Newspaper Page Text
BY P. GRAY MEEK.
—Opysters are all anymore, still yet.
—Kentucky has been heard from
again, only this time it was Governor
BrowN’s son and not old BRECKIN-
—1It is illegal to catch trout at any
time except from April 15th to July
15th. Some . fishermen even observe
the law between these dates.
—The doctors are said to bury their
mistakes, those of the lawyer find hiding
behind prison bars, but the poor editors
ususlly pay for theirs in libel suit
—But one button will need bust from
the bloomers, that the coming woman
will wear, until it is proclaimed through
all creation, that the “coming woman”
—The McQuowx five year text book
bill was defeated on fiual passage in the
House at Harrisburg on Tuesday.
What a blessing to both Mr. McQUOwN
and the public.
—The silver craze has struck the
South and West so hard that the gold
people say the whole region has wheels
in its head. It would seem better to
have them in pockets.
—All the miners in the Pocahontas
region quit work on Tuesday and a big
strike is likely to ensue. Philipsburg
editors Kinsrot and WILLIAMS ought
to move down to Blue Fleld and decide
where the fault lies.
—Bills to stop the use of school
houses for election purpcses and to pro-
hibit the killing of quail in this State for
a period of five years passed the House
finally on Wednesday. The former of
questionable benefit, the latter, a good
—The fact that we lead the world on
paper should not be construed to mean
that we surpass all others in such flimsy
way of doing business. It simply means
that the out put of American paper
mills is the cheapest product of its kind
on the earth. Several of the largest
London papers are printed on it.
—The pompous little Spanish Jacka®
nape has climbed down from his high
horse and bowed in humble apology to
Uncle Say, for having fired on one of
his merchant vessels off the coast of
Cuba. Tt takes considerable pulling at
his tail feathers to get the American
eagle riled, but when he once gets to
—A few more puffs like HALSTEAD
gave Hastings in his Brooklyn * Stand-
ard Union last week will put another
horse in the grand presidential race for
96. DAN had better be careful about
running up & lightning rod just at this
time, for should it be struck there
would be great danger of causing &
Standard oil explosion.
—Ten thousand miners are out cn a
strike in the West Virginia coal fields.
Such an announcement coming on the
same day that BELL Lewis & YATES,
and other large Pennsylvania operators,
announce an increase of five cents per
ton in their miner’s wages ought to prove
a finger board to our home coal-fields.
Last year the West Virginia operators
stole our trade while we had a strike.
‘Would it not be a good policy to regain
—The Republican Convention will
have four candidates for the Prothono-
tary nomination to please. GRANT
HoovER, formerly of Urion township,
having entered the race with C. F.
DEININGER, of Centre Hall; ABRAHAM
MILLER, of Pleasant Gap and I. H.
CLEMSON, of Benore. Verily the flush
of success last fall has deluded many in-
to rushing into certain destruction.
We don’t like to believe it but, truly, i*
does seem as if “fools rush in where
wise men fear to tread.”
—Oh, that Pennsylvania had a Gov-
ernor like the public spirited fellow who
rules in that office in Bolivia. In view
of hard times he has just reduced his
own salary, as well as those of nine-
teen State officials and has done away
with thirteen offices entirely. How
differently Pennsylvania's executive
acts. He has piled increased salaries,
new departments, new officials and
Standard cil burdens on the people in
such rapid succession that their prostes-
tations have clogged their throats into
silence. until the State stands to-day in
a stupor of amazement.
—-The Auditor's statement of the
borough accounts has just been pub-
lished and it is an interesting document |
to look over. It cost $1085.28 to main-
tain a poor house for a year in order to
keep two paupers. Of course when it is
known that they were fed on strawber-
ries, rabbits, turkeys, oranges, grape
wine and tropical fruits this item of ex-
pense will be heartily approved of by |
many of the tax payers who had to re-
sort to soup-bones in order to subsist and |
hold on to their property during the
hard year just closed. The people in-
sist on being beaten in one way or an-
d A, 7
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
BELLEFONTE, PA.,, MAY 3, 1895.
