Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, July 10, 1896, Image 4

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Democratic State Ticket
Washington county.
Delaware county.
Venango. |
Somerset. . |
Pittsburg. |
Samuel Dickson, John M. Carroll, |
Albert M. Hicks, Chas. J. Reilly,
John M. Campbell, J. P. Hoffar, i
James J. Ryan, Lucien Banks, |
“John Hagen, A. J. Brady, |
John H. Hickson, George W. Rhine,
John B. Storm, John C. Patton,
Thos. A. Haak, William Weihe,
Chas. F. Reninger, Judson J. Brooks,
Chas. H. Schadt, John J. McFarland,
Thomas R. Philips, C. H. Aikens,
Charles F. King, Seymour S. Hackett,
John K. Royal, Harry Alvin Hall.
William Stahler.
Democratic County Ticket.
Subject to the decision of the district conference.
For Skeriff—W. M. CRONISTER.
For Treasurer—C. A. WEAVER.
For Recorder—J. C. HARPER.
For Register—GEO. W. RUMBERGER.
x i, lp MEYER,
ForConunissioners— i DANIEL HECKMAN. |
For: Auditors— 3 3yF. RISTER.
For County Surveyor—J. H. WETZEL.
For Coroner—W. U. IRVIN.
For Assembly—
People Were Not Moved hy Arguments
Henry George Explains Why the Silver |
of Courtesy to Senator Hill. !
CHICAGO, July 7th.—The first skirmish
between the opposing factions of the Demo-
cratic party has been won by the silver
men, or in the phrase that the Kansas man
who came out of the convention with me
put it, “In the first battle between Bland |
and the Rothschilds the money kings are
The crowd began to gather around the
convention hall before 10 o'clock, but
though it comprised men of national weight
and influence and spectators who had paid
from $10 to $20 apiece for their tickets, not
a door was open to delegates or néwspaper
men until nearly 12. Itis a greater and |
finer hall than that in which the St
convention met, probably at presdnt the
most commodious of halls, and as the eye
swept beyond the central space reservid to
the contestants in the great political ba
the graceful tiers of circling thousands su;
gested the Flavian amphitheaters, as in the
Roman twilight the imagination repeoples
its broken arches with the life of imperial
people. The band played national tunes,
but there was little recognition for the dele-
cates of states and territories as they march-
ed in their alphabetically arranged places.
The tall and handsome form of Whitney, |
the generalissimo of the opposition forces,
who abandoned his trip to Europe to
personal charge of Democratic action in
Chicago, stood out prominently in New |
York ranks ; Hill was on his left, Fellows,
Sheenan and Coudert on his right.
Expectation was tense during the long |
delay that seemed to be caused by confer- |
ences between national committeemen and |
the gold leaders, for it was not generally |
known whether the silver men had suec- |
ceeded in marshaling their forces to make |
an issue on the appointment of a temporary |
chairman, or whether the pleas of the gold |
ngen for adherence to precedent and for |
personal consideration for Mr. Hill had
been successful in breaking the line in
some of the silver states. But when at
length the chairman of the national com-
mittee struck the gavel and ordered the
aisles to be cleared, and after a prayer by |
an - Episcopal clergyman for guidance in
perplexity and the consideration of honesty,
announced David B. Hill as the temporary
chairman, selected by the committee, all
doubt as to where the first struggle would
take place came to an end in the present
case by Clayton, of Arkansas, of a minority
report, naming Daniel, of Virginia, for
temporary chairman. The cheers that fol-
lowed from the ranks of the silver states
showed that the silver strength was intact.
In the debate opened by McDermitt, of
New Jersey, the burden of the plea of the
supporters of the majority report was that
which during the last few days has been
persistently and adroitly urged by the gold
men upon the silver men who were thought
susceptible of it ; that it would be a viola-
tion of custom not to accept the temporary
chairman named by the national commit-
tee ; that to refuse this empty honor to
Mr. Hill would be to put a personal digni-
ty upon a fine man and a peculiarly good
Democrat, while toconcede this courtesy
would do no harm to the majority or lessen
their power to name a permanent chairman
and to frame such a platform as they
Waller, of Connecticut, who made the
second Hill speech, dropped toward its close
the tone of consideration for Hill and cour-
tesy to the minority with which he began,
and that really seemed to be proving effec-
~ tive, to make the threat that if Hill was re-
jected by the convention the old men
would fight. This threat roused the con-
vention at once, and the shouts of joy and
derision that broke from the silver ranks |
showed that if there had been any doubt
before, the determination of the silver men
was now fixed. Fellows, of New York,
afterward joined in the same plea for
courtesy to the minority, respect to the
national committee and the avoidance of
Louis |,
indignity to such a good Democrat as Hill, |
but this produced no effect.
