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Democratic Ja TH. The Three Native Races that Inhabit the Country.—
hg ~~ The Bushmen, the Hottentots, and the Bantus or
Bellefonte, Pa., June 12, 1896.
—Pull the weeds out of the strawberry
rows by hand, while the ground is damp
and soft, which will facilitate picking the
berries from the vines.
—Tt is claimed that by painting peach
and apple trees with white paint (adding a
little carbolic acid), the borer will be re-
pelled from the trees. or
—A sheep-grower says that'\hen lambs
are tormented with ticks they will drop
down on the ground and try to bite their
bellies and flanks in the most frantic fash-
—When the borer gets into a peach tree
run a piece of wire into the bore and kill it.
It may also be nesessary to use a knife, but
if so never cut across the tree, hut follow
the bark up and down.
—1It is said that sulphur applied to the
shoulders of horses that have collar boils
will cause boils to disappear. It is better,
however, to prevent sore shoulders by hav-
ing well-fitting collars.
—The Vermont station kills potato bugs
with a mixture of one pound Paris green
to 100 pounds land plaster, all costing 65
cents, while 100 pounds of patent bug
remedies cost $5 and up.
—Those who use London purple and
Paris green on potatoes should be careful
and apply only a sufficient quantity for the
purpose. The tendency-is to use too much
which injures the vines.
—Cabbages may be set out at any time.
Early plants should have been transplant-
ed a month ago, but those put out now will
come in for a medium supply, the late va-
rieties being preferred for winter.
—Early in the morning look over the
squash vines and pick off the squash bugs.
It is claimed that tobacco refuse placed
around the vines is a preventive of the at-
tacks of squash bugs, but there is no sure
remedy except to destroy them by hand.
—Kindness to stock, besides being right
in itself, pays in dollars and cents. A suc-
cessful breeder of driving horses says his
success has been very largely due to the
fact that he never allows a blow or a cross-
word in the stableyard or pasture.
—1Tt is better to cut hay a little too early
than to allow the grass to ripen the seeds.
When hay is cut at a late stage of its
growth more indigestible matter will be
contained in it, and what may be gained in
its weight is lost by the proportion that is
—The orchard should be cultivated regu-
larly. It is the rule among experienced
peach growers to cultivate a peach orchard
in the same manner as if required for corn.
Weeds and grass in a peach orchard soon
show the effects of the competition for
—Celery should have rich ground, and it
is useless to use any but well-rotted ma-
nure on the crop. A few rows of celery in
the 1 will not be regretted later. One
of the hist liquids for celery is soadsuds,
which feems to give excellent results on
both celery and asparagus.
—The tomato is subject to blight, rot,
leaf spot, and to insects. Use the Bor-
deaux mixture on the plants. It is neces-
sary to carefully look over the plants daily,
as they are subject to the attacks of potato
beetles. Use nitrate of soda to give them
a quick start in growth.
—The quantity of salt that cattle may
need must be left to them, for the amount
varies in different foods and in foods grown
from different soils ; but it must be artifi-
cially supplied, because itis an essential
constituent of the blood, and because it is
lacking in many of the common foods.
—Frequent cultivation is important, as
every rain that falls beats down the dry
earth and permits the capillary tubes to
open at the ends, hence the time to culti-
vate is after every rain, which not only re-
news the covering of dry earth, but also
destroys the young weeds which are induc-
ed to germinate by the rains.
—Wet land is always cold below the sur-
face. Tile drains not only permit water to
pass down, but the warm air follows as the
water is lowered in the soil, hence the
drainage of land not only dries it but per-
mits warmth also to enter, as well as ren-
dering such soils susceptible to cultivation
nearly as soon as other lands.
—Potato beetles will leave potato plants
to feast upon egg-plant. In fact, they pre-
fer eggplants to all other foods, and attack
them at all stages of growth. It is not
unusual to find eggplants completely eaten
in two or three hours after they were put
out in the open ground. For family use it
is best to grow but three or four plants,
and watch them carefully’
—A hard-working animal is always thin
and requires more food to support it than
does one in idleness, because the muscles
and the fat are consumed in heat produc-
tion. This heat passes off through the
skin and leaves the body at a normal tem-
perature. If this escape is arrested fever
follows : If it escapes too rapidly, chill and
its consequences follow.