Their Trouble Will Come Later On.
The pressure of the situation has not
yet compelled the Republican leaders
to show their hands in regard to silver.
That will come later on when the as-
pirants for the Presidency in that
party will be compelled to give some
public sign as to how they stand on
that question. The fact that the
Democrats have control of the govern-
ment and had the congressional re-
sponsibility on their shoulders up to
the 4th of March, necessitated an ear-
lier manifestation in regard to the cur-
rency than has appeared in the Re-
publican ranks. When the latter get
together as the ruling power in the
next Congress then their silver trouble
In the meantime the leaders who
have an eye on the presidential office
maintain a cautious reserve on the
question which. will be the leading one
of the next national contest. McKix-
LEY shies off from silver and wants to
make his fight on the exploded issue
of protection. REep dubiously hints
about hitching the silver and tariff
policies together, but it will be im possi-
ble tor him to keep under cover when
he becomes the leader of the*next
House of Representatives, with the
active silver men pushing the issue.
ALrLisoN, as sly as usual, is pre
pared to perpetrate his accustomed
straddle. HarrisoN pretends to be
entirely candid on the subject, coufi-
dently pointing to a speech he made
sometime ago at Indianapolisin which
he declared for bi-metalism as the cor-
rect system for this country when ap-
proved as a general monetary policy
by an international conference, a con-
tingency which is not likely to occur
very soon snd is giving the gold advo-
cates no immediate alarm. CAMERON
iz the only one of them who isn’t dodg-
ing the silver issue, and it would not
be surprising if he should go openly
into the Pennsylvania State conven:
tion on that issue and carry oft the
Deprived of its tariff ammunition,
and confronted by a question that is
sure to divide its forces, there is a heap
of trouble ahead for the Republican
party in the next presidential contest.
It is amusing to see its organs pretend
to believe that a split on the silver
issue is only in store for the Demo-
State Tax on Beer.
Having run the state finances
ashore, the great minds that are di-
recting the Jawmaking power at Har-
rishurg are looking for new sources of
revenue and are thinking seriously of
adding beer to the taxable commodi-
ties. The new offices they have crea.
ted, and the increase of salaries, will
require more money than an exhausted
treasury can supply, and in such an
emergency what better scheme could be
adopted than to clap a tax of twenty-
four cents on each barrel of beer
brewed in the State? By such av ex-
pedient it is believed that a million
dollars cculd be raised, a sum from
which the official emoluments required
by the increased number of office-hold-
ers may be liberally drawn.
Liquor is a legitimate object of tax-
ation, if kept within reasonable bounds,
but the beer product is a cow that may
be milked too much by the taxing au-
thorities. The general government de-
rives a large portion of its revenue by a
heavy tax on malt liquors, and if the
State also takes 8 hand in taxing the
production of the brewers that class of
producers might justly complain of
having an upequal burden imposed
upon them. . Moreover there would be
the injustice of its being imposed upon
the most popular and least injurious
kind of liquor. :
The State would gain additional
revenue by a beer tax, but the effect
would be anything but a public bene-
fit, as the tendency would be to adul-
terate and deteriorate the quality of the
beer, so as to cheapen it in proportion
to the amount of tax, and as there
would be no diminution of the amount
consumed, the injury to the health of
the consumers would be proportionate
to the adulterdtion.
A reasonable view of the case makes
it plain that the public good would
not be promoted by an additional tax
on malt liquor, even if the Republican
Legislators do find it difficult to raise
the means of paying the increased ex-
penses they have created.
| Arbor day.