The burden of the speeches made hy |
Thomas of Colorado, White of California, |
Marsden of Louisiana, Duncan of Texas, |
Ladd of Illinois, and, closing the debate, |
by Clayton of Alabama, was, that while
they had the best possible opinion of Mr.
Hill, it was a violation of not merely
custom, but of Democratic principle, that a
national committee sho propose as a
temporary chairman a man who was not in
sympathy with the majority of the conven-
tion, and when finally the roll call’ began
and the votes of Towa were cast solidly,
the issue of the first battle was settled.
In the National Convention ot
the Democratic Party.
| The Convention Selects Daniel for
Temporary Chairman,
The Delegates Override the Selection of
the National Committee, and Choose the
Man Who Nominated Hill for the Presi.
dency Four Years Ago—The Temporary
Chairman’s Ringing Silver Speech—Sena-
tor James K. Jones, of Arkansas, Se-
lected so Head the Committee on Reso-
lutions—The Platform, While Not Name.
ing President Cleveland, “Condemns Traf-
ficking with Banking Syndicates,” Favors
Independent Free Coinage, Denounces
Federal Interference in Local Affairs,
and Favors a Constitutional Amendment
Providing for an Income Tax—Creden-
tials Committee Seats the Michigan Sil-
ver Delegates—Gold Men Talking of a
CrIcAGO, July 8.—In the magnificent
| and capacious Coliseum in Jackson Park,
beneath clear skies, with a cool, invigorat-
ing breeze snapping at the flags and trap-
pings and the blue waters of Lake Michi-
gan stretching away to the north, the
Democratic national convention met yes-
terday. After a brief but decisive battle
in the arena the silver men indicated their
| supremacy. They wrested from the hands
, of the gold phalanxes the control of the
| convention and gathered the reins of
i power into their own hands.
There was a reminiscence of that other
great Coliseum whose fall marked the de-
struction of an empire, where men were
butchered to make a Roman holiday.
about it all. A champion who has so often
entered the lists to do battle in Democ-
racy’s cauge, amid the ringing shouts and
the wild acclaim of his party, was put to
the sword that silver might be supreme. It
was with reluctance that many of the
friends of Senator David Bennett Hill
turned their thumbs downward, as the ar-
rogant patricians of the empire that ruled
the world did when the populace cried for
ercy. But, like the gladiators who en-
red the arena to the blare of the trumpet
ang the clang of steel, the silver men beat
their sympathies and hardened their
that the issue might be squarely
drawn®and decided, even though it in-
volved the doom of one whom they had
delighted to honor in the past.
By one of those strange, fateful coinci-
dences it was Senator John W. Daniel,
who four years ago, at the Wigwam, nom-
inated Mr. Hill for the presidency, who
was selected to give the fatal blow to the
man whom he would have exalted to the
first place in the republic. No more elo-
quent commentary on the revolution
which has divided the party and made
this convention so memorable could be
needed. It was not without a wail of
agony, however, that some of the specta-
tors who could not fathom the mysteries
of political maneuvering and the necessity
of grinding men beneath the heel saw the
: old champion, whose slogan and proudest
boast was ‘‘I am a Democrat,” go down.
Even after Senator Daniel had reached
| the platform and assumed the gavel they
J called loudly for the defeated leader, but
the experienced general. who has tasted
the bitterness of defeat before, as well as
the sweetness of . victory, only smiled
if y An Inspiring Sight.
The convention itself was an inspiring
sight. Never before since the present sys-
tem of national conventions was inaugu-
rated by the old National Republican
party in Baltimore, in 1831, has a conven-
tion met in such a capacious and admira-
bly adapted structure. On the north side,
where the platform and the president's
chair are situated, the galleries rise one
above the other, while in front from all
sides of the railed inclosure where the del-
egates sit, each state marked by the neat-
est of staffs, slope away the wilderness of
seats in gentle terraces to the most remote
limits of the Coliscum, which are almost
400 feet in direct line from the chairman’s
table. The hands of the big clock oppo-
site the platform cannot be discerned, yet
the acoustic properties of the building are
so perfect that every word could be dis-
tinctly heard.
The decorationsare simple, but effective.