—At a recent New York horticultural
meeting Professor Lodefnan explained that
the black knots on plum and cherry trees
produce two crops of spores, one it January
and February and another early in sum-
mer. After that the old knots are harm-
less. Spraying with Bordeaux mixture is
a safe remedy, but the knots should be cut
out in the fall and also in the spring.
—When a tree is allowed to bear a full
crop of apples it costs the tree more to pro-
duce the seeds than the pulp.
ple left on the tree, whether the fruit is
good or not, taxes the tree and the land.
If one half of the fruit of a heavily-laden
tree is removed by picking, the remaining
fruit will be of better quality and also pro-
duce as many bushels as though all of the
fruit had remained on the tree.
—The lack of song birds is due to their
destruction by cats to a large extent. Cats
not only catch the parent birds on the
ground, but destroy young birds in the
nests. Wren boxes, placed against barns,
where the cats cannot reach them, and
with openings not larger than an inch in
diameter, will induce wrens to remain, but
if cats are numerous many of the wrens will
be caught on the ground.
—Those who desire to grow a few melons
will find the Dixie an excellent variety, be-
ing of superior quality and making strong
and vigorous. vines... Of the cantaloup
varieties there are none superior to the
Emerald Gem. For the later kind the
Hackensack will be found excellent. Most
of the varieties introduced are valued large-
ly for their shipping qualities. For family
use, quality only should he considered.
Kafirs—These Last are Much Above the Level of the
Others. . :
‘When the Dutch fixed their first post at
Cape Town, in 1652, with no thought eith
er of colonization or of conquest, but for
the sake of having gardens which could
supply fresh vegetables to the scurvy-
stricken crews of their ships sailing to the
East, they found three native races inhabit-
ing the country. One of these, the Bush-
men, though few In numbers, were widely
scattered over the whole of South Africa.
They were nomads of almost the lowest
kind, with a marvelous faculty for track-
ing and trapping wild animals, but neither
owning cattle nor tilling the soil, with
scarcely even a tribal organization, no re-
ligion, and a language consisting of a suc-
cession of clicks. Unable to accustom
themselves. to civilized life, driven out of
some districts by the settlers, and in others
no longer able to find support, owing to
the extinction of game, they are now al-
most extinet, though a few are still left in
the desert of the Kalahari and northern
Bechuanaland. Before many years the
only trace of their existence will be in the
remarkable drawings of animals with
which they delighted to cover the smooth
surfaces of rocks. These drawings, which
are found all the way from the Zambesi to
to the Cape, and from Maniacland to the
Atlantic, are executed in red and yellow
pigments, and are often full of spirit and
The second race was that which the
Dutch called Hottentot. They were of a
reddish or yellowish black hue, taller than
the Bushmen, but with squat and seldom
muscular figures—a thoughtless, cheerful,
easy-going people, who roved hither and
thither with their flocks and herds as they
could find pasture. They were decidedly
superior to the Bushmen, whom they hated,
but quite unable to withstand Europeans,
and their numbers rapidly declined, partly
from the loss of their best grazing grounds,
but largely, alse, through epidemic dis-
eases, and especially smallpnx, which ships,
touching on their way from India, brought’
into the country. They are now, as a dis-
tinct race, almost extinct in the Colony,
though a good deal of their blood has passed
into the mixed black population of Cape
Town and its neighborhood—a population
the other elements of which are Malays
and west-coast negroes, the descendants of
slaves imported in the last century. Farth-
er north, on the south side of the Orange
River, and beyond it in Namagualand,
small tribes cognate to the Hottentots still
wander over the dreary plains.
Very different from these weak Bushmen
and Hottentots was, and is, the third na-
tive race, those who are called Bantu (a
word meaning ‘‘people’’) by themselves
and Kafirs by Europeans. The word Kafir
is Arabic, and means an infidel (literally,
“one who denies’’). It is applied by
Mussulmans not merely to these South
Africans, but to other heathen ; as, for in-
stance, by the Afghans to the idolaters of
Kafiristan, in the Hindu-Kush Mountains.
