORTE MANUFACTURING CO.,
Illustrated catalogue mailed on application.
WARER®OMS: 1109 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.
12 East Sixteenth Street, New York.
145 and 147 Wabash Avenue, Chicago.
1015 Olive Street, St. Louis.
re EE ERE
STABLE AND FARM
MICA AXLE GREASE.
Best in the world for heavy wagons.
NEW YORK CARRIAGE GREASE.
For light wagons and heavy carriages.
BOSTON COACH AXLE OIL.
Cheaper and better than castor oil.
this winter's school and our line of Boy’s and
- Childrens’ Suits 1s open and ready for your in-
FOR THE SCHOOL BOYS.
They will all want a good serviceable suit for
from $2 to $4, ‘made with the double seat and
knees, hold fast bands and buttons and sewed
It is an assortment such as we
have never shown before.
Children’s Suits that are
POSITIVELY ALL WOOL
throughout with silk.
from $4 to $7 ; an assortment that will be a glad
surprise to you and will be sure to save you
Boy's suits, with long pants, strictly all wool,
COSTS NOTHING TO SEE THEM.
Your money back for the asking.
STANDARD LEATHER OIL.
Best leather preserver in the world.
EUREKA HARNESS OIL.
The best harness oil made.
RUDDY HARVESTER OIL. fe
A fine heavy body, for farm machinery.
Sewing machine oil. Gun oil.
Cycle lubricating oil, Cycle lantern oil,
COACH AND CARRIAGE CANDLES
FOR SALE EVERYWHERE. 39-37-1y
000 $5,000 $5,000
o| HARNESS, HARNESS, HARNESS,
and . FOR SUMMER,——
_NEW HARNESS FOR SUMMER,—
FLY-NETS FOR SUMMER,
DUSTERS FOR SUMMER,
WHIPS FOR SUMMER, 1
All combined in an immense Stock of Fine
ave Dropped j
THE LARGEST STOCK OF HORSE
COLLARS IN THE COUNTY.
33-37 BELLFONTE, PA.