From the lofty girders which hold up the
arched roof flutter gay trappings. The
galleries in front are entwined with na-
tional colors, while at regular intervals
large crayon portraits of the patron saints
of the party, Jefferson, Jackson and others,
lcok down upon the sucecssors to their
faith. A larce portrait of Mr. Cleveland
is off to one side, the only one displayed of
a living Democrat. With the vast space
filled, almost to the outermost walls, with
a forest of people, an unusually large
number of whom were ladies, the scene was
a brilliant one. There was no demonstra-
tion during the day for any of the candi-
dates, but manyfof the leaders, like Hill
and Whitney of New York, Blackburn of
Kentucky, ex-Governor Busrell of Massa-
chusetts, Dunicls of Virginia and Harrity
of Pennsylvania, were the recipients of
individual ovations The followers of both
sides took every opportunity te cheer on
their champions.
On the platforin were tte: members of
the national committee. Among the dis-
tinguished guests seated in their rear were
a number of gold lewders who have been
conspicuous in previous conventions, but
who were swept aside by the silver cohorts
in their states. lhe ce included General
Gordon of Georgii. Senator Lindsay of
Kentucky, ex-Congressman Bynum of
Indiana, ex-Congressman Outhwaite of
Ohio] and others. But strangest of allon
| the platform of a Democratic convention
were the little coterie of silver senators
who bolted the convention at St. Louis. |
At present without a party, they seek en-
trance to the Democratic party on condi-
tion that it select Mr. Teller. General
John B. Weaver and other Populists and
silverites, like Senator Stewart, were also
there, all watching closely the results of
the deliberations of the convention. Al-
though many well known faces were miss
ing, it was a distinguished gathering.
The invocation of the boyish chaplain,
Dr. Stires, an Episcopal divine, with its
appeal for peace, had hardly ascended to
the throne of grace before the contending
hosts met in the shock of battle. The gold
men carried out their program of pre-
senting Senator Hill for temporary chair-
man, but the silver leaders also held to
their resolution and immediately antag-
onized him with Senator Daniel. For two
hours the oratorical gladiators of the op-
posing forces fought it out upon the plat-
form. Allan McDermott of New Jersey,
John I. Waller of Connecticut, John R.
Fellows of New York and General St.
Clair of West Virginia championed Mr.
Hill's cause, and C. S. Thomas of Cclo-
rado, M. F. Tarpey of California, C. A.
Ladd of Illinois, Pelegate Marston of
Louisiana and National Committeeman
Clayton of Alabama insisted upon his
overthrow. Colonel Fellows appealed for
mercy. He pleaded with the majority to
do a generous thing and show that it did
not place too much reliance on the force
of numbers, but in the righteousness of
their cause. Mr. McDermott was even
driven to threats. General St. Clair, who
is a silver man, opposed the defeat of Hill,
whom he had supported four years ago,
and whose defeat then he expressed his
profound regret for.
But the silver men, most of whom had
also been for Hill in 1892, and who re- |
called the fact with evident pride and |
With expressed great regret at the neces-
sity which compelled them to take this
course, contended that the ‘election of a!
temporary chairman in harmony with the
majority was of vital importance. The
temper of the delegates was plainly appar-
ent from the salvos with which they |
It was no- |
greeted these firm utterances.
ticeable that neither side put its giants
When the vote came to be taken W. J.
Stackhouse, one of the administration’s
federal officials in Towa, in order to flaunt
the divisions in the Boies delegation, chal-
lenged the vote of the statcand uncovered |
Mr. Haldeman did the |
same thing in Blackburn's Kentucky dele- |
seven gold votes.
gation, and Mr. McKnight, a silver Mich-
igan delegate, showed twelve silver votes
in his delegation which were locked up by |
the unit rule. The result of the roll call
showed 556 votes for Danicl and 349 for
Hill, practically the strength of the two |
. sides.
Although this did not show a two-thirds
majority, the silver leaders displayed no
anxiety on this score, as the Nebraska |
gold delegation of twenty-six will be un-
seated and the rcépresentation from the
territories will be increased from two to
six each.
Senator Daniel’s Speech.