The Portuguese probably took the name
from the Arabs, whom they found already
settled on the east coast. These Bantu
tribes—if we may class those as Bantus
who speak languages of what is called the
Bantu type—fill all East Africa from the
regions of the Upper Nile southward.
Those who dwell south of the Zambesi
are generally strong and well-made men,
sometimes as black asa Gulf of Guinea
negro, sometimes verging on a brown tint ;
and though they have the woolly hair and
thick lips generally characteristic of : the
negro, individuals are often found among
themgwhose cast of features suggests an
admixture of Semitic blood. ey are
more prolific than the Hottentots, as well
as physically strongerand better made, and
they were further advanced in the arts of
life. Some of the tribes dug out and work-
ed iron and copper ; all of them used iron.
Their chief wealth lay in their cattle ;
horses they did not possess, but where the
land was fit for tillage they cultivated it.
They had no religion, except in a sort of
magic, and that worship of the ghosts of
ancestors which seems to be the most wide-
ly diffused of all human superstitions. In-
stead of a priesthood, there were wizards or
medicine-men, often powerful as the de-
nouncers of those whom the chief wished
to put to death. Intellectually they were
very much upon the level of the native
races of West Africa.—( ‘Impressions of
South Africa,’’ by James Bryce, M. P., in
the June Century.
Dont’s For the Summer Girl.
Don’t use slang.
Don’t chew gum in company.
Don’t affect a mannish gait.
Don’t talk loud for the benefit of those
Don’t think to be up-to-date means to be
Don’t imagine when a man stares at you
that he is necessarily admiring you.
Don’t talk about people who are pres-
ent ; indeed, it is safer not to talk about
people at all.
Don’t, when you are with a man, walk
two paces in advance of him ; you don’t
want your escort to be taken for a lackey.
Don’t stop talking and stare when a
celebrity or a particularly well dressed
woman passes ; cultivate the art of seeing
——This Congress has not only appropri-
ated more money outright for ordinary ex-
penditure for the next fiscal year than was
ever appropriated by any of its predecessors,
but it has mortgaged the future revenues
to the extent of $90,000,000 for work to be
contracted for, which is to be paid for out
of the revenues of coming years. The total
of expenditure will he $610,000,000. This
is a stupendous sum. It would be an ob-
eot lesson worth while if the teachers in
the public schools should ask their pupils
to show in detail the amount of the ex-
penditure involved per month, per day,
per hour'and per minute. In that way the
mind could be better enabled to grasp the
staggering aggregate. In that way also the
toiling millions might more clearly under-
| stand the strain that is put on the produc-
tive capacity of this great nation by reck-
less extravagance.—Phila. Record.
——The victory for Sound Money in the
Democratic State Convention of South
Dakota on Wednesday last was all the more
welcome because unexpected, as it had
been thought that the convention would
declare overwhelmingly for silver. And
thus South Dakota, from her peaks and
buttes, makes answer to the granite crests
of New Hampshire, and joins her voice in
rebuke of the selfish sectional spirit which,
if allowed to have its way, would rule the
country—and ruin it.
——Make it a point to see that your
blood is purified, enriched and vitalized at
this season with Flood’s Sarsaparilla.
Death of a Gypsy Queen.
Remarkable Career Ended in an Old Town in Con-
An extraordinary life was ended by the
death of Mrs. Victoria Williams, the
“gypsy princess,”’ widow of Prince Wil-
liams, the noted horse trader and supposed
gypsy. Born on the day that Queen Vie-
toria was crowned, the woman obtained
her name from that coincidence. Left
motherless in early infancy, she was
brought to this country when but three
months old. She was taken to an ancestral
plantation, just out of Raleigh, N. C., and
brought up among the semi-feudal hospi-
tality of country life in the Carolinas in
antebellum days. In 1854, when only 16,
she married a wandering hofse-trader, who
was engaged in ‘‘swapping’’ northern
horses for Carolina mules at figures not
unprofitable to himself. This was Thomas
Williams, later known to horsemen in
every state east of the Mississippi as
“Prince’” Williams. The courtship was
only two weeks long. The two had lived
almost in a stone’s throw of each other in
Devonshire, England, but owing to the ex-
treme youth of Victoria, when she left the
old country, they had never met.