Ot the leading nations of the world
France shows the most practical sense
in utilizing silver as money. Instead
of demonetizing that metal, she keeps
a stock of gold and silver available at
the same time, and with excellent re-
sult maintains a silver reserve that is
used to prevent the stock of gold from
This is bi-metalism based on practic-
al principles, Let us see how it
works in comparison with the Ameri
can gold system. We have a gold re-
serve which is maintained only with
more gold obtained by borrowing if the
usual sources of revenue are deficient.
The bank of France, which is the
agent of the government in monetary
matters, has a reserve of $425,000,000
in gold and $250,000,000 in silver.
When the notes of the bank are pre
gented, the holder is required to take a
part in silver. If the amount is large
enough and is eupposed to be intended
for export, the bank will pay only one-
half in gold and the balance in silver.
In this way a run on the gold reserve
is prevented, for parties who might en-
tertain such a design know that they
would have to take as much silver as
gold. The practical effect is to main-
tain the natural relative value of the
two metals as material for monetary
purposes. Silver is not debased and
depreciated by being discriminated
against, and the result is that they
have no trouble on the silver question
It strikes us that if our government
had imitated the French example and
paid part silver to the Shylocks, who
were making a run on the gold re
gerve, it would have stopped them in
short order and greatly simplified the
About the most impudent thing that
ever occurred in the intercourse be-
tween nations is the protest of Russia,
Germany and France against Japan's
taking territory from China. These
protesting nations act in this case as
if they had never been guilty of any
land robbery. Russia has extended
her immense limits by seizing every-
thing within reach. France is grab-
bing territory in Africa and Asia and
is making a shameless effort to appro-
priate Madagascar. Germany takes
her share in the division of Africa, and
after her war with France she did the
very same thing, in holding on to AL-
SACE-LORRAINE, which she protests
against Japan's doing after her war
Singularly enough, old England, the
greatest land-pirate of them all, does
not join in ihe objection to Japan's
despoiling China of her territory. It
is said she has an understanding with
the Japanese government.
There is a rumor that an effort is be-
ing made to induce the United States
to join with England and Japan in
backing the latter against the inter-
terence of Russia, Germany and
France, but although there is no
doubt that the commercial interests of
the world will be promoted by Japan's
maintaining her position, yet it is
against the traditional policy of the
United States to become entangled in
——The State got along very com-
fortably for many years without a
Deputy Auditor General, nor was it
suffering on account of its not having
a railroad bureau in the Department
of Internal Affairs, but bills for the
creation of such offices are before the
House. Itis a remarkable fact that
at a time when money is unusually
scarce in the treasury the law-makers
at Harrisburg discover that the State
is greatly in need of those offices, and
a variety of others more or less orna-
mental and lucrative.
——There was something inspiring
in the sight that was presented in the
capitol grounds at Harrisburg when
the Governor seized a spade and par-
ticipated in the planting of a tree on
But it would have been
more inspiring if he had used his
pruning knife in cutting off the noxious
growth he has allowed to spring up in
the legiclation of the present session.
| Pruning is sometimes as nseful as
Farmers Standing in Their Own Light.
To suit the country members of the
Pennsylvania Legislature, who are de-
luded into believing it the best thing
for their constituents, an embargo was
laid on the sale of oleomargarine in
the State and it threatens to continue
in force. Presumably a bit of benefi-
cial legislation for farmer and dairy-
man ; in truth, a serious blow to the
butter product of both.
There is but one ground upon which
any just objection can be lodged
against the sale of oleomargarine and
that is, selling it as butter. When
dealers sell it for butter they are perpe-
trating a fraud upon purchacers that
should be made punishable as any oth-
er attempt at defrauding is, but further
than that its manufacture and eale
should be as untrammeled as is that
The friends of the bill recently
thought to strengthen their position by
referring it to the State board of Health
and Sanitation for investigation, but
their chagrin must have been almost
commensurate with their presumption
when that body reported that oleomar-
garine is wholesome as a food product.
Add to this the fact that it is far supe-
rior to the poor butter, which too
many people are forced to use, and the
injustice of the legislation against it is
This legislation brings the counter-
feit into competition with the genuine
article in outside markets, where the
latter inevitably loses in the contest.