Senator Daniel, who assumed the duties
of presiding officer, is an impressive figure
and a most eloqudut orator of the old
school. He sounded
ver in a ringing speech,
he spoke from notes was ra
ing to his friends.
er disappoint-
He spoke in part as
In receiving from your hands this gavel as |
the temporary presiding officer of this conven-
tion I beg leave to express a sentiment, which
I am sure is unanimous, that no national con-
vention was ever presided over with more abil-
ity or with more fairness than by yourself. I |
trust that I may be able in some fechle way to |
model my conduct by your model and to prac-
tice by your example. This position, gentle
men, to which you have chosen me involves
both a great personal honor and a keen re-
sponsibility. For the honor I thank you, and
by your gracious aid will make it casy and its
burden light.
I regret that my name should have been
brought in even the most courteous and seri-
ous complication with that of my distinguished
friend, the great senator from New York. But
the very fact that I have permitted it to be
done refutes the suggestion that has been im-
proviaently made on this floor that either I or
those whon: I have the honor to represent |
would ever Leap indignity upon that brave
and illustrious head. The senator from New
York himself knows, as you know and as I
know, that there is no personality in the pre-
ferment which has been given to me. He must |
know, und the whole country that watches
these proceedings must know, that itis only
due to the principle that this creat majority |
of Democrats stand for and that they know
that I stand for with them.
There is one thing golden. which, permit me,
in the same good humor which has character-
ized your conduct, to commend to you here. It
is the golden rule to do unto others as you
would have them do unto you. Democrats as
you have been, Democrats as I trust you will
ever be, acquiesce gracefully in the will of the
great majority of your fellow Democrats, and
only ask to go with them, as they have often
gone with you. Do not forget, gentlemen, that
for thirty years we have supported the men
that you have named for president—Seymour,
Greely. Tilden, Hancock and twice Grover
Cleveland. Do not forget that we have sub-
mitted cheerfully to your compromised plat-
form, and to your repeated pledges of bimetal-
lism, and have patiently borne repeated disap-
pointments as to their fulfillment.
get that just four years ago, in a Democratic
convention in this city, the New York delega-
tion stood here solidly and immovably fora
candidate committed to the free and unlimited
coinage of silver and gold at the ratio of 16 to 1.
The active business men of thi conutry, its
manufacturers, merchants, far» »s, sons of
toil in counting room, factory, nea and mine,
know that contraction ef the currency sweeps
away with the silent and resistless force of
gravitation the annual profits of their enter-
prise and investments. They know, too, that
the gold standard means contraction and the
organization of disaster. What hope is there
for the country anc what hope for the Democ-
racy unless the views of the majority here
shall be adopted? Do not the peonle know that
it was not silver legislation, Int legistation die-
tated by the advocates of the gold standard,
that has caused and now continues the finan-
cial depression?
The people do not forget when Democracy
came to power, in 1803, it inherited from its
Republican predecessor the tax system and the
currency system of which the McKinley law
and the Sherman law were the culminating
features. It came to power amidst a panic
which fitly followed upon their cnactment with |
strikes, lockouts, riots and civic commotions,
while the scenes of peaceful industry in Penn-
sylvania had become military camps. Besides
manifold oppressive features, the McKinley
law had thrown away $50,000,000 of revenue de-
rived from sugar under the sceptral plea of a
free breakfast table and had substituted boun-
| ties to sugar planters, decreasing revenue and
increasing expenditure, thus burning the can-
dle at both ends and mdking the people pay at
least for the alleged free breakfast.
So far as revenue to support the government
is concerned the Demagratic party, with but a
slender majority in the senate, was not long
providing it, and had not the supreme court of
the United States reversed its settled doctrine
of one hundred years the income tax incorpo-
rated in i bill would long since have
abundantly Supplied it.
The Republican party has now renounced the
creed of its platform and of our national
pledges, and presented to the country the issue
of higher taxes, more bonds“and less money.
It has proclaimed =+ last, throwing away the
disguises, the British gold standard. We can
oifly expect, should they succeed, my country.
e keynote for sil- |
Do not for- |
| men, a specimen of panic and along protracted
| period of depression. Do not ask us, then, to
join them in any of their propositions. Least
of all ask us not to join them upon the money
question and fight a sham battle over settled
tariff, for the money question is the paramount
issue before the American people, and it in-
volves true Americanism more than any eco-
nomic issue that ever was presented to a presi-
dent at a presidential election.
No authority has ever been conferred by
congress for the issue of any bonds payable in
gold, but distinctly rcfused. The specie re-
sumption of 1875 gave the surplus revenue in
the treasury, not gold only, the money of re-
demption. Provision mado by the Bland act of
1878 added to our circulation some $350,000,000
of standard silver money, or paper based upon
it, and all that mass of silver money is
tained at a parity with gold by nothing what-
ever on earth but the silver in it and the legal
tender functions imparted to it by law. We
have no outstanding obligations in the United
States except the small sum of $44,000,000 of
gold certificatqs which are specifically payable
in gold, ard they, of course, should be so paid.