For some years after marriage they lived
a wild, nomadic, happy-go-lucky life.
They traveled through the south with a
string of all sorts and conditions of equine
flesh. Theirs was a healthy, out-door, easy-
going life. - Fish in every brook, game in
“every stretch of forest, was the rule in
those early days. An occasional tussle
with a panther, pistol practice at rattlers
and moccasins, a battle now and then with
a ‘gator, made things lively in the pine
woods and hammocks. Plantation melo-
dies sped the evening hours. Easy sales to
wealthy customers kept the treasury full,
and Mrs. Williams’s recollectionspf her
life in the south made it couleur d’or as
well as couleurde rose.
Early in the war the federal authorities
put the ‘‘prince’’ in charge of the pur-
chasing of Canadian horses for a cavalry re-
cruiting camp, near Buffalo. His right
bower was the ‘‘princess,’” whose eye in
judging horse flesh was second only to his
—and that was infallible. Five thousand
horses are said to have passed through their
‘hands while they were at the station.
Then back to the.old wandering life.
Later they had their headquarters near
New Haven. In 1885 the ‘‘princess’’ set-
tled down and bought the Farmers’ hotel
property, on the bridge road, in east Hart-
ford, Conn. The antiquated hostelry had
heen a hotbed of local thugs, bnt these the
old man sent flying. He improved the
buildings, and in time made his stables the
best known in this part of Connecticut.
Not the least among the deeds of the
couple was the rearing of 14 children, 8 of
whom are now living—Martha, William,
Richard, Amelia, Beiche, Noah, Lisbeth,
and Tearcy. The prince and his second
child, George Washington, are buried in
the Center cemetery, in the shadow of a
granite horse erected as a monument by
the “prince” two years before his death.
By their side the wife and mother was laid
Meeting of the Sub-Committee.
CHICAGO, June 1.—A meeting of the
sub-committee was held at the auditorium
annex this afternoon for the purpose of re-
ceiving from the local committee $11,000,
the balance of the $40,000 pledged by Chi-
cago to secure the convention in that city,
and arranging the details of the coming
To a reporter chairman Harrity said that
if a silver plank was put in the platform
he would accept it as the will of a majority
of the party and would stand by it.
“It is my belief,”” he continued, ‘‘that
the entire delegation from Pennsylvania
will do the same. All the talk that has
been indulged in to the effect that the
honest money majority of the national
committee will exercise its power to un-
seat delegations is out of place. I still
hope and believe that there will be a ma-
jority of sound money delegates in the con-
vention, but I am ready to admit that the
silver sweep in Kentucky changes matters
and reduces my hopes. It will likely have
some effect upon the States that have not
yet spoken in favor of the white metal.”
Total Fatalities, 490.
St. Louis, June 1.—The footway qver
the Eads bridge was practically ready for
pedestrians this afternoon, and the drive-
way for wagons will be ready by to-morrow
or next day. The electric line over the
bridge will not be ready for traffic for sev-
eral days yet, but trains will run over the
bridge every twenty minutes. At2 o'clock
this after the Chronicle compiled the follow-
ing tables as the latest list of fatalities :
Known dead in St. Louis, 196 ; unknown
dead in St. Louis, 8 ; fatally injured ‘in
St. Louis, 18 ; missing in St. Louis, 118 ;
known dead in East St. Louis, 145 ; un-
known dead in East St. Louis, 3 ; fatally
injured in East St. Louis, 2 ; total fatal-
ities, 490. -
——The establishment of the Pennsyl-
vania Epileptic Hospital and Colony Farm
under private auspices is now so far ad-
vanced that provision has been made for
the erection of buildings in the country
through the liberality of Mr. Henry C. Lea,
who will contribute $50,000 for that pur-
pose. No charitable undertaking in Pgnn-
sylvania is more deserving of aid than pro-
vision for the care of epileptics. It is a
matter of such general concern that the
State Legislature should long ago have
forestalled private beneficence by an ap-
propriation of money adequate to the needs
of poor epileptics who are now kept in
hospital and alms-houses which are adapted
neither for their care nor cure.