Though it is not nearly as good as
good butter it is far superior to poor
butter. Would it not happen then
that the sale of oleo in this State
would have a marked tendency to im-
prove the product of dairymen without
doing the slightest injury to the busi-
ness? For who can say that, because
a small percentage of butter makers
are unable to make butter thatis as
palatable and wholesome ag a counter-
feit, the masses should be compelled to |
eat their vile product by legislation de-
Judge Waite, of Indiana county,
was right when he said : “the oleomar- |
garine law is of no benefit to the dairy- | p. 11 the Lancaster Intelligencer
or farmer ¥ ¥ ¥ the multitudi-
nous law-suits are not instituted for |
their protection, but like all similar |
acts where the informer gets a share of |
the fine, it is pretty frequently per-
verted for mercenary purposes and to
the encouragement of disreputable
Why not rescind the law then and
stop this subsidy for inferior butter
It is not right that poor butter
makers should be helped to foster a
class of pernicious spies and informers
in the State.
A Sham Lexow.
After a whole winter's incubation
Senator PENROSE is about to hatch his
Lexow committee for the alleged pur-
| pose of investigating the corruption of
Philadelphia’s municipal administra:
tion. His introduction of a resolution
in the Senate for the appointment of
such a committee is said to have
caused a flutter among the Philadel-
phia ringsters, but it is scarcely worth
while for them to give themselves any
uneasiness about it, as it is not intend:
ed to get down to the hardpan of rot.
tenness that underlies the city govern-
Such a committee would be merely a
feature in the contest between the fac
tions.. There can be no other motive
tor it than the desire of the PENROSE
Quay faction to secure a tactical ad-
vantage over the PORTER-MARTIN com-
bine. The committee could be used
as a whip to hold over the dominant
faction and bring it to terme.
PexrosE had his chance at the last
city election to help expose the pre-
vailing municipal corruption, but he
joined in with the combine in electing
their mayor and re-electing the ras-
cally councilmen who habitually plun-
der the city. His Lexow committee
would be a sham.
— Judging from a drastic letter
of Dr. Parkuugst in the New York
World, iv is the decided opinion
of that eminent reformer that in
turning the Tammany ring out and
putting the Pratt ring in, the people
of New York city merely jumped “from
the frying pan into the fire)”
Are Our Heroes to be So Soon Forgotten?
From the Philadelphia Times.
The North Wales Herald calls at-
tention to the fact that General Han-
cock’s “remains lie in a neglected
tomb in Montgomery Cemetery.” It
adds that “the walls are crumbling
down, and a stranger would never
think that here reposes the undaunted
soldier of the Rebellion.”
Montgomery county furnished not
only one of the most brilliant and he-
roic of soldiers in the regular army in
the late war in the person of Winfield
Scott Hancock, but aleo furnished to
the volunteer army the most accom-
plished Pennsylvania soldier taken
from civil life in the person of John F.
Hartranft. The fame of both of these
men is as wide as the continent, and
their graves should be marked by en-
during monuments expressing the de-
votion of a loyal State to two of her
Norristown with her 20,000 inhabit
ants should at once make systematic
efforis to make General Hancock’s
resting place more worthy of the Penn.
gylvania soldier who is known in his-
tory as “Hancock the superb.” He
was not only great as general, but
there is pot a worthy attribute of
statesmanship or manhood that he did
He rarely had opportunity to exhib-
it his knowledge of civil affairs, but on
the few oocasions which gave him
such opportunity, he acquitted himselt
in a manner that inspired the admira-
tion of intelligent citizens of every po-
litical faith, He was defeated for the
Presidency by a popular majority of
less than ten thousand out of nearly as
many millions, and when he led the
military procession that inaugurated
his competitor with all the dignity and
chivalry of the soldier and gentleman,
the heart of the nation went out to him
> one who richly merited its generous
The Grand Army Post of Norristown
should take the iniative to rescue Han-
cock’s tomb from its present neglected
condition, There is not a Pennsylva-
nia soldier who would not gladly
respond to the movement for a monu-
ment over the grave of Hancock, and
the patriotic citizens of Norristown
need but to be invited to secure their
liberal co-operation to honor one
whom they reverence as both citizen
and soldier. It needs only organized
effort to secure the easy and early ac
complishment of this just tribute to
General Hancock, and we hope that it
will be promptly made.