As we have $20,000,000,000 of public and ‘private
debt, it would take more than three times all
the gold in this country to pay even one year's
interest upon it.
‘We pray you, no more makeshifts and strad-
dles. Vex not the country with your proph-
ecies of smooth things to come from the Brit-
ish-Republican propaganda. The fact that the
Eyropean nations are going to the gold stan-
dard renders it all the moreimpracticable that
we should do so, for the limited stock of gold
in the world would have longer division and a
smaller share for each nation.
Instead of increasing wages, this policy has
further decreased them. Instead of multiply-
ing opportunities for employment, this policy
has multiplied idlers. Instead of increasing
the prices of our produce, this policy has low-
ered them, and it is estimated at about 15 per
cent. in three years. Instead of reviving confi-
dence, this policy has banished confidence. In-
stead of bringing relief it has brought years of
misery, and for this reason, it has contracted
the currency of the United States $4 a head for
every man, woman and child since Nov. 1, 1893.
The public revenues have fallen, wages of labor
have fallen and everything on the face of the
| earth has fallen except taxes and debts, which
| have grown in burden, while on the other hand
| the means of their liquidation has been dimin-
ished. ;
But the people now do well know that the
| conspiracy of European monarchs, led by Great
Britain, has for its purpose a war upon Amer-
ican silver money. With their credit they seek
to enhance the purchasing power of thousands
and millions which is owed to them all over the
world and which you owe to them. They draw
upon the United States of America for their
food supplies and raw material, and they seek
to get it for the least money.
No nation calls itself free and independent
| that is not great enough to establish and main-
tain a financial system of its own. The pretense
that this, the foremost, richest and most power-
ful nation of the world cannot coin its own
money without suing for an international
agreement at the courts of European autoerats
| who have none but primary interests to sub-
serve, has for many years been held out at
every presidential election. To wait longer
upon them is to ignore the interests of our own
people and degrade our national dignity and to
| our folly.
The majority of this convention maintain
that this great American nation,with a natural
base of fixed empire, the greatest ever estal-
lished by man, with more territory and more
productive energy than Great Britain, France
and Germany combined, without dependence
upon European nations for anything that they
| produce, and with European nations dependent
upon much that we produce, is fully capable of
| restoring this constitutional money system of
gold and silver at equality with each other.
And as our fathers in 1776 declared our na-
tional independence of all the world, so today
| has the great Democratic party appeared here
in Chicago to declare the financial independence
| of the United States of all other nations.
It Declares for Free Silver and the In-
come Tax.
CHICAGO, July 8.—The committee on
platform met immediately after the ad-
journment of the resolutions committee,
and were at work until long after mid-
‘night. The platform as finally agreed
‘upon by the majority is in substance as
Recognizing that the money question is
paramount to all others at this time, we
‘invite attention to the fact that the fed-
eral constitution names silver and gold to-
| gether as the money metals of the United
' States, and that the first coinage law
passed by congress under the constitution
made the silver dollar the unit of value,
and admitted gold to free coinage at a ra-
' tio measured by the silver dollar unit.
‘We declare that the act of 1873 demone-
tizing silver without the knowledge or ap-
proval of the American people has re-
sulted in the appreciation of gold and a
corresponding fall in the prices of com-
modities produced by the people; a heavy
increase in the burden of taxation and of
all debts, public and private; the. enrich-
ment of the money lending classesat home
and abroad; paralysis of industry and im-
poverishment of the people.
‘We are unalterably opposed to the single
gold standard which has locked fast the
prosperity of an industrious people in the
paralysis of hard times. Gold monometal-
lism is a British policy founded upon Brit-
ish greed for gain and power, and its gen-
eral adoption has brought other nations
into financial servitude to London. It is
not only un-American butanti-American,
| and it can be fastened upon the United
States only by the stifling of that indom-
itable spirit and love of liberty which pro-
claimed our political independence in 1776
| and won it in the war of the revolution.
We demand the immediate restoration
of the free and unlimited coinage of gold
and silver ut the present lezal ratio of 16
to 1, without waiting for the aid or con-
sent of any other nation. We demand
that the standard silver dollar shall be a
full legal tender, equally with gold, for all
debts, public and private, and we favor
such legislation as will prevent the de-
monetization of any kind of legal tender
money by private contract.