——The Coliseum at Chicago is reported
ready for the Democratic national conven-
tion in advance of the time promised. The
total seating capacity is 15,000, which is
some 5,000 less than that of the wigwam
where Cleveland was nominated four years
ago. One noticeable feature of the build-
ing is an immense reception hall 250 feet
square, the western side of which will be
lined with refreshment stands.
——Almost forgotten now in the whirl
of events, yet the loss of life officially stated
in the Moscow calamity of a week ago is
put at 3,873, with 4,000 persons injured.
It takes rank with the world’s greatest
disasters, and isillustrative of the stupidity
of mankind in the mass when driven wild
by a sudden and causeless craze.
——Even the funerals in Washington are
‘““fast.”” The other day a carriage in a
funeral procession ran into another vehicle
and smashed it all to pieces and nearly
killed a man who was in it.
ap isn’t as big a chump as he
looks ; he sense enough at least, to be
among the first to en passage -on the
seat with the driver of the band wagon.
Lectures for Farmer’s Institutes.
HARRISBURG, June 3.—The department
of agriculture will furnish two lecturers to
each county in the State for Farmers’ in-
stitutes during the season of 1896-7. There
will be eight days of institutes in Craw-
ford county ; six in Allegheny, Butler, In-
diana, Mercer and Erie; five in Armstrong,
Bedford ; Fayette, Samerset, Washington,
Westmoreland and Clarion ; four in Bea-
ver, Blair, Cambria, Centre, Greene, Hunt-
ingdon, Lawrence, Clearfield, Jefferson and
Venango ; three in McKean ; two in Elk
Two Ways to Start a Conversation
The hostess hunted up the host and
whispered to him anxiously :
‘“The reception’s a dead failure. Every-
body is sitting as mute as a statue. No-
body is talking to anybody else.’’
“What do you suggest ?’’. he asked in re-
ply. ‘‘Shall we get some one to play the
piste or shall we starta few games of
Crops in Pennsylvania.
WASHINGTON, May - 19th.—The weekly
telegraphic bulletin of the weather bureau
as to the condition of the crops in the sever-
al states was issued to-day as follows:
Pennsylvania —Timely showers in some
section but more badly needed ; crops at a
Children Cry for Pitcher’s Castoria.
When baby was sick, we gave her Castoria,
When she was a Child, she cried for Castoria,
When she became a Miss, she clung to Castoria,
When she had Children, she gave them Castoria.
oes; PAILS, WASH RUBBERS,
BROOMS, BRUSHES, BASKETS.
SECHLER & CO.
ue COAST LINE TO MACKINAC.—
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TOLEDO, DETROIT ax» MACKINAC
PETOSKY, ‘‘THE 800,”” MARQUETTE, AND DULUTH.
Low Rates to Picturesque Mackinac and Re-
turn, including Meals and Berths. From Cleve-
land, $18 ; from Toledo, $15; from Detroit, $13.50.
BETWEEN DETROIT AND CLEVELAND
Connecting at Cleveland with Earliest Trains
for all points East, South and Southwest and at
Detroit for all points North and Northwest.
Sunday Trips June, July, August and September
EVERY DAY BETWEEN
CLEVELAND, PUT-IN-BAY AND TOLEDO
Send for Illustrated Pamphlet. Address
A. A. SCHANTZ, G. P. A., DETROIT, MICH.
THE DETROIT AND CLEVELAND STEAM
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FOR SUMMER, ——
—NEW HARNESS FOR SUMMER,—
FLY-NETS FOR SUMMER,
DUSTERS FOR SUMMER,
WHIPS FOR SUMMER,
All combined in an immense Stock of Fine
Snow IS THE TIME FOR BARGAINS......
THE LARGEST STOCK OF HORSE
COLLARS IN THE COUNTY.
. BELLFONTE, PA.
A 0N IN COOKING
tolenc® and steer's head in cotton-plant wreath—on
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