The Size of the Cuban Revolution.
That Cuban revolution does not ap-
pear to be revolving with much veloci-
ty. A Cuban paper prints the follow-
ing statement of the total number of
insurgents under arms : Emilio Giral,
200 infantry; Alfonso Goulet and
Lama del Gato, 500 men; Quintin
Banderao, 1,000 ; Bernardo Canacho,
100 ; Victoriano Garson, 400; Luis
Bonneo, 200; Eduardo Dominguez,
150; Victorianp Hierrezuelo, 300;
Pierico Perez and Antonio Maceo,
1,000 making a total of 3,850 men.
Now if Emelio, Alfonso, Bernardo,
Victoriano & Co. would only furnish
us with some exciting news we might
be inclined to treat their sonorous and
mellifuous names with distinguished
consideration. “Bravo O! Emilio!”
or “Victoriano Victorious” would
make fine beadlines, but hang it all,
gentlemen, you must furnish eome-
thing besides your names.
A Good Joke on Leonard.
From the Punxsutawney Spirit.
“Tyrone !” shouted the brakeman,
as the train slowed up at that point,
and a farmer from Susquehanna
county called the brakeman to him
and said : “Did I understand you to
gay that you were going to tie Rhone ?”
“Yes ; we're just going in to Tyrone.”
“Just goin’ in to tie him, are ye?
Well do you know I believe that
Rhone ought to be tied. I see by the
newspapers that he has consented on
the part of the farmers 10 a reduction
ot the school appropriations, and if you
need anybody to help tie Rhone you
can call on me.”
At Home at Last.
From an Unknown Exchange.
An Adventist in northern Mich.,
prophesied that the end of the world
would come at a certain date just pass-
ed. When the day arrived he put on
his ascension robes, climbed to the top of
a straw stack and awaited the crack of
doom. He became tired of waiting and
fell asleep. Some boys discovered him,
and after touching a match to the straw,
swakened him. Gazing around him at
the flames on every side, he cried out,
“in h-1l, just as I expected.”
Want Free Silver in the Anthracite
From the Scranton Times.
Jay Cooke, the remarkable finanier,
the Robert Morris of the rebellion and
the promoter of the Northern Pacific
railroad, hae declared for the reetora-
tion of silver. Here i= a man qualifi-
ed to teach the A, B, C, of finance and
who knows more about the subject of
money than Cleveland and his cabinet
Spawls from the Keystone,
—The Harrisburg Telegram
—Reading’s police department may be
—Seyen robberies occurred at Hanover
—In a stable, at MeSherrystown, James
Owings was found dead.
—Pottsville Miners’ Journal now occu
pies handsome new offices.
—Erie is having a hot fight over a pro
posed central produce market.
—A dozen men were arrested at Read.
ing for watching a cock fight.
—The flower display in Altoona Park
contains 10,000 tulips 2nd hyacinths.
—On his way home from church at
Pittsburg, Patrick Moran fell dead.
—Work will begin on the South Moun
tain Railroad, near Reading, today.
—Brakeman William Megahan was
ground to pieces by a train near Altoona.
—An unknown man about 35 years old
was killed Sunday by a train near Read.
—James McCadden may die from blows
received in a boxing tournament at Pitts-
—Owing to a war between dealers, ice is
now cheaper at Reading than ever be.
—Many strikers returned to work in
Western Pennsylvania soft coal mines,
—For $40,000 F. S. Maneill purchased the
Farmers’ Hotel, at Norristown, from S. H.