‘We are opposed to the issue of interest
bearing bonds of the Uniwed States in
times of peace,and condemn the trafficking
with banking syndicates which, in ex-
{ change for bonds and at an enormous
| profit to themselves,.supply the federal
| treasury with gold to maintain the policy
of gold monometallism.
Congress alo... has the power to coin
and issue money, and President Jackson
declared that this power could not be dele-
gated to corporations or individuals. We
therefore demand that the power to issue
notes be taken from the banks, and that
all paper money shall be issued directly by
the treasury department.
There would have been no deficit in fed-
eral revenue during the last two years but
for the annulment by the supreme court
of the income tax law placed upon the
statute books by a Democratic congress.
The obstruction to an income tux which
the supreme court discovercy in the con-
stitution after it had lain hidden for a
hundred years must be removed. to the
end that accumulated wealth may be made
to bear its just share of the burdens of the
government. We therefore favor an
amendment to the federal constitution
that will permit the levy of an income tax.
We hold that tariff duties should be
levied solely for purposes of revenue, and
that taxation should be limited by the
needs of the government, honestly and
} economically administered. We denounce
advertise to all mankind our impotence and |
as disturbing to business the Republican
threat to restore the McKinley law, which
has been twice condemned by the people
in national elections, and which, enacted
under the false plea of protection to home
industry, proved a prolific breeder of
trusts and monopolies, enriched the few
at the expense of the many, restricted
trade and deprived the producers of the
great American staples of access to their
natural markets.
‘We denounce the profligate waste of the
money wrung from the people by oppres-
sive taxation and the lavish appropria-
tions of recent Republican congresses,
which have kept taxes high while the la-
bor that pays them is unemployed and the
products of the people's toil are depressed
in pricestill they no longer repay the cost
of production. x
We denounce arbitrary interference by
federal authorities in local affairs as a
violation of the constitution of the United
States and. a crime against {ree institu-
tions, and we especially object to govern-
ment by injunction as a new and highly
dangerous form of oppression by which
federal judges, in contempt of the laws of
the states and the rightsof citizens, be-
come at once legislator, judge and execu-
The platform further opposes life tenure
in public service, and declares that no man
should be eligible for a third term as presi-
dent. It is likely that a Cuban resolution
will be added by the general committee
A minorif report will be presented.
Hill Receives Six Votes in the
Committee on Organization.
CHICAGO, July 8.-—The committee on
permanent organization met in the Col-
iseum immediately after the adjournment
of the convention. ‘General E. B. Finley,
of Ohio, was made chairman and J. P.
Brown, of Georgia, secretary. A recess
was then taken and the silver men retired
and held a caucus, at which the perma-
nent organization was fully agreed upon.
The committee then adjourned until 8
o'clock, when it reconvened at the Sher-
man House. In the evening the silver
slate went through as follows: Permanent
chairman, Stephen M. White of California;
sergeant-at-arms. John I. Martin of Mis-
| souri; secretary, Thomas J. Cogan of Cin-
cinnati; assistant secretary; Lcuis D.
Hersheimer cf Chicago ;- reading clerk, E.
B. Wade of Tennessee.
The name of Senator Hill, of New York,
was presented by the gold men for perma-
nent chairman, and he received six votes
to thirty-three for Senator White. Tha re-
mainder of the organization as preseited
by the silver people went through Ly ac-
clamation, the gold men making no nom-
| inations. Judze Prentiss, of Illincis, was
he chairman of the silver caucus.
There ig little chance in the situation as
to candidates. Bland still ha ‘rong
lead, but the possibility of 2il sorts of
complications whi®h™ may blociide his
way to the coveted prize have innde his
followers anxious, and the talk of abrogat-
ing the two-thirds rule in his interest has
been revived. There is, of course, the
natural disposition to crowd on to the
band wagon. but the calmest observers
cannot yet figure out how he can win.
They still look for Boies or a dark horse.
The use which the gold contingent will
make of their votes complicates the situa-
tion, and many believe that, in the present
disorganized condition of the silver men
as to a candidate, the gold men can force
a compromise. Stevenson is most promi-
nently spoken of in this connection. To
plans in this regard theo {«miich murstery.
the silver men intend to huld a caucus as
soon as a deadlock develops.