—Highwaymen assaulted William Swab,
an Altoona merchant, and stole his cash
—A footpad near Greensburg shot John
Fardy in the face, but the injury is not
—On Decoration day Sehuylkill coun-
ty’s National Guardsmen will be reviewed
—The rain Saturday put out the many
destructive forest fires in Southeastern
—Peter Sweitzer, his wife and five
children spent Friday night ina Reading
—The trial of the four alleged mur-
derers of Barney Reich began Monday at
—Wages of Schuylkill miners for the
current month will be Id per eent. below
the $2.50 basis.
—Schuylkill county's new Orphans
Court Judge, T. H. B. Lyon, was sworn in
—Two of the Denniston sisters, at Pitts
burg, were sent to prison for five years
for shop-lifting. :
—A mad hog so seriously mangled John
Shoemaker, near Carlisle, that a doctor
sewed up the wounds.
—The Lancaster New Era on Saturday
printed an unusually prosperous-looking
industrial edition of 24 pages.
—On Sunday 98 children partook of
communion wine in St. Paul's Churel,
Reading, for the first time.
—The trolley road from Kurtztown to
Allentown was begun last Saturday and
will be completed in four months.
—W. B. Thompson was Saturday ap-
pointed fourth-class postmaster at Clay
Hill, vice H. E. Smith, resigned.
_Itis estimated that 8000 Inights of
the Golden Eagle will attend the State
conclave at Williamsport on May 14.
—Playing with matches at her home in
South Bethlehem, the little daughter of
George Jandrik was burned to death.
—In two days the Philadelphia & Read-
ing has sent out from Palo Alto and
Cressona 45 long trains loaded with coal.
—Pulling a kettle of boiling water on
himself, the little son of Andrew Pennell,
of Spragueville, was dreadfully burned.
Boston detectives have reeeived re-
quisition papers for A. Bachelder, now in
Allegheny county workhouse for torgery:
—John McQuiston, a poor maa living at
Beltzhoover, Allegheny, has fallen heir to
£50,000, and will return to Ireland to live.
— A power house costing $150,000, to fur-
nish 2000 horse-power for the Schuylkill
Traction Company, is building at Pale
—As he was loading railroad ties at
Roherstown, on the Pennsy. Charles
Conover fell and was fatally hurt by a
—While walking on a railroad trestle
near Pittsburg, John L. Cefer, of Wash.
ington, D. C., tumbled through and was
_ Pottsville firemen elected Pereival
Baltz chief of the department, with
Samuel Love and Archibald Brown as as-
—Accused of shooting through a floor
into a room where dancers were congre-
gated, Robert Wilson was arrested at
Methodist Bishops Fowler, Vineent,
Andrews and Bowman preached Sunday
at Carlisle, where the Bishops are holding
—In a freight wreek on the Pennsylva-
nia Railroad, at Bohrerstown, six loaded
cars were demolished and the tracks were
blocked six hours.
—The body of Stanislaus Robert, the
second of the four victims who perished
in Luke Fidler Colliery, Shamokin, was
—In one week three persons were killed
ata Sharon grade crossing, the victims
being Mrs. Ellen Hanna, Thomas Durry
and William Noonan.
—The United States postal authorities
have placed under the ban the mail of
Publishers’ Collection Agency, of St. Paul,
having an office at Pittsburg.
—The colored conference at W est Ches:
ter wound up by forgiving Pastor Ashley
Smith, of Newark, Delaware for assault.
ing three quarreling members of his
_The Chamberlain colliery, near
Clair, and the East Ridge colliery, at
Thomaston, new operations, will start up
this Monday and will each employ over
500 men and boys.
_At the Dickinson College freshmen
oratorical contest at Carlisle Monday
night E. D. Soper, of Carlisle, won the
Cole prize, and G. W. Schietz, of the same
place, got the Walkley prize.