The gold men held a meeting last nicht
and adopted a resolution that exch dele-
gate select a man to return to his state,
get the views of his party. and report back
| to the chairman of the meeting, Senator
Gray. This may mean a bolt. There were
150 delegates at the meeting. Every sug-
gestion of a bolt was received with ap-
Six United States Senators Assist in Con-
es structing the Platform. .
CHicaGo, July 8.—The committee on
resolutions met last night at the Palmer
House. Senator White, of California, was
| elected chairnian of the committee. Be-
fore he could take the chair a committee
zation called upon him and notified him
of his selection for permanent chairman
of the convention. Senator White accepted
the permanent chairmanship, and, return-
ing to the room of the committee on reso-
lutions, stated that it would be impossible
for him to act as permanent chairman if
the convention should ratify the choice of
the committee on permanent organization
to serve as chairman of the committee on
resolutions. Senator James K. Jones, of
Arkansas, was then chosen chairman of
the committee on resolutions.
A sub-committee of nine was appointed
to draft a platform of principles and re-
port to the full comMittee today. Mr. Mec-
Dermott, of New Jersey. wanted the sub-
committee instructed to take no action on
finance, and made a vigorous gold speech,
in which he intimated that New Jersey’s
d legation would bolt or refuse to support
a silver candidate or platform. Senator
‘White responded hotly, saying: ‘Let the
traitors secede if they want to. The ma-
jority of the party is here with a fixed pur-
pose, and determined to carry it out.”
The following gentlemen were appointed
as the sub-committee: Senators J. K.
Jones of Arkansas, F. M. Cockrell of Mis-
souri, J. Z. George of Mississi ppi, Ben. T.
Tillman of South Carolina, D. B. Hill of
New York and George Gray of Delaware;
Hon. John E. Russell of Massachusetts,
N. E. Worthington of Illinois and Mr-
| Owen of Indian Territory.
At the meeting of the-committee on cre-
‘dentials last night it was voted to seat the
four contesting silver delegates from Mich-
igan. As Michigan has enforced the unit
rule this will make its delegation solid for
Convention’s Second Day.
After a Long Wrangle the Majority Report of the
Credential Committee was Adopted.—Many Tur-
bulent Scenes.—There Were Speeches Without
Number and Many Without Reason—The Bands
nations yet Made.
CHICAGO, Ill., July S.—After passing
| through a listless morning session, the
| Democratic national convention witnessed
| two scenes to-night which compensated
| those whose pent-up feelings had heen giv- |
| en no vent in the earlier part of the day.
| Men and women joined in the demonstra-
| tion for each of the contending factions of
| the democracy. They shouted and cheered
| sang and stamped, and fairly turned the
| convention hall into a pandemonium.
| It was during the roll call of states on a
| motion to adopt the minority report of the
| committee on credentials that both demon-
| strations occurred. The majority, of the
| committee had submitted a report unseat-
from the committee on permanent organi- |
Played Frequently to Drown the Noise.—No Nomi-
ing members of the Michigan gold delega-
tion and providing that silver contestants
should take their places. Chairman Dan-
iel had put the question on the adoption of
the minority reports and the voting by
states was proceeding with comparative
quiet and some prosiness. When New
York was reached Chairman Hinckley’s
large frame loomed up under the little ban-
neret that indicated the loyalty of the Em-
pire state Democrats. There was a silence
for a brief second ; then Mr. Hinckly’s
voice rang out ; ‘‘New York casts her sev-
enty-two votes—aye.”’ §
A great cheer went up from all parts of
the hall. The delegates on the floor led
the applause. Some of them rose to their
feet to give better space for the display of
gymnastics which their enthusiasm forced
upon them. A man among the inspectors
rose and waved his hat and in an instant the
audience was up, seemingly en masse, and
people were cheering like madmen.
Things began to quiet down after a few
minutes, but the playing of the band
broke in as though it were intended as a
signal to refiew the applause. Up again
came the eastern delegates and up came the
spectators. In the midst of ‘the New York
seats a bearded man jumped on a chair and
‘waved his hat. He shouted something to
his fellow-delegates and nearly every man
among the New Yorkers leaped to his feet,
many standing on their chairs and shouting
like men gone wild in delirious joy. The
leader of this feature of the demonstration
was Hugh J. Grant, ex-mayor of New
York. Swaying back and forth, one hand
holding his hat in the air, the other waving
colleagues and spectators to their feet, he
looked the impersonation of a leader.
Those tiers of men and women packed
closely together in the great temporary
temple of democracy immediately respond-
“Up, up,” was the cry of the New York
men. ‘Up, up,’’ cried the delegates pledged
to gold. *‘Up, up,’” hecame the slogan of
the vast multitude and soon delegates on
the floor, and many thousands who came
to see and not to act were jumping, yelling,
waving and doing every other thing that
excited men ever do to show the trend of
their feelings.
Whenever there was the slightest incli-
nation toward a cessation of the cheering
the Tammany yell went up and the vol-
ume of sound swelled to its fullest again.
In that mysterious and indefinable manner
| which all those who have seen a great dem-
onstration of this sort can appreciate, cheer-
ing suddenly decreased in volumn and
| seemed to be dying away. But Hugh
Grant knew ‘his subjects and through his
lips came the name of David B. Hill,
| shouted with all the lung power at his
{ecommand. ‘‘Hill, Hill, David B. Hill,”
became the cry of thousands who had a
moment before shown signs of abating en-
thusiasm. Up again came delegates and
audience, every man and woman shouting
| the name of the New York manager. So
great became the volume of sound and so
widespread the confusion, that Grant,
Hinckley and the man who was the object
of it all—David B. Hill—who had sat
quietly and calmly in his chair while the
tumult raged, finally appealed by voice
| and gesture for quiet and order. But they
| might as well have urged to attempt to
subdue so many Comanche Indians and
though things became quieter for an in-
stant when Chairman Daniel endeavored
to make a statement, the multitude seem-
ed only to gain greater vehemence by their
brief pause and yelled and waved with
such heartiness that the demonstration
went beyond its former bounds.
Governor Altgeld arose to speak, but he
| was shouted down and hisses commingled
with the shouting. Grant and the New
| York leaders used their efforts to stay the
tumult, and little by little they gained their
| object until such order was restored as en-
| abled the chairman to make an appeal for
quiet. :
The second demonstration was a repeti-
| tion of the first and was intended as the
| counter charge of the silver men. They
| found their cue in the announcement of the
| vote which showed that the minority or
| gold report of the credentials committee
| had heen rejected and again- pandemonium
| reigned. A Bland banner and a Bland
band kept the enthusiasm from flagging
and coats were taken off and waved wildly,
newspapers and hats were thrown in the
air, and a scene of wildest confusion fol-
lowed the playing of ‘‘Dixie.”’
Beyond these scenes there was little of
interest that occurred in the convention
hall. The morning session passed in a
weary wail for the committee on creden-
tials to report, and an adjournment was
taken until 5 o'clock.
At the evening session nothing was
accomplished except the adoption of
the report of that committee, seating
delegates from Nebraska and Michigan
and giving the silver men greater control.
At 9:38 it was decided not to attempt the
adoption of the platform to-night and an
adjournment was taken until to-morrow
morning at 10 o’clock.
The resolutions committee has been called
to meet again to-morrow morning when
further changes 1. the platform are ex-
spected to be made.
CHICAGO, July 9th; at 10:48 a. m.—The
convention was called to order, with only
part of the delegates in their seats. Sena-
tor Jones, of Arkansas, presents the report
of the committee on platform : the various
points of which are cheered. :
10:48—the committee on platform have
added an anti-A. P. A. plank and resolu-
tion granting civil and religious liberty to
every citizen.
11.09—A minority report of committee
on resolutions will be presented by Sena-
tor Hill, in which strong exception of the
silver coinage plank is taken and will con-
tain strong endorsement of President
Cleveland. : :
11:22—Senator Jones announces that
there will be one hour and twenty minutes
given cach side for debate.
11:23—The clerk is reading the minority
report. Senator Hill speaks to it in turn.
11.25—The minority report advocating
that all money be kept at parity with gold,
loudly cheered. :
11.26.—The plank endoising the present
administration, loudly cheered. Many
delegates and a large part of the audience
on their feet. Chairman rapping for order.
11.29—Tillman, of South Carolina, of-
| fering an amendment and is to speak for
| 15 minutes.
| 11 31—Tillman received with cheers and
hisses which continue.
11 34—Tillman speaking in favor of
| minority report. Refers to the way lying
| néwspapers have misrepresented him hy
{calling him “The pitchfork man from
| South Carolina.’” [Cheers and laughter]
| His reference that he came from the land
| of secession causes hissing, which he re-
| bukes as an insult to South Carolina. He
| says we are to inaugurate a war to liberate
| the white slaves. [Cheers]. He says he
cannot say whether he is a representative
of the entire South, cries of No! No